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ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 14 March 2020


Accepted Name:

Orobanche variegata Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 40 (1825) [see "Comments"]

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Catodiacrum variegatum (Wallr.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867), non Catodiacrum variegatum sensu Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867) [Syndiaspermaceae Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 369 (1867)]

Orobanche variegata var. typica (Beck) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 478 (1902), nom. illeg. (Art 24.3)

Orobanche variegata var. typica (Beck) Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934), nom. illeg. (Art 24.3)

Orobanche variegata f. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 202, t. 3 f. 61 (1890) ["Formas... 1. typica = Orobanche variegata Wallroth."], nom. illeg. (Art 24.3)

Orobanche condensata [f.] variegata (Wallr.) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 660 (1890) [nom. illeg.], non Orobanche condensata [f.] variegata sensu Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 660 (1890) [nom. illeg.]

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche grandiflora C. Presl, Fl. Sicul. 1: 34[XXXIV] (1826) (Beck 1890: 202, "vidi orig. in herb. univers. Pragensis"; Béguinot 1902: 478; Beck 1930: 289). Syn.: Orobanche foetida sensu Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813), non Orobanche foetida Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 195[-196] (1789) (Presl 1826: 34[XXXIV], "Orobanche grandiflora C. Presl. / (O. foetida. Biv.)"). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in montibus circa Panormum [Palermo / Palermu / Panormus, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien] ad radices Spartii. Perennis. Floret. Majo" (Bivona-Bernardi 1813: [16]). Herbarium Specimen: Type: "Orobanche grandiflora Presl, Fl. Sicul. I XXXIV / Orobanche foetida Biv. / In pratis apricis ad Panormum Sicilia / Maj. 1817 // "Orob. variegata Wallr. / det. Dr. G. Beck" // "Orobanche variegata Wallr. / rev. G. Domina / 05.02.2004" (PRC 454804)

= Orobanche condensata Moris, Stirp. Sard. Elench. 2: 8 (1828) (Bertoloni 1846: 433; Moris 1858-1859: 247; Beck 1890: 202, "1828"; Beck 1930: 289; Greuter & al. 1989: 265, "1828"; Domina & Mazzola 2007: 131, "1827"). Ind. loc.: "Habui ex Sardinia [Italy] ab Eq. Prof. Morisio" (Bertoloni 1846: 433); "Parasitica radicum Genistae corsicae [Genista corsica (Loisel.) DC.], Calycotomes villosae [Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link] aliarumque leguminosarum: S. Elia Cagliari [Sardegna, Italy / Italia / Italien]: Iglesias [Carbonia-Iglesias]: Insula S. Pietro: Arizzo" (Moris 1858-1859: 247). Ic.: Reichenbach f., 1862: 93, t. 213, f. I 1-9

? = Orobanche satyrus De Not., Repert. Fl. Ligust.: 305 (1844) (Beck 1890: 203; Greuter & al. 1989: 265). Syn.: Orobanche variegata var. satyrus (De Not.) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 478 (1902);  Orobanche variegata f. satyrus (De Not.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 203 (1890). Ind. loc.: "Genova nella valle della Polcevera [Liguria, Italy] (DNtrs.)" (Béguinot 1902: 478). Herbarium Specimen: P 04384675 [unconfirmed, in error for O. gracilis or O. rapum-genistae?]

? = Orobanche superba De Not., Prosp. Fl. Ligust.: 34 (1846) (Beck 1890: 202, "sec. Reuter"; Béguinot 1902: 478; Beck 1930: 289). Ind. loc.: Liguria, Italy / Italia / Italien. Herbarium specimen: "Portofino" (P 04384674 [unconfirmed, in error for O. gracilis?])

= Orobanche sicula Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 255 (1882 [1 Aug 1882]) (Beck 1890: 203; Greuter & al. 1989: 265). Syn.:  "Orobanche spartii f. ex Tin. in Herb."; Orobanche variegata f. sicula (Lojac.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 203 (1890). Ind. loc.: "In Silvaticis, Valdemone [Val Demòne / Val Demona, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien] (locus specialis non indicatus) Junio." (Domina & Mazzola 2007: 227). Obs. "Lectotype (here designated): PAL 43216" (Domina & Mazzola 2007: 227)

= Orobanche lutea (Biv.) Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 256 (1882 [1 Aug 1882]), non Orobanche lutea Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816). Syn.: Orobanche foetida var. lutea Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813). Ind. loc.: "In sylvaticis, in dumetis umbrosis nemorum. Ficuzza [Palermo Province, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien] alla macchia di Zingaro sulla via delle Quattro Finaite a sinistra salendo, rarissima. (Jun. 1878)". Obs. "Questa pianta riportata da Bivona sotto il nome di var. lutea, della O. Spartii, ha tutti i titoli per costituire una distinta specie ... che crediamo elevare questa pianta al rango di specie" (Lojacono 1882: 256). Neotype (here designated): PAL 56360 [Herbarium Mediterraneum Panormitanum / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / su Calycotome infesta / Ficuzza alla macchia di Zingaro (Palermo) / 26.05.2004 / leg. G. Domina.]" (Domina & Mazzola 2007: 232, loc. class. of Orobanche lutea Lojac.)

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= Orobanche foetida var. lutea Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813) ["β Lutea ... aliquando flavo"] (Gussone 1828-32: 183). Syn.: Orobanche lutea (Biv.) Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 256 (1882), non Orobanche lutea Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816); Orobanche spartii var. lutea (Biv.) Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32) (Beck 1890: 202, "Bivona Bern. Stirp. rar. Sic. Manip. 1"); Orobanche variegata f. lutea (Biv.) Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in montibus circa Panormum [Palermo / Palermu / Panormus, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien] ad radices Spartii. Perennis. Floret. Majo" (Bivona-Bernardi 1813: [16])

= Orobanche spartii var. rubra Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32)  ["b. rubra"]. Ind. loc.: "var. b. Nicosia [Nicosia / Nicusìa, Enna Province, Sicily, Italy], Terranova [Olbia / Tarranòa / Terranòa / Terranova Pausania, Gallura Sub-region, Sardinia, Italy]" (Gussone 1828-32: 183)

= Orobanche spartii var. lutea (Biv.) Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32)  ["c. lutea Biv. l.c."] (Beck 1890: 202, "Bivona Bern. Stirp. rar. Sic. Manip. 1"). Syn.: Orobanche foetida var. lutea Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813); Orobanche lutea (Biv.) Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 256 (1882), non Orobanche lutea Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816); = Orobanche variegata f. epixantha Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 202 (1890). Obs. "varietatem c. non vidi" (Gussone 1828-32: 183)

= Orobanche gracilis var. villosa Strobl, Flora 1885: 640 (1885) ["β. villosa mihi = Or. Spartii Guss. Pr., Syn. et Herb.!, non Vauch."] (Beck 1890: 202; Béguinot 1902: 478; Beck 1930: 289). Syn.: = Orobanche spartii sensu Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182[-183] (1828-32), non Orobanche du Spartium joncier Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 42 (1827) nec Orobanche spartii Vaucher ex Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32). Ind. loc.: "var. β. : An sonnigen, buschigen Rainen vor Finale [Finale di Pollina, Pollina, Palermo / Palermu / Panormus, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien]! April, Mai"

? = Orobanche variegata var. satyrus (De Not.) Bég. in Fiori & Paol., Fl. Italia 2: 478 (1902) ["β Satyrus (DNtrs.)"]. Syn.:  Orobanche satyrus De Not., Repert. Fl. Ligust.: 305 (1844). Obs. unconfirmed, in error for O. gracilis?

? = Orobanche variegata var. integrisepala Maire in Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22 [21]: no. 618 [12] (1929 [1930]) (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 696). Ind. loc.: "Hab. in Adenocarpo Boudyi [Adenocarpus boudyi Batt. & Maire] prope Ras-el-Ma Atlantis Medii [Sidi-Bel-Abbès, Algérie / Algeria / Argelia], ad alt. 1550 m.". Herbarium Specimens: Holotype: "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. integrisepala n. var. / Moyen Atlas: Azrou à Ras-el-Ma, / sur Adenocarpus Boudyi Maire [Adenocarpus boudyi Batt. & Maire]. 19-6-1923. / corolle rouge brillant int. jaune sale veiné de rou- / ge ext. stigmate jaune. / ... / Dr. R. Maire" (MPU 002113; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011 [since this colouring and morphology are frequent in O. gracilis, the specimens seem to correspond to it (incl. O. tetuanensis)]. "Lectotype (designated here): “Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. integrisepala n. var / Moyen Atlas; Agrau à Ras-el-Ma, sur Adenocarpus Boudyi Maire – 19-6-1923. / corolle rouge brilliant int., jaune sale veiné de rouge ext., stigmate jaune. / Dr. R. Maire” [manu Maire] (MPU-2113)." (Domina & al., 2013, according to these authors the specimens to correspond to O. variegata)

? = Orobanche variegata var. porphyrostigma Maire in Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22 [21]: no. 618 [12] (1929 [1930]). Syn.:  Orobanche variegata var. typica f. porphyrostigma (Maire) Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934). Ind. loc.: "Hab. in Erinacea Anthyllide: prope jugum Taghzeft Atlantis Medii [Taghzeft Pass / col du Taghzeft / Tizi-n-Taghzeft / Tizi-Taghzeft, Middle Atlas / Moyen Atlas, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos] ad alt. 2000 m (Humbert et Maire, 1923); in Cytiso Balansae [Cytisus balansae (Boiss.) Ball] in monte Moussa-ou-Salah [Jbel Moussa ou Salah, Bou Iblane range, Middle Atlas / Moyen Atlas, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos], ad alt. 2.600 mn (Emberger et Maire, 1927)". Herbarium Specimens: "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. porphyrostigma n. var. / Moyen Atlas: Tizi-n-Taghzeft, sur / Erinacea Anthyllis Link, 2100 m. / corolle rouge vernissée int. / gris-jaune lavée de rouge / ext. stigmate purpurin. / 1-7-1923 / Dr R. Maire (MPU 002114; type [in sched.] et sintype sec. M. Durand & C. Loup, 14.05.2004 [in sched.]); P 00083144; type [in sched.]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011 [the two specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Lectotype (designated here):Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. porphyrostigma n. var. / Moyen Atlas: Tizi-n. Taghzeft, sur Erinacea Anthyllis Link, 2100 m. / corolle rouge vernissée int., gris-jaune lavée de rouge ext., stigmate purpurin. / Dr. R. Maire” [manu Maire] MPU-2114; isolectotype: P-8314) (Domina & al. 2013, according to these authors the specimens to correspond to O. variegata). Obs. "A typo differet stigmate rubro nec flavo" (Maire 1930: [12])

