Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Key - Specimens Examined - References - Authors  - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 9 February 2024


Accepted Name:

Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout., Fl. Portugal: 571 (1913) (Moreno Moral, Sánchez Pedraja & Piwowarczyk 2018: 23-24)

Basionymum / Basionym:

Lathraea phelypaea L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753) (Brotero 1804: 184; Moreno Moral, Sánchez Pedraja & Piwowarczyk 2018: 23-24)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Phelypaea lusitanica, flore luteo Tournef., Corollarium: 47 (1703) ["Phaelypaea ... cor. 47."], pre-Linnaean name, not validly published (Linnaeus 1753: 606; Nicolson 1975: 651; Guimarães 1904: 190)

Orobanche phelypaea (L.) Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 71 (1825) [nom. illeg.], non Orobanche phelypaea M. Bieb., Beschreib. Land Casp.: 179[-180] (1800) nec Orobanche phelypaea Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 352[-353] (1800). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "In Lusitania [Portugal] (Tournef.! Langsdorf)".

Phelypaea lusitanica Coss., Notes Pl. Crit.: 43 (1849 [15 Dec 1849]) ["Phelipaea lusitanica Tournef."] [syn. excl., p.p.]. Syn.: Cistanche lusitanica (Coss.) J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 190 (1904). Ind. loc.: Spain: "In arenosis maritimis insulae S. Fernando prope Gades [San Fernando, Gades / Cádiz] in radicibus Atriplicis portulacoidis [Atriplex portulacoides L. Halimione portulacoides (L.) Aellen] parasitica ! (E. Bourgeau, 1849, 11ª die Martii, pl. Esp. n. 371)" (Cosson 1849: 43). Herbarium Specimens: "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d'Espagne, 1849. / 371. Phelipaea Lusitanica, Tournef. / Lathraea phelypaea L. / Ph. tinctoria, Walp. - Brot. phyt. Lus. t. 16. / (Coss.) / Sables maritimes de l'île San Fernando près Cadiz, parasite / sur l'Atriplex portulacoides  11 Mars." (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04608113 - P 04608113.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/667638762 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/0BC9011279CA45889A90F6C5C467B886; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011)

Cistanche lusitanica (Coss.) J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 190 (1904) ["Guim. (Tourn.)"] [syn. excl., p.p.], nom. illeg. [pro. syn. ("cited as a synonym", Art. 52.1 et 52.2 ICBN)]. Syn.: Phelypaea lusitanica Coss., Notes Pl. Crit.: 43 (1849). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in ripis paludosis salsisque, et in arenosis maritimis, parasita Chenopodiacearum ... Hispania et regnum Marrocanum" (Guimarães 1904: 191). Obs. "Obs. Tournefort primus hanc speciem Phelipaeam lusitanicam appellavit. Postea Desfontaines in Flora Atlantica descripsit et pinxit Phelipaeam luteam, quae a nostra satis differt scapo parce squamoso, squamis ovato-acuminatis, in margine non membranaceis, calicis laciniis haud imbricatis, et corollis minus genuflexis"

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Cistanche tinctoria f. lusitanica (Coss.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 31 (1930) ["Foma 1. lusitanica (Guimarães). Phelypaea lusitanica Coss. apud Willkomm ..."] (ICN Art 41). Syn.: Phelypaea lusitanica Coss., Notes Pl. Crit.: 43 (1849).

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Cistanche phelypaea subsp. naviculata Ataei in Molec. Syst. Evol. Cistanche: 65[-66] (2017) [unpublished thesis is not effective publication (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 29-31 (Art. 6.1))]. Herbarium Specimens: "Type: Morocco. Rabat-Sale-Zemmour-Zaer: Rabat, Marais, Bouregreg, Sea level, 14 March 1980, Lewalle 9232 (holotype BM barcode BM000598617)" (Ataei 2017: 65[-66], loc. class. of C. phelypaea subsp. naviculata); "Tavira: Cabanas [Cabanas de Tavira], Ilha de Cabanas, 2 April 1997, Sales & Hedge 97/9 (E)" (Ataei 2017: 65[-66], loc. class. of C. phelypaea subsp. naviculata).

