Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 1 July 2024


Accepted Name:

Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 129 (1895) (Beck 1930: 36; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 24[22])

Basionymum / Basionym:

Phelypaea salsa C.A. Mey. in Ledebour, Fl. Altaic. 2: 461 (1830) ["Phelipaea"] (Beck 1930: 36; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 24[22])

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Phelypaea salsa Ledebour ex C.A. Mey. in Ledebour, Fl. Altaic. 2: 462 (1830) ["Ph. salsa. Ledeb. Ic. pl. Fl. ross. alt. illustr. t. 376"], pro syn

Phelypaea salsa Ledebour, Icon. Pl. 4: 21, t. 376 (1833) (Meyer in Ledebour, Fl. Altaic. 2: 462. 1830), pro syn. Ind. loc.: "Hab. in locis argillosis deserti soongoro - kirghisici trans fluvium Kurtschum orientem versus. FI Majo." (Ledebour 1833: 21)

Orobanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225 (1887) (Beck 1930: 36; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 24[22])

Orobanche salsa var. normalis Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225 (1887) ["α normalis O. Ktze."], nom. illeg. (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3)

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Anblatum tataricum Fisch. ex C.A. Mey. in Ledebour, Fl. Altaic. 2: 462 (1830) ["Fisch. in litt."], pro syn (Meyer in Ledebour 1830: 462)

= Anblatum tataricum Fisch. ex G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 633 (1837-1838) ["Fisch. in litt."], pro syn (Meyer in Ledebour 1830: 462Steudel 1841: 318, sub Phelypaea salsa C.A. Mey.; Walpers 1844: 462, sub Phelypaea salsa C.A. Mey., "Fisch. mss."). Ind. loc.: "H. Native of the Kirghisean Steppe [Kazakh Steppe / Kirghiz Steppe, Kazakhstan / Қазақстан and Russia], in saltish, argillaceous soil, beyond the Kurtschum [East Kazakhstan / Шығыс Қазақстан облысы / Восточно-Казахстанская область], towards the east". Herbarium Specimen: "Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / ad lacum Inderiensem [Ozero Inder / Inder Koli / Inder See / Inderskoye Ozero / Lake Inder / Индерское озеро, 48°27'33.0"N 51°55'10.0"E, Atyrau Oblast, Kazakhstan / Қазақстан] in deserto / Kirgisorum; habitat etiam versus / Bactrianam [Bactria / Bactriana / Βακτριανή / Bāxtriš / Bākhtar / Pākhtar, Balkh, NE Afghanistan (Stearn 1992: 211)] in eodem deserto / Fischer" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983461 - P 02983461.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438609507; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011)

? = Phelypaea gigantea Kar. in Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Mosc. 1839(2): 165 [no. 638] (1839), nom. nud. (Ledebour 1849: 314, sub P. flava C. A. Meyer Ind. cauc. p. 104, "Karel. Enum. pl. Turkomann. in Bullet. de la  Soc. des Natur. d. Mosc. p. a. 1839, p. 165, No. 638"; Beck 1930: 36; Schlauer & al. 2003). Ind. loc.: "In insula Ogurtsch'nsk [Ogurtschinsky Island / Aidak Island in the sutheastern part of Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan / Туркмения]" (Karelin 1839: 165). "Siberia uralensi in insula Ogurtschik [Ogurtschinsky Island / Aidak Island, Turkmenistan / Туркмения] m. caspii [Caspian Sea]! (Karel)" (Ledebour 1849: 314, sub P. flava). "auf der Insel Ogurtschinsk am Caspi See (Karelin als Ph. gigantea!)" (Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa)

= Amblatum tataricum Fisch. ex Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 12 (1847) ["Amblatum Tataricum Fisch. mss."], pro syn. Herbarium Specimens: "Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / ad lacum Inderiensem in desrto / Kirgisorum [Kazakhstan / Қазақстан: circa lacum Inderiensem [Ozero Inder] deserti transvolgensis a Tauchero et Helmio]; habitat etiam versus / Bactrianam [Bactria / Bactriana / Βακτριανή / Bāxtriš / Bākhtar / Pākhtar, Balkh, N.E. Afghanistan (Stearn 1992: 211)] in eodem deserto / Fischer" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983461 - P 02983461.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438609507; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011)

= Orobanche squamaria Fisch. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3(1,9): 314 (1849 [Jun 1849]) ["in herb. reg. berol."], pro syn. (Ledebour 1849: 314; ipni.org/n/662722-1)

= Orobanche rhizopus Wallr. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3(1,9): 314 (1849 [Jun 1849]) ["in herb. reg. berol."], pro syn. (Ledebour 1849: 314)

= Anblatum tataricum Fisch. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3(1,9): 314 (1849 [Jun 1849]) ["in litt."], pro syn. (Meyer in Ledebour 1830: 462; Ledebour 1849: 314). Ind. loc.: "Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / ad lacum Inderiensem [Ozero Inder / Inder Koli / Inder See / Inderskoye Ozero / Lake Inder, Atyrau Oblast, Kazakhstan / Қазақстан] in deserto / Kirgisorum; habitat etiam versus / Bactrianam [Bactria / Bactriana / Βακτριανή / Bāxtriš / Bākhtar / Pākhtar, Balkh, NE Afghanistan (Stearn 1992: 211)] in eodem deserto / Fischer". Herbarium Specimen: "Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / ad lacum Inderiensem in desrto / Kirgisorum [Kazakhstan / Қазақстан: circa lacum Inderiensem [Ozero Inder] deserti transvolgensis a Tauchero et Helmio]; habitat etiam versus / Bactrianam [Bactria / Bactriana / Βακτριανή / Bāxtriš / Bākhtar / Pākhtar, Balkh, N.E. Afghanistan (Stearn 1992: 211)] in eodem deserto / Fischer" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983461 - P 02983461.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438609507; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011)

? = Phelypaea incana Paine in Palestine Explor. Soc. Third Statem: 116 (1875 [Jan 1875]) (Post 1896: 603, "P. incana, Paine, belongs to this species"; Beck 1930: 36; IPNI 662920-1). Ind. loc.: Transjordania; "Palestina trans Jordanum [Transjordan / Lordship of Oultrejordain / Oultrejourdain] (Payme!)" (Boissier 1879: 501, P. salsa ["Tomentosae vel ciliatae" gr.]) [see C. fissa]

= Orobanche rhizopea Wallr. ex Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 36 (1930) ["in Herb. Petrop."], pro syn.

= Anblatum tataricum Fisch. ex Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 36 (1930) ["in litt. f. Ledebour"], pro syn. (Meyer in Ledebour 1830: 462Ledebour 1849: 314; Beck 1930: 36). Herbarium Specimens: "Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / ad lacum Inderiensem in desrto / Kirgisorum [Kazakhstan / Қазақстан: circa lacum Inderiensem [Ozero Inder] deserti transvolgensis a Tauchero et Helmio]; habitat etiam versus / Bactrianam [Bactria / Bactriana / Βακτριανή / Bāxtriš / Bākhtar / Pākhtar, Balkh, N.E. Afghanistan (Stearn, 1992: 211)] in eodem deserto / Fischer" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983461 - P 02983461.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438609507; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011)

= Cistanche jodostoma Butkov & Vved. in Fl. Uzbekist. 5: 508, 640 (1961). Ind. loc.: Tajikistan / Таджикистан: "near Mt. Isfara [Исфаринский район / Isfara District], Ferghana basin, TJ, 4. 1937, Gnezdillo (TAK 173099)" (https://www.ipni.org/n/661958-1; Schlauer & al. 2003). Herbarium Specimen: "... / Cistanche jodostoma Butkov et Vved. / Памиро Алай [Pamir-Alai] Туркестанский хребет [Turkestan Range] / Исфара р-н - Шураб [Исфаринский район / Isfara District - Shurab (Sughd Region / Согдийская область / Вилояти Суғд)] / VII.1970  Собр. Т. Цукерваник [Leg. T. Zuckervanik]" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0877625 - MW 0877625.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1799049358; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018, terra class. of C. jodostoma Butkov & Vved.)

= Cistanche speciosa Butkov in Fl. Uzbekist. 5: 509, 641 (1961). Ind. loc.: Uzbekistan / Узбекистан (https://www.ipni.org/n/661970-1; Schlauer & al. 2003)

= Cistanche stenostachya Butkov in Fl. Uzbekist. 5: 508, 641 (1961). Ind. loc.: Uzbekistan / Узбекистан (https://www.ipni.org/n/661971-1; Schlauer & al. 2003)

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= Cistanche salsa var. longidens Gilli in Feddes Repert. 82(6): 383 (1971) (https://www.ipni.org/n/887917-1; Ataei 2017: 115, sub C. salsa). Herbarium Specimens: Holotype: 1. "Orobanche / Turkey. Prov. Konya: Yavsan Memleh- /asi nr. Tuz Golu. Parasitic on / Kochia (?) 18700. Fl. pale lilac / with yellow throat. / Anthers / cream. / 8 June 1852. Davis 18709 & Dodds.". 2. "... Cistanche salsa (C.A.Meyer) G. Beck / var. longidens Gilli var. nov. / 1966 det. A. Gilli". 3. "Holotype / of Cistanche salsa (C.A.Mey.) Beck var. longidens Gilli / in Feddes Repert. 82(6): 383. (1971)." (E 00028880 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/575212074). Paratype: "Orobanche / Turkey. Prov. Konya: Yavsan Memlehasi / nr. Tuz Golu. Parasitic on Kochia [Chenopodiaceae] / 18700. / 8 June 1952. Davis 18719 & Dodds." (E 00028881 - E 00028881.zip - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/575189129)

= Cistanche salsa var. albiflora P.F. Tu & Z.C. Lou in Bull. Bot. Res. NE Forest. Univ. 14(1): 32 (1994) (Tu & al. 1994; Schlauer & al. 2003). Ind. loc.: Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region: "China: Ningxia: Yanchi in Salsola passerina Bunge [Chenopodiaceae] parasitica. 23 May 1992" (CVH, accessed Oct 2013). Herbarium Specimens: "Цветущее растение-альбинос в глинистой пустыне. Казахстан, Кызылординская обл. [Kazakhstan / Қазақстан, Kyzylorda region, Shieli District / Шиелі ауданы, 44°20'46.3"N 66°25'08.4"E] 27.04.2011" (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/91603.html by Юрий Пирогов [Yuri Pirogov], 2011 in Plantarium; accessed Sep 2012)

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= Orobanche salsa [var. normalis] f. breviloba Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225[-226] (1887) [Trudy Imperatorskago S.-Peterburgskago Botaniceskago Sada. Acta horti petropolitani]. Ind loc.: "Turkmenen-Steppe". Herbarium Specimen: Holotype: "Orobanche Salsa (C.A. Mey.) m. [Kuntze] / normalis / f. breviloba m. [Kuntze] / 371 Turkmenien V 86 [May 1886] / Herbarium Otto Kuntze." (NY 00312481 - Kuntze 371)

= Cistanche salsa f. luxurians Novopokr. [in sched.]. Herbarium Specimen: 1. "...1930 ... Nş 13115 ... Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Сырдарьинские пустыни и Кызылкумы [Central Asia and Kazakhstan, the Syr Darya Desert and the Kyzyl Kum]." 2. "Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / f. luxurians m. / 12.VII.1949 / Det. I. Novopokrovsky" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0877630 - MW 0877630.jpg)

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Misapplied names:

Phelypaea violacea auct., non Phelypaea violacea, Fl. Atlant. 2: 60[-61], t. 145 (1798) (e.g., powo.science.kew.org/taxon/661966-1 [glabrous plants])

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Ind. loc.: "Hab. in locis argilloso-salsis deserti soongoro [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria] - kirghisici trans fl. [fluvium / river] Kurtschum [Kürshim river, 48°36'50.0"N 83°31'43.0"E, East Kazakhstan Province / Шығыс Қазақстан облысы / Şığıs Qazaqstan oblısı, Kazakhstan / Қазақстан] orientem versus (M. [Meyer]) — Fl. Majo." (Meyer in Ledebour 1830: 462).

