Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 26 March 2018


Accepted Name:

Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 129 (1895) (Beck, 1930: 39, "1895"; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, "1897"; HUH - Databases, "teil IV, abt. 3b, 1895")

Basionymum / Basionym:

Phelypaea fissa C.A. Mey. in Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831 [Nov-Dec 1831]) (Reuter, 1847: 12, sub P. fissa)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Grossh. in Trud. Geobot. Obsl. Pastb. S. S. R. Azerb., Baku (Trans. Geobot. Invest. Pasturelands, Azerb.) Ser. A. No. 5 (1930) (IK, view IPNI entry), nom. superfl.

Cistanche fissa var. genuina Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 39 (1930) ["Var. α. genuina"], nom. illeg.

Orobanche salsa var. ambigua f. fissa (C.A. Mey.) Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225[-226] (1887) [Trudy Imperatorskago S.-Peterburgskago Botaniceskago Sada. Acta horti petropolitani], nom. illeg. Herbarium Specimens: "Orobanche Salsa (C.A. Mey.) m. [Kuntze] / v. ambigua (Bge) m. [Kuntze] / v. fissa (C.A. Mey.) m. [Kuntze] / Herbarium Otto Kuntze. / 478 Turkmenien V 86 [May 1886]" (NY 00312479 - Kuntze 478). Obs. "C [Calycis] l. [lobi] v. [vetusti] inaequilongi, 1-2 majores (sp. Bge.)    f. 3 fissa O. Ktze."

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Heterotypic synonyms:

?  = Phelypaea ambigua Bunge in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 7: 429 (1851). Syn.: Orobanche salsa var. ambigua (Bunge) Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225 (1887); Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930); = Phelypaea trivalvis Trautv. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 467 (1877) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]; Gilli, 1979: 287); = Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Korsh. in Zap. Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd.: 6 (1896); = Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 336 (1936) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]). Herbarium Specimen: Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Каракумы (Туркмения) [Central Asia and Kazakhstan, the Karakum (Turkmenia)] MW 0877613

? = Phelypaea trivalvis Trautv. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 467 (1877) (Bornmüller, 1936: 337). Syn.: Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Korsh. in Zap. in Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd.: 6 (1896); Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 37 (1930), nom. superfl.; ? = Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]; Gilli, 1979: 287). Ind. loc.: "In Turkomania [Turkmenistan], prope Krasnowodsk [Türkmenbaşy / Turkmenbashi / Krasnovodsk / Красноводск / Kyzyl-Su]" et in insula Tscheleken [Cheleken Peninsula / Челекен полуостров] (B. [Becker])" (Trautvetter, 1877: 467). Obs. "lobis ... lanuginoso ciliatis" [see C. salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck]

? = Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Korsh. in Zap. in Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd.: 6 (1896) (IK, view IPNI entry; Beck, 1930: 37). Syn.: Phelypaea trivalvis Trautv. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 467 (1877); = Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]; Gilli, 1979: 287)

= Cistanche sintenisii Beck ex Bornm. in Bull. Herb. Boissier Ser. 2(4): 686 (1904). Syn: Cistanche fissa var. sintenisii Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) (IK, view IPNI entry; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 23[30]); = Cistanche fissa var. barbata Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930)

? = Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 37 (1930), nom. superfl. Syn.: Phelypaea trivalvis Trautv. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 467 (1877)

? = Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930). Syn.: Phelypaea ambigua Bunge in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 7: 429 (1851); = Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 336 (1936)

? = Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 336 (1936). Syn.: = Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck (1930) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 24[28]; Gilli, 1976; Gilli, 1979: 287-288, 290; Schischkin, 2000; Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 96)

? = Cistanche bamianica Ataei [in sched.]. Ind. loc.: Afghanistan: Bamyan. Herbarium Specimens: Doab [Do Ab, Bamiyan], Meinertzhagen!" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, sub C. fissa); Cistanche fissa var. genuina Beck [sub Cistanche bamianica Ataei, det. Najibeh Ataei] / North Afghanistan: [Do Ab, Bamiyan], alt. 5700 ft. / leg. Richard Meinertzhagen / 01.05.1937 / det. Alexander Gilli (BM 000606293 and Gbif 1056259801)

