Óscar SÁNCHEZ PEDRAJA 1,  Gonzalo MORENO MORAL 2,  Luis CARLÓN 3,

Renata Piwowarczyk 4, Manuel LAÍNZ 5  &  Gerald M. SCHNEEWEISS 6

ISSN: 2386-9666

(September 2005  "onwards"  [last updated  14  October  2019]  -  3,4 MB)

 


Aeginetia - Anoplanthus - Anoplon - Aphyllon - Boschniakia - Boulardia - Campbellia - Catodiacrum - Ceratocalyx - Chorobanche - Christisonia - Cistanche - Cliffordia - Conopholis - Diphelypaea - Epifagus - Gleadovia - Gymnocaulis - Haemodoron - Hyobanche - Kopsia - Kopsiopsis - Lathraea - Legocia - Leptamnium - Loxanthes - Mannagettaea - Mylanche - Myzorrhiza - Necranthus - Oligopholis - Orobanche - Orobanchella - PhacellanthusPhelipanche - Phelypaea [Phelipaea, Phelippaea, Phelypea, Phelipea, Phaelypaea, Phaelypae] - Platypholis - Thalesia - Tienmuia - Trionychon [Trionychion] - Xylanche - Other Genera of Orobanchaceae Vent. (1799) [nom. conserv.] in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden (accessed Apr 2009) – Host - References - Images – Authors - Advisers - Cite us - GBC - Edited by Óscar Sánchez Pedraja in Liérganes (Cantabria, Spain)


Aeginetia

Aeginetia L., Sp. Pl. 2: 632 (1753 [1 May 1753]). Type Name: Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia sect. Aeginetia. Syn.: = Aeginetia sect. Euaeginetia Beck (1930)

Aeginetia sect. Centronota (DC.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 21 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Syn.: Centronia Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 776[-777] (1826) [nom. illeg., later homonym], non Centronia D. Don in Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 4: 314 (1823); Centronota DC., Prodr. 9: 286 (1845) [Meissn. Gen.: 303 [213] (1840)], nom. nov. Type Name: Centronia mirabilis Blume (1826); Aeginetia mirabilis (Blume) Bakh. (1921)

Aeginetia sect. Euaeginetia Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 17 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]), nom. illg. (Art. 21.3 ICN)

Aeginetia sect. Pseudoaeginetia Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 20 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Type Name: Aeginetia pedunculata (Roxb.) Wall. (1831); = Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844)

Aeginetia abbreviata Buch.-Ham. ex Benth., Scroph. Ind.: 55 (1835 [17 Nov 1835]) ["Hamilt. Mss."]. Syn.:  Phelypaea abbreviata (Buch.-Ham. ex Benth) Steud. (1841); Aeginetia pedunculata var. abbreviata (Buch.-Ham. ex Benth.) Walp. (1843); = Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844). Ind. loc.: "Peninsula [India], Sillet [Khasi Hills, Shillong Plateau, Meghalaya, India], Rangoon [Yangon, Myanmar / Burma], Prome [Pyay, Myanmar / Burma], Wallich". Types: "Wall. Cat, n. 3965", Patnitala, Bangladesh, 1826 (K 000999883 - 665315.jpg; K 001117748 - 681942). Herbarium Specimens: K 001117749 - 681943.jpg

Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3: 481 (1844 [12-14 Sep 1844]). Syn.:  Orobanche acaulis Roxb. (1814), nom. nud.; Orobanche acaulis Roxb. (1820); Aeginetia pedunculata var. acaulis (Roxb.) Beck (1930); = Orobanche pedunculata Roxb. (1814), nom. nud.; = Aeginetia pedunculata (Roxb.) Wall. (1831); = Phelypaea abbreviata (Buch.-Ham. ex Benth) Steud. (1841); = Aeginetia pedunculata var. abbreviata (Buch.-Ham. ex Benth.) Walp. (1843). Ind. loc.: "Found growing on the root of the China sugar cane [Saccharum sp. (Poaceae)], in the Botanic Garden at Calcutta [Kolkata, India], and in full blossom in September." (Roxburgh, 1820: 89). Ic.: a, Wallich, 1831: t. 219, sub A. pedunculata; b, f. 264, 9-11 in Flora of China.efloras.org; c, efloraofindia, sub A. pedunculata (accessed Aug 2019). Hosts: Poaceae (Saccharum officinarum L., Saccharum × sinense Roxb., S. spontaneum L. [Imperata spontanea (L.) P. Beauv.], Chrysopogon zizanioides (L.) Roberty [Andropogon muricatus Retz.; Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash], Chrysopogon hackelii (Hook. f.) C.E.C. Fisch. [Andropogon hackelii Hook. f.], Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers., Hemarthria compressa (L. f.) R. Br., Sehima nervosum (Rottler) Stapf, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench [Panicum frumentaceum Salisb.], Themeda triandra Forssk. [Anthistiria arguens f. japonica Andersson]) (Roxburgh 1814; Bakhuizen van den Brink 1921; Ray & Dasgupta 2003; Ray & Dasgupta 2009, sub A. pedunculata). Herbarium Specimens: K 000999881-4; K 001117749; K 001117748; O V2004065; P 04366255; CVH 52332 [PE 01542215; IBK 00054085]

Aeginetia acaulis var. alpha Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl.: 221 (1860). Syn.: = Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844)

Aeginetia boninensis Nakai in Bot. Mag. Tokyo 45: 134 (1931). Syn.: = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia centronia Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 2: 713 (1856). Syn.: = Aeginetia mirabilis (Blume) Bakh. (1921)

Aeginetia coccinea (M. Bieb.) Juss. ex Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3: 481 (1844), pro syn. Syn.:  Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Aeginetia coccinea Juss. ex Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 44 (1847), pro syn. Syn.: = Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975)

Aeginetia flava J. Parn. in Kew Bull. 67(1): 81 [-82 f. 1] (2012 [17 Mar 2012]). Type: "Thailand, Chanthaburi, Khao Soi Dao Nuea, 1,400-1,540 m, 26 Aug 2008, Harwood 2013 (holotypus TCD!; isotypus BKF!)" (Parnell 2012: 81). Host: "An unidentified Strobilanthes species [Acanthaceae] dominates..." (Parnell 2012)

Aeginetia indica L., Sp. Pl. 2: 632 (1753 [1 May 1753]). Syn.: Phelypaea indica (L.) Spreng. ex Steud. (1841); = Orobanche aeginetia L. (1763); = Aeginetia japonica Siebold & Zucc. (1835), nom. amb.; = Aeginetia mairei H. Lév. (1916); = Aeginetia sekimotoana Makino (1930); = Aeginetia boninensis Nakai (1931); = Aeginetia saccharicola Bakh. (1933). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Malabaria [Malabar, S.W. India]". Type: "Rheede, Hortus Indicus Malabaricus 11: 97, t. 47. 1692 (lectotype)" (Parnell, 2001: 73). Ic.: a, Wight 1846: t. 895 (Plant illustrations, accessed Apr 2015); b, Makino 1902: t. 80; c, f. 264, 1-8 in Flora of China.efloras.org; d, PPBC 2306379 (accessed Apr 2017); e, A. indica in Japanese Wild Flowers - Prof. Summer's Web Garden (accessed Jul 2019); f, naturalista 4129150 by Amaël Borzée (accessed Aug 2019); g, A. indica in efloraofindia (accessed Aug 2019). Hosts: parasitic on many species of the families Poaceae (Imperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv. [Saccharum cylindricum (L.) Lam.; I. arundinacea var. koenigii (Retz.) Benth.], Miscanthus sacchariflorus (Maxim.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Franch. [Imperata sacchariflora Maxim.], Miscanthus sinensis Andersson [Saccharum japonicum Thunb.], Oryza sativa L., Panicum miliaceum L., Saccharum arundinaceum Retz. [Erianthus arundinaceus (Retz.) Jeswiet; Imperata exaltata (Roxb.) Brongn.], Saccharum officinarum L., Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. [Panicum italicum L.; Setaria germanica (Mill.) P. Beauv.], Setaria plicata (Lam.) T. Cooke [Panicum plicatum Lam.], Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench [Panicum frumentaceum Salisb.], Zea mays L.), Zingiberaceae (Zingiber mioga (Thunb.) Roscoe), Cannaceae (Canna indica L.), Cyperaceae (Carex brownii subsp. transversa (Boott) J.Kern [C. transversa Boott], C. lanceolata Boott, C. morrowii Boott) (Kusano 1903; Kusano 1908; Bakhuizen van den Brink 1921; Beck 1930; Suwa & ‎al. 1995; Ray & Dasgupta 2010; Ray & Dasgupta 2010b; Hutabarat 2015; Tsuyuzaki, accessed Jul 2019). Herbarium Specimens: NY 00525349 ("Festland bei Hong Kong", C.V. Starr Virtual Herbarium, accessed Feb 2010); NY 00089807; K 000999874 - 665305.jpg; CVH 63323 [CCAU 0000878; PE 01542082]. Obs. A. indica in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden (accessed Apr 2009); USDA (accessed Apr 2009); Flora of Pan-Himalayas (accessed Dec 2014)

Aeginetia indica var. boninensis (Nakai) H. Harr. in Enum. Sperm. Jap. 1: 286 (1948). Syn.:  Aeginetia boninensis Nakai (1931); = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia indica var. gracilis Nakai in Bot. Mag. Tokyo 45: 136[-137] (1931 [20 Mar 1931]) (Ohwi 1965: 810). Syn.: = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia indica var. sekimotoana (Makino) Makino in Journ. Jap. Bot. 20: 128 (1944) (Ohwi 1965: 810). Syn.: = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia indica f. japonica (Siebold & Zucc.) Bakh. in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 3(13): 83 (1933) (Ohwi 1965: 810). Syn.: = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia japonica Siebold & Zucc., Fl. Jap. 1: 17 (1835), nom. amb. Syn.: = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia japonica Siebold & Zucc. in Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 4(3): 141 (1846). Syn.: Aeginetia indica f. japonica (Siebold & Zucc.) Bakhuiz. (1933); = Aeginetia indica L. (1753). Type: "Type not located" (Parnell 2001: 73)

Aeginetia kimurai Makino in Journ. Jap. Bot. 7 (3): 97 (1931). Syn.: = Aeginetia sinensis Beck (1930)

Aeginetia mairei H. Lév. in Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan: 199 (1916). Syn.: = Aeginetia indica L. (1753). Ind. loc.: "Vallée de Long-Ky [Yu-Nan / Yunnan, China], Journ. juill. 1912 (E.E. Maire)"

Aeginetia mirabilis (Blume) Bakh. in Trop. Natuur 10(10): 156 (1921) ["in obs.; et in Trop. Natuur, 10(11): 172 (1921)"]. Syn.: Centronia mirabilis Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 776[-777] (1826); Tronicena mirabilis (Blume) Steud., Nom. Bot. ed. 2.2: 721 (1841); Gasparinia mirabilis (Blume) Endl. in Natuur- Geneesk. Arch. Ned.-Indië 2: 7 (1845); Centronota mirabilis DC., Prodr. 9: 286 (1845), nom. nov.; = Aeginetia centronia Miq. (1856). Ind. loc.: "in sylvis humidis montis Salak" [West Java, Indonesia]. Hosts: "Overblijvende kruiden, woekerend op de wortels van Ficus-soorten [Moraceae], Cyrtandra [Gesneriaceae], Schismatoglottis [Araceae], Piper [Piperaceae], enz." (Bakhuizen van den Brink 1921). Obs. see Gbif 3728142 (L 2825110; L 2825113); Kew 661843-1

Aeginetia mpomii Letouzey in Adansonia sér. 2(7): 29 (1967). Type: Cameroon: A 45 Km au Sud Est de Linté, prčs Mankim (route Ntui-Yoko), R. Letouzey 8100, 3 Octobre 1966 (P 00569114). Hosts: parasitic on Poaceae: Loudetia phragmitoides (Peter) C.E. Hubb. [Trichopteryx phragmitoides Peter] and Chrysopogon fulvibarbis (Trin.) Veldkamp [Sorghum fulvibarbe (Trin.) Kuntze; Vetiveria fulvibarbis (Trin.) Stapf]

Aeginetia pedunculata (Roxb.) Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 13, t. 219 (1831). Syn.:  Orobanche pedunculata Roxb. (1814), nom. nud. ["p. 45 et jusd. mss." (Wallich 1831: 13)]; = Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Bengala, infra gramina altiora, praecipuč varias species Bambusae, eonrum radicum parasitica(?). Viget, floret fructificatque sub pluviis". Type: "India, Wallich 3695 (holotype K)" (Parnell 2001: 75) ... is lectotypified here using this illustration [t. 219]. Hosts: "Aeginetia pedunculata (Roxb.) Wall. (Orobanchaceae) was first reported onsugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L. [Poaceae]) in India around a sugar factory area at Plassey [Palashi] in West Bengal (Ray and Dasgupta 2003; Ray and Dasgupta 2006a)" (Ray & Dasgupta 2010b). Herbarium Specimens: K 000999880 - 665311.jpg. Obs. see (Gbif 3728122; Vijay & al. 2016)

Aeginetia pedunculata var. abbreviata (Buch.-Ham. ex Benth.) Walp. in Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19 (suppl.1): 400 (1843). Syn.: = Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844)

Aeginetia pedunculata var. acaulis (Roxb.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 21 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Syn.: Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844)

Aeginetia rodgeri (W.W. Sm. & Banerji) Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 156 (1927 [31 May 1927]). Syn.: Christisonia rodgeri W.W. Sm. & S.C. Banerji (1914)

Aeginetia saccharicola Bakh. in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 3(13): 87 (1933). Syn.: = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia saulierei (Dunn) Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 155 (1927 [31 May 1927]). Syn.: Christisonia saulierei Dunn (1914)

Aeginetia scortechinii Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 156 (1927 [31 May 1927]). Syn.: = Christisonia scortechinii Prain (1904)

Aeginetia selebica Bakh. in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 3(13): 89 (1933). Ind. loc.: Sulawesi / Celebes, Indonesia. Ic.: Philippines: "Panay: Antique, Iloilo (Barcelona 3721 with Pelser). Root holoparasite on Imperata cylindrica [I. cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv.; Saccharum cylindricum (L.) Lam. (Poaceae)]. Photos" (Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines. Orobanchaceae edited by P.B. Pelser, 10 Mar 2013; accessed Aug 2019)

Aeginetia sekimotoana Makino in Journ. Jap. Bot. 6: 27 (1930). Syn.: Aeginetia indica var. sekimotoana (Makino) Makino (1944); = Aeginetia indica L. (1753)

Aeginetia sessilis Shivam. & Rajanna in Rheedea 4(2): 133 (1994). Syn.: = Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844). Ind. loc.: "Western Ghats near Kerekatte in Chikkamagalur district and Kudremukh in Dakshina Kannada district, in Karnataka State", India. Ic.: Shivamurthy & Rajanna 1994: 134 f. 1-7 (1994). Type: Kerekatte 26.9.1992, Shivamurthy 114 (holo CAL, Iso MGM)". Hosts: parasitic on Poaceae: Themeda triandra Forssk. [Anthistiria arguens f. japonica Andersson] and Chrysopogon hackelii (Hook. f.) C.E.C. Fisch. [Andropogon hackelii Hook. f.]. Obs. see (Vijay & al. 2016)

Aeginetia siamensis (Craib) Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 155 (1927 [31 May 1927]). Syn.: Christisonia siamensis Craib (1914)

Aeginetia sinensis Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 19 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Syn.: = Aeginetia kimurai Makino (1931). Ind. loc.: "China: Kiangsi, bei Lu Shan im Kuling-Gebirge bei 1100 m Seehöhe im August 1908 (A.K. Schindler, PI. sin. n. 351, im Herb. Berol.!); Prov. Fukien auf dem Berge Tienhwa-schan westl. von Dingdschou (Tingchow) bei ca. 1100 m Seehöhe im Juni, Juli (Wang-te-Hui in Handel-Mazzetti PI. sinens. n. 413!). Japan: Bei Jhao auf feuchtem Waldboden bei 800 m Seehöhe (M. du Bois Reymond n. 665 im Herb. Berlin!)". Ic.: a, A. sinensis in FRPS 69: 78, 79 t. 21 f. 12 (accessed Apr 2017); b, PPBC 597458 (accessed Apr 2017); c, f. 264, 12 in Flora of China.efloras.org; d, Tropicos.org 1739 - MOA 11277. Hosts: parasitic on Poaceae (e.g., Oryza sativa L.). Herbarium Specimens: CVH 106929: HZ 053607; NAS 00242474; PE 01542269; PE 01548186

Aeginetia subacaulis (Benth.) Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 155 (1927). Syn.: Christisonia subacaulis Gardner (1847)

Aeginetia tournefortii (Desf.) [Juss. sec. Steudel] Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 44 (1930), pro syn. Syn.:  Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975)

Aeginetia trimenii Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 155 (1927 [31 May 1927]). Syn.: = Aeginetia acaulis (Roxb.) Walp. (1844)

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Anblatum [Amblatum (orthographic variant)]

Anblatum orientale, flore purpurascente Tournef., Corollarium: 48 (1703) [pre-Linnaean name, not validly published]. Syn.: = Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975); ? = Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975); ? = Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

Anblatum Hill, Brit. Herb.: 128 (1756 [Apr 1756]). Syn.: = Lathraea L. (1753). Type Name: Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

Anblatum Tourn. ex Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 207 (1763). Type Name: Anblatum tournefortii G. Don (1837-1838); ? Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975)

Anblatum Endl., Gen. Pl.: 727 (1839) (Steudel 1841: 318; Reuter 1847: 42)

Anblatum tataricum Fisch. ex G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4(1): 633 (1837-1838), pro syn. Syn.: = Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895)

Anblatum tataricum Fisch. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3(1,9): 314 (1849), pro syn. Syn.: = Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895)

Anblatum tournefortii G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 635 (1837-1838). Syn.: ? Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975); ? = Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975); = Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

Anoplanthus

Anoplanthus Endl., Gen. Pl.: 727 (1839), nom. superfl. (Schneider 2016). Type Name: Orobanche uniflora L. (1753); Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) A. Gray (1848)

