Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 23 January 2024


Accepted Name:

Cistanche rosea Baker ex Hook., Icon. Pl. 24 [4(ser. 4, part 3)]: t. 2363 (1895 [Apr 1895]) ["C. rosea, Baker in Kew Bulletin, 1894, 339"]

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Cistanche rosea Baker in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894(93): 339 (1894 [Sep 1894]), nom. nud. ["Cistanche rosea, Baker in Hook. Ic. ined.Tokham, near Mokalla [Al Mukalla], alt. 200 feet, parasitic on the roots of Pluchea Dioscoridis"]

Cistanche rosea subsp. rosea Baker ex Hook., Icon. Pl. 24 [4(ser. 4, part 3)]: t. 2363 (1895 [Apr 1895]) (Ataei 2017: 88)

Heterotypic synonyms:

? = Cistanche rosea subsp. crimson Ataei in Molec. Syst. Evol. Cistanche: 90 (2017) [unpublished thesis is not effective publication (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 2931 (Art. 6.1))]. Ind. loc.: Type: Saudi Arabia. Jizan: Rugged coral country N.N.E. of Farasan Island, c. 30 m, 5 Feburary 1985, Collenette 5028 (holotype E barcode E00029711, isotype K). Herbarium Specimens: 1. "Rugged coral country N.N.E. of Farasan Village, 5 February 1985, I.S. Collenette, 5028. In deep (20ft) cleft in coral. Shady. Stout erect succulent spike to 30 cm tall with crimson bracts. Clear, almost translucent, orange flowers 1.5 cm wide and 1.5 cm long. No scent. Root parasite on either Commiphora gileadensis or Maerna longifolia or Salvadora persica". 2. "Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Coutinho, det. Lytton J. Musselman (Norfolk)". 3. "Cistanche rosea Baker ssp. crimson Ataei subsp. nov., det. Najibeh Ataei" (E 00029711 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/575249220; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015, cf. C. tubulosa) (Collenette 1999: 586).

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Ind. loc.: Yemen: "Tokham, near Mokalla [Al Mukalla], alt. 200 feet, parasitic on the roots of Pluchea Dioscoridis [Pluchea dioscoridis (L.) DC.; Baccharis dioscoridis L.]" (Baker 1894: 339, sub C. rosea); "Hab. Arabia; Hadramaut [Hadhramaut Governorate, Republic of Yemen, Arabian Peninsula], near Mokalla [Al Mukalla], alt. 200 feet; parasitic on roots of Pluchea Dioscoridis, Lunt (No. 62)." (Hooker 1895: t. 2363).

Typus / Type: "62 / J. Theodore Bent's Hadramaut Expedition / 1893-4 / Cistanche n. sp. / Coll. W. Lunt" (BM 000606292 - Lunt 62, lectotype; K 000999864.jpg - Lunt 62, isolectotype; P 02983470.jpg - Lunt 62, isolectotype).

Designated by: M.J.Y. Foley in Candollea 59: 235, "Lunt 62 (BM!)" (2004).

Host: Parasitic on Pluchea dioscoridis (L.) DC. [Baccharis dioscoridis L.] (Asteraceae) (Hooker 1895: t. 2363; Beck 1930: 40; Foley 2004: 235); Zygophyllum sp. [Zygophyllaceae] (P 04409945) and others. "Parasitic upon Pluchea dioscoridis, and often growing in association with Acacia (including A. ethbaica), Boswellia and Commiphora spp. and under Zizyphus spina-christi [Rhamnaceae], upon all of which it may be parasitic." (Foley 2004: 235).

Comments:

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, Hooker, Icon. Pl. 4(ser. 4, part 3): t. 2363 (1895).

Distribution: Oman, Saudi Arabia [unconfirmed] and Yemen.

"Arabien" (Beck 1930: 40); "limited to the south of the peninsula, possibly just to Oman and Yemen ... Possibly endemic to southern Oman and Yemen" (Foley 2004: 235).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Oman (Ghazanfar 1992; Foley 2004: 236, sub C. rosea; Mosti & al. 2012)

