Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 16 November 2020


Accepted Name:

Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 3(1): 93[-94], t. 39 (1888 [Apr 1888]) (Beck 1930: 40, sub C. Ridgewayana; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. Ridgewayana)

Synonyms:

Heterotypic synonyms:

= Cistanche persica Ataei [in sched. (Ataei & al. 2020: 6, sub aff. ridgewayana 1)]. Herbarium Specimens: "J. Bornmüller: Iter Persico-turcicum / 1892-93 / Nº. 3907. Cistanche Ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. / Phelypaea salsa C.A.M. / Boissi., Flor. Orient. IV. 501. / Persiae austro-orientalis prov. Kerman: in desertis / ad Kuschkuh [Kalāteh-ye Gūshkūb-e Bālā / Kūshkūh, 35°18'44.0"N 57°38'29.0"E, Bardaskan County, Iran]. / 1700 m. s. m. / 1892. IV. 16. legit et determ.: J. Bornmüller. / [deter.] Dr. G. v. Beck" (MNHN-P-P02983468 - P 02983468 - hb. E. Drake - gbif.org/occurrence/438900691; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); idem (MNHN-P-P03811169 - P 02983469.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/439567277; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); 1. idem. 2. Cistanche persica Ataei det. Najibeh Ataei 05.2104 (B 10 0264817); idem (B 10 0264816); 1. "Cistanche Ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.". 2. "Nº. 3907. Cistanche Ridgewayana / Aitch. & Hemsl. !". 3. "Museum botanicum Berolinense / Nº. 3907 / Cistanche Ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. / Phelypaea / Persia or.: prov. Kerman: inter / Kuschkuh [Kalāteh-ye Gūshkūb-e Bālā / Kūshkūh, 35°18'44.0"N 57°38'29.0"E, Bardaskan County] et Hormusabad ["oasis dans le désert de Khaver (Dasht-e Kavir / Namak Desert / Great Salt Desert)"] / 1700 m. s. m. / 16.IV.1892 legit J. Bornmüller / auf Glycyrrhiza" (B 10 0264821 - europeana.eu/portal/es/record/11629...BGBM...B_10_0264821; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); 1. "J. Bornmüller: Iter Persico-turcicum / 1892-93 / Nº. 3907. Cistanche Ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. / Boissi., Flor. Orient. / Persiae austro-orientalis prov. Kerman: in desertis / salsis ad Kuschkuh [Kalāteh-ye Gūshkūb-e Bālā / Kūshkūh, 35°18'44.0"N 57°38'29.0"E, Bardaskan County, Iran]. / 1700 m. s. m. / 1892. IV. 16. legit et determ.: J. Bornmüller.". 2. "! 1966 rev. A. Gilli". 3. "Cistanche persica Ataei det. Najibeh Ataei May 2104" (E 00028883); 1. "J. Bornmüller: Iter Persico-turcicum / 1892-93 / Nº. 3907. Cistanche Ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. / Phelypaea salsa C.A.M. / Boissi., Flor. Orient. IV. 501. / Persiae austro-orientalis prov. Kerman: in desertis / ad Kuschkuh [Kalāteh-ye Gūshkūb-e Bālā / Kūshkūh, 35°18'44.0"N 57°38'29.0"E, Bardaskan County, Iran]. / 1700 m. s. m. / 1892. IV. 16. legit et determ.: J. Bornmüller. / [deter.] Dr. G. v. Beck". 2. "! 1966 rev. A. Gilli". 3. "Cistanche persica Ataei det. Najibeh Ataei May 2104" (E 00028885); 1. "K. H. Rechinger,  Iter Iranicum X, 1977 / 54614a / Orobanche cernua Loefl. / Persia, Prov. Baluchistan: / Inter Zahe dan [Zahedan / Zahidan / Zāhedān-e Yek / Dowzdāb] et Nosratabad, 39 km a Zahe- / dan occidentem versus, in alveis exsicca- / tis arenosis deserti, 1250 m / 24.IV". 2. cf. Orobanche connata C. Koch 1849 / rev. H. Uhlich 20.4.1994. 3. wohl doch eher: Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.  det. H. Uhlich 25.11.1994. 4. Cistanche persica Ataei det. Najibeh Ataei 05.2104 ["accessions from mainly central and southern Iran (aff. ridgewayana 1)" (Ataei & al. 2020: 6, sub C. ridgewayana s.l.)] (B 10 0264820 - europeana.eu/portal/es/record/11629...BGBM...B_10_0264820; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013)

