Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 4 March 2024


Accepted Name:

Cistanche sinensis Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 38 (1930) (Zhang in FRPS 69: 84. 1990)

Synonyms:

Heterotypic synonyms:

= Cistanche lanzhouensis Zhi Y. Zhang in Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin. 4(4): 114, 119 f. 1-6 (1984) ["Z. Y. Zhang, sp. nov."] (Zhang 1990: 84-85). Ind. loc.: China / 中华; Gansu / 甘肃省, Lanzhou / Lanchow / 兰州市 (Zhang 1984: 116). Herbarium Specimens: Gansu / 甘肃省: Lanzhou / 兰州市 1965, J.Z. Liu & Y.J. Sun 215 (LZU) (Zhang 1984: 116, "Typus in Herb. Lanzhou Univ. conserv."). PE 00032934 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=04826128 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2417333690 (isotype)

= Cistanche ningxiaensis D.Z. Ma & J.A. Duan in Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 13(1): 75 (1993) (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998; Zhang 2000; https://www.ipni.org/n/970637-1). Ind. loc.: "Ningxia, China". Ic.: Peng & Wang 1996: 95 t. 68 f. 1-7, sub C. ningxiaensis

Misapplied names:

Cistanche feddeana auct. saltem p.p., non Cistanche feddeana K.S. Hao in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 222 (1934) (Zhang in FRPS 69: 84. 1990)

Cistanche feddeana auct. [Grubov, Key Vas. Pl. Mongol.: 228, t. 121, f. 548 (1982)], non Cistanche feddeana K.S. Hao in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 222 (1934) ("C. feddeana Hao (acc. to sensu Grubov 1955: 248 and Grubov 1982: 228 (acc. to H. Uhlich))" (C. lanzhouensis https://floragreif.uni-greifswald.de/taxon/?flora_search=Taxon&taxon_id=3283 in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia)

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Ind. loc.: "Nord-China [China / 中华]: Kansu [Gansu / 甘肃省] septentrional, bei Wei tschou [Weizhou / Wei Prefecture / 渭州], am 7. Juni 1918 (R. P. Licent n. 3845; in Herb. mus. Paris)" (Beck 1930: 38).

Holotypus / Holotype: 1. "3845 / Kansou [Gansu / 甘肃省, Nord-China (China / 中华)] septentrional / Wei tcheou [Weizhou / Wei Prefecture / 渭州?] / 7-VI-1918 [leg. R.P. Licent]". 2. "Cistanche sinensis n. sp. / 20.XII.1928 Beck [m. Beck] / R.P. Licent. — Chine Septentrionale. / Reçu le 24 Aoűt 1922". 3. "det.-rev. Ataei 05-2014" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983456 - P 02983456.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439437773 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/9E75741725BF435C9F001B2928BB23E9, holotype). 1. "Herbarium Kewense / Northern China / Nş 3845 / cis / Cystanche sp. / Wei tschou [Weizhou / Wei Prefecture / 渭州?] / Kansou [Gansu / 甘肃省, Nord-China (China / 中华)] Septene / 7.6.18 / Coll. Abbe E. Licent]". 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Det. N. Ataei  2012.02.03". 3. "isotype / of Cistanche sinensis Beck / in Engl., Pflanzenr. IV: 261 (Heft 96): 38 (1930)". 4. "Molecular (DNA), Organ: Leaf, flower, DNA Bank number: 42129, Taken by: Crawford, Dept.: Herbarium, Date: 19.4.2012" (http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000852791 - K 000852791.jpg - https://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/433355.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/912644369, isotype). "14... / Scrofularinees / Lathraea". 2. "Herbier 3845 / Orobanche / Lathraea / ... / Date 7.VI.[19]18 / ... Parasite sur 3836" (TIE 00030528 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=7d2b9175; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020 [leg. R.P. Licent, isotype]).

Designated by: Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 38 (1930).

Host: Mentioned as a parasite of the Amaranthaceae (incl. Chenopodiaceae), Tamaricaceae, Fabaceae, Zygophyllaceae and Rosaceae families (Xin 1992: 191; Zhang 1990: 84; Zhang 2000: 337, Grubov 2001).

