Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 29 March 2019


Accepted Name:

Cistanche sinensis Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 38 (1930) (CVH [FRPS 69: 84. 1990])

Synonyms:

Misapplied names:

Cistanche feddeana auct. saltem p.p., non Cistanche feddeana K.S. Hao in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 222 (1934) (CVH [FRPS 69: 84])

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Ind. loc.: "Nord-China [China / 中华]: Kansu [Gansu / 甘肃省] septentrional, bei Wei tschou [Lanzhou / Lan-Tcheou?], am 7. Juni 1918 (R. P. Licent n. 3845; in Herb. mus. Paris)" (Beck, 1930: 38).

Holotypus / Holotype: 1. "3845 / Kansou [Gansu / 甘肃省, Nord-China (China / 中华)] septentrional / Wei tschou [Lanzhou / Lan-Tcheou?] / 7-VI-1918 [leg. R.P. Licent]". 2. "Cistanche sinensis n. sp. / 20.XII.1928 Beck [m. Beck] / R.P. Licent. — Chine Septentrionale. / Reçu le 24 Août 1922". 3. "det.-rev. Ataei 05-2014" (P 02983456). 1. "Herbarium Kewense / Northern China / Nº 3845 / cis / Cystanche sp. / Wei tschou [Lanzhou / Lan-Tcheou?] / Kansou [Gansu / 甘肃省, Nord-China (China / 中华)] Septenl / 7.6.18 / Coll. Abbe E. Licent]". 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Det. N. Ataei  2012.02.03". 3. "isotype / of Cistanche sinensis Beck / in Engl., Pflanzenr. IV: 261 (Heft 96): 38 (1930)". 4. "Molecular (DNA), Organ: Leaf, flower, DNA Bank number: 42129, Taken by: Crawford, Dept.: Herbarium, Date: 19.4.2012" (K 000852791, isotype).

Designated by: Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 38 (1930).

Host: Parasitic on Chenopodiaceae species (e.g., Caroxylon passerinum (Bunge) Akhani & Roalson [Salsola passerina Bunge]), Tamaricaceae sp. (e.g., Reaumuria songarica (Pall.) Maxim. [Tamarix songarica Pall.]), Fabaceae (e.g., Ammopiptanthus mongolicus (Kom.) S.H. Cheng, Caragana tibetica Kom.), Zygophyllaceae (e.g., Zygophyllum xanthoxylon (Bunge) Maxim., Tetraena mongolica Maxim.) and Rosaceae (Potaninia mongolica Maxim.) (Xin, 1992: 191; CVH [FRPS 69: 84]; frps.iplant.cn C.sinensis). The host plants need to be confirmed by further studies.

Comments: Peng & Wang, 1996: 94 t. 67 f. 1-3 (C. sinensis) vs. 1996: 95 t. 68 f. 1-7 (C. lanzhouensis [C. ningxiaensis]). "Calyx 5-parted, lobes unequal; corolla lobes pale brown-yellow when dry (C. lanzhouensis) / Calyx 4-parted, lobes subequal; corolla lobes dark blue when dry (C. sinensis)" (Zhang & Tzvelev, 1998). However, after studying the types, we believe that more research is needed to establish their morphological and host differences.

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, Xin, 1992: 189, t. 73 f. 4-6; b, Peng & Wang, 1996: 94 t. 67 f. 1-3; c, Zhang & Tzvelev in Flora of China 18: f. 256-7 ["Opened calyx"]; frps.iplant.cn C.sinensis et FRPS 69: 88, t. 23 f. 6. 1990; d, photos PPBC id: 3609307 by 刘王锁 [Liu Wangsuo] 2017-05-14 in PPBC 31064, accessed Dec 2018 ["Corolla pale yellow, becoming dark blue when dry" (Zhang & Tzvelev, 1998)]; PPBC id: 1647977 by 朱强 [Zhu Qiang] 2007.5.10 in PPBC 45742, sub C. mongolica, accessed Mar 2019; PPBC id:4851283, sub C. deserticola by 王孜 [Wang Wei] 2017.7.6 in PPBC 31067, accessed Mar 2019).

Distribution: China and Mongolia [unconfirmed]. "产内蒙古、甘肃和宁夏。 [Inner Mongolia, Gansu and Ningxia.] 常生于荒漠草原带及荒漠区的沙质地、砾石地或丘陵坡地,海拔1000-2240米。" (frps.iplant.cn C.sinensis); "Grasslands, slopes; 1000-2400 m. Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, NE Xinjiang" (Zhang & Tzvelev, 1998).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

China / Chine / Китай / 中国 (FRPS 69: 84 1990) (see C. lanzhouensis)