? = Orobanche variegata var. nepae Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 23: 204 (1932). Ind. loc.: "MA. Mont Tazzeka [Tazzeka Mountains / Djebel Tazzeka / Jbel Tazzeka ["supra urbem Taza ... 1900 m"], Middle Atlas / Moyen Atlas, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos], sur Ulex (Nepa) Webbianus (Maire) [Ulex boivinii Webb; U. webbianus Coss.] ["die 18 junii 1925"]" (Jahandiez & Maire, 1934: 696). Herbarium Specimens: "Dr R. Maire. iter Maroccanum decimum / Université d Alger / 1925 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobranche Nepae n. sp. / corolla rubra vernicosa intus, extus lutescens / rubro-venosa; lobi corollini anteriores lutescentes rubrovenosi etiam in facie interna, stigma / ex atrorubente aurantiacum / In Atlantis Medii montibus supra urben / Taza: ad radices Ulicis Webbiani 1500 m / 18-6" (MPU 002985; holotype sec. Madaule, Durand & Loup, 17.06.2004, in sched.; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011 [specimen bad preserved, the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis), but needs be confirmed in further studies]) et (P 00083145; type [in sched.]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011 [specimen bad preserved]); "Lectotype (designated here): Dr R. Maire Iter Maroccanum Decimum, 1925 / “Orobanche Nepae n. sp. / corolla rubra vernicosa intus, extus lutescens rubro-venosa; lobi corollini anteriores lutescentes rubrovenosi etiam in facie interna, stigma ex atrorubente aurantiacum / in Atlantis Medii monti bus supra urben Taza: ad radices Ulicis webbiani, 1500 m / die 18 junii” [manu Maire] (MPU-2985; isolectotype: P-83145)" (Domina & al. 2013, according to these authors the specimens to correspond to O. variegata). Obs. "corolla rubra vernicosa intus, extus lutescens rubro-venosi ... stigma ex atrorubente aurantiacum" (Maire on MPU 002985, label)

= Orobanche variegata var. sicula (Lojac.) Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique Nord 26: 220 (1935). Syn.:  Orobanche sicula Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 255 (1882)

? = Orobanche variegata var. pseudosatyrus Maire in Emb. & Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 441 (1938). Ind. loc.: Ksiba, Souss-Massa-Draa, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos (Emberger, Jahandiez & Maire, 1941: 1130). Herbarium Specimens: "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XXVII / Université d Alger / 1936 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. pseudo. satyrus / Atlantis Medius: Tizi n. Ouria [Tizi-n-Ouria] supra / Ksiba ad radices Adenocarpi anagyri- / folii var. leiocarpi [Adenocarpus anagyrifolius var. leiocarpus Maire] solo calcareo 1600 m /. Stigma ex albido luteum corolla flavo- / brunnea extus, in tubo intus rubra. nitida 21-6[-1936]" (P 04363849 et MPU 021328; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XXVIII / Université d Alger / 1937 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. satyrus (De Not.) / (integrisepala) / In Quercetis Atlantis Medii ad Tizi-n / Ouria [Tizi-n-Ouria] supra Ksiba ad radices Adenocarpii / anagyrifolii [Adenocarpus anagyrifolius Coss. & Balansa]. Corolla ochracea ± rubro suffusa intus / stigma luteum, stylus purpureus / 9-4[-1937]" (P 04363848; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); Lectotype (designated here): Dr R. Maire iter Maroccanum XXVII, 1936 / “Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. pseudo-satyrus / Atlas Medius: Tizi n. Ooria supra Ksiba, ad radices Adenocarpi anagyrifolii var. leiocarpi, solo calcareo, 1600 m / stigma albido luteus corolla flavo-brunnea extus, in tubo intus rubra nitida / 21-6” [manu Maire] (MPU 21328; isolectotype: P 4363849) (Domina & al., 2013, according to these authors the specimens to correspond to O. gracilis).

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= Orobanche variegata f. amplisima Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 202 (1890) ["Formas... 3. (Orobanche) amplisima"]. Syn.: = Orobanche spartii sensu Rchb. f., 1862: 117, t. 218 f. 2 [yellow form]; = Orobanche condensata sensu Lojac., Crit. Orob.: 35 (1883)

= Orobanche variegata f. aterrima Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 202 (1890) ["Formas... 2. (Orobanche) aterrima"]. Ind. loc.: "Cum priore [typica]" (Beck 1930: 291)

? = Orobanche variegata f. bonensis Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 202 (1890) ["Formas... 5. (Orobanche) bonensis"]. Ind. loc.: Bone, Annaba Province, "Algeria"

= Orobanche variegata f. epixantha Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 202 (1890) ["Formas... 4. (Orobanche) epixantha"]. Syn.: = Orobanche lutea (Biv.) Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 256 (1882), non Orobanche lutea Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816); = Orobanche spartii var. lutea Biv. ex Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32). Obs. "Corolla lutea" (Beck 1890: 202; Beck 1930: 291)

= Orobanche variegata f. pachnodes Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 203 (1890) ["Formas... 8. (Orobanche) pachnodes"]. Ind. loc.: "Sicilia: prope Ficuzza [south of Palermo / Palermu / Panormus, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien] (leg. Lo Jacono)"

= Orobanche variegata f. sicula (Lojac.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 203 (1890) ["Formas... 6. (Orobanche) sicula Lo Jacono"]. Syn.:  Orobanche sicula Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 255 (1882); Orobanche variegata var. sicula (Lojac.) Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique Nord 26: 220 (1935)

? = Orobanche variegata f. satyrus (De Not.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 203 (1890) ["Formas... 7. (Orobanche) satyrus De Notaris"]. Syn.:  Orobanche satyrus De Not., Repert. Fl. Ligust.: 305 (1844)

= Orobanche variegata  var. typica f. lutea (Biv.) Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934). Syn.: Orobanche foetida var. lutea Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813). Obs. ? = O. variegata  var. typica f. lutea sensu Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934)

? = Orobanche variegata var. typica f. porphyrostigma (Maire) Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934). Syn.: Orobanche variegata var. porphyrostigma Maire in Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22 [21]: no. 618 [12] (1929 [1930])

? = Orobanche variegata var. integrisepala f. erythrostigma Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 22: 311 n. 1107 (1931) (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 696). Ind. loc.: "In atlante rifano [prope Bab-taza, Rif Mountains, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos]: in monte Khessana, ad radices Adenocarpi decorticantis Boiss ["Atlas rifain occidental: Mont Khessana, sur Adenocarpus decorticans Boiss., 1400-1600 m (Font-Quer et Maire, 1930)"]" (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 696, "Mont Khessana, sur Adenocarpus decorticans (Font-Quer et Maire)). Herbarium Specimens: Types: "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XX / 1930 / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. integrisepala Maire / f. erythrostigma Maire / In Atlante rifano: in monte Khessana [prope Bab-taza, Rif Mountains] / ad radices Adenocarpi decorticantis Boiss. / solo arenaceo, 1500-1600 m. / stigma rubrum.   die 23 junii" (MPU 002678 et MPU 002678 (b) holotype; RAB 033245; type; P 04021935; type)

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Misapplied names:

? – Catodiacrum variegatum sensu Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370[-371] (1867), non Catodiacrum variegatum (Wallr.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 370 (1867) (Dulac 1867: 370-371 [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]). Ind. loc.: "Bois, Buissons: Lesponne [Vallée de Lesponne, Hautes-Pyrénées / Nauts Pirenèus / Hauts Pirenèus, Languedoc-Roussillon, France] (Ph.). C" (Dulac 1867: 371, sub Catodiacrum variegatum [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]). Obs. "Cor. jaune à l'extérieur, pourprée à l'intérieur" (Dulac 1867: 371)

Orobanche condensata sensu Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 18 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]) [only Sardinian and Algerian records "in aridis insulae S.-Atioco (Muller! exsc. un. it.)" ... Algeriâ (Schimper! un. it. 1832 sub O. foetida); the rest unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]. Herbarium Specimens: "Orobanche condensata Moris / In collinis aridis insulae St. Antioco [Sant'Antioco / Sant'Antiògu, Carbonia-Iglesias Province, Sardinia, Italy] Majo / U.I. Müller. // ex herb. H. Van Heurck" (P 04384678; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Orobanche condensata Moris. / In collinis aridis insulae St. Antioco [Sant'Antioco / Sant'Antiògu, Carbonia-Iglesias Province (CI)] Majo / U.I. Müller." (P 04393732 - hb. Th. Delacour; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Orobanche condensata Moris! / Alger, in collibus ad rad. Calycotomis / spinosa [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link Spartium spinosum L.] !   mars 1844 / Reuter" (P 03428636 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014)

Orobanche foetida auct. pl., non Orobanche foetida Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 195[-196] (1789). Obs. e.g., lectotype: "O. foetida Prsl. sic. exsicc." (Reichenbach 1829: 38, t. 672 f. 904, "Hist. ... DCLXXII. 904 in Spartio in Sicilis cl. Presl. emarcida")

Orobanche foetida sensu Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813), non Orobanche foetida Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 195[-196] (1789). Syn.: Orobanche grandiflora C. Presl, Fl. Sicul. 1: 34[XXXIV] (1826) (Wallroth 1825: 41; Reuter 1847: 17; Beck 1890: 202; Beck 1930: 289; Domina & Arrigoni 2007: 133); = Orobanche spartii sensu Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32). Ind. loc.: "Habitat in montibus circa Panormum [Palermo / Palermu / Panormus, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien] ad radices Spartii. Perennis. Floret. Majo" (Presl 1826: 34[XXXIV], "Orobanche grandiflora C. Presl. / (O. foetida. Biv.)"). Obs. "colore saepius atro-purpureo" (Bivona-Bernardi 1813: [15])

Orobanche gracilis auct., non Orobanche gracilis Sm. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 172 (1798)

Orobanche lutea sensu Lojac. in Naturalista Sicil. 1: 256 (1882) ["Orobanche lutea Mihi ... M. Lojac. Contrib. Fl. Sic., ann. 1878"; Crit. Orob.: 38 (1883)], non Orobanche lutea Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816). Syn.: = Orobanche foetida var. lutea Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813) (Lojacono 1882: 256); = Orobanche spartii var. lutea (Biv.) Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32) (Lojacono 1882: 256). Ind. loc.: "In sylvaticis, in dumetis umbrosis nemorum. Ficuzza alla macchia di Zingaro sulla via delle Quattro Finaite a sinistra salendo [south of Palermo / Palermu / Panormus, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien], rarissima (Jun. 1878).". Obs. "Neotype (here designated): PAL 56360 [Herbarium Mediterraneum Panormitanum / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / su Calycotome infesta [Calicotome infesta (C. Presl) Guss. Spartium infestum C. Presl] / Ficuzza alla macchia di Zingaro (Palermo) / 26.05.2004 / leg. G. Domina.]" (Domina & Mazzola 2007: 232). "Note: This name has been attributed to yellowish individuals that occasionally occur within the Orobanche variegata Wallr. population" (Domina & Mazzola 2007: 232). Ic.: Reichenbach f., 1862: 117, t. 218 f. 2 ["optima!" (Lojacono 1882: 256)]; "Sizilien / Sicily Passo delle Pantanelle 31.3.98" (photo by Günther's, sub O. rapum-genistae [yellow form], accessed Sep 2011)