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Misapplied names:

Orobanche tinctoria Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 353 (1800) [p.p.], nom. illeg., non Orobanche tinctoria Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 112 (1775) nec. Orobanche tinctoria Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2: 70 (1791). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Lusitania, Barbaria, Arabia". Obs. only the Portugal's specimens.

Cistanche lutea sensu Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Portug. 1: 319[-320], t. 63 (1813), non Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Portug. 1: 319 (1813) nec Phelypaea lutea Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 61, t. 146 (1798). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Fréquente dans les sables près de Lisbonne [Lisboa] de l’autre côté du Tage, sutout entre Setuval et Comporta. Elle croit ordinairement sur les Cistes [he probably mistook the true host]". Ic.: habit [sub "Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link" (Anthos, accessed Mar 2007)]

Phelypaea tinctoria sensu Brotero, Phytogr. Lusit. Select. 1: 36[-38] t. 16 (1816), non Phelypaea tinctoria (Forssk.) Brotero, Phytogr. Lusit. Select. 1: 36[-38] (1816) nec Orobanche tinctoria Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 112 (1775). Syn.: = Lathraea phelypaea L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753) (Reuter 1847: 13, sub P. tinctoria). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Hab. in dumetis arenosis trans Tagum salsum, praesertim inter Alfeite et Seixal [Setúbal District], radicum sibi vicinarum parasita. Floret Aprili, Maio."

Phelypaea tinctoria sensu Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3: 462 (1844-1845 [12-14 Sep 1844]) ("[excl. syn Forsk. Vahl et Dsfnt.] Wlprs. ms."), non Phelypaea tinctoria (Forssk.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3: 462 (1844-1845 [12-14 Sep 1844]). Syn.: = Lathraea phelypaea L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753) (Reuter 1847: 13, sub P. tinctoria). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Crescit in Lusitania [Portugal]"

Phelypaea tinctoria sensu Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 13 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]) [p.p.], non Orobanche tinctoria Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 112 (1775). Obs. only the specimens of the Iberian Peninsula.

Phelypaea lutea sensu Pers., Syn. Pl. 2(1): 181 (1806 [Nov 1806]); G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 633 (1838 [8 Mar-8 Apr 1838]) et auct. pl. [p.p.], non Phelypaea lutea Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 61, t. 146 (1798)

Phelypaea tinctoria sensu Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 13 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]) et auct. pl. [p.p. max.], non Orobanche tinctoria Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 112 (1775)

Phelypaea lusitanica Willk. in Willk. & Lange. Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2(3): 630 (1870)] et auct. pl. [p.p. max.]. Obs. Only the detailed description and the Iberian records

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Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Lusitaniae [Lusitania / Portugal] umbrosis".

Neotypus / Neotype: 1. "Museum Parisiense / Herbarium Tournefortianum N.º 6443". 2. "Orobanche elegantissima verna / flores luteo virid. Lusit. Grisley". 3. "Herb. Mus. Paris. / Phelipaea foliata Lamb. / Cistanche lutea Hoffmgg. / et Link.". 4. "Neotype de / Lathraea phelypaea L. / in Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753)" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00680331 - P 00680331.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1019559416 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/D86BA5D999D94B36B25CFB51022C6025; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011). "(P-Tournefort n.º 6443, photo!) ... Libon estuary [Lisboa / Lisbon, Portugal]" (Foley 2001: 229-230).

Designated by: M.J.Y. Foley in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 58: 229 (2001).

Host: Parasitic on Chenopodiaceae [especially on Arthrocnemum macrostachyum (Moric.) Moris (f. Pujadas), Sarcocornia fruticosa (L.) A.J. Scott (f. Pujadas), Suaeda fruticosa Forsk.= Suaeda vera Forssk. ex J.F. Gmel.! (f. Welwitsch, Guimarães, Merino)]. It was also cited on other families [unconfirmed, probably mistaken for Chenopodiaceae species] (Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009).

