Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 16 December 2020


Accepted Name:

Cistanche deserticola Ma in Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae 1960(1): 63 (1960) (Zhang 1984: 116; ipni.org/n/957757-1)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Cistanche deserticola Ma emend. Ma in Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae 1977(1): 70 (1977), nom. superfl. [Melbourne Code Art. 47] (Zhang 1984: 116)

Cistanche deserticola Ma ex Zhi Y. Zhang in Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 4(4): 116 (1984) (Zhang 1984: 116; Schlauer & al. 2012)

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Cistanche deserticola var. flabellata R. Cao & Q. Ma in Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 31(3): 639 (2011) (ipni.org/n/77123829-1). Ind. loc.: China / 中国; "Inner Mongolia [内蒙古自治区]: Alashan Azuoqi Xilingaole, sands, (HIMC), 39ş17. 100'N, 105ş26. 310' E [39°17'N 105°26'E, Alxa Left Banner / 阿拉善左旗], 1 141 m, 14 May 2010, Caorui & Chenanping 066 (holotypus!)" (Ma & Cao 2011: 640). Ic.: Ma & Cao 2011: 641 t. 1 f. 1-3, 7 type, 8 isotype). Obs. Parasitic on Haloxylon ammodendron (C.A. Mey.) Bunge [Anabasis ammodendron C.A. Mey.] (Ma & Cao 2011: 640). "Comparing var. flabellata with var. deserticola, the fleshy stem is fan-shaped and flat; the lepis are linear or lance-linear, 12-15 mm long, 1-3 mm wide" (Ma & Cao 2011: 639).

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Misapplied names:

Cistanche ambigua auct., non Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) (Ma 1960: 64 [FRPS 69: 86]; Zhang 1984: 116; "C. ambigua auct. fl. Mong., non Bunge (acc. to Gubanov 1996)" (floragreif.uni-greifswald.de...taxon_id=3282 [C. deserticola] in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013)

Cistanche tubulosa auct., non Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: 4, t. 1420 bis. (1849) (floragreif.uni-greifswald.de...taxon_id=3282 [C. deserticola] in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013)

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Ind. loc.: China / 中国, Inner Mongolia / 内蒙古自治区 (Schlauer & al. 2012).

Typus / Type: HIMC (Schlauer & al. 2012).

Designated by: Ma, Y.Q. [Y.C.] in Journal of Inner Mongolia University 1960(1): 61-66. 1960?.

Host: Parasitic mainly on Chenopodiaceae species [e.g., Haloxylon ammodendron (C.A. Mey.) Bunge (Anabasis ammodendron C.A. Mey.), PE 01542425; H. persicum Bunge ex Boiss. & Buhse] (Zhang 1990: 87; Peng & Wang 1996: 96; CITES. Prop. 11.59, accessed Oct 2013; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Oct 2013).

Comments:

"Endangered Species" (Dharmananda 2004); "new crop in China" (Xu & al. 2009: 137-142); "Officinal plant" (Wang, Zhang & Xie 2012).

"Fig. 3 Cistanche deserticola and its host Haloxylon ammodendron from (a) wild habitat and (b) the plantation where the hosts were planted in rows (photo: Chen J and Xu J)" (Xu et al. 2009).

"The fact is that acquiring a new gene can lead to an obvious benefit to living in that particular environment. H. ammodendron, which is distributed across dry deserts and salt pans, has high tolerance to osmotic and salt stress [66]. We postulate that C. deserticola could not only obtain the carbohydrate, minerals and water, but also the straightforward source of useful genetic information from the neighbour already adapted to that environment." (Li & al. 2013).

Morphological observations:

Cistanche deserticola can be confused with Cistanche salsa, the first species can be distinguished for its "bracts subequalling corolla, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate; corolla brown when dry" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998 [efloras.org id=107147]).

Chromosomatic number: 2n = 40* (Zhang & Ma 1989; C. deserticola in Flora of China, accessed Oct 2013).