Orobanche purpurea Raf., Caratt.: 80 (1810), non Orobanche purpurea Jacq., Enum. Stirp. Vindob.: 108, 252 (1762) (Gussone 1828-32: 182; Reuter 1847: 17; Beck 1890: 202, "sec. Gussone"; Béguinot 1902: 478)

Orobanche spartii sensu Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182[-183] (1828-32), non Orobanche du Spartium joncier Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 42 (1827) nec Orobanche spartii Vaucher ex Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 182 (1828-32) (Tenore 1835-36: 43; Beck 1890: 202; Béguinot 1902: 478; Beck 1930: 289; Greuter & al. 1989: 265, "1828"; Foley 2001: 72; view IPNI entry). Syn.:Orobanche foetida sensu Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813), non Orobanche foetida Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 195[-196] (1789) (Gussone 1828-32: 182 "exclusis synonymis"; Reichenbach fil. 1862: 94); Orobanche purpurea Raf., Caratt.: 80 (1810), non Orobanche purpurea Jacq., Enum. Stirp. Vindob.: 108, 252 (1762) (Gussone 1828-32: 182; Reuter 1847: 17; Beck 1890: 202, "sec. Gussone"; Béguinot 1902: 478). Ind. loc. "Ad radices Spartii infesti [Calicotome infesta (C. Presl) Guss. Spartium infestum C. Presl], et S. juncei [Spartium junceum L.], nec non Cytisi triflori [Cytisus villosus Pourr. = C. triflorus L'Hér]; sat raro in illis Thymi capitati[?]; var. b. Nicosia [Nicosia / Nicusìa, Province of Enna, Sicily, Italy], Terranova [Olbia / Tarranòa / Terranòa / Terranova Pausania, Gallura Sub-region, Sardinia, Italy]" (Gussone 1828-32: 183). Ic.: Fl. Sicul. t. 313 (Gussone 1828-32: 182); Reichenbach fil. Icon. Fl. Germ. 20: 117, t. 218 f. 2 ["Nostra: Panormi (Palermo / Palermu / Panormus, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien) Todaro!". Herbarium Specimens: "Todaro Flora Sicula Exiccata / Orobanche Spartii Vauch. mon. p. 42 / ad radices Spartii juncei - Palermo. / Majo / n. 1156 Legit Todaro" P 04384683; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014; idem P 04384684 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014; "Herbarium R. Hort. Bot. Panormitani / Orobanche Spartii Vauch. / Palermo, ad radices Spartii juncei  / Aprili Legit Todaro" P 04410462; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014; "Plantae Siculae rariores / 361 Orobanche spartii Guss.Guss., Fl. Sicul. Syn. II p. 1138 (an Vaucher?) / ad radices Calycot. spinosae / In sylvaticis umbrosis / Ficuzza / Aprili 1880 Leg. M. Lojacomo" P 04384681 - hb. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014] (1862); Messina, Sicilia / Sicily / Sizilien, Italy / Italia / Italien (WU 0034312 - Kerner 34312); "nº 223 / Orobanche Spartii Guss! / je crois maintenant que les O. Spartii / et condensata ne sont que une seule et même espèce! / Alger in collibus / mars 1849 / Reuter" (P 03428638 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014). Obs. "corollae ... sordide purpureae in a. ... Affinis O. foetidae Poir. ac Desf. ..." (Gussone 1828-32: 183)

Orobanche spartii sensu Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 17 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]), non Orobanche du Spartium joncier Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 42 (1827) [only Sicilian records "(Siciliâ (Guss.! Splitg.!)"; the rest unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]

Orobanche speciosa Moris, Stirp. Sard. Elench. 1: 35 (1827), non Orobanche speciosa DC. in Lam. & DC., Fl. Franç. ed. 3, 5: 393 (1815) (Bertoloni 1846: 433; Moris 1858-1859: 247)

? – Orobanche variegata sensu Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 38, t. 671 f. 903 (1829). Ind. loc.: "Hist. 903 Innsbruck [Tyrol, Austria] Heynhold" [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]. Obs. vide Reuter 1847: 17, sub O. variegata, "Germaniâ australi prope Inspruch (Rchb.)"

? – Orobanche variegata sensu Rchb. fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 93, t. 160 (1862 [22 Dec 1862]) [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]

? – Orobanche variegata sensu Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 17 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]) [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]

? – Orobanche variegata var. sicula sensu Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique Nord 26: 220 (1935), non Orobanche variegata var. sicula (Lojac.) Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique Nord 26: 220 (1935). Ind. loc.: "Algérie: Oran à Canastel [Oran Province, Algérie / Algeria / Argelia] sur Calycotome intermedia. Maroc: embouchure du Sous [Sous / Souss / Tamazirt n Sus, Souss-Massa-Draa, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos], sur Ononis Natrix L. var. Reesei Sirj.". Herbarium Specimen: "Dr R. Maire - iter Maroccanum XXVIII / 1937 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. sicula (Loj.) Beck pro forma / Ad radices Cytisi Segonnei Maire [Adenocarpus segonnei Maire; Cytisus segonnei (Maire) Maire; Genista segonnei (Maire) P.E. Gibbs] in / Anti Atlas valle Ammeln [Ammeln Valley, Souss-Massa-Draa, Morocco] supra Igardan / 1000 m / ... / 27.3[1937]" (P 04363850; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)])

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? Orobanche condensata [f.] variegata sensu Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 660 (1890) [nom. illeg.], non Orobanche condensata [f.] variegata (Wallr.) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 660 (1890). Ind. loc.: "Algérie (Mutel), Maroc, Région médit.". Obs. "jaunâtre extériurement, d'un pourpre foncé et doré à l'intérieur... style jaune" (Battandier 1890: 660 [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis saltem p.p.])

? Orobanche condensata [f.] spartii sensu Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 660 (1890), non Orobanche condensata [f.] spartii (Vaucher ex Guss.) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 660 (1890) nec Orobanche du Spartium joncier Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 42 (1827). Ind. loc.: "Bône (Mutel)" [Bone, Annaba Province, Algeria / Argelia]

? Orobanche variegata var. typica f. lutea sensu Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934), non Orobanche variegata var. typica f. lutea (Biv.) Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 696 (1934) nec Orobanche foetida var. lutea Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicilia 1: [15] (1813). Ind. loc.: "MA. Mont Taghzeft [Taghzeft Pass / col du Taghzeft / Tizi n'Tarhzeft / Tizi-Taghzeft, Middle Atlas / Moyen Atlas, Morocco / Maroc / Marruecos], sur Erinacea (Maire)" (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 696)

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Ind. loc.: "ad Spartii scoparii [Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link (1822); Spartium scoparius L. (1753); = Sarothamnus vulgaris Wimm.] radices in Sicilia [Sicilia / Sicily, Italy / Italia]. Majo" (Wallroth 1825: 41).

Lectotypus / Lectotype: "Lectotype ... In Spartio. E. Sicilia, 1820[?], Presl s.n. (LE!) // herb. Martens. Orobanche foetida Desf. In Spartio. Maj. E. Sicilia, Presl 1820[?] // herb. Martens. Orobanche variegata mihi. Cum..." (Reichenbach 1829: 38, t. 672 f. 904, "Hist. ... DCLXXII. 904 in Spartio in Sicilis cl. Presl. emarcida"; Beck 1890: 202, "vidi orig. in herb. Petrop."; Foley 2001: 232-233).

Designated by: M.J.Y. Foley in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 58: 232-233 (2001).

Host: only on shrub species of Leguminosae [Fabaceae] (Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009):

Calicotome infesta (C. Presl) Guss. [ Spartium infestum C. Presl; Cytisus infestus (C. Presl) Guss.; Genista infesta (C. Presl) G. Don] (Sicily [WU 34311 - Kerner 00040; Domina & Mazzola 2007: 232, sub O. lutea Lojac.]. Gussone 1828-32: 183; Beck 1890: 208, "sec. Moris"; Beck 1930: 290, "sec. Moris").

Calicotome intermedia C. Presl [ Calicotome infesta subsp. intermedia (C. Presl) Greuter; Cytisus infestus subsp. intermedius (C. Presl) Cristof. & Troìa] (Algeria [P 02983098, P 03428635 - hb. W. de Schoenefeld 589, P 04410488 et P 02977787], Tunisia [Bonnet 1896: 325, sub O. condensata]. Reichenbach fil. 1862: 94; Beck 1890: 208; Beck 1930: 290, "sec. Reichenbach f.").

Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link [ Spartium spinosum L.] (Algeria [P 02978299; P 03428627; P 02978303; P 02978379], Tunisia [Bonnet 1896: 325, sub O. condensata; P 04410518 - hb. Faurel 1932]. Beck 1890: 208, "!"; Beck 1930: 290, "!"; Pujadas 2007: 212, "1880, Lojacomo (WU)").

Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link [ Spartium villosum Poir.; = Cytisus lanigerus (Desf.) DC.; = Spartium lanigerum Desf. (Algeria [P 02978380.jpg; P 03428628 - hb. E. Cosson]. Sardinia [Moris 1858-1859: 247]. Beck 1890: 208, "sec. Moris"; Beck 1930: 290, "sec. Moris"; Foley 2001: 72; Domina & Mazzola 2007: 227; Domina & Arrigoni 2007: 133).

Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link subsp. scoparius [ Spartium scoparium L.; Sarothamnus scoparius (L.) W.D.J. Koch; Genista scoparia (L.) Lam.; = Sarothamnus vulgaris Wimm.] (Sicily [Wallroth 1825: 41]; Beck 1890: 203).

Cytisus villosus Pourr. [= Cytisus triflorus L'Hér.; = Genista triflora Rouy] (Sicily [WU 0034312 - Kerner 34312]. Gussone 1828-32: 183; Domina & Arrigoni 2007: 133).

Genista corsica (Loisel.) DC. [ Spartium corsicum Loisel.] (Sardinia [Moris 1858-1859: 247; Beck 1930: 290, "sec. Moris"] unconfirmed).

Genista valsecchiae Brullo & G. De Marco (Domina & Arrigoni 2007: 133).

Spartium junceum L. [ Genista juncea (L.) Scop.] (Gussone 1828-32: 183; Reichenbach fil. 1862: 93; Beck 1890: 208; Foley 2001: 72; Domina & Mazzola 2007: 227).

Comments:

Taxonomic observations: "After carefully reviewing its protologue and lectotype, it is concluded that Orobanche foetida Poir. (1789) is an earlier synonym of Orobanche variegata Wallr. (1825) and cannot be used for the western Mediterranean species to which in recent times it has been generally applied. Unless the conservation of that concept of the binomen Orobanche foetida is proposed and approved, that Iberian and North African plant must be called Orobanche hookeriana Ball." (Carlón & al., 2015: 128-134).

Morphological observations: "Ut ut proxima Orobanchidi cruentae nostrae differet tamen squamis caulinis imimi latioribus, corolla saturatius sanguinea, lobis labii inferioris acutiusculis, filamentis inferme latere interno puberulis, non hirsutis, reliqua parte glabris..." (Bertoloni 1846: 434, sub O. condensata). "Comparaison entre Orobanche gracilis et O. variegata... " (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 39).