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? = Orobanche salsa var. ambigua (Bunge) Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225 (1887) ["δ ambigua O. Ktze."]. Syn.: Phelypaea ambigua Bunge in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 7: 429 (1851)

= Phelypaea trivalvis var. lanuginosa Lipsky in Zap. Kievsk. Obsh. Estestv. 11(2): 16 (1891) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 23[30])

= Cistanche fissa var. sintenisii Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) ["Var. β. Sintenisii"]. Syn: Cistanche sintenisii Beck ex Bornm. in Bull. Herb. Boissier Ser. 2(4): 686 (1904) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 23[30])

= Cistanche fissa var. barbata Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) (Beck, 1930: 40, "in schedis"), nom. illeg. Syn: = Cistanche fissa var. sintenisii Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930)

= Orobanche salsa var. ambigua f. longiloba Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225[-226] (1887) [Trudy Imperatorskago S.-Peterburgskago Botaniceskago Sada. Acta horti petropolitani]. Herbarium Specimens: "Orobanche salsa (C.A. Mey) / var. ambigua m. / f. longiloba m. / Turkmenien V.86 [May 1886] / Herbarium Otto Kuntze." (NY 00312480)

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Ind. loc.: "Prope Baku [Bakı / Баку, Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан]" (Meyer, 1831: 104); "in provinciis caucasicis (pr. Baku (C.A. Meyer)...)" (Ledebour, 1849: 314; Aghababyan, 2013: 135).

Typus / Type: "Azerbaijan (LE)" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 24[31]); "Typus: Prope Baku [Bakı / Баку, Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан], C.A. Mey., LE!" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22); "Herb. Acad. Petrop. / N. 898 / Phelipaea fissa C.A. M. / Fl. Caucas. legit C.A. Meyer 1829. 1830. // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02970922; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018, type of P. fissa?).

Designated by: Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22.

Host: Parasitic on small shrubs of the family Chenopodiaceae [e.g., Salsola aucheri (Moq.) Bunge ex Iljin] and Compositae [Artemisia sp.] (Beck, 1930: 39, sub C. fissa; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 24[31]); Compositae [Artemisia sp.] (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon, 2008: 97). The host plants need to be confirmed by further studies.

Comments:

Related Species:

Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930). Syn.: Phelypaea ambigua Bunge in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 7: 429 (1851); Orobanche salsa var. ambigua (Bunge) Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225 (1887); ? = Phelypaea trivalvis Trautv. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 467 (1877) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]; Gilli, 1979: 287); ? = Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Korsh. in Zap. Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd.: 6 (1896); ? = Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 336 (1936) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 23[28]). Ind. loc.: "Hab. Lehmsteppe in der Wüste Kisil-kum [Kyzyl Kum / Qizilqum / Қызылқұм, Balkan, Turkmenistan] 20. April 1842." (Bunge, 1851: 429); "In desertis argillosis prope Kisil Kum [Kyzyl Kum / Qizilqum / Қызылқұм, Balkan, Turkmenistan] in Turkestan [Turkistan] (Lehmann!)" (Beck, 1930: 40); "Described from Kyzyl Kum desert. Type in Paris (?), topotype in Leningrad" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 24[29]). Ic.: Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 30[37] t. 3 f. 1; "Часть соцветия. Западный Казахстан, плато Аккерегешин [West Kazakhstan, plateau of Akkeregeshin] 45 км NO п. Кульсары. 03.05.2013." (photos [186559, 186558] by Евгений Комаров, 2013; растение определил(а) Андрей Ковальчук in Plantarium [sub Cistanche ambigua]; accessed Jan 2015). Host-plants: "Parasitic on species of saxaul (Haloxylon Bge.), possibly also on other Chenopodiaceae" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 24[29]); "Calligonum (Polygonaceae)" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon, 2008: 97). Obs. "Nec Boissier neque autor specimen huius plantae vidit, quae Cistanchi fissae proxima vel identica esse videtur" (Beck, 1930: 40, sub C. ambigua); "corolla ... more or less hairy ... often along edges of lobes too" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 24[29]); conspecific (Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010); see Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck and Cistanche deserticola Ma. Herbarium Specimen: "Phelypaea ambigua / Alexandri Lehmann / reliquiae botanicae. / Lehmsteppe / Kisil-Kum // Al. Bunge" (P 02970944 - hb. E. Cosson; type of Phelypaea ambigua).

Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 336, t. 215 (1936). Syn.: ? = Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck (1930) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 24[28]; Gilli, 1976; Gilli, 1979: 287-288, 290; Schischkin, 2000; Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon, 2008: 96). Ind. loc.: Iran: "Khorasan: „Dünen um die Große Kawir [Dasht-e Kavir / Kavir-e Namak / Great Salt Desert]." — Die Sammelstelle der drei vorhandenen, gut präparierten Belegstücke ist „Big-e Djinn" im Süden der Provinz Djandak-Biyabanak [Jandaq Rural District-Khur and Biabanak County, Isfahan Province], in 950 m Seehöhe (10. bis 12. IV. 1933; no. 90): „Blütenfarbe blaß violett. Nähr­ pflanze Tamariske" (Bornmüller, 1936: 336-337); Persia (Bornmüller, 1936, Khorassan, Iran) (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon, 2008: 96). Herbarium Specimen: "Flora Pers. bor. or. / Herbarium J. Bornmüller / Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. / (sect. Eucistanche) / [Iran (Islamic Republic of): Khorassan Province] auf Dünen der "großen Kawin" / 1933 leg. D.r [A.] Gabriel [s.n.] Determ. J. Bornmüller" (B 10 0264802; lectotype) (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 99); Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Каракумы (Туркмения) [Central Asia and Kazakhstan, the Karakum (Turkmenia)] (MW 0877613; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018 [cf. Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm.]).

Cistanche sintenisii Beck ex Bornm. in Bull. Herb. Boissier Ser. 2(4): 686 (1904). Syn: Cistanche fissa var. sintenisii Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) (IK, view IPNI entry; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 23[30]); = Cistanche fissa var. barbata Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930), in sched. Ind. loc.: "Turkomania, in planitie prope Chodschakala; 14. Majo 1901, leg. Sintenis, Exsicc. n. 1864!)" (Bornmüller, 1904: 686). Herbarium Specimens: Types: "P. Sintenis: / Iter transcaspico-persicum 1900-1901. / N.º 1864 / Cistanche Sintenisii G. v. Beck nov. spec. / Regio transcaspica; Chodschakala [Turkmenistan / Türkmenistan]: / in steppiis arenosis, in radice Artemisiae parasit / 14.V.1901. / determ. G. v. Beck" (L 0003350 - No: 950356 754; G 00383269 - n° SIB 287297/1; B 10 0264823). Obs. "Corolla alba ... laciniae 5, suborbiculares, intus et in margine copiose lanato-villosae ... Ad Artemisiae cuiusdam radices" (Beck, 1930: 40, sub Var. β. Sintenisii); "distinguished by the more dense pubescence of the corolla lobes..." (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 24[31]).

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, Beck, 1930: 39 f. 7; b, Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 30[37] t. 3 f. 3; c, Xin, L.Y. [liu ying xin], 1992: 189 f. 73 (7-9); d, types of C. sintenisii: L 0003350 - No: 950356 754; G 00383269; B 10 0264823; e, type of Orobanche salsa var. ambigua f. fissa NY 00312479 - Kuntze 478; Fl. Des. Reip. Pop. Sinarum 1992: 189 t. 74 f. 7-9.