Anoplanthus sect. Anblatum Endl., Gen. Pl.: 727 (1839) ["b. Anblatum"]. Type Name: Anblatum orientale, flore purpurascente Tournef. (1703) [pre-Linnaean name]

Anoplanthus sect. Euanoplon Endl., Gen. Pl.: 727 (1839) ["a. Euanoplon"], nom. inv. (Art 21.3 ICN). Syn.:  Aphyllon sect. Aphyllon. Type Name: Orobanche uniflora L. (1753); Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) A. Gray (1848)

Anoplanthus sect. Macranoplon Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 42 (1847). Syn.: = Anblatum Endl., Gen. Pl. 27 [Anoplanthus sect. Anblatum Endl., Gen. Pl.: 727 (1839)] (Reuter, 1847: 42)

Anoplanthus biebersteinii Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 42 (1847). Syn.:  Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplanthus biebersteinii var. boissieri Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 42 (1847). Syn.: = Diphelypaea boissieri (Reut) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplanthus coccineus (M. Bieb.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3: 481 (1844 [12-14 Sep 1844]). Syn.:  Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplanthus coccineus var. peduncularis Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(2): 494 (1879 [Apr-May 1879]). Syn.: = Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplanthus coccineus var. nigrovittatus Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(2): 494 (1879 [Apr-May 1879]). Syn.: = Diphelypaea boissieri (Reut) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplanthus fasciculatus (Nutt.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3(3): 480 (1844 [12-14 Sep 1844]). Syn.: Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848)

Anoplanthus helenae (Popl.) Stankov in Stankov & Taliev, Syst. Classif. Vasc. Pl. Eu. Russ.: 825 (1949). Syn.: ? = Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplanthus tournefortii (Desf.) Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 42 (1847). Syn.:  Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplanthus uniflorus (L.) Endl., Iconogr. Gen. Pl. 6: [XII] t. 72 (1839 [Jan-Feb 1839]). Syn.: Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) A. Gray (1848)

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Anoplon

Anoplon Rchb. in Consp. Regn. Veg.: 212b (1828). Syn.:  Orobanche trib. Anoplon Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 25, 66 (1825)", nom. inv. (Art 37.6). Type Name: Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975). Obs. Taxon 65: 194, "Ex 24bis"

Anoplon biebersteinii C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831 [Nov-Dec 1831]). Syn.:  Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplon biflorum G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4(1): 634 (1837-1838). Syn.: Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torr. & A. Gray(1848)

Anoplon coccineum (M. Bieb.) Riedl & Schiman-Czeika in Rechinger, Fl. Iranica 5: 2 (1964). Syn.:  Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Anoplon fasciculatum (Nutt.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4(1): 633 (1837-1838). Syn.: Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848)

Anoplon tournefortii (Desf.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4(1): 633 (1837-1838). Syn.:  Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975)

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Aphyllon

Aphyllon Mitch., Diss. Bot. & Zool.: 43 (1769). Syn.: Anoplanthus Endl. (1839), nom. superfl.; Thalesia Raf. ex Britton (1894), nom. superfl.; Anoplanthus sect. Euanoplon Endl., Gen. Pl.: 727 (1839) (Gray, 1876: 584); = Loxanthes Raf. (1825) (Schneider, 2016). Type Name: Orobanche uniflora L. (1753) (Nicolson, 1975: 655, "the type of Aphyllon Mitchell (1769) is Aphyllon uniflorum (Linnaeus) Torrey & Gray ex A. Gray (1848, p. 290), which is based on Orobanche uniflora Linnaeus"; Gray, 1876; Schneider, 2016). Obs. x = 12 (Schneider, 2016; Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 57, 65. 2005; Aphyllon in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden and Aphyllon in CPNWH, accessed Mar 2017)

Aphyllon sect. Aphyllon (Gray, 1876: 584, "True Aphyllon"). Syn.: = Loxanthes Raf. (1825); = Gymnocaulis (Nutt.) Nutt. (1848); = Orobanche sect. Gymnocaulis Nutt. (1818); = Aphyllon sect. Gymnocaulis A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 312 (1878)

Aphyllon sect. Nothaphyllon A. Gray, Bot. California 1: 584 (1876 [May-Jun 1876]). Syn.: Orobanche sect. Nothaphyllon (A. Gray) Heckard (1973); = Myzorrhiza Phil. (1857-58); = Orobanche sect. Myzorrhiza Beck (1890). Type Name: Orobanche californica Cham. & Schltdl. (1828);  Aphyllon californicum (Cham. & Schltdl.) A. Gray (1876), "lectotype designated by Heckard, Madrońo 22: 41 (1973)"

Aphyllon arenosum Suksd. in Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 12: 27 (1906). Syn.: Orobanche multiflora var. arenosa Munz (1931); Orobanche ludoviciana var. arenosa (Suksd.) Cronquist (1959); = Aphyllon ludovicianum (Nutt.) A. Gray (1876). Type: MO 1998126 (isotype)

Aphyllon arizonicum (L.T. Collins) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 112 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche arizonica L.T. Collins (2015). Type: "USA: Arizona, Coconino Co.: near Tuba City, 1539 m, 27 September 1935, Kearney & Peebles 12867 (holotype, ARIZ; isotype, US)"

Aphyllon californicum (Cham. & Schltdl.) A. Gray, Bot. California 1: 584 (1876 [May-Jun 1876]). Syn.:  Orobanche californica Cham. & Schltdl. (1828);  Phelypaea californica (Cham. & Schltdl.) G. Don (1838);  Myzorrhiza californica (Cham. & Schltdl.) Rydb. (1909); = Aphyllon violaceum Eastw. (1900). Type: "USA: California: Near Port of San Francisco, Aug 1816, Chamisso s.n (holotype, LE)" (Colwell & Yatskievych, 2016: 4). Host: Grindelia sp. (Asteraceae) (Colwell & Yatskievych, 2016: 5). Herbarium specimens: WTU V 014820, WTU V 014793, WTU V 004172, PSM 05583. Obs. photos and distribution in Calflora (accessed March 2017); images and distribution in CPNWH (accessed Mar 2017)

Aphyllon californicum subsp. condensum (Heckard) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 112 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche californica subsp. condensa Heckard (1973). Type: "USA: California: San Luis Obispo Co.: Yaro Creek, 25 May 1955, Bacigalupi, Ferris & Robbins 5242 (holotype, JEPS; isotypes, NY, RSA, US, WTU)"

Aphyllon californicum subsp. feudgei (Munz) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 112 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche californica subsp. feudgei (Munz) Heckard (1973); Orobanche grayana var. feudgei Munz (1930). Type: "USA: California: San Bernardino Co.: Baldwin Lake, 2 June 1924, Munz 8177 (holotype, POM)". Host: Artemisia tridentata Nutt. (Asteraceae)

Aphyllon californicum subsp. grande (Heckard) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 112 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche californica subsp. grandis Heckard (1973). Type: "USA: California: Santa Barbara Co.: dunes at Surf, 22 July 1954, H.M. Pollard (holotype, UC; isotype, CAS)". Hosts: Corethrogyne filaginifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt. [Lessingia filaginifolia (Hook. & Arn.) M.A. Lane] and Isocoma menziesii (Hook. & Arn.) G. Nesom var. vernonioides (Nutt.) G. Nesom (Asteraceae) (Colwell & Yatskievych, 2016: 5)

Aphyllon californicum subsp. grayanum (Beck) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 113 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche grayana Beck (1890); Myzorrhiza grayana (Beck) Rydb. (1909). Type: "USA: Oregon: banks of the Columbia River, 1825, Douglas s.n. (lectotype, K)"

Aphyllon californicum subsp. jepsonii (Munz) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 113 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche grayana var. jepsonii Munz (1930); Orobanche californica subsp. jepsonii (Munz) Heckard (1973). Type: "USA: California: Colusa Co.: Princeton, October 1905, H.P. Chandler s.n. (holotype: POM, isotype: UC)"

Aphyllon chilense (Phil.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 113 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Myzorrhiza chilensis Phil. (1858); Orobanche chilensis (Phil.) Beck (1890). Ind. loc.: "In Andibus provinciae Santiago [Santiago de Chile] ct ipse legi et orn. Germain". Ic.: Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: t. 1 f. 6 (1890)

Aphyllon cooperi A. Gray in Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 20: 307 (1885). Syn.:  Orobanche cooperi (A. Gray) A. Heller (1898); Myzorrhiza cooperi (A. Gray) Rydb. (1909); Orobanche ludoviciana var. cooperi (A. Gray) Beck (1890). Type: "Type locality. USA: Arizona: Fort Mojave (lectotype designated by Munz, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 57: 620-21, Cooper s.n. in 1860-61, GH)". Herbarium Specimens: IDS 0044657, P 02985729

Aphyllon cooperi subsp. latilobum (Munz) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 114 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche cooperi subsp. latiloba (Munz) L.T. Collins (2015); Orobanche ludoviciana var. latiloba Munz (1930). Type: "USA: California: Riverside Co.: Colorado Desert, 22 April 1922, Munz & Keck 4960 (holotype: POM, isotype, US)

Aphyllon cooperi subsp. palmeri (Munz) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 114 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche cooperi subsp. palmeri (Munz) L.T. Collins (2015); Orobanche multicaulis var. palmeri Munz (1930). Type: "Mexico, Durango, April-November 1896, Palmer 7 (holotype: GH, isotypes, MO, UC)"

Aphyllon corymbosum (Rydb.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 114 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Myzorrhiza corymbosa Rydb. (1909); Orobanche corymbosa (Rydb.) Ferris (1958). Type: "USA: Reynold’s Creek, 2 July 1892, Isabel Mulford s.n. (holotype, NY; isotype, MO)". Herbarium Specimens: P 04410422, P 04410423, P 04410424, WTU V 016722, ID 124913

Aphyllon corymbosum subsp. mutabile (Heckard) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 114 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche corymbosa subsp. mutabilis Heckard (1978). Type: "USA: Washington: Grant Co.: O’Sullivan Dam, 11 July 1950, S.W. Harris 97 (holotype, WS)"

Aphyllon dugesii S. Watson in Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 18: 132 (1883). Syn.:  Orobanche dugesii (S. Watson) Munz (1931). Type: "Mexico: Gueanajatao, Dugčs s.n. (holotype, GH)". Herbarium Specimens: F 225882 (Neotropical Herbarium Specimens, accessed Apr 2017)

Aphyllon epigalium Colwell & A.C.Schneid. in Madrońo 64(3): 100, f. 1-2, 3 [map] (2017 [31 Aug 2017]). Type: USA: California: Paradise, Elliot Rd, 39.7592 N, 121.5968 W. Leg. K.D. Cox 188 (holotype, JEPS; isotypes, CHSC, SD). Host: Galium bolanderi A. Gray

Aphyllon epigalium Colwell & A.C. Schneid. subsp. notocalifornicum Colwell & A.C. Schneid. in Madrońo 64(3): 103, f. 1-2, 3 [map] (2017 [31 Aug 2017]). Type: USA: California: Riverside County

Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray, Manual (ed. 2): 281 (1848). Syn.:  Orobanche fasciculata Nutt. (1818); Loxanthes fasciculatus (Nutt.) Raf. (1825) Phelypaea fasciculata (Nutt.) Spreng. (1825); Anoplon fasciculatum (Nutt.) G. Don (1837-1838) Anoplanthus fasciculatus (Nutt.) Walp. (1844) Gymnocaulis fasciculata (Nutt.) Nutt. (1848); Thalesia fasciculata (Nutt.) Britton (1894). Ind. loc.: "H. Native in sand alluvial soils aroun Fort Mandan [near Washburn, North Dakota, United States]" (Don, 1837-1838: 633). Type: USA: “Missouri”, ca. 1811, Nuttal s.n., (holotype, PH) (Schneider, 2016). Herbarium specimens: P 02985723, P 02985724, ARIZ 228487, MONT 039667, WWB 019695, KHD 00016005. Ic.: a, Endlicher, Iconogr. Gen. Pl. 6: t. 72 (1839); b, sub O. fasciculata (Wisconsin Herbaria Plant Specimens, WISFLORA: Vascular Plant Species); c, sub O. fasciculata in SEINet Arizona - New Mexico Chapter, accessed Mar 2017. Host: usually on Artemisia species. Obs. Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 60 f. 3 ["Phylogenetic relationships"], 65 (2005)

Aphyllon fasciculatum var. luteum A. Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 2(1): 312 (1878). Syn.: Phelypaea lutea Parry (1874), non Phelypaea lutea Desf. (1798) nec Phelypaea lutea Brunn. (1840). Ind. loc.: "Wyoming [United States], Parry No. 202". Type: YU.065138 (Isotype)

Aphyllon inundatum Suksd. in Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 12: 27 (1906). Syn.: = Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848)

Aphyllon ludovicianum (Nutt.) A. Gray, Bot. California 1: 585 (1876). Syn.:  Orobanche ludoviciana Nutt. (1818);  Phelypaea ludoviciana (Nutt.) Walp. (1844);  Myzorrhiza ludoviciana (Nutt.) Rydb. (1903);  Conopholis ludoviciana (Nutt.) Wood.; = Phelypaea erianthera Engelm. (1867); = Aphyllon arenosum Suksd. (1906); = Orobanche multiflora var. arenosa Munz (1931); = Orobanche ludoviciana var. arenosa (Suksd.) Cronquist (1959). Type: "USA: Fort Mandan, 1810-1811, Nuttall s.n. (holotype, PH)". Herbarium Specimens: WTU V 014822, MONT 039709. Ic.: a, sub O. ludoviciana Nutt. subsp. ludoviciana in Wisconsin Herbaria Plant Specimens - WISFLORA: Vascular Plant Species (accessed Feb 2006); b, sub O. ludoviciana Nutt. in Tropicos.org. - MBG (accessed Sep 2008); c, sub O. ludoviciana in CPNWH (accessed Sep 2014); d, O. ludoviciana in SEINet Arizona - New Mexico Chapter, accessed Mar 2017

Aphyllon minutum Suksd. in Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 18(10): 155 (1900 [Oct 1900]). Syn.:  Thalesia minuta (Suksd.) Rydb. (1909); Orobanche uniflora var. minuta (Suksd.) Beck (1930); = Aphyllon purpureum (A. Heller) Holub (1998)

Aphyllon multiflorum (Nutt) A. Gray, Bot. California 1: 585 (1876 [May-Jun 1876]). Syn.:  Orobanche multiflora Nutt. (1848). Type: "USA: Rio Grande, 1845, Gambel s.n. (neotype designated by White & Holmes, Sida 19: 623, USA: Texas: Jim Wells Co., 19 April 1944, Lundell & Lundell 12809, LL; isoneotype, LL)". Herbarium Specimens: ID 124926; ASU 100820

Aphyllon parishii (Jeps.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 115 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche parishii (Jeps.) Heckard. (1973); Orobanche californica var. parishii Jeps. (1925). Type: "USA: California: San Bernardino Co.: Bear Valley, 1894, S.B. Parish s.n. (holotype, JEPS)". Herbarium Specimens: WTU V 014810, WTU V 014809

Aphyllon parishii subsp. brachylobum (Heckard) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 115 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche parishii subsp. brachyloba Heckard (1973). Type: "USA: California: Ventura Co.: Dutch Harbor, San Nicolas Island, 23 April 1966, Raven & Thompson 20794 (holotype, JEPS; isotypes, MO, RSA, SBBG)". Hosts: Isocoma sp. (Asteraceae), e. g., Isocoma menziesii (Hook. & Arn.) G. Nesom

Aphyllon pinorum (Geyer ex Hook.) A. Gray, Bot. California 1: 585 (1876). Syn.:  Orobanche pinorum Geyer ex Hook. (1851); Phelypaea pinorum (Geyer ex Hook.) A. Gray (1868); Myzorrhiza pinorum Rydb. (1909). Type: "USA: Idaho/Washington border, Geyer 445 (holotype, K [K 000061342])". Herbarium Specimens: SOC 00432, ID 124927

Aphyllon purpureum (A. Heller) Holub in Preslia 70: 100 (1998). Syn.:  Thalesia purpurea A. Heller (1896); Orobanche uniflora var. purpurea (A. Heller) Achey (1933); = Aphyllon minutum Suksd. (1900); = Aphyllon sedi Suksd. (1900); = Thalesia minuta (Suksd.) Rydb. ( 1909); = Orobanche porphyrantha Beck (1930); = Orobanche uniflora subsp. occidentalis (Greene) Abrams ex Ferris (1958); = Aphyllon uniflorum var. occidentale Greene (1894); = Orobanche uniflora var. minuta (Suksd.) Beck  (1930); = Orobanche uniflora f. sedi (Suksd.) Beck (1930). Type: "USA: Idaho: Nez Perce Co.: near mouth of the Potlatch, 20 May 1896, Heller 3099. (no holotype designated; isotypes, CAS, DAO, K, MIN, MO, MSC, NDG, PH, US)." (Schneider, 2016). Herbarium Specimens: WTU V 011620, HPS U014940

Aphyllon riparium (L.T. Collins) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 116 (2016 [9 Dec. 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche riparia L.T. Collins (2009). Type: "USA: Indiana, Gibson Co.: Griffin, 16 August 1931, Deam 50941 (holotype, IND; isotypes, A, F, GH, IND, MINN, WIS)". Ic.: a, O. riparia in SEINet Arizona - New Mexico Chapter, accessed Mar 2017. Herbarium Specimens: ARIZ 164571, ASU 0094353

Aphyllon robbinsii (Heckard ex Colwell & Yatsk.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 116 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche robbinsii Heckard ex Colwell & Yatsk. (2016). Type: "USA: California: San Francisco Co.: Parasitic on Eriophyllum staechadifolium Lag., on small rock slides on ocean cliff near Lands End, just below Lincoln Park, San Francisco; elev. ca. 150 ft, 13 Aug 1956, G. Thomas Robbins 3730 (holotype: JEPS!; isotypes: GH!, JEPS!, NY!, CAS!)" (Colwell & Yatskievych, 2016: 2). Host: Eriophyllum staechadifolium Lag. (Asteraceae)

Aphyllon sedi Suksd. in Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 18(0): 155 (1900 [Oct 1900]). Syn.:  Orobanche uniflora var. sedi (Suksd.) Achey (1933); = Aphyllon purpureum (A. Heller) Holub (1998); = Orobanche uniflora subsp. occidentalis (Greene) Abrams ex Ferris (1958). Type: "Flora of Washington / Skamanta CO. / 2130 Aphyllon Sedi, sp. nov. / On Sedum. / Mossy rocks in woods near Chenowith / W.N. Suksdorf. June 16, 1892" (GH 00071671, isotype)

Aphyllon tacnaense (Mattf.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 116 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche tacnaensis Mattf. (1922). Type: "Syntypes. Peru: Tacna, 1890, Woitschach 71 (photograph of type: F); Peru: Tacna, 1833, F.J.F. Meyen s.n."

