Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 21 April 2018


Accepted Name:

Cistanche rosea Baker ex Hook., Icon. Pl. 24 [4(ser. 4, part 3)]: t. 2363 (1895 [Apr 1895]) ["C. rosea, Baker in Kew Bulletin, 1894, 339"]

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Cistanche rosea Baker in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894(93): 339 (1894 [Sep 1894]), nom. nud. ["Cistanche rosea, Baker in Hook. Ic. ined.Tokham, near Mokalla [Al Mukalla], alt. 200 feet, parasitic on the roots of Pluchea Dioscoridis"]

inicio / top of page


Ind. loc.: "Tokham, near Mokalla [Al Mukalla], alt. 200 feet, parasitic on the roots of Pluchea Dioscoridis [Pluchea dioscoridis (L.) DC.; Baccharis dioscoridis L.]" (Baker, 1894: 339); "Hab. Arabia; Hadramaut [Hadhramaut Governorate, Republic of Yemen, Arabian Peninsula], near Mokalla [Al Mukalla], alt. 200 feet; parasitic on roots of Pluchea Dioscoridis, Lunt (No. 62)." (Hooker, 1895: t. 2363).

Typus / Type: "62 / J. Theodore Bent's Hadramaut Expedition / 1893-4 / Cistanche n. sp. / Coll. W. Lunt" (BM 000606292  - Lunt 62; K 000999864 - Lunt 62; P 02983470 - Lunt 62).

Designated by: M.J.Y. Foley in Candollea 59: 235, "Lunt 62 (BM!)" (2004).

Host: Parasitic on Pluchea dioscoridis (L.) DC. [Baccharis dioscoridis L.] (Asteraceae) (Hooker, 1895: t. 2363; Beck, 1930: 40; Foley, 2004: 235); Zygophyllum sp. [Zygophyllaceae] (P 04409945) and others. "Parasitic upon Pluchea dioscoridis, and often growing in association with Acacia (including A. ethbaica), Boswellia and Commiphora spp. and under Zizyphus spina-christi [Rhamnaceae], upon all of which it may be parasitic." (Foley, 2004: 235).

Comments:

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, Hooker, Icon. Pl. 4(ser. 4, part 3): t. 2363 (1895).

Distribution: Oman, Saudi Arabia? and Yemen. "Arabien" (Beck, 1930: 40); "limited to the south of the peninsula, possibly just to Oman and Yemen ... Possibly endemic to southern Oman and Yemen" (Foley, 2004: 235).

inicio / top of page



Specimens examined and literature records.

Oman (Ghazanfar, 1992; Foley, 2004: 236; Mosti & al., 2012)

Dhofar Governorate: "Cistanche rosea / Ratcliffe-Smith, A. 5230 / Oman. Dhofas Province, 25.09.1977 / Spirit" (K specimen 40830.000); "Cistanche rosea / Whitehead, J. 837 / Oman. Wadi Ayun [Wadi Ayan], 800 m, 21.12.1988 / Spirit" (K specimen 29047.669); "Dhofar, 2 km east of Ayn Wadi [Wadi `Ayn], 23.IX.1993, McLeish 2597 (E [E 00113213]); Dhofar, Wadi Mughsayl [Mughsayl], 4.III.1994, McLeish 3434 (E [E 00121018]) & photo!; Dhofar, Wadi Adownib, 3.X.1979, Miller 2491 (E [E 00029710]); Dhofar, Salalah to Samrait road, 4.X.1979, Miller 2521 (E [E 00029707]); Dhofar, route de Ayun vers la route principale Salalah-Thamrait [Thumrait], 15.XII.1981, Barbier 1320 (BM); towards Jebel Qara [Jabal al Qara], 11.III.1978, Lawton 2012 (BM)" (Foley, 2004: 236); "Flowering Plants of Dhofar Gov., Oman /... / Cistanche rosea Baker / C.J. Rothfels #4241, with C. Rushworth, P. Rothfels, P. Rothfels  2012-12-25 / Wadi Ash Shuwaymiyyah, at the second hanging garden ... / " (MO 2666707 - Rothfels 4241- Gbif 1257996551; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015); "Cistanche rosea Baker - sW1e [sW: south-draining wadis ... Al Mughsayl-Ajdarawat road: 7 km from Al Mughsayl: Wadi Afal e W. Mughsayl (at the end of the down going road): Boswellia sacra scrubland. Alt. 100 m - 16°52.024’ N, 53°42.965’ E - ... e: 10.09.02 (idem)]; nW(20a, 27) [nW: north-draining wadis and semi-desert areas ... nW20 a: 11.02.06. Salalah-Thumrayt road: 6 km northeast of Wadi Dowkah Park: rocky plain and hillocks near the ancient frankincense store at Wadi Sahnut. Alt. 616-629 m - 17°23.080’ N, 54°6.270’ E; nW27 14.02.06. Wadi Andur [Wadi Anzur]: rocky bed of a tributary wadi of Wadi Andur, southwards for about 10 km from the pool of standing water(nW25a) . Alt 558 m - 17°34.224’-17°31.085’ N, 54°42.171’- 54°45.050’ E.]" (Mosti & al., 2012: 82); "Khawr Rawri, Oman" February (22637) and January (63814) (photos by Hanne & Jens Eriksen, sub C. rosea, in Birds Oman; accessed Mar 2015 and Apr 2015); "Salalah Al Gharbiyah, Salalah, Dhofar" (photos by Salem Al Shekaili in Flickr; accessed Mar 2015); "Fotografoval Petr Procházka, ve dnech 22. a 23. 9. 2014 (Omán, gov. Dhofar, vádí za Mughsayl a Sayq)." (photos in Vít Grulich - Botany.cz; 2007-2017; accessed Apr 2018); Tartous: Hadbin, Dhofar Governorate (photo socimage 1246199256359988796_586238162 by @hamedalwardi; accessed Apr 2018).