Amaranthaceae Juss. (incl. Chenopodiaceae Vent.)

Haloxylon Bunge ex Fenzl. Mongolia (sub C. lanzhouensis (Grubov 2001) in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia).

Haloxylon ammodendron (C.A.Mey.) Bunge ex Fenzl (Ataei 2017: 130, sub C. sinensis).

Caroxylon passerinum (Bunge) Akhani & Roalson [≡ Salsola passerina Bunge]. China (Xin 1992: 191, sub C. sinensis; Zhang 1990: 84, sub C. sinensis; Zhang 2000: 337, sub C. sinensis; Ataei 2017: 130, sub C. sinensis).

Fabaceae Lindl. (= Leguminosae Juss.)

Ammopiptanthus mongolicus (Maxim. ex Kom.) S.H. Cheng [≡ Piptanthus mongolicus Maxim. ex Kom.]. China (Xin 1992: 191, sub C. sinensis; Zhang 1990: 84; Zhang 2000: 337, sub C. sinensis; Ataei 2017: 130, sub C. sinensis).

Caragana tibetica Kom. China (Xin 1992: 191, sub C. sinensis; Zhang 1990: 84; Zhang 2000: 337, sub C. sinensis; Ataei 2017: 130, sub C. sinensis).

Nitrariaceae Lindl.

Nitraria L. Mongolia (sub C. lanzhouensis (Grubov 2001) in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia).

Rosaceae Juss.

Potaninia mongolica Maxim. China (Xin 1992: 191, sub C. sinensis; Zhang 1990: 84, sub C. sinensis; Zhang 2000: 337, sub C. sinensis; Ataei 2017: 130, sub C. sinensis).

Tamaricaceae Link

Reaumuria songarica (Pall.) Maxim. [≡ Tamarix songarica Pall.]. China (Xin 1992: 191, sub C. sinensis; Zhang 1990: 84, sub C. sinensis; Zhang 2000: 337, sub C. sinensis, Ataei 2017: 130, sub C. sinensis).

Zygophyllaceae R. Br.

Zygophyllum mongolicum (Maxim.) Christenh. & Byng [ Tetraena mongolica Maxim.]. China (Xin 1992: 191, sub C. sinensis; Zhang 1990: 84, sub C. sinensis; Zhang 2000: 337, sub C. sinensis; Ataei 2017: 130, sub C. sinensis).

Zygophyllum xanthoxylum (Bunge) Maxim. China (Xin 1992: 191, sub C. sinensis; Zhang 1990: 84; Zhang 2000: 337, sub C. sinensis; Ataei 2017: 130, sub C. sinensis).

Comments:

Morphological observations:

"Calyx 5-parted, lobes unequal; corolla lobes pale brown-yellow when dry (C. lanzhouensis) / Calyx 4-parted, lobes subequal; corolla lobes dark blue when dry (C. sinensis)" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998). However, after studying the types, we believe that more research is needed to establish their morphological and host differences, presumably we are facing two forms belonging to the same species (C. sinensis).

Peng & Wang 1996: 94 t. 67 f. 1-3 (C. sinensis) vs. 1996: 95 t. 68 f. 1-7 (C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis]). "本种接近沙苁蓉  [This species is close to] C. sinensis G. Beck,但花萼不整齐5深裂至近基部,裂片不等大,线形或线状披针形;花冠浅黄色;干后变浅棕色而易于区别。" (Zhang 1990: 84).

Taxonomic observations.

According to Beck 1930: 38 this species belongs to the Cistanche sect. Subcistanche Beck ("Calyx brevius connatus, profunde fissus, quadridentatus, dentibus aequalibus lingulato-subattenuatis dense villosis munitus; dens quintus posticus deest.").

