Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 13 December 2015


Accepted Name:

Cistanche deserticola Ma in Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae 1960(1): 63 (1960)

Synonyms:

Cistanche deserticola Ma emend. Ma in Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae 1977(1): 70 (1977), nom. superfl. [Melbourne Code, Art. 47]

Cistanche deserticola Ma ex Zhi Y. Zhang in Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 4(4): 116 (1984) (Schlauer & al., 2012)

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Misapplied names:

Cistanche ambigua auct., non Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) (Ma, 1960: 64; "C. ambigua auct. fl. Mong., non Bunge (acc. to Gubanov 1996)" (3282. C. deserticola in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013))

Cistanche tubulosa auct., non Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: 4, t. 1420 bis. (1849) (3282. C. deserticola in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013)

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Ind. loc.: Inner Mongolia (Schlauer & al., 2012).

Typus / Type:

Designated by: Ma, Y.Q. [Y.C.] in Journal of Inner Mongolia University 1960(1): 61-66. 1960?.

Host: Parasitic mainly on Chenopodiaceae species [e.g., Haloxylon ammodendron (C.A. Mey.) Bunge (Anabasis ammodendron C.A. Mey.), H. persicum Bunge ex Boiss. & Buhse] (CVH [69: 87], accessed Oct. 2013; Peng & Wang, 1996: 96; CITES. Prop. 11.59, accessed Oct 2013; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Oct 2013).

Comments:

"Endangered Species" (Dharmananda, 2004); "new crop in China" (Xu & al., 2009: 137-142); "Officinal plant" (Wang, Zhang & Xie, 2012).

"The fact is that acquiring a new gene can lead to an obvious benefit to living in that particular environment. H. ammodendron, which is distributed across dry deserts and salt pans, has high tolerance to osmotic and salt stress [66]. We postulate that C. deserticola could not only obtain the carbohydrate, minerals and water, but also the straightforward source of useful genetic information from the neighbour already adapted to that environment." (Li & al., 2013).

Cistanche deserticola var. flabellata R. Cao & Q. Ma in Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 31(3): 639 (2011). Ind. loc.: China / Chine; "Inner Mongolia: Alashan Azuoqi Xilingaole, sands, (HIMC), 39ş17. 100'N, 105ş26. 310' E, 1 141 m, 14 May 2010, Caorui & Chenanping 066 (holotypus!)" (Ma & Cao, 2011: 640). Ic.: Ma & Cao, 2011: 641 t. 1 f. 1-3, 7 type, 8 isotype). Obs. Parasitic on Haloxylon ammodendron (C.A. Mey.) Bunge [Anabasis ammodendron C.A. Mey.] (Ma & Cao, 2011: 640). "Comparing var. flabellata with var. deserticola, the fleshy stem is fan-shaped and flat; the lepis are linear or lance-linear, 12-15 mm long, 1-3 mm wide" (Ma & Cao, 2011: 639).

Chromosomatic number: 2n = 40* (Zhang & Ma, 1989; C. deserticola in Flora of China, accessed Oct 2013).

Ic.: a, Illustration [t. 256, f. 1-6] (C. deserticola in Flora of China [FRPS 69: 88, pl. 23. 1990], accessed Oct 2013); b, Zhang, 1984: 111 f. 9-10 (CVH [FRPS 69: 86, 88 t. 23 f. 1-5], accessed Oct 2013); c, CVH [5: 316 t. 128 f. 10-12], accessed Oct 2013; d, CVH [4: 355 t. 140 f. 10-12], accessed Oct 2013; e, Peng & Wang, 1996: 95 t. 69 f. 1-3; f, Xin, 1992: 190, t. 74 f. 1-3; g, PE 01542425, PE 01542428, PE 01542433, PE 01542437; h, C. deserticola in http://www.plantphoto.cn, accessed Oct 2013.

Distribution: China / Chine and Mongolia / Монгол улс. "Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Xinjiang [Mongolia]" (C. deserticola in Flora of China, accessed Oct 2013; CITES. Prop. 11.59, accessed Oct 2013); Mongolian map "Mongolian Altai, Depression of Great Lakes, Valley of Lakes, East Gobi, Transaltai Gobi (acc. to Gubanov 1996)" (3282. C. deserticola in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

China / Chine (C. deserticola in Flora of China, accessed Oct 2013; CITES. Prop. 11.59, accessed Oct 2013)

Gansu / Kan-su / Kansu / Kan-suh: Wuwei, Zhangye, Jiuquan.