Typus / Type: «Lectotype (designated here): [1.] "910. / legi in argilloso-salsis ad / Irtisch [Irtysh river] et Noor-Saissan [Lake Zaysan / Zaisan nuur (Tarbagatay District, East Kazakhstan Region, Kazakhstan)] / Maj 1826" leg. C.A. Meyer 910 [. – 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) / G. Beck / Legit C.A. Meyer V.1826 / 1948.5.V Determ. I. Novopokrovsky]" (LE01106977 [http://re.herbariumle.ru/01106977]; Supporting information); authentic herbarium specimen also in St Petersburg (LE01106975 [http://re.herbariumle.ru/01106975], LE01106976 [http://re.herbariumle.ru/01106976], LE01106978), in Paris (P02983459, P02983461) and Philadelphia (PH00029577)» (Uhlich & Rätzel 2024: 23, Suppl. Fig. 33).

1. "Phelipaea salsa / C.A. Meyer / Altai". – 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck / 16.IX.1947 Determ. I. Novopokrovsky". – 3. "Typus" (http://re.herbariumle.ru/01106978 - LE 01106978.jpg [Record creation: 2021-02-05, Denis Melnikov, PhotoScan D2]); Type in LE (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 25[23]; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22; Gilli 1982: 3, holotype LE); Collections of C.F.Ledebour from Siberia (LE); "Altai" (PH 00029577, Type ["Collection date Not on sheet"]; Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (PH) in Jstor).

See: 1. "Phelipaea salsa / C.A. Meyer / Altai / m. Ledebour 1831". 2. "Cistanche deserticola Ma / Det.-rev. Ataei 05-2014" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983459 - P 02983459.jpg - herb. A. Jussieu 1857 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438278833; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Phelipaea salsa / C.A. Meyer / Altai / Ledebour 1836" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983461 - P 02983461.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438609507; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Designated by: Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev, Flora SSSR 23: 23[28] (1958).

Host: Mainly parasitic on Amaranthaceae Juss. [incl. Chenopodiaceae Vent.] family and, perhaps, on other families too (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 25[23]; Zhang 1990: 87-89 [FRPS]; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009).

Amaranthaceae Juss. [incl. Chenopodiaceae Vent.]

Anabasis L. China (Peng & Wang 1996: 97); Iran (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 97).

Anabasis cretacea Pall. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 25[23]).

Anabasis salsa (Ledeb.) Benth. ex Volkens. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 25[23]).

Atriplex cana C.A. Mey. Kazakhstan (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 25[23]; https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/641447.html and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/641448 by Владимир Колбинцев [Vladimir Kolbintsev]).

Atriplex verrucifera M. Bieb. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 25[23]).

Bassia All. sp. [Kochia sp.]. Turkey (E 00028880 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/575212074; E 00028881 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/575189129).

Caroxylon orientale (S.G. Gmel.) Tzvelev [≡ Salsola orientalis S.G. Gmel.]. Turkmenistan (LE 01280234.jpg).

Caroxylon passerinum (Bunge) Akhani & Roalson [≡ Salsola passerina Bunge]. China (Zhang 1990: 87-89 [FRPS]; Tu & al. 1994).

Kalidium Moq. China (Zhang 1990: 87-89 [FRPS]; Peng & Wang 1996: 97; IFP 13299999w0004)

Kalidium caspicum Ung.-Sternb. [≡ Salicornia caspica L.]. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 25[23]).

Kalidium cuspidatum (Ung.-Sternb.) Grubov [≡ Kalidium arabicum var. cuspidatum Ung.-Sternb.]. China (Zhang 1990: 87-89 [FRPS]).

Kalidium foliatum (Pall.) Moq. [≡ Salicornia foliata Pall.]. China (Zhang 1990: 87-89 [FRPS]; http://www.nwipb.cas.cn/xwzx/kyjz/202005/t20200529_5600371.html).

Kalidium gracile Fenzl. China (Zhang 1990: 87-89 [FRPS]).

Sympegma regelii Bunge. China (http://www.nwipb.cas.cn/xwzx/kyjz/202005/t20200529_5600371.html).

Asteraceae Bercht. & J. Presl [= Compositae Giseke]

Artemisia L. Kazakhstan (photo 01 [parasitizing Artemisia sp.?] and https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1946335192 by Юрий Данилевский [Yuriy Danilevsky]; https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/401036.html [parasitizing Artemisia sp.?] by Юрий Данилевский [Yuriy Danilevsky]; https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/18632696 [parasitizing Artemisia sp.?] by Юрий Данилевский [Yuriy Danilevsky]; https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/21062564 [parasitizing Artemisia sp.?] by Marina Nikonorova).

Cancrinia maximowiczii C. Winkl. [= Tanacetum falcatolobatum Krasch.]. China (http://www.nwipb.cas.cn/xwzx/kyjz/202005/t20200529_5600371.html).

Nitrariaceae Lindl.

Nitraria sibirica Pall. [unconfirmed]China (Zhang 1990: 87-89 [FRPS]; Peng & Wang 1996: 97).

Poaceae Barnhart

Neotrinia splendens (Trin.) M. Nobis, P.D. Gudkova & A. Nowak [≡ Achnatherum splendens (Trin.) Nevski [unconfirmed]China (Zhang 1990: 87-89 [FRPS]; Peng & Wang 1996: 97).

Tamaricaceae Link

Reaumuria songarica (Pall.) MaximChina (Zhang 1990: 87-89 [FRPS]; Peng & Wang 1996: 97).

Comments:

Morphological observations:

Cistanche salsa: "Ph . sublanata, squamis floralibus ovato-lanceolatis calyce longioribus, bracteis sublinearibus, calycis lobis semiorbiculatis aequalibus, corollae rectiusculae tubulosae campanulatae lobis subaequalibus semiorbiculatis patentibus" (Meyer in Ledebour 1830: 461-462).

Cistanche armena is a different species to Cistanche salsa (Aghababyan 2013: 135, sub C. armena; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 13, sub C. armena).

Cistanche deserticola can be confused with Cistanche salsa, the first species can be distinguished for its "bracts subequalling corolla, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate; corolla brown when dry" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998 [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=107147]).

Cistanche violacea can be confused with Cistanche salsa, the latter can be distinguished for its densely woolly bracts and bracteoles (woolly C. salsa in Boulos 2002: 94, key).

Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.: "Flowers yellowish white, tipped with reddish chocolate, or maroon, each flower being subtended by a large bract, which is fringed with a line of short white hairs. An extremely handsome parasite, differing from C. Salsae in being wholly glabrous except the margins of the bracts" (Aitchison 1888: 93-94).

Related Species:

Cistanche afghanica Gilli in Candollea 34(2): 288 (1979). Syn.: = Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Korsh. in Zap. in Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd.: 6 (1896); = Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 336, t. 215 (1936).

Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930)

Phelypaea ambigua Bunge in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 7: 429 (1851)

Orobanche salsa var. ambigua (Bunge) Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 225 (1887) ["δ ambigua O. Ktze."] (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 14)

Phelypaea trivalvis Trautv. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 467 (1877) (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 25[23], sub C. ambigua)

Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Korsh. in Zap. Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd.: 6 (1896) (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 25[23], sub C. ambigua; Gilli 1979: 287, sub C. ambigua)

Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 336 (1936) (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 25[23], sub C. ambigua; Gilli 1979: 287, 290 sub C. ambigua)

Ind. loc.: "Hab. Lehmsteppe in der Wüste Kisil-kum [Kyzyl Kum / Qizilqum / Қызылқұм, (It is located in Central Asia, in the land between the confluent rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya, a region historically known as Transoxania. Today it is divided among Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan)] 20. April 1842." (Bunge 1851: 429); "In desertis argillosis prope Kisil Kum in Turkestan [Turkistan] (Lehmann!)" (Beck 1930: 40); "Described from Kyzyl Kum desert. Type in Paris (?), topotype in Leningrad [LE]" (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 26[24]). "Type:—Turkestan (holotype): Kisil-Kum [Kyzylkum desert], Lehmann [Alexandri Lehmann reliquiae botanicae] (P-02970944!). Basionym:—Phelypaea ambigua Bunge (1851: 429). Homotypic synonym:—Orobanche salsa var. ambigua (Bunge) Kuntze (1887: 225)" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 14, sub C. armena).

Ic.: Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 30[37] t. 3 f. 1 [= C. trivalvis].

Host-plants: "Parasitic on species of saxaul (Haloxylon Bge.), possibly also on other Chenopodiaceae" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 26[24], sub C. ambigua [see C. trivalvis]); "Calligonum (Polygonaceae)" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 97, sub C. ambigua [see C. trivalvis]).

Obs. "Speciinen unicum [!], planta tamen distinctissima inter Trionychia et Cistanches intermedia et Ph. fissae C. A. Mey. proxima, ab hac vero calyce integro distincta; a simillima Ph. salsa differt calyce, corollis angustioribus longioribus, et antheris apiculatis; cum caeteris haud confundenda" (Bunge 1851: 429); "Non vidi ... affinis P. fissa et salsae" (Boissier 1879: 502, P. ambigua); "Nec Boissier neque autor specimen huius plantae vidit, quae Cistanchi fissae proxima vel identica esse videtur" (Beck 1930: 40); "corolla ... more or less hairy ... often along edges of lobes too" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 26[24], sub C. ambigua [see C. trivalvis]). After looking at the types of the two taxa, we believe that Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) is a synonym for C. salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck and C. ambigua sensu Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958, Ataei & al. 2020 et auct. pl., non Bunge is a synonym for C. trivalvis (Trautv.) Korsh.

Herbarium Specimens: "Phelypaea ambigua / Alexandri Lehmann / reliquiae botanicae. / ... / Kisil-Kum [Kazakhstan? - Turkmenistan? - Uzbekistan?] / Al. Bunge" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02970944 - P 02970944.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437448054 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/7C4A7AFD2E9D4937B77430C96AD9A26A; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2015, holotype (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 9.1.Ex. 1, "Speciinen unicum" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 14, sub C. armena)) of Phelypaea ambigua [inflorescence cylindrical, dense; flowers erect; corolla straight, tube white, lobes semicircular, almost equal, glabrous and dark violet (see C. salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck)]). «Lectotype (designated here): "Alexandri Lehmann / Reliquiae botanicae. / Lehmsteppe [in der Wüste] / Kisil-Kum, [20 IV 1842] / Al. Bunge." (P02970944; Supporting information)» (Uhlich & Rätzel 2024: 22, Suppl. Fig. 30).

Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 336, t. 215 (1936) ["(sp. n.) Sectio Eu-cistanche G. Beck in Orobancliaceae (Pflanzenreich, 96. Heft [IV. 261]; Leipz. 1930"]. Syn.: = Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Korsh. in Zap. in Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd.: 6 (1896); ? = Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 25[23], 31[30]), t. 3 f. 1, sub C. ambigua; Gilli 1979: 287-288, 290, sub C. ambigua).

Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Korsh. in Zap. in Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd.: 6 (1896) (https://www.ipni.org/n/77112552-1; Beck 1930: 37). Syn.: Phelypaea trivalvis Trautv. in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 467 (1877); Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 37 (1930), nom. superfl.; ? = Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 25[23], sub C. ambigua; Gilli 1979: 287, sub C. ambigua); = Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 336, t. 215 (1936).

Taxonomic observations.

Boissier 1879: 501 placed P. salsa in his group "Tomentosae vel ciliatae" togheter with C. ambigua (Bunge) Beck [sensu Boiss. = C. trivalvis (Trautv.) Korsh.!] and C. fissa.

According to Beck 1930: 27 this species belongs to the Cistanche sect. Eucistanche Beck (flowers with two bracteoles and campanulate calyx with obtuse, rounded and regular lobes).

Based on its phylogenetic relationships, Ataei & al. 2020 indicate that it is a member of "Southwest Asian Clade". The species placed in this Clade by Ataei & al. 2020 are: C. ambigua (Bunge) Beck [= C. trivalvis (Trautv.) Korsh.!], C. deserticola Ma, C. fissa (C.A. Mey) Beck (s.l.), C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. (s.l.), C. salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895).

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, Ledebour, Icon. Pl. 4: t. 376 (1833) (Meyer in Ledebour, Fl. Altaic. 2: 462. 1830); b, Baikonur, Kazakhstan [Окрестности города Байконур, Казахстан], https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1946335192, photo 01 and 02 by Юрий Данилевский [Yuriy Danilevsky] in Photos of plants in Kazakhstan by Yuriy75, accessed Mar 2012]; c, f. 256-8, Cistanche salsa in Flora of China; e, http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983467 - P 02983467.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437278466 (Tengi Charam, Plantes du Turkestan); d, NY 00312481 (Orobanche salsa f. breviloba, holotype); e. Regel, Iter turkest. n. 369 (COI 00056960); f, CVH [FRPS 69: 88 t. 23 f. 7. 1990], accessed Oct 2013; g, CVH [4: 355 t. 140 f. 1-6], accessed Oct 2013; CVH [5: 316 t. 128 f. 1-6], accessed Oct 2013; h, PPBC id: 855525, PPBC id: 855526, PPBC id: 855524 in http://ppbc.iplant.cn/sp/31068 - www.plantphoto.cn - FRPS (accessed Oct 2013); i, CVH: PE 01542448, PE 01542444, PE 01542445, PE 01542446, PE 01542447, IFP 13299999w0004 (on Kalidium); BJM 169807, IATM 0001744... (accessed Oct 2013).