Aphyllon tarapacanum (Phil.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 116 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche tarapacana Phil. (1891)

Aphyllon tuberosum (A. Gray) A. Gray, Bot. California 1: 585 (1876). Syn.:  Phelypaea tuberosa A. Gray (1868); = Orobanche bulbosa Beck (1890). Type: "USA: California: Monterey Co: Gavilan Mountains, 1860-1862, Brewer 743 (holotype, GH; isotype K)". Ic.: a, O. bulbosa in SEINet Arizona - New Mexico Chapter, accessed March 2017. Host: Adenostoma fasciculatum Hook. & Arn. (Rosaceae). Herbarium Specimens: UTC 00264595, NCSC 00023633, ARIZ 236137

Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torr. & A. Gray, Manual: 290 (1848). Syn.:  Orobanche uniflora L. (1753); Anoplanthus uniflorus (L.) Endl. (1839); Gymnocaulis uniflora (L.) Nutt. (1848); Thalesia uniflora (L.) Britton (1894); Aphyllon inundatum Suksd. (1906). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Viginia" (Wallroth, 1825: 67, "In Viginia, Clayton. Maj. Tuam cl. Turpin. dedit"). Type: "USA: Virginia (lectotype, Clayton 387, BM)" (Schneider, 2016) (BM 000051200 [The Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project [The Natural History Museum; accessed Nov 2007]). Ic.: a, sub O. uniflora [(Wisconsin Herbaria Plant Specimens) WISFLORA: Vascular Plant Species]. Herbarium Specimens: P 02985705, P 02985711, ID 125049, SRP 016246, ID 125142. Obs. Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 60 f. 3 ["Phylogenetic relationships"], 65 (2005)

Aphyllon uniflorum var. occidentale Greene, Man. Bot. San Francisco: 285 (1894 [2 Feb 1894]). Syn.:  Orobanche uniflora subsp. occidentalis (Greene) Abrams ex Ferris (1958); = Aphyllon purpureum (A. Heller) Holub (1998)

Aphyllon validum (Jeps.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 117 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche valida Jeps. (1929); Orobanche ludoviciana var. valida (Jeps.) Munz (1930). Type: "USA: California: Rock Creek, San Gabriel Mountains, 2 June 1923, F.W. Peirson 7937 (holotype: JEPS, isotype: RSA)". Herbarium Specimens: WTU V 014818

Aphyllon validum subsp. howellii (Heckard & L.T Collins) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 117 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.: Orobanche valida subsp. howellii Heckard & L.T Collins (1982). Type: USA: California: Mendocino Co.: Impassable Rock, 14 July 1951, Donald V. Hemphill s.n. (holotype: UC).

Aphyllon vallicolum (Jeps.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 117 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche comosa var. vallicola Jeps. (1925); Orobanche vallicola (Jeps.) Heckard (1973). Type: "USA: California: Santa Clara Co.: Coyote, 14 October 1914, W.L. Jepson 6196 (holotype: JEPS, isotypes: GH, MO)". Host: Quercus agrifolia Nee (Fagaceae). Herbarium Specimens: WTU V 014814, WTU V 014811

Aphyllon violaceum Eastw. in Zoe 5(4-5): 85[-86] (1900). Syn.:  Aphyllon californicum (Cham. & Schltdl.) A. Gray (1876)

Aphyllon weberbaueri (Mattf.) A.C. Schneid. in PhytoKeys 75: 117 (2016 [9 Dec 2016]). Syn.:  Orobanche weberbaueri Mattf. (1922). Type: "Peru: Camaná: Areuipa, Hafen Chala, 26 November 1915, A. Weberbauer 7185 (isotypes: GH, US)" [US 1496220, US 1495150]

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Boschniakia

Boschniakia C.A. Mey. ex Bong. in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 2: 159 (1832 [Aug 1832]) ["C.A. Meyer mspt."] (Turland & al., 2018: Art. 46.5 Ex. 32) (Walpers 1844: 478, sub Boschniakia C.A. Mey. mss. ex Bong.; Reuter 1847: 39, sub Boschniakia C.A. Mey. mss. ex Bong.; Ledebour 1849: 323, sub Boschniakia C.A. Mey. ex Bong.). Type Name: Boschniakia glabra C.A. Mey. ex Bong. (1833), nom. illeg. [nom. superfl.] (Art. 52, Vienna Code); = Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910). Obs. "Genus in memoriam cl. Boshniak [Named in honour of A.K. Boshnyak]" (Bongard 1832: 159; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 114[140]); Piwowarczyk 2015

Boschniakia sect. Boschniakia. Syn.:  Boschniakia sect. Euboschniakia Beck (1930)

Boschniakia sect. Euboschniakia Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 327 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]), nom. illeg. (Art 21.3 ICN)

Boschniakia sect. Thamnophagus Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 328 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Syn.: = Xylanche Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 58 (1890) (Beck 1930: 329; Yu 2013). Type Name: Boschniakia handelii Beck (1930) [= Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson) Beck (1890)]

Boschniakia glabra C.A. Mey. ex Bong. in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 2: 159 (1832 [Aug 1832]) ["121. Boschniakia glabra C.A. Meyer mspt."] (Turland & al., 2018: Art. 46.5 Ex. 32), nom. illeg. [nom. superfl.] (Art. 52, Vienna Code). Syn.: = Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910)

Boschniakia handelii Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 328[-329] (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Syn.: = Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson) Beck (1890). Ind. loc.: "China [中国]. — Im nordwestlichen Teile der Provin Yünnan [云南]: bei der Stadt Lidjiang (Likiang), vornehmlich auf dem Berge Yülung-schan (Handel-Mazzetti, Iter sinense 1914/18, n. 4148! fruct.), ... n. 7059 ... n. 9531 ... (Handel-Mazzetti n. 9285!)" (Beck 1930: 329). Ic.: a, Beck, 1930: 328 f. 23 h-o. Type: MNHN-P-P02968829 - P 02968829.jpg

Boschniakia handelii f. minor Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 329 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Syn.: = Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson) Beck (1890). Ind. loc.: "China [中国]. — Im nordwestlichen Teile der Provin Yünnan [云南]: auf dem Joche Ulüla ... Cum n. 9265 supra citato (Handel-Mazzetti)"

Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson, Fl. Brit. India 4(11): 327[-328] (1884 [Jan 1884]) ["Hook. f. & Thoms. Herb. Ind. Or."]. Syn.:  Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson) Beck (1890)

Boschniakia hookeri Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 3: 479 (1844) (Reuter 1847: 39, sub B. Hookeri Walp.). Syn.:  Kopsiopsis hookeri (Walp.) Govaerts (1996)

Boschniakia kawakamii Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 4: 19 (1914 [25 Nov 1914]). Syn.:  Xylanche kawakamii (Hayata) Beck (1930); = Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson) Beck (1890)

Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. in B.A. Fedtschenko & A.F. Flerow, Fl. Evropeiskoi Ross. 3: 896, f. 875 (1910). Syn.:  Orobanche rossica Cham. & Schltdl. (1828)

Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) Standl. in Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 8(5): 325 (1931), nom. superfl. Syn.:  Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910)

Boschniakia rossica var. flavida Yue Zhang & J.Y. Ma in Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 23(4): 390 (2003). Syn.: = Boschniakia rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. (1910)

Boschniakia strobilacea A. Gray, Pacif. Railr. Rep. 4(5): 118 (1857) [non Lathraea strobilacea Schlecht. ex Ledeb. (1849)]. Syn.:  Kopsiopsis strobilacea (A. Gray) Beck (1930)

Boschniakia tuberosa (Hook.) Jepson, Man. Fl. Pl. Calif.: 954 (1925 [23 Sep 1925]). Syn.: = Kopsiopsis hookeri (Walp.) Govaerts (1996)

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Boulardia

Boulardia F.W. Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allem.: 103[-104] (Dec 1847-Mar 1848) ["Nomen dedi ... Camillé Boulard"]. Syn.:  Ceratocalyx Coss. (1848), nom. illeg. [pro syn.];  Orobanche subgen. Ceratocalyx Coss. ex Nyman (1854-1855) [nom. nov.] (Art. 55, Vienna Code);  Orobanche subgen. Ceratocalyx (Coss.) Pomel (1874) [comb. superfl.];  Orobanche subgen. Boulardia (F.W. Schultz) A. Pujadas (2007 [Dec 2007]) [comb. superfl.];  Orobanche sect. Boulardia (F.W. Schultz) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 659 (1890). Type Name: Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848). Obs. genus published in "Dec. 1847" (Cosson 1848: 146); view IPNI entry (accessed Jul 2008); Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 111-112 (2008)

Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allem.: 104 (1848 [Dec 1847-Mar 1848]). Syn.:  Ceratocalyx macrolepis Coss. (Mar 1848), pro syn.

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Campbellia

Campbellia Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: 5, t. 1424, 1425 (1850). Syn.:  Christisonia subgen. Campbellia (Wight) Rouy (1909). Type Name: Campbellia aurantiaca (1849)

Campbellia albida Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 2(2): 967 (1876 [May 1876]) ["Christisonia albida, Thw. Pl. Exs. n. 3929"]. Syn.:  Christisonia albida (Benth. & Hook. f.) Thwaites ex Hook. f. (1884)

Campbellia aurantiaca Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: [5] t. 1424 (1849) (TL-2 n. 17.579). Syn.: = Christisonia legocia Beck (1930). Ind. loc.: "Neilgherries [Nilgiri Mountains, South India], in a small clump of jungle by the road side near Nedawuttim"

Campbellia cytinoides (Reut.) Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: [6], t. 1425 (1849) (TL-2 n. 17.579). Syn.: Phelypaea cytinoides Reut. (1847); = Christisonia neilgherrica Gardner (1847)

Campbellia lawii (Wight) Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 2(2): 967 ( 1876 [May 1876]). Syn.:  Christisonia lawii Wight (1849); = Christisonia calcarata Wight (1849) (Nandikar & al., 2013: 28)

Campbellia neilgherrica (Gardner) Panigrahi & G.C. Das, Indian J. Forest. 5(4): 323 (1982). Syn.:  Christisonia neilgherrica Gardner (1847)

Campbellia subacaulis (Benth.) Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 2(2): 967 (1876 [May 1876]). Syn.:  Phelypaea subacaulis Benth. (1835) (Gardner, 1847: 162); Christisonia subacaulis (Benth.) Gardner (1847)

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Catodiacrum

Catodiacrum Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 369 (1867). Syn.: = Orobanche L. (1753)

Catodiacrum cruentum (Bertol.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 371 (1867) [nom. illeg.]. Syn.: = Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798)

Catodiacrum foetidum (Lapeyr.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 371 (1867) [nom. illeg.], non Orobanche foetida Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 195 (1789). Syn.: = Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. (1799)

Catodiacrum incurvum (Benth.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867) [nom. illeg.]. Syn.: = Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798)

Catodiacrum luteum Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867). Syn.: = Orobanche hederae Duby (1828)

Catodiacrum pallidiflorum (Wimm. & Grab.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867). Syn.: = Orobanche reticulata Wallr. (1825)

Catodiacrum rubidum Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Orobanche teucrii Holandre (1829)

Catodiacrum sparsiflorum (Wallr.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867) [nom. illeg.]. Syn.: = Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800)

Catodiacrum variegatum (Wallr.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867). Syn.: = Orobanche variegata Wallr. (1825)

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Ceratocalyx

Ceratocalyx Coss. in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. ser. 3, 9: 145. t. 10. (1848 [Mar 1848]), nom. illeg. [nomen superfluum (Art. 52.1 et 52.2 ICBN)]. Syn.:  Boulardia F.W. Schultz, Arch. Fl. France Allem.: 103[-104] (Dec 1847-Mar 1848). Type Name: Ceratocalyx macrolepis Coss. (Mar 1848) Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848). Obs. view IPNI entry (accessed Jul 2008); Carlón & al., 2008: 111

Ceratocalyx macrolepis Coss. in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. ser. 3, 9: 146[-147, t. 10] (1848 [Mar 1848]), nom. illeg. [pro syn. ("cited as a synonym", see Art. 52.1 et 52.2 ICBN)]. Syn.:  Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848)

Ceratocalyx fimbriata Lange in Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjřbenhavn 1863: 52 (1864). Syn.: = Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848)

Ceratocalyx reuteri Lange Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenhavn 1863: 52 (1864) ["Obs. ... C. Reuteri nob. (Orobanche gamosepala Reut.)"]. Syn.:  Orobanche gamosepala Reut. (1847)

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Chorobanche

Chorobanche C. Presl in Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. ser. 5(3): 521 (1845 [Jul-Dec 1845]) ["Chorobane"] et Bot. Bemerk.: 91 (1846 [Jan-Apr 1846]) (Beck, 1890: 86). Type Name: Chorobanche indica C. Presl [= Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874)]

Chorobanche indica C. Presl in Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. ser. 5(3): 521 (1845 [Jul-Dec 1845]) et Bot. Bemerk. (C. Presl): 91 ([Jan-Apr 1846]). Syn.: Orobanche indica Roxb., Hort. Beng.: 45 (1814), nom. nud.; Orobanche indica Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. (1832), non Orobanche indica Spreng. (1825); Phelypaea indica (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) G. Don (1838); = Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874)

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Christisonia

Christisonia Gardner in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 8: 153 (1847) (Beck 1930: 308). Type Name: Christisonia tricolor (Benth.) Gardner (1847). Obs. Key-India (Benniamin & al., 2012)

Christisonia subgen. Campbellia (Wight) Rouy in Rev. Gen. Bot. 21: 205 (1909). Syn.: Campbellia Wight (1850). Type Name: Campbellia aurantiaca Wight (1849) [= Christisonia bicolor Gardner (1847)]

Christisonia subgen. Christisonia [Gardner in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 8: 153 (1847)]. Type Name: Christisonia tricolor (Benth.) Gardner (1847)

Christisonia sect. Campbellia (Wight) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 315 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]) ["Sect. IV. Campbellia (Wight) G. Beck emend."]. Type Name: Campbellia aurantiaca Wight (1849)

Christisonia sect. Christisonia [Gardner in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 8: 153 (1847)]. Type Name: Christisonia tricolor (Benth.) Gardner (1847)

Christisonia sect. Christisoniopsis Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 314 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]) ["Sect. II Christisoniopsis G. Beck"]

Christisonia sect. Euchristisonia Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 311 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]) ["Sect. I. Euchristisonia G. Beck"], nom. illeg. (Art 21.3 ICN). Syn.: Christisonia sect. Christisonia

Christisonia sect. Heterotheca Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 314 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]) ["Sect. III. Heterotheca G. Beck "]

Christisonia sect. Legocia (Livera) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 317 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]) ["Sect. V. Legocia (Livera) G. Beck"]. Syn.: Legocia Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 154 et 157 (1927 [31 May 1927]).

Christisonia albida (Benth. & Hook. f.) Thwaites ex Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4(11): 323 (1884 [Jan 1884]). Syn.: Campbellia albida Benth. & Hook. f. (1876) ["Christisonia albida, Thw. Pl. Exs. n. 3929"]. Ind. loc.: "Ceylon [Sri Lanka]; near Hankalla, alt. 6000 ft., Thwaites.". Herbarium Specimens: Hanhgalla [Hankalla], 6000 ft., Thwaites 3929 (K 000999899, type)

Christisonia aurantiaca Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: [17] t. 1486 (1849) (TL-2 n. 17.579). Syn.: Cliffordia aurantiaca ( Wight) Livera (1927); = Christisonia bicolor Gardner (1847). Ind. loc.: "Neilgnerries [Nilgiri Mountains, South India], among long grass by the road side leading from Neddawuttum to Goodaloor, also very abundant in the dense jungles surrounding Mr. Ouchterlony's Coffee Plantations.". Herbarium Specimens: Neddawuttum, Neilgnerries, Wight (K 000999895, type)

Christisonia bicolor Gardner in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 8: 160 (1847). Syn.: Cliffordia bicolor ( Gardner) Livera (1927); = Christisonia pallida Gardner (1847) (Hook. f., 1884: 322); = Christisonia aurantiaca Wight (1849) (Hook. f., 1884: 322); = Cliffordia aurantiaca (Wight) Livera (1927). Ind. loc.: "Hab. — On the roots of an Acanthaceous shrub in forests on the Hautane range, in the Central Province, Ceylon [Sri Lanka], at an elevation of about 3,000 feet. Flowers in August.". Ic.: Sankara Rao & al. 2019

Christisonia bicolor var. pallidiflora Thwaites, Enum. PI. Zeyl.: 222 (1864) ["Var. β pallidiflora"]. Syn.: Christisonia pallida Gardner (1847) ( Thwaites, 1864: 222; Trimen, 1885: 241); = Christisonia bicolor Gardner (1847). Ind. loc.: "Hab. In similar situations with the last, Lear, Gardner."

