Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 10 March 2019


Accepted Name:

Cistanche deserticola Ma in Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae 1960(1): 63 (1960)

Synonyms:

Cistanche deserticola Ma emend. Ma in Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae 1977(1): 70 (1977), nom. superfl. [Melbourne Code, Art. 47]

Cistanche deserticola Ma ex Zhi Y. Zhang in Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 4(4): 116 (1984) (Schlauer & al., 2012)

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Misapplied names:

Cistanche ambigua auct., non Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) (Ma, 1960: 64 [FRPS 69: 86]; "C. ambigua auct. fl. Mong., non Bunge (acc. to Gubanov 1996)" (3282. C. deserticola in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013))

Cistanche tubulosa auct., non Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: 4, t. 1420 bis. (1849) (3282. C. deserticola in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013)

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Ind. loc.: Inner Mongolia (Schlauer & al., 2012).

Typus / Type:

Designated by: Ma, Y.Q. [Y.C.] in Journal of Inner Mongolia University 1960(1): 61-66. 1960?.

Host: Parasitic mainly on Chenopodiaceae species [e.g., Haloxylon ammodendron (C.A. Mey.) Bunge (Anabasis ammodendron C.A. Mey.), H. persicum Bunge ex Boiss. & Buhse] (CVH [FRPS 69: 87], accessed Oct. 2013; Peng & Wang, 1996: 96; CITES. Prop. 11.59, accessed Oct 2013; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Oct 2013).

Comments:

"Endangered Species" (Dharmananda, 2004); "new crop in China" (Xu & al., 2009: 137-142); "Officinal plant" (Wang, Zhang & Xie, 2012).

"The fact is that acquiring a new gene can lead to an obvious benefit to living in that particular environment. H. ammodendron, which is distributed across dry deserts and salt pans, has high tolerance to osmotic and salt stress [66]. We postulate that C. deserticola could not only obtain the carbohydrate, minerals and water, but also the straightforward source of useful genetic information from the neighbour already adapted to that environment." (Li & al., 2013).

Cistanche deserticola var. flabellata R. Cao & Q. Ma in Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 31(3): 639 (2011). Ind. loc.: China / Chine; "Inner Mongolia: Alashan Azuoqi Xilingaole, sands, (HIMC), 39ş17. 100'N, 105ş26. 310' E, 1 141 m, 14 May 2010, Caorui & Chenanping 066 (holotypus!)" (Ma & Cao, 2011: 640). Ic.: Ma & Cao, 2011: 641 t. 1 f. 1-3, 7 type, 8 isotype). Obs. Parasitic on Haloxylon ammodendron (C.A. Mey.) Bunge [Anabasis ammodendron C.A. Mey.] (Ma & Cao, 2011: 640). "Comparing var. flabellata with var. deserticola, the fleshy stem is fan-shaped and flat; the lepis are linear or lance-linear, 12-15 mm long, 1-3 mm wide" (Ma & Cao, 2011: 639).

Chromosomatic number: 2n = 40* (Zhang & Ma, 1989; C. deserticola in Flora of China, accessed Oct 2013).

Ic.: a, Illustration [t. 256, f. 1-6] (C. deserticola in Flora of China [FRPS 69: 88, pl. 23. 1990], accessed Oct 2013); b, Zhang, 1984: 111 f. 9-10 (CVH [FRPS 69: 86, 88 t. 23 f. 1-5], accessed Oct 2013); c, CVH [5: 316 t. 128 f. 10-12], accessed Oct 2013; d, CVH [4: 355 t. 140 f. 10-12], accessed Oct 2013; e, Peng & Wang, 1996: 95 t. 69 f. 1-3; f, Xin, 1992: 190, t. 74 f. 1-3; g, Zhang, 1990: t. 1 f. 4-6, t. 3 f. 7-9 [pollen]; h, PE 01542425, PE 01542428, PE 01542433, PE 01542437; i, PPBC id: 187509, PPBC id: 4570054, PPBC id: 855528 (sub C. salsa) and PPBC id: 3511356 in http://ppbc.iplant.cn/sp/31067 - http://www.plantphoto.cn, accessed Oct 2013 et Mar 2019; photos e6102169fdddd853e5b1d68661a9fb72203237.jpg, 65dc1d9a2e9fde0d93ff70d631f54b68203251, fe63ff40ac43352de3032ec43dc10622203305 and 145da5267564d8c7f446ca4b1ddbd3b1203317 in ForaMedica.NET, accessed Mar 2019.

