Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 16 December 2020


Accepted Name:

Cistanche sinensis Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 38 (1930) (Zhang in FRPS 69: 84. 1990)

Synonyms:

Misapplied names:

Cistanche feddeana auct. saltem p.p., non Cistanche feddeana K.S. Hao in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 222 (1934) (Zhang in FRPS 69: 84. 1990)

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Ind. loc.: "Nord-China [China / 中华]: Kansu [Gansu / 甘肃省] septentrional, bei Wei tschou [Weizhou / Wei Prefecture / 渭州], am 7. Juni 1918 (R. P. Licent n. 3845; in Herb. mus. Paris)" (Beck 1930: 38).

Holotypus / Holotype: 1. "3845 / Kansou [Gansu / 甘肃省, Nord-China (China / 中华)] septentrional / Wei tcheou [Weizhou / Wei Prefecture / 渭州?] / 7-VI-1918 [leg. R.P. Licent]". 2. "Cistanche sinensis n. sp. / 20.XII.1928 Beck [m. Beck] / R.P. Licent. — Chine Septentrionale. / Reçu le 24 Août 1922". 3. "det.-rev. Ataei 05-2014" (MNHN-P-P02983456 - P 02983456.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/439437773). 1. "Herbarium Kewense / Northern China / Nº 3845 / cis / Cystanche sp. / Wei tschou [Weizhou / Wei Prefecture / 渭州?] / Kansou [Gansu / 甘肃省, Nord-China (China / 中华)] Septene / 7.6.18 / Coll. Abbe E. Licent]". 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Det. N. Ataei  2012.02.03". 3. "isotype / of Cistanche sinensis Beck / in Engl., Pflanzenr. IV: 261 (Heft 96): 38 (1930)". 4. "Molecular (DNA), Organ: Leaf, flower, DNA Bank number: 42129, Taken by: Crawford, Dept.: Herbarium, Date: 19.4.2012" (K 000852791 - kew.org/herbcatimg/433355.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/912644369, isotype). "14... / Scrofularinees / Lathraea". 2. "Herbier 3845 / Orobanche / Lathraea / ... / Date 7.VI.[19]18 / ... Parasite sur 3836" (TIE 00030528; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020 [leg. R.P. Licent, isotype]).

Designated by: Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 38 (1930).

Host: Mentioned as a parasite of the Chenopodiaceae, Tamaricaceae, Fabaceae, Zygophyllaceae and Rosaceae families (Xin 1992: 191; Zhang 1990: 84; Zhang 2000: 337).

Chenopodiaceae

Caroxylon passerinum (Bunge) Akhani & Roalson [≡ Salsola passerina Bunge]. China (Xin 1992: 191; Zhang 1990: 84; Zhang 2000: 337).

Fabaceae

Ammopiptanthus mongolicus (Maxim. ex Kom.) S.H. Cheng [≡ Piptanthus mongolicus Maxim. ex Kom.] China (Xin 1992: 191; Zhang 1990: 84; Zhang 2000: 337).

Caragana tibetica Kom. China (Xin 1992: 191; Zhang 1990: 84; Zhang 2000: 337).

Rosaceae

Potaninia mongolica Maxim. China (Xin 1992: 191; Zhang 1990: 84; Zhang 2000: 337).

Tamaricaceae

Reaumuria songarica (Pall.) Maxim. [≡ Tamarix songarica Pall.]. China (Xin 1992: 191; Zhang 1990: 84; Zhang 2000: 337).

Zygophyllaceae

Zygophyllum xanthoxylon (Bunge) Maxim. China (Xin 1992: 191; Zhang 1990: 84; Zhang 2000: 337)

Tetraena mongolica Maxim. China (Xin 1992: 191; Zhang 1990: 84; Zhang 2000: 337)

Comments:

Morphological observations:

"Calyx 5-parted, lobes unequal; corolla lobes pale brown-yellow when dry (C. lanzhouensis) / Calyx 4-parted, lobes subequal; corolla lobes dark blue when dry (C. sinensis)" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998). However, after studying the types, we believe that more research is needed to establish their morphological and host differences, perhaps we are facing two forms belonging to the same species.

Peng & Wang 1996: 94 t. 67 f. 1-3 (C. sinensis) vs. 1996: 95 t. 68 f. 1-7 (C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis]).

Taxonomic observations.

According to Beck 1930: 38 this species belongs to the Cistanche sect. Subcistanche Beck ("Calyx brevius connatus, profunde fissus, quadridentatus, dentibus aequalibus lingulato-subattenuatis dense villosis munitus; dens quintus posticus deest.").