Christisonia bicolor var. pallidiflora Trim. in J. Bot. 23: 241 (1885) [var. pallida (Gardner) Trim.]. Syn.: Christisonia pallida Gardner (1847) (Thwaites, 1864: 222; Trimen, 1885: 241); = Christisonia bicolor Gardner (1847)

Christisonia bicolor var. spectabilis [Thwaites ex] Trim. in J. Bot. 23: 241 (1885) ["C. spectabilis Thw. ms."]. Syn.: Christisonia spectabilis (1885), pro syn.; Cliffordia spectabilis (Thwaites ex Trim.) Livera (1927); = Christisonia bicolor Gardner (1847). Ind. loc.: "Hab. The Knuckles Hill, Kallebokka Vallev, Central Prov. [Sri Lanka], Sept. 1868. (C. P. 3983 in Herb. Perad.)" (Trimen, 1885: 241)

Christisonia calcarata Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: [6] t. 1426 (1849). Syn.: = Christisonia lawii Wight (1849) (Nandikar & al., 2013: 28); = Christisonia stocksii Hook. (1852). Ind. loc.: "Tannah [Thane]. near Bombay [Mumbai]. J.S. Law, Esq.". Ic.: Wight, 1849: t. 1426; photos Sx2-oR21ITk, 83oVoM_pyMs ... in Efloraofindia (accessed Apr 2019). Herbarium Specimens: Typus: India, Bombay (Mumbai) in Herb. Wight, J.S. Law s.n. (K, lectotype– sh. 000821668, designated here)" (Nandikar & al., 2013: 28)

Christisonia flammea Sedgw. in Journ. Ind. Bot. 2: 123 (1921)

Christisonia grandiflora Gardner in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 8: 155 (1847). Syn.: = Christisonia tricolor Gardner (1847) (Thwaites, 1864: 222). Ind. loc.: "Hab. — Parasitic on the root of a large Acanthaceous shrub, on the ascent of Adam's Peak from Ratnapoora [Ratnapura, Sri Lanka], at an elevation of about 5,000 feet."

Christisonia hookeri C.B. Clarke ex Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4(11): 321[-322] (1884 [Jan 1884]). Syn.: ? = Christisonia scortechinii Prain (1904) (Van Der Ent & Wrong, 2015); = Christisonia sinensis Beck (1930) (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998); = Gleadovia lepoense Hu (1939). Ind. loc.: "Sikkim Himalaya [India], in low valleys, and Khasia Mts. [Khasi Hills, Meghalaya, India], alt. 2-4000 ft., J.D.H. &- T.T.". Host.: "parasitic on Yushania [Poaceae]" (Flora of Taiwan (2 ed.) 4: 717). Herbarium Specimens: Hab. Sikkim / alt. 3-4000 ft. Coll J.D.H. (K 000999890, syntype); Hab. Khasia / alt. 2-4000 ft. Coll J.D.H. &- T.T. (K 000999891, syntype)

Christisonia indica Anil Kumar in J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 30(2): 285[-287, f. 1] (2006 [15 Sep 2006]). Ind. loc.: "Idukki Dist. [Kerala, India], Mannavan shola patches and 3rd mile, Onnamkurukku, 1850 m, 1995-10-2, R. Anilkumar 104824, holotype MH" (view IPNI)

Christisonia keralensis Erady in J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 64(1): 10, f. 1-15 (1967 [Apr ? 1967]). Ind. loc.: "Nelliyampathi Hills in the Western Ghats, Kerala State, South India ... about 500 metres ... parasitantes Ficus asperrimae [F. asperrima Roxb. (F. exasperata Vahl), Moraceae] radices", 1960-8-17, N.A. Erady 1117, holotype Govt. College Victoria, Palghat Herb. (view IPNI entry)

Christisonia kwangtungensis (Hu) G.D. Tang, J.F. Liu & W.B. Yu in Syst. Bot. 44(1): 79 (2019). Syn.: Gleadovia kwangtungensis Hu (1939); ? = Christisonia hookeri C.B. Clarke ex Hook. f. (1884) (Hassler 2019). Ind. loc.: China [中国], Guangdong [广东省 / Kwangtung / Canton Province]. Ic.: Tang & al., 2019: 78 f. 4. Herbarium Specimens: "Type: China. Guangdong, foot-hills of Danxia mountain, in bamboo forest. July 24, 1930, S. P. Ko. 50660, (holotype: IBSC, 0004800!)" (Tang & al., 2019)

Christisonia lawii Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: [6] t. 1427 (1849) (TL-2 n. 17.579). Syn.: Campbellia lawii (Wight) Benth. & Hook. fil. (1876); = Christisonia calcarata Wight (1849) (Nandikar & al., 2013: 28). Ind. loc.: "Tannah [Thane], near Bombay [Mumbai], J.S. Law, Esq.". Herbarium Specimens: Thane (Bombay), Law (K 000821672, type); Salsette, Dalzell (K 000821671) (Nandikar & al., 2013: 27)

Christisonia legocia Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 317 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Syn.: = Campbellia aurantiaca Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: [5] t. 1424 (1849); = Legocia aurantiaca (Wight) Livera (1927). Ind. loc.: "Ceylon [Sri Lanka] (nach Livera)". Ic.: Wight, 1849: t. 1424

Christisonia mira J. Mathew in Telopea 18: 425 (2015 [30 Sep 2015]) [epublished]. Ind. loc.: "Type: India, Western Ghats, Kerala, Kollam district, Vellakkaltheri, altitude 1800 m, 9°07'11" N, 77°13'05" E, 9 Jun 2012, Jose Mathew 3076 (holo: MH; iso: TBGT)." (view IPNI entry). Ic.: photos by J. Mathew in keralaplants.blogspot.com/2016/08/ (accessed Apr 2019)

Christisonia neilgherrica Gardner in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 8: 157[-158] (1847). Syn.: Campbellia neilgherrica (Gardner) Panigrahi & G.C. Das; = Phelypaea cytinoides Reut. (1847) (Thwaites, 1864: 222; Hook. f., 1884: 323); = Campbellia cytinoides (Reut.) Wight (1849) (Trimen, 1885: 240); = Cliffordia zeylanica Livera (1927). Ind. loc.: "Hab. — In woods near Pycarrah, on the Neilgherry Mountains [Nilgiri Mountains, South India], Peninsula of India, Dr. Wight.". Herbarium Specimens: Wight (K 000999892, type); "Phelipaea ? / Neilgnerries / Gardner" (K 000999893); Wight (K 000999894, type)

Christisonia pallida Gardner in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 8: 159 (1847). Syn.: = Christisonia bicolor Gardner (1847). Ind. loc.: "Hab. — On the Hunnisgiria [Hunnasgiriya] range, Central Province, Ceylon [Sri Lanka]. Mr. Lear, 1839."

Christisonia rodgeri W.W. Sm. & S.C. Banerji in Rec. Bot. Surv. 6: 30 (1914). Syn.: Aeginetia rodgeri (W.W. Sm. & Banerji) Livera (1927). Ind. loc.: "Burma [Myanmar]:—Ruby Mines Division, Mogok, at an altitude of 2,000 ft.; flowers in July; Rodger No. 159 in Herb. Calc. !"

Christisonia saulierei Dunn in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1914(1): 30 (1914 [23 Feb 1914]). Syn.: Aeginetia saulierei (Dunn) Livera (1927). Ind. loc.: "India. Madras Presidency: Madura District; Kodaikanal [Dindigul district, Tamil Nadu], 2040 m., Sauličre 142". Herbarium Specimens:  "142. ... / India: Madura Distr.; Kodaikanal 6800 ft. / Coll. Rev. A. Sauličre 5 Sept. 1913" (K 000999900, type)

Christisonia scortechinii Prain in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 73(5): 205 (1904 [30 Dec 1904]). Syn.: Aeginetia scortechinii Livera (1927); ? = Christisonia hookeri C.B. Clarke ex Hook. f. (1884) (Van der Ent & Wrong, 2015); = Christisonia sinensis Beck (1930); = Christisonia wightii Elmer (1915) (Barlow, 1982; Parnell & al., 2014; Van Der Ent & Wrong, 2015). Ind. loc.: "Malayan Peninsula: Perak [Malaysia], Scortechini 2121 !". Ic.: Van der Ent & Wrong, 2015: f. 1. Herbarium Specimens: Perak, Scortechini (CAL 0000025048, holotype; K 000899781, isotype) (Van der Ent & Wrong, 2015)

Christisonia siamensis Craib in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1914(1): 129 (1914) (Parnell & al., 2014). Syn.: Aeginetia siamensis (Craib) Livera (1927). Ind. loc.: "Mę Nan, Sop Ngao [Lampang Province, Thailand], in bamboo jungle, 210 m., Kerr 2406". Ic.: Benniamin & al., 2012: 219 f. 2, 220 f. 3. Herbarium Specimens: Me Nan, Kerr 2406 (K 000999901, type (Benniamin & al., 2012)); Thailand, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nakornrajasima (IND 0117054 - 15810540)

Christisonia sinensis Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 314 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]) (Tang & al., 2019). Syn.: ? = Christisonia hookeri C.B. Clarke ex Hook. f. (1884) (Zhang & Tzvelev, 1998; Van der Ent & Wrong, 2015, "C. hookeri sensu Zhang and Tzvelev (1998: 242), non Hooker (1885)"); = Christisonia scortechinii Prain (1904) (Van der Ent & Wrong, 2015). Ind. loc.: "China [中国]: Prov. Yünnan [Yunnan / 云南省], in temperierten Regenwäldern bei Alülaka am Flusse Ludjiang (Salween) unter Tschamutung zwischen Bambusen bei 2850 m Seehöhe im Juli 1916 (Handel-Mazzetti, Iter sinense 1914-1918 n. 9595 in Herb. Wien!)". Ic.:  Tang & al., 2019: 79 f. 5; flickriver 4927639081 et flickriver 4928219216/ in flickriver C. sinensis (accessed Apr 2019). Herbarium Specimens: Yunnan, 2850 m, 31 July 1916, Handel-Mazzetti 9595 (WU 0060576, holotype)

Christisonia spectabilis Thwaites ex Trim. in J. Bot. 23: 241 (1885) ["C. spectabilis Thw. ms."], pro syn. Syn.: Cliffordia spectabilis (Thwaites ex Trim.) Livera (1927); = Christisonia bicolor Gardner (1847)

Christisonia stocksii Hook., Icon. Pl. 9: t. 836 (1851 [1852 publ. Apr-Dec 1851]). Syn.: = Christisonia calcarata Wight (1849) (Nandikar & al., 2013: 26). Ind. loc.: "Hab. Scinde [Sindh, Pakistan]; parasitic on the roots of Strobilanthes [Acanthaceae] during the rains. Dr. Stocks. Salsette [Maharashtra, India]; parasitic on the roots of Strobilanthes, N.A. Dalzell, Esq.". Herbarium Specimens: Salsette, Dalzell (K 000821671) (Nandikar & al., 2013: 27)

Christisonia subacaulis (Benth.) Gardner in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 8: 162 (1847). Syn.: Phelypaea subacaulis Benth. (1835) (Gardner, 1847: 162); Orobanche subacaulis Benth. ex Walp. (1852), pro syn. (Gardner, 1847: 162); Campbellia subacaulis (Benth.) Benth. & Hook. f. (1876); Aeginetia subacaulis (Benth.) Livera (1927). Ind. loc.: "Hab. — "In Peninsula [Indian subcontinent]? In Herb. Madr. cum AEginetia abbreviata miscitur." Benth. l.c." (Gardner, 1847: 162); "In Peninsulâ Indiae orientales" (Reuter, 1847: 11). Ic.:  Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4(3): t. 1424 (1849). Herbarium Specimens: "595/1835 Courtallam [Tamil Nadu, India] Phelipaea subacaulis [Leg. R. Wight]" (K 000999885)

Christisonia thwaitesii Trim. in J. Bot. 23: 240 (1885) ["Christisonia (Oligopholis) Thwaitesii Trim."]. Syn.: Christisonia unicolor sensu Thw., Enum. PI. Zeyl.: 222 (1864) [pro max. part.], ? Christisonia unicolor Gardner (1847) (Trimen, 1885: 240); Christisonia neilgherrica sensu Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4(11): 322 [pro parte], non Christisonia neilgherrica Gardner (1847) (Trimen, 1885: 240). Ind. loc.: "Hab. Palagalla [Sri Lanka], Oct. 1853. (C.P. 2971 in Herb. Perad.)" (Trimen, 1885: 240)

Christisonia tomentosa J. Mathew & Kad.V. George in Webbia 70(2): 227 (2015 [11 Sep 2015]) [epublished]. "southern Western Ghats, Kollam district [Kerala, India], Vellakkaltheri, 1800 m, 9° 13' 10" N 77° 9' 16" E, 2012-6-9, Jose Mathew 3081, holotype MH isotype TBGT" (view IPNI entry)

Christisonia tricolor Gardner in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 8: 156 (1847). Syn.: = Christisonia grandiflora Gardner (1847) (Thwaites, 1864: 222). Ind. loc.: "Hab. — Parasitical on the roots of Acanthaceous shrubs in forests on the Hautane and Rambodde ranges, Ceylon [Sri Lanka], at an elevation of from 3 to 4000 feet. Flowers in June to August". Herbarium Specimens: "641 / Ceylon / Gardner" (K 000999897, type); "Ceylon / Mrs. Walker" (K 000999898)

Christisonia tricolor var. grandiflora (Gardner) Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4(11): 323 (1884 [Jan 1884]). Syn.: Christisonia grandiflora Gardner (1847); = Christisonia tricolor Gardner (1847). Obs. "C. grandiflora, Gardn. l.c. 155; Thwaites I.c. 221. Ceylon; Adam's Peak, alt. 5000 ft., Gardner."

Christisonia tubulosa (Wight) Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4(11): 321 (1884 [Jan 1884]). Syn.: Oligopholis tubulosa Wight (1849). Ind. loc.: "Courtallum [Courtallam, Western Ghats, Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu, India], parasitic on roots of Bamboos? flowering September." (Wight, 1850: 5); "South Deccan; Kurg and Courtallam, Wight" (Hook. f., 1884: 321). Ic.: Wight, 1849: t. 1422; Sankara Rao & al. 2019; photos HtbhWiD4cI0 in Efloraofindia (accessed Apr 2019); India Biodiversity 229186 (accessed Apr 2019). Herbarium Specimens: Wight (K 000999886, type)

Christisonia unicolor Gardner in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 8: 161 (1847). Syn.: Cliffordia unicolor (Gardner) Livera (1927); ? = Campbellia cytinoides (Reut.) Wight (1849) (Thwaites, 1864: 222; Hook. f., 1884: 323). Ind. loc.: "Hab. — Hunnisgiria [Hunnasgiriya] range, Central Province, Ceylon [Sri Lanka]. Mr. Lear, 1839."

Christisonia wightii Elmer in Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 8: 2793 (1915). Syn.: = Christisonia scortechinii Prain (1904) (Van der Ent & Wrong, 2015). Ind. loc.: "Type specimen number 9510, A.D.E. Elmer, Dumaguete (Cuernos Mts.), Province of Negros Oriental [Central Visayas, Philippines], Negros, March, 1908. ... Collected in rich damp ground among the tussocks of Amomum fusiforme Ridl. [Zingiberaceae] ... at 1750 feet". Host: "parasite of sugarcane [Saccharum sp. (Gramineae)]" (Quisumbing, 1940). Herbarium Specimens: "(holotype PNH, not found, probably destroyed)" (Van Der Ent & Wrong, 2015)

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Cistanche

Cistanche Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Portug. 1: 318, t. 63 (1813). Syn.: Orobanche subgen. Cistanche (Hoffmanns. & Link) Schmalh. (1897); Phelypaea sect. Cistanche (Hoffmanns. & Link) Walp. (1844); Phelypaea sect. Cistanche (Hoffmanns. & Link) Reut. (1847); Phelypaea sect. Cistanche (Hoffmanns. & Link) Ledeb. (1849); Phelypaea sect. Cistanche (Hoffmanns. & Link) Willk. (1870); = Orobanche sect. Haemodoron Wallr. (1825). Type Name: Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) [ Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz (1973)] (Tzvelev, 1981: 318[435]). Obs. Carlón & al., 2005: 57

Cistanche sect. Cistanche. Syn.: = Cistanche sect. Eucistanche Beck (1890), nom. illeg.

Cistanche sect. Cistanchiella Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: [27,] 40 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Type Name: Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. (1888)

Cistanche sect. Cistanchopsis Beck in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 12 (1895). Syn.: = Cistanche sect. Heterocalyx Beck (1890). Dignosis: "Sect. II. Cistanchopsis. G. Beck. Kelch rückwärts tiefer gespalten, mit 4 Zipfeln, von denen die vorderen breiter und stumpf, die hinteren schmäler und oft spitz. — 1i Art, C. fissa (C.A. Mey.) G. Beck, mit behaarten Kelchen und Blumen, im Kaukasus."