Distribution: China, Kazakhstan [unconfirmed], Mongolia and Tajikistan [unconfirmed]. "产内蒙古 宁夏   (阿佐旗)、甘肃   (昌马)及 新疆   [Inner Mongolia, Ningxia (Azuqi), Gansu (Changma) and Xinjiang]" (FRPS 69: 87). "Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Xinjiang [Mongolia]" (C. deserticola in Flora of China, accessed Oct 2013; CITES. Prop. 11.59, accessed Oct 2013); Mongolian map "Mongolian Altai, Depression of Great Lakes, Valley of Lakes, East Gobi, Transaltai Gobi (acc. to Gubanov 1996)" (3282. C. deserticola in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013); photo 10ed6c98-9369-48d8-9a97-1e519ef0dc93 in CFH (Chinese Field Herbarium), accessed Mar 2019; photo id=4157b2c8-dfb5-4365-9d5a-5d028286833b - http://www.cfh.ac.cn 900 in CFH (Chinese Field Herbarium), accessed Mar 2019.

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Specimens examined and literature records.

China / Chine / 中国 (FRPS 69: 86-87; C. deserticola in Flora of China, accessed Oct 2013; CITES. Prop. 11.59, accessed Oct 2013)

Gansu / 甘肃省 / Kan-su / Kansu / Kan-suh: Wuwei, Zhangye, Jiuquan; HNWP 160377.

Nei Mongol Autonomous Region / Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region / 內蒙古 / 内蒙古自治区: Alashanzuoqi, Ejinaqi, Alashanyouqi, Wulatehouqi; HIMC 0034615; HIMC 0034618.

Alxa League / 阿拉善盟: 杜诚 [Du Cheng] 2009/4/25 拍摄 @ 内蒙古自治区 阿拉善盟 阿拉善左旗 阿拉善盟左旗 生境:商品 (PPBC id: 187509, PPBC id: 187510, accessed Oct 2013 et Mar 2019).

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR) / 宁夏回族自治区 / 宁夏 / Ningxia / Ning-hsia: Zhongwei, Lingwu, Yanci; PE 01542426.

Qinghai Province / 青海省 / Tsinghai / Ch'ing-Hai / Kokonor: Haile, Hainan.

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region / 新疆维吾尔自治区 / Xinjiang / Sinkiang / 新疆: Fuhai, Habahe, Fuwen, Chabuchaer, Jinghe, Wushu, Jumushaer, Qitai, Bole, Fukang, Manasi, Hebukeseer, Huocheng, Hutubi. Taklamakan Desert / Taklimakan / Teklimakan (Li & al. 2012); PPBC 3511358; PE 01542428; PE 01542432; PE 01542437; HNWP 139839.

Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture / 巴音郭楞州

Qiemo County / 且末县: "在新疆地区主要分布在北疆古尔班古通特沙漠和南疆的塔克拉玛干沙漠周围的流动、半流动、固定沙地、盐地、戈壁等地,寄生在梭梭,红柳 [In Xinjiang, it is mainly distributed in the flow, semi-flow, fixed sand, salt land, Gobi and other places around the Gurbantünggüt Desert in northern Xinjiang and the Taklamakan Desert in southern Xinjiang.]" (photos 5oo0003ss143q847no0.jpg, 5oq000101n571920q5o.jpg, 5o300065380sos32r3q.jpg, 15247311415026qr15spn62.jpg  ...  in agriculture/488n6g.html - 2017 / 用户协议 / DMCA, accessed Mar 2019).

Karamay / 克拉玛依市: 刘新华 [Liu Xinhua] 2017/5/5 拍摄 @ 新疆维吾尔自治区 克拉玛依市 克拉玛依区 (PPBC id:3511358 et PPBC id: 3511356, accessed Mar 2019).

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Kazakhstan / Қазақстан / Qazaqstan / Казахстан / Kazajistán [unconfirmed] (Sarsenbayev & al., 2015)

(Tomari & al., 2003, AB116621; Жакупова & Сарсенбаев, УДК 581.522.4 "Биолого-экологическая характеристика Казахстанских видов цистанхе. ... представлен в Казахстане тремя видами: 1. Ц.жѐлтая (С. flava), 2. Ц.солончаковая (C. salsa), 3. Ц.сомнительная (C. ambigua), синоним Cistanche deserticola."; "«Разработка технологии производства продукции из казахстанского женьшеня Cistanche deserticola для пищевой и парфюмерно-косметической промышленности»").

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Mongolia / Mongolie / Mongolei / 蒙古国 / Монгол улс "Table 4. Endangered (EN) taxa listed on the Mongolian Red List for IUCN (Nyambayar et al. 2011)" (Urgamal, 2018, sub C. deserticola)

Mongolian map, "Mongolian Altai, Depression of Great Lakes, Valley of Lakes, East Gobi, Transaltai Gobi (acc. to Gubanov 1996)" (C. deserticola in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013).

Dornogovi Province / Дорноговь аймаг (East Gobi) / 东戈壁省 / Восточно-Гобийский аймак: (Uhlich, 2014, sub C. deserticola).