= Cistanche tomentosa Ataei subsp. tomentosa [in sched. (Ataei & al. 2020: 6, sub aff. ridgewayana 2)]. Herbarium Specimens: 1. "Herbar J. Bornmüller / ... / Plantae Gaubaeanae Iranicae / No. 732 ... / Cistanche ridgewayana / ... / Persia borealis: Keredj [Karaj / Karadsch (20 kilometres west of Tehran), 35°46'00.0"N 50°49'00.0"E, Iran] ... bei Rawandeh, Salzberge / 3.V.1935  Leg. D.E. Gauba". 2. Cistanche tomentosa Ataei subsp. tomentosa det. Najibeh Ataei 05.2104 (type) (B 10 0264815; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); 1. "K. H. et F. Rechinger,  Iter Iranicum II, 1948 / Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. Prov. Kerman: Inter Yezd et Kerman: / Inter Bahrambad [Rafsanjan] et Kabutarkhan / det. H. Schiman-Czeika, 1963 / 22.-23. IV ... No. 2864". 2. Cistanche persica Ataei det. Najibeh Ataei 05.2104 (B 10 0264814 - proxy.europeana.eu/11629...BGBM...B_10_026481; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); 1. "K. H. et F. Rechinger,  Iter Iranicum II, 1948 / Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. /  Prov. Kerman: Inter Yezd et Kerman: / Inter Bahrambad [Rafsanjan] et Kabutarkhan / det. H. Schiman-Czeika, 1963 / 22.-23. IV ... No. 2863". 2. "Cistanche persica Ataei  det. Najibeh Ataei May 2104 [?]"; 3. "Cistanche tomentosa Ataei ssp. tomentosa  det. Najibeh Ataei May 2104" (E 00028884; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2018); 1. "Herbar J. Bornmüller / ... / Plantae Gaubaeanae Iranicae / No. 732 ... / Cistanche ridgewayana / ... / Persia borealis: Keredj [Karaj / Karadsch (20 kilometres west of Tehran), 35°46'00.0"N 50°49'00.0"E] ... bei Rawandeh, Salzberge / 3.V.1935  Leg. D.E. Gauba   determ.  J. Bornmüller". 2. Cistanche tomentosa Ataei subsp. tomentosa det. Najibeh Ataei 05.2104 (type) (B 10 0264815 - europeana.eu/es/item/11629...BGBM...B_10_0264815; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); 1. "K. H. Rechinger,  Iter Iranicum VIII, 1974 / 46653 / Cistanche salsa C.A. Mey. / Persia: W: Esfahan / In argillosis arenosis et in agris derelictis 24 km a Murcheh / Khvort [Murcheh Khvort, Iran] boreo-orientem versus, 1750 m / det. A. Gilli, 1975 / 27.V.". – 2. Cistanche salsa C.A. Mey. det. A. Gilli 1975. 3. Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemst. det. H. Uhlich, 12.10.01. 4. Cistanche tomentosa Ataei subsp. tomentosa det. Najibeh Ataei 05.2104 (B 10 0264818 - europeana.eu...1629...B_10_0264818 - ED630 [Ataei & al. 2020, sub C. ridgewayana s.l.] - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/LT715408.1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013)

Misapplied names:

Cistanche salsa auct. nonn., non Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 129 (1895)

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Ind. loc.: "Hari-rud valley: 1093 (in part ["Cistanche laxiflora ... was mixed with C. Ridgewayana and distributed with it under the same number"]), April 23, 1885; May 12, 1885. On the banks of the Hari-rud river [Herat / Tejen / Tedzhen River], parasitical on Tamarisk [Tamarix sp.]" (Aitchison 1888: 93-94); "Afghanistan: Im Tale Harirud [valle fluvii Hari rud] gegen Herat, nördlich von Khusan? (Aitchison [Aitch. 1093 p.p. K])" (Beck 1930: 41, sub C. Ridgewayana).

Typus / Type: Aitchison 1888: t. 39 [illustration with analysis]: "Described from Afghanistan. Type in London [(?K)]" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 28[26], sub C. Ridgewayana); "Aitch. [Aitchison] 1093 p.p., K" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. Ridgewayana).

Designated by: Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22.