GenBank:

ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AB116627.1 (Tomari & al. 7 Aug 2003, sub C. sinensis); ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AB217874 (Li & al. 1 Jun 2005, sub C. sinensis); ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JF915388, ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JF915389, ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JF915390 (Sun & Chen 5 May 2011, sub C. sinensis); ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JF915388 - PS2005MT01, ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/JF915390 - PS2005MT03 (Sun & al. 2012: 1043, sub C. sinensis); ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/KY753772.1 (Liu & al. 13 Mar 2017, sub C. sinensis); ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/MH753003.1 (Liu & al. 15 Aug 2018, sub C. sinensis); ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/MH971974.1 (Wang & al. 20 Sep 2018, sub C. sinensis); ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/MN614129.1 (Xu 2019); ED722 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/LT715381.1, BM - herb. Tycho Norlindh & Teuvo 29414, ED1098 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/LT715382.1, MW 0190453 (Ataei & al. 2020, sub C. sinensis).

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, Xin 1992: 189, t. 73 f. 4-6; b, Peng & Wang 1996: 94 t. 67 f. 1-3; c, Zhang in FRPS 69: 88, t. 23 f. 6. 1990; d, Zhang & Tzvelev in Flora of China 18: f. 256-7 ["Opened calyx"]. 1998; e, photos PPBC id: 3609307 by 刘王锁 [Liu Wangsuo] 2017-05-14 in PPBC 31064, accessed Dec 2018 ["Corolla pale yellow, becoming dark blue when dry" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998)]; PPBC id: 1647977 by 朱强 [Zhu Qiang] 2007.5.10 in ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/1647975, sub C. mongolica, accessed Mar 2019; PPBC id:4851283 sub C. deserticola by 王孜 [Wang Zi] 2017.7.6 ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/4851283; accessed Mar 2019).

Distribution: China and Mongolia [unconfirmed].

"产内蒙古、甘肃和宁夏。 [Inner Mongolia, Gansu and Ningxia.] 常生于荒漠草原带及荒漠区的沙质地、砾石地或丘陵坡地,海拔1000-2240米。" (Zhang 1990: 84); "Grasslands, slopes; 1000-2400 m. Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, NE Xinjiang" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

China / Chine / Китай / 中国 (Xin 1992: 191; Zhang 1990: 84; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998; Liu & al. 2013: f. 1; Wang & al. 2019: f. 9 "Original plants and amplified inflorescence four Cistanche species" et f. 10 "The detailed location distributions of four Cistanche species in the world map") [see C. lanzhouensis]

Gansu / 甘肃省 / Kan-su / Kansu / Kan-suh: 1. "3845 / Kansou [Gansu / 甘肃省, Nord-China (China / 中华)] septentrional / Wei tchou [Weizhou / Wei Prefecture / 渭州?] / 7-VI-1918 [leg. R.P. Licent]". 2. "Cistanche sinensis n. sp. / 20.XII.1928 Beck [m. Beck] / R.P. Licent. — Chine Septentrionale. / Reçu le 24 Août 1922". 3. "det.-rev. Ataei 05-2014" (MNHN-P-P02983456 - P 02983456.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/439437773; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016, holotype). 1. "Herbarium Kewense / Northern China / Nº 3845 / cis / Cystanche sp. / Wei tchou [Weizhou / Wei Prefecture / 渭州?] / Kansou [Gansu / 甘肃省, Nord-China (China / 中华)] Septene / 7.6.18 / Coll. Abbe E. Licent]". 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Det. N. Ataei  2012.02.03". 3. "isotype / of Cistanche sinensis Beck / in Engl., Pflanzenr. IV: 261 (Heft 96): 38 (1930)". 4. "Molecular (DNA), Organ: Leaf, flower, DNA Bank number: 42129, Taken by: Crawford, Dept.: Herbarium, Date: 19.4.2012" (K 000852791 - kew.org/herbcatimg/433355.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/912644369; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016, isotype); "14... / Scrofularinees / Lathraea". 2. "Herbier 3845 / Orobanche / Lathraea / ... / Date 7.VI.[19]18 / ... Parasite sur 3836" (TIE 00030528; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020 [leg. R.P. Licent, isotype]); "... / Orobance / Cistanche sp. / ... [甘肃省] / Loc. San tao ho (leg. Cappelle  Date..." (TIE 00030525; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020); "1568... / Scrofularines". 2. "Herbier 3991 / Scrofularinée / ... Steppe / ... / Date 23.VI.[19]18..." (TIE 00030526; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020); 1. "1581...". 2. "Herbier 4012 / Scrofularinée Orobanchée / ... / Localité Kansou W [Gansu / 甘肃省] / Date 25.VI.[19]18 / ..." (TIE 00030527; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020); "Nord-China [China / 中华]: Kansu [Gansu / 甘肃省] septentrional, bei Wei tschou [Weizhou / Wei Prefecture / 渭州?], am 7. Juni 1918 (R. P. Licent n. 3845; in Herb. mus. Paris)" (Beck 1930: 38); Gansu / 甘肃 / 1958.07 / 采集人/号 孔宪武 [Kong Xianwu] (WUK 0121243; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019); Hongchengzhen / 红城镇, Yongdeng County / 永登县, Lanzhou [Lanzhou / 兰州 / Lan-Tcheou], 36°27'27.0"N 103°21'33.5"E (PPBC id: 1647977 by 朱强 [Zhu Qiang] 2007.5.10 in ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/1647975, sub C. mongolica, accessed Mar 2019 [see C. lanzhouensis]).