Govi-Altai / Говь-Алтай / Говь-Алта́й / Govi-Altay / Gobi-Altai-Aimag / Gobi-Altaď: "Cistanche deserticola (near lake Alag-nur, between the Gobi Altai and the Mongolian Altai)", Dr. Petr Kosachev, pers. comm., 19 Nov 2015 (photos).

Khovd Province / Ховд аймаг / Кобдоский аймак: 1. "... / Cistanche salsa / Westliche Mongolei / Chovod Aimak, Bulgan Sum / Bulgan gol ca. 5 km östlich Jarantai / Felsen / leg. H. Ansorge am 18.IV.1978". -- 2. "teste: Holger Uhlich ... 2012" (HAL 44142 - floragreif.uni_id=24075; accesed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, sub C. deserticola [which can be distinguished for their "leaves on upper part lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, 2-4 cm x 5-10 mm, glabrous ... bracts subequalling corolla, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate; corolla brown when dry" (Zhang & Tzvelev, 1998 [efloras.org id=107147])).

Ömnögovi aymag / Ѳмнѳговь аймаг / Умнеговь / 南戈壁省: "Ömnögov Aim.: Bulgan sum, Shabarakh-usu (= Flaming cliffs/ Bayn Dzak/ Bayan Zag; 44,2 N 103, 7 E) (Chaney 19.05.1925). (Grubov et al. 2006: 12 - probably confusion with C. salsa, see above) – Ömnögov Aim.: Mandal-Owoo sum, lower On-gjin-gol, tract Derisin-Khobur-khuduk (Junussov 20.07.1943). (Grubov et al. 2006: 12) – Tract Bain-Dzar (Kal. 19.09.1951). (Grubov et al. 2006: 12)" (Uhlich, 2014, sub C. deserticola); Cistanche salsa, Ömnögov, Bulgan, zwischen Bayangol und Bayanzag, photos id=17674, id=17675 and det. by U. Timmermann, 10.06.2014, confirmed by Rilke, S. & Najmi U., 17.7.2014 (floragreif.uni_id=44184; accesed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, sub C. deserticola [which can be distinguished for their "bracts subequalling corolla, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate" (Zhang & Tzvelev, 1998 [efloras.org id=107147])).

Övörkhangay / Övörhangay / Uverchangai / Өвөрхангай: "Herbarium Knapp Nr. 570/78 / Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Flora Mongolica / Prov. Uverchangai / ... S des Bagd-Bogd-ula, ca. 60 km O Bajan-Leg / Sanddüne, auf Holoxylon ammodendron (C.A. Mey.) Bge. / H.D. Knapp,  9.7.1978" (GFW 42043 - id=18908) (3282. C. deserticola in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Oct 2013).

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Tajikistan / Таджикистан / Tadzhikistan / Tayikistán / Tadschikistan [unconfirmed (see C. salsa)]

"227430. Scrophulariaceae. Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck / Tajikistan, Tigrovaja Balka Nature Reserve" (photos 01, 02, 03, 04, 05 et 06 by Eugene A. Davkaev in Montarano Nature Photography, accessed Aug 2012 [see C. deserticola, "Bracts subequalling corolla, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate" (Zhang & Tzvelev, 1998)]); "Таджикистан, заповедник "Тигровая балка", северная часть. 17.04.2011 [Tajikistan, Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve]" (photo 44582, 104164, 104163, 104162 and 104161 by Евгений Давкаев [Eugene Davkaev] 2011; растение определил(а) [det.] Юрий Пирогов [Y. Pirogov] in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2012 [see C. deserticola, "Bracts subequalling corolla, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate" (Zhang & Tzvelev, 1998)]).

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References.

Chinese Virture Herbarium (CVH). 2004-2013. Orobanchaceae. Cistanche deserticola. URL: http://www.cvh.ac.cn/ - http://www.cvh.ac.cn/en - http://www.cvh.ac.cn/cnpc/Cistanche%20deserticola - http://www.cvh.ac.cn/search/Cistanche%20deserticola (accessed Jun 2013).

CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora / Washington Convention). CITES species database. URL: https://www.cites.org/ - https://www.speciesplus.net/ - https://www.speciesplus.net/#/taxon_concepts/24527/legal (accessed Oct 2013).

CITES. SITES. Inclusion of Cistanche deserticola Ma in SITES Appendix. Prop. 11.59. URL: https://www.cites.org/sites/default/files/esp/cop/11/prop/59.pdf (accessed Oct 2013).

Dharmananda, S. 2004 [May 2004] Cistanche and Endangered Species Issues Affecting the Herb Supply. ITM (Institute for Traditional Medicine).

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Li Li, XinWen Xu, YongQiang Su, Wei Han & PengFei Tu. 2012. Effects of parasitic plant Cistanche deserticola on chlorophyll a fluorescence and nutrient accumulation of host plant Haloxylon ammodendron in the Taklimakan Desert. Journal of Arid Land 4(3): 342-348.

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