Host: Parasitic on Tamaricaceae family [Tamarix sp., Tamaricaceae Link] (Aitchison 1888: 94); "in tamaricetis [Tamarix sp.] et in radicibus Glycirrhizae glanduliferae W.R. [Glycyrrhiza glandulifera Waldst. & Kit. (G. glabra L.), Fabaceae Lindl.] parasitica (?)" (Bornmüller 1904: 686, sub C. Ridgewayana); "Parasitic on species of Tamarix L. (?)" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 28[26]). The host plants need to be confirmed by further studies.

Chenopodiaceae Vent.

Chenopodiaceae. Afghanistan (E 00028878).

Salsola sp. Iran (B 10 0264816).

Salsola aucheri (Moq.) Iljin [Kaviria aucheri (Moq.) Akhani]. Turkmenistan (Plantarium 433844).

Fabaceae Lindl.

Alhagi maurorum Medik. [Alhagi persarum Boiss. & Buhse]. Turkmenistan (Plantarium 433845).

Astragalus squarrosus Bunge. Iran (B 10 0264813).

Glycyrrhiza glabra L. (Glycyrrhiza glandulifera Waldst. & Kit.). Iran (B 10 0264821; B 10 0264816; Bornmüller 1904: 686, sub C. Ridgewayana); Turkmenistan (Plantarium 466945).

Tamaricaceae Link

Tamarix sp. Afghanistan (Aitchison 1888: 94; Bornmüller 1904: 686, sub C. Ridgewayana; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 28[26]); Iran (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 97).

Comments:  

Morphological obs.

"Flowers yellowish white, tipped with reddish chocolate, or maroon, each flower being subtended by a large bract, which is fringed with a line of short white hairs. An extremely handsome parasite, differing from C. Salsae in being wholly glabrous except the margins of the bracts" (Aitchison 1888: 93-94). "Based on taxonomical results, C. ridgewayana was placed in sect. Cistanchiella while other species were placed in sect. Cistanche (Rechinger 1964). In the present study, there are no significant differences in pollen morphology between C. ridgewayana and C. salsa & C. ambigua, their exine ornamentation being microgemmate; thus these results suggest the existence of an overlapping between the two sections." (Shahi Shavvon & Saeidi Mehrvarz 2010: 620).

Taxonomic observations.

According to Beck 1930: 40, it is the only species of Cistanche sect. Cistanchiella Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: [27,] 40 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]), characterized by flowers without bracteoles ["Flores ebracteolati]" (Beck 1930: 27).

Based on its phylogenetic relationships, Ataei & al. 2020 indicate that it is a member of "Southwest Asian Clade".

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, Aitchison 1888: t. 39; b, Beck 1930: 41 f. 8; c, Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 31[30] t. 3 f. 4; d, Bornmüller: Iter Persico-turcicum / 1892-93 / Nº. 3907 (MNHN-P-P02983468 - P 02983468 - hb. E. Drake - gbif.org/occurrence/438900691; B 10 0264817; E 00028883); e, Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. salsa: Afghanistan (E 00028878).

Distribution: "Soviet Central Asia: Kara Kum (Akar-Cheshme), Pamiro-Alai (Kelif and Angor). General distribution: Iran-Afghanistan" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 28[26], sub C. ridgewayana); "Persia, Afghania, Pamiro-Alaj" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. Ridgewayana). General distribution: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Pakistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan [unconfirmed].

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Afghanistan /  افغانستان / Afġānistān / Afganistán (Aitchison 1888: 93-94, loc. class. of C. Ridgewayana; Beck 1930: 41, loc. class. of C. Ridgewayana; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. Ridgewayana; Podlech 2012, sub C. ridgewayana)

Balkh Province: 1. "K. H. Rechinger,  Iter Orientale 1967 / 34226 / Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / N-Afghanistan, Mazar-I Sharif: / In desertis inter Mazar-i Sharif [Mazar-e Sarif] et / Tashkurghan [Kholm] / In Chenopodiaceis perennibus parasitica / 10.V. / det. Gilli, 1967". 2. "C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. [ridgewayana 3] / Det.: Najibeh Ataei Mar 2012 / Nees Institute for Biodiversity of Plants-University of BONN" (E 00028878 - ED596 [Ataei & al. 2020, sub C. ridgewayana] - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/LT715399.1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2013 [E 00028878 in Jstor.org, Nov 2013]); idem (w.jacq.org/W19730011546 - gbif.org/occurrence/1230525473); "N: Mazar-i Sharif [Mazār-i-Sharīf / Mazār-e Sharīf]: in desertis inter Mazar-i Sharif et Tashkurghan, Rech. 34226" (Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. salsa; C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl., rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2013).