Ic.: a, Illustration [t. 256, f. 1-6] (C. deserticola in Flora of China [Zhang in FRPS 69: 88, pl. 23. 1990]); b, Zhang, 1984: 111 f. 9-10 (Zhang in FRPS 69: 86, 88 t. 23 f. 1-5. 1990); c, CVH [5: 316 t. 128 f. 10-12]; d, CVH [4: 355 t. 140 f. 10-12], accessed Oct 2013; e, Peng & Wang 1996: 95 t. 69 f. 1-3; f, Xin 1992: 190, t. 74 f. 1-3; g, Zhang 1990: t. 1 f. 4-6, t. 3 f. 7-9 [pollen]; h, PE 01542425, PE 01542428, PE 01542433, PE 01542437; i, PPBC id: 187509, PPBC id: 4570054, PPBC id: 855528 (sub C. salsa) and PPBC id: 3511356 in http://ppbc.iplant.cn/sp/31067 - http://www.plantphoto.cn, accessed Oct 2013 et Mar 2019; photos e6102169fdddd853e5b1d68661a9fb72203237.jpg, 65dc1d9a2e9fde0d93ff70d631f54b68203251, fe63ff40ac43352de3032ec43dc10622203305 and 145da5267564d8c7f446ca4b1ddbd3b1203317 in ForaMedica.NET, accessed Mar 2019.

Distribution: China, Kazakhstan [unconfirmed], Mongolia and Tajikistan [unconfirmed].

"产内蒙古 宁夏   (阿佐旗)、甘肃   (昌马)及 新疆   [Inner Mongolia, Ningxia (Azuqi), Gansu (Changma) and Xinjiang]" (FRPS 69: 87). "Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Xinjiang [Mongolia]" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. deserticola; CITES. Prop. 11.59, accessed Oct 2013); Mongolian map "Mongolian Altai, Depression of Great Lakes, Valley of Lakes, East Gobi, Transaltai Gobi (acc. to Gubanov 1996)" (floragreif.uni-greifswald.de...taxon_id=3282 [C. deserticola] in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013); photo cfh.ac.cn/data/2013/201305/20130527/normal/10ed6c98-9369-48d8-9a97-1e519ef0dc93.jpg in CFH (Chinese Field Herbarium), accessed Mar 2019; photo cfh.ac.cn/...photoid=4157b2c8-dfb5-4365-9d5a-5d028286833b - http://www.cfh.ac.cn 900 in CFH (Chinese Field Herbarium), accessed Mar 2019.

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Specimens examined and literature records.

China / Chine / 中国 / Китай (Zhang 1990: 86-87, sub C. deserticola; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. deserticola; CITES. Prop. 11.59, accessed Oct 2013; Sun & al. 2012: 1043, sub C. deserticola; Liu & al. 2019, sub C. deserticola)

Gansu / 甘肃省 / Kan-su / Kansu / Kan-suh (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. deserticola): Wuwei, Zhangye, Jiuquan; HNWP 160377.

Nei Mongol Autonomous Region / Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region / 內蒙古 / 内蒙古自治区 (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. deserticola; Sun & al. 2012: 1043, sub C. deserticola): Alashanzuoqi, Ejinaqi, Alashanyouqi, Wulatehouqi; det. 马毓泉 HIMC 0034615; det. 马毓泉 HIMC 0034618; Cistanche deserticola Ma det. 张志耘 [Z.Y. Zhang] 1985.12.18 PE 01542425

Alxa League / 阿拉善盟 (Sun & al. 2012: 1043, sub C. deserticola): 杜诚 [Du Cheng] 2009/4/25 拍摄 @ 内蒙古自治区 阿拉善盟 阿拉善左旗 阿拉善盟左旗 生境:商品 (ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/187509, ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/187510, accessed Oct 2013 et Mar 2019); 拍摄 @ 内蒙古自治区 阿拉善盟 阿拉善左旗 阿拉善沙生植物园 Alxa Left Banner (ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/5127789 - PPBC id:5127789); 内蒙古自治区 阿拉善盟 阿拉善左旗 乌兰布和路 [Alxa Left Banner] (ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/5127755 by 朱强 [Zhu Qiang] 2019.5.9 PPBC id:5127755 拍摄 @ 内蒙古自治区 阿拉善盟 阿拉善左旗 阿拉善沙生植物园).

Dengkou County / 磴口县 (Sun & al. 2012: 1043, sub C. deserticola): Dengkou, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (PS1687MT11 - JF915371) (Sun & al. 2012: 1043, sub C. deserticola).

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR) / 宁夏回族自治区 / 宁夏 / Ningxia / Ning-hsia (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. deserticola): Zhongwei, Lingwu, Yanci; det. 马毓泉 PE 01542426.

Qinghai Province / 青海省 / Tsinghai / Ch'ing-Hai / Kokonor: Haile, Hainan.