Distribution: "Armenia-Kurdistania, Iran" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958[2000]: 24[31], sub C. fissa); "Caucasia, Armenia, Kurdistania, Persia, Turcomania, Afghania" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, sub C. fissa).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Afghanistan /  افغانستان / Afġānistān / Afganistán (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, sub C. fissa; Podlech, 2012: 246, sub C. fissa)

Bamyan: "Afghania: C: Bamian [Bamyan / Bamiyan]: 15 km W Doab [Do Ab / Do Abe / Do ab-E Mikh-E Zarrin], 1450 m, Hdg. & Wdb. 3427. Doab [Do Ab, Bamiyan], Meinertzhagen!" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, sub C. fissa); Cistanche fissa var. genuina Beck [sub Cistanche bamianica Ataei, det. Najibeh Ataei] / North Afghanistan: [Do Ab, Bamiyan], alt. 5700 ft. / leg. Richard Meinertzhagen / 01.05.1937 / det. Alexander Gilli (BM 000606293 and Gbif 1056259801); "Distr.: Bam" (Podlech, 2012: 246, sub C. fissa).

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Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien / Arménie / Армения [need be confirmed] (Grossgejm, 1934 et 1949; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, sub C. fissa; Zaturjan & Grigorjan, 1987; Aghababyan, 2013: 133)

Ararat Province: "appears to have been first recorded for the Erevan region in Armenia by Grossgejm (1934)" (Aghababyan, 2013: 135); "In Armenia it occurs only in Yerevan (surroundings of Ararat)" (Herbarium of the Institute of Botany of NAS of Armenia. References: Tsaturyan T.G., Grigoryan S.B., 1987 [Zaturjan & Grigorjan, 1987]. Compiler: G.M. Fayvush; accessed Oct 2013); "Cistanche fissa. – I have studied the following specimens collected in the area of study, in the Arax River valley (Armenian part only): v 5 km na sev.-vost. ot sel. Dašlu, 800-900 m nad u. m. frigana pologikh juznyh smytyh sklonah [5 km N-W of village Dašlu, 800-900 a.s.l., low phrygana, south-facing eroded slopes], 25.5.1955, Aslanjan & Karapetjan (ERE 58872, det. Cvelev [Tzvelev]); Vedinskij r-n [Vedi raion was renamed Ararat raion], Arazdajan [Yeraskh / Arazdayan], zasolennye počvy [Vedi province, Arazdajan, salty soils], 28.5.1954, Barsegjan (ERE 29137)." (Aghababyan, 2013: 133).

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaïdjan (Meyer, 1831: 104, loc. class. of P. fissa; Ledebour, 1849: 314, sub P. fissa; Beck, 1930: 39, sub C. fissa; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, sub C. fissa)

Baku / Баку (city): "Herb. Acad. Petrop. / N. 898 / Phelipaea fissa C.A. M. / Fl. Caucas. legit C.A. Meyer 1829. 1830. // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02970922; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018, type of P. fissa?); "Prope Baku [Bakı / Баку]" (Meyer, 1831: 104, loc. class. of P. fissa); "In Caucaso ad radices..." (Reuter, 1847: 12, sub P. fissa); "in provinciis caucasicis (pr. Baku [Bakı / Баку, Absheron Peninsula / Abşeron yarımadası] (C.A. Meyer)...)" (Ledebour, 1849: 314, loc. class. of Cistanche fissa); "Baku!: Im Kreise Schemachu bei Dhenga (Petunikow); bei Station Sumgait (Alexeenko); Karadagska (Milskaja, Medwedow); Ach-su (Schelkownikow); Alat (Lipsky)." (Beck, 1930: 39, sub C. fissa); "Baku: bei Alat (Lipsky!) im Mai" (Beck, 1930: 40, sub C. fissa var. sintenisii); "Typus: Prope Baku [Absheron / Abşeron], C.A. Mey., LE!" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, sub C. fissa); "Cistanche fissa, originally described from around Baku on the Caspian coast of E Azerbaijan (Meyer 1831)" (Aghababyan, 2013: 135).

Yevlakh Rayon / Евлахский район: "Цветущее растение на загипсованной почве пустыни в нижнем поясе. Азербайджан, Евлахский р-н [Yevlakh / Yevlax], хребет Ахарбахар [Aharbahar Ridge]. 18.04.2010" (photo 53221 and photo 53222 [Цветущее растение с растением-хозяином (Artemisia sp.)] by Юрий Пирогов [Yuri Pirogov], 2010 in Plantarium; accessed Oct 2013).