inicio / top of page

Saudi Arabia / as-Su‘ūdiyyah / Arabia Saudita / Saudi-Arabien [unconfirmed] (Foley, 2004: 236)

Jizan Province; Farasan Islands: 1. "Rugged coral country N.N.E. of Farasan Village, 5 February 1985, I.S. Collenette, 5028. In deep (20ft) cleft in coral. Shady. Stout erect succulent spike to 30 cm tall with crimson bracts. Clear, almost translucent, orange flowers 1.5 cm wide and 1.5 cm long. No scent. Root parasite on either Commiphora gileadensis or Maerna longifolia or Salvadora persica". 2. "Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Coutinho, det. Lytton J. Musselman (Norfolk)". 3. "Cistanche rosea Baker ssp. crimson Ataei subsp. nov., det. Najibeh Ataei" (E 00029711 - Gbif 575249220; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015, cf. C. tubulosa) (Collenette, 1999: 586).

inicio / top of page

Yemen / Yémen / Jemen (Baker, 1894: 339; Hooker, 1895: t. 2363; Beck, 1930: 40; Foley, 2004: 236)

Hadhramaut / Hadramawt Governorate: "Tokham, near Mokalla [Al Mukalla], alt. 200 feet, parasitic on the roots of Pluchea Dioscoridis [Pluchea dioscoridis (L.) DC.; Baccharis dioscoridis L.]" (Baker, 1894: 339, loc. class. of Cistanche rosea); "Hab. Arabia; Hadramaut [Hadhramaut Governorate], near Mokalla [Al Mukalla], alt. 200 feet; parasitic on roots of Pluchea Dioscoridis, Lunt (No. 62)." (Hooker, 1895: t. 2363 [text], loc. class. of Cistanche rosea); "62 / J. Theodore Bent's Hadramaut Expedition / 1893-4 / Cistanche n. sp. / Coll. W. Lunt" (BM 000606292 - Lunt 62; K 000999864 - Lunt 62; P 02983470 - Lunt 62, isotypes of Cistanche rosea; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015); "Arabien: Hadramaut, bei Mokalla bei 200' Seehöhe (Lunt n. 62)." (Beck, 1930: 40); "Cistanche rosea / fl. rose vif / Hush el Ga, 980 m / Hadramaut, Sud Yémen / Th. Monod 16799 31-12-77" (P 04409942; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015); "Cistanche rosea / fl. rose ... / Khurayba [Al-Khuraybah], 1200 m / Hadramaut, Sud Yémen / Th. Monod 1702 15-1-78" (P 04409943; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015); "Cistanche rosea / fl. carmin / Halęem[?] vers 1000 m / Hadramaut, Sud Yémen / Th. Monod 17240 16-1-78" (P 04409944; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015); "«Arabia»: s. loc., 1893-94, Lunt 62 (BM) [type]; East road near Raidat el Maara (Mile 100), 14.XI.1950, Guichard KG/HAD/419 (BM); Wadi Lubaat, Dahal Well, 5.IV.1947, Thesiger s.n. [Thesiger's Journeys in Arabia - Hadhramawt, Yemen 1947] (BM); «South Arabia»: Hasar Johar, 9.XI.1934, Ingrams 62 (BM); Dahmah, 10.XI.1934, Ingrams 63 (BM) [Ingrams, 1936] ... Wadi Hajr [Hajr], 100 km west of Mukalla, 13.II.1989, Miller & al. M8168" [E 00029709; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015] (Foley, 2004: 236); "Yemen, gov. Hadhramout, Kor Seiban [Kawr-Sayban, Al Mukalla], wadi running N to S", Hein, P. YP3587, 2002-09-14 (W 2015-0014374 - Gbif 1230544896; accessed Apr 2018); "Yemen: Gov. Hadhramout. Kor Seiban [Kawr-Sayban, Al Mukalla], wadi running N to S between 14°49'48.3"N, 48°49'10.0"E and 14°50'10.2"N, 48°48'44.6"E. Relevé A83: evergreen woodland relics with Olea, Dodonaea, Tarchonanthus, Sideroxylon mascatensis, Pappea capensis, Ceratonia oreothauma, Maytenus senegalensis, Periploca somalensis, Sageretia thea, Bauhinia ellenbeckii, etc. Alt.: 1950-2050 m. 14 & 15.9.2002, Leg.: N. Kilian, P. Hein, K. Rabe, G. Hohlstein & M.A. Hubaishan YP 3587." (B 100459943; accessed Apr 2018); "Oman, 6.–15.3.2015" Bpo-natura 634 Cistanche rosea (accessed Apr 2018).