Gansu / 甘肃省 / Kan-su / Kansu / Kan-suh: 1. "3845 / Kansou [Gansu / 甘肃省, Nord-China (China / 中华)] septentrional / Wei tschou [Lanzhou / Lan-Tcheou?] / 7-VI-1918 [leg. R.P. Licent]". 2. "Cistanche sinensis n. sp. / 20.XII.1928 Beck [m. Beck] / R.P. Licent. — Chine Septentrionale. / Reçu le 24 Août 1922". 3. "det.-rev. Ataei 05-2014" (P 02983456; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016, holotype). 1. "Herbarium Kewense / Northern China / Nº 3845 / cis / Cystanche sp. / Wei tschou [Lanzhou / Lan-Tcheou?] / Kansou [Gansu / 甘肃省, Nord-China (China / 中华)] Septenl / 7.6.18 / Coll. Abbe E. Licent]". 2. "Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck / Det. N. Ataei  2012.02.03". 3. "isotype / of Cistanche sinensis Beck / in Engl., Pflanzenr. IV: 261 (Heft 96): 38 (1930)". 4. "Molecular (DNA), Organ: Leaf, flower, DNA Bank number: 42129, Taken by: Crawford, Dept.: Herbarium, Date: 19.4.2012" (K 000852791; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016, isotype); "Nord-China [China / 中华]: Kansu [Gansu / 甘肃省] septentrional, bei Wei tschou [Lanzhou / Lan-Tcheou?], am 7. Juni 1918 (R. P. Licent n. 3845; in Herb. mus. Paris)" (Beck, 1930: 38); Gansu / 甘肃 / 1958.07 / 采集人/号 孔宪武 [Kong Xianwu] (WUK 0121243; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019).

Nei Mongol Autonomous Region / Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region / Внутренняя Монголия / 內蒙古 / 内蒙古自治区 (Zhang & Tzvelev, 1998)

Alxa League / 阿拉善盟: (HIMC 0034635; HIMC 0034636; HIMC 0034637; HIMC0034639).

Ordos / 鄂尔多斯市: (HIMC 0034632; HIMC 0034633).

Ulanqab / 乌兰察布市 / Улаанцав хот: (HIMC 0034647; HIMC 0034648).

Xilin Gol League / Шилин-Гол / 锡林郭勒盟: (HIMC 0034640; HIMC 0034641; HIMC 0034642; HIMC 0034643; HIMC 0034644; HIMC 0034645; HIMC 0034646).

Unknown location: (HIMC 0034649).

Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (NHAR) / 宁夏回族自治区 / 宁夏 / Ningxia / Ning-hsia (Zhang & Tzvelev, 1998)

"刘王锁 [Liu Wangsuo] 2017.5.14: 宁夏回族自治区石嘴山市 惠农区 石嘴山市 惠农区简泉农场 [Huinong District / 惠农区, Shizuishan / 石嘴山市]" (PPBC id:3609400, accessed Dec 2018 ["Corolla pale yellow, becoming dark blue when dry" (Zhang & Tzvelev, 1998)]).

Shaanxi Province / 陕西省: "王孜 [Wang Wei] 2017.7.6 拍摄: 陕西省 榆林市 定边县 黄土高原 [Dingbian County / 定边县, Yulin / 榆林市]" (PPBC id:4851283, sub C. deserticola).

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region / 新疆维吾尔自治区 / Xinjiang / Sinkiang / 新疆 (Zhang & Tzvelev, 1998)

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Mongolia / Mongolie / Mongolei / 蒙古国 / Монгол улс [unconfirmed (see C. lanzhouensis)] (Grubov, 1982, sub C. feddeana; Urgamal & al., 2013, sub C. feddeana [Figure 1. Map of phyto-geographical regions of Mongolia (by Grubov, 1982): 13. Gobi Altai mountain semidesert steppe / 16. Alashan Gobi desert]; Urgamal & al., 2014, sub C. feddeana)

Dornogovi Province / Дорноговь аймаг / Восточно-Гобийский аймак: "Cistanche feddeana Hao / Монголия, Восточно-Гобийский аймак Урген район [Örgön District] ... 5.VII.1975. N. 582b  Собр. О.В. Журба [O.V. Zhurba]" (MW 0190449; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, see C. lanzhouensis); "Cistanche feddeana Hao / Монголия, Восточно-Гобийский аймак Урген район [Örgön District] ... 5.VII.1975. N. 582a  Собр. О. В. Журба [O.V. Zhurba]" (MW 0190450; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, see C. lanzhouensis); "Cistanche feddeana Hao / Монголия, Монголия, Восточно-Гобийский аймак, 280 км на 10103 от г. Сайн-шанд [Сайншанд сум / Sainshand District] ... 22.VI.1980. Nº 5642 Собр. И.А. Губанов [I.A. Gubanov]" (MW 0190453; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018, see C. lanzhouensis [corolla lobes pale brown-yellow when dry (Zhang & Tzvelev, 1998)]).