Chromosomatic number: n = 38 (Weber, 1976).

Ic.: a, WU 0034612 - Kerner 34612 [Kerner 41] (Messina, Sicilia, Italy; accessed Feb 2009); b, Reichenbach f., 1862: 93, t. 213, f. I 1-9 (sub O. condensata Mor.); c, Reichenbach f., 1862: 117, t. 218 f. 2 (sub O. spartii, yellow form); d, Foley in Paiva & al., Fl. iber. 14, Supl. fot.: 25, phot. 36 ["Sicilia, Italia"] (2001); e, "Sizilien / Sicily Passo delle Pantanelle 31.3.98" (photo by Günther's; accessed Sep 2011); f, "Sizilien / Sicily Passo delle Pantanelle 31.3.98" (photo by Günther's, sub O. rapum-genistae [yellow form]; accessed Sep 2011); g, "Università degli Studi di Trieste / picture by Antonio Speranza / Monte Altesina, EN, Sicilia, Italia" (photos 8247 by 2011 Dryades / KeyToNature; accessed Sep 2011); h, "Isola di S. Pietro [San Pietro Island / Isola di San Pietro, Sardinia, Italy]" (photos by Dan73; accessed Sep 2011); "Calasetta - Sant'Antioco Island [Sardinia, Italy]" (photo 1 and 2 by M.P. Tauriello; accessed Sep 2011).

Distribution: Algeria, Austria [reported in error], Croatia [reported in error], France [reported in error], Germany [reported in error], Italy (only Sardinia and Sicily), Macedonia [reported in error], Morocco?, Portugal [reported in error], Serbia [reported in error], Spain [reported in error], Tunisia.

Distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube 2010); "G. Léothard (in litt.) pense que cette espèce a souvent éte confondue avec O. gracilis et que son aire de répartition est beaucoup plus restreinte" (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 81). Iberian Peninsula distribution [in our opinion, it does not occur in the Iberian Peninsula, the old records seem to be wrong since this species has often been confused with some forms of O. gracilis and O. austrohispanica (Foley 2001b: 72)]. Orobanche variegata is considered as a valid species very closely allied to Orobanche gracilis and Orobanche foetida (although the differences between these species can not always be easily expressed). In the literature it has widely been confused with Orobanche gracilis and Orobanche foetida. Further studies seem to be necessary in order to clarify the distribution of this taxon.

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Algeria / الجزائر‎  / Argelia / Algérie / Algerien (Reuter 1847: 18, sub O. condensata; Beck 1890: 203, sub O. variegata; Debeaux 1894: 280, sub O. condensata; Bonnet 1896: 325, sub O. condensata; Beck 1930: 290, sub O. variegata; Greuter & al. 1989: 265, "Ag"; K 000425209 et K 000425208 [!, Algeria or Sardinia? ("Orobanche condensata / Moris ... / O. speciosa Mor. ... / Sardinia / Moris misit / Januar 1829")], Kew et Jstor.org, accessed Sep 2011; P 03428638 - hb. E. Cosson, n.º 427; sub O. rapum-genistae, photo et sub O. variegata, photo in Algeria Native Plants, accessed Feb 2013).

Algiers / Alger Wilaya: 1. "Orobanche foetida Desf. / (in Spartio spinoso L. [Spartium spinosum L.; Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link]) / Unio itineraria.   In collibus. / 1832. W. Schimper.    Algier [Algiers]; Aprili.". – 2. "1833 W. Schimper 1832 / J. Hennecart / Orobanche foetida Desf. DC. Pr. 11. / Alger" (MNHN-P-P02978299 - P 02978299.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Orobanche foetida Desf. / (in Spartio spinoso L. [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link]) / Unio itineraria.   In collibus. / 1832. W. Schimper.    Algier; Aprili." (P 03428627; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct. 2014 [cf.]); "Algeria: In collibus Algier. Aprili. In Spartio spinoso [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link]. Schimper!" (K 000425199 et 425202; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011 [the specimens K 000425199 and K 000425202 were labelled incorrectly, these are not from Tanger (Morocco) like the K 00045200 which seems to be from that city (vide Orobanche densiflora)]); "Herbier de Mauritanie / Orobanche foetida, Desf. / Alger. Lieux boisés près de la Maison-Carrée [El-Harrach] / N. Bové.   Avril 1837" (P 02978295; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "n 141 Orobanche foetida / [Alger?] / parasite sur les racines / du Spartium spinosum et / d'un medicago / mars et avril 1838 // Herbier de Mauritanie / N. Bové., 1838 // Alger (Bové) / Herbier de la Commision scientifique de l'Algérie, / recueilli par les soins de M. Durieu, 1840-1844" (P 02978303; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014 [see O. foetida]); "nº. 1C / Alger. Très commum sur le / Cytisus spinosus [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link] / 6 février 1840" (P 02978379; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "nº. 1C / Orobanche condensata Moris / Foetida Desf. / Odor gravis spermatius. / Alger. Très commum sur le / Cytisus spinosus [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link] / 6 février 1840" (P 03428421 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014 [the sheet contains two different species. One of them is the O. foetida (only one specimen on the right-hand of the sheet) and the rest (on the left-hand) seems to correspond to O. variegata]); "Orobanche foetida Desf. / Sur le Cytisus spinosus [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link] / Alger 24 février 1840" (P 02978364; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Nº ... / Orobanche condensata Moris. / ... / Alg. in collib. propè Mustapha [Sidi M'Hamed] ad / radices Cytisi spinosum [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link] / 27 febr. 1840" (P 03428631 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Orobanche foetida Desf. / Orobanche condensata Moris. / Alger. c. sur le Cytisus / spinosus [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link] 27 février 1840" (P 02978297; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Route du Bouzareah (nord-Est) Alger / 20 mars 1840 // Algérie. Ravevgie" (P 02978372; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Orobanche condensata Moris! / Alger, in collibus ad rad. Calycotomis / spinosa [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link] !   mars 1844 / Reuter" (P 03428636 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "nº 223 / Orobanche Spartii Guss! / je crois maintenant que les O. Spartii / et condensata ne sont que une seule et même espèce! / Alger in collibus / mars 1849 / Reuter" (P 03428638 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "946 / Orobanche condensata, Moris. / (Durieu) / Broussailles prés le Fort de l'Eau [Bordj El Kiffan] / 20 mars 1851 / elle vient pour touffes de 20 à 30 tiges" (P 03428632 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "– Alger Boissier et Reuter! – ..." (Reichenbach fil., 1862: 94, sub O. condensata); "J. Lefebvre / Brounailles de La ... / 16 mars 1861 [?] (Algérie) // prov. d'Alger (Algérie) / J. Lefebvre 186." (P 03428626 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "M. Gandoger. Flora Algeriensis exsiccata. / 363. Orobanche foetida Desf. var. / ... / Hab. in ditione urbis Alger, loco dicto Birmandreis [Bir Mourad Raïs] / ad radices Rubi rarior / Legi ipse: 21.3.1879 / ..." (P 03428625 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [only the two specimens close to their label]); "Herbier A. de Vésian / Orobanche foetida Desf. / Maison carree [El-Harrach] pr. Alger février 1881" (P 02978307 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Africa boreali: Algeria (... Algier ...)" (Beck 1890: 203, sub O. variegata; Beck 1930: 290, sub O. variegata); "Herbier L. Chevallier Précigné (Sarthe) / Orobanche condensata Moris. / (sur Calicotome spinosa) / Algérie: La Maison-Carrée [El-Harrach], bois / de Eucalytus / 8-4-1893 Legi L. Chevallier" (P 02986968; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Algèrie" (Bonnet 1896: 325, sub O. condensata); "H. Humbert - Plantas d'Algérie - 1924 / Orobanche variegata / Environs d'Alger La Reghaïa [Algiers] / 8 Avril Leg. H. Humbert" (P 02986936; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011); "Algérie / Orobanche variegata / Barrage de Hamiz [Oued el Hamiz, Algiers] / vidit R. Maire 24 Mars 1931" (P 02983085 - hb. Gombault; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Algérie. Départ, d'Alger / env. de Pointe-Pescade [Raïs Hamidou] / Maquis / alt. 300 m / Avril Mai 1951 / Sur Calicotome spinosa" (CLF 170327; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018).

Annaba Wilaya: "[Herbier de la Commission scientifique de l'Algérie, / recueilli par les soins de M. Durieu, 1840-1844 (?)] nº 1 / ... / Bône [Annaba / Bona]. Sur le Cytisus lanigerus [C. lanigerus (Desf.) DC.; = Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link; = Spartium villosum Poir.] / 2 mars 1841" (MNHN-P-P02978380 - P 02978380.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "[Herbier de la Commission scientifique de l'Algérie, / recueilli par les soins de M. Durieu, 1840-1844 (?)] Variation à fleurs d'un rouge / vineux clairs. Ce pied était distant / ...  de plus de 6 metres! de l'individu / de Cytisus lanigerus [Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link] dont la racine / le nourrissant / Algérie. Foret du Tonga, dans le / Cercle de La Calle [El Kala / Ehl'-Kaly] / 16 mars 1841" (P 02978377; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Nº 1A / Orobanche foetida Desf. / -- an auct.? / La Calle [El Kala / Ehl'-Kaly], 30 mars 1841. CC / parasit... Cytisus lanigerus [Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link]" (P 03428422 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "[Herbier de la Commission scientifique de l'Algérie, / recueilli par les soins de M. Durieu, 1840-1844 (?)] Nº 1B / Orobanche foetida Desf. / ... / La Calle [El Kala / Ehl'-Kaly] ... sur le Cytisus lanigerus [Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link] / 11 avril 1841" (P 03428628 - hb. E. Cosson, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "1146. Orobanche foetida / sur le Cytisus lanigerus [Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link] / M. Rainer" (P 02978387; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Bône (Mutel)" (Battandier, 1890: 660, sub O. condensata [f.] spartii (Vaucher ex Guss.) Batt.); "Africa boreali: Algeria (Bone...)" (Beck, 1890: 203, sub O. variegata); "Afrika. Algerien!: Bone [Annaba]" (Beck, 1930: 290, loc. class. of O. variegata f. bonensis Beck).

Batna Wilaya: "Orobanche condensata, Moris. / Lambèse, cercle de Batna, province / de Constantine, Algérie. / E. Cosson, 20 Mai 1853." (P 03428637 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014).

Batna-Khenchela (Constantine Province): "Orobanche condensata, Moris. / (stigma luteo) / vallée de Médina [Médina] / Monts Aures [Aurès / Awras /  Aurés / Orés], province de Constantine / Algérie.  E. Cosson, 9 Juin 1853" (P 03428633 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Africa boreali: Algeria (... Constantine ...)" (Beck, 1890: 203, sub O. variegata; Beck, 1930: 290, sub O. variegata).

Béjaïa Wilaya: "(Sur un carduus à fleurs jaunes) / Col de Chellata / Dépat. d'Algers / 27 Juin 1871 / ..." (P 03428422 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014).