Distribution: Afghanistan [unconfirmed], Armenia [in error for C. armena], Azerbaijan [in error for C. fissa], China, Egypt [in error], Iran, Israel [in error for C. fissa or C. violacea], Jordan [in error], Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Russia, Syria [unconfirmed], Tajikistan, Turkey [needs to be revised], Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.

"Songaria, Sibiria Uralensis" (Boissier 1879: 501, P. salsa); "Asia Minor, Armenia-Kurdistan, Iran, Dzhungaria-Kasgharia, Tibet, Mongolia (southern part)" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 23[28]); "Gansu, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Xinjiang [Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan; SW Asia]" (C. salsa in Flora of China); distribution (Greuter & al. 1989: 255; Domina & Raab-Straube 2010).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Afghanistan /  افغانستان / Afġānistān / Afganistán [unconfirmed]

Balkh Province: "Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / ad lacum Inderiensem [Ozero Inder / Inder Koli / Inder See / Inderskoye Ozero / Lake Inder, Atyrau Oblast, Kazakhstan] in desrto / Kirgisorum; habitat etiam versus / Bactrianam [Bactria / Bactriana / Βακτριανή / Bāxtriš / Bākhtar / Pākhtar, Balkh, NE Afghanistan (Stearn 1992: 211)] in eodem deserto / Fischer" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983461 - P 02983461.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438609507; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "N: Mazar-e Sarif [Mazār-i-Sharīf / Mazār-e Sharīf]: in desertis inter Mazar-i Sharif et Tashkurghan, Rech. 34226" (Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. salsa [E 00028878; C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl., rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2013]).

Helmand Province: "Afghanistan: SE: Kandahar: 5 km N. of Darweshan [31°08'00"N 64°11'33"E]. Parasitic on Alhagi [Fabaceae (Leguminosae)] in desert sand, ca. 1300 m, 21.IV.1969, Hedge & Ekberg W 7213 ([holo-]typus E [E 00028887)" (Gilli 1979: 288, loc. class. of C. afghanica).

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Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien [reported in error for the endemic Cistanche armena (Koch 1844: 291, loc. class. of P. armena)]

N.B. "To the best of my knowledge, Cistanche salsa proper has never been found in Armenia, nor is it likely to grow in nearby Nahičevan" (Aghababyan 2013: 133-35, sub C. armena); "C. salsa proper has never been found in Armenia, nor is it likely to grow in nearby Nakhichevan (Aghababyan 2013, and our field and herbarium revision" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 13, sub C. armena).

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaďdjan [unconfirmed, see C. fissa]

Qakh District / Qax rayonu / Гахский район: "Azerbaijan [41°05'33.9"N 46°39'20.1"E 41.092750, 46.655583, Qakh (Ilisu State Reserve / Илисуинский заповедник)], 11 Apr 2024" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/207528451 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/uzeyirmikayil , sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, sub C. fissa [corolla-lobes hairy inside and outside]).

No precise location given: "Herb. Acad. Petrop. / N.ş 898 / Phelipaea fissa C. A. M. / Fl. Caucas. legit C.A. Meyer 1829. 1930 [Bakı / Баку, Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан] // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02970922 - P 02970922.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437152303; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2016, type of P. fissa?).

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Caucasus / Cáucaso / Caucas / Caucase [unconfirmed, see C. armena and C. fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck]

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China / Chine / 中国 / Китай (Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, "Sina", sub C. salsa; Gilli 1982: 3, "Sinkiang, Tibet", sub C. salsa; FRPS 69: 87-89. 1990, sub C. salsa; C. salsa in FRPS; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998 [Gansu, Nei Mongol [Inner Mongolia], Qinghai, Xinjiang] sub C. salsa; Wang & al. 2019, sub C. salsa; cfh.ac.cn/Spdb/35906.sp, accessed Nov 2020)

Gansu / 甘肃省 / Kan-su / Kansu / Kan-suh: "China: ... Zentralchina: im Flußtale des Hwang-ho [Yellow River / Huang He / Hwang Ho] (Przewalski); Kan-su [Gansu]: südlich des Hwang-ho (Piasecki nach. Maximowicz)" (Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa); "Gansu" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. salsa); "Gansu" (Wang & al. 2019, sub C. salsa).

Nei Mongol Autonomous Region / Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region / Внутренняя Монголия / 內蒙古 / 内蒙古自治区 (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. salsa). 1959.05.20 (HIMC 0034626) 1985.05.16 (HIMC 0034628)

Alxa League / 阿拉善盟: 中国 内蒙古自治区 阿拉善右旗 [n. 615, on Kalidium, 1956.5.27] (IFP 13299999w0004; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019).

Ulanqab / 乌兰察布市: 42°30'16.0"N 111°17'02.0"E, Dorbod Banner, Ulanqab - det. 渠弼 (IATM 0001744; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020).

Xilingol League / 锡林郭勒盟: 1. 中国 内蒙 锡林郭勒盟 西苏旗二连东北90公里林场附 [n. 37, 1959.5.11]. 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Z.Y. Zhang  85.11.1" (PE 01542443; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019); 中国 内蒙 锡林郭勒盟 西苏旗二连东北90公里林场附 [n. 37, 1959.5.11] (PE 01542444; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019); 中国 内蒙 锡林郭勒盟 西苏旗二连东北90公里林场附 [n. 37, 1959.5.11] (PE 01542445; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019); 1. 中国 内蒙古自治区 锡盟 西苏 [n. 37, 1959.5.11]. 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / 马毓泉 [Ma Yuquan] 1979.8.14" (WUK 0185253; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019).

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR) / 宁夏回族自治区 / 宁夏 / Ningxia / Ning-hsia: "China: Ningxia: Yanchi in Salsola passerina Bunge [Caroxylon passerinum (Bunge) Akhani & Roalson] parasitica. 23 May 1992" (Tu & al. 1994 et CVH, loc. class. of C. salsa var. albiflora, accessed Oct 2013).

Qinghai Province / Tsinghai / Kokonur / 青海省 (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. salsa)

"西北高原所发现盐生肉苁蓉青海新纪录 [Northwest Plateau (Tibetan Plateau / Qinghai-Tibet Plateau / 青藏高原) in Qinghai] 2020-05-29 科技处 [This is the first discovery in Qinghai] ... 近日,在第二次青藏高原科考藏药资源考察中,西北高原所周玉碧副研究员带领考察团队,于青海共和盆地荒漠区发现青海新纪录物种——盐生肉苁蓉Cistanche salsa (C. A. Mey.) G. Beck。本次发现的盐生肉苁蓉分别寄生于盐爪爪Kalidium foliatum (Pall.) Moq.、合头草Sympegma regelii Bunge、灌木小甘菊Cancrinia maximowiczii C. Winkl.,其中合头草和灌木小甘菊为首次发现的新寄主。" (http://www.nwipb.cas.cn/xwzx/kyjz/202005/W020200529635286229801.jpg et nwipb.cas.cn/xwzx/kyjz/202005/W020200529635286015767.jpg in nwipb.cas.cn/xwzx/kyjz/202005/t20200529_5600371 - nwipb.cas.cn [Chinese Academy of Sciences], accessed Nov 2020).

Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) / 西藏自治区 / Tibet / Xizang / Xizang Autonomous Region: "China: bei Tangut [Tibet] am Hange des Joches Ballkun bei 10000' Seehöhe (Przewalski n. 198)" (Beck 1930: 37); "Tibet" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 23[28]); "Tibet" (Gilli 1982: 3, sub C. salsa).

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region / 新疆维吾尔自治区 / Xinjiang / Sinkiang / 新疆: "Sinkiang" (Gilli 1982: 3, sub C. salsa); "Xinjiang" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. salsa); "Xinjiang" (Wang & al. 2019, sub C. salsa). 1983.05.03 (HIMC 0034630)

Kashgar Prefecture / 喀什地区: 1. 中国 新疆 喀什市 小阿图什去国际公社途中 [n. 405, 1959.4.25]. 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / 张志耘 [Z.Y. Zhang] 1985.11.1" (PE 01542446 et PE 01542447; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019).

Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture / 伊犁哈萨克自治州: "A. Regel, Iter Turkestanicum 1877.VII.11 / Phelipaea salsa C.A. M. / prope Kuldscha [Yining / Gulja / Kulja / Ili (Kuldscha region, Chinese name Ili province, Russian name Kuldscha district)]" (http://www.botanicalcollections.be/specimen/BR0000008576972 - https://oxalis.br.fgov.be/images/BR0/000/008/576/972/BR0000008576972.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/40730418908; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024); "Dsungarei [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria]!: Snidun bei Kuldscha [Yining / Gulja / Kulja / Ili] (Regel)..." (Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa).

Tacheng Prefecture / 塔城地区 (Wang & al. 2019, sub C. salsa).

Tacheng / 塔城市: "Jianga’erhan, Tacheng, Xinjiang" (Wang & al. 2019, sub C. salsa).

Toli County / 托里县: "Hejiaoke, Tuoli, Xinjiang" (Wang & al. 2019, sub C. salsa).

Ürümqi / 乌鲁木齐市: 1. 中国 新疆 乌鲁木齐市 烈士陵园 [n. 87064, 1987.5.11]]. 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / 陈淑荣 [Chen Shurong] 2007.3.28" (PE 01542448; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019); "王琦 [Wang Qi] 1900.1.1 拍摄: 新疆维吾尔自治区 乌鲁木齐市 沙依巴克区 [Saybag / 沙依巴克区, Ürümqi / 乌鲁木齐市]" (PPBC id: 2191967, accessed Mar 2019).

Wensu County / 温宿县: 中国 温宿县破城子红山口 (BJM 169807, accessed Mar 2019).

Mistaken determination: PPBC id: 855527 林秦文 拍摄 (accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018 [see C. deserticola]).

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Dsungarei [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria / Джунгария / 准噶尔: Xinjiang (China), western Mongolia and eastern Kazakhstan]! (Boissier 1879: 501, sub P. salsa; Beck 1930: 37; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. salsa, Dshungaria)

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Egypt / مصر / Egipto / Ägypten (Tackholm 1974; Boulos 2002: 95-96) [reported in error for the Cistanche violacea. C. violacea can be confused with C. salsa, which can be distinguished for their densely woolly bracts and bracteoles (Moreno Moral & al. 2018: 20)]

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Iran / Irán / Persia / Persien (Reuter 1847: 12, sub P. salsa; Boissier 1879: 501, P. salsa; Bornmüller 1904: 686, sub C. salsa; Beck 1930: 36, sub C. salsa; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. salsa; Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. salsa; Gilli 1982: 3, "W. & C. Iran"; Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 99 sub C. salsa)

Ardabil Province: 1. "Aucher-Eloy-Herbier d'Orient Nş. 5078 (C". 2. "Herb. Mus. Paris / Phelipaea salsa C.A. Meyer / Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / Perse" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983460 - P 02983460.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438609506; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013, C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.); "Aucher-Eloy-Herbier d'Orient Nş. 5078 (C [Perse]" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02970910 - P 02970910.jpg - herb. Cosson - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437448051; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011, C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.); "Phelipaea salsa C.A. Meyer / (Perse) alp. Savalan [Mount Sabalan, 38°16'03.7"N 47°50'12.7"E, Ardabil Province, extreme north west of Iran] / Aucher-Eloy-Herbier d'Orient Nş. 5079 [leg. Aucher]" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983462 - P 02983462.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439276773; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2013 [the sheet contains three specimens, the right-hand specimen seems to correspond to C. ridgewayana, the others to C. salsa but need to be confirmed (Ataei 2017: 115, sub C. salsa)]); idem (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p03811168 - P 03811168.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/607580252; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2018 [C. salsa specimen is not typical, it needs be confirmed]).