Herat Province: "Hari-rud valley: 1093 (in part), April 23, 1885; May 12, 1885. On the banks of the Hari-rud river [Herat / Tejen / Tedzhen River], parasitical on Tamarisk [Tamarix sp.]" (Aitchison 1888: 93-94, loc. class. of C. Ridgewayana); "Afghanistan: Im Tale Harirud [Hari] gegen Herat, nördlich von Khusan? (Aitchison); April-Mai 1885" (Beck 1930: 41, loc. class. of C. Ridgewayana); "NW: In valle fluvii Hari Rud, Aitch. [Aitchison] 1093 p.p. -- SW: Tirphul [Tirpul], Aitch. 1093 p.p.! Khusan ad lacum Herwind Aitch.!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. Ridgewayana); "Her" (Podlech 2012, sub C. ridgewayana).

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Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien [see Autonomna Republika Nahčivan (Aghababyan 2013: 133)]

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaïdjan (Aghababyan 2013: 133, sub C. ridgewayana)

Autonomna Republika Nahčivan / Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası / Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic / República Autónoma de Najicheván: "Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. – The following specimens from the Arax River valley, just outside of the Armenian border, were seen: Severo-zap. okr. Nahičevana, polupustynja [NW part of Nahičevan, semidesert], 24.5.1957, Gabrieljan & Avetisjan (ERE 63588; det. Cvelev in 1957 as C. ambigua); same provenance and date, Gabrieljan (ERE 92676; det. Caturjan); same provenance and date, Gabrieljan & Avetisjan (ERCB 8519; det. Caturjan)" (Aghababyan 2013: 133, sub C. ridgewayana).

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Iran / Irán / Persia / Persien (Beck 1930: 41, sub C. Ridgewayana; Bornmüller 1904: 686, sub C. Ridgewayana; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. Ridgewayana; Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 99, sub C. ridgewayana)

Unknown location: 1. "Aucher-Eloy-Herbier d'Orient Nº. 5078 (C [c. 1830]". 2. "Herb. Mus. Paris / Phelipaea salsa C.A. Meyer / Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / Perse" (MNHN-P-P02983460 - P 02983460.jpg - hb. d'Orient - gbif.org/occurrence/438609506; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013, C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.); "Aucher-Eloy-Herbier d'Orient Nº. 5078 (C [Perse]" (MNHN-P-P02970910 - P 02970910.jpg - herb. Cosson - gbif.org/occurrence/437448051; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011, C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.).

Alborz Province: 1. "Herbar J. Bornmüller / ... / Plantae Gaubaeanae Iranicae / No. 732 ... / Cistanche ridgewayana / ... / Persia borealis: Keredj [Karaj / Karadsch (20 kilometres west of Tehran), 35°46'00.0"N 50°49'00.0"E] ... bei Rawandeh, Salzberge / 3.V.1935  Leg. D.E. Gauba   determ.  J. Bornmüller". 2. Cistanche tomentosa Ataei subsp. tomentosa det. Najibeh Ataei 05.2104 (type) (B 10 0264815 - europeana.eu/es/item/11629...BGBM...B_10_0264815; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); "C: Qazv: Ravandeh Gauba 732!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. Ridgewayana).

Ardabil Province: "Phelipaea salsa C.A. Meyer / (Perse) alp. Savalan [Mount Sabalan, 38°16'03.7"N 47°50'12.7"E, extreme north west of Iran] / Aucher-Eloy-Herbier d'Orient Nº. 5079 [leg. Aucher]" (MNHN-P-P02983462 - P 02983462.jpg - hb. d'Orient - gbif.org/occurrence/439276773; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2013 [the sheet contains three specimens, the right-hand specimen seems to correspond to C. ridgewayana, the others to C. salsa but need to be confirmed]).

East Azerbaijan Province: "Persia, Prov. Azerbaijan orient., in collibus argillosis ad ripam sinistram rivi Qezel Owzan (Kizil Uzun), 10-24 km ENE Mianeh, 1971-07-14, K.H. Rechinger 43222" (W 1973 0011630 - jacq.org/detail.php?ID=295213 - gbif.org/occurrence/1230525715); "W: Azerb. in collibus ad ripam sinistram rivi Quezel Owzan (Kizil Uzun) E.N.E. Mianeh, 1150 m, Rech. 43222" (Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. ridgewayana).