Blida Wilaya: "Dr R. Maire. Itenera Algerica / Université d Alger / 1937 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. bonensis / Ad radices Coronilla junceae L. [Coronilla juncea L.] / supra fauces fluminis Chiffa [Annaba / Bône] / stylus purpureus / stigma luteum  9-5[-1937]" (P 04363847, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. foetida]); "Oued el Kebir, bei Blida, 30.iii.1904, Dr. Kuegler (JE) [ut f. bonensis Beck]" (Pujadas 2007: 212, sub O. variegata).

Bouira Wilaya: "956 Orobanche condensata Moris. / stigmate orangé / Sous les genets du versant Sud du Mazouz / Env. d'Aumale, Algérie / 4 mars 1866 / Alcide Charey, / Envai de 1868" (P 03428631 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014).

Chlef Wilaya [unconfirmed]: "Algérie (Mutel) ... La planta qui pousse sur le Calycotome intermedia dans le Dahra [Chlef Province] en est au moins bien voisine" (Battandier, 1890: 660, sub O. condensata [f.] variegata (Wallr.) Batt.).

Constantine Wilaya: "Orobanche foetida Desf. / Constantine 1868 / Coste 1869" (P 02978381 - hb. Grenier; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Orobanche / Massif du Chettaba, prov. / de Constantine / Algérie. / El Cheboud [?], mai 1878." (P 03428637 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014).

El Taref / El-Tarf Wilaya: lac Noir 2 / El Tarf [El Taref] / 1993-03-30 / sub O. variegata (photo 010_39 in herbier de Gérard de Belair, accessed Oct 2014).

Mostaganem Wilaya [unconfirmed]: "B. Balansa, Pl. d'Algérie, 1851 / 58. Orobanche condensata, Moris. / Mostaganem. Parasite sur le Calycotome intermedia [Calicotome intermedia C. Presl] / 12 Avril" (P 02983098, P 03428635 - hb. W. de Schoenefeld 589, P 04410488 et P 02977787; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the sheets need to be confirmed, the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Mostaganem. Parasite sur le Calycotome intermedia 12 Avril. Balansa 58! (Octo specimina)" (Reichenbach fil. 1862: 94, sub O. condensata); "Africa boreali: Algeria (... Mostaganem ...)" (Beck 1890: 203, sub O. variegata; Beck 1930: 290, sub O. variegata, 292, "Balansa, Pl. d'Algérie (1851) n. 58!"); "Herbier de Ch. d'Alleizette / ... / Orobanche condensata Moris / ... / Afr. Septle. ... (sur le Calycotome spinosa) / Mostaganem - Mai 1911" (P 03428634; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]).

M'Sila Wilaya: "Orobanche rapum ? condensata Moris / Im quercetis vallís El Nadja [Berhoun / Souk Ouled Nadja?] / 21 maio 1886 / A. Letourneux" (P 03428642 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [only one specimen close to its label]); "Université d Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche condensata Moris / sur Erinacea Anthyllis [Erinacea anthyllis Link] A Monts de Bou-Saada [Bou-Saâda], vallée de / l'Oued Guina entre le Dj. Tsegna [Djebel Tsegna] et le / Dj. Es-Serdj [Djebel Es Serdj]. 21.5.1921 Dr. R. Maire" (P 04363431; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014).

Oran Wilaya: "Orobanche foetida Desf. / Oran. sur le Cytisus calptrates[?] / 9 mars [18]42 // Herbier de la Commission scientifique de l'Algérie, / recueilli par les soins de M. Durieu, 1840-1844" (P 02978305; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Africa boreali: Algeria (... Oran ...)" (Beck, 1890: 203, sub O. variegata; Beck, 1930: 290, sub O. variegata); "Ch. d'Alleizette / Plantes d'Algérie / Orobanche condensata Moris / Oran Avril 1914" (P 04410494; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [undeterminable]); "Ch. d'Alleizette / Plantes d'Algérie / Orobanche condensata Moris / Sur les ... / Oran Avril 1914" (P 04243514 - hb. Cadomense; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014; "Herbier A. Faure / Plantes d'Algerie / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / Oran, à Santa Cruz / Lieu rocailleux / 2. 3. 1937 / Legit A. Faure" (P 02983084; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Société Française 1929 / Exsicc. Ch. Duffour / 5955.- Orobanche variegata Wallr. / Dépt d'Oran: Oran, bois des Planteurs, sur Calycotome / intermedia L. / 20 mars 1929  R. Le Cesve" (P 03810684 et P 04410511; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l., except only one specimen with corolla not deep red inside]); idem (P 04243509; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]).

Skikda Wilaya: "Orobanche foetida Desf. / Philippeville [province de Constantine] ... / 1840" (P 02978371; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Orobanche condensata Moris. / Philippeville / province de Constantine, Algérie / E. Cosson, 11 Mai 1853." (P 03428636 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Orobanche condensata Moris / Lieux incultes au bord de la / mer près de Stora [Skikda District] 15 mars 1858" (P 03428626 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Herbier L. Faurel / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / (O. condensata Moris) / var. variegata / (= var. typica G. Beck) / Subéraie, près de Bessombourg, / vers 500-600 mètres. / Kabylie de Collo. / 19 mai 1944" (P 04410515; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014).

Sidi-Bel-Abbès Wilaya [unconfirmed]: "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. integrisepala n. var. / Moyen Atlas: Azrou à Ras-el-Ma, / sur Adenocarpus Boudyi Maire [Adenocarpus boudyi Batt. & Maire]. 19-6-1923. / corolle rouge brillant int. jaune sale veiné de rou- / ge ext. stigmate jaune. / ... / Dr. R. Maire" (MPU 002113, holotypus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]; "Hab. in Adenocarpo Boudyi prope Ras-el-Ma Atlantis Medii [Sidi-Bel-Abbès], ad alt. 1550 m." (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 696, O. variegata var. integrisepala Maire).

Souk Ahras Wilaya: "In sylva Bou-Meeran apud / Ouled-Dhia [Hanancha, Souk Ahras?] / 29-30 Mars 1885 [Leg. A. Letourneux]" (P 03428625 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [cf.]); djebel Kelaia / Souk Ahras / 2012-04-27 / sub O. rapum-genistae (ph010_38.jpg in herbier de Gérard de Belair, accessed et rev. Oct 2014).

Tizi Ouzou Wilaya: "Orobanche / Broussailles de la Vallée de Dra / el Mizan [Draâ El Mizan] / Thévenon" (P 03428629 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); idem (P 03428638 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Draâ El Mizan (Thév)" (Debeaux 1894: 280, sub O. condensata); "(Sur le ciste) / Route de Tirourda (en sortant / de Fort National [Larbaâ Nath Irathen]) / Dép. d'Alger / 25 Juin 1875 / Al. D." (P 02983103 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2013).

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Austria / Österreich / Autriche [unconfirmed (Beck 1890: 203, "omnes stationes alterae (... Austria etc.) falsae sunt"; Uhlich & al. 1995: 160)]

Tyrol / Tirol [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]: "Hist. 903 Innsbruck Heynhold" ["Orobanche variegata Wallr. Auf Sarothamnus (Genista) scoparius; bei Innsbruck (Heynhold in Reichenb. fl. exc. p. 354)]" (Reichenbach 1829: 38, t. 671 f. 903); "Germaniâ australi prope Inspruch (Rchb.)" (Reuter 1847: 17, sub O. variegata).

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Croatia / Hrvatska / Croacia / Kroatien / Croatie [unconfirmed (Beck 1890: 203, sub O. variegata; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. variegata, "S. Jugoslavia requires confirmation"; Uhlich & al. 1995: 160]

Primorje-Gorski Kotar County / Primorsko-goranska županija: "omnes stationes alterae (Istria [Fiume] ... ) falsae sunt" (Beck 1890: 203, sub O. variegata); "nur Fiume = Rijeka (leg. Noël 1837 Hal), von Beck, (1930) angezweifelt" (Uhlich & al. 1995: 160).

Zadar County / Zadarska županija: "National park Paklenica, oak and hornbeam forest", May 23, 2014 (Project Noah 345176004 by Jopy, sub O. variegata; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis]).

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France / Francia / Frankreich [unconfirmed (Reichenbach 1829: 38 "Gallia"; Reuter 1847: 17, sub O. variegata, "In radicibus Sarothamni scopariae (Mut.) et Genista cinereae (Reut.) parasitica, in Galliâ Australi et Occidentali, in Pyrenaes (Benth.), Corsicâ..."; Reichenbach f. 1862: 93, t. 160 [sub O. variegata, unconfirmed (some or all of these records may be confused with O. gracilis)], "In siccis Pedemontii Tendam [Col de Tende / Colle di Tenda, France-Italy] inter et Lupega, forte in Genista cinerea. Rchb. fil. 23. Juli 1843! „Je l'ai trouvée en grande abondance sur la route de Nice à Tenda [Col de Tende / Colle di Tenda, France-Italy] entre l'Escarelle [L'Escarène, Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur] et Sospello, et entre Sospello [Sospel, Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur] et la Gondouillet" Vaucher l.c.  / Ad manus sunt specimina herbarii ill. Grenier: Sur le Cytisus sessifolius à Puy-Mone près Gap: Blanc! Sur les racines de la Genista juncea, lieux secs et monteux. Garlabon jusqu' à Marseille Roux! Sur le Cytisus sessilifolius — Digne Loret! Sur le Coronilla juncea (rare) lieux secs et élevés à St. Trone (sic?) Marseille Roux! Fréjus Perreymond! / Exstant ibi specimina singularia, deflorata in Foeniculo lecta: Villefranche Loret!"; Beck 1890: 203, "Gallia australi: Provence, Toulon"; Bonnier & Douin, 1911-1935 [1990]: pl. 465 f. 2154, sub "Orobanche variegata sur (Genista cinerea)" [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]; Beck, 1930: 290, "Südfrankreich: ! in der Provence; Dep. Var (bei Toulon, Roquebrune!); Dep. Alpes maritimes, bei Nice!; an Abhängen des Berges Grammont ad Castellar c. 1300 m im Juli (K.H. Rechinger!); Dep. Pyrénées Orient. Perpignan!"; Chater & Webb, 1972: 293, "Ga"; Greuter & al., 1989: 265, "Ga"; Aeschimann & al., 2004: 296-297 f. 116.1.25 [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]; Habashi & Jeanmonod, 2008: 81)]

Champagne-Ardenne [unconfirmed]

Marne (51): "Orobanche variegata Wallr. / ... / paraite = Coronilla / Juin 1997 / 51300 Couvrot / Coll: A. Viel-Cazal" (P 04394756; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. caryophyllacea]).