Dhofar Governorate: "Cistanche rosea / Ratcliffe-Smith, A. 5230 / Oman. Dhofas Province, 25.09.1977 / Spirit" (K specimen 40830.000); "Cistanche rosea / Whitehead, J. 837 / Oman. Wadi Ayun [Wadi Ayan], 800 m, 21.12.1988 / Spirit" (K specimen 29047.669); "Dhofar, 2 km east of Ayn Wadi [Wadi `Ayn, c. 10 km east of Mirbat], 23.IX.1993, McLeish 2597 (E [E 00113213]); Dhofar, Wadi Mughsayl [Mughsayl], 4.III.1994, McLeish 3434 (E [E 00121018]) & photo!; Dhofar, Wadi Adownib, 3.X.1979, Miller 2491 (E [E 00029710]); Dhofar, Salalah to Samrait road, 4.X.1979, Miller 2521 (E [E 00029707]); Dhofar, route de Ayun vers la route principale Salalah-Thamrait [Thumrait], 15.XII.1981, Barbier 1320 (BM); towards Jebel Qara [Jabal al Qara], 11.III.1978, Lawton 2012 (BM)" (Foley, 2004: 236); "Flowering Plants of Dhofar Gov., Oman /... / Cistanche rosea Baker / C.J. Rothfels #4241, with C. Rushworth, P. Rothfels, P. Rothfels  2012-12-25 / Wadi Ash Shuwaymiyyah, at the second hanging garden ... / " (MO 2666707 - Rothfels 4241- https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1257996551; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015); "Cistanche rosea Baker - sW1e [sW: south-draining wadis ... Al Mughsayl-Ajdarawat road: 7 km from Al Mughsayl: Wadi Afal e W. Mughsayl (at the end of the down going road): Boswellia sacra scrubland. Alt. 100 m - 16°52.024’ N, 53°42.965’ E - ... e: 10.09.02 (idem)]; nW(20a, 27) [nW: north-draining wadis and semi-desert areas ... nW20 a: 11.02.06. Salalah-Thumrayt road: 6 km northeast of Wadi Dowkah Park: rocky plain and hillocks near the ancient frankincense store at Wadi Sahnut. Alt. 616-629 m - 17°23.080’ N, 54°6.270’ E; nW27 14.02.06. Wadi Andur [Wadi Anzur]: rocky bed of a tributary wadi of Wadi Andur, southwards for about 10 km from the pool of standing water(nW25a) . Alt 558 m - 17°34.224’-17°31.085’ N, 54°42.171’- 54°45.050’ E.]" (Mosti & al., 2012: 82); "Khawr Rawri [near Taqah], Oman" February (22637) and January (63814) (photos by Hanne & Jens Eriksen, sub C. rosea, in Birds Oman; accessed Mar 2015 and Apr 2015); "Salalah Al Gharbiyah, Salalah, Dhofar" (photos by Salem Al Shekaili in Flickr; accessed Mar 2015); "Fotografoval Petr Procházka, ve dnech 22. a 23. 9. 2014 (Omán, gov. Dhofar, vádí za Mughsayl a Sayq)." (https://botany.cz/cs/cistanche-rosea/ in Vít Grulich - Botany.cz; 2007-2017; accessed Apr 2018); Tartous: Hadbin, Dhofar Governorate (http://www.socimage.net/media/1246199256359988796_586238162 by @hamedalwardi; accessed Apr 2018); "Dhofar [17°02'58.0"N 54°25'34.0"E 17.049436, 54.426114, Wadi Darbat, near Khor Rori and Taqah], 29 Jan 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/20185264 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3468927317 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/clicque in iNaturalist; accessed Jan 2024); "Khawr Rawri [Khor Rori, 17°03'11.8"N 54°25'31.6"E 17.053287, 54.425438, near Taqah], 2020-02-24" (https://observation.org/observation/193777240 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3716471093 by Joey Bom in Observation.org; accessed Jan 2024); "Khor Rori [17°03'08.0"N 54°25'31.3"E 17.052218, 54.425347, Wadi Darbat, near Taqah], 24 Feb 2020" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/49227571 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3468745355 by Joey Bom in iNaturalist; accessed Jan 2024 [very illustrative images]).

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Saudi Arabia / as-Su‘ūdiyyah / Arabia Saudita / Saudi-Arabien [unconfirmed] (Foley 2004: 236, sub C. rosea; Ataei 2017: 88, loc. class. of C. rosea subsp. crimson; Ataei 2017: 88, sub C. rosea)

Jizan Province; Farasan Islands: 1. "Rugged coral country N.N.E. of Farasan Village, 5 February 1985, I.S. Collenette, 5028. In deep (20ft) cleft in coral. Shady. Stout erect succulent spike to 30 cm tall with crimson bracts. Clear, almost translucent, orange flowers 1.5 cm wide and 1.5 cm long. No scent. Root parasite on either Commiphora gileadensis or Maerna longifolia or Salvadora persica". 2. "Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Coutinho, det. Lytton J. Musselman (Norfolk)". 3. "Cistanche rosea Baker ssp. crimson Ataei subsp. nov., det. Najibeh Ataei" (E 00029711 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/575249220; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015, cf. C. tubulosa; Ataei 2017: 88, holotype of C. rosea subsp. crimson) (Collenette 1999: 586); "East road near Raidat el Maara (Mile 100), 14.XI.1950, Guichard KG/HAD/419 (BM) ... Dahmah [Dayhamah], 10.XI.1934, Ingrams 63 (BM) [Ingrams, 1936]" (Foley 2004: 236, sub C. rosea [n.v.]); "Daḥmah [Dayhamah], 5400 m, 10 November 1934, Ingrams 63 (BM); East road, near Raidat Elamara, 14 November 1950, Guichard KG/Had/419 (BM)" (Ataei 2017: 88, sub C. rosea [n.v.]).