Gilan Province: "Guilan: 43 km Rudbar to Gilvan, 550 m, Assadi & Shah Mohammadi 60176" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 99, sub C. ridgewayana).

Isfahan / Esfahan Province: 1. "K. H. Rechinger,  Iter Iranicum VIII, 1974 / 46857 / Cistanche salsa C.A. Mey. / Persia: C: Kashan (Mooteh protected region): / In montibus a Muteh (Mooteh [Muteh]) septentriones versus, 1950- / 2000 m / det. A. Gilli, 1975". 2. Cistanche tomentosa Ataei ssp. tomentosa [det.] Najibeh Ataei (E 00028877; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2013 [differing from C. Salsae in being wholly glabrous except the margins of the bracts" (Aitchison 1888: 93-94)]); "Kashan [Kashan County]: in montibus N. Muteh, 1950-2000 m, Rech. 46857" (Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. salsa [C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl., rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2013]); 1. "K. H. Rechinger,  Iter Iranicum VIII, 1974 / 46653 / Cistanche salsa C.A. Mey. / Persia: W: Esfahan / In argillosis arenosis et in agris derelictis 24 km a Murcheh / Khvort [Murcheh Khvort] boreo-orientem versus, 1750 m / det. A. Gilli, 1975 / 27.V.". – 2. Cistanche salsa C.A. Mey. det. A. Gilli 1975. 3. Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemst. det. H. Uhlich, 12.10.01. 4. Cistanche tomentosa Ataei subsp. tomentosa det. Najibeh Ataei 05.2104 (B 10 0264818 - europeana.eu...1629...B_10_0264818 - ED630 [Ataei & al. 2020, sub C. ridgewayana s.l.] - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/LT715408.1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013, C. ridgewayana); "Esf. [Isfahan Province]: 24 km N.E. Murcheh Khvort [Murcheh Khvort], 1750 m, Rech. [K.H. Rechinger] 46653 [B 10 0264818, C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.]" (Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. salsa); 1. "Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch & Hemsl. / ... / Isfahan: Djafar Abad, 20 km W Tiran / Versus Daran, 1820 m / 29.5.1980  N.º 2057 [Collector: Isfahan University]". 2. Cistanche tomentosa Ataei ssp. tomentosa [det.] Najibeh Ataei (E 00028882; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2016).

Kerman Province / Ostān-e Kermān: "2) Herb. Bungeanum  Iter-Persicum / Phelipaea / pr. Kerman [Kermān / Kirman / Carmania, Kerman County] Apr. 1859" (MNHN-P-P02970912 - P 02970912.jpg - hb. Durand - gbif.org/occurrence/439112835; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); "bei Kerman (Bunge!)" (Beck 1930: 41, sub C. Ridgewayana); 1. "K. H. et F. Rechinger,  Iter Iranicum II, 1948 / Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. /  Prov. Kerman: Inter Yezd et Kerman: / Inter Bahrambad [Rafsanjan] et Kabutarkhan / det. H. Schiman-Czeika, 1963 / 22.-23. IV ... No. 2864". 2. Cistanche persica Ataei  det. Najibeh Ataei 05.2104 (B 10 0264814 - proxy.europeana.eu/11629...BGBM...B_10_026481; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); 1. "K. H. et F. Rechinger,  Iter Iranicum II, 1948 / Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. /  Prov. Kerman: Inter Yezd et Kerman: / Inter Bahrambad [Rafsanjan] et Kabutarkhan / det. H. Schiman-Czeika, 1963 / 22.-23. IV ... No. 2863". 2. "Cistanche persica Ataei   det. Najibeh Ataei May 2104 [?]"; 3. "Cistanche tomentosa Ataei ssp. tomentosa  det. Najibeh Ataei May 2104" (E 00028884; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2018); "Kerman: Inter Rafsanjan et Kabutar Khan, Rech. 2863!, 2864!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. Ridgewayana); "Kerman: Bahram Abad [Rafsanjan], near Kabutar Khan, Rechinger, Esfandiari & Aellen 32301" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 99, sub C. ridgewayana); Kam Kalaghu, 29°31'05.0"N 57°48'15.0"E (Ataei & Heidari "BONN & USB: herb. Ataei & Heidari ED424 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/LT715401.1" [Ataei & al. 2020, sub C. ridgewayana]).