Ganja / Гянджа (city): "Jelisawetpol [Elisabethpol Governorate / Елизаветпольская губерния]! bei Jelisawetpol [Elisabethpol / Elizavetpol / Jelisawetpol / Ganja / Kirovabad] (Pichler); am Flusse Kur [Kura river / Mt'k'vari / Kür / Kurdish] (Hohenacker nach Ledebour); in der Flora Areschensis bei Boz Dar, Ogrudcsa, Geok Tara, Omkos, Buhopodhuk (A. Schelkownikow)" (Beck, 1930: 39, sub C. fissa); "Jelisawetpol [Elisabethpol Governorate]: bei Boz Dar, Ogrudcsa im April (Schelkownikow)" (Beck, 1930: 40, sub C. fissa var. sintenisii).

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Caucasus / Caucasia / Cáucaso / Caucase / Кавказo

Transcaucasia / South Caucasus (Armenia?, Azerbaijan, Georgia?)

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Georgia / Sakartvelo / Georgien / Géorgie [needs be confirmed]

Tbilisi: "Tiflis [Tbilisi]: bei Karajasy (Medwjedew!)" (Beck, 1930: 39, sub C. fissa).

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Iran / Irán / Persia / Persien (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, sub C. fissa; Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon, 2008: 99)

Semnan: "Semnan: Shahrud, Ahmad Abad, Rechinger 50654" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon, 2008: 99).

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Kyrgyzstan / Кыргызстан / Киргизстан / Kirguistán / Kirgisistan / Kirgiziya [unconfirmed]

West Kazakhstan Region / Батыс Қазақстан облысы: "Часть соцветия. Западный Казахстан, плато Аккерегешин [West Kazakhstan, plateau of Akkeregeshin, Zhylyoi District] 45 км NO п. Кульсары. 03.05.2013." (photos 186559 and 186558 by Евгений Комаров, 2013; растение определил(а) Андрей Ковальчук in Plantarium [sub Cistanche ambigua]; accessed Jan 2015).

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Turkmenistan / Türkmenistan / Turkmenia / Туркмения / Turkmenien / Turcomannia (Trautvetter, 1877: 467, loc. class. of Phelypaea trivalvis; Bornmüller, 1904: 686, loc. class. of C. Sintenisii; Beck, 1930: 39, sub C. fissa; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, sub C. fissa)