Comments:

Taxonomic observations: "these two taxa to be clearly different and indicated that specific rank is justified for both, C. phelypaea and C. lutea" (Moreno Moral, Sánchez Pedraja & Piwowarczyk 2018: 23). "Cistanche lutea has been considered conspecific with C. phelypaea by Beck 1930 (sub C. tinctoria) and, more recently, by Rix & Webb 1972, Foley 2001a, 2001b, and Domina & Raab-Straube 2010+ [C. phelypaea in Euro+Med PlantBase (accessed Nov 2008)]. Others have separated the two taxa only at subspecific level (Fernández Casas & Laínz 1973, [Valdés (1987: 558 f. 1, sub C. phelypaea subsp. phelypaea)], Pujadas 2002, Piwowarczyk & al. 2016)." (Moreno Moral, Sánchez Pedraja & Piwowarczyk 2018: 23).

Morphological observation: "port singulier, suelte et élegant ... sur le borde de la mer, entre les dunes sur les sables profonds" (Hoffmanns. & Link 1813: 320, t. 63, sub Cistanche lutea); "Differt ... squamisque ovatis margine mambranaceis nitido ... corolla ... genu flexa" (Willkomm 1870: 630, sub Phelypaea lusitanica Tourn.).

Chromosomatic number: n = 20 (Gardé 1951, Portugal), 2n = 40 (Schneeweiss & al. 2004).

Ic.: a, illustration with analysis, type of "Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link" (Anthos, accessed Mar 2007); b, illustration with analysis, type of Phelypaea tinctoria sensu Brot. (1816); c, SALA 2195 (terra class., Faro, Portugal); d, inflorescence (Isla de la Toja; Spain); e, scale leaves (middle and upper part) (ib.); f, bracts (ib.); g, twosome flowers (ib.); h, terra class., Faro, Portugal (P 04410176 - hb. B. de Retz 66666); i, terra class., rio Tejo / ríoTajo, Alfeite, Portugal (P 04608126 - hb. E. Cosson; P 03996052); j, Cádiz, Spain (P 04608109 - hb. E. Drake; P 04608117; P 04608119 - hb. Di. Guillemin. 1842); k, Sables de Troia, Portugal (P 04608127 - hb. E. Drake; P 04608129).

Distribution: Mediterranean Region distribution [endemic to west coast of the Iberian Peninsula]; Iberian Peninsula distribution.

An Illustrated Key to Iberian Peninsula Species of Cistanche (Orobanchaceae):

-- Plants usually relatively ± graceful. Leaves ovate, with wide scarious margin; greenish brown or brown, rarely yellowish. Inflorescence lax or dense spike. Bracts ovate and ± equalling calyx. Bracteoles shorter than calyx. Corolla always entirely bright yellow; corolla-tube strongly curved in anthesis. Approximate distribution in Mediterranean Region; distribution in the Iberian Peninsula  ..........................................................................................  Cistanche phelypaea

-- Plants usually robust [yellow and purple-flowered forms]. Leaves ovate-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, with narrow scarious margin; pale brown, dark brown, greenish brown, dark bluish green, greyish or yellowish. Inflorescence very dense spike. Bracts ovate-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate longer than calyx. Bracteoles ± equalling calyx. Corolla entirely bright yellow, whitish or light yellowish with ± bright yellow folds and with or without purplish lobes; corolla-tube gradually or ± strongly curved in anthesis. Approximate distribution in Mediterranean Region; distribution in the Iberian Peninsula  ..........................................................................................  Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link [Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz (1973)]

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Morocco / المغرب‎, / Marruecos / Maroc / Marokko [need to be confirmed, see C. lutea] (Willkomm 1870: 630, sub P. lusitanica; Guimarães 1904: 191, sub C. lusitanica; Ataei 2017: 63, sub C. phelypaea; Ataei 2017: 65[-66], loc. class. of C. phelypaea subsp. naviculata)

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Portugal (Linnaeus 1753: 606, loc. class. of Lathraea phelypaea L.; Willkomm 1870: 630, sub Phelypaea lusitanica; Guimarães 1904: 192, sub C. lusitanica; Ataei 2017: 65[-66], terra class. of C. phelypaea subsp. naviculata)