Razavi Khorasan: "J. Bornmüller: Iter Persico-turcicum / 1892-93 / Nº. 3907. Cistanche Ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. / Phelypaea salsa C.A.M. / Boissi., Flor. Orient. IV. 501. / Persiae austro-orientalis prov. Kerman: in desertis / ad Kuschkuh [Kalāteh-ye Gūshkūb-e Bālā / Kūshkūh, 35°18'44.0"N 57°38'29.0"E, Bardaskan County]. / 1700 m. s. m. / 1892. IV. 16. legit et determ.: J. Bornmüller. / [deter.] Dr. G. v. Beck" (MNHN-P-P02983468 - P 02983468 - hb. E. Drake - gbif.org/occurrence/438900691; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); idem (MNHN-P-P03811169 - P 02983469.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/439567277; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); 1. "Herbar. J. Bornmüller / acc. 1938 / J. Bornmüller: Iter Persico-turcicum / 1892-93 / Nº. 3907. Cistanche Ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. / Phelypaea salsa C.A.M. / [deter.] Dr. G. von Beck / Boissi., Flor. Orient. IV. 501. / Persiae austro-orientalis prov. Kerman: in desertis / ad Kuschkuh [Kalāteh-ye Gūshkūb-e Bālā / Kūshkūh, 35°18'44.0"N 57°38'29.0"E, Bardaskan County]. / 1700 m. s. m. / 1892. IV. 16. legit et determ.: J. Bornmüller.". 2. Cistanche persica Ataei det. Najibeh Ataei 05.2104 (B 10 0264817 - europeana.eu/portal/es/record/11629...BGBM...B_10_0264817; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); 1. "Herbar. J. Bornmüller / acc. 1938 / J. Bornmüller: Iter Persico-turcicum / 1892-93 / Nº. 3907. Cistanche Ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. / Phelypaea salsa C.A.M. / Boissi., Flor. Orient. V. 501. determ. G. B. [ Dr. G. von Beck] / Persia or.: prov. Kerman: inter / Kuschkuh [Kalāteh-ye Gūshkūb-e Bālā / Kūshkūh, 35°18'44.0"N 57°38'29.0"E, Bardaskan County] et Hormusabad ["oasis dans le désert de Khaver (Dasht-e Kavir / Namak Desert / Great Salt Desert)"] / 1700 m. s. m. / 1892.16.IV legit J. Bornmüller / auf Glycyrrhiza". 2. "Auf Salsola, Göbelia [Goebelia?] / Glycyrrhiza ...  / inter Kuschkuh et / Hormusabad" (B 10 0264816 - europeana.eu/portal/es/record/11629...BGBM...B_10_0264816.html; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); 1. "Cistanche Ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.". 2. "Nº. 3907. Cistanche Ridgewayana / Aitch. & Hemsl. !". 3. "Museum botanicum Berolinense / Nº. 3907 / Cistanche Ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. / Phelypaea / Persia or.: prov. Kerman: inter / Kuschkuh [Kalāteh-ye Gūshkūb-e Bālā / Kūshkūh, 35°18'44.0"N 57°38'29.0"E, Bardaskan County] et Hormusabad ["oasis dans le désert de Khaver (Dasht-e Kavir / Namak Desert / Great Salt Desert)"] / 1700 m. s. m. / 16.IV.1892 legit J. Bornmüller / auf Glycyrrhiza" (B 10 0264821 - europeana.eu/portal/es/record/11629...BGBM...B_10_0264821; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); 1. "J. Bornmüller: Iter Persico-turcicum / 1892-93 / Nº. 3907. Cistanche Ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. / Boissi., Flor. Orient. / Persiae austro-orientalis prov. Kerman: in desertis / salsis ad Kuschkuh [Kalāteh-ye Gūshkūb-e Bālā / Kūshkūh, 35°18'44.0"N 57°38'29.0"E, Bardaskan County]. / 1700 m. s. m. / 1892. IV. 16. legit et determ.: J. Bornmüller.". 2. "! 1966 rev. A. Gilli". 3. "Cistanche persica Ataei det. Najibeh Ataei May 2104" (E 00028883); 1. "J. Bornmüller: Iter Persico-turcicum / 1892-93 / Nº. 3907. Cistanche Ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. / Phelypaea salsa C.A.M. / Boissi., Flor. Orient. IV. 501. / Persiae austro-orientalis prov. Kerman: in desertis / ad Kuschkuh [Kalāteh-ye Gūshkūb-e Bālā / Kūshkūh, 35°18'44.0"N 57°38'29.0"E, Bardaskan County]. / 1700 m. s. m. / 1892. IV. 16. legit et determ.: J. Bornmüller. / [deter.] Dr. G. v. Beck". 2. "! 1966 rev. A. Gilli". 3. "Cistanche persica Ataei det. Najibeh Ataei May 2104" (E 00028885); idem (data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2825013 - L 2825013.jpg - gbif.org/es/occurrence/2514494750; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020 [the sheet contains two specimens, the right side specimen is typical, but the left side specimen needs to be confirmed]); "Ost-Persien: In der Provinz Kerman zwischen Kuschkuh und Hormusabad, Jezd [Yazd / Yezd, Yazd County] und Kerman bei 1700 m Seehöhe im April 1892 (Bornmüller, Iter pers.-turc. n. 3907!)" (Beck 1930: 41, sub C. Ridgewayana); "In desertis ad Kuschkuh, 1700 m, Bornm 3907!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. Ridgewayana); "Persia orientalis: prov. Kerman, inter Kuschkuh et Hormusabad, in tamaricetis [Tamarix sp.] et in radicibus Glycirrhizae glanduliferae W.R. parasitica (?) 1700 m. s. m.; 16. IV. 1892 (Bornm., iter Persico-turcicum, n. 3907)" (Bornmüller 1904: 686, sub C. Ridgewayana); "E: Khor.: 15 km a bifurcatione viae Mashhad-Sarakhs versus Salehabad, 700-900 m, Rech. 55758" (Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. ridgewayana); "Kerman, Inter desert, near Kushkuh, Bornmuller 3907 (K. !)" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 99, sub C. ridgewayana).