Nei Mongol Autonomous Region / Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region / Внутренняя Монголия / 內蒙古 / 内蒙古自治区 (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998)

Alxa League / 阿拉善盟: (HIMC 0034635; HIMC 0034636; HIMC 0034637; HIMC 0034649); 采集人 李帅等 [Coll. Li Shuai & al.] 2006.07.01-06 内蒙古;阿拉善盟 [Inner Mongolia; Alxa League, 40°57'55.9"N 104°20'16.7"E] (BNU 0029351 - nsii.org.cn/2017/specimen.php?id=17930198; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020); 内蒙古自治区 阿拉善盟 阿拉善左旗 [Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Alxa League, Alxa Left Banner, 38°52'47.8"N 105°45'48.6"E] (王孜 [Wang Zi] 2017.7.6 拍摄 @ 陕西省 [Shaanxi Province] 榆林市 定边县 黄土高原 [Dingbian County] PPBC id:4851283 [sub] C. deserticola 肉苁蓉 - ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/4851283; accessed Mar 2019).

Ordos / 鄂尔多斯市: (HIMC 0034632); 采集人 朱宗元 [Coll. Zhu Zongyuan] no. 30 / 1958.05.17 / 伊盟鄂托克旗 [Yimeng Etuoke Banner] (HIMC 0034633 - nsii.org.cn/2017/specimen.php?id=2679284; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020).

Ulanqab / 乌兰察布市 / Улаанцав хот: (HIMC 0034647; HIMC 0034648).

Xilin Gol League / Шилин-Гол / 锡林郭勒盟: (HIMC 0034640; HIMC 0034641; HIMC 0034642; HIMC 0034643; HIMC 0034644; HIMC 0034645; HIMC 0034646); 采集人 王玉辰 [Coll. Wang Yuchen] / 2019.06.22 / 锡林郭勒盟; 苏尼特左旗 [Xilin Gol League; Sonid Left Banner, 44°28'23.1"N 113°05'17.0"E] (IATM 0004195 - nsii.org.cn/2017/specimen.php?id=19759825; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020).

Unknown location: (HIMC 0034649).

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR) / 宁夏回族自治区 / 宁夏 / Ningxia / Ning-hsia (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998) [see C. lanzhouensis]

"刘王锁 [Liu Wangsuo] 2017.5.14: 宁夏回族自治区石嘴山市 惠农区 石嘴山市 惠农区简泉农场 [Huinong District / 惠农区, Shizuishan / 石嘴山市, 39°11'09.4"N 106°39'14.9"E"] (PPBC id:3609400 [sub C. sinensis] - ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/3609400, ppbc.iplant.cn/tu/3609338...; accessed Dec 2018 ["Corolla pale yellow, becoming dark blue when dry" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998)]); "Ningxia, Yanchi [盐池县, Wuzhong / 吴忠市]" (Tomari & al. 2003, sub C. sinensis, ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AB116627.1); "Yanchi [盐池县, Wuzhong / 吴忠市], Ningxia Autonomous Region" (PS2005MT01 - JF915388) (Sun & al. 2012: 1043, sub C. sinensis); Fengshaqu [Fengshou?], Ningxia (PS2005MT03 - JF915390) (Sun & al. 2012: 1043, sub C. sinensis).

Shaanxi Province / 陕西省

"3806 / Orobanchée / Cistanche sp. / ... [陕西省] ... / Date 3.VI.[19]18 / matin / ..." (TIE 00030524; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2020).