Algarve Region

Algarve (Ag): "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d'Espagne et de Portugal, 1853. / 2013. Phelipaea lusitanica, Tournef. Coss. / pl. crit. / Ph. tinctoria, Walp. / Lathraea Phelipaea, L. — Brot. phyt. Lus. t. 16 / (Coss.) / Marais salé à Tavira [Faro District], Algarve. / 16 avril." (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04608118 - P 04608118.jpg - hb. E. Drake - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/667638767 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/7D66C9E2C520494084B68CF9E8F56451; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2016); "Algarb. pr. Tavira, Bourg.!" (Willkomm 1870: 630, sub Phelypaea lusitanica); "lusit. a. 1853. 2013 [Bourgeau] (Algarb.) (Nyman 1881: 556, sub P tinctoria); 1. "N.º 214 / Phelippaea lutea / In maritimis pr. Portimão [Faro District] / ... [Villanova de Portimão, leg. Deveau]". 2. "... / prope Portimão / ... Junio 1847" (P 04608124; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2016); "cercanías de Tavira (Bourg.), Lagos, Villanova de Portimão (Deveau)" (Colmeiro 1888: 273, sub P. lusitanica); "Tavira (exsicc., n.° 2013, Bourgeau!); arredores de Faro: ilhotes arenosos da Arabia (parasita da Obione portulacoides Moq., Soc. Brot., n.° 1032, A. Guimarães!, José Brandeiro!; Ludo (A. Guimarães!); Silves [Faro District] (Tournefort); Portimão (Tourn., parasita da Suaeda fruticosa Forsk., e da Salsola vermiculata L., Welwitsch!, A. Guimarães!; Lagos [Faro District] (Tourn., A. Moller!)" (Guimarães 1904: 192); "Plantes d'Espagne F. Sennen / N.º 2486 / Lathraea Phelypaea L. / Phelypaea lusitanica Coss. / Portugal: Portianao [Portimão, Faro District]. / 1915-IV Leg. G. Sampaio" (SLA 042362 - hb. Coste; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); "Faro, Lagos, Tavira" (Gandoger 1917: 274, sub P. tinctoria); 1. "Ex Dupla / Plantae Lusitaniae / ex Herbario Stationis Agronomicae Nationalis / Cistanche Phelypaea (L.) P. Cout. / Det. P. Silva & A.N. Teles / Prov. Algarve    Faro   17.6.69[1969] / Ilha de Faro, nos salgadicos. / CMP 610 / ao nivel do mar / 1968, Abr. 23  Leg. P. Silva & A.N. Teles N.º 8018". 2. "Ex Herbario / Stationis Agronomicae / Nationalis (Portugal) / N.º 71102" (P 04410176 - hb. B. de Retz 66666; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Faro, (Portugal) / En el Estuario / 23 de Abril de 1968 / Leg. et Det. Bellot et Casaseca (SALA 2195; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2010); "Pinheiro ... Livramento" (Costa & al., 1996: 88, q. 3); "Quinta de Marim ... Torre de Bias" (Costa & al. 1996: 98, q. 8); "Ilha da Barreta; Marim; Quinta do Lago; Sapal dos Gemidos; Marina dos Cavacos; Regueira dos Barcos (Ilha de Armona); Manta Rota; Ribeira dos Mosquiteiros; Ilhéu das Ratas; Torre de Aires" (Costa & al. 1996: 100, q. 9); "Ilha da Armona; Quinta do Lago (Ancão); Ponte de Faro; Pedras d'El Rei (Ilha de Tavira); Ilhéu das Ratas; Torre de Bias; Marim; Marina dos Cavacos" (Costa & al. 1996: 102, q. 10); "Qta. de Marim; Pinheiro; Ilhéu das Ratas" (Costa & al. 1996: 104, q. 11); "Quinta de Marim; Ancão (Quinta do Lago); Sta. Luzia; Pedras d'El Rei (Ilha de Tavira); Cabanas de Tavira (Ribeira do Almargem)" (Costa & al. 1996: 108, q. 13); "Salinas da Fuzeta; Talude do Combóio da Ilha de Tavira; Ilha da Culatra; Cacela" (Costa & al. 1996: 120, q. 18); municipality of Vila Real de Santo António, Guadiana estuary (next to Vila Real de Santo António city, Faro district), 29SPB4115, 1 m, salt marsh, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral, 25.03.2007 (obs.) [numerous specimens]; Algarve, on Salicornia sp., Ch. Thorogood, 1 Jan. 2004 (http://www.flickr.com/photos/23743086@N02/2403237430/, accessed Nov 2010); Loulé, Almancil (Quinta do Lago), April 15, 2007, photo! by Valter Jacinto, accessed Nov 2010); Algarve (C. phelypaea by Jenny Loring); "Vegetation mapping of the Guadiana Estuary" (photo in www.arocha.org); "The specimens shown on this page where photographed in April in the Parque Natural de Rio Formosa in the Algarve region of Portugal" (photos in First-Nature.com; accessed Apr 2015); "Plantae Lusitaniae 1765-7 / ex-Herbario Stationis ad Melioramentum Plantarum / Cistanche Phelypaea (L.) P. Cout. / Det. Leg. Ml-B. [Malato-Beliz] / Algarve: Ilha de Faro: Salgados / 1968, 23 Abril Leg. Malato-Beliz et al. N.º 6138" (O-V2256111; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); "Tavira: Cabanas [Cabanas de Tavira], Ilha de Cabanas, 2 April 1997, Sales & Hedge 97/9 (E)" (Ataei 2017: 65[-66], sub C. phelypaea subsp. naviculata); "Quelfes [37°01'49.6"N 7°48'30.9"W 37.030450, -7.808570], Olhão, 15 Apr 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/187670379 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4431124469 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/xirei, sub Cistanche phelypaea, in iNaturalist; accessed Feb 2024).