GenBank:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AB116627.1 (Tomari & al. 7 Aug 2003, sub C. sinensis); ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AB217874 (Li & al. 1 Jun 2005, sub C. sinensis); https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JF915388, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JF915389, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JF915390 (Sun & Chen 5 May 2011, sub C. sinensis); ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JF915388 - PS2005MT01, ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JF915390 - PS2005MT03 (Sun & al. 2012: 1043, sub C. sinensis); ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/KY753772.1 (Liu & al. 13 Mar 2017, sub C. sinensis); ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/MH753003.1 (Liu & al. 15 Aug 2018, sub C. sinensis); ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/MH971974.1 (Wang & al. 20 Sep 2018, sub C. sinensis); https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/MN614129.1 (Xu 2019); ED722 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/LT715381.1, BM - herb. Tycho Norlindh & Teuvo 29414, ED1098 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/LT715382.1, https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190453 - MW 0190453 (Ataei & al. 2020, sub C. sinensis).

Chromosomatic number: "All species of Cistanche were diploid with 2n = 2x = 40" (Ataei 2017: 37).

Ic.: a, Xin 1992: 189, t. 73 f. 4-6; b, Peng & Wang 1996: 94 t. 67 f. 1-3; c, Zhang in FRPS 69: 88, t. 23 f. 6. 1990; d, Zhang & Tzvelev in Flora of China 18: f. 256-7 ["Opened calyx"]. 1998; e, photos PPBC id: 3609307 by 刘王锁 [Liu Wangsuo] 2017-05-14 in https://ppbc.iplant.cn/sp/31064, accessed Dec 2018 ["Corolla pale yellow, becoming dark blue when dry" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998)]; PPBC id: 1647977 by 朱强 [Zhu Qiang] 2007.5.10 in http://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/1647975, sub C. mongolica, accessed Mar 2019; PPBC id:4851283 sub C. deserticola by 王孜 [Wang Zi] 2017.7.6 http://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/4851283; accessed Mar 2019; f, Ataei 2017: 129 f. 4.30, sub C. sinensis.

Distribution: China and Mongolia.

"产内蒙古、甘肃和宁夏。 [Inner Mongolia, Gansu and Ningxia.] 常生于荒漠草原带及荒漠区的沙质地、砾石地或丘陵坡地,海拔1000-2240米。" (Zhang 1990: 84, sub C. sinensis); "Grasslands, slopes; 1000-2400 m. Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, NE Xinjiang" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. sinensis). China and Mongolia: "Slopes. Gansu, S Nei Mongol, Ningxia [S and E Mongolia]" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. lanzhouensis).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

China / Chine / Китай / 中国 (Beck 1930: 38, loc. class. of C. sinensis; Zhang 1984: 116, loc. class. of C. lanzhouensis; Xin 1992: 191, sub C. sinensis; Zhang 1990: 84, sub C. sinensis; Ma & Duan 1993: 75, loc. class. of C. ningxiaensis; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. sinensis; Liu & al. 2013: f. 1; Wang & al. 2019: f. 9 "Original plants and amplified inflorescence four Cistanche species" et f. 10 "The detailed location distributions of four Cistanche species in the world map") [see C. lanzhouensis (C. ningxiaensis)]

Gansu / 甘肃省 / Kan-su / Kansu / Kan-suh (Beck 1930: 38, loc. class. of C. sinensis; Zhang 1984: 116, loc. class. of C. lanzhouensis)