Corse / Córcega [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. rapum-genistae et O. gracilis]

(Beck 1930: 290, "Italien! ... Corsica! Monté di Ghisone au Col de Sorba, Calcatoggio bei Cargese, im Juni (Burnat, Cavillier, Abrezol!)"; Chater & Webb, 1972: 293, "Co"; Pignatti, 1982: 616; Greuter & al., 1989: 265, "Co"; Habashi & Jeanmonod, 2008: 63 "[O. rapum-genistae] confusions avec O. variegata", 81-82 "O. variegata doit être considéré comme totalement absent de Corse").

Languedoc-Roussillon [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]

Hautes-Pyrénées / Nauts Pirenèus / Hauts Pirenèus: "Bois, Buissons: Lesponne (Ph.). C" (Dulac 1867: 371, sub Catodiacrum variegatum [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]).

Pyrénées-Orientales / Eastern Pyrenees / Pirineus Orientals / Pirenèus Orientals / Pirineos Orientales: "Pyrénées-Orientales (Benth.)" (Grenier, 1853: 631); "Sur les Sarothamnus scoparius et purgans, Spartium junceum: Albères et vallée de l'Agly à la montagne de Laroque, Port-Vendres, Banyuls, etc.; Tautavel, etc.; Cerdagne au val d'Eyne (Loret), etc." (Gautier 1897: 336, sub O. variegata).

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur [unconfirmed] (Habashi & Jeanmonod, 2008: 81)

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (04): (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 296); "Rocher, sentier de Palabionsa Mgne de Reynier", 1998-6-21, Amat, R. (AIX 021122 - Gbif 731859449; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020 [in error for O. gracilis]).

Alpes-Maritimes (06): "06" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 296); Habashi & Jeanmonod, 2008: 81, "G. Léothard (in litt.) pense que cette espèce a souvent éte confondue avec O. gracilis et que son aire de répartition est beaucoup plus restreinte. Il se base notamment sur l'examen des plantes des Alpes-Maritimes, récoltées et déterminées por Burnat sous ce nom, mais qui, selon Léothard, s'avèrent être O. gracilis").

Bouches-du-Rhône (13): "Marseil. [Marseille]" (Nyman 1881: 558, sub O. variegata); "Orobanche variegata Wallr / Sur les racines de la Genista juncea [Spartium junceum L.] / ...; Garlaban / 11 Juin 1854 - Marseille / H. Roux" (P 04385052; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis]).

Hautes-Alpes (05): "05" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 296).

Var (83) [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]: "Orobanche foetida / ... / Fréjus / Perreymond 1846" (P 04385050 - hb. Grenier; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis]); "la Provence, Fréjus ! (Perreymond)" (Grenier 1853: 631); "Orobanche variegata / Sur le Dorycnium suffruticosum ... / Plau d'Aigne, près de la La Roquebrussanne[?] / (Var) / legi 4 Jun 1864 Schultz" (P 04395317 et P 04395318; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis]); "Flora selecta exsiccata / Publié par Ch. Magnier / 1262.– Orobanche variegata  Wallr. ... / Var: La Farlède, su le Coronilla juncea L. / 17 avril 1885  A. Albert." (P 04385047; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis); "...Orobanche variegata / Roquebrune (Var) / fin mai 1904" (P 04405541 - hb. C. Bertrand et P 04405890; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, on Dorycnium]); "83" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 296).

Vaucluse (84): "84" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 296).

Rhône-Alpes [unconfirmed]

Drôme (26): "Orobanche variegata Wallr / Leg. F.M. Muller No.: 3375 / Dat.: 18-V-1955 / ... Grenoble, Isère" (Gbif 2514618569 - L 2816735; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis]); "26" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 296).

Unknown location: "Herbier de la Flore Française (Bot. Gall.) / donné par au Muséum par A. P. De Candolle. 1822. // Orobanche foetida B.A. / Coillouteus" (P 04385049; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis]).

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Germany / Deutschland / Alemania / Allemagne [unconfirmed]

 Tyrol / Tirol [unconfirmed, probably in error for O. gracilis]: "Hist. 903 Innsbruck Heynhold" ["Orobanche variegata Wallr. Auf Sarothamnus (Genista) scoparius; bei Innsbruck (Heynhold in Reichenb. fl. exc. p. 354)" (Reichenbach 1829: 38, t. 671 f. 903); "Germaniâ australi prope Inspruch (Rchb.)" (Reuter 1847: 17, sub O. variegata).

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Italy / Italia / Italien [Italian mainland distribution needs to be revised (Reichenbach 1829: 38 "in Sicilia (absque dubio in Italia)"; Bertoloni 1846: 433; Reuter 1847: 17, sub O. variegata, sub O. spartii, sub O. condensata; Beck 1890: 203, "Italia: Liguria, Neapel, Calabria, Sardinia (St. Antioco etc.), Sicilia (Messina, Palermo, Ficuzza, Finale), Nebrodes, Lipari"; Bonnet 1896: 325, sub O. condensata, "Italie méridionale"; Béguinot 1902: 478, sub O. variegata var. typica, "Parass. su Leguminosae dal mare alla reg. mont. nel Nizz., Lig., A. Apuane, Tosc., Appenn.-pavense, Bologn., Nap., Cal. e grandi isole"; Beck 1930: 290, "Italien! in Ligurien, bei Bologna, Toscana, Apenn. pavese, Apuaner Alpen, Neapel, Calabrien!; Corsica! Monté di Ghisone au Col de Sorba, Calcatoggio bei Cargese, im Juni (Burnat, Cavillier, Abrezol!); Sardinien (St. Anioco u.a. 0.!); Sizilien! Messina, Catania, Palermo, Ficuzza, Finale, Nebroden, Liparische Inseln!"; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, "It"; Pignatti 1982: 616; Greuter & al. 1989: 265, "It"; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 296; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 81)]

Abruzzo [unconfirmed]

L'Aquila (AQ): "Massa d'Albe (AQ), 900 m, giu 2007" (id=30146 - Orobanche_variegata_14124_68431.jpg by Marinella Miglio in Acta plantarum id=3519, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014, O. gracilis!).

Calabria (Beck 1890: 203; Beck 1930: 290, sub O. variegata)

Catanzaro (CZ): Catanzaro, 30 Abr 2019 (Gbif 2251840543 - iNaturalist observations/24169974 - iNaturalist 37377502 by teshinkan, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020 [!]).

Campania [unconfirmed]

Salerno (SA): "Monti Lattari, prov Salerno, altitudine 800 m slm, terreno ruccioso, esposto a sud, mare a 300 m circa in linea d'aria" (photo 3519 by guaglio58 in www.naturamediterraneo.com, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014, O. gracilis!).

Emilia-Romagna [unconfirmed; Alessandrini & al. 2012: 9]

Modena (MO): "Rovolo (MO), giu 2010" (id=33999 - Orobanche_variegata_17856_85877.jpg by Patrizia Ferrari in Forum Acta plantarum 123696 and Acta plantarum id=3519, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014, O. gracilis!).

Lazio [unconfirmed]

Roma (RM): "Monti Prenestini (RM), 1000 m, lug 2011" (id=72082 - Orobanche_variegata_53447_245923.jpg by Gianluca Nicolella in  Forum Acta plantarum 340757 and Acta plantarum id=3519, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014, O. gracilis!).

Liguria [unconfirmed]

Genoa / Genova / Génova: "Genova nella valle della Polcevera [Val Polcevera / Pûçéivia / Ponçéivia] (DNtrs.)" (Béguinot 1902: 478, loc. class. of O. satyrus De Not.); Liguria  (De Notaris 1846: 34, loc. class. of O. superba De Not.).

Imperia (IM): "IM" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 296); "M. Pietravecchia (IM), 1500 m, giu 2009" (id=25672 - Orobanche_variegata_11463_53926.jp by Franco Guadagni in Acta plantarum and Forum Acta plantarum 77348, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014, O. gracilis!); "Pietrabruna (IM), 400 m, mag 2015" (id=91663 - Orobanche_variegata_75985_347603.jpg by Sandro Maggia in Acta plantarum id=3519, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020, O. gracilis!).

Marche [unconfirmed]

Macerata (MC): "Montelupone (MC), 1000 m, giu 2008" (id=25670 - Orobanche_variegata_5234_22591.jpg by Maria Grazia Lobba in Forum Acta plantarum 32027 and Acta plantarum id=3519, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014, O. gracilis!).

Piedmont / Piemonte [unconfirmed]

Cuneo (CN): "CN" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 296); "Limone P.te (CN), 1650 m, lug 2014" (id=83227 - Orobanche_variegata_65341_300554.jpg by Giacomo Bellone in Forum Acta plantarum 415066 and Acta plantarum id=3519, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 O. gracilis!).

Sardinia / Sardegna / Sardaigne / Cerdeña / Sardinien (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. condensata, "Sard."; Reichenbach fil. 1862: 94, t. 213, f. I 1-9 [sub O. condensata Mor.]; Beck 1890: 203; Bonnet 1896: 325, sub O. condensata, "Sardaigne"; Beck 1930: 290; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, "Sa"; Pignatti 1982: 616; Greuter & al. 1989: 265, "Sa"; Conti & al. 2005; Domina & Arrigoni 2007: 133)