Cistanche sect. Eucistanche Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 57 (1890), nom. illeg. [et in Engler u. Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4 (3b): 129 (1895); et Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 27 (1930)] (ICN, Art. 21.3). Syn.: = Cistanche sect. Cistanche

Cistanche sect. Heterocalyx Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 57 (1890) [et Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: [27,] 38 (1930)]. Syn.: = Cistanche sect. Cistanchopsis Beck (1895). Type Name: Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895). Dignosis: "während bei der zweiten Reihe (Sect. Heterocalyx) ein rückwärts tiefer eingeschnittener viertheiliger Kelch angetroffen wird, dessen vordere Lappen breit und stumpf sind, während die 2 hinteren schmäleren Zähne spitz zulaufen, ein Fall der bei keiner Orobancheart sich vorfindet"

Cistanche sect. Salsae Kravtsova in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. Budantsev): 36 (1993). Syn.: = Cistanche sect. Eucistanche Beck (1890), p.p. Type Name: Phelypaea salsa C.A. Mey. (1830); Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895)

Cistanche sect. Subcistanche Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: [27,] 38 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]) [Z.Y. Zhang in Bull. Bot. Res. 4(4): 113 (1984)]. Type Name: Cistanche sinensis Beck (1930)

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Cistanche allochroa Chiov., Res. Sci. Somalia Ital. 1: 131 (1916). Syn.: = Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896)

Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930). Syn.: Phelypaea ambigua Bunge (1851); = Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) (Piwowarczyk & al., 2019: 14); ≠ Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895) (Beck, 1930: 40)

Cistanche armena (K. Koch) M.V. Agab. in Fl. Medit. 23: 135 (2013). Syn.: Phelypaea armena K. Koch (1844)

Cistanche brunneri (Webb) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 35 (1930). Syn.: ? = Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche calotropidis (Edgew.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 34 (1930). Syn.: = Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896)

Cistanche calotropidis var. tomentosa (Hook. f.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 34 (1930). Syn.: = Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896)

Cistanche carnosa Pax in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 651 (1907). Syn.: = Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896)

Cistanche compacta (Viv.) Bég. & Vacc., Sp. Nuove Fl. Libia: 2 (1912). Syn.: ? = Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche christisonioides Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 36 (1930). Ind. loc.: "Ost-Indien [Pakistan]: Im Punjab [Pănjáb] bei Lahóre, im März 1857 (Schlagintweit n. 10485 im Herb. München, Wien  [W]!)". Type: M 0185673

Cistanche deserticola Ma in Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae 1960(1): 63 (1960). Syn.: Cistanche deserticola Ma (1977)

Cistanche eremodoxa Bornm. in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 336 (1936) (Piwowarczyk & al., 2019: 14). Syn.: Cistanche ambigua (Bunge) Beck (1930)

Cistanche feddeana K.S. Hao in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 222 (1934 [5 Nov 1934]). Syn.: ? = Orobanche cumana Wallr. (1825); ? = Orobanche hansii A. Kern. (1870). Ind. loc.: "China: Prov. Szechuan [Sichuan], in den Wäldern, bei der Stadt Chaohua Hsien, um 450 m ü. M., mit Früchten und Blüten, gesammelt von K.S. Hao no. 282, 25.V.1930" (Gbif 3730687). Holotype: PE 00032936

Cistanche feddeana auct. non Cistanche feddeana K.S. Hao in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 222 (1934 [5 Nov 1934]) Syn.: Cistanche lanzhouensis Zhi Y. Zhang (1984) [Grubov, Key Vas. Pl. Mongol.: 228, t. 121, f. 548 (1982)]; Cistanche sinensis Beck (1930)

Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 129 (1895). Syn.:  Phelypaea fissa C.A. Mey. (1831)

Cistanche fissa var. barbata Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 40 (1930). Syn.: = Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895)

Cistanche flava (C.A. Mey.) Korsh. in Zap. Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd.: 5 (1896). Syn.:  Phelypaea flava C.A. Mey. in Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831 [Nov-Dec 1831]); Cistanche tubulosa var. flava (C.A. Mey.) Beck in Bull. Herb. Boissier 2(4): 686 (1904) (Beck, 1930: 33); ? = Phelypaea gigantea Kar. in Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Mosc. 1839(2): 165 [no. 638] (1839), nom. nud. (Ledebour, 1849: 314, sub P. flava; Beck, 1930: 33, sub C. tubulosa var. flava); ? = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884) (Beck, 1930: 33; Schlauer & al., 2002). Ind. loc.: "Described from Azerbaidzhan [Azerbaijan] (between Baku and Salyans [Saljanami / Sallian])". Type in LE (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 24[22]). Herbarium Specimens: "Herb. Acad. Petrop. / N. 899 / Phelipaea flava C.A. M. / Fl. Caucas. legit C.A. Meyer 1829. 1830. // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02970920, type); "6499 ... Turcomania, in arenis mobillibus prope st. v. f. Repetek [Turkmenistan, Lebap Province]. Leg. A. Vvedensky, det. Z. Filimonova. 1927.IV.25" (PE 01542440, MW 0877615 et MW 0877616); "5592 ... 1913.IV.18" (PE 01542441)

Cistanche flava subsp. bicolor Saeidi & Shahi in Iranian J. Bot. 14(2): 96, f. 1 (2008 [Dec 2008]). Syn.: ? = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884) (Schlauer & al., 2002). Ind. loc.: "Type:. Iran, Semnan, Touran protected area, 3 km from Chah-jam to Toroud, 1100 m, 1978.4.23, Freitag & Mozaffarian 28437 (holo. TARI)"

Cistanche franciscana Sennen & Mauricio, Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 87 (1934), nom. nud. Syn.: = Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche hesperugo (Webb) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 35 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Syn.: ? = Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche hybrida Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 31 (1930). Syn.: = Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche jodostoma Butkov & Vved., Fl. Uzbekist. 5: 508, 640 (1961). Syn.: = Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895)

Cistanche lanzhouensis Zhi Y. Zhang in Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin. 4(4): 114 (1984). Syn.: = Cistanche ningxiaensis D.Z. Ma & J.A. Duan (1993)

Cistanche laxiflora Aitch. & Hemsl. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 3(1): 94, t. 40 (1888 [1888-94 publ. Apr 1888]). Ind. loc.: "Hari-rud valley [Herat Province, Afghanistan]: 1093 (in part), April and May 1885". Type: K 000449427

Cistanche lusitanica (Coss.) J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 190 (1904), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. (1913)

Cistanche lusitanica var. grandiflora Freyn in Porta et Rigo, Exsicc. Hisp. (Beck, 1930: 31, "Iter Hisp. II (1890) n. 283! et III (1891) n. 236!"), nom. inv. Syn.: = Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche lusitanica var. grandiflora Freyn ex Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 31 (1930) ["in Porta et Rigo, Exsicc. Hisp." (Beck, 1930: 31, "Iter Hisp. II (1890) n. 283! et III (1891) n. 236!")], pro syn. Syn.: = Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Portug. 1: 319 (1813). Syn.:  Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz (1973)

Cistanche lutea sensu Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Portug. 1: 319[-320] t. 63 (1813), non Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) nec Phelypaea lutea Desf. (1798). Syn.: = Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. (1913)

Cistanche lutea sensu Wight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 2: 180, t. 158b, f. 4 (1850), non Phelypaea lutea Desf. (1798) nec Cistanche lutea sensu Hoffmanns. & Link (1813). Syn.: = Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896) (IPNI, accessed Nov 2008)

Cistanche lutea subsp. compacta (Viv.) Bég. & Vacc., Contr. Fl. Libia: 59 (1912). Syn.: ? = Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche lutea var. violaceoides Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Piwow. in Phyton (Horn, Austria) 57(1-2): 27 (2018). Syn.: = Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche mauritanica (Coss. & Durieu) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 37 (1930). Syn.:  Phelypaea mauritanica Coss. & Durieu (1857)

Cistanche mongolica Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 34 (1930) (CVH [FRPS 69: 89]). Syn.: ? = Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 24[22])

Cistanche ningxiaensis D.Z. Ma & J.A. Duan in Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 13(1): 75 (1993). Syn.: = Cistanche lanzhouensis Zhi Y. Zhang (1984)

Cistanche persica Ataei [in sched.]. Syn.: = Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. (1888)

Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout., Fl. Portugal: 571 (1913). Syn.:  Lathraea phelypaea L. (1753)

Cistanche phelypaea subsp. lutea (Desf.) Fern. Casas & M. Laínz in Anuário Soc. Brot. 39: 130 (1973). Syn.:  Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche ridgewayana Aitch. & Hemsl. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 3(1): 93[-94], t. 39 (1888). Syn.: Cistanche salsa auct., non Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895)

Cistanche rosea Baker ex Hook., Icon. Pl. 4(ser. 4, part 3): t. 2363 (1895). Syn.:  Cistanche rosea Baker (1894), nom. nud.

Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 129 (1895). Syn.:  Phelypaea salsa C.A. Mey. (1830)

Cistanche senegalensis (Reut.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 33 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Syn.: ? = Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche sinensis Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 38 (1930). Syn.: Cistanche feddeana auct. saltem p.p., non Cistanche feddeana K.S. Hao in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 222 (1934)

Cistanche sintenisii Beck ex Bornm. in Bull. Herb. Boissier Ser. 2(4): 686 (1904). Syn.: = Cistanche fissa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895)

Cistanche speciosa Butkov in Fl. Uzbekist. 5: 509, 641 (1961). Syn.: = Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895)

Cistanche stenostachya Butkov in Fl. Uzbekist. 5: 508, 641 (1961). Syn.: = Cistanche salsa (C.A. Mey.) Beck (1895)

Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 43: 327 no. 336 (1896). Syn.: = Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f. (1884)

Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Beck in Bull. Herb. Boissier ser. 2, 4: 685 (1904). Syn.: = Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896)

Cistanche tinctoria f. lusitanica (Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 31 (1930), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout. (1913)

Cistanche tinctoria f. lutea (Desf.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 31 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Syn.: = Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche tinctoria f. major ([Durieu ex.] Reut.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 31 (1930). Syn.: = Cistanche lutea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche tinctoria × violacea Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 31 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Syn.: = Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Cistanche trivalvis (Trautv.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 37 (1930). Syn.: Phelypaea trivalvis Trautv. (1877)

Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 324 (1885). Syn.: = Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896)

Cistanche tubulosa Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: 4, t. 1420 bis (1850), non Phelypaea tubulosa Schenk, Pl. Spec. Schubert: 23 (1840). Syn.: = Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896)

Cistanche tubulosa var. albiflora (Gilli) Hadidy in Boulos, Fl. Egypt Checklist 141 (1995). Syn.: = Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896)

Cistanche tubulosa var. flava (C.A. Mey.) Beck in Bull. Herb. Boissier 2(4): 686 (1904) (Beck, 1930: 33). Syn.:  Cistanche flava (C.A. Mey.) Korsh. (1896)

Cistanche tubulosa var. tomentosa Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4(11): 324 (1884). Syn.: = Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896)

Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Pontug. 1: 320 (1813). Syn.:  Phelypaea violacea Desf. (1798)

Cistanche violacea f. bicolor Pamp. in Arch. Bot. XII(1): 43 (1936). Syn.: = Cistanche violacea (Desf.) Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

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Clandestina

Clandestina Hill, Brit. Herb.: 128 (1756). Type Name: Clandestina purpurea Hill (1756) [= Lathraea clandestina L. (1753)]

Clandestina Tourn. ex Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 207 (1763)

Clandestina clandestina Huth in Helios 11: 134 (1893), nom. illeg. Syn.: Lathraea clandestina L. (1753)

Clandestina japonica Miq. in Verslagen Meded. Afd. Natuurk. Kon. Akad. Wetensch. ser. 2(2): 85 (1868). Syn.: Lathraea japonica Miq. (1867)

Clandestina penduliflora Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 329 (1778 [after 21 Mar 1779]). Syn.: Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

Clandestina purpurea Hill, Brit. Herb.: 128 (1756). Syn.: = Lathraea clandestina L. (1753)

Clandestina rectiflora Lam., Fl. Franç. 2: 328 (1778 [after 21 March 1779]). Syn.: Lathraea clandestina L. (1753)

Clandestina squamaria (L.) Legrand, Fl. Anal. Berry: 197 (1887). Syn.: Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

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Cliffordia

Cliffordia Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 157 (1927 [31 May 1927]). Type Name: Cliffordia zeylanica Livera (1927) [= Christisonia neilgherrica Gardner (1847)]

Cliffordia aurantiaca (Wight) Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 157 (1927 [31 May 1927]). Syn.: = Christisonia bicolor Gardner (1847)

Cliffordia bicolor (Gardner) Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 157 (1927 [31 May 1927]). Syn.: = Christisonia bicolor Gardner (1847)

Cliffordia spectabilis (Thwaites ex Trim.) Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 157 (1927 [31 May 1927]). Syn.: = Christisonia bicolor Gardner (1847)

Cliffordia unicolor (Gardner) Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 157 (1927 [31 May 1927]). Syn.: Christisonia unicolor Gardner (1847)

Cliffordia zeylanica Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 157 (1927 [31 May 1927]) (view IPNI entry). Syn.: = Christisonia neilgherrica Gardner (1847). Ind. loc.: Zeylan [Sri Lanka]

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Conopholis

Conopholis Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 78 (1825). Type Name: Orobanche americana L. (1767);  Conopholis americana (L.) Wallr. (1825) (Haynes, 1971; Rodrigues & al., 2013; Conopholis in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, accessed Mar 2017)

Conopholis alpina Liebm., Förh. Skand. Naturf. Möte 1844: 184[-185] (1847). Syn.: = Conopholis panamensis Woodson (1938); = Conopholis sylvatica Liebm. (1847). Lectotype: "México. Puebla: In rupibus Tepeyecuapa pr. Chinaulta ad radices Pinorum. Alt. 8600 ft. Liebmann 3719. March 1841 (C). Isotype: F. In the original description Liebmann referred to two collections. He did not designate either one as the type; therefore. I am herein designating one as the lectotype. Figure 7." (Haynes, 1971: 254). Ic.: a, Haynes, 1971: 258 f. 2; b, Gómez & al., 2000: 167 f. 28. Herbarium Specimens: ASU 0078673 (Rodrigues & al., 2013; C. alpina in Herbario Virtual Austral Americano, accessed Mar 2017). Distribution: Haynes, 1971: 261 f. 5; distribution [USDA (accessed Oct 2008)]

Conopholis alpina var. mexicana (A. Gray ex S. Watson) R.R. Haynes in Sida 3: 347 (1969). Syn.:  Conopholis mexicana A. Gray ex S. Watson (1882-83); = Conopholis alpina Liebm. (1847) (Gómez & al., 2000: 166); Conopholis americana sensu Endl. (1839), non Wallr. (1825). Holotype: México. Coahuila: Sierra Madre, 40 miles south of Saltillo. Palmer 996, March 1880 (GH). Isotypes: F, NY, PH, US, VT. Figure 8" (Haynes, 1971: 255). Ic.: a, C. americana sensu Endlicher, Iconogr. Gen. Pl. 6: t. 81 (1839) ["anthers sparingly pilose"]; b, C. americana sensu A. Britton & Brown, Ill. Fl. N.U.S. (ed. 2): 235 f. 3881 (1913) ["anthers sparingly pilose"]; c, Haynes, 1971: 259 f. 3; d, photo by G.A. Cooper [USDA (accessed Oct 2008)]. Herbarium Specimens: K 000533800 -  Palmer 996 (isotype), K 000533797-800, ASU 0078667, ASU 0078668, P 02985731, P 02985732, P02985718. Distribution: Haynes, 1971: 261 f. 5; Distribution and synonyms [USDA (accessed Oct 2008)]

Conopholis americana (L.) Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 78[-79] (1825). Syn.:  Orobanche americana L. (1767) (Tropicos 50127274 in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, accessed Mar 2017). Ind. loc.: "In Carolina ad arborum et fruticum radices (Garden)" (Wallroth, 1825: 78). Holotype: U.S.A. "Carolina": Garden (Linn. Herb. 798.5) (LINN). Figure 6". Ic.: a, Haynes, 1971: 257 f. 1; b, photo by T.G. Barnes 2004 [USDA (accessed Oct 2008)]. Herbarium Specimens: v 0299949 WIS ["anthers glabrous"], NY 01283749 ["anthers glabrous"], ASU 0078671. Distribution: Haynes, 1971: 260 f. 4; distribution and images [USDA (accessed Oct 2008)]

Conopholis americana sensu Endl., Iconogr. Gen. Pl. 6: t. 81 (1839), non Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 78[-79] (1825). Syn.:  Conopholis alpina var. mexicana (A. Gray ex S. Watson) R.R. Haynes (1969)

Conopholis ludoviciana (Nutt.) Wood. Syn.:  Aphyllon ludovicianum (Nutt.) A. Gray (1876)

Conopholis mexicana A. Gray ex S. Watson in Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 18: 131 (1882-83). Syn.:  Conopholis alpina var. mexicana (A. Gray ex S. Watson) R.R. Haynes (1969)

Conopholis panamensis Woodson in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 25: 835, f. 2 (1938) (Rodrigues & al., 2013). Syn.: ? = Conopholis alpina Liebm. (1847) (Haynes, 1971: 254-255; Gómez & al., 2000: 166). Type: "Chiriqui: trail from Bambito to Cerro Punta, alt. 1400-2300 m., April 6, 1937, P. 77. Allen 305 (Herb. Missouri Bot. Garden, type); on hillside, valley of the upper Eio Chiriqui Viejo, vicinity of Monte Lirio, alt. 1300-1900 m., June 27-July 13, 1935, R.J. Seihert 298 (Herb. Missouri Bot. Garden, co-type)". Herbarium Specimens: US 1822529 - Allen 305

Conopholis sylvatica Liebm. in Förh. Skand. Naturf. Möte 1844: 185[-186] (1847). Syn.: = Conopholis alpina Liebm. (1847) (Haynes, 1971: 254-255; Gómez & al., 2000: 166)

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Diphelypaea

Diphelypaea Nicolson in Taxon, 24(5-6): 654 (1975), nom. nov. Type Name: Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975). Obs. "Diphelypaea Nicolson, nom. nov. is a substitute name for Phelypaea Linnaeus (1758, p. 237 ["Opera Varia" p. 653]), non Phaelypea Browne (1756, p. 269) ... The specific name, Phaelypea erecta Browne, is not validly published under Article 23 (3) because Browne (1756) did not consistently use the Linnaean system of binomial nomenclature ... The Code does not require that the type of a genus have a valid name at the time of publication of the genus" (Nicolson, 1975); "replaced synonym: Phelypaea L., Op. Var. 237 (1758); vide Dandy, Ind. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 1753-74 (Regn. Veg. li.) 7 (1967)" (view Kew Record reference, accessed Feb 2008; Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 57. 2005; vide Phelypaea)

Diphelypaea boissieri (Reut.) Nicolson in Taxon, 24 (5-6): 654 (1975). Syn.:  Anoplanthus biebersteinii var. boissieri Reut. (1847)

Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson in Taxon, 24 (5-6): 654 (1975). Syn.:  Orobanche coccinea M. Bieb. (1798)

Diphelypaea coccinea var. boissieri (Reut.) Uhlich in Kochia 9: 83 (2015). Syn.: Diphelypaea boissieri (Reut.) Nicolson

Diphelypaea helenae (Popl.) Tzvelev in Fedorov, Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 5: 319 (1981). Syn.:  Phelypaea helenae Popl. (1928); = Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson in Taxon, 24(5-6): 654 (1975). Syn.:  Phelypaea tournefortii Desf. (1807)

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Epifagus [Epiphejus (orthographic variant [Walpers, 1844: 457])]

Epifagus Nutt., Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 60[-61] (1818 [14 Jul 1818 [Orobanch.]). Syn.: = Leptamnium Raf. (1818), nom. inval. (nom. nud.); = Mylanche Wallr. (1825) (vide Epifagus Nutt. in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden (accessed Mar 2017). Type Name: E. americana Nutt., nom. illeg. (Orobanche virginiana L., Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton) (ICBN - Vienna Code, July 2005 Appendix III Nomina familiarum bryophytorum et spermatophytorum conservanda, E. Spermatophyta, E3. Dicotyledones; accessed Nov 2007; Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 57. 2005)

Epifagus americana Nutt., Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 60 (1818 [14 Jul 1818]), nom. illeg. [nom. superfl.]. Syn.: = Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton (1818)

Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton, Comp. Fl. Philadelph. 2: 50 (1818 [Aug 1818]). Syn.:  Orobanche virginiana L. (1753); Leptamnium virginianum (L). Raf. (1818); Mylanche virginiana (L.) Wallr. (1825). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Virginia". Host: Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. Herbarium Specimens: lectotype: BM 000051684 [The Natural History Museum]; O. virginiana in Linnean herbarium (S-LINN). Ic.: a, Endlicher, Iconogr. Gen. Pl. 6: t. 80, sub E. americana Nutt. (1839); b, sub Epifagus virginiana [(Wisconsin Herbaria Plant Specimens) WISFLORA: Vascular Plant Species (accessed Feb 2006)]. Obs. see O. virginiana in The Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project (The Natural History Museum, accessed Nov 2007)

Epifagus virginiana var. rauana Austin in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 6(12): 65 (1875 [Dec? 1875]). Ind. loc.: "On the roots of the Beech, on the east side of High Peak, Catskill Mountains, Sept. 9th, 1875, about a hundred plants, more or Iess. ... Rau and Austin"

Epifagus virginiana f. atropurpurea Pease in Rhodora 54: 140 (1952). Ind. loc.: "Maine, Bickford Trail, Stow, 30 Aug, 1951 (Pease); New Hampshire, Randolph, 8 Sept, 1920 (Pease 18087, type) in N.E.B.C."