1. "3845 / Kansou [Gansu / 甘肃省, Nord-China (China / 中华)] septentrional / Wei tchou [Weizhou / Wei Prefecture / 渭州?] / 7-VI-1918 [leg. R.P. Licent]". 2. "Cistanche sinensis n. sp. / 20.XII.1928 Beck [m. Beck] / R.P. Licent. — Chine Septentrionale. / Reçu le 24 Aoűt 1922". 3. "det.-rev. Ataei 05-2014" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983456 - P 02983456.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439437773 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/9E75741725BF435C9F001B2928BB23E9; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016, holotype of C. sinensis). 1. "Herbarium Kewense / Northern China / Nş 3845 / cis / Cystanche sp. / Wei tchou [Weizhou / Wei Prefecture / 渭州?] / Kansou [Gansu / 甘肃省, Nord-China (China / 中华)] Septene / 7.6.18 / Coll. Abbe E. Licent]". 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Det. N. Ataei  2012.02.03". 3. "isotype / of Cistanche sinensis Beck / in Engl., Pflanzenr. IV: 261 (Heft 96): 38 (1930)". 4. "Molecular (DNA), Organ: Leaf, flower, DNA Bank number: 42129, Taken by: Crawford, Dept.: Herbarium, Date: 19.4.2012" (http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000852791 - K 000852791.jpg - https://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/433355.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/912644369; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016, isotype of C. sinensis); "14... / Scrofularinees / Lathraea". 2. "Herbier 3845 / Orobanche / Lathraea / ... / Date 7.VI.[19]18 / ... Parasite sur 3836" (TIE 00030528 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=7d2b9175; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020 [leg. R.P. Licent, isotype of C. sinensis]); "... / Orobance / Cistanche sp. / ... [甘肃省] / Loc. San tao ho (leg. Cappelle  Date..." (TIE 00030525 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=7d2b8dd6; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020); "1568... / Scrofularines". 2. "Herbier 3991 / Scrofularinée / ... Steppe / ... / Date 23.VI.[19]18..." (TIE 00030526 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=7d2b8f08; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020); 1. "1581...". 2. "Herbier 4012 / Scrofularinée Orobanchée / ... / Localité Kansou W [Gansu / 甘肃省] / Date 25.VI.[19]18 / ..." (TIE 00030527 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=7d2b903e; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020); "Nord-China [China / 中华]: Kansu [Gansu / 甘肃省] septentrional, bei Wei tschou [Weizhou / Wei Prefecture / 渭州?], am 7. Juni 1918 (R. P. Licent n. 3845; in Herb. mus. Paris)" (Beck 1930: 38, loc. class. of C. sinensis); 1. "甘肃省 [Gansu] 1953.06.19 陕甘队 10339". 2. "Cistanche sinensis G. Beck / 张芝玉 [Zhang, Z.Y.] / 1971.11.08" (PE 01542454 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=eb93cf96 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2417332888; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2024); 1. "甘肃省 [Gansu] 1956.07.18 黄河队 5543". 2. "Cistanche sinensis G. Beck / 张芝玉 [Zhang, Z.Y.] / 1971.11.08" (PE 01542453 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=eb93cf09 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4045175982; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2024); Gansu / 甘肃 / 1958.07 / 采集人/号 孔宪武 [Kong Xianwu] (WUK 0121243 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=bef0e3ed; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019); Lanzhou / Lanchow / 兰州市 1965, J.Z. Liu & Y.J. Sun 215 (http://www.cvh.ac.cn/spm/PE/00032934 - PE - 94623 - 00032934 - https://petype.myspecies.info/node/11817 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2417333690, isotype of C. lanzhouensis); Hongchengzhen / 红城镇, Yongdeng County / 永登县, Lanzhou [Lanzhou / 兰州 / Lan-Tcheou], 36°27'27.0"N 103°21'33.5"E, 2007.5.10 (http://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/1647975, https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/1647976, https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/1647977 and https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/1647978 by 朱强 [Zhu Qiang], sub C. mongolica, in PPBC; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, sub C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])); "甘肃省 兰州市 安宁区 北山 [Beishan, Anning District, Lanzhou City, Gansu Province]" (https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/14204255, https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/14204279, https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/14204296 ... by 李波卡, sub C. sinensis, in PPBC; accessed Feb 2024 [great and very illustrative images]).

Nei Mongol Autonomous Region / Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region / Внутренняя Монголия / 內蒙古 / 内蒙古自治区 (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. sinensis; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. lanzhouensis)

Alxa League / 阿拉善盟: (HIMC 0034635; HIMC 0034636; HIMC 0034637; HIMC 0034649); 采集人 李帅等 [Coll. Li Shuai & al.] 2006.07.01-06 内蒙古;阿拉善盟 [Inner Mongolia; Alxa League, 40°57'55.9"N 104°20'16.7"E] (BNU 0029351 - nsii.org.cn/2017/specimen.php?id=17930198; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020); 内蒙古自治区 阿拉善盟 阿拉善左旗 [Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Alxa League, Alxa Left Banner, 38°52'47.8"N 105°45'48.6"E] (王孜 [Wang Zi] 拍摄 陕西省 [Shaanxi Province] 榆林市 定边县 黄土高原 [Dingbian County, 2017.7.6 (http://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/4851283, C. deserticola 肉苁蓉, in PPBC; accessed Mar 2019).