East Azerbaijan Province: 1. "Ex herbario horti Petropolitani. / Phelipaea salsa C.A. Mey. / Persia bor.  Szovits [Szovits, Johann Nepomuk (1782-1830)]". 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Meyer) G. Beck, rev. Najibeh Ataei 05.2014 (Ataei 2017: 115, sub C. salsa)" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983466 - P 02983466.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437945800; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019); 1. "Ex herbario horti Petropolitani. / Phelipaea salsa C.A. Mey. / Persia bor.  Szovits". 2. "Herb. Musei Hist. Natur. Vindob. / Cistanche salsa (C.A. Meyer) G. Beck / 1966  rev. A. Gilli". 3. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Meyer) G. Beck, rev. Najibeh Ataei May 2014" (http://data.rbge.org.uk/herb/E00028879 - E 00028879.zip - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/574898479; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov. 2013 [poorly preserved specimens, see C. salsa var. longidens Gilli]); "prov. Aderbidjan [Iranian Azerbaijan] (Szov. [Szovits]!)" (Boissier 1879: 501, sub P. salsa); "Persien!: im nördlichen Persien zwischen Schachhauli und Tutorbula (Szovits n. 177) ... in der Provinz Aderbidjan [Iranian Azerbaijan] (Szovits nach Boissier)" (Beck 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); "W: Azerbaijan, Szov." (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. salsa); "Azerbaijan: Jolfa-Aras, 790 m, Foroughi 5701." (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 99, sub C. salsa); "Iran, Fars: Jolfa, Aras, 790 m, Foroughi 5701 (TARI)" (Shahi Shavvon & Saeidi Mehrvarz 2010: 620, sub C. salsa).

Isfahan / Esfahan Province: "Phelipaea salsa Mey? / Ispahan [Sepahan / Esfahan / Hispahan, Isfahan County] / Aucher-Eloy-Herbier d'Orient Nş. 5080 [leg. Aucher]" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02970911 - P 02970911.jpg - hb. Durand - gbif.org/occurrence/438446415; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "prope Ispahan (Auch.! n. 5080!)" (Reuter 1847: 12, sub P. salsa); "ad Ssou inter Ispahan [Isfahan] et Kaschan [Kashan] (Buhse!)" (Boissier 1879: 501, P. salsa); "Ispahan et Teheran [Tehran Province] (Bge.!)" (Boissier 1879: 501, sub P. salsa); "am Ssou zwischen Ispahan und Kaschan (Buhse nach Boissier)" (Beck 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); "um Ispahan (Aucher n. 5079, 5080 und Bunge nach Boissier)" (Beck 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); " Esf.: Prope Espahan [Sepahan / Esfahan / Hispahan], Auch. 5080. Inter Espahan et Kashan [Kāshān / Kachan, Kashan County], Buhse 1427." (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. salsa); "Esf. [Isfahan Province]: 24 km N.E. Murcheh Khvort, 1750 m, Rech. [K.H. Rechinger] 46653 [B 10 0264818, C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.]. Kolah Ghazi Protected Region [Kolah Ghazi National Park-Esfahan, Isfahan Province]: 25 km N.E. Esfahan, 1700-2000 m, Rech. 46697" (Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. salsa); "Kashan [Kashan County]: in montibus N. Muteh, 1950-2000 m, Rech. 46857" (Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. salsa, E 00028877; C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl., rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2013); "Persia prope Ispahan (Auch. 5080!)" (Gilli 1979: 291); "Esfahan: between Faridan & Esfahan, Ghahreman, Sheikholeslmi & Aghustin 8825 (TUH)" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon, 2008: 99 sub C. salsa); "Esfahan: between Faridan & Esfahan, Ghahreman, Sheikh eslami & Aghustin 8 825 (TUH)" (Shahi Shavvon & Saeidi Mehrvarz 2010: 620, sub C. salsa).

Kerman Province / Ostān-e Kermān: "inter Kerman [Kermān / Kirman / Carmania, Kerman County] et Yezd [Yezd / Jezd, Yazd County]" (Boissier 1879: 501, sub Ph. salsa); "zwischen Kerman und Jezd ... (Bunge nach Boissier)" (Beck 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); "C: Yazd: Inter Kerman [Kermān / Kirman / Carmania, Kerman County] et Yazd [Yezd / Jezd, Yazd County]" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. salsa); "Kermansh.: Kuh-e Bimar [mountain] prope Deh-e Hukani [Hukani-ye Sofla], 1400 m, Wdb & Assadi 16750" (Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. salsa).

Semnan Province / Ostān-e Semnān: "H. Freitag: Herbarium Iranicum / Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Semnan prov. [Semnan Province / Ostān-e Semnān] / 38 km E of Shahrud at road to Mayamei / ... on Astragalus squarrosus [?] / 1280 m  19. 5.1978 / Leg. Freitag 15538 / Det. Freitag" (B 10 0264813; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013, C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.); "Azerb. [Iranian Azerbaijan]: Moghan [Moghān, Howmeh Rural District, Shahrud County] prope fines rossicas, Aubert in Pabot AM 14" (Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. salsa); "C: Damgh.-Semn: in deserto supra Sorkheh [Surkheh, Sorkheh District, Semnan County] prope Semnan, 1300-1400 m, Rech. 52165 [B 10 0264819, C. ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl.]. Kavir Protected Region [Kavir National Park, Dasht-e Kavir / Kavir-e Namak / Great Salt Desert, Iranian plateau]: 60 km S.E. Karavan-Sarai Shah Abbas [Karavan-Saray Shah Abbas], 900 m, Rech. 50176" (Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. salsa); "Semnan: Shahru, Ahmad Abad, to Darb Ahangh, Iranshahr 32300 (IRAN)" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 99, sub C. salsa).

Tehran Province: "Ispahan et Teheran (Bge.!)" (Boissier 1879: 501, sub P. salsa); "sowie bei Teheran (Bunge nach Boissier)" (Beck 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); "Espahan et Teheran, Bge." (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. salsa); "Kavir Protected Region [Kavir National Park, Dasht-e Kavir / Kavir-e Namak / Great Salt Desert, Iranian plateau]: 60 km S.E. Karavan-Sarai Shah Abbas [Karavan-Saray Shah Abbas], 900 m, Rech. 50176." (Gilli 1979: 291, sub C. salsa); "Tehran: Kvir region, 80 km NW Shah Abbasi Karvansaraye, 900 m, Wendelbo, Alla & Cobham 10847; Kavir protected regions in Ghom lake, 750-800 m, Runemark, Foroughi & Assadi 19548" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 99 sub C. salsa).

 Yazd Province: "...Yezd [Yezd / Jezd]" (Boissier 1879: 501, P. salsa); "zwischen Kerman und Jezd ... (Bunge nach Boissier)" (Beck 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); "C: Yazd: Inter Kerman [Kermān / Kirman / Carmania, Kerman County, Kerman Province / Ostān-e Kermān] et Yazd [Yezd / Jezd]" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. salsa).

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Israel / Palestine / Palaestina [reported in error for the Cistanche violacea or C. fissa. C. violacea can be confused with C. salsa, which can be distinguished for their densely woolly bracts and bracteoles (Moreno Moral & al. 2018: 20)]

Southern District: Cistanche salsa (C.A.Mey.) Beck, East of Jordan, J.A. Paine, 1873 - Collection Number: Com10/ 74. Palestine Exploration Society (K 000283208, n.v. [cf. C. fissa]); "Palestina trans Jordanum [Transjordan / Lordship of Oultrejordain / Oultrejourdain] (Payme!)" (Boissier 1879: 501, P. salsa ["Tomentosae vel ciliatae" gr.]); "Eastern Moab; Syrian Desert" (Post 1896: 603, "P. incana, Paine, belongs to this species"); "Palaestina" (Bornmüller 1904: 686, sub C. salsa); "Palaestina, jenseits des Jordan (Payne nach Boissier)" (Beck 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); "C. Negev [Negev desert]; Dead Sea area; E. Gilead [Galaad / Transjordan]" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 210, t. 355 C. salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck [apparently, in this drawing the bracts are glabrous like in the case of C. violacea]); "Израиль, г. Ашкелон, дюны. 24.02.2010. [Israel ciudad de Ashkelon ... 24.02.2010]" (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/104270.html by Татьяна Мальчинская [Tatiana Malchinski] 2011 [apparently, in this photo the bracts are glabrous like in the case of C. violacea] in Plantarium; accessed Aug 2012); Israel desert, Dead Sea (photos treknature.com/gallery/Middle_East/Israel/photo252930 and 43777 by Ori Fragman Sapir in www.treknature.com; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013 [C. violacea]); "Fig. 3. Cistanche salsa, at Shunra Sands, Western Negev Desert, S Israel. – Photograph by O. Fragman-Sapir" (Aghababyan 2013: 136 f. 3, sub C. salsa; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013 [C. violacea]); "Negev desert" (http://www.srgc.net/forum/index.php?topic=5044.msg137432#msg137432 by Oron Peri; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013 [C. violacea]); "Arava Valley, Paran / Parasite on roots of Haloxylon negevensis [Haloxylon negevensis (Iljin & Zohary) Boulos; Hammada negevensis Iljin & Zohary (Chenopodiaceae)]" (photo 319/31954 by Avinoam Danin, sub C. salsa, in Flora of Israel Online; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2012 [C. violacea, apparently, in these photos the bracts are glabrous]); "Western Negev, Halutza sands" (photo 271/27127 and 271/27126 by Eli Livne, sub C. salsa, in Flora of Israel Online; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013 [C. violacea, apparently, in these photos the bracts are glabrous]); "Western Negev, near Nitsana" (photo 106/10638.jpeg by Avinoam Danin, sub Cistanche salsa in Flora of Israel Online; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013 [C. tubulosa]); "Samarian desert, Judean desert and Dead Sea valley, Negev hills and Eilat, Aravah, Valley" (photo id=2045 by Avner Avraham, sub C. salsa, in Wildflowers of Israel [very good photo, but clearly, the bracts are glabrous like in the case of C. violacea]; accessed Oct 2013); "HaDarom [30°36'07.3"N 34°56'16.8"E 30.602028, 34.938000], 14 Apr 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/22464523 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/valor2018, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, sub C. tinctoria (incl. C. tubulosa), the coloration remind to C. laxiflora).

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Jordan / اَلأُرْدُنّ / Al-'Urdunn / Jordanie / Jordania / Jordanien [reported in error for the Cistanche violacea. C. violacea can be confused with C. salsa (Moreno Moral & al. 2018: 20), which can be distinguished for their densely woolly bracts and bracteoles (e.g., photos flickr.com/photos/timmelling/3772032975/in/set-72157621770110871 by Tim Melling, sub C. salsa, in Jordan, accessed Mar 2012; photos by Chris Gardner, accessed Oct 2013)]

Aqaba Governorate: "südlich Wadi Rum", 27 Mar 2015 (http://sesam.senckenberg.de/pictures/originale/32/54395.jpg, 32/54396.jpg et 32/54397.jpg in https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1270697561 - FR-0118667 (Herbarium Senckenbergianum (FR)), accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019 [C. violacea, glabrous plant]); "Bait Ali Lodge, Wadi Rum", 29°41'08.6"N 35°25'34.2"E, 27 Mar 2019 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/21693208 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2235479141 by Stefano Doglio, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist; accessed et ev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020 [C. violacea, glabrous plant]).

Ma'an Governorate: "Ma’an: Wadi Shaumari, 44 km NE EL Jafr [Al-Jafr], 1 May 1976, Boulous & al. 8625 (K)" (Ataei 2017: 115, sub C. salsa).

Mafraq Governorate: "Burq'a, Rwaished District [32°40'21.4"N 38°11'35.2"E], Jordan", 20 Feb 2006 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/37623633 by Lee E. Harding, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2020 [cf. C. violacea, glabrous plants]).

Other mentions: Cistanche salsa (C.A.Mey.) Beck, East of Jordan, J.A. Paine, Collection Number: Com10/ 74. Palestine Exploration Society (K 000283208, n.v. [cf. C. fissa]); "Palestina trans Jordanum [Transjordan / Lordship of Oultrejordain / Oultrejourdain] (Payme!)" (Boissier 1879: 501, P. salsa); "Eastern Moab; Syrian Desert" (Post 1896: 603, "P. incana, Paine, belongs to this species"); "E. Gilead [Galaad / Transjordan]" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 210, t. 355 C. salsa. salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck).