Alentejo Region

Alentejo Litoral (BAl): "Herbarium Lusitanicum n.º 1058 / (Provincia de Estrenadura) / J. Daveau / Phelippaea lusitanica Tourn. / Sables de Troia / Mai (1884)" (P 04608127 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (P 04608129; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Villa Nova de Mil Fontes (J. Daveau!) [Vila Nova de Milfontes parish, Odemira municipality, Beja District, Alentejo Region]" (Guimarães 1904: 192, sub C. lusitanica).

Lisbon / Lisboa [Área Metropolitana de Lisboa / Lisbon metropolitan area]

Estremadura (E): 1. "Museum Parisiense / Herbarium Tournefortianum N.º 6443". 2. "Orobanche elegantissima verna / flores luteo virid. Lusit. Grisley". 3. "Herb. Mus. Paris. / Phelipaea foliata Lamb. / Cistanche lutea Hoffmgg. / et Link.". 4. "Neotype de / Lathraea phelypaea L. / in Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753)" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00680331 - P 00680331.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1019559416 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/D86BA5D999D94B36B25CFB51022C6025; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011, neotype of Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout.); 1. "Phelypaea lusitanica, flore luteo / Cor. J. R. H. 47. / herbatio de Vaillant". 2. "Phelipaea lutea Desf. atl. 2. T. 146. / Orobanche tinctoria Wild. / (Desfontaines...)". 3. "Cistanche lutea... / Phelypaea lusitanica Tourn. / Orobanche tinctoria Walps. / Lusitania legit Tournefort" (P 04608128; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2016); "Habitat in Lusitaniae umbrosis" (Linnaeus 1753: 606, loc. class. of Lathraea phelypaea L.); "Orobanche elegantissima verna flores luteo virid. Lusit. Grisley (P-Tournefort n.º 6443, photo!) ... Libon estuary [Lisboa / Lisbon]" (Foley 2001: 229, neotype of Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout.); "Fréquente dans les sables près de Lisbonne [Lisboa / Lisbon, Lisbon District] de l’autre côté du Tage, sutout entre Setuval et Comporta [Setúbal District]. Elle croit ordinairement sur les Cistes [he probably mistook the true host]" (Hoffmannsegg & Link, 1813: 319-320, t. 63, sub C. lutea); "inter Cacilhas [Almada] et Arrabida, praesertim ex Alfeite ad Seixal [Setúbal District], in arenosis" (Brotero, 1804: 184, sub of Lathraea phelypaea L.); "Hab. in dumetis arenosis trans Tagum [rio Tejo / río Tajo] salsum, praesertim inter Alfeite et Seixal [Setúbal District], radicum sibi vicinarum parasita" (Brotero, 1816: 36-38 t. 16, sub Phelypaea tinctoria); "[Phelypaea tinctoria Walp.] Welwitschii iter Lusitanicum. / 72. Phelipaea lutea Desf. / In Estremad. transt. maritimis ad Salsolarum radices parasitica / U. i. 1841.  