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region / 新疆维吾尔自治区 / Xinjiang / Sinkiang / 新疆

"NE Xinjiang" (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998)

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Mongolia / Mongolie / Mongolei / 蒙古国 / Монгол улс [unconfirmed (see C. lanzhouensis)] (Grubov 1982, sub C. feddeana; Urgamal & al. 2013, sub C. feddeana [Figure 1. Map of phyto-geographical regions of Mongolia (by Grubov, 1982): 13. Gobi Altai mountain semidesert steppe / 16. Alashan Gobi desert]; Urgamal & al. 2014, sub C. feddeana)

Dornogovi Province / Дорноговь аймаг / East Gobi Aymag / Восточно-Гобийский аймак: "Phelipaea lanuginosa C.A. Mey / N 1063  1.VII.1926 г. / ... [Сайншанд сум / Sainshand District?] / С. Кондратьев [S. Kondratyev]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190447 - MW 0190447.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, see C. lanzhouensis); "Cistanche feddeana Hao / Монгольская Народная Республика [Mongolian People's Republic] / Восточно-Гобийский аймак Урген сомон [(район) Örgön District / Өргөн сум, c. 44°43'40.0"N 110°46'36.0"E] / ... / Сухие ... / 5.VII.1975. N. 582b  Собр. О.В. Журба [O.V. Zhurba] ..." (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190449 - MW 0190449.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, see C. lanzhouensis); "Cistanche feddeana Hao / Монголия, Восточно-Гобийский аймак Урген район [Örgön District] ... 5.VII.1975. N. 582a  Собр. О.В. Журба [O.V. Zhurba]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190450 - MW 0190450.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, see C. lanzhouensis); "Cistanche feddeana Hao / Монголия, Монголия, Восточно-Гобийский аймак, 280 км на 10103 от г. Сайн-шанд [Сайншанд сум / Sainshand District] ... 22.VI.1980. Nº 5642 Собр. И.А. Губанов [I.A. Gubanov]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190453 - MW 0190453.jpg - ED1098 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/LT715382.1 (Ataei & al. 2020, sub C. sinensis); rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018, see C. lanzhouensis [corolla lobes pale brown-yellow when dry (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998)]); "East Gobi: - Tract Kalganskij [Калганский тракт / Kalgan (Zhangjiakou / 张家口市,) highway], ridge Dologelut (Pob. 20.08.1931). (Grubov et al. 2006: 13) – Dornogov: Balarin-khuduk (Balariin Hudag 46°14' N 110°15' E) along way way from Alashan (= Dongsheng [Ordos City / 鄂尔多斯市, Inner Mongolia, China]) to Urga (= Ulaan-Baatar [Ulaanbaatar / Улаанбаатар]), on sand (Tschet. 16.05.1909). (Grubov et al. 2006: 14 sub C. ningxiaensis) – Dornogov Aim.: Naran-Mandakh sum [Mandakh District / Мандах сум] (44,406 N 108,252 E), tract Dzagiin-Khuduk, 30 km N of sum, depression (Junussov 05.06.1941). (Grubov et al. 2006: 14 sub C. ningxiaensis). - Ibidem, 15-19 km SE of Dobusan-Eligen-khuduk [near Mandakh District / Мандах сум] (Junussov 07.06.1941). (Grubov et al. 2006: 14 sub C. ningxiaensis)" (Uhlich, 2014: 3, sub C. lanzhouensis); "12 [East Gobi] (Khar Sukhai), (Tzvelev 2006)" (Urgamal & al. 2014: 193, sub C. lanzhouensis); "12 [East Gobi] (Mandakh sum, Zagiin khudag), (Tzvelev 2006)" (Urgamal & al. 2014: 193, sub C. ningxiaensis).

Govi-Altai Province / Говь-Алтай аймаг / 戈壁阿尔泰省: 13 [Gobi Altai mountain semidesert steppe] by Grubov, 1982, sub C. feddeana (Urgamal & al. 2013, sub C. feddeana; Urgamal & al. 2014: 193, sub C. feddeana).

Khovd Province / Ховд аймаг / Кобдоский аймак: Munkhkhairkhan mountain [Мөнххайрхан уул] (Altai mountain system) ["Table 2. List of newly recorded species in two phytogeographical regions of Mongolian Altai (MA) and Dzungarian Gobi (DG)."] (Batlai & al. 2017: 577, sub C. feddeana).