Haibowan District / 海勃湾区 / Hairibin Tohoi District: "乌海市 [Wuhai] 乌海市到阿拉善 [Wuhai City to Alxa], 2021.6.18" (https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/15137258, https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/15137271, https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/15137278 ... by 周欣欣 [Zhou Xinxin], sub C. sinensis, in PPBC; accessed Feb 2024).

Ordos / 鄂尔多斯市: (HIMC 0034632); 采集人 朱宗元 [Coll. Zhu Zongyuan] no. 30 / 1958.05.17 / 伊盟鄂托克旗 [Yimeng Etuoke Banner] (HIMC 0034633 - http://www.nsii.org.cn/2017/specimen.php?id=2679284; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020).

Ulanqab / 乌兰察布市 / Улаанцав хот: (HIMC 0034647; HIMC 0034648).

Xilin Gol League / Шилин-Гол / 锡林郭勒盟: 1. "1970 刘书润 517". 2. "Cistanche sinensis G. Beck / 刘书润 [Liu Shurun] / 1985.05.16" (HIMC 0034640 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=e3628935 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4043125863); 1. "刘书润 004 / 1970". – 2. "det. 马毓泉 [Ma Yuquan (Yu Chuan Ma)] / 1973.09.09" (HIMC 0034641 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=e36289d2 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4043123722); (HIMC 0034642; HIMC 0034643; HIMC 0034644; HIMC 0034645; HIMC 0034646); 采集人 王玉辰 [Coll. Wang Yuchen] / 2019.06.22 / 锡林郭勒盟; 苏尼特左旗 [Xilin Gol League; Sonid Left Banner, 44°28'23.1"N 113°05'17.0"E] (IATM 0004195 - http://www.nsii.org.cn/2017/specimen.php?id=19759825; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020).

Unknown location: 1. "Cistanche sinensis G. Beck / 1959.06". – 2. "det. 马毓泉 [Ma Yuquan (Yu Chuan Ma)] / 1972.11.22" (HIMC 0034649 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=e3628ec3).

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR) / 宁夏回族自治区 / 宁夏 / Ningxia / Ning-hsia (Ma & Duan 1993: 75, loc. class. of C. ningxiaensis; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. sinensis; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. lanzhouensis)

"Ningxia, Yanchi [盐池县, Wuzhong / 吴忠市]" (Tomari & al. 2003, sub C. sinensis, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AB116627.1); "Yanchi [盐池县, Wuzhong / 吴忠市], Ningxia Autonomous Region" (PS2005MT01 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JF915388) (Sun & al. 2012: 1043, sub C. sinensis); Fengshaqu [Fengshou?], Ningxia (PS2005MT03 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JF915390) (Sun & al. 2012: 1043, sub C. sinensis); "宁夏回族自治区石嘴山市 惠农区 石嘴山市 惠农区简泉农场 [Huinong District / 惠农区, Shizuishan / 石嘴山市, 39°11'09.4"N 106°39'14.9"E"], 2017.5.14" (https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/3609296, https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/3609314, https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/3609331, http://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/3609338, https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/3609340, https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/3609400 ... https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/3609415 by 刘王锁 [Liu Wangsuo], sub C. sinensis, in PPBC; accessed Dec 2018 [very illustrative images, "Corolla pale yellow, becoming dark blue when dry" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998)]); "宁夏银川植物园至吴忠市鸽子山 [Yinchuan Botanical Garden to Wuzhong City Pigeon Mountain], 2019.5.20" (https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/8217363 [see corolla colors], https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/8217354, https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/8217382, https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/8217410 and https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/8217371 by 林秦文 [Lin Qinwen], sub C. sinensis, in PPBC; accessed Feb 2024 [very illustrative images]).