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Kazakhstan / Қазақстан / Qazaqstan / Казахстан / Kazajistán (Meyer in Ledebour 1830: 462, loc. class. of Phelipaea salsa; Ledebour 1849: 314, sub P. salsa; Beck 1930: 36, sub C. salsa; Gilli 1982: 3 "Soviet C. Asia"; Uhlich & Rätzel 2024: 23, Suppl. Fig. 33, lectotype of Phelipaea salsa)

Abai Region / Abai oblysy / Абайская область: 1. "Herbar. Th. Bienert / Phelipaea salsa / Inter Ajagus [Ayagoz / Ayakoz / Аягөз / Sergiopol] et Semipalatinsk [Semey / Semeı / Семей] / Schrenk [Alexander Gustav von]". 2. "Universidad de Córdoba COA / Identificación confirmada / Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) Beck / A. Pujadas II.2005" (COI 00056961- hb. Willkommii - http://coicatalogue.uc.pt/specimen/56961; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019).

Akmola Region / Ақмола облысы / Акмолинская область: "bei Dschartasch [Derzhavinsk / Derschawinsk / Державинск, 51°06'00.0"N 66°19'00.0"E] und Arkalyk [Arqalyq / Аркалык, 50°14′53″N 66°55′40″E (see Kostanay Region)] (Karelin und Kiriloff n. 386)" (Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa).

Aktobe Region / Ақтөбе облысы / Актюбинская область / Aqtöbe oblısı: "Казахстан, юг Актюбинской обл., полупустыня южнее р. Иргиз. 24.04.2006 [Kazakhstan, south of Aktobe region, Semi south p. Yrgyz / Ырғыз / Иргиз. 24.04.2006.]" (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/4732.html by Юрий Пирогов [Yuri Pirogov] 2008 in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2012); Цветущее растение. Казахстан, Приаралье [Priaralye], метеоритный кратер Жаманшин [Zhamanshin crater, near Yrgyz / Ырғыз / Иргиз, 48°24'00.0"N 60°58'00.0"E]. 2014 год, 1 половина мая" (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/548719.html by Алексей Распопов [Alexey Raspopov] 2018; растение определил(а) Юрий Данилевский [Yuri Danilevsky] in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2018).

Almaty Region / Алматы облысы / Алматинская область / Almatı: "In deserto Kirghisico vel in montibus / Taibagatar aut Ala-Tau [Trans-Ili Alatau / Заилийский Алатау / Zailiysky Alatau / Іле Алатауы, Tian Shan Mountains] / Cl. Schrenk, 1840 / Herb. Al. de Bunge" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02970910 - P 02970910.jpg - herb. Cosson - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437448051; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Phelipaea salsa / Flora Altaica / Herb. Al. de Bunge" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02970914 - P 02970914.jpg - herb. Cosson - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437780258; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Bongard et Meyer Suppl. Fl. alt. No. 218. Karel. et Kiril. Enum. pl. Fl. alt. No. 676" (Ledebour 1849: 314, sub P. salsa); 1. "Vernoďe [Almaty (P 02163631)] 603" – 2. "Herb. Mus. Paris / Cistanche salsa C. A. Mey. / Plantes de l'Asie Centrale. / M. Chaffanjon, 1895-1896 [Plantes de l'Asie Centrale, 1895-1896]." (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983458 - P 02983458.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437945801; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2016 [one specimen bad preserved] (Ataei 2017: 115, sub C. salsa)); "Цветущее растение. Юго-восточный Казахстан, южные отроги Джунгарского Алатау [Dzungarian Alatau] к с-з от с. Коктал [Koktal]. 3 мая 2013 г." (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/252199.html by Владимир Колбинцев [Vladimir Kolbintsev] 2014 in Plantarium; accessed Nov 2020); "Казахстан, национальный парк Алтын-Эмель, горы Актау, пустыня [Altyn-Emel National Park, Aktau mountains, desert]. 01.05.2014" (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/243571.html et plantarium.ru/page/image/id/243572 by Татьяна Кичигина [Tatiana Kichigina] 2014; растение определил(а) Лена Глазунова [Lena Glazunova] in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2019); "Цветущее растение. Казахстан, южные отроги Джунгарского Алатау [Dzungarian Alatau] к зап. от с. Коктал [Koktal, 44°10'21.0"N 79°31'55.0"E, Panfilov District / Панфиловский район / Панфилов ауданы], наносы щебня на гипсоносных глинах и песках. 21 апреля 2016 г." (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/478432.html by Владимир Колбинцев [Vladimir Kolbintsev] 2016 in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2018); Botanical tour to Altyn-Emel National Park (photos in silkadv.com/en/content/cistanche-salsa-kazakhstan in Silk Road Adventures; accessed Mar 2019 [the plantas with woolly bracts and bracteoles and corollas with wihte tube and violet limb]); "Almaty [43°42'19.4"N 78°17'48.5"E 43.705389, 78.296806, near Актоган / Aktogan (Enbekshikazakh District / Енбекшиказахский район)], May 2021" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/78075278 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3113280140 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/lumierren [Morgan Reed], sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, sub C. deserticola); "Enbekshikazakh District [43°21'06.3"N 79°04'41.5"E 43.351760, 79.078190, Charyn National Park / Чарынский национальный парк / Шарын ұлттық табиғи паркі], 20 Apr 2024" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/215352673 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/dschigel, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024 [typical specimens!]).

Atyrau Region / Атырау облысы / Атырауская область / Atıraw oblısı: "Phelipaea salsa C.A.M. / Claus desert ... // Regio Caspica [Caspian Depression] / Claus. / Herb. Al. de Bunge" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02970910 - P 02970910.jpg - herb. Cosson - gbif.org/occurrence/437448051; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "lit. septentr. m. caspii [Caspian Sea] (Claus)" (Ledebour 1849: 314, sub P. salsa, "Claus Ind. des. in Göbel It. II, p. 296"); "Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / ad lacum Inderiensem in desrto / Kirgisorum [Atyrau Oblast: circa lacum Inderiensem (Ozero Inder / Inder Koli / Inder See / Inderskoye Ozero / Lake Inder / Индерское озеро, 48°27'33.0"N 51°55'10.0"E) deserti transvolgensis a Tauchero et Helmio]; habitat etiam versus / Bactrianam [Bactria / Bactriana / Βακτριανή / Bāxtriš / Bākhtar / Pākhtar, Balkh, N.E. Afghanistan (Stearn 1992: 211)] in eodem deserto / Fischer" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983461 - P 02983461.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438609507; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Uralsk: am nördlichen Ufer des Caspi Sees [northeast of the Caspian Sea] (Claus und Fischer nach Ledebour, Pl. aralo-casp. n. 238!); und am See Inderskoj [Ozero Inder / Inder Koli / Inder See / Inderskoye Ozero / Lake Inder] (Fischer nach Ledebour); zwischen Kisilkum [Kyzylkum Desert / Кызылкум] und Jandorja (Eversmann)" (Beck 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); "Часть соцветия. Западный Казахстан, плато Аккерегешин [West Kazakhstan, plateau of Akkeregeshin] 45 км NO п. Кульсары [Kulsary]. 03.05.2013." (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/186559.html and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/186558 by Евгений Комаров [Evgeny Komarov], 2013; растение определил(а) Андрей Ковальчук [Andriy Kovalchuk] in Plantarium [sub C. ambigua]; accessed Jan 2015); "Цветущее растение. Западный Казахстан, Атырауская обл., окр. оз. Индер [Inder District / Индерский район, 48°31'00.0"N 51°52'00.0"E]. 6 мая 2014 г." (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/267197.html by Владимир Колбинцев [Vladimir Kolbintsev] 2014 in Plantarium; accessed Nov 2020).

East Kazakhstan Region / Шығыс Қазақстан облысы / Восточно-Казахстанская область / Şığıs Qazaqstan oblısı: «Lectotype (designated here): [1.] "910. / legi in argilloso-salsis ad / Irtisch [Irtysh river] et Noor-Saissan [Lake Zaysan / Zaisan nuur (Tarbagatay District, East Kazakhstan Region, Kazakhstan)] / Maj 1826" leg. C. A. Meyer 910 [. – 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) / G. Beck / Legit C.A. Meyer V.1826 / 1948.5.V Determ. I. Novopokrovsky]" (LE01106977 [http://re.herbariumle.ru/01106977]; Supporting information); authentic herbarium specimen also in St Petersburg (LE01106975 [http://re.herbariumle.ru/01106975], LE01106976 [http://re.herbariumle.ru/01106976], LE01106978), in Paris (P02983459, P02983461) and Philadelphia (PH00029577)» (Uhlich & Rätzel 2024: 23, Suppl. Fig. 33, lectotype of Phelipaea salsa); 1. "Phelipaea salsa / C.A. Meyer / Altai". – 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck / 16.IX.1947 Determ. I. Novopokrovsky". – 3. "Typus" (http://re.herbariumle.ru/01106978 - LE 01106978.jpg [Record creation: 2021-02-05, Denis Melnikov, PhotoScan D2], syntype of C. salsa); 1. "Phelipaea salsa / C.A. Meyer / Altai / m. Ledebour 1831". 2. "Cistanche deserticola Ma / Det.-rev. Ataei 05-2014" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983459 - P 02983459.jpg - herb. A. Jussieu 1857 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438278833; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Phelipaea salsa / C.A. Meyer / Altai / Ledebour 1836" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983461 - P 02983461.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438609507; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); 1. "Phelipaea salsa C.A. Mey. / Altai". 2. "Phelipea salsa C.A. Mey. / Turcoman." (http://legacy.tropicos.org/Specimen/100457522 - MO 2369195 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1257804354; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020 [cf.]); "Hab. in locis argilloso-salsis deserti soongoro [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria] - kirghisici trans fl. Kurtschum [Kürshim river, 48°36'50.0"N 83°31'43.0"E] orientem versus (M.) — Fl. Majo" (Meyer in Ledebour 1830: 462, loc. class. of Phelipaea salsa; Ledebour 1833: t. 376); "In locis argilloso-salsis deserti Soongarico [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria] - Kirghisici trans fl. Kurtschum [Kürshim river, 48°36'50.0"N 83°31'43.0"E], in littore orientali maris Caspii [Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan / Туркмения] (C.A. Mey.!)" (Reuter 1847: 12, sub P. salsa); "Eor. Enum. pl. Soongor. No. 627. ... altaica in deserto soongoro-kirghisico! (Fl. Alt., Bong. et Meyer, Karel. et Kiril.)" (Ledebour 1849: 314); 1. "Herbar. Th. Bienert / Phelipaea salsa / Inter Ajagus [Ayagoz / Ayakoz / Аягөз / Sergiopol] et Semipalatinsk [Semey / Semeı / Семей] / Schrenk [Alexander Gustav von]". 2. "Universidad de Córdoba COA / Identificación confirmada / Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) Beck / A. Pujadas II.2005" (COI 00056961- hb. Willkommii - http://coicatalogue.uc.pt/specimen/56961; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019); "Ex herbario horti Petropolitani 1868 / Phelipaea salsa C.A. Mey. / (teste Trautv.) / Songaria  Schrenk" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983464 - P 02983464.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438945216; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019); "Ex herbario horti Petropolitani. / Phelipaea salsa C.A. Mey. / (teste Trautv.) / Songaria  Schrenk" (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2821555 - L 2821555.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2514566569; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020); "Dsungarei [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria]!" (Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa); "Цветущее растение. Восточный Казахстан, Зайсанская котловина [Zaysan Basin / Зайсан], р-н ур. Кеин-Кериш [Gora Kein-Kershi, Kürshim District, 48°07'47.0"N 84°29'38.0"E], галечник в солончаковой пустыне. 11 мая 2013 г." (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/252203.html by Владимир Колбинцев [Vladimir Kolbintsev] in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2018); "Цветущее растение (хозяин - Atriplex cana). Восточный Казахстан, вост. часть Зайсанской котловины [Zaysan Basin / Зайсан], правобережье Чёрного Иртыша [Irtysh River / Иртыш] в р-не с. Буран [Buran], засолённые пески. 11 мая 2013 г." (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/252201.html by Владимир Колбинцев [Vladimir Kolbintsev], sub C. fissa, in Plantarium; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020, sub C. salsa [bracts with woolly hairs, corolla lobes glabrous on the inner side]); "Цветущее растение (хозяин - Atriplex cana). Восточный Казахстан, вост. часть Зайсанской котловины [Zaysan Basin / Зайсан], правобережье Чёрного Иртыша [Irtysh River / Иртыш] в р-не с. Буран [Buran], засолённые пески. 11 мая 2013 г. (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/641447.html and https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/641448.html by Владимир Колбинцев [Vladimir Kolbintsev], sub C. fissain Plantarium; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020, sub C. salsa [corolla lobes apparently glabrous on the inner side]).