in Valle de Zebro [Concelho do Barreiro, Distrito de Setúbal] Jun. et Jul. 1840. [Herbarum Steudel]" (P 04608111; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); ibidem [Herb. Al. de Bunge] (P 04608121 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2016); "Crescit in Lusitania" (Walpers 1844-1845: 462, sub Phelypaea tinctoria Walp.); "5 / Welwitsch, plantae Lusitanicae, 1851 / Phelipaea lusitanica Tourn. / (P. tinctoria) / ad Salsolas juxta Tagi littoral / Maio-Jun." (P 04608126 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Lusitaniâ (Welv.! pl. exsicc. n. 72), Bendera trans Tagum (Guthnick!)" (Reuter, 1847: 13, sub Phelypaea tinctoria Walp.); "ad Bendera trans Tagum, Guthn." (Willkomm 1870: 630, sub Phelypaea lusitanica); "Welv. lusit. 72 Lusit. [Lusitaniâ])" (Nyman, 1881: 556, sub P. tinctoria); "entre Casilhas y Arrabida ... desde Alfeite hasta Seixal (Brot.), entre Setúbal y Composta (Hoffm. Link), Bendera al otro lado del Tajo (Guthn.)" (Colmeiro 1888: 273, sub P. lusitanica); "Flora selecta exsiccata / Publuié par Ch. Magnier / 3082. Phelipaea Lusitanica, Tourn. coroll. 47; Coss. / not. pl. crit. 43; Will et Lge prodr. hisp. 2, 630 La- / thraea Phelipaea Brot. fl. lusit. I, 184, et Phyt. t. 16. P. / tinctoria Walp. rep. 3, 462; Nym. consp 556 / Portugal: sur les Salsolacées d'Alfeite [south bank of the Tagus river huge estuary, near the city of Almada] à Ponte / du Matto. / Juin 1892   J. Daveau" (P 03996052; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (SLA 042363 - hb. Coste; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); "Barreiro [Setúbal District], nos areaes maritimos (parasita do Atriplex glaucus L. e da Salsola vermiculata L., FI. lus. exsicc., n.° 72, Welwitsch!, R. da Cunha!); Alfeite, Ponta do Matto [Ponta dos Corvos / Ponta do Mato, Seixal, Setúbal District] (Brotero, Welwitsch!, Daveau!, parasita do Atriplex Halimus L., R. da Cunha!); Seixal (Brotero, juncto da Sueada fruticosa Forsk, Valorado!, Welwitsch!, J. A. d' Almeida Lima!); Arrentela [Setúbal District] (R. da Cunha!); Bendira (?) (Guthnick); entre Setubal e Comporta (parasita dos Cistus (?) Hoffm. et Lk.), proximo de Setubal, Marinha (A. Luisier!), Areaes de Troia [Grândola, Setúbal District] (exsicc., n.° 1058, J. Daveau!)" (Guimarães 1904: 192); "Alfeite" (Gandoger 1917: 274, sub P. tinctoria); Seixal, Setúbal, 1 de mayo, 2008 (C. phelypaea by *L, accessed Nov 2010); "Lisboa, Portugal Lat: 38.76, Long: -8.94, May 10, 2006 " (http://www.projectnoah.org/spottings/8090665 by Raquel Antunes in Project Noah, Oct 2012 [loc. class. of C. phelypaea]).

Norte Region

Beira Litoral (BL) [unconfirmed]: "Oporto [Porto] (Vand.)" (Colmeiro 1888: 273, sub P. lusitanica) [in error, no confirmed by modern records].