Northern Borders Province: "Wadi Lubaat, Dahal Well [Dahal Abu `Araqi, near Rafha], 5.IV.1947, Thesiger s.n. (BM)" (Foley 2004: 236, sub C. rosea [n.v.]); "Dahal Abu `Araqi [near Rafha], 05 April 1947, Thesiger s.n. (BM)" ( Ataei 2017: 88, sub C. rosea [?, n.v.]).

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Yemen / Yémen / Jemen (Baker 1894: 339; Hooker 1895: t. 2363; Beck 1930: 40; Foley 2004: 236, sub C. rosea)

Hadhramaut / Hadramawt Governorate: "Tokham, near Mokalla [Al Mukalla], alt. 200 feet, parasitic on the roots of Pluchea Dioscoridis [Pluchea dioscoridis (L.) DC.; Baccharis dioscoridis L.]" (Baker 1894: 339, loc. class. of Cistanche rosea); "Hab. Arabia; Hadramaut [Hadhramaut Governorate], near Mokalla [Al Mukalla], alt. 200 feet; parasitic on roots of Pluchea Dioscoridis, Lunt (No. 62)" (Hooker 1895: t. 2363 [text], loc. class. of C. rosea); "62 / J. Theodore Bent's Hadramaut Expedition / 1893-4 / Cistanche n. sp. / Coll. W. Lunt" (BM 000606292 - Lunt 62; K 000999864 - Lunt 62; P 02983470 - Lunt 62, isotypes of Cistanche rosea; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015); "Arabien: Hadramaut, bei Mokalla bei 200' Seehöhe (Lunt n. 62)." (Beck 1930: 40); "Cistanche rosea / fl. rose vif / Hush el Ga, 980 m / Hadramaut, Sud Yémen / Th. Monod 16799 31-12-77" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04409942 - P 04409942.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465073687 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/B460970E8BCF4A829D8578374930CB62; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015); "Cistanche rosea / fl. rose ... / Khurayba [Al-Khuraybah], 1200 m / Hadramaut, Sud Yémen / Th. Monod 1702 15-1-78" (P 04409943; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015); "Cistanche rosea / fl. carmin / Halęem[?] vers 1000 m / Hadramaut, Sud Yémen / Th. Monod 17240 16-1-78" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04409944 - P 04409944.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464676599 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/C75314761DBF44D688BC01F893860EEC; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015); "«Arabia»: s. loc., 1893-94, Lunt 62 (BM) [type]; East road near Raidat el Maara (Mile 100), 14.XI.1950, Guichard KG/HAD/419 (BM); Wadi Lubaat, Dahal Well, 5.IV.1947, Thesiger s.n. [Thesiger's Journeys in Arabia - Hadhramawt, Yemen 1947] (BM); «South Arabia»: Hasar Johar, 9.XI.1934, Ingrams 62 (BM) ... Wadi Hajr [Hajr], 100 km west of Mukalla, 13.II.1989, Miller & al. M8168" [E 00029709; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015] (Foley 2004: 236); "Yemen, gov. Hadhramout, Kor Seiban [Kawr-Sayban, Al Mukalla], wadi running N to S", Hein, P. YP3587, 2002-09-14 (https://www.jacq.org/detail.php?ID=922078 - https://w.jacq.org/W20150014374 - W 2015-0014374 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1230544896; accessed Apr 2018); "Yemen: Gov. Hadhramout. Kor Seiban [Kawr-Sayban, Al Mukalla], wadi running N to S between 14°49'48.3"N, 48°49'10.0"E and 14°50'10.2"N, 48°48'44.6"E. Relevé A83: evergreen woodland relics with Olea, Dodonaea, Tarchonanthus, Sideroxylon mascatensis, Pappea capensis, Ceratonia oreothauma, Maytenus senegalensis, Periploca somalensis, Sageretia thea, Bauhinia ellenbeckii, etc. Alt.: 1950-2050 m. 14 & 15.9.2002, Leg.: N. Kilian, P. Hein, K. Rabe, G. Hohlstein & M.A. Hubaishan YP 3587." (B 100459943; accessed Apr 2018); "Oman, 6.–15.3.2015" Bpo-natura 634 Cistanche rosea (accessed Apr 2018).

Sana'a Governorate [needs be confirmed]: "Cistanche rosea / fl. carmin sur Zygophyllum / Wadi Hajar [Wadi Dhar, 15° 26′ 28″ N, 44° 7′ 31″ E] / Sud Yémen / Th. Monod 17316  19-1-78" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04409945 - P 04409945.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/01/03/1/P04409945.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465139675 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/AA73468F095D4873B5004483EB598682; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2015).

Ta'izz Governorate: "Wadi Hedhraan, near Taiz [Ta'izz], 26.XII.1975, Wood Y/75/1002 (BM); Wadi Hedrahaan, near Taiz, 15.XI.1978, Wood 2641 (E [E 00029708])" (Foley 2004: 236).

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References.

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