Jambyl Region / Jambyl oblysy / Жамбыл облысы / Жамбылская область [formerly known as Dzhambul Region / Джамбульская область / Dzhambulskaya Oblast]: "Moiynkum District [Мойынқұм ауданы, 44°36'37.3"N 73°29'02.5"E 44.610370, 73.484040], 5 May 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/202937481 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4597613350 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/alyonakaptyonkina [Alyona Kaptyonkina], sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024 [typical!]).

Jetisu Region / Zhetysu Region / Жетісу облысы / Жетысуская область: "Кербулакский район [Kerbulak District, 43°52'36.9"N 78°33'40.6"E 43.876917, 78.561278, Singing Dune (Altyn-Emel National Park)], 5 May 2024" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/213719950 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4855556571 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/madkiba, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2015, sub C. flava).

Karaganda Region / Қарағанды облысы / Карагандинская область: "6.V.1939  N.ş 175 ... Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Муюнкумы, Прибалхашье и Бетпак-Дала (Казахстан) [Central Asia and Kazakhstan, Muyunkum, Pribalkhash and Betpak-Dala (Kazakhstan)]" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0877633 - MW 0877633.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); 1. "20.V.1951  N.ş 273 ... Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Муюнкумы, Прибалхашье и Бетпак-Дала (Казахстан) [Central Asia and Kazakhstan, Muyunkum, Pribalkhash and Betpak-Dala (Kazakhstan)]". 2. "Cistanche ambigua (Bge.) G. Beck / 22 XI 1974 / Determ. ..." (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0877614 - MW 0877614.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/1799049325; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2018); "Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Муюнкумы, Прибалхашье и Бетпак-Дала (Казахстан) [Central Asia and Kazakhstan, Muyunkum, Pribalkhash and Betpak-Dala (Kazakhstan)]", Прибалхашье [Pribalkhash] 1957 (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0877638 - MW 0877638; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); "Цветущее растение. Казахстан, Карагандинская обл. [Karaganda region], солончак. Начало мая 2014 г." (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/404825.html by Мария Жукова [Maria Zhukova]; растение определил(а) Георгий Лазьков [Georgiy Lazkov] in Plantarium; accessed Dec 2016).

Kostanay Region / Қостанай облысы / Костанайская область / Qostanay oblısı: "386 Phelipea salsa C.A.M. / In salsis deserti Soongoro-Kirghisici inter Arkalyk [Arqalyq / Аркалык, 50°14′53″N 66°55′40″E] et Dschartasch / leg. Karelin et Kiriloff a. 1840 / Soc. Imp. Nat. Cur. Mosqu.)" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983461 - P 02983461.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438609507; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 (Ataei 2017: 115, sub C. salsa)); 1. "N.ş 386". 2. "leg. Karelin et Kiriloff a. 1840 / Soc. Imp. Nat. Cur. Mosqu.". 3. "Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Det. I. Novopokrovsky" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0877637 - MW 0877637.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018 (Ataei 2017: 115, sub C. salsa)); "Ex herbario horti Petropolitani 1868 / Phelipaea salsa C.A. Mey. / (teste Trautv.) / Songaria ["Zwischen Arganaty und Keyssyk - Aus im Songorischen Alatau" (Regel 1864; Ataei 2017: 115, sub C. salsa)] Schrenk" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983464 - P 02983464.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438945216; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019); "Ex herbario horti Petropolitani. / Phelipaea salsa C.A. Mey. / (teste Trautv.) / Songaria ["Zwischen Arganaty und Keyssyk - Aus im Songorischen Alatau" (Regel 1864; Ataei 2017: 115, sub C. salsa)] Schrenk"  (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2821555 - L 2821555.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2514566569; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020).

Kyzylorda Region / Қызылорда облысы / Qızılorda oblısı / Кызылординская область / Kyzylordinskaya oblast: "im Sande wie auf der Lehmsteppe zwischen dem Jan - und Kuwan - Darja [Kuvan / Kuvan Darya, west of Kzyl-Orda / Кзыл-Орда] 4. Mai 1842 (forma elatior plus quam pedalis, robustior, squamis superioribus sparsis lanatis glabratisve)" (Bunge 1851: 430, P. salsa). Baikonur, Kazakhstan [Окрестности города Байконур, Казахстан] (http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dc/Cistanche_salsa;_Baikonur_01.jpg [parasitizing Artemisia sp.?], 02 [lobes glabrescens with inconspicuous cilia] and https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1946335192 by Юрий Данилевский [Yuriy Danilevsky] in Photos of plants in Kazakhstan by Yuriy75, accessed Mar 2012); "Цветущее растение (стебель частично откопан). Казахстан, Кызыл-Ординская обл., г. Байконур [Baikonur], левый берег р. Сыр-Дарьи [Syr Darya] в 3 км южнее понтонной переправы [45°36'09.0"N 63°18'24.0"E, Baikonur]; склон бессточного понижения. 25.04.2010" (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/401037.html, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/401036 [parasitizing Artemisia sp.?], plantarium.ru/page/image/id/401035 and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/401033 by Юрий Данилевский [Yuriy Danilevsky] 2015 in Plantarium; accessed Nov 2020); "Цветущее растение-альбинос в глинистой пустыне. Казахстан, Кызылординская обл [Kyzylorda region, Shieli District / Шиелі ауданы, 44°20'46.3"N 66°25'08.4"E] 27.04.2011" (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/91603.html, C. salsa var. albiflora, by Юрий Пирогов [Yuri Pirogov] 2011 in Plantarium; accessed Sep 2012); "Цветущее растение. Казахстан, Кызыл-Ординская обл., г. Байконур, левый берег р. Сыр-Дарьи в [Baikonur, the left bank of the river Syr Darya] 3 км южнее понтонной переправы; склон бессточного понижения. 25.04.2010" (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/401038.html - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1946335192 in by Юрий Данилевский [Yuri Danilevsky] in Plantarium; accessed Dec 2016); Кармакшинский район [Karmakshy District, 45°33'07.8"N 63°16'03.7"E, Baikonur], 24 Apr 2010 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/18632696 [parasitizing Artemisia sp.?] by Юрий Данилевский [Yuriy Danilevsky] in iNaturalist; accessed Nov 2020); "Цветущее растение в глинистой пустыне рядом с растением-хозяином - саксаулом [Haloxylon sp. (Chenopodiaceae)]. Казахстан, Кызылординская обл. [44°20'46.3"N 66°25'08.4"E, Shieli District / Чиилийский район / Шиелийский район / Шиелі ауданы] 27.04.2011" (photo plantarium.ru/page/image/id/91602 by Юрий Пирогов [Yuri Pirogov] in Plantarium; accessed Nov 2020).

Mangystau Region / Маңғыстау облысы / Мангистауская область / Mańğıstaw oblısı: 1. "... 10.V.1931 N.ş 66a Leg. E. Serowa ... Средняя Азия и Казахстан, Прикаспийский Устюрт и Северное Приаралье (Казахстан) [the Caspian Sea Ustyurt and the Northern Prearalie (Aral Sea / Приара́лье / Аральскому морю) (Kazakhstan)]". 2. "Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / VIII.[19]32  det. N. Pavlov" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0877632 - MW 0877632.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1799049339; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2018); "Казахстан, плато Устюрт, окр. с. Шетпе. Май 1999 г. [Kazakhstan, Ustyurt [Ustjurt-Plateau / Ust-Urt-Plateau] ... May 1999]" (photo plantarium.ru/page/image/id/7455 by Максим Кучеров [Maxim Kucherov] 2009 in Plantarium; accessed Sep 2012); "Цветущее растение. Западный Казахстан, окр. пос. Бейнеу [Beyneu]. 05.05.2013" (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/186560.html by Евгений Комаров [Evgeny Komarov] 2013; растение определил(а) Андрей Ковальчук [Andriy Kovalchuk] in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2018); "Мангистауский район [Mangystau District, 44°06'02.9"N 53°10'41.2"E], 3 May 2017" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/62929646 by Владимир SaganSS Каганов [Vladimir SaganSS Kaganov] in iNaturalist; accessed Nov 2020); "Мангистауский район [Mangystau District, 44°03'02.6"N 51°48'20.0"E], 7 May 2018" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/21062564 [parasitizing Artemisia sp.?] by Marina Nikonorova in iNaturalist; accessed Nov 2020 [lobes glabrescens with inconspicuous cilia]); "Karakiya District [42°57'25.4"N 52°42'04.8"E 42.957056, 52.701333, near Fetisovo], 21 Apr 2021" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/78043759 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/remi_bigonneau [Rémi Bigonneau], sub C. deserticola, in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, sub C. salsa).

Turkistan Region / Түркістан облысы / Туркестанская область / South Kazakhstan Region / Оңтүстік Қазақстан облысы / Ońtüstik Qazaqstan oblısı: "1804. Phelipaea salsa C.A.M. / In salsis Songoriae hinc inde. [Sayram / Сайрам] / leg. Karelin et Kiriloff a. 1841. / Soc. Imp. Nat. Cur. Mosqu. // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02970914 - P 02970914.jpg - herb. Cosson - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437780258; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); 1. "N.ş 1804". 2. "[Sayram / Сайрам] leg. Karelin et Kiriloff a. 1841 / Soc. Imp. Nat. Cur. Mosqu.". 3. "Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / 12.VII.1949 / Det. I. Novopokrovsky" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0877635 - MW 0877635.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2018); "Dsungarei [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria]!: Snidun bei Kuldscha (Regel); am Ufer des lli nordwestlich von Kuldscha sowie in der Almaty Schlucht bei Wjernyi [Wjernoje, Zhetysu / Semirechye / Семиречье] bei 3000' Seehöhe (Regel); am Sairam [Sayram / Сайрам] Nor (Karelin und Kiriloff n. 1804), am Alakul (Graf Waldburg-Zeil n. 140); in der soong. kirg. Steppe (nach Ledebour, Bongard und Meyer)" (Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa); "Цветущее растение в полынной пустыне. Казахстан, Южно-Казахстанская обл., окр. с. Шакпак. 01.05.2011. [Kazakhstan, South Kazakhstan, env. Shakpak. 01.05.2011]" (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/91767.html, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/91766 and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/91764 by Юрий Пирогов [Yuri Pirogov] 2011 in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2012); 1. "Западный Тянь-Шань и Каратау [Western Tien Shan y Karatau]" 4.V.1935. 2. "Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / 12.VII.1949 / Det. I. Novopokrovsky" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0877626 - MW 0877626.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); "Цветущее растение. Казахстан, вост. предгорья хр. Каратау, сев. кромка котловины оз. Кызылколь, галечниковые наносы на пестроцветах на склоне юго-зап. экспозиции. 25 апреля 2017 г. [Flowering plant. Kazakhstan, East. foothills of the Karatau ridge, ... Kyzylkol [Sozak District / Созақ ауданы?], ... April 25, 2017]" (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/507668.html by Владимир Колбинцев [Vladimir Kolbintsev] 2017 in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2018); "Цветущее растение. Казахстан [Kazakhstan], вост. предгорья хр. Каратау [Karatau], сев. кромка котловины оз. Кызылколь [Kyzylkol], склоне юго-зап. экспозиции, галечниковые наносы на пестроцветах. 22.04.2018." (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/592091.html by Владимир Эпиктетов [Vladimir Epiktetov] 2018 in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2019); "250337. Scrophulariaceae. Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck / Southern Kazakhstan, Eastern Kyzylkum (photos 07 et 08 by Eugene Davkaev in Montarano Nature Photography; accessed Mar 2019); "Отцветшее (?) растение. Южный Казахстан [South Kazakhstan], восточная граница пустыни Кызылкум [Kyzylkum Desert, 41°54'03.7"N 67°47'50.8"E, Shardara District / Шардара ауданы]. 30.04.2015" (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/435588.html by Евгений Давкаев [Eugene Davkaev] 2015 in Plantarium; accessed Nov 2020); Сузакский район [Sozak District / Созақ ауданы, 43°45'25.3"N 69°31'51.5"E], 22 Apr 2018 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/37369817 by vladimir_epiktetov in iNaturalist.org; accessed Nov 2020).