"Terranova [Olbia / Tarranòa / Terranòa / Terranova Pausania, Olbia Comune, Olbia-Tempio Province, Gallura Sub-region]" (Gussone 1828-32: 183, loc. class. of O. spartii var. rubra Guss.); "Habui ex Sardinia [Italy] ab Eq. Prof. Morisio" (Bertoloni 1846: 433, sub O. condensata); "Parasitica radicum Genistae corsicae [Genista corsica (Loisel.) DC.], Calycotomes villosae [Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link Spartium villosum Poir.] aliarumque leguminosarum: S. Elia Cagliari [Cagliari (CA)]: Iglesias [Carbonia-Iglesias Province (CI)]: Insula S. Pietro: Arizzo" (Moris 1858-1859: 247, loc. class. of O. condensata); "Orobanche condensata Moris. / In collinis aridis insulae St. Antioco [Sant'Antioco / Sant'Antiògu, Carbonia-Iglesias Province (CI)] Majo / U.I. Müller." (P 04393732 - hb. Th. Delacour; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Orobanche condensata Moris / In collinis aridis insulae St. Antioco [Sant'Antioco / Sant'Antiògu, Carbonia-Iglesias Province (CI)] Majo / U.I. Müller. // ex herb. H. Van Heurck" (P 04384678; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the sheet contains three specimens, one of these appears to be O. variegata (on right-hand of the sheet), but the other two (on the left-hand of the sheet) are from Porta (close to Porta's label) and correspond to O. lutea]); "Sardinia: in collinis insulae St. Antioco [Sant'Antioco / Sant'Antiògu] Majo. U.J. Müller! (Tria specimina)" (Reichenbach fil. 1862: 94, t. 213, f. I 1-9 [sub O. condensata Mor., "Planta sardoa"]); "Sardinia (St. Antioco etc.)" (Beck 1890: 203); "Sardinien (St. Anioco [St. Antioco] u.a. 0.!)" (Beck 1930: 290); "Distribution: South Sardinia and in the islands of Tavolara [Olbia Comune, Olbia-Tempio Province], S. Pietro [San Pietro Island / Isola di San Pietro, South western Coast of Sardinia, Carbonia-Iglesias Province] e S. Antioco [Sant'Antioco / Sant'Antiògu]. Specimens seen: Sant’Antioco, 05, Müller (B, W, PRC) - Sardinia, s.d., Müller (PRC) - Arizzo, 06, Moris (TO) - Sardinia, misit 1822, Moris (BOLO) - Carlo Forte, 1826, Moris (TO) - S. Elia Cagliari, 04.1826, Moris (TO) - Sardegna, misit 1829, Moris (TO) - Sardinia, misit 1846, Moris (BOLO) - Isola Tavolara, 21.05.1885, Forsyth Major (FI) - Isola di S. Antioco, 26.04.1894, Martelli (FI) - Gariga e pascoli fra Bacu Abis e Porto Scuso, punta Maiorchina, 05.04.1970, Arrigoni & Ricceri (FI) Isola di S. Antioco, Cala Sapone, 06.04.1970, Arrigoni & Ricceri (FI) - San Giovanni Suergiu, presso Matzaccara, 30.04.1974, Arrigoni, Mori & Nardi (FI) - Is. Santo Pietro, 30.3.1985, Kilian (B) - Spalmatore lungo la strada, Isola di S. Pietro, 11.04.1987, Scrugli & Zedda (CAG) - Nel ciglio della strada che porta a Chia, 28.03.1989, Zedda (CAG) - S. Margherita di Pula (Cagliari), 11.04.1993, Bacchetta (CAG) - Chia, 29.04.2006, Domina (PAL)." (Domina & Arrigoni 2007: 133); "Isola di S. Pietro, 1 aprile 2006" (photos 28804 by Dan73, accessed Sep 2011); "Calasetta - Sant'Antioco Island [Carbonia-Iglesias Province (CI)]" (photo 1 and 2 by Matteo Paolo Tauriello in flickr, accessed Sep 2011); "Giuliano Campus (Forum Acta Plantarum) - Sardegnaflora.it - O. variegata, Sardegna, Italia" (TS227579.jpg - Dryades 5060 in Moro & al. 2003: 8247, accessed Mar 2020); Portoscuso, 39°12'47.6"N 8°22'15.9"E, Carbonia-Iglesias Province, South Sardinia (iNaturalist observations/21001316 - iNaturalist photos/32435651 - Gbif 2013012410 by Paola Valdes, accessed Mar 2020).

Sicily / Sicilia / Sicile / Sizilien (Wallroth 1825: 41, loc. class. of O. variegata; Reichenbach 1829: 38, t. 672 f. 904, sub "O. foetida Prsl. sic. exsicc.", "Hist. ... DCLXXII. 904 in Spartio in Sicilis cl. Presl. emarcida"); Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. Spartii Guss., "Sicil."; Beck 1890: 203; Bonnet 1896: 325, sub O. condensata, "Sicile"; Béguinot 1902: 478, sub O. variegata var. typica, "le forme b. [epixantha Beck = O. Spartii var. lutea Biv. ex Guss. = O. lutea Lojac.] c. [sicula] d. [amplissima Beck = O. Spartii Rchb. f. = O. condensata Lojac.] e. [pachnodes Beck] in Sic. (Lojac)"; Béguinot 1902: 478, sub O. variegata var. satyrus; Beck 1930: 290; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, "Si"; Pignatti 1982: 616; Greuter & al. 1989: 265, "Si"; Foley in Paiva & al., Fl. iber. 14, Supl. fot.: 25, phot. 36 ["Sicilia, Italia"] (2001); Pujadas 2007: 212; photos sub O. (sanguinea) variegata by Carmelo Rifici in Fiori di Sicilia, accessed Sep 2011 et Oct 2014; "Sicile le 19.04.2009 sur Genista sp." (photos by Jean-Marc Moingeon, in Pharmanatur.com, accessed Jul 2012); "Slender Broomrape, [sub] Orobanche gracilis (Paul Harmes)" (Wild Flowers of Sicily in naturetrek.co.uk, accessed Jul 2012).

Caltanissetta Province: "Sizilien / Sicily Passo delle Pantanelle [near Gela town, Province of Caltanissetta] 31.3.98", photo by Günther's, accessed Sep 2011; "Sizilien / Sicily Passo delle Pantanelle [near Gela town, Province of Caltanissetta] 31.3.98", photo by Günther's, sub O. rapum-genistae [yellow form] accessed Sep 2011.

Catania Province: "Sic. sull'Etna [Province of Catania]" (Béguinot 1902: 478, sub O. variegata var. satyrus); Alcàntara [north of Mt.] Etna, Castiglione di Sicilia [Castigghiuni di Sicilia], 4 May 2011 (photo 1 and 2 by Francesco Russo, sub O. gracilis; accessed Sept 2011); "Città: Caltagirone / Prov.: Catania / Regione: Sicilia" (photo 1 et 2 by MrT in naturamediterraneo.com, accessed Oct 2014).

Enna Province: "var. b. Nicosia [Nicosia / Nicusìa]" (Gussone 1828-32: 183, loc. class. of O. spartii var. rubra Guss.); "Università degli Studi di Trieste / picture by Antonio Speranza / Monte Altesina [Erean Mountains / Monti Erei], EN, Sicilia, Italia", photos 8247 2011 and Dryades 5060 in Moro & al. 2003: 8247, accessed Sep 2011 and Mar 2020).

Messina Province: "Sicilia (Messina [Messina / Missina / Mesina]" (Beck 1890: 203); "e nelle Eolie [Isole Eolie / Aeolian Islands] a Salina, Vulcano e Filicuri [Filicudi] (Lojac.)" (Béguinot 1902: 478, sub O. variegata var. satyrus); "N.º 120 Huter, Porta, Rigo, ex Itinere italico III / Orobanche / parasitica in radii Cytisi triflor. [Cytisus triflorus L'Hér. (1791), non Lam. (1786) = Cytisus villosus Pourr. (Beck 1930: 290, "sec. Gussone")] / Sicilia: in collibus supra Messina, sol. / granit. arenos. 3-400 m. / 18. April.1877 // O. Spartii Guss. n. Vaucher / [det. m.] Beck" (WU 0034312 - Kerner 34312 [Kerner 00041]); "In Silvaticis, Valdemone [Val Demòne / Val Demona] (locus specialis non indicatus) Junio. ["Lectotype ... PAL 43216"]" (Domina & Mazzola 2007: 227, loc. class. of O. sicula Lojac.); "Nebroden [Monti Nebrodi, Sicilian Apennines], Liparische Inseln [Lipari, Isole Eolie / Aeolian Islands]!" (Beck 1930: 290); "12.149 / Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. / Sizilien: Nordküste: Mt. Litto südöstl. Patti / 80 m / ... / Datum: 19.IV.1965 [leg.: Hans Metlesics]" (Zobodat.at id=100299112 - LI 284129 - Europeana 100299112 - 00016814.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020); "Is. Eolie, vi, Lojacomo (PAL) [ut Orobanche spartii Juss.]" (Pujadas 2007: 212, sub O. variegata); near Taormina [Taurmina], 1974-04 (photo 156_06 and 156_05 [yellow and red forms] by Leif & Anita Stridval, sub O. gracilis; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011); Novara di Sicilia, 15 May 2014 (photo 14079994148 by Luigi Strano in www.flickr.com, accessed Oct 2014); Ilha de Salina, ilhas Eólias (photos [8694854507] by Mauricio Mercadante, sub O. sanguinea in www.flickr.com; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2014).

Palermo Province: "Habitat in montibus circa Panormum [Palermo / Palermu / Panormus] ad radices Spartii. Perennis. Floret. Majo" (Bivona-Bernardi 1813: [16], loc. class. of Orobanche grandiflora C. Presl O. foetida sensu Biv.); "Orobanche grandiflora Presl, Fl. Sicul. I XXXIV / Orobanche foetida Biv. / In pratis apricis ad Panormum Sicilia / Maj. 1817 // "Orob. variegata Wallr. / det. Dr. G. Beck" // "Orobanche variegata Wallr. / rev. G. Domina / 05.02.2004" (PRC 454804, type; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Habitat in montibus circa Panormum [Palermo] ad radices Spartii. Perennis. Floret. Majo" (Presl 1826: 34[XXXIV], loc. class. of "Orobanche grandiflora C. Presl. / (O. foetida. Biv.)"); "Herbarium R. Hort. Bot. Panormitani / Orobanche Spartii Vauch. / Palermo, ad radices Spartii juncei / Aprili Legit Todaro" (MNHP-P-P04410462 - P 04410462.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Todaro Flora Sicula Exiccata / Orobanche Spartii Vauch. mon. p. 42 / ad radices Spartii juncei [Spartium junceum L.] - Palermo. / Majo / n. 1156 Legit Todaro" (P 04384683; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); idem (P 04384684 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Nostra: Panormi [Palermo] Todaro!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 117, t. 218 f. 2 [sub O. spartii, yellow form]); "In sylvaticis , in dumetis umbrosis nemorum. Ficuzza alla macchia di Zingaro sulla via delle Quattro Finaite a sinistra salendo, rarissima. (Jun. 1878)" (Lojacono 1882: 256, loc. class. of O. lutea (Biv.) Lojac.); Flora nebrodensis / O. cruenta Bert. / O. spartii Vch. / In collibus incultis prope Finale [Finale di Pollina, Pollina] / 11 Aprili 1874 / leg. P. Gabriel Strobl // rev. Beck sub O. variegata [!]; "var. β.: An sonnigen, buschigen Rainen vor Finale [Finale di Pollina]! April, Mai" (Strobl 1885: 640, loc. class. of O. gracilis var. villosa); "Flora nebrodensis / Orobanche spartii Vch. / In collibus herbosis prope Castellbuono [Castelbuono / Castiddubbuonu] / 4-600 m super Cytisus infestus [Calicotome infesta (C. Presl) Guss.] / 8 Aprili 1874 / leg. P. Gabriel Strobl." (WU 34311 - Kerner 00040; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Castelbuono!" (Strobl 1885: 640, sub O. spartii Vauch.); "Plantae Siculae rariores / 361 Orobanche spartii Guss., Fl. Sicul. Syn. II p. 1138 (an Vaucher?) / ad radices Calycot. spinosae [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link Spartium spinosum L.] / In sylvaticis umbrosis / Ficuzza / Aprili 1880 Leg. M. Lojacomo" (P 04384681 - hb. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Palermo, Ficuzza [Ficuzza wood, Marineo], Finale [Finale di Pollina, Pollina]" (Beck 1890: 203); "14.891 / Orobanche rapum-genistae Thuill. / Sizilien: Westrand des Bosco della Ficuzza, / an der Straße N.118 zw. Ficuzza u. / Marineo ... [Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link Spartium spinosum L.] ... / Datum: 26 April 1968 [leg.: Hans Metlesics]" (Zobodat.at id=100301936 - LI 284105; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020); "In sylvaticis, in dumetis umbrosis nemorum. Ficuzza alla macchia di Zingaro sulla via delle Quattro Finaite a sinistra salendo [south of Palermo], rarissima (Jun. 1878) ... Neotype (here designated): PAL 56360 [Herbarium Mediterraneum Panormitanum / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / su Calycotome infesta / Ficuzza alla macchia di Zingaro (Palermo) / 26.05.2004 / leg. G. Domina.]" (Domina & Mazzola 2007: 232, loc. class. of O. lutea Lojac.); "Palermo, Cefalú, 1.x.2003, C. Burgarella (COA 33991). Palermo, Monreale, Giacalone, Regia Trazzera Cannavera, Monti di Palermo, Pizzo dell’Assolichiata, 800 m, iv.2004, C. Burgarella (COA 33988). Madonie mountains, 29.v.2004, M. Fernández-Aparicio et al. (COA 33990). Palermo, Collesano, Madonie, Pizzo Cerro, 800–900 m, sobre Calycotome, 4.vi.2004, C. Burgarella (COA 33989). Palermo, ad radices Spartii juncei [Spartium junceum L.], v. Todaro (COI, JE, PAL) [ut O. spartii Vauch.]. In pratis apricis ad Pannororum, v.1817, Presl (COI) [ut Orobanche spartii Juss.; O. grandiflora Presl]. Ficuzza, iv.1877, Lojacomo (FI) [ut fma. pachnodes Beck]. Supra M. Sifona, S. Maria di Gesú, iv.1860, Citarda (JE) [ut Orobanche spartii]. ... Palermo, ad radices Calycotome infesta, v, Lojacomo (PI) [ut 361 Orobanche spartii Juss.]. Flora Nebrodensis, in collibus incultis prope Finale [Finale di Pollina, Pollina], 11.iv.1874, P. Gabriel Stroble (WU) [ut O. cruenta Bert.; O. spartii Vauch.]. Ficuzza [Ficuzza wood, Marineo], ad radices Calycotome spinosa, iv.1880, Lojacomo (WU) [ut O. spartii Vauch.]. Palermo, reg. infer. submont., v.1905, H. Ross (WU). ..." (Pujadas 2007: 212, sub O. variegata); "Ficuzza (PA), 700 m, mag 2013" (photos 57518 by Beppe Di Gregorio in Acta plantarum, accessed Oct 2014); "Gorgo del Drago, Godrano" (photo iNaturalist 3651102 by Elisa Vitale in Gbif 1453086196; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017).