Ömnögovi aymag / Ѳмнѳговь аймаг / Умнеговь / 南戈壁省: 16 [Alashan Gobi desert] by Grubov, 1982, sub C. feddeana (Urgamal & al. 2013, sub C. feddeana; Urgamal & al. 2014: 193, sub C. feddeana); "Alashan Gobi: - Ömnögov Aim.: tract Kobden-obot [Alash Gobi (Kobden-Usu between Gashiun lake and Tostu mountain range / Obot-Khural settlement, desert 10 km east of Tsailyan border post] N of lake Gaxun-Nur [salt lake Juyan Lake / 居延海 / Gashuun Nuur, Alxa League, Inner Mongolia, China] (Pot. 13.08.1886). (Grubov et al. 2006: 13 f.)" (Uhlich 2014: 3, sub C. lanzhouensis); Khanbogd District / Ханбогд сум, 43°01'38.7"N 106°41'05.2"E, near Oyu Tolgoi / Оюу Толгой, 13 Jun 2016 (inaturalist.org/observations/66690956 by Oyuna Batlai, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist.org, accessed Nov 2020 [cf. C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])]); Khanbogd District / Ханбогд сум, 42°30'11.4"N 107°57'02.4"E, near Gashuun Sukhait / Гашуун Сухайт, 19 Jun 2016 (inaturalist.org/observations/48653165 by Oyuna Batlai, sub C. salsa, in iNaturalist.org, accessed Nov 2020 [cf. C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])]); Gurvan tes / Гурван тэс, 43°25'36.7"N 100°58'51.6"E, 21 May 2019 (photo inaturalist.org/observations/58818655 - gbif.org/occurrence/2862284971 by urtnasan, sub C. deserticola, in iNaturalist.org, accessed Nov 2020 [cf. C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])]); Khanbogd District / Ханбогд сум., 42°44'39.0"N 107°44'38.7"E, near Gashuun Sukhait / Гашуун Сухайт (photo inaturalist.org/observations/50376110 by Urgamal Magsar, sub C. deserticola, in iNaturalist.org, accessed Nov 2020 [cf. C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])]); Ömnögovi, 42°39'48.7"N 107°28'51.2"E, near Gashuun Sukhait / Гашуун Сухайт, Khanbogd District / Ханбогд сум., 14 May 2020 (photo inaturalist.org/observations/62618919 - gbif.org/occurrence/2901674584 by nyambayar, sub C. deserticola, in iNaturalist.org, accessed Nov 2020 [cf. C. sinensis Beck (incl. C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis])]).

Sükhbaatar Province / Сүхбаатар аймаг / Сухэ-Батор / Сухэ-Баторский аймак: "Cistanche feddeana Hao / Монгольская Народная Республика [Mongolian People's Republic] / Сухэ-Баторский аймак Баян-Дэлгэр сум [Bayandelger District] / близ н.л. [Хан] хонгор [Khan khongor], родник Цаган-булак / 1975. Nº 582 / 5. Июль [July] / Собр. О.В. Журба [O.V. Zhurba]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190448 - MW 0190448.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, see C. lanzhouensis); "Cistanche feddeana Hao / МНР [Mongolian People's Republic]: Сухэ-Баторский аймак / 15 км на С3 ... Онгон [Ongon Sum] / ... 15.VII.1978  Собр. Огуреева Г.Н. [Ogureyev G.N.]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190451 - MW 0190451.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, see C. lanzhouensis); "Cistanche feddeana Hao / Монгольская Народная Республика [Mongolian People's Republic] / Сухэ-Баторский аймак Баян-Дэлгэр сум [Bayandelger District] / близ н.л. [Хан] хонгор [Khan khongor], родник Цаган-булак / 1975. Nº 582 / 5. Июль [July] / Собр. О.В. Журба [O.V. Zhurba]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190452 - MW 0190452.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, see C. lanzhouensis).

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References.

Ataei, N., Schneeweiss, G.M., García, M.A., Krug, M., Lehnert, M., Valizadeh, J. & Quandt, D. 2020 [Available online 23 Jun 2020, 106898]. A multilocus phylogeny of the non-photosynthetic parasitic plant Cistanche (Orobanchaceae) refutes current taxonomy and identifies four major morphologically distinct clades. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution [in press]. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2020.106898. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1055790320301706.

Beck, G. 1930 [30 Sep 1930]. IV. 261. Orobanchaceae Lindl. In: Engler, A. (ed.). Das Pflanzenreich. Regni Vegetabili Conspectus. Wilhelm Engelmann. Leipzig, pp. 1-348. URL: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/71652.

Chinese Virture Herbarium [中国数字植物标本馆] (CVH). 2004-2020. 国家植物标本资源库 (National Plant Specimen Resource Center, NPSRC). Institute of Botany, CAS. URL: http://www.cvh.ac.cn/ - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/list.php?taxonName=Cistanche - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/card.php?taxonName=Cistanche+sinensis - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=bef0e3ed [browser link]... - http://www.cvh.ac.cn/spm/WUK/0121243 [former browser link]... (accessed Sep 2016).

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