Semnan Province / Ostān-e Semnān: "H. Freitag: Herbarium Iranicum / Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Semnan prov. [Semnan Province / Ostān-e Semnān] / 38 km E of Shahrud at road to Mayamei / ... on Astragalus squarrosus [?] / 1280 m  19. 5.1978 / Leg. Freitag 15538 / Det. Freitag". 2. Cistanche persica Ataei  det. Najibeh Ataei 05.2104 (B 10 0264813; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013, cf. C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.); "K. H. Rechinger,  Iter Iranicum IX, 1975 / 52165 / Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck / Persia: C: Damghan-Semnan: / in deserto gypsaceo 2-7 km supra Sorkheh [Surkheh, Sorkheh District, Semnan County] prope Semnan, 1300-1400 m / det. A. Gilli[, 1975] / 29.V.". 2. Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemst. det. H. Uhlich, 12.10.01. 3. Cistanche persica Ataei  det. Najibeh Ataei 05.2104 (B 10 0264819; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); "C: Damgh.-Semn.: in deserto supra Sorkheh [Surkheh, Sorkheh District, Semnan County] prope Semnan, 1300-1400 m, Rech. 52165 [B 10 0264819, C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.]" (Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. salsa); "Semnan: Damghan, 1300-1400 m, Rechinger 52162" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 99, sub C. ridgewayana); "Semnan: Damghan, 1300-1400 m, Rechinger 52162 (IRAN)" (Shahi Shavvon & Saeidi Mehrvarz 2010: 620, sub C. ridgewayana).

Sistan and Baluchestan Province: 1. "K. H. Rechinger,  Iter Iranicum X, 1977 / 54614a / Orobanche cernua Loefl. / Persia, Prov. Baluchistan: / Inter Zahedan [Zahedan / Zahidan / Zāhedān-e Yek / Dowzdāb] et Nosratabad, 39 km a Zahe- / dan occidentem versus, in alveis exsicca- / tis arenosis deserti, 1250 m / 24.IV". 2. cf. Orobanche connata C. Koch 1849 / rev. H. Uhlich 20.4.1994. 3. wohl doch eher: Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.  det. H. Uhlich 25.11.1994. 4. Cistanche persica Ataei det. Najibeh Ataei 05.2104 ["accessions from mainly central and southern Iran (aff. ridgewayana 1)" (Ataei & al. 2020: 6, sub C. ridgewayana)] (B 10 0264820 - europeana.eu/portal/es/record/11629...BGBM...B_10_0264820; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); "Baluchestan: 80 km Zahedan to Bam road, 1350 m, Assadi 22721" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 99, sub C. ridgewayana), "Iran, Baluchestan: 80 km Zahedan to Bam road, 1350 m, Assadi 22721 (TARI)" (Shahi Shavvon & Saeidi Mehrvarz 2010: 620, sub C. ridgewayana).