Shaanxi Province / 陕西省

"3806 / Orobanchée / Cistanche sp. / ... [陕西省] ... / Date 3.VI.[19]18 / matin / ..." (TIE 00030524 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=7d2b8c8a; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020); "陕西省 榆林市 定边县 黄土高原 [Shaanxi Province, Yulin City [Northern Shaanxi], Dingbian County, Loess Plateau (Gobi Desert)], 2017.7.6" (https://ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/4851283 by 王孜 Fagao, sub C. sinensis, in PPBC; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2024).

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region / 新疆维吾尔自治区 / Xinjiang / Sinkiang / 新疆 (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. sinensis)

"NE Xinjiang" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. sinensis).

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Mongolia / Mongolie / Mongolei / 蒙古国 / Монгол улс (Grubov 1982, sub C. feddeana; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998, sub C. lanzhouensis; Urgamal & al. 2013, sub C. feddeana [Figure 1. Map of phyto-geographical regions of Mongolia (by Grubov, 1982): 13. Gobi Altai mountain semidesert steppe / 16. Alashan Gobi desert]; Urgamal & al. 2014, sub C. feddeana, sub C. lanzhouensis et sub C. ningxiaensis; Uhlich 2014, sub C. lanzhouensis; Batlai & al. 2017: 577, sub C. feddeana; C. lanzhouensis https://floragreif.uni-greifswald.de/taxon/?flora_search=Taxon&taxon_id=3283 in FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia, accessed Mar 2019)

Bayankhongor Province / Баянхонгор аймаг /巴彦洪戈尔省: "Bayanlig [Баянлиг, 43°59'17.8"N 100°33'27.4"E 43.988278, 100.557611], 4 Jun 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/227076470 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/bayar1 [Bayar Bayar], sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, sub C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])).

Dornogovi Province / Дорноговь аймаг / East Gobi Aymag / Восточно-Гобийский аймак: "Phelipaea lanuginosa C.A. Mey / N 1063  1.VII.1926 г. / ... [Сайншанд сум / Sainshand District?] / С. Кондратьев [S. Kondratyev]" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190447 - MW 0190447.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, see C. lanzhouensis); "Cistanche feddeana Hao Монгольская Народная Республика [Mongolian People's Republic] / Восточно-Гобийский аймак Урген сомон [(район) Örgön District / Өргөн сум, c. 44°43'40.0"N 110°46'36.0"E] / ... / Сухие ... / 5.VII.1975. N. 582b  Собр. О.В. Журба [O.V. Zhurba] ..." (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190449 - MW 0190449.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, see C. lanzhouensis); "Cistanche feddeana Hao / Монголия, Восточно-Гобийский аймак Урген район [Örgön District] ... 5.VII.1975. N. 582a  Собр. О.В. Журба [O.V. Zhurba]" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190450 - MW 0190450.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, see C. lanzhouensis); "Cistanche feddeana Hao / Монголия, Монголия, Восточно-Гобийский аймак, 280 км на 10103 от г. Сайн-шанд [Сайншанд сум / Sainshand District] ... 22.VI.1980. Nş 5642 Собр. И.А. Губанов [I.A. Gubanov]" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190453 - MW 0190453.jpg - ED1098 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/LT715382.1 (Ataei & al. 2020, sub C. sinensis); rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018, see C. lanzhouensis [corolla lobes pale brown-yellow when dry (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998)]); "East Gobi: - Tract Kalganskij [Калганский тракт / Kalgan (Zhangjiakou / 张家口市,) highway], ridge Dologelut (Pob. 20.08.1931). (Grubov et al. 2006: 13) – Dornogov: Balarin-khuduk (Balariin Hudag 46°14' N 110°15' E) along way way from Alashan (= Dongsheng [Ordos City / 鄂尔多斯市, Inner Mongolia, China]) to Urga (= Ulaan-Baatar [Ulaanbaatar / Улаанбаатар]), on sand (Tschet. 16.05.1909). (Grubov et al. 2006: 14 sub C. ningxiaensis) – Dornogov Aim.: Naran-Mandakh sum [Mandakh District / Мандах сум] (44,406 N 108,252 E), tract Dzagiin-Khuduk, 30 km N of sum, depression (Junussov 05.06.1941). (Grubov et al. 2006: 14 sub C. ningxiaensis). - Ibidem, 15-19 km SE of Dobusan-Eligen-khuduk [near Mandakh District / Мандах сум] (Junussov 07.06.1941). (Grubov et al. 2006: 14 sub C. ningxiaensis)" (Uhlich 2014: 3, sub C. lanzhouensis); "12 [East Gobi] (Khar Sukhai), (Tzvelev 2006)" (Urgamal & al. 2014: 193, sub C. lanzhouensis); "12 [East Gobi] (Mandakh sum, Zagiin khudag), (Tzvelev 2006)" (Urgamal & al. 2014: 193, sub C. ningxiaensis); "Zoovch-Ovoo [44°09'56.8"N 110°00'52.6"E 44.165778, 110.014611, near Züünbayan / Dzun-Bayan / Зүүнбаян (Sainshand sum)], 7 Jun 2022" ( https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/166587080 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/nolwenn_maudieu, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2024, sub C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])).