Epifagus virginiana f. pallida Weath. in Rhodora 36: 59 (1934). Ind. loc.: "Old beech and maple woods, Stratton, Vermont, Una F. and C.A. Weatherby, Sept 3, 1933 (Type, in Gray Herb.)"

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Gleadovia

Gleadovia Gamble & Prain in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 69(4): 488 (1901 [1900 publ. 22 Jan 1901]) (IPNI). Type Name: Gleadovia ruborum Gamble & Prain (1901)

Gleadovia banerjiana Deb in J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 54(3): 799[-800], f. A-F (1957). Ind. loc.: "Manipur [India], Koupru Hill [Koubru Peak], 6,000 ft., total parasite on the roots of Strohilanthes discolor (Nees) T. Anders. [Acanthaceae]; flowers white tinged with rose or light yellow, D.B. Deb no. 2247 A (Flora of Manipur) IIth April, 1954". Herbarium Specimens: "The type specimen [holotype CAL 329964 (Roy 2017; Odyuo & al. 2017: 278)] has been presented to the Herbarium, Indian Botanic Garden, Calcutta. Cotypes [paratypes] have been presented to the Departments of Botany, Dhanamanjari College, Imphal, Manipur, and Maharaja Bir Bikram College, Agartala, Tripura.

Gleadovia kokonorica Keng f. in Sunyatsenia 7(1): 3, t. 1 (1948). Syn.: = Mannagettaea hummeli Harry Sm. (1933)

Gleadovia konyakianorum N. Odyuo, D.K. Roy & Aver. in Phytotaxa 326(4): 274[-278] f. 1, 2 (2017). Ind. loc.: "Type:—India, Nagaland, Mon district, Tobu town subdivision, Pessao village, 1500-1600 m, 26°12'45.7''N 94°55'29.9''E, N. Odyuo & D.K. Roy 139053, 20 April 2017 (holotype, ASSAM!, Isotype: CAL!).". Host: Strohilanthes sp. [Acanthaceae]. Obs. Odyuo & al. 2017: 277, "Morphological differences between G. konyakianorum, G. banerjiana, G. mupinense and G. ruborum" and key

Gleadovia kwangtungensis Hu in Sunyatsenia 4(1-2): 7[-9], t. 1 (1939). Syn.:  Christisonia kwangtungensis (Hu) G.D. Tang (2019)

Gleadovia lepoense Hu in Sunyatsenia 4(1-2): 6[-7], t. 3 (1939). Syn.: = Christisonia hookeri C.B. Clarke ex Hook. f. (1884)

Gleadovia mupinense Hu in Sunyatsenia 4(1-2): 2[-4], t. 1 (1939). Ind. loc.: "China [中国]: Sichuan [四川省]. Roadsides, forests, humid places; 3000-3500 m a.s.l., 6 July 1933, T.T. Yu 2189 -PE 1643589! - PE 00032337 (lectotype) (Roy 2017; Odyuo & al. 2017: 278). Ic: FRPS 69: t. 24, f. 8-11. Herbarium Specimens: CVH 69684

Gleadovia ruborum Gamble & Prain in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 69(4): 489 (1901 [1900 publ. 22 Jan 1901]). Syn.:   Christisonia ruborum Gamble [in sched.]; = Gleadovia yunnanense Hu (1939). Ind. loc.: "N.W. Himalaya: — Bodyar Jaunsar, 8-9,000 ft.; on the northern slopes in very shady woods of Fir and Deodar on roots of wild Raspberry (Rubus niveus [Rosaceae]); very scarce, Gleadow ! Gamble ! Duthie ! Duthie's Collectors !". Ic: FRPS 69: t. 24, f. 1-7; kun.ac.cn 13981. Herbarium Specimens: K 000999865! (June 1898, Gamble 26949, type), K 000999866! (June 1898, Gamble 26949, type), CAL 329959! (Roy 2017; Odyuo & al. 2017: 278); JIU 10658

Gleadovia yunnanense Hu in Sunyatsenia 4(1-2): 4[-6], t. 2 (1939). Syn.: = Gleadovia ruborum Gamble & Prain (1901). Herbarium Specimens: China [Yunnan / 云南], Wei-si Hsien, 3500 m, Jun-35 C.W. Wang 63989 (HUH A00072036, type)

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Gymnocaulis

Gymnocaulis (Nutt.) Nutt. in J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 2(1): 180 (1848 [Aug 1848]). Syn.:  Loxanthes Raf. (1825) Orobanche sect. Gymnocaulis Nutt. (1818); = Aphyllon sect. Aphyllon Mitch. (1769). Type Name: Orobanche fasciculata Nutt. (1818); Gymnocaulis fasciculata (Nutt.) Nutt. (1848). Obs. D.M. Achey (1933); Gymnocaulis (Nutt.) Nutt. in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden (accessed Mar 2017)

Gymnocaulis biflora (Nutt.) Nutt. in J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 2(1): 180 (1848 [Aug 1848]). Syn.:  Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848)

Gymnocaulis fasciculata (Nutt.) Nutt. in J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 2(1): 180 (1848 [Aug 1848]). Syn.:  Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848)

Gymnocaulis uniflora (L.) Nutt. in J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 2(1): 180 (1848 [Aug 1848]). Syn.:  Aphyllon uniflorum (L.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848)

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Haemodoron

Haemodoron Rchb. in Consp. Regn. Veg.: 212b (1828), non Sm. Syn.:  Orobanche trib. Haemodoron Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 26, 69 (1825), nom. inv. [not validly published] (Art 37.6). Obs. Taxon 65: 194, "Ex 24bis"

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Hyobanche

Hyobanche L., Mant. Pl.: 155 (1771) (IPNI; A. Wolfe, 1996, Hyobanche, accessed Mar 2017; A. Wolfe & Randle, 2001; A. Wolfe, Hyobanche and Hyobanche images and video, accessed Mar 2017; Thiselton-Dyer, 2013: 416, key). Type Name: Hyobanche sanguinea L. (1771)

Hyobanche atropurpurea Bolus, Hooker's Icon. Pl. 15: t. 1486 (1885 [1883-1885 publ. Dec 1885]). Type: [South Africa:] Cape Div.; Table Mountain behind Klassenbosch, about 1000 ft., Welby in Herb. Bolus 4987! (Thiselton-Dyer, 2013: 419)

Hyobanche barklyi N.E. Br. in Kew Bull. 1901: 129 (1901). Ind. loc.: "[South Africa, Western Cape:] Cape Colony. Little Namaqualand: Parasitic on bulbs, in sand hill near Port Nolloth, Barkly". Type: "Near Port Nolloth / Little / Namaqualand / From Sir H. Barkly Oct. 1873" (K 000405261)

Hyobanche calvescens Gand. in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 220 (1919). Ind. loc.: "Hab.: [South Africa, Western Cape:] Caledon ad Lotshraal (Penther n. 1878!)" (Gbif 3742127; Kamundi, 2005, accessed Mar 2017). Type: "South Africa. Western Cape: Caledon, Leo’s Kraal, 18 Oct 1894; Penther 1878. Holotype W!" ( Wolfe, 2017)

Hyobanche fulleri E. Phillips, Fl. Pl. S. Afr.: t. 89 (1923). Type: "No. 1463 / Natal [KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa] / Hyobanche sp. / Karridene / ... / Aug.1921 Coll. C. Fuller" (K 000405260). Host: Chrysanthemoides monilifera (L.) Norl. (Asteraceae) (PlantZAfrica.com, accessed Mar 2017)

Hyobanche glabrata Hiern, Fl. Cap. (Harvey) 4(2.3): 417 (1904 [Oct 1904]), nom. nov. Syn.:  Haematobanche sanguinea C. Presl, Epimel. Bot.: [249-] 250 (1851 [Oct 1851]); ? Hyobanche sanguinea var. glabra Thunb., Fl. Cap.: 488 (1825); "Hyobanche sanguinea β glabra Drege pl. cap. exs. Benth. in Cand. prod. X. 506". Ind. loc.: "Habitat ad Caput bonae spei [Cape of Good Hope] (Drege)"  (Wolfe, 2017). Types: "Cape / Drege / Kans Mountains / 3000-4000 ft. / Little Namaqualand // Hyobanche sanguinea β glabresc. Th. b." (K 000405265). "Lectotype (designated here): South Africa. Northern Cape: Between Buffels Rivers and Silver fontein, Little Namaqualand, elev. 610 m; 1837; Drege s.n. K!". Herbarium Specimen: "Between / Buffels (Koasie) / Rivers and Silver / Fontein, 2000 ft. / Little Namaqualand. // Hyobanche sanguinea β glabresc. Th. a." (K 000405266)

Hyobanche hanekomii A. Wolfe in Phytotaxa 340(1): 93, f. 1 A-D, f. 3A (2018 [21 Feb 2018]). Type: "South Africa. Western Cape: 1 km south of Lentelus near Citrusdal, 400 m, 26 September 1997, W.J. Hanekom 2887 (Holotype: NBG 759260!)"

Hyobanche robusta Schönland in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1913(8): 301 (1913 [13 Nov 1913]). Ind. loc.: "South Africa. [Eastern Cape:] Humansdorp Div.; near Humansdorp, Mrs. Christy 54". Type: "Type! / No. 54 / Hyobanche robusta Schönl. n. sp. / Humansdorp / Humansdorp Div. / Leg. Mrs. Christy Nov. 1909" (K 000405259). Ic.: 2513893 by Lynda de Wet, accessed Mar 2017. Host: Metalasia muricata R. Br. (Asteraceae)

Hyobanche rubra N.E.Br. in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1901(175-177): 129 (1901 [Jul-Sep 1901]). Ind. loc.: "[South Africa, Western Cape:] Cape Colony. Mossel Bay Div.: Near Gauritz River Bridge, alt. 800 ft., Galpin, 4329". Type: "Type! / ... No. 4392 / Near Gauritz River Bridge, Alt. cir 800' / 25 Sept 1897 / Coll. E.E. Galpin / Mossel Bay Div." (K 000405262). "Type!:—South Africa. Western Cape: Near Gauritz River Bridge, Mossel Bay District, 9 Sep 1897; Galpin 4392. Holotype K!; Isotype PRE!" (Wolfe, 2017)

Hyobanche sanguinea L., Mant. Pl.: 253 (1771 [Oct 1771]). Ind. loc.: "Habitat ad Cap. b. spei [Cape of Good Hope]". Type: "Lectotype (designated here): South Africa. Sparrmann s.n.: S-Linn! Epitype (designated here): South Africa.—Western Cape: Table Mountain National Park on the Cape Peninsula, above Oliphantsbos Road, near rock outcrop and throughout sandy slope of coastal fynbos, elev. 22 m, S 34° 14’ 33”, E 18° 23’ 03”; 22 m; 26 Aug 2013; Wolfe 1387. (NBG!; isoepitype: OS!)" (Wolfe, 2017). Ic.: a, Endlicher, Iconogr. Gen. Pl. 6: t. 82 (1839), b, MO 2368471 and MOA 11920 (Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, accessed Mar 2017); 6099903 and 7391925 by Lynda de Wet, accessed Mar 2017. Host: Cullumia setosa Sieber ex DC. (Asteraceae)

Hyobanche sanguinea auct., non Hyobanche sanguinea L., Mant. Pl.: 253 (1771 [Oct 1771]). Syn.: = Phelypaea sanguinea Thunb. (1784)

Hyobanche sanguinea var. glabra Thunb., Fl. Cap.: 488 (1825) ["β", Thunb."]. Syn.:  Hyobanche glabrata Hiern (1904)

Hyobanche sanguinea var. glabrescens Drege, Cat. Pl. Exsicc. Af. Austr.: 4 (1837). Syn.:  Hyobanche glabrata Hiern (1904)

Hyobanche sanguinea var. glabra Benth. in DC., Prodr. 10: 506 (1846) ["β glabra (Thunb. l.c.)"]. Syn.:  Hyobanche glabrata Hiern ( 1904). Ind. loc.: "Cum praecedente (Drčge ! Paterson!) [in Africae australis collibus arenosis planitiei capensis, in radicibus variis parasitica (Thunberg, Harvey, Drčge!)]"

Hyobanche thinophila A. Wolfe in Phytotaxa 85(2): 57 f. 1 (2013 [8 Mar 2013]). Type: "South Africa. Western Cape: Koeberg Nature Reserve, 33°08'56.8" S, 18°24' 55.9" E, 26 m, 10 September 2004, Wolfe 1174 (Holotype: NBG!)"

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Kopsia

Kopsia Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 16 (1822), nom. rejic. (ICNB - Tokyo Code, Index Kopsia - 6626 Angiospermae, Dicotyledones, Metachlamydeae 6165-9629, accessed Feb 2006; Vienna Code, 2006 Appendix III Nomina generica conservanda et rejicienda - E3. Dicotyledones, accessed Jun 2009). Syn.: Phelipanche Pomel (1874). Type Name: Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia aegyptiaca (Pers.) Caruel in Parl., Fl. Ital. 6: 358 (1885). Syn.:  Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia arenaria (Borkh.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 17 (1822). Syn.:  Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia arenaria f. ionantha (A. Kern.) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902). Syn.: = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia borkhausenii (Besser ex Reut.) Caruel in Parl., Fl. Ital. 6: 355 (1885), nom. nud. Syn.: = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia caerulea (Vill.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 17 (1822). Syn.: = Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia caesia (Rchb.) O. Schwarz in Mitt. Thuring. Bot. Ges. 1: 117 (1949). Syn.:  Phelipanche caesia (Rchb.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia coelestis (Reut.) Bég. & A. Vacc. in Ann. Bot. (Roma) 13: 29 (1914) (Greuter & al., 1989: 258). Syn.:  Phelipanche coelestis (Reut.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia coerulea [orthographic variant, vide Kopsia caerulea (Vill.) Dumort. (1822)]

Kopsia cyanea Pau (1899) [in sched., unpublished name]. Syn.: = Phelipanche rosmarina (Welw. ex Beck [1921]) Banfi, Galasso & Soldano (2005)

Kopsia gussoneana (Lojac.) Lojac., Alcune Obs. Orob.: 5 (1887). Syn.:  Phelipanche gussoneana (Lojac.) Domina, Raab-Straube & Uhlich (2018); ≠ Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874) (Greuter & al., 1989: 263); ≠ Phelipanche oxyloba (Reut.) Soják (1972) (Domina & Mazzola, 2007: 230)

Kopsia interrupta (Pers.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 17 (1822). Syn.: ? = Phelipanche nana ([F.W. de Noë ex.] Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia lavandulacea (Rchb.) Caruel in Parl., Fl. Ital. 6: 357 (1885). Syn.:  Phelipanche lavandulacea (Rchb.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia longiflora (Pers.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 18 (1822). Syn.: ? = Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 471 (1902). Syn.:  Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia mutelii var. angustiflora (Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 472 (1902 [Jun 1902]). Syn.: = Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia nana ([F.W. de Noë ex.] Rchb. fil.) Freyn in Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 38: 623 (1888). Syn.:  Phelipanche nana ([F.W. de Noë ex.] Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia panormitana Lojac., Naturalista Sicil. 6: 81 (1887). Syn.: = Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia purpurea (Jacq.) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902). Syn.:  Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia purpurea sensu Samp., Lista Esp. Herb. Portug.: 116 (1913) et Fl. Portug. (2 ed.): 499 (1946 [28 May 1947]), non Kopsia purpurea (Jacq.) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902). Syn.: = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia purpurea var. bohemica (Čelak.) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902). Syn.:  Phelipanche purpurea subsp. bohemica (Čelak.) J. Zázvorka (2000)

Kopsia purpurea var. spitzelii (Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902). Syn.: ? = Phelipanche purpurea subsp. millefolii (Rchb.) Carlón & al. (2008)

Kopsia purpurea var. typica (Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 473 (1902), nom. illeg. Syn.:  Phelipanche purpurea (Jacq.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia ramosa (L.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 16 (1822). Syn.:  Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia ramosa var. mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Caruel in Parl., Fl. Ital. 6: 359 (1885). Syn.:  Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia ramosa r. mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Samp., Lista Esp. Herb. Portug.: 116 (1913), nom. illeg. Syn.:  Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia ramosa r. nana ([F.W. de Noë ex.] Reut.) Samp., Lista Esp. Herb. Portug.: 116 (1913), nom. illeg. Syn.:  Phelipanche nana ([F.W. de Noë ex.] Rchb. fil.) Soják (1972)