Unknown location: "Phelipaea lutea Desf. ... / ... / Cleonia lusitanica Brot / Phelypaea tinctoria Brotero / ... / Herbier A.N. Desvaux / hab. in lusitania, africa, arabia" (P 04392347; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018).

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Spain / España / Espagne / Spanien (Reuter 1847: 13, sub Phelypaea tinctoria; Cosson 1849: 43, sub P. lusitanica; Willkomm 1870: 630, sub P. lusitanica; Merino 1906: 55, sub Cistanche lusitanica; Beck 1930: 31, sub C. tinctoria)

Andalusia / Andalucía

Cádiz (Ca): "Lathraea phelypaea L. / Cistanche / Fl. Portug. / Espagne — CadixM. Chaubaud / 1833" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04608119 - P 04608119.jpg - hb. Di. Guillemin. 1842 - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/667638768 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/407EF566B4E94B22A2E77F07D9C72246; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2012); "Phelipaea lutea Desf. / Cadix / D. Chaub." (P 04608121 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2016); "in Hispaniâ prope Gades!" (Reuter 1847: 13, sub Phelypaea tinctoria); "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d'Espagne, 1849. / 371. Phelipaea Lusitanica, Tournef. / Lathraea phelypaea L. / Ph. tinctoria, Walp. - Brot. phyt. Lus. t. 16. / (Coss.) / Sables maritimes de l'île San Fernando près Cadiz, parasite / sur l'Atriplex portulacoides [Atriplex portulacoides L. Halimione portulacoides (L.) Aellen]  11 Mars." (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04608113 - P 04608113.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/667638762 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/0BC9011279CA45889A90F6C5C467B886; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011, terra class. of P. lusitanica); idem (P 04608117; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011, terra class. of P. lusitanica); idem (P 04385307; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018, terra class. of P. lusitanica); 1. "n.º ... / 53. Cistanche lutea Fl. Port. / Senegal // Phelipaea tinctoria Walp. ? / S". 2. "E. Bourgeau, Pl. d'Espagne, 1849. / 371. Phelipaea Lusitanica, Tournef. / Lathraea phelypaea L. / Ph. tinctoria, Walp. - Brot. phyt. Lus. t. 16. / (Coss.) / Sables maritimes de l'île San Fernando près Cadiz, parasite / sur l'Atriplex portulacoides  11 Mars." (P 04385306 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018; type of  P. senegalensis Reut. The two specimens on the left hand of the sheet (with a longer corolla tube), the three specimens from Spain (two disappeared) seem to correspond to C. phelypaea (L.) Cout. s. str.); "In arenosis maritimis insulae S. Fernando [San Fernando] prope Gades in radicibus Atriplicis portulacoidis parasitica ! (E. Bourgeau, 1849, 11ª die Martii, pl. Esp. n. 371)" (Cosson 1849: 43, terra class. of Phelipaea lusitanica Tournef.); "Herbarium Steudel / Phelipaea lutea Desf. / Cadiz [s.d.]" (P 04608109 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Cadix" (Nyman 1854-1855: 134, sub O. tinctoria W.); "In arenosis maritimis salsuginosis insulae Leon [Isla de León] pr. S. Fernando ad radic. Atriplicis portulacoidis (Wbb., Bourg.)" (Willkomm 1870: 630, sub Phelypaea lusitanica); "Reise durch das südliche Spanien 1873 / Orobanche lutea Desf / Cadix in... / 4 April  M. Winkler" (P 04608121 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2016); "Exs. Bourg. hisp. a. 1849. 371 (Cadiz) ... Baetic. (S. Fernando)" (Nyman 1881: 556, sub P tinctoria); "Cádiz (Duf.)" (Colmeiro 1888: 273, sub P. lutea); "España sobre el Atriplex portulacoides y otras ... Chiclana [Chiclana de la Frontera] (Cabrera, Rodr.), inmediaciones de San Fernando en las Marismas (Bory, Webb), Puerto de Santa María (Clem., Gutierr., Rodr.), Isla de León (Webb, Bourg.), San Fernando cerca de Cádiz (Bourg. Colm.)" (Colmeiro 1888: 273, sub P. lusitanica); "in vicinitatibus Cádiz (Duf.)" (Pérez Lara 1889: 142, sub P. lutea Desf., "n. v."); "prope Chiclana (Rodríguez, Cabrera!); circa Puerto de Santa María (Gutiérrez, Clem., Rodríguez); inter San Fernando et Cádiz (Webb, Colm., Bourg., Winkler); prope Puerto-Real versus el Arsenal" (Pérez Lara 1889: 142, sub P. tinctoria Walp., "v. v. et s."); "nº 205 / Phelipaea lutea, Persoon / Lathraea phelypaea, Desf. / Trocadero [Puerto Real] / Monard" (P 04608126 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (P 04242804; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); "in agro Gadit [Cádiz]. (Duf.)" (Willkomm 1893: 190, sub P. lutea); "pr. Chiclana (Rodr., Cabr.), Pto. de Sta. María (Gutierr., Clem.), Pto. Real versus el Arsenal! (Per. Lara)" (Willkomm 1893: 190, sub P. lutea); "Pto. S. Maria, ins. S. Fernando" (Gandoger 1917: 274, sub P. tinctoria); "Aguava Puntaleo [El Puntalejo / Punta de los Roques?] (Winkler!)" (Beck 1930: 31, sub C. tinctoria); El Puerto de Santa María, Marisma de los Toruños, Juanjo Rubal (Cistanche phelypaea!, !; accessed Nov 2010); "Herbarium Bonnensis (BONN) / Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. subsp. phelypaea / Spain: Chiclana de la Frontera, Sancti Petri ... / ... 60 m a.s.l. Date: 23.IV.2012 / ... / Leg.: N. Ataei (Ova.1) / ... / ... Parasitic on Arthrocnemum macrostachyum Torr. / ..." (P 00784796; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); idem (P 00784798; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018).