Govi-Altai Province / Говь-Алтай аймаг / 戈壁阿尔泰省: 13 [Gobi Altai mountain semidesert steppe] by Grubov, 1982, sub C. feddeana (Urgamal & al. 2013, sub C. feddeana; Urgamal & al. 2014: 193, sub C. feddeana).

Khovd Province / Ховд аймаг / Кобдоский аймак: Munkhkhairkhan mountain [Мөнххайрхан уул] (Altai mountain system) ["Table 2. List of newly recorded species in two phytogeographical regions of Mongolian Altai (MA) and Dzungarian Gobi (DG)."] (Batlai & al. 2017: 577, sub C. feddeana).

Ömnögovi aymag / Ѳмнѳговь аймаг / Умнеговь / 南戈壁省: 16 [Alashan Gobi desert] by Grubov, 1982, sub C. feddeana (Urgamal & al. 2013, sub C. feddeana; Urgamal & al. 2014: 193, sub C. feddeana); "Alashan Gobi: - Ömnögov Aim.: tract Kobden-obot [Alash Gobi (Kobden-Usu between Gashiun lake and Tostu mountain range / Obot-Khural settlement, desert 10 km east of Tsailyan border post] N of lake Gaxun-Nur [salt lake Juyan Lake / 居延海 / Gashuun Nuur, Alxa League, Inner Mongolia, China] (Pot. 13.08.1886). (Grubov et al. 2006: 13 f.)" (Uhlich 2014: 3, sub C. lanzhouensis); "Khanbogd [42°39'50.6"N 106°40'39.8"E 42.664047, 106.677733, Xanbogd, near Baga Modo Hiid and not far from Khanbogd / Ханбогд], 24 May 2016" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/67664667 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3018057142 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/nyamba [Nyambayar Batbayar], sub C. deserticola; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020, sub C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])); Khanbogd District / Ханбогд сум, 43°01'38.7"N 106°41'05.2"E, near Oyu Tolgoi / Оюу Толгой, 13 Jun 2016 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/66690956 by Oyuna Batlai, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist, accessed Nov 2020, sub C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])); "Khanbogd [Ханбогд сум, 42°30'11.4"N 107°57'02.4"E, near Gashuun Sukhait / Гашуун Сухайт], 19 Jun 2016" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/48653165 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/oyuna [Oyuntsetseg Batlai], sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2020, sub C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])); "Khanbogd [43°13'30.0"N 106°31'11.6"E 43.225000, 106.519900, Xanbogd, NW Khanbogd / Hanbogd / Ханбогд], 27 Mar 2018" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/79247087 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/altantsooj [Altantsooj Amarzorigt Besud], sub C. deserticola; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2024, sub C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])); "Khanbogd [42°44'39.0"N 107°44'38.7"E 42.744174, 107.744079, Xanbogd, between Khanbogd / Ханбогд and Aguy-sume], 27 Mar 2018" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/50376110 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/urgamal [Urgamal Magsar], sub C. deserticola; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2024, C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])); "Цветущее и развивающееся соцветия. Монголия, аймак Өмнөговь, сомон Ханбогд [Khanbogd / Hanbogd, 42°44'39.0"N 107°44'38.7"E 42.744167, 107.744083], пустыня Гоби [Gobi Desert]. 27.05.2018" (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/748622.html, https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/748623.html and https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/748624.html by Ургамал Магсар [Urgamal Magsar], sub C. deserticola; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2024, sub C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])); "Gurvan tes [Гурван тэс, 43°25'36.7"N 100°58'51.6"E], 21 May 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/58818655 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2862284971 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/urtnasan, sub C. deserticola, in iNaturalist, accessed Nov 2020, C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])); Khanbogd District / Ханбогд сум., 42°44'39.0"N 107°44'38.7"E, near Gashuun Sukhait / Гашуун Сухайт (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/50376110 by Urgamal Magsar, sub C. deserticola, in iNaturalist, accessed Nov 2020, sub C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])); "Ömnögovi [42°39'48.7"N 107°28'51.2"E, near Gashuun Sukhait / Гашуун Сухайт, Khanbogd District / Ханбогд сум.], 14 May 2020" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/62618919 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2901674584 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/nyamba [Nyambayar Batbayar], sub C. deserticola, in iNaturalist, accessed Nov 2020, sub C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])).