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region / 新疆维吾尔自治区 / Xinjiang / Sinkiang / 新疆 (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. deserticola): Fuhai, Habahe, Fuwen, Chabuchaer, Jinghe, Wushu, Jumushaer, Qitai, Bole, Fukang, Manasi, Hebukeseer, Huocheng, Hutubi. Taklamakan Desert / Taklimakan / Teklimakan (Li & al. 2012); PPBC 3511358; det. 陈淑荣 2007.03.27 PE 01542428; Cistanche deserticola Ma det. 张志耘 [Z.Y. Zhang] 1985.11.01 PE 01542432; Cistanche deserticola Ma det. 张志耘 [Z.Y. Zhang] 1985.11.01 PE 01542437; Cistanche deserticola Ma det. 张志和 1983.06.28 HNWP 139839; Cistanche deserticola Ma det. 张志耘 [Z.Y. Zhang] 1985.11.01 PE 01542433

Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture / 巴音郭楞州

Qiemo County / 且末县: "在新疆地区主要分布在北疆古尔班古通特沙漠和南疆的塔克拉玛干沙漠周围的流动、半流动、固定沙地、盐地、戈壁等地,寄生在梭梭,红柳 [In Xinjiang, it is mainly distributed in the flow, semi-flow, fixed sand, salt land, Gobi and other places around the Gurbantünggüt Desert in northern Xinjiang and the Taklamakan Desert in southern Xinjiang.]" (photos 5oo0003ss143q847no0.jpg, 5oq000101n571920q5o.jpg, 5o300065380sos32r3q.jpg, 15247311415026qr15spn62.jpg  ...  in agriculture/488n6g.html - 2017 / 用户协议 / DMCA, accessed Mar 2019).

Karamay / 克拉玛依市: 刘新华 [Liu Xinhua] 2017/5/5 拍摄 @ 新疆维吾尔自治区 克拉玛依市 克拉玛依区 (PPBC id:3511358 et PPBC id: 3511356, accessed Mar 2019).

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Kazakhstan / Қазақстан / Qazaqstan / Казахстан / Kazajistán [unconfirmed] (Sarsenbayev & al. 2015)

"Kazakhstan" (Tomari & al. 2003, AB116621 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AB116621); Жакупова & Сарсенбаев [Zhakupova, A.S. & Sarsenbayev, K.N.], УДК 581.522.4 "Биолого-экологическая характеристика Казахстанских видов цистанхе. ... представлен в Казахстане тремя видами: 1. Ц.жѐлтая (С. flava), 2. Ц.солончаковая (C. salsa), 3. Ц.сомнительная (C. ambigua), синоним Cistanche deserticola"; "«Разработка технологии производства продукции из казахстанского женьшеня Cistanche deserticola для пищевой и парфюмерно-косметической промышленности»").

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Mongolia / Mongolie / Mongolei / 蒙古国 / Монгол улс "Table 4. Endangered (EN) taxa listed on the Mongolian Red List for IUCN (Nyambayar et al. 2011)" (Urgamal 2018, sub C. deserticola)

Mongolian map, "Mongolian Altai, Depression of Great Lakes, Valley of Lakes, East Gobi, Transaltai Gobi (acc. to Gubanov 1996)" (C. deserticola in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013).

Dornogovi Province / Дорноговь аймаг (East Gobi) / 东戈壁省 / Восточно-Гобийский аймак: (Uhlich 2014, sub C. deserticola).

Govi-Altai / Говь-Алтай / Говь-Алта́й / Govi-Altay / Gobi-Altai-Aimag / Gobi-Altaď: "Cistanche deserticola (near lake Alag-nur, between the Gobi Altai and the Mongolian Altai)", Dr. Petr Kosachev, pers. comm., 19 Nov 2015 (photos); "Рідкісна рослина-паразит Цістанхе (Cistanche deserticola), паразитує на коренях саксаулів (Halóxylon), Гобі [parasitizing on the roots of saxauls (Haloxylon sp.), Gobi]", 4 Jun 2018 (photo by Yanish E. in commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Cistanche_deserticola, accessed Nov 2020).

Khovd Province / Ховд аймаг / Кобдоский аймак: 1. "... / Cistanche salsa / Westliche Mongolei / Chovod Aimak, Bulgan Sum / Bulgan gol ca. 5 km östlich Jarantai / Felsen / leg. H. Ansorge am 18.IV.1978". -- 2. "teste: Holger Uhlich ... 2012" (HAL 44142 - floragreif.uni_id=24075; accesed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, sub C. deserticola [which can be distinguished for their "leaves on upper part lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 2-4 cm x 5-10 mm, glabrous ... bracts subequalling corolla, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate; corolla brown when dry" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998 [efloras.org id=107147])).