West Kazakhstan Region / Батыс Қазақстан облысы: "Часть соцветия. Западный Казахстан, плато Аккерегешин [West Kazakhstan, plateau of Akkeregeshin, Zhylyoi District] 45 км NO п. Кульсары. 03.05.2013." (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/186559.html and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/186558 by Евгений Комаров [Evgeny Komarov] 2013; растение определил(а) Андрей Ковальчук [Andriy Kovalchuk] in Plantarium [sub Cistanche ambigua]; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2015 [cf. C. salsa, white form, corolla lobes apparently glabrous on the inner side]).

Unknown location: 1. "... O. major L. 24.VI.1932 N.ş 39  Leg Г.И. Иголкин". – 2. "O. major L. (aff.) / Specimen incompletum..." . 3. "Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / 12.VII.1949 / Det. I. Novopokrovsky" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0877627 - MW 0877627; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019).

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Kyrgyzstan / Кыргызстан / Киргизстан / Kirguistán / Kirgisistan / Kirgiziya (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. salsa)

No precise location given: "Anblatum tataricum Fisch. / ad lacum Inderiensem in desrto / Kirgisorum [Kazakhstan, Atyrau Oblast: circa lacum Inderiensem [Ozero Inder / Inder Koli / Inder See / Inderskoye Ozero / Lake Inder / Индер көлі / Индерское озеро, 48°27'33.0"N 51°55'10.0"E] deserti transvolgensis a Tauchero et Helmio]; habitat etiam versus / Bactrianam [Bactria / Bactriana / Βακτριανή / Bāxtriš / Bākhtar / Pākhtar, Balkh, N.E. Afghanistan (Stearn 1992: 211)] in eodem deserto / Fischer" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983461 - P 02983461.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438609507; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

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Mongolia / Монгол улc / Mongolei (Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22; Gilli 1982: 3; Cistanche salsa in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia)

Bayankhongor Province / Баянхонгор аймаг / 巴彦洪戈尔省: "Bayanlig [Баянлиг, 43°59'17.8"N 100°33'27.4"E 43.988278, 100.557611], 4 Jun 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/227076470 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/bayar1 [Bayar Bayar], sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, sub C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])).

Dornogovi Province / Дорноговь аймаг / East Gobi Aymag / Восточно-Гобийский аймак: "Zoovch-Ovoo [44°09'56.8"N 110°00'52.6"E 44.165778, 110.014611, near Züünbayan / Dzun-Bayan / Зүүнбаян (Sainshand sum)], 7 Jun 2022" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/166587080 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/nolwenn_maudieu, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, sub C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])).

Ömnögovi aymag / Ѳмнѳговь аймаг / Умнеговь / 南戈壁省: "Bulgan [Булган, 44°10'52.8"N 103°41'50.3"E 44.181330, 103.697300], 7 Jul 2016" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/67293943 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3031634147 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/byambajavb [B. Byambajav], sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, sub C. deserticola); "Sevrei [43°46'30.0"N 102°15'18.0"E 43.775000, 102.255000], 23 May 2018" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/191089031 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/marcameels, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, sub C. deserticola).

Distribution: 1. "Mongol 1259". – 2. "Plantes de l'Asie Centrale. / M.  Chaffanjon, 1895-1896". 3. "Cistanche deserticola Ma / Det.-rev. Ataei 05-2014" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983465 - P 02983465.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437611135; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, sub C. deserticola [see efloras.org id=107147]); "Mongolei!: in der Wüste Gobi zwischen Altai [Govi-Altai Province] und Batyk (Przewalski!), um Kaidari am See Uliungur [Ulungur Hu / Lac Ouloungour, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, China] (Potanin)" (Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa); "East Gobi, Gobi-Altai, Dzungarian Gobi, Transaltai Gobi, Alashan Gobi (acc. to Gubanov 1996)" (C. salsa in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Aug 2012).

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Russia / Rusia / Россия / 俄罗斯 (Ledebour 1849: 314; Reuter 1847: 12, sub P. salsa; Boissier 1879: 501, P. salsa; Gilli 1982: 3, "S. Russia")

North Caucasian Federal District / Северо-Кавказский федеральный округ / Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug

Daghestan / Republic of Dagestan / Республика Дагестан: Magaramkentsky District / Магарамкентский район - 15 Jun 2020 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/49818605 by Ramazan Murtazaliev in iNaturalist; accessed Nov 2020 [dry specimens, lobes glabrous]).

Stavropol Krai / Ставропо́льский край [unconfirmed]: "Hab. Bei Nowo - Alexandrowsk [Novoalexandrovsk / Новоалександровск] 1. Mai 1840 (florens, forma humilior squamis in caule ad spicam usque dense imbricatis)" (Bunge 1851: 430, P. salsa).

Siberian Federal District / Ставропольский край [unconfirmed]

"in Sibiria uralensi ad lacun Indersk! [Western Siberia, near the mouth of Ural River, in Lake Indersk [Ozero Inder / Inder Koli / Inder See / Inderskoye Ozero / Lake Inder / Индер көлі / Индерское озеро, 48°27'33.0"N 51°55'10.0"E, Atyrau Oblast, Kazakhstan]" (Ledebour 1849: 314); "Anoplanthus / Amblatum Tataricum Fries / Sibiria / Schl." (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02970910 - P 02970910.jpg - herb. Cosson - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437448051; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Sibiriâ (Bunge)" (Reuter 1847: 12, sub P. salsa).

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Syria / Sūriyya / Sūryā / Siria / Syrien [unconfirmed]

Hama Governorate: "mons Gebel Abiad [Jabal Abyad] deserti Syriaci ad Palmyram (Bl [Blanche] !)" (Boissier 1879: 501, P. salsa); "Eastern Moab; Syrian Desert" (Post 1896: 603, "P. incana, Paine, belongs to this species"); "Syrien: auf dem Gebel Abiad bei Palmyra in der syrischen Wüste (Blanche nach Boissier)" (Beck 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); "Syria" (Bornmüller 1904: 686, sub C. salsa); "... Belikh Basin (North Syria) / Is niet "woolly... / Leg.: M.A. Mulders, No. 124 / 7 maart 1966 / Det.: T. Baretta" (http://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/U.1469497 - U 1469497.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018 [the glabrous specimens do not seem to correspond to this species (see C. violacea and C. tinctoria [incl. C. tubulosa])]).

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Tajikistan / Таджикистан / Tadzhikistan / Tayikistán / Tadschikistan (Schlauer & al. 2003, loc. class. of C. jodostoma)

Khatlon Region / Вилояти Хатлон / Viloyati Xatlon / Хатлонская область: "Östliches Bochara [Eastern Bukhara / Buxoro / Бухара]!: oberhalb des Zusammenflusses des Pändsch [Panj river], Kysylssu Aussu [Vakhsh / Surkhob / Kyzyl-Suu river] südlich von Kulab [Kulob] bei 12-13000' Seehöhe (Regel!), in der Provinz Kulab [Kulob] am Flusse Schkul und Wachsch bei 9000' Seehöhe (Regel)" (Beck 1930: 36, sub C. salsa); "227430. Scrophulariaceae. Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck / Tajikistan, Tigrovaja Balka Nature Reserve" (photos 01, 02, 03, 04, 05 et 06 by Eugene A. Davkaev in Montarano Nature Photography, accessed Aug 2012 [see C. deserticola, "Bracts subequalling corolla, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998)]); "Таджикистан, заповедник "Тигровая балка", северная часть. 17.04.2011 [37°18'15.0"N 68°30'42.0"E, Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve]" (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/104165.html, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/104164, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/104163, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/104162 and http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/104161.html by Евгений Давкаев [Eugene Davkaev] 2011; растение определил(а) [det.] Юрий Пирогов [Y. Pirogov] in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2012 [see C. deserticola, "Bracts subequalling corolla, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998)]).

Sughd Region / Согдийская область / Вилояти Суғд: "near Mt. Isfara [Исфаринский район / Isfara District], Ferghana basin, TJ, 4. 1937, Gnezdillo (TAK 173099)" (https://www.ipni.org/n/661958-1; Schlauer & al. 2003, loc. class. of C. jodostoma Butkov & Vved.); "... / Cistanche jodostoma Butkov et Vved. / Памиро Алай [Pamir-Alai] Туркестанский хребет [Turkestan Range] / Исфара р-н - Шураб [Исфаринский район / Isfara District - Shurab (Sughd Region / Согдийская область / Вилояти Суғд)] / VII.1970  Собр. Т. Цукерваник [Leg. T. Zuckervanik]" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0877625 - MW 0877625.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1799049358; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018, terra class. of C. jodostoma Butkov & Vved.).

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Turkey / Türkiye / Turquía [needs to be revised] (Gilli 1982: 3, sub C. salsa; Ataei 2017: 115, sub C. salsa)

Anatolia

Central Anatolia Region / İç Anadolu Bölgesi

Konya Province: 1. "Orobanche / Turkey. Prov. Konya: Yavsan Memleh- / asi nr. Tuz Golu. Parasitic on / Kochia [Bassia sp.] (?) 18700. Fl. pale lilac / with yellow throat. / Anthers / cream. / 8 June 1852. Davis 18709 & Dodds." – 2. "... Cistanche salsa (C.A.Meyer) G. Beck / var. longidens Gilli var. nov. / 1966 det. A. Gilli" – 3. "Holotype / of Cistanche salsa (C.A.Mey.) Beck var. longidens Gilli / in Feddes Repert. 82(6): 383. (1971)" (http://data.rbge.org.uk/herb/E00028880 - E 00028880.zip - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/575212074; holotype of C. salsa var. longidens Gilli (Ataei 2017: 115, sub C. salsa)); "Orobanche / Turkey. Prov. Konya: Yavsan Memlehasi / nr. Tuz Golu. Parasitic on Kochia / 18700. / 8 June 1952. Davis 18719 & Dodds." (http://data.rbge.org.uk/herb/E00028881 - E 00028881.zip - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/575189129; paratype of C. salsa var. longidens Gilli (Ataei 2017: 115, sub C. salsa)); "Inner Anatolia. B4 Konya [Konya / Iconio]: Yavsan Memlehasi, D. [Davis] 18709!" (Gilli 1982: 3, sub C. salsa); Konya, 1952-06-08, P.H. Davis & L.G. Dodds 18709 (BM 000606287 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1056741389; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020 [n.v.] (Ataei 2017: 115, sub C. salsa)); "Cihanbeyli, Yavsan Tuzlasi, 28 May 1989, Coskun & Koyuncu s.n. (BM)" (Ataei 2017: 115, sub C. salsa).

Kayseri Province: "B5 Kayseri: Erciyas Da. [Mount Erciyes / Erciyes Dağı / Argaeus / Ἀργαῖος], 1100 m, vi 1902, Penther & Zederbauer!" (Gilli 1982: 3, sub C. salsa); "Turkey, B5 Kayseri: Sultan Marshes [Sultan Reedy National Park / Sultan Sazlığı Milli Parkı], Oztekin 1491" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & Shahi Shavvon 2008: 99).

Eastern Anatolia Region / Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi

Iğdır Province / Iğdır ili [were part of Kars Province / Kars ili until 1992]: "B10 Kars: Aras valley [Aras river], 1837, C. Koch" (Gilli 1982: 3, sub C. salsa).

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Turkistan / Turkestan / Turquestán / Turkestán / Туркестан / "Land of the Turks" [Central Asia / Middle Asia / "the stans": Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan] (Boissier 1879: 501, sub P. salsa; Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa)

"Turkestan!: "Alexandri Lehmann / Reliquiae botanicae / No. / Phelipaea salsa / Al. Bunge / Herb. Al. de Bunge" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02970914 - P 02970914.jpg - herb. Cosson - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437780258; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Turkestaniâ (Lehm!)" (Boissier 1879: 501, sub P. salsa); 1. "N. 89 / Ex herbario horti Petropolitani / Phelipaea Salsa C.A. Mey. / Turkestan A. Regel". 2. "Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Det. 17.VII.1949 I. Novopokrovsky" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0877636 - MW 0877636.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); 1. "369 / A. Regel, Iter Turkestanicum 18767 / Phelipaea salsa C.A. Mey. / Inter Baschtschi et Ainabulak [Aina-bulak, Almaty / Алматы облысы / Almatı oblısı / Алматинская область, Kazakhstan]. / Konurulan hachebana [?]". 2. "Universidad de Córdoba COA / Identificación confirmada / Cistanche salsa / (C.A. Mey.) Beck / A. Pujadas II.2005" (COI 00056960 - hb. Willkommii - http://coicatalogue.uc.pt/specimen/56960; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2018); "N. 369 / Orobanche / Phelipaea salsa C.A. Mey. / ... / 20.IV.77 [1877] Inter Baschtschi / et Ainabulak [Aina-bulak] auf d Konurulan hachebana [?]" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983463 - P 02983463.jpg - J. Bot. St Petersbourg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438276860; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019); "Turkestan!: Lehmann und Bunge nach Boissier; bei Kurgantypa [Qurghonteppa / Kurganteppa / Bokhtar / Бохтар, Khatlon Region / Вилояти Хатлон / Хатлонская область, Tajikistan] (Regel); im Tale des Syr Darja [Syr Darya / Сирдарё / Сырдария / Sirdaryo / Syrdarya / Sirdaryo / Jaxartes / Yaxartes] (Pitra de Charkow), am Syr Darja bei Taschnab (Regel), zwischen Baschtschi und Ainabulak [Aina-bulak, Almaty / Алматы облысы / Almatı oblısı / Алматинская область, Kazakhstan] (Regel, Iter turkest. n. 369!)" (Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa).