Sükhbaatar Province / Сүхбаатар аймаг / Сухэ-Батор / Сухэ-Баторский аймак: "Cistanche feddeana Hao / Монгольская Народная Республика [Mongolian People's Republic] / Сухэ-Баторский аймак Баян-Дэлгэр сум [Bayandelger District] / близ н.л. [Хан] хонгор [Khan khongor], родник Цаган-булак / 1975. Nş 582 / 5. Июль [July] / Собр. О.В. Журба [O.V. Zhurba]" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190448 - MW 0190448.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, sub C. lanzhouensis); "Cistanche feddeana Hao / МНР [Mongolian People's Republic]: Сухэ-Баторский аймак / 15 км на С3 ... Онгон [Ongon Sum] / ... 15.VII.1978  Собр. Огуреева Г.Н. [Ogureyev G.N.]" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190451 - MW 0190451.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, sub C. lanzhouensis); "Cistanche feddeana Hao / Монгольская Народная Республика [Mongolian People's Republic] / Сухэ-Баторский аймак Баян-Дэлгэр сум [Bayandelger District] / близ н.л. [Хан] хонгор [Khan khongor], родник Цаган-булак / 1975. Nş 582 / 5. Июль [July] / Собр. О.В. Журба [O.V. Zhurba]" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190452 - MW 0190452.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, sub C. lanzhouensis).

inicio / top of page


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Zhang, Z.Y. 1990 [10 Jul 1990]. Studies on the pollen morphology and seed coat of the genus Cistanche (Orobanchaceae) in China. Acta Phytotaxon. Sinica 28(4): 294-298. [J. Syst. Evol. 28(4): 294-298. URL: http://www.jse.ac.cn/EN/volumn/volumn_800.shtml#1.

Zhang, Z.Y. 1990. Orobanchaceae. In: Wang, W. (ed.). Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 69: 69-124. Beijing. [Zhang Zhiyun. 1990. Orobanchaceae. In: Wang Wentsai, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 69: 69-124]. URL: http://www.iplant.cn/frps - http://www.iplant.cn/frps/pdf/69/069z.pdf.

Zhang, Z.Y. 2000. Taxonomy of the Genus Cistanche (Orobanchaceae) in China. The Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice 18(5): 336-337. URL: http://yxsj.smmu.edu.cn/article/id/20000536.

Zhang, Z.Y. & Tzvelev, N.N. 1998. Orobanchaceae. In: Zhang, Z.Y. (ed.). Flora of China 18: 229-243. [FOC Vol. 18 eFloras 2008]. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. URL: http://www.efloras.org/ - http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=10639 - http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200021457 - http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200021455.

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