Tehran Province: "Tehran: Absard, Zand 13241" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 99, sub C. ridgewayana).

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Pakistan / Pakistán / Paquistán / Пакистан / 巴基斯坦

Balochistan / Baluchistan / Baluchestan: 1. "K. H. Rechinger,  Iter Orientale 1965 / Baluchistan: Makran; Hoshab to Panjgur, / c. 20-30 km. from Panjgur. / Sandy plain / 20th April 1965 / Coll. Jennifer Lamond   No. 580". 2 "... / Cistanche tubulosa (Schrenk) R. Wight / 1966 A. Gilli". 3. "Cistanche persica Ataei  det. Najibeh Ataei May 2104" (E 00028903 ; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020 [fructification stage]).

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Turkmenistan / Türkmenistan / Turkmenia / Туркмения / Turkmenien / Turcomannia (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 28[26], sub C. ridgewayana)

Balkan Region / Balkan welaýaty / Балкан велаяты: "Цветущее растение (питающее растение - Alhagi persarum). Туркменистан, СЗ Копетдаг, ур. Секизхан [NW Kopetdag / Turkmen-Khorasan Mountain Rang, near Sekizhan (Serdar / Kyzyl-Arvat / Gyzylarbat / Сердар)] глинистое местообитание. Май 2015 г." (photos plantarium.ru/page/image/id/433841, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/433842, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/433845 by Александр Павленко [Alexander Pavlenko] 2016 растение определил(а) Андрей Ковальчук [Andriy Kovalchuk] in Plantarium accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019 [cf. C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.]); "Цветущее растение (питающее растение - Salsola aucheri (Moq.) Iljin [Kaviria aucheri (Moq.) Akhani]). Туркменистан, СЗ Копетдаг, ур. Секизхан [NW Kopetdag / Turkmen-Khorasan Mountain Rang, near Sekizhan (Serdar / Kyzyl-Arvat / Gyzylarbat / Сердар)], глинистое местообитание. Май 2015 г." (photo plantarium.ru/page/image/id/433844.html by Александр Павленко [Alexander Pavlenko] 2016 растение определил(а) Владислав Григоренко [Vladislav Grigorenko] in Plantarium accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020 [cf. C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.]); "Отцветающее растение (вероятные хозяева - солодка [Glycyrrhiza glabra L., Fabaceae] или лебеда [Atriplex, Chenopodiaceae]). Туркменистан, Ц Копетдаг [Kopetdag / Turkmen-Khorasan Mountain Rang], ущ. Ипай, мелкозём. Май 2016 г." (photo plantarium.ru/page/image/id/466945.html by Александр Павленко [Alexander Pavlenko] 2016 растение определил(а) Владислав Григоренко [Vladislav Grigorenko] in Plantarium accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020 [cf. C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.]).

Lebap Region / Lebap welaýaty / Балканский велаят: " Pamiro-Alai (Kelif [Kelif Sanctuary, Köýtendag Nature Reserve, Pamir-Alay] and ...)" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 28[26], sub C. ridgewayana); Kugitang [Köýtendag, Pamir-Alay], 6 May 2014 (photo 15027954318 by Arddu in Parasitic Plants, www.flickr.com, accessed Jan 2015).

Mary Region / Mary welaýaty / Мары велаяты / Марыйский велаят: "Kara Kum [Karakum Desert] (Akar-Cheshme [Rudnik-e Akar Cheshmeh / Akarcheshme, 35°47'53.0"N 61°27'34.8"E, Badkyz Nature Reserve])" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 28[26], sub C. ridgewayana).

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Uzbekistan / Usbekistan / O'zbekiston / Uzbekistán / Ouzbékistan / Узбекистанn [unconfirmed] (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 28[26], sub C. ridgewayana)

Surxondaryo Region / Surxondaryo viloyati / Сурхондарё вилояти / Сурхандарьинская область / Surkhandarya Region: "Pamiro-Alai (... and Angor [Ангор])" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 28[26], sub C. ridgewayana).

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References.

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