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Turkmenistan / Türkmenistan / Turkmenia / Туркмения / Turkmenien / Turcomannia [formerly Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic / Түркменистан Совет Социалистик Республикасы / Туркменская Советская Социалистическая Республика] (Ledebour 1849: 314; Bunge 1851: 429, loc. class. of Phelypaea ambigua Bunge; Boissier 1879: 501, P. salsa; Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, C. salsa)

Balkan Region / Balkan welaýaty / Балканский велаят: "in Turcomannia! (Karel. pl. exs.)" (Ledebour 1849: 314); "Siberia uralensi in insula Ogurtschik [Ogurchinskiy Island / Огурчинский / Ogurjaly adasy / Огурджалы / Ogurja Ada / Aidak Island, 39°03'39.0"N 53°02'36.0"E] m. caspii [Caspian Sea]! (Karel)" (Ledebour 1849: 314, sub P. flava); "Turcomanniâ ad mare Caspium (Karel !)" (Boissier 1879: 501, P. salsa); "auf der Insel Ogurtschinsk [Ogurtschinsky Island / Aidak Island] am Caspi See (Karelin als. Ph. giganteal)" (Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa); "P. Sintenis: / Iter transcaspico-persicum 1900-1901. / N.ş 1541 / Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck / Regio transcaspica: Krasnowodsk [Türkmenbaşy / Turkmenbashi / Krasnovodsk / Красноводск / Kyzyl-Su] / in arenosis ad Ufra [40°00'29.0"N 53°03'26.0"E]. / 21.IV.1901 / determ. G. v. Beck." (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983474 - P 02983474.jpg - Sintenis 1541 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438770744; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to C. salsa, this can be distinguished for their bracts and bracteoles which are densely woolly-hairy on throughout the surface (not only along edges) and corolla-lobes glabrous at edges and inner side]); "Transcaspia: Krasnowodsk [Türkmenbaşy / Turkmenbashi / Krasnovodsk / Красноводск / Kyzyl-Su], in arenosis ad Ufra [40°00'29.0"N 53°03'26.0"E]; 21. IV. 1901 (leg. Sintenis, iter Transcaspico-turcicum, n. 1541)" (Bornmüller 1904: 686, sub C. fissa; P 02983474, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013 [the specimens seem to correspond to C. salsa, this can be distinguished for their bracts and bracteoles which are densely woolly-hairy on throughout the surface (not only along edges) and corolla-lobes glabrous at edges and inner side]); "Ufra [40°00'29.0"N 53°03'26.0"E] (Sintenis n. 1541 ! [P 02983474, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, the specimens seem to correspond to C. salsa])" (Beck 1930: 39, sub C. fissa); Туркменской CCP, Красноводский район [Türkmenbaşy District] ... 17.4.1962 Собр. Н.И. Филина [N.I. Filina] (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0877612 - MW 0877612.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2018); "Turcomania: Kizyl-Arvat [Serdar / Kyzyl-Arvat / Gyzylarbat], Becker" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 22, sub C. salsa); "Salsola orientalis [Caroxylon orientale (S.G.Gmel.) Tzvelev] / ... / ... N. 291 / Cistanche fissa / Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic [Түркменистан ССР] near highway Красноводский [Krasnovodsk / Türkmenbaşy] - Небит-Даг [Balkanabat / Nebit-Dag / Neftedag / Балканабад] / ... / на Salsa ... / 20.V.1982 / leg. et det. E.S. Teryokhin [Э.С. Терехин]" (http://re.herbariumle.ru/01280234 - LE 01280234.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, the specimen seems to correspond to C. salsa, corolla-lobes glabrous]);.

Lebap Region / Lebap welaýaty / Лебапский велаят [see also Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan]: "Phelypaea ambigua / Alexandri Lehmann / reliquiae botanicae. / ... / Kisil-Kum [Kazakhstan? - Turkmenistan? - Uzbekistan?] / Al. Bunge" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02970944 - P 02970944.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437448054 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/7C4A7AFD2E9D4937B77430C96AD9A26A; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2015, holotype (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 9.1.Ex. 1, "Speciinen unicum" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 14, sub C. armena)) of Phelypaea ambigua [inflorescence cylindrical, dense; flowers erect; corolla straight, tube white, lobes semicircular, almost equal, glabrous and dark violet]); «Lectotype (designated here): "Alexandri Lehmann / Reliquiae botanicae. / Lehmsteppe [in der Wüste] / Kisil-Kum, [20 IV 1842] / Al. Bunge." (P02970944; Supporting information)» (Uhlich & Rätzel 2024: 22, Suppl. Fig. 30); "Hab. Lehmsteppe in der Wüste Kisil-kum [Kyzyl Kum / Qizilqum / Қызылқұм] 20. April 1842." (Bunge 1851: 429, loc. class. of Phelypaea ambigua Bunge); "In desertis argillosis prope Kisil Kum in Turkestan [Turkistan] (Lehmann!)" (Beck 1930: 40, loc. class. of Phelypaea ambigua Bunge); "Described from Kyzyl Kum desert. Type in Paris (?), topotype in Leningrad [LE]" (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 26[24], sub C. ambigua); Chardzhou [Türkmenabat / Түркменабат / Chardzhou / Чарджоу], Repetek Nature Reserve, 1927-04-25, leg. Aleksei Ivanovich Vvedensky det. Najibeh Ataei (BM 001011728 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1056823659 [n.v.]).

Other mentions: "Phelipea salsa / Turcoman. / Acad. Imp. St. Petersb. 1836" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983461 - P 02983461.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438609507; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Turkmenien: (Karelin nach Ledebour); in der Kirgisen-Steppe am Irtysch bei Ajagas [Ayagoz / Ayakoz / Аягөз / Sergiopol, Kazakhstan] (Schrenk, Poliloff!); bei Dschartasch [Derzhavinsk / Derschawinsk / Державинск, 51°06'00.0"N 66°19'00.0"E, Akmola Region, Kazakhstan] und Arkalyk [Arqalyq / Аркалык, 50°14′53″N 66°55′40″E, Kazakhstan] (Karelin und Kiriloff n. 386), bei Kisilarwat (Becker n. 71)" (Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa); "Orobanche salsa (C. A. Mey.) m. / normalis / f. breviloba m. / 371. Turkmenien V.86 [May 1886] / Herbarium Otto Kuntze." (NY 00312481, holotype; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012, sub C. salsa).

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Uzbekistan / Usbekistan / O'zbekiston / Uzbekistán / Ouzbékistan / Узбекистанn (Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa; Butkov 1961: 508, 640, loc. class. of C. jodostoma; Butkov 1961: 508, 641, sub C. stenostachya Butkov; Butkov 1961: 509, 641, sub C. speciosa; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. salsa)

Buxoro Region / Bukhara Region / Buxoro viloyati / Бухоро вилояти ("the Kyzyl Kum desert takes up a large portion of its territory"): "Alexandri Lehmann / Reliquiae botanicae / (Boukharie) [Bukhara] / No. / Phelipaea salsa / ...1859 [Iter Persicum, Al. de Bunge 1858-1859] Al. Bunge / Herb. Al. de Bunge" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983461 - P 02983461.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438609507; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "1026. Cistanche salsa Franchet / Phelipaea salsa C.A. Mey. / Tengi Charam [Tengi Charam, montagne de Baissoun (Boukharie)] / M. Capus. Plantes du Turkestan. 1881. / Reçu le 27 Octobre 1881" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983467 - P 02983467.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437278466; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); 1. "P. ..., 1906 / N.ş 229 Cistanche salsa / Chirabad [Chinobod / Chinabad / Чинобод / Чинабад]: Sables Patta-Koum [Kyzyl Kum desert, Bukhara Region (Emirate of Bukhara)]. / 11 avril  Roshewitz, Plantae bucharicae 1906.". – 2. "Cistanche flava" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983457 - P 02983457.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438609505 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/966EC3AFA9CB4C28A6E21A6DB111C248; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2016, glabrous!, it does not seem to be C. salsa (Beck 1930: 33, sub C. tubulosa (Schenk) R. Wight); Ataei 2017: 87, sub C. flava)); "Romitan District [40°43'19.1"N 62°29'00.5"E 40.721970, 62.483470, near Qzilravat], 15 Apr 2013" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/69874865 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3327710406 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/lougarou, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, sub C. flava); "Romitan District [40°43'17.8"N 62°29'02.7"E 40.721610, 62.484090, near Qzilravat], 15 Apr 2013" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/69874956 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3328024391 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/lougarou, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, sub C. cf. flava [glabrous specimens, see https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/69874865]).

Namangan Region / Namangan viloyati / Наманган вилояти / Наманганская область: "Мингбулакский район [40°42'43.3"N 71°23'11.3"E 40.712028, 71.386472 (Fergana Valley / Ферганская долина)], 8 Apr 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/200710050 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4535892364 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/ozodbek1994, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024!).

Navoiy Region / Навоий вилояти / Navoiy viloyati / Навоийская область: 1. " ... (MW) / Plantae Uzbekistanicae - 2013 / ... viloyat Navoiy, 50 km N from village Uzunkuduk [Uchquduq District]. / Kyzylkum sands. Sand dunes with sparse plant cover / 41°33'22.0"N 63°11'04.0"E 41.556111, 63.184444 Alt. 150 m / 11.05.2013 Leg.: D. Lyskov". – 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A.Mey.) G. Beck / Det. A. Seregin (MW) 25.08.2017" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0895418 - MW 0895418.jpg - https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0895418...=2ac2774d-c4f2-47e1-aeb9-dac5f6eaf44b - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1799067150; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, sub cf. C. mongolica [= C. laxiflora subsp. laxiflora] [glabrous specimens with bracts shorter than flowers]).

Republic of Karakalpakstan / Қарақалпақстан Республикасы / Qoraqalpogʻiston Respublikasi: "Mo'ynoq District, 43°47'10.6"N 59°01'53.8"E, 30 Apr 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/35522838 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/florent_p in iNaturalist; accessed Nov 2020).

Tashkent Region / Toshkent viloyati / Тошкент вилояти / Ташкентская область: "Alexandri Lehmann / Reliquiae botanicae. / Phelipaea salsa C.A.M. / ... Terekli / 24 Juni 1841 / Herb. Al. de Bunge" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02970911 - P 02970911.jpg - hb. Durand - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438446415; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2013); "Salzlehm bei Terekli 24. Juni 1841 (eadem forma fructifera)" (Bunge 1851: 430, P. salsa).

Xorazm Region / Xorazm viloyati / Хоразм вилояти / Khorezm Province: 1. "Herbarium Regium Monacense / Ex herbario horti Petropolitani / Phelipaea salsa C.A. Mey. / β. flava / Chiva 73 Karolkow & Krause". 2. "Cistanche salsa / v. grandis (Koch) / Remissa 1899. Dr. G. de Beck" (M 0185672 - M-0185672_20120503_153355.html - http://id.snsb.info/snsb/collection/479523/590565/260502 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1098987631; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019 [cf., see C. trivialis]); "Chiva [Chiwa / Khiva / Xiva / Хива / Хива / Khorasam / Khoresm / Khwarezm / Chorezm]: bei Kapakr Asna (Karolkow und Krause)" (Beck 1930: 37, sub C. salsa); "Хазараспский район [Hazorasp District / Ҳазорасп тумани, 41°00'36.0"N 62°01'26.4"E 41.010000, 62.024000], 28 Apr 2022" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/201646677 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4597347573 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/natalya_beshko [Наталья Бешко], sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, sub C. trivialis).

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