Huelva (H): Saltés island, Huelva estuary, between Huelva and Punta Umbría (Marismas del Odiel natural park), 12 Apr 2010 (photo 1024x768! by Choco Tóxico; accessed Nov 2010).

Asturias [formerly known as Ovideo Province] (O) [unconfirmed]:

Asturias [unconfirmed]: Poago [Gijón] (Martínez Martínez, 1935, sub Cistanche lusitanica) [in error, no confirmed by modern records].

Galicia

Pontevedra (Po): "en un islote ó ariño de la ría de Arosa [Arousa] entre La Toja y las tejeras de Cambados y Noalla, Pontevedra, sobre las raices de la Suaeda fruticosa Forsk." (Merino 1906: 55, sub Cistanche lusitanica); "La Toja" (Gandoger 1917: 274, sub P. tinctoria); la Lanzada ["Comunidades halonitrófilas"] (Valdés Bermejo & Silva Pando 1986: 29 photo 10, 33, 39); "Herbario SANT / ... / Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. / La Lanzada (Pontevedra) / ... / 23-5-1987 / Leg. & Det.: Izco, Guitián y Lucas // Rev. A. Pujadas XII-1999" (SANT 18143-A; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); municipality of El Grove [O Grove / Ogrobe], La Toja island [Isla de Louxo, Illa da Toxa, Illa da Toxa Grande, Illa de Louxo)], 29TNH10, 1 m, apparently on Suaeda vera Forssk. ex J.F. Gmel. [Chenopodiaceae], G. Gómez Casares, M. Laínz & G. Moreno Moral MM0187/2002, 12.05.2002 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 10563 [inflorescence]); municipality of Pontevedra, marsh area at the isthmus of la Lanzada, 29TNH10, 1 m, G. Moreno Moral MM0234/2002, 08.06.2002 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 10667).

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References.

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Ataei, N. 2017 [16 Nov 2017]. Molecular systematics and evolution of the non-photosynthetic parasitic Cistanche (Orobanchaceae). Dissertation. Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Bonn [unpublished thesis]. URL: http://hss.ulb.uni-bonn.de/2017/4882/4882.htm - http://hss.ulb.uni-bonn.de/2017/4882/4882.pdf - https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11811/7286 - https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:hbz:5n-48829.

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