Ömnögovi aymag / Ѳмнѳговь аймаг / Умнеговь / 南戈壁省: "Ömnögov Aim.: Bulgan sum, Shabarakh-usu (= Flaming cliffs / Bayn Dzak / Bayan Zag / Баянзаг; 44,2 N 103, 7 E) (Chaney 19.05.1925). (Grubov et al. 2006: 12 - probably confusion with C. salsa, see above) – Ömnögov Aim.: Mandal-Owoo sum, lower On-gjin-gol, tract Derisin-Khobur-khuduk (Junussov 20.07.1943). (Grubov et al. 2006: 12) – Tract Bain-Dzar (Kal. 19.09.1951). (Grubov et al. 2006: 12)" (Uhlich 2014, sub C. deserticola); Determined as: Cistanche salsa, Province: Ömnögov, District: Bulgan, "zwischen Bayangol [Баянгол] und Bayanzag [Баянзаг (rich in saxaul, Haloxylon ammodendron)]", 44°08'44.0"N 103°42'13.2"E, 1236 m (photos floragreif.uni-greifswald.de/taxon...id=17674, floragreif.uni-greifswald.de/taxon...id=17675 and floragreif.uni-greifswald.de/taxon/?flora_search=Image&record_id=17676 det. by U. Timmermann, 10.06.2014, confirmed by Rilke, S. & Najmi, U., 17.7.2014 in floragreif.uni-greifswald.de...record_id=44184 - Virtual Guide to the Flora of Mongolia; accesed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, sub C. deserticola [which can be distinguished for their "bracts subequalling corolla, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998 [efloras.org id=107147])); Gurvan tes / Гурван тэс, 43°25'36.7"N 100°58'51.6"E, 21 May 2019 (photo inaturalist.org/observations/58818655 - gbif.org/occurrence/2862284971 by urtnasan in iNaturalist.org; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020 [cf. C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])]); Bulgan, 46°03'50.2"N 91°35'56.3"E, near Булган-Нисэх Зам, Бүрэнхайрхан / Bulgan-Airport Rd, Bürenkhairkhan, 7 Jun 2016 (inaturalist.org/observations/48653427 by Oyuna Batlai, sub C. deserticola, in iNaturalist.org, accessed Nov 2020); Bulgan, 44°10'52.8"N 103°41'50.3"E, near Булган - Мандал-Овоо / Bulgan - Mandal-Ovoo Rd., 26 Jun 2019 (inaturalist.org/observations/66664799 by B. Byambajav, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist.org; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020 [cf. C. deserticola]).

Övörkhangay / Övörhangay / Uverchangai / Өвөрхангай: "Herbarium Knapp Nr. 570/78 / Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Flora Mongolica / Prov. Uverchangai / ... S des Bagd-Bogd-ula, ca. 60 km O Bajan-Leg / Sanddüne, auf Holoxylon ammodendron (C.A. Mey.) Bge. / H.D. Knapp,  9.7.1978" (GFW 42043 - floragreif.uni-greifswald.de...record_id=18908) (3282. C. deserticola in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013); Record formerly determined as: Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Cistanche deserticola Ma, Revised by: Uhlich, Holger, 2012 / Province: Övörkhangay, District: Bogd, "Halbwüstenzone S des Baga-Bogd ca. 60 km O Bajan-Leg", Sanddüne, auf Haloxylon ammodendron (C.A. Mey.) Bge. / Collected by: Knapp, H.-D., 09.07.1978, Coll. No. 570/78 (HAL Acc. No.: 44120 - floragreif.uni-greifswald.de/taxon/?flora_search=Record&record_id=38624 [n.v.]).

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Tajikistan / Таджикистан / Tadzhikistan / Tayikistán / Tadschikistan [unconfirmed (see C. salsa)]

"227430. Scrophulariaceae. Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck / Tajikistan, Tigrovaja Balka Nature Reserve" (photos fotomontaro.com...01, 02, 03, 04, 05 et 06 by Eugene A. Davkaev in Montarano Nature Photography, accessed Aug 2012 [see C. deserticola, "Bracts subequalling corolla, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998)]); "Таджикистан, заповедник "Тигровая балка", северная часть. 17.04.2011 [Tajikistan, Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve]" (photo plantarium.ru/page/view/item/44582, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/104164, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/104163, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/104162 and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/104161 by Евгений Давкаев [Eugene Davkaev] 2011; растение определил(а) [det.] Юрий Пирогов [Y. Pirogov] in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2012 [see C. deserticola, "Bracts subequalling corolla, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998)]).

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