Kopsia reuterii (Moris) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. (ed. 2): 417 (1894). Syn.: ? = Phelipanche lavandulacea (Rchb.) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia schultzii (Mutel) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 472 (1902). Syn.:  Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia schultzii r. stricta (Moris ex Bertol.) Samp., Lista Esp. Herb. Portug.: 116 (1913), nom. illeg. Syn.: = Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874)

Kopsia stricta (Moris ex Bertol.) Caruel in Parl., Fl. Ital. 6: 356 (1885). Syn.: = Phelipanche schultzii (Mutel) Pomel (1874)

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Kopsiopsis

Kopsiopsis (Beck) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 304 (1930). Syn.: Orobanche sect. Kopsiopsis Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 74, 85 (1890). Type Name: Orobanche hookeri (Walp.) Beck (1890) [ Kopsiopsis hookeri (Walp.) Govaerts (1996)]. Obs. Piwowarczyk 2015

Kopsiopsis hookeri (Walp.) Govaerts, World Checkl. Seed Pl. 2(1): 14 (1996). Syn.:  Boschniakia hookeri Walp. (1844) (B. hookeri in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, accessed Mar 2017); Orobanche hookeri (Walp.) Beck (1890); = Orobanche tuberosa Hook. (1837), non Vell. (1829) (Walpers 1844: 479; Reuter 1847: 39, sub B. Hookeri Walp.; Scoggan 1979: 1392); = Boschniakia tuberosa (Hook.) Jepson (1925); Boschniakia strobilacea auct., non A. Gray (1857) (Scoggan 1979: 1392). Ind. loc.: "Crescit in Americae borealis ora occidentali" (Walpers 1844: 479). Ic.: Cnps 1590; Colwell 2012 in Jepson eFlora, accessed Sep 2019; Gbif 3739569, accessed Sep 2019. Hosts.: Gaultheria shallon Pursh (Ericaceae) (Beck 1930: 305, sec. A. Gray; Kuijt & Toth ‎1985), "occasionally on Arbutus menziesii Pursh (Ericaceae), Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Sprengel (Ericaceae)" (Beck 1890: 85; Beck 1930: 305; Olsen & Deyrup Olsen 1981; Colwell 2012 in Jepson eFlora, accessed Sep 2019), "and an introduced South American species, Pernettya mucronata (L. fil.) Gaud.-Beaupre ex Sprengel [Gaultheria mucronata (L. fil.) E.J. Remy; Arbutus mucronata L. fil. (Ericaceae)])" (Olsen & Deyrup Olsen 1981). Herbarium Specimens: Type: N.W. Coast of America, A. Menzies s.n. (K [K 000999870 - 665301.jpg] (Yu 2013)); SEINet 107524, accessed Sep 2019

Kopsiopsis strobilacea (A. Gray) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 306 (1930). Syn.:  Boschniakia strobilacea A. Gray (1857). Ind. loc.: United States of America: "Dry and rocky hills, South Yuba, California; May". Ic.: a, B. strobilacea by D. Mosquin in Botany Photo of the Day (UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research, accessed Oct 2008); Colwell 2012 in Jepson eFlora, accessed Sep 2019. Hosts.: "generally on Arctostaphylos (Ericaceae)" (Colwell 2012 in Jepson eFlora, accessed Sep 2019). Obs. see B. strobilacea in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, accessed Mar 2017; K. strobilacea in Calflora, accessed Mar 2017; Colwell 2012 in Jepson eFlora, accessed Sep 2019. Herbarium Specimens: Types: United States of America. California: Yuba County, 23 May, 1854, J.M. Bigelow s.n. (holotype, GH, barcode 00071672!; isotype, NY (HUH 4554; Yu 2013)); "Lieut, A.W. Whipple's Exploration for a Railway Route, from the / Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, near the 35th parallel of Latitude, / in 1853-4. / Collected by Dr. J.M. Bigelow, Surgeon and Botanist to the expedition / Boschniakia strobilacea ... / California" (K 000999869 - 665300.jpg); Canyonville, Douglas County, Oregon (MNHN-P-P02968825 - P 02968825.jpg)

Kopsiopsis tuberosa (Hook.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 305, f. 18 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]), nom. illg. Syn.:  Orobanche tuberosa Hook. (1837), non Vell. (1829) [later homonym, nom. illeg.]; Boschniakia tuberosa (Hook.) Jepson (1925)= Kopsiopsis hookeri (Walp.) Govaerts (1996). Ind. loc.: "Hab N.W. Coast of America. A. Menzies, Esq." (Hooker 1837: 92). Ic.: Hooker 1837: t. CLXVIII. Herbarium Specimen: holotype: "N.W. America. Menzies" (K 000999870 - 665301.jpg)

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Lathraea

Lathraea L., Sp. Pl. 2: 605 (1753 [1 May 1753]). Type Name: Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

Lathraea sect. Lathraea. Syn.: = Lathraea sect. Eulathraea Bég. (1902)

Lathraea sect. Eulathraea Bég. in Fiori, A. & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 486 (1902 [Jun 1902]), nom. illeg. (Art 21.3 ICN). Type Name: Lathraea squamaria L. (1753)

Lathraea sect. Clandestina Bég. in Fiori, A. & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 486 (1902 [Jun 1902]). Type Name: Lathraea clandestina L. (1753)

Lathraea Hill in Owen, Dict. Arts Sci. 3: 1862 (1755 [1 Mar 1755]) ["Lathraea, in botany, a genus of the didynamia-angiospermia..."], nom. illeg.

Lathraea amentacea Schlecht. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3(1,9): 323 (1849). Syn.: = Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson (1884)

Lathraea anblatum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 606 (1753 [1 May 1753]). Syn.: = Anblatum orientale, flore purpurascente Tournef., Corollarium: 48 (1703) [pre-Linnaean name]; ? = Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975); ? = Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975); ? = Lathraea squamaria L. (1753). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Oriente"

Lathraea arenaria (Borkh.) Cuatrec. in Treb. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona 12, Sčr. Bot.: 429 (1929). Syn.:  Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)

Lathraea chinfushanica Hu & Tang in Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 5: 315 (1934). Syn.: = Lathraea japonica Miq. (1867)

Lathraea clandestina L., Sp. Pl. 2: 605[-606] (1753 [1 May 1753]). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in umbrosis Galliae, Pyrenaeorum, Italiae". Herbarium Specimen: P 03829089

Lathraea clandestina sensu Georgi, Bemerk. Reise Russ. Reich 1: 223 (1775), non Lathraea clandestina L., Sp. Pl. 2: 605 (1753)

Lathraea japonica Miq. in Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi. 3: 205 (1867) [Maxim. ex Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 461, 462 (1877) view IPNI entry]. Syn.:  Clandestina japonica Miq. (1868)

Lathraea japonica var. miqueliana (Franch. & Savat.) Ohwi, Fl. Jap.: 811 (1965). Syn.: = Lathraea japonica Miq. (1867)

Lathraea lavandulacea (Rchb.) Cuatrec. in Treb. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona 12, Sčr. Bot. 429 (1929). Syn.:  Phelipanche lavandulacea (Rchb.) Pomel (1874)

Lathraea miqueliana Franch. & Sav. Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 461 (1877). Syn.: = Lathraea japonica Miq. (1867)

Lathraea mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Samp., Lista Esp. Herb. Portug.: 118 (1903). Syn.:  Phelipanche mutelii (F.W. Schultz) Pomel (1874)

Lathraea nakaharae Makino in Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 28(329): 156[-157] (1914). Syn.: = Lathraea japonica Miq. (1867)

Lathraea phelypaea L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753). Syn.:  Cistanche phelypaea (L.) Cout., Fl. Portugal: 571 (1913)

Lathraea phelypaea β Orobanche orientalis, flore coccineo (Tournef.) L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753). Syn.:  Diphelypaea tournefortii (Desf.) Nicolson (1975)

Lathraea phelypaea sensu Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 111 (1775 [1 Oct 1775]), non Lathraea phelypaea L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753). Syn.: Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel (1874)

Lathraea phelipaea sensu Gueldenst., Reisen 1: 422 (1787), non Lathraea phelypaea L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753). Syn.:  Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Lathraea phelipaea sensu Georgi, Beschreib. Russ. Reiches 3(5): 1102 (1800), non Lathraea phelypaea L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753). Syn.:  Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Lathaea phelypaea sensu Pall. ex Lamb. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 260 (1811), non Lathraea phelypaea L., Sp. Pl.: 606 (1753). Syn.: Diphelypaea coccinea (M. Bieb.) Nicolson (1975)

Lathraea purpurea Cummins ex King in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 64: 137 (1895 [1896 publ. 1895]). Ind. loc.: India: Sikkim, Singalelah Range [Singalila Ridge]. Type: BM 000997925

Lathraea quinquefida Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 111 (1775). Syn.: = Cistanche tinctoria (Forssk.) Deflers (1896)

Lathraea rhodopea Dingler in Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 35: 74 (1877). Ind. loc.: "Hab. in fagetis umbrosis montis Rhodopes meridionalis Thraciae (Karlykdagh [Gyumyurdzhinski Snezhnik, Kardzhali Province, Bulgaria]) prope Gumeldschinam 3500'-3800' (Dingler!)" (Boissier, 1875: 493). Herbarium Specimen: P 04384724

Lathraea squamaria L., Sp. Pl. 2: 606 (1753 [1 May 1753]). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Europae frigidioris umbrosissimis". Herbarium Specimen: P 04243166

Lathraea strobilacea Schlecht. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3(1,9): 323 (1849). Syn.: = Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson (1884)

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Legocia

Legocia Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 158 (1927 [31 May 1927]). Type Name: Legocia aurantiaca (Wight) Livera (1927) [ Christisonia legocia Beck (1930)]

Legocia aurantiaca (Wight) Livera in Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 10: 158 (1927 [31 May 1927]). Syn.: Christisonia legocia Beck (1930)

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Leptamnium

Leptamnium Raf. in Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2(4): 267, no. 98. (1818 [Feb 1818]), nom. inval. (nom. nud.). Type Name: Leptamnium virginianum (L). Raf. (1818); Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton (1818)

Leptamnium virginianum (L). Raf. in Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2(4): 267 (1818 [Feb 1818]). Syn.: Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton (1818)

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Loxanthes

Loxanthes Raf., Neogenyt.: 3 (1825) [non Loxanthes Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 117 (1866 [Apr-May 1866]). Syn.: Gymnocaulis (Nutt.) Nutt. (1848) Orobanche sect. Gymnocaulis Nutt. (1818); = Aphyllon sect. Aphyllon Mitch. (1769). Type Name: Orobanche fasciculata Nutt. (1818); Loxanthes fasciculatus (Nutt.) Raf. (1825)

Loxanthes fasciculatus (Nutt.) Raf., Neogenyt.: 3 (1825). Syn.: Aphyllon fasciculatum (Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray (1848)

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Mannagettaea

Mannagettaea Harry Sm. in Acta Horti Gothob. 8: 135 (1933). Type Name: Mannagettaea labiata Harry Sm. (1933)

Mannagettaea hummeli Harry Sm. in Acta Horti Gothob. 8: 135 (1933). Syn.: = Gleadovia kokonorica Keng f. (1948); = Mannagettaea ircutensis Popov. (1954). Type: prov. Kansu, Jango, ad septentr. versus a Va-pa-kuo, in declivitate lapidosa. / Expeditio centrali-asiatica sub duce Dr. Sven Hedin [Gansu (China)], 2.8.1930, D. Hummel 4752 (S); idem (PE 00032335). Ic.: a, M. hummeli in FRPS (accessed April 2017); b, f. 265, 6-15 in Flora of China.efloras.org; c, sevin.ru 330spbig. Host: Caragana Fabr. and Salix L. Distribution: SW Gansu and SE Qinghai (China), Sayan Mountains (Russia). Herbarium Specimens: P 03811129; PE 01463662; PE 01463663

Mannagettaea ircutensis Popov in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 16: 10, t. 2 (1954). Syn.: = Mannagettaea hummeli Harry Sm. (1933). Ind. loc.: "[Sayan Mountains (East Siberian, Russia)] Buryat-Mongolian ASSR (Tunkin aimak, near village of Turan, in riparian spruce forest, 22 VII 1953, Leg. M. Popov et L.V. Bardunov). Type in Leningrad (LE)" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 115-116). Type: "3849 Mannagettaea ircutensis M. Pop. / ... / Burjato-Mongolia. Montes Sajanenses orientales. Vallis fl. Tunka in silva riparia ad ripam fl. Irkut in radicibus Caragana jubata Poir.  Leg. M. Popov et L.V. Bardunov 1953 VII 22" (PE 01463669); idem (E 00477632). Ic.: Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: t. 6 f. 4. Host: Caragana jubata (Pall.) Poir. (Fabaceae) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 116)

Mannagettaea ladyginii Popov [in sched., unpublished name]. Syn.: = Mannagettaea hummeli Harry Sm. (1933)

Mannagettaea labiata Harry Sm. in Acta Horti Gothob. 8: 137[-138], f. 3, t. 3b (1933). Type: "Cotypus // Plantae Sinensis N.ş 4012  45582 / Mannagettaea labiata H. Sm. nov. gen et spec. / ... / Prov. Sze-ch'uan [Sichuan, China], reg. bor.: Hsioch-shan, im prato / fruticoso ca. 3600 m.s.m. 7.8.1922 / Det. H. Smith 1933  leg. Harry Smith / Universitas Regia Upsaliensis" (PE 231420 - 00032335, isotype); idem (BM 000997924, isotype). Ic.: a, M. labiata in FRPS (accessed Apr 2017); b, f. 265, 1-5 in Flora of China.efloras.org. Host: Caragana Fabr. (Fabaceae). Distribution: China: Sichuan, Songpan

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Mylanche

Mylanche Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 75 (1825). Type Name: Mylanche virginiana (L.) Wallr. (1825); Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton (1818)

Mylanche virginiana (L.) Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 76 (1825). Syn.: Epifagus virginiana (L.) W.P.C. Barton (1818)

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Myzorrhiza

Myzorrhiza Phil. in Linnaea 29: 36 (1857-58). Syn.: = Aphyllon sect. Nothaphyllon A. Gray ( 1876). Type Name: Myzorrhiza chilensis Phil. (1858). Obs. Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 57 (2005)

Myzorrhiza californica (Cham. & Schltdl.) Rydb. in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 695 (1909). Syn.:  Aphyllon californicum (Cham. & Schltdl.) A. Gray ( 1876)

Myzorrhiza chilensis Phil. in Linnaea 29: 36 (1858). Syn.:  Aphyllon chilense (Phil.) A.C. Schneid. (2016)

Myzorrhiza cooperi (A. Gray) Rydb. in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 695 (1909). Syn.: Aphyllon cooperi A. Gray (1885)

Myzorrhiza corymbosa Rydb. in Bull Torrey Bot. Club 36: 696 (1909). Syn.:  Aphyllon corymbosum (Rydb.) A.C. Schneid. (2016)

Myzorrhiza ludoviciana (Nutt.) Rydb. in Small, Fl. S.E. U.S.: 1093 (1903 [22 July 1903]). Syn.:  Aphyllon ludovicianum (Nutt.) A. Gray (1876)

Myzorrhiza grayana (Beck) Rydb. in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 695 (1909). Syn.:  Aphyllon californicum subsp. grayanum (Beck) A.C. Schneid. (2016)

Myzorrhiza pinorum Rydb. in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 695 (1909). Syn.: Aphyllon pinorum (Geyer ex Hook.) A. Gray (1876)

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Necranthus

Necranthus Gilli in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 297 (1968)

Necranthus orobanchoides Gilli in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 297 (1968). Syn.: = Orobanche gamosepala Reut. (1847)

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Oligopholis

Oligopholis Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: [5] (1849)

Oligopholis tubulosa Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: [5], t. 1422 (1849) (TL-2 n. 17.579). Syn.: Christisonia tubulosa (Wight) Hook. f. (1884)

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Aeginetia - Anoplanthus - Anoplon - Aphyllon - Boschniakia - Boulardia - Campbellia - Catodiacrum - Ceratocalyx - Chorobanche - Christisonia - Cistanche - Cliffordia - Conopholis - Diphelypaea - Epifagus - Gleadovia - Gymnocaulis - Haemodoron - Hyobanche - Kopsia - Kopsiopsis - Lathraea - Legocia - Leptamnium - Mannagettaea - Loxanthes - Mylanche - Myzorrhiza - Necranthus - Oligopholis - Orobanche - Orobanchella - PhacellanthusPhelipanche - Phelypaea [Phelipaea, Phelippaea, Phelypea, Phelipea, Phaelypaea, Phaelypae] - Platypholis - Thalesia - Tienmuia - Trionychon [Trionychion] - Xylanche - Other Genera of Orobanchaceae Vent. (1799) [nom. conserv.] in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden (accessed Apr 2009) – Host - References - Images – Authors - Advisers - Cite us - GBC - Edited by Óscar Sánchez Pedraja in Liérganes (Cantabria, Spain)

Orobanche


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Orobanche L., Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753 [1 May 1753]). Type Name: Orobanche major L. (Jarvis & al. in Regnum Veg. 127: 71. 1993). Obs. "They chose a type referable to Orobanche caryophyllacea ... The Committee accepts this lectotypification..." (Turland & Rumsey in Taxon 46: 787-789. 1997; Brummitt in Taxon 49: 263. 2000; Piwowarczyk & al., 2017: 133)

Orobanche C.A. Mey. in Ledeb., Fl. Altaica 2: 450 (1830). Syn.:Orobanche L. (1753)

Orobanche subgen. Boulardia (F.W. Schultz) A. Pujadas in Acta Bot. Malacitana 32: 266 (2007 [Dec 2007]) [comb. superfl.]. Syn.: Boulardia F.W. Schultz (Dec. 1847-Mar 1848); Ceratocalyx Coss. (1848), nom. illeg.; Orobanche subgen. Ceratocalyx Coss. ex Nyman (1854-1855) [nom. nov.] (Art. 55, Vienna Code); Orobanche subgen. Ceratocalyx (Coss.) Pomel (1874) [comb. superfl.]; Orobanche sect. Boulardia (F.W. Schultz) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 659 (1890). Type Name: Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848). Obs. Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 111 (2008)

Orobanche subgen. Ceratocalyx Coss. ex Nyman in Syll. Fl. Eur.: 130 (1854-1855) [nom. nov.] (Art. 55, Vienna Code). Syn.: Boulardia F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848). Type Name: Ceratocalyx macrolepis Coss. (Mar 1848) Boulardia latisquama F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848). Obs. Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 111 (2008)

Orobanche subgen. Ceratocalyx (Coss.) Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 108 (1874) [comb. superfl.]. Syn.: Boulardia F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848). Obs. "type Orobanche macrolepis, Coss. sub Ceratocalyx"

Orobanche subgen. Cistanche (Hoffmanns. & Link) Schmalh., Fl. Ssredn. Jushn. Rossii 2: 295 (1897 [Nov 1897]). Syn.: Cistanche Hoffmanns. & Link (1813)

Orobanche subgen. Monoschiza Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 108 (1874). Syn.: Orobanche sect. Monoschiza (Pomel) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 166 (1909). Type Name: Orobanche clausonis Pomel (1874)

Orobanche subgen. Orobanche (Brummitt, 2000: 263; Piwowarczyk & al., 2017: 133 [type of genus Orobanche L.])