Nei Mongol Autonomous Region / Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region: Alashanzuoqi, Ejinaqi, Alashanyouqi, Wulatehouqi.

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR) / Ningxia / Ning-hsia: Zhongwei, Lingwu, Yanci.

Qinghai / Tsinghai / Ch'ing-Hai / Kokonor: Haile, Hainan.

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region / Xinjiang / Sinkiang: Fuhai, Habahe, Fuwen, Chabuchaer, Jinghe, Wushu, Jumushaer, Qitai, Bole, Fukang, Manasi, Hebukeseer, Huocheng, Hutubi. Taklamakan Desert / Taklimakan / Teklimakan (Li & al. 2012).

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Kazakhstan / Қазақстан / Qazaqstan / Казахстан / Kazajistán [unconfirmed]

(Tomari & al., 2003, AB116621; Жакупова & Сарсенбаев, УДК 581.522.4 "Биолого-экологическая характеристика Казахстанских видов цистанхе. ... представлен в Казахстане тремя видами: 1. Ц.жѐлтая (С. flava), 2. Ц.солончаковая (C. salsa), 3. Ц.сомнительная (C. ambigua), синоним Cistanche deserticola."; "«Разработка технологии производства продукции из казахстанского женьшеня Cistanche deserticola для пищевой и парфюмерно-косметической промышленности»").

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Mongolia / Mongolie / Mongolei / Монгол улс

Mongolian map, "Mongolian Altai, Depression of Great Lakes, Valley of Lakes, East Gobi, Transaltai Gobi (acc. to Gubanov 1996)" (C. deserticola in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013).

Govi-Altai / Говь-Алтай / Говь-Алта́й / Govi-Altay / Gobi-Altai-Aimag / Gobi-Altaď: "Cistanche deserticola (near lake Alag-nur, between the Gobi Altai and the Mongolian Altai)", Dr. Petr Kosachev, pers. comm., 19 Nov 2015 (photos).

Övörkhangay / Övörhangay / Uverchangai / Өвөрхангай: "Herbarium Knapp Nr. 570/78 / Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Flora Mongolica / Prov. Uverchangai / ... S des Bagd-Bogd-ula, ca. 60 km O Bajan-Leg / Sanddüne, auf Holoxylon ammodendron (C.A. Mey.) Bge. / H.D. Knapp,  9.7.1978" (GFW 42043) (3282. C. deserticola in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013).

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References.

Chinese Virture Herbarium (CVH). 2004-2013. Orobanchaceae. Cistanche deserticola. URL: http://www.cvh.ac.cn/ (accessed Jun 2013).

CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora / Washington Convention). CITES species database. Cistanche  deserticola Ma. (accessed Oct 2013).

CITES. SITES. Inclusion of Cistanche deserticola Ma in SITES Appendix. Prop. 11.59. www.cites.org/eng/cop/11/prop/59.pdf (accessed Oct 2013).

Dharmananda, S. 2004 [May 2004] Cistanche and Endangered Species Issues Affecting the Herb Supply. ITM (Institute for Traditional Medicine).

FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia. Virtual Guide to the Flora of Mongolia - Plant Database as Practica Approach. Cistanche. Cistanche deserticola. [Search Plant Database]. University of Greifswald, Institute of Botany and Landscape Ecology, Institute of Geography and Geology, Computer Centre, 2010- (continuously updated). Computer Centre of University of Greifswald, D-17487 Greifswald, Germany (accessed Oct 2013).

FRPS 69. 1990. Flora Republicae Popularis Sinicae [Delectis Florae Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae] 69: 83-89 [FRPS 69: 86-88, pl. 23. 1990]. Agendae Academiae Sinicae Edita [FRPS. Anonymous 1959-1998. 80 vols.] (Chinese).

Gubanov, I.A. 1996. Conspectus of flora of Outer Mongolia (vascular plants). Valang Publishers, Moscow.