Sana'a Governorate [needs be confirmed]: "Cistanche rosea / fl. carmin sur Zygophyllum / Wadi Hajar [Wadi Dhar, 15° 26′ 28″ N, 44° 7′ 31″ E] / Sud Yémen / Th. Monod 17316  19-1-78" (P 04409945; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015).

Ta'izz Governorate: "Wadi Hedhraan, near Taiz [Ta'izz], 26.XII.1975, Wood Y/75/1002 (BM); Wadi Hedrahaan, near Taiz, 15.XI.1978, Wood 2641 (E [E 00029708])" (Foley, 2004: 236).

inicio / top of page


References.

Baker, J.G. (Keeper of Herbarium and Library). 1894 [Sep 1894]. CCCCVII.— Botany of the Hadramaut Expedition. Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894(93): 328-343.

Beck, G. 1930 [30 Sep 1930]. IV. 261. Orobanchaceae. In: Engler, A. (ed.). Das Pflanzenreich. Regni Vegetabili Conspectus. Wilhelm Engelmann. Leipzig, pp. 1-348.

Botany.cz. [Ladislav Hoskovec (Gaston) (Editor in Chief)]. URL: www.botany.cz (Orobanche, accessed Apr 2018).

Collenette, S. 1999. Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia. Riyadh.

ePIC [electronic Plant Information Centre]. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2002 [searchpage IK]. URL: http://www.kew.org/epic/ (accessed Mar 2015).

Foley, M.J.Y. 2004. Orobanchaceae of the Arabian Peninsula [Les Orobanchacées de la Péninsule arabique]. Candollea 59: 231-254.

GBIF (The Global Biodiversity Information Facility). GBIF Online Resource Centre. Search. Orobanchaceae. URL: https://www.gbif.org/ (accessed Apr 2018).

Ghazanfar, S.A. 1992. An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.

inicio / top of page

Hambler, D.J. 1956 [3 Mar 1956]. Further Chromosome Counts in Orobanchaceae. Nature 177: 438-439.

Hooker, J.D. 1817-1911. Icones plantarum; or, figures, with descriptive characters and remarks, of new and rare plants, selected from the Kew herbarium 24 [Fourth series. Vol. 4, part 3]. Dulau & Co. London.

Ingrams, W. H. 1936. Unexplored Regions of the Hadhramaut. Journal of Royal Central Asia Society 23: 378-412.

MNHN (Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris). Bases de données de collections. Les spécimens d'un genre. Recherche avancée. Orobanchaceae (accessed Feb 2015).

Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. 2012. Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman). Webbia 67(1): 65-91.

NHM - The Natural History Museum - Research and curation - Botany projects (accessed Feb 2015).

RBGE (The Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh). Herbarium. Databases. Herbarium Catalogue (accessed Feb 2015).

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2002. Home - Kew Databases - Herbarium catalogue (accessed Feb 2015).

Schlauer J., Meijer, W. & Hansen, B. (last update, 5 Mar 2003). Parasitic Plants Database. URL: http://www.omnisterra.com/bot/pp_home.cgi (accessed Feb 2015).

Schneeweiss, G.M., Colwell, A.E., Park, J.M., Jang, C.G. & Stuessy, T.F. 2004. Phylogeny of holoparasitic Orobanche (Orobanchaceae) inferred from nuclear ITS sequences. Mol. Phylogenetics Evol. 30: 465-478. [Abstract / Download].

Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. URL: http://www.tropicos.org/Image/100283620 (accessed Mar 2015).

inicio / top of page



Google   

Home page (Página principal) | Index of Orobanchaceae | Contact us


© 2005 GBC (Grupo botánico cantábrico)