Sükhbaatar Province / Сүхбаатар аймаг / Сухэ-Батор / Сухэ-Баторский аймак: "Cistanche feddeana Hao / ... Сухэ-Баторский аймак Баяндэлгэр сум [Bayandelger]... 5.VII.1975. N. 582  Собр. О. В. Журба [O.V. Zhurba]" (MW 0190448; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2019, see C. lanzhouensis).

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References.

Beck, G. 1930 [30 Sep 1930]. IV. 261. Orobanchaceae. In: Engler, A. (ed.). Das Pflanzenreich. Regni Vegetabili Conspectus. Wilhelm Engelmann. Leipzig, pp. 1-348.

Chinese Virture Herbarium (CVH). 2004-2013. Orobanchaceae. Cistanche sinensis. URL: http://www.cvh.ac.cn/ - http://www.cvh.ac.cn/en - http://www.cvh.ac.cn/cnpc/Cistanche%20sinensis - http://www.cvh.ac.cn/splatin/27798 (accessed Sep 2016).

FloraGREIF - Virtual Flora of Mongolia. Virtual Guide to the Flora of Mongolia - Plant Database as Practica Approach. Cistanche. [Search Plant Database]. University of Greifswald, Institute of Botany and Landscape Ecology, Institute of Geography and Geology, Computer Centre, 2010- (continuously updated). Computer Centre of University of Greifswald, D-17487 Greifswald, Germany (accessed Mar 2019).

FRPS 69. 1990. Flora Republicae Popularis Sinicae [Delectis Florae Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae] 69: 83-89 [FRPS 69: 84 1990]. Agendae Academiae Sinicae Edita [FRPS. Anonymous 1959-1998. 80 vols.] (Chinese). URL: http://frps.iplant.cn/pdf/69/084a.pdf.

GBIF (The Global Biodiversity Information Facility). GBIF Online Resource Centre. Search. Cistanche sinensis. URL: https://www.gbif.org/species/3730567 (accessed Mar 2019).

Grubov, V.I. [Грубов, В.И.]. 1982. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) [Определитель сосудистых растений Монголии (с атласом) / Монголын цоргот ургамал таних бичиг (зургийн хамтаар)] Nauka, Leningrad, 443 pp.

Gubanov, I.A. 1996. Conspectus of the flora of Outer Mongolia. Moscow, "Valang" Press, 136 pp.

Hao, K. S. 1934. Plantae novae Sinicae. I. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 222-224.

K (Kew). Royal Botanic Gardens. 2002. Kew Databases - Herbarium catalogue - ePIC [electronic Plant Information Centre] - [searchpage IK]. URL: http://www.kew.org/epic/ - http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000852791 (accessed Sep 2016).

MNHN (Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle). Vascular plants (P). Orobanchaceae. URL: https://science.mnhn.fr/all/search - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/search - http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02983456 [permalink]... - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02983456 [browser link]... - http://mediaphoto.mnhn.fr/media/1441353062510nsYWJ5HRFzNsR44p [image link]... (accessed Sep 2016).

NSII. Virtual Museum. URL: http://www.cfh.ac.cn/NSII/VirtualMuseum.html  (accessed Mar 2019).

Peng, H.Y. & Wang, K. [xu yang peng wang ke zhi]. 1996. Orobanchaceae. zhong guo tan yang qu zhi wu zhi [Flora Sinensts in Area Tan-Yang 4] (Chinese).

PPBC, Plant Photo Bank of China [中国植物图像库]. 2008+. 系统与进化植物学国家重点实验室-中国科学院植物研究所 [State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany (LSEB) - Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)]. URL: http://ppbc.iplant.cn/ (accessed Oct. 2013).

Seregin, A.P. (ed.). 2018. Specimen MW0190453... from the collection "Moscow University Herbarium" // Depository of Live Systems (branch "Plants"): Electronic resource. – Moscow State University, Moscow. URL: https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0190453... (accessed Mar 2018).

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Urgamal, M., Oyuntsetseg, B., Nyambayar, D. & Dulamsuren, Ch. 2014. Lamiaceae-Menyanthaceae. In: Sanchir, Ch. & Jamsran, Ts. (eds.). Conspectus of the vascular plants of Mongolia. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. "Admon" Press. 334 pp. (pp. 158-187). URL: https://www.academia.edu/33088481/Lamiaceae-Menyanthaceae_in_Conspectus_of_the_vascular_plants_of_Mongolia_2014_.pdf.

Xin, L.Y. [liu ying xin]. 1992. zhong guo sha mo zhi wu zhi [Flora in desertis Reipublicae Populorum Sinarum 3] (Chinese).

Zhang, Z.Y. 1984. 中国列当科的研究(一) / Studies on the Family Orobanchaceae of China (I). 植物研究 / Bull. Bot. Res. 4(4): 110-119 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Zhang, Z.Y. & Tzvelev, N.N. 1998. Orobanchaceae. Cistanche. Cistanche sinensis. In: Flora of China 18: 229-243. URL: http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200021457 (accessed Aug 2009).

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