Li Li, XinWen Xu, YongQiang Su, Wei Han & PengFei Tu. 2012. Effects of parasitic plant Cistanche deserticola on chlorophyll a fluorescence and nutrient accumulation of host plant Haloxylon ammodendron in the Taklimakan Desert[J]. Journal of Arid Land 4(3): 342-348.

Li, X., Zhang T.-C., Qiao Q., Ren Z., Zhao J., Yonezawa, T., Hasegawa, M,. Crabbe, M.J.C., Li, J. & Zhong, Y. 2013 [15 Mar 2013]. Complete Chloroplast Genome Sequence of Holoparasite Cistanche deserticola (Orobanchaceae) Reveals Gene Loss and Horizontal Gene Transfer from Its Host Haloxylon ammodendron (Chenopodiaceae). PLoS ONE 8(3): e58747. DOI: 10.1371 / journal.pone.0058747.

Ma, Y.Q. [Y.C.]. 1960. Optimization of Cistanche Hoffmg et Link in Inner Mongolia. Journal of Inner Mongolia University 1960(1): 61-66 (Chinese).

Ma, Y.Q. [Y.C.]. 1977. Revisal of Cistanche Hoffmg et Link in Inner Mongolia. Journal of Inner Mongolia University 1977(1): 69-75 (Chinese).

Ma, Q. & Cao, R. 2011. Cistanche deserticola Ma var. flabellata, A New Variety of Cistanche from Inner Mongolia, China. Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 31(3): 639-641 [view IPNI entry].

Peng, H.Y. & Wang, K. [xu yang peng wang ke zhi]. 1996. Orobanchaceae. zhong guo tan yang qu zhi wu zhi [Flora Sinensts in Area Tan-Yang 4] (Chinese).

Schlauer J., Meijer, W. & Hansen, B. (last update, 5 Mar 2012). Parasitic Plants Database. URL: http://www.omnisterra.com/bot/pp_home.cgi (accessed Oct 2013).

Tomari, N., Ishizuka, Y., Moriya, A., Kojima, S., Deyama,T., Maksut, C., Tu, P. & Mizukami, H. 2003. Pharmacognostical Studies of Cistanche Herba (4) Phylogenetic Relationship of the Cistanche Plants Based on Plastid rps2 Gene and rpl16-rpl14 Intergenetic Spacer Region Sequence [unpublished]. Cistanche deserticola. DDBJ - DNA Data Bank of Japan.

Tomari, N., Ishizuka, Y., Moriya, A., Kojima, S., Deyama, T. & Tu, P. 2003. Studies on the cultivation of Cistanche plant (II) parasitism by Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma of cultivated host. Natural Medicines 57(6): 215-220.

USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Cistanche deserticola. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?418363 (Jun 2013).

Wang T., Zhang, X. & Xie, W. 2012. Cistanche deserticola Y. C. Ma, "Desert ginseng": a review. Am. J. Chin. Med. 40(6): 1123-41.

Xin, L.Y. [liu ying xin]. 1992. zhong guo sha mo zhi wu zhi [Flora in desertis Reipublicae Populorum Sinarum 3] (Chinese).

Xu, R., Chen, J., Chen, S.-L., Liu, T.-N., Zhu, W.-C. & Xu, J. [Rong Xu, Jun Chen, Shi-Lin Chen, Tong-Ning Liu, Wei-Cheng Zhu & Jiang Xu]. 2009. Cistanche deserticola Ma cultivated as a new crop in China. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 56(1): 137-142.

Жакупова, А.С. & Сарсенбаев, К.Н. Особенности Cistanche Deserticola флоры Казахстана. ЕНУ им. Л.Н. Гумилева, Астана. УДК 581.522.4.

Zhang, Z.Y. [Zhang, Zhi Yun]. 1984. Studies on the familiy Orobanchaceae of China (I). Bull. Bot. Res. 4(4): 111-119 (Chinese).

Zhang, Z.Y. & Ma, Y.Q. [Y.C.]. 1989. Karyotype analysis of Cistanche deserticola Ma. Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intragmongol. 20 (2): 277-280.

Zhang, Z.Y. & Tzvelev, N.N. 1998. Orobanchaceae. Cistanche. Cistanche deserticola. In: Flora of China 18: 229-243 ([pdf], accessed Aug 2009).

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