Orobanche subgen. Osproleon (Wallr.) Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 109 (1874). Syn.: Orobanche sect. Osproleon Wallr., Sched. Criti.: 307 (1822); = Orobanche L. (1753); = Orobanche subgen. Orobanche

Orobanche subgen. Phelipanche (Pomel) Tzvelev in An.A. Fedorov, Fl. Evrop. Časti SSSR 5: 325 (1981) [comb. superfl.]. Syn.: Phelipanche Pomel (1874); = Orobanche subgen. Trionychon (Wallr.) Spach (1838); = Orobanche sect. Trionychon Wallr. (1822). Type Name: Orobanche ramosa L. (1753) [ Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel (1874)]. Obs. see A. Pujadas in Acta Bot. Malacitana 32: 265 (2007 [Dec 2007])

Orobanche subgen. Phelypaea (Desf.) Nyman in Syll. Fl. Eur.: 133 (1854-1855) ["Phelipaea"]. Syn.:Phelipanche Pomel (1874) ["Trionychiones"], p.p. et – Cistanche Hoffmanns. & Link (1813) ["Cistanches"], p.p.

Orobanche subgen. Trionychon (Wallr.) Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 9: 262 (1838 [15 Aug 1838]) ["Sous-genre Trionychon Wallr. (Kopsia Dumort.)"]. Syn.: Orobanche sect. Trionychon Wallr. (1822); Phelipanche sect. Trionychon (Wallr.) Piwow. & Ó. Sánchez (2018); = Phelipanche Pomel (1874), p.p.; = Orobanche subgen. Phelipanche (Pomel) Tzvelev (1981) [comb. superfl.], p.p.; = Orobanche subgen. Phelypaea (Desf.) Nyman (1854-1855), p.p. Obs. sec. É. Spach (1838: 262, "Fleurs 3-bractéolées")

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Orobanche trib. Amoenae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 133 (1890) ["Tribus B. Amoenae"] [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Syn: Orobanche Grex Amoenae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 131 (1930); Orobanche subsect. Amoenae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 37 (1993)

Orobanche trib. Anoplon Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 25, 66 (1825) ["Tribus III Anoplon"], p.p. [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Syn: = Diphelypaea Nicolson (1975); = Aphyllon Mitch. (1769) (Nicolson, 1975: 654). Obs. Taxon 65: 194, "Ex 24bis"

Orobanche trib. Arcuatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890) ["Tribus E. Arcuatae"] [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Syn: Orobanche Grex Arcuatae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 269 (1930), nom. invalid; Orobanche subsect. Arcuatae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 40 (1993). Note: "tribus" sensu Beck (1890) = "Grex" sensu Beck (1930) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]

Orobanche trib. Coerulescentes Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 133 (1890) ["Tribus A. Coerulescentes"], nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche Grex Coerulescentes Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 115 (1930), nom. invalid.; Orobanche subsect. Coerulescentes Teryokhin, Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev) 37 (1993)

Orobanche trib. Cruentae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890) ["Tribus F. Cruentae"], nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche [unranked] Ampliatae Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 131 (1882) (Beck, 1930: 278); Orobanche Grex Cruentae Beck in  Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 278 (1930); Orobanche subsect. Cruentae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev) 40 (1993)

Orobanche trib. Curvatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 [168] (1890) ["Tribus D. Curvatae"], nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche [unranked] Curvatae Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 128 (1882) (Beck, 1930: 243); Orobanche Grex Curvatae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 243 (1930)

Orobanche trib. Galeatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 [152] (1890) ["Tribus C. Galeatae"], nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche [unranked] Galeatae Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 125 (1882) (Beck, 1890: 152 "Tribus"); Orobanche Grex Galeatae (Beck) Beck in  Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 222 (1930), nom. invalid.; Orobanche subsect. Galeatae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 39 (1993)

Orobanche trib. Glandulosae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 [208] (1890) ["Tribus G. Glandulosae"], nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche [unranked] Glandulosae Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 132 (1882) (Beck, 1930: 142); Orobanche Grex Glandulosae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 142 (1930), nom. invalid.; Orobanche subsect. Glandulosae Teryokhin (1993)

Orobanche trib. Haemodoron Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 26, 69 (1825) ["Tribus IV Haemodoron"] (cf. Beck, 1930: 26 "sect.") [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Syn.: Cistanche Hoffmanns. & Link (1813), p.p.; Phelipanche Pomel (1874), p.p.; Orobanche L. (1753), p.p.; Harveya Hook., p.p.

Orobanche trib. Minores Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 [228] (1890) ["Tribus I. Minores"], nom. invalid. Syn:  Orobanche [unranked] Minores Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 135 (1882); Orobanche Grex Minores Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 167 (1930), nom. invalid.

Orobanche trib. Osproleon Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 21, 29 (1825) ["Tribus I Osproleon"] (Beck, 1930: 44 "sect.") [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Syn.: Orobanche L. (1753)

Orobanche trib. Speciosae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 224 (1890), nom. invalid. Syn:  Orobanche Grex Speciosae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 136 (1930), nom. invalid.

Orobanche trib. Trionychon Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 23[-25] (1825) [23, "Tribus II Trionychon"; 58, "Sect. II Trionychon"] (Beck, 1930: 44 "sect.") [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Syn: Phelipanche sect. Trionychon (Wallr.) Piwow. & Ó. Sánchez (2018); Phelipanche Pomel (1874), p.p.

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Orobanche Grex Amoenae Beck in  Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 131 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Amoenae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 133 (1890), nom. invalid. Note: "tribus" sensu Beck (1890) = "Grex" sensu Beck (1930) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Obs. "Grex" ICBN 1952 (Stockholm Code), ICNCP 2009 Art. 4, 23

Orobanche Grex Arcuatae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 269 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Arcuatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]

Orobanche Grex Coerulescentes Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 115 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Coerulescentes Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 133 (1890), nom. invalid. (Beck, 1930: 278 "Tribus")

Orobanche Grex Curvatae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 243 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Curvatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890), nom. invalid.

Orobanche Grex Cruentae Beck in  Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 278 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Cruentae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890), nom. invalid. (Beck, 1930: 278)

Orobanche Grex Galeatae (Beck) Beck in  Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 222 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Galeatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890), nom. invalid.; Orobanche subsect. Galeatae Novopokr. in Bot. Mat. [Бот. мат. (Ленин-град)] 13: 327 (1950); Orobanche subsect. Galeatae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 39 (1993)

Orobanche Grex Glandulosae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 142 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Glandulosae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890), nom. invalid.

Orobanche Grex Minores Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 167 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn:  Orobanche [unranked] Minores Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 135 (1882) (Beck, 1890: 228; Beck, 1930: 167); Orobanche trib. Minores Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135[228] (1890), nom. invalid.

Orobanche Grex Speciosae Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 136 (1930), nom. invalid. Syn: Orobanche trib. Speciosae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 224 (1890), nom. invalid.

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Orobanche sect. Angustatae (Beck) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 167 (1909). Syn.: Orobanche subsect. Angustatae Beck in Halácsy & H. Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nied.-Oest.: 125 (1882); Orobanche subsect. Angustatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890) (view IPNI entry)

Orobanche sect. Anoplon Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 66 (1825) ["Tribus III Anoplon"] (Beck, 1930: 42, 44) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Syn: = Diphelypaea Nicolson (1975), p.p.; = Aphyllon Mitch. (1769), p.p.

Orobanche sect. Boulardia (F.W. Schultz) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 659 (1890 [Dec 1890]). Syn: Boulardia F.W. Schultz (Dec 1847-Mar 1848); Ceratocalyx Coss. (1848), nom. illeg.

Orobanche sect. Euanoplon (Endl. ex Walp.) Thieret in J. Arnold Arbor. 52(3): 425 (1971), nom. inv. (Art. 21.3 ICN)

Orobanche sect. Eucistanche Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 57 (1890), nom. inv. (Art. 21.3 ICN)

Orobanche sect. Gamosepalae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 40 (1993). Type Name: Orobanche gamosepala Reut. (1847)

Orobanche sect. Gymnocaulis Nutt. in Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 59 (1818). Syn: Gymnocaulis (Nutt.) Nutt. (1848)

Orobanche sect. Haemodoron Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 69 (1825) (Beck, 1930: 26) ["Tribus IV Haemodoron", nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6) (Wallroth, 1825: 69)]. Syn.: Haemodoron Rchb. (1828), non Sm.; Cistanche Hoffmanns. & Link (1813), p.p.; Phelipanche Pomel (1874), p.p.; Orobanche L. (1753), p.p.; Harveya Hook. (1837)

Orobanche sect. Holoclada Novopokr. in Bot. Mat. Gerb. Bot. Inst. AN SSSR 13(1): 305 (1950) [Бот. мат. (Ленинград) 13: 303 (1950)] (Tzvelev, 2015: 200). Syn.: = Phelipanche sect. Arenaria Teryokhin (1993) (Tzvelev, 2015: 200). Type Name: "Lectotypus (Tzvelev, hic designatus): P. kelleri Novopokr." (Tzvelev, 2015: 200)

Orobanche sect. Inflatae (Beck) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 167 (1909 [Jul 1909]). Syn.: Orobanche subsect. Inflatae Beck in Halácsy & H. Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nied.-Oest.: 124 (1882). Type Name: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) (Tzvelev, 1981: 328; 2015: 212)

Orobanche sect. Inflatae (Beck) Tzvelev, Fl. Evrop. Časti SSSR 5: 328 (1981) [isonym, comb. superfl.]. Syn.: Orobanche subsect. Inflatae Beck in Halácsy & H. Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nied.-Oest.: 124 (1882). Type Name: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) (Tzvelev, 1981: 328; 2015: 212)

Orobanche sect. Kopsiopsis Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 74, 85 (1890). Syn.: Kopsiopsis (Beck) Beck (1930)

Orobanche sect. Kotschyinae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 40 (1993). Type Name: Orobanche kotschyi Reut. (1847)

Orobanche sect. Monoschiza (Pomel) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 166 (1909). Syn.: Orobanche subgen. Monoschiza Pomel (1874). Type Name: Orobanche clausonis Pomel (1874)

Orobanche sect. Myzorrhiza Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 78 (1890). Syn.: = Aphyllon sect. Nothaphyllon A. Gray (1876)

Orobanche sect. Nothaphyllon (A. Gray) Heckard in Madrońo 22(2): 41 (1973). Syn.: Aphyllon sect. Nothaphyllon A. Gray (1876)

Orobanche sect. Orobanche [L., Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753)]. Note: O. caryophyllacea Sm. is the type of this section according to McNeill et al. (2012: Art. 22) (Brummitt, 2000: 263; Piwowarczyk & al., 2017: 133). Obs. Lectotype: "Lectotype of genus" [Orobanche major L. (= O. elatior Sutt., sec. Tzvelev, l.c.)]; see lectotypification in Orobanche L. (1753)

Orobanche sect. Osproleon Wallr., Sched. Criti.: 307 (1822) (Duby, 1828: 348, "Sect. I Osproleon Wallr."; Schultz, 1830: 500; Beck, 1882: 117). Syn.: = Orobanche L. (1753). Obs. Wallroth (1822: 307, "Flores bractea 1 suffulti"); Beck (1830: 113)

Orobanche sect. Osproleon Wallr. ex Duby, Bot. Gall.: 350 (1828), nom. superfl. (Tzvelev, 1981: 328). Syn.: = Orobanche L. (1753)

Orobanche sect. Pleioclada Novopokr. in Bot. Mat. Gerb. Bot. Inst. AN SSSR 13(1): 303 (1950) [Бот. мат. (Ленинград) 13: 303 (1950)] (Tzvelev, 2015: 200). Syn.: Orobanche subsect. Pleioclada (Novopokr.) Novopokr. & Tzvelev (1958)

Orobanche sect. Tribracteatae Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 212 (1816) (see Art. 20.2)

Orobanche sect. Trionychon Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 314 (1822) (Duby, 1828: 348, "Sect. II Trionychon Wallr."; Schultz, 1830: 500; Beck, 1882: 117). Syn.: Phelipanche sect. Trionychon (Wallr.) Piwow. & Ó. Sánchez (2018); = Phelipanche Pomel (1874), p.p. Obs. Wallroth (1822: 314, "Calyx connatus, integer, 4-5 - fidus. Bracteae 3: interiores minores corollam munientes.")

Orobanche sect. Trionychon Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask. 23: 58 (1825) ["Sect. II Trionychon"], nom. superfl. Syn.: Phelipanche sect. Trionychon (Wallr.) Piwow. & Ó. Sánchez (2018); = Phelipanche Pomel (1874), p.p.

Orobanche sect. Unibracteatae Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816) (Art. 20.2). Syn.:Orobanche L. (1753). Obs.  "corollis 4-lobis" (Beck, 1930: 113)

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Orobanche subsect. Amoenae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 37 (1993). Syn: Orobanche trib. Amoenae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 133 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche cernua L. (Teryokhin, 1997: 15)

Orobanche subsect. Angustatae Beck in Halácsy & H. Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nied.-Oest.: 125 (1882 [Mar-Jul 1882]) ["Subsectio B.) Angustatae"] (Beck, 1890: 152; Beck, 1902: 448) [et Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890)]. Syn.: Orobanche sect. Angustatae (Beck) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 167 (1909)

Orobanche subsect. Angustatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890) ["Subsectio II Angustatae"]. Syn: Orobanche sect. Orobanche [L., Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753)] (Tzvelev, 1981)

Orobanche subsect. Arcuatae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 40 (1993). Syn: Orobanche trib. Arcuatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche colorata K. Koch (1844)

Orobanche subsect. Arenariae Andary in Biol. Management Orobanche: 124 (1994). Type Name: Orobanche arenaria Borkh. (1794) [ Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874)]

Orobanche subsect. Camptolepides Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 38 (1993). Type Name: Orobanche camptolepis Boiss. & Reut. (1879)

Orobanche subsect. Coerulescentes Teryokhin, Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 37 (1993). Syn: Orobanche trib. Coerulescentes Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 133 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche coerulescens Stephan (1800)

Orobanche subsect. Cruentae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 40 (1993). Syn: Orobanche trib. Cruentae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche gracilis Sm. (1798)

Orobanche subsect. Curvatae (Beck) Piwow., Ó. Sánchez & Moreno Mor. in Phytotaxa 319(2): 133 (2017 [1 Sep 2017]). Syn: Orobanche [unranked] Curvatae Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österr.: 128 [120] (1882) (McNeill et al., 2012: Art. 21.4 and 37.3 Ex. 4). Type Name: Orobanche elatior Sutton (1798) (Piwowarczyk & al., 2017: 133)

Orobanche subsect. Galeatae Novopokr. in Bot. Mat. [Бот. мат. (Ленин-град)] 13: 327 (1950), nom. illeg. Syn: Orobanche trib. Galeatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)] (Tzvelev, 2015: 203); Orobanche subsect. Orobanche

Orobanche subsect. Galeatae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 39 (1993), nom. illeg. Syn: Orobanche trib. Galeatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]; Orobanche subsect. Orobanche. Type Name: Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798)

Orobanche subsect. Glandulosae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 38 (1993). Syn: Orobanche trib. Glandulosae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd. (1800)

Orobanche subsect. Hederae Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 38 (1993). Type Name: Orobanche hederae Duby (1828)

Orobanche subsect. Holoclada (Novopokr.) Novopokr. & Tzvelev in Komarorov, Fl. SSSR 23: 44 (1958). Syn: Orobanche sect. Holoclada Novopokr. (1950) (Tzvelev, 2015: 200). Syn.: = Phelipanche sect. Arenaria Teryokhin (1993) (Tzvelev, 2015: 200). Type Name: "Lectotypus (Tzvelev, hic designatus): P. kelleri Novopokr." (Tzvelev, 2015: 200)

Orobanche subsect. Inflatae Beck in Halácsy & H. Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nied.-Oest.: 124 (1882 [Mar-Jul 1882]) ["Subsectio A.) Inflatae"]. Syn:  Orobanche sect. Inflatae (Beck) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 167 (1909). Type Name: Orobanche cernua L. (1758) (Tzvelev, 1981: 328; 2015: 212)

Orobanche subsect. Inflatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 136 (1890), nom. superfl. Syn:  Orobanche sect. Inflatae (Beck) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 167 (1909)

Orobanche subsect. Minores Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 39 (1993). Syn:  Orobanche trib. Minores Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 135[228] (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]. Type Name: Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797)

Orobanche subsect. Orobanche [L., Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753)]. Note: O. caryophyllacea Sm. is the type of this subsection according to McNeill et al. (2012: Art. 22), this forces us to create a new subsection that can accomodate the species of the O. subsect. Orobanche sensu Teryokhin et al. (1993) and Tzvelev (2015) (Piwowarczyk & al., 2017: 133)

Orobanche subsect. Orobanche sensu Teryokhin in Opred. Zarazikhovykh Fl. SSSR (ed. L.Yu. Budantsev): 39 (1993), nom. illeg. Syn: Orobanche trib. Curvatae Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 134 (1890) [nom. invalid. (Art. 37.6)]