Balkan welaýaty / Балкан велаяты: "In Turkomania, prope Krasnowodsk [Türkmenbaşy / Turkmenbashi / Krasnovodsk / Красноводск / Kyzyl-Su]" et in insula Tscheleken [Cheleken Peninsula / Челекен полуостров] (B. [Becker])" (Trautvetter, 1877: 467, loc. class. of Phelypaea trivalvis); "Orobanche Salsa (C.A. Mey.) m. [Kuntze] / v. ambigua (Bge) m. [Kuntze] / v. fissa (C.A. Mey.) m. [Kuntze] / Herbarium Otto Kuntze. / 478 Turkmenien V 86 [May 1886]" (NY 00312479 - Kuntze 478; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013, holotype of O. salsa var. ambigua f. fissa); "Orobanche salsa (C.A. Mey) / var. ambigua m. / f. longiloba m. / Turkmenien V.86 [May 1886] / Herbarium Otto Kuntze." (NY 00312480; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013, holotype of O. salsa var. ambigua f. longiloba); "P. Sintenis: / Iter transcaspico-persicum 1900-1901. / N.º 1541 / Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck / Regio transcaspica: Krasnowodsk / in arenosis ad Ufra. / 21.IV.1901 / determ. G. v. Beck." (P 02983474 - Sintenis 1541; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to C. salsa, this can be distinguished for their bracts and bracteoles which are densely woolly-hairy on throughout the surface (not only along edges) and corolla-lobes glabrous at edges and inner side]); "Transcaspia: Krasnowodsk [Türkmenbaşy / Turkmenbashi / Krasnovodsk / Красноводск / Kyzyl-Su], in arenosis ad Ufra [N 40° 0' 29'' E 53° 3' 26'']; 21. IV. 1901 (leg. Sintenis, iter Transcaspico-turcicum, n. 1541). — Sintenis notierte dazu : Höhe 2-3 Fuss, bis 2 Kilo schwer; Blüten weiss mit dunkelblauem Saume; wird als Gemüse gegessen." (Bornmüller, 1904: 686); "P. Sintenis: / Iter transcaspico-persicum 1900-1901. / N.º 1864 / Cistanche Sintenisii G. v. Beck nov. spec. / Regio transcaspica; Chodschakala: / in steppiis arenosis, in radice Artemisiae parasit / 14.V.1901. / determ. G. v. Beck" (L 0003350 - No: 950356 754; G 00383269; B 10 0264823 [C. fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck, det. Najibeh Ataei 05.2014], types of C. Sintenisii); "Turkomania, in planitie prope Chodschakala; 14. Majo 1901, leg. Sintenis, Exsicc. n. 1864!)" (Bornmüller, 1904: 686, loc. class. of C. Sintenisii); "Turkmenien: bei Krasnowodsk [Türkmenbaşy / Turkmenbashi / Krasnovodsk / Красноводск / Kyzyl-Su] (Lipsky); Ufra [N 40° 0' 29'' E 53° 3' 26''] (Sintenis n. 1541 ! [P 02983474 - Sintenis 1541; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013, the specimens seem to correspond to C. salsa]); Chodschakala [Khodzhakala] (β. Sintenisii)" (Beck, 1930: 39, sub C. fissa); "Turkmenia: in der Ebene bei Chodschakala im Mai 1901 (Sintenis, Exs. n. 1864!)" (Beck, 1930: 40, loc. class. of "Var. β. Sintenisii"); "In desertis argillosis prope Kisil Kum [Kyzyl Kum / Qizilqum / Қызылқұм] in Turkestan [Turkistan] (Lehmann!)" (Beck, 1930: 40, loc. class. of C. ambigua); "Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Копетдаг, Бадхыз, Малый и Большой Балхан (Туркмения) [Central Asia and Kazakhstan, Kopet Dag, Badkhyz (Mary and Akhal Provinces), Maly and Bolshoy Balkhan (Turkomania)]" (MW 0877639 [Cistanche sintenisii G. Beck, 9.V.1952], MW0877640 [30.VI.1931, N.º 303, Cistanche sintenisii G. Beck, VII.1949 Det. Novopokrovsky] et MW 0877641 [Cistanche sintenisii G. Beck, 9.V.1952]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); Средняя Азия и Казахстан [Central Asia and Kazakhstan], Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic [Түркменистан ССР], 17/4-1962 (MW 0877611; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018, C. sintenisii); "Turcomania: In planitie prope Khodzhakala, Sint. 1864!)" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 22, sub C. fissa [loc. class. of C. Sintenisii]); "Цветущее растение (слева - Salsola aucheri). Туркменистан, СЗ Копетдаг, окр. ур. Секизхан [Turkmenistan Kopetdag NW, env. lv. Sekizhan (near Serdar / Gyzylarbat)], глинистая почва. 05.05.2015" (photo 313584 by Александр Павленко2015 in Plantarium accessed Sep 2015); "Бутонизирующее растение (питающее растение [host] - Salsola richteri). Туркменистан, зап. часть хр. Кюрендаг [Khrebet Kyurendag (Kopetdag mountains), Balkan Province], холмогорья Гызылджабайыр [Gyzyldzhabyyr], каменисто-щебнистое дно оврага. 26.04.2017." (photo 507377 by Александр Павленко [Alexander Pavlenko], 2017, растение определил(а) Владислав Григоренко [Vladislav Grigorenko] in Plantarium accessed Mar 2018).

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