Trapani Province: "Faraglioni di Scopello [Castellammare del Golfo / Casteddammari], garigue, auf Calycotome villosa [Calicotome villosa (Poir.) Link Spartium villosum Poir.], 27.iii.1975, A. Weber (WU)" (Pujadas 2007: 212, sub O. variegata); "Cofano (TP), 1 m, mar 2020 Foto di Claudio Bizzotto" (id=120003 112333_699713 and id=120004 112333_699714 in Acta plantarum id=3519, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020 [!]); "Tyrrhenian Sea, Sicily, IT", 38°03'44.8"N 12°50'25.1"E, Scopello, Trapani (Gbif 2579286425 - iNaturalist observations/39790291 - iNaturalist 63165148 by catrionaandrews, sub O. variegata, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020 [!]).

Unknown location: "Orobanche / major, Caryophilum oleas C.BP. / C. Phellypea." // "Herbarium Regium Monacense / Orob. variegata Wallr. / Wohl aus Sardinien oder Sizilien?" [written by Beck] / det. Dr. G. Beck / Ex Oriente: Hebenstreit." (M 0185508).

Trentino-Alto Adige / Trentino-Südtirol [unconfirmed]

Trentino (TN): "Orobanche condensata Moris ? Porta / parasitica sub Medicagine [Medicago]. / Tirolia austral. in pascuis di Dos Brione pr. Riva [Riva del Garda] / sol. petrae arenariae ... / 16 ... 1894[?]  Porta" (P 04384678; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the sheet contains three specimens, one of these appears to be O. variegata (on right-hand of the sheet), but the other two (on the left-hand of the sheet) are from Porta (close to Porta's label) and correspond to O. lutea]).

inicio / top of page

Macedonia / Македонија / Mazedonien / Macédoine [unconfirmed (Beck 1930; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, "S. Jugoslavia requires confirmation"]

inicio / top of page

Morocco / المغرب‎, / Marruecos / Maroc / Marokko [need be confirmed, see O. gracilis s.l. (Battandier 1890: 660, sub O. condensata [f.] variegata (Wallr.) Batt.,"Maroc"; Maire 1930: [12]; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 696, sub O. variegata; Maire 1936: 252; Greuter & al. 1989: 265, "Ma"; Rumsey & Jury 2002: 591; MPU 002678 (loc. class. of O. variegata var. integrisepala f. erythrostigma Maire); P 04363849 et MPU 021328 (types of O. variegata var. pseudosatyrus); MPU 002113 (loc. class. of O. variegata var. integrisepala Maire), MPU 002114 et P 00083144 (loc. class. of O. variegata var. porphyrostigma Maire) in Jstor.org, accessed Sep 2011)]

Meknès-Tafilalet [unconfirmed, see gracilis (incl. O. tetuanensis)]

Ifrane Province: "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. porphyrostigma n. var. / Moyen Atlas: Tizi-n- Taghzeft, sur / Erinacea Anthyllis Link [Erinacea anthyllis Link (E. pungens Boiss.)], 2100 m. / corolle rouge vernissée int. / gris-jaune lavée de rouge / ext. stigmate purpurin. / 1-7-1923 / Dr R. Maire (MPU 002114; type [in sched.] et sintype sec. M. Durand & C. Loup, 14.05.2004 [in sched.]); P 00083144; type [in sched.]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011 [the two specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Lectotype (designated here): "Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. porphyrostigma n. var. / Moyen Atlas: Tizi-n. Taghzeft, sur Erinacea Anthyllis Link, 2100 m. / corolle rouge vernissée int., gris-jaune lavée de rouge ext., stigmate purpurin. / Dr. R. Maire" [manu Maire] MPU-2114; isolectotype: P-8314) (Domina & al. 2013, according to these authors the specimens to correspond to O. variegata); "Hab. in Erinacea Anthyllide [Erinacea anthyllis Link (E. pungens Boiss.)]: prope jugum Taghzeft Atlantis Medii [Taghzeft Pass / col du Taghzeft / Tizi n'Tarhzeft / Tizi-Taghzeft, Middle Atlas / Moyen Atlas] ad alt. 2000 m (Humbert et Maire, 1923)" (Maire 1930: no. 618 [12], loc. class. of O. variegata var. porphyrostigma).

Marrakesh-Safi [in error for O. foetida]

"Terrases en jachère du Kik [31°16'56.1 N 8°02'01.4 W]" (Atlas bota 2018/12/orobanchepanachee.pdf; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020 [in error for O. foetida]).

Souss-Massa-Draâ [unconfirmed, see O. austrohispanica et gracilis (incl. O. tetuanensis)]

"Maroc: embouchure du Sous [Sous / Souss / Tamazirt n Sus], sur Ononis Natrix L. var. Reesei Sirj." (Maire 1935: 220, sub O. variegata var. sicula); "Anti-Atlas, massif du Kest [Jebel Lkst / Djebel Kest / Djebel Lekest], sur Genista ferox Poiret ssp. microphylla (Ball) F.-Q." (Maire 1936: 252, sub O. variegata var. integrisepala); Anti-Atlas, Ammeln Valley (P 04363850; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XXVII / Université d Alger / 1936 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. pseudo. satyrus / Atlantis Medius: Tizi n. Ouria [Tizi-n-Ouria] supra / Ksiba ad radices Adenocarpi anagyri- / folii var. leiocarpi [Adenocarpus anagyrifolius var. leiocarpus Maire] solo calcareo 1600 m /. Stigma ex albido luteum corolla flavo- / brunnea extus, in tubo intus rubra. nitida 21-6[-1936]" (P 04363849 et MPU 021328; types of O. variegata var. pseudosatyrus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011; "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XXVIII / Université d Alger / 1937 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. satyrus (De Not.) / (integrisepala) / In Quercetis Atlantis Medii ad Tizi-n / Ouria [Tizi-n-Ouria] supra Ksiba ad radices Adenocarpii / anagyrifolii [Adenocarpus anagyrifolius Coss. & Balansa]. Corolla ochracea ± rubro suffusa intus / stigma luteum, stylus purpureus / 9-4[-1937]" (P 04363848; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis)]); Lectotype (designated here): Dr R. Maire iter Maroccanum XXVII, 1936 / "Orobanche variegata Wallr. var. pseudo-satyrus / Atlas Medius: Tizi n. Ooria supra Ksiba, ad radices Adenocarpi anagyrifolii var. leiocarpi  [Adenocarpus anagyrifolius var. leiocarpus Maire], solo calcareo, 1600 m / stigma albido luteus corolla flavo-brunnea extus, in tubo intus rubra nitida / 21-6" [manu Maire] (MPU21328; isolectotype: P-4363849) (Domina & al. 2013, according to these authors the specimens to correspond to O. gracilis); Ksiba (Emberger, Jahandiez & Maire 1941: 1130, loc. class. of O. variegata var. pseudosatyrus).

Tangier-Tetouan [unconfirmed, vide O. austrohispanica et gracilis (incl. O. tetuanensis)]

K 000425199-202 [the specimens were labelled incorrectly]; Tanger, Salzmann // Orobanche condensata // Det.-rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 26 Nov 2002 [the specimens were labelled incorrectly] (K 000425199 ["Algier, Schimper"?]); "Tanger (Salz. Exsicc., sub O. strigosa)! (Ball, 1878: 604); ? // Orobanche condensata / Det.-rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 26 Nov 2002 [the specimens were labelled incorrectly] (K 000425202 ["Algier, Schimper"?]); "Mission scientifique de la Société de Géographie / au Maroc / Nº 1690 / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / Tanger: Djebel Kébir [Jebel Kebir], ad Cytis / linifolio [Cytisus linifolius (L.) Lam. = Genista linifolia L.] / 2.V.1912  C.J. Pitard." (P 02983081; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis]); "Mission scientifique de la Société de Géographie / au Maroc / Nº 1690 / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / Djebel Kébir [Jebel Kebir] (sur Genista linifolia ) / 2.V.1912  C.J. Pitard." (P 02983082; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis]); "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XX / 1930 / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / var. integrisepala Maire / f. erythrostigma Maire / In Atlante rifano: in monte Khessana [prope Bab-taza, Rif Mountains] / ad radices Adenocarpi decorticantis Boiss. [Adenocarpus decorticans Boiss.] / solo arenaceo, 1500-1600 m. / stigma rubrum.   die 23 junii" (MPU 002678 holotype; RAB 033245 et P 04021935 types of O. variegata var. integrisepala f. erythrostigma Maire, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011 et Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2017); "In atlante rifano [Rif Mountains]: in monte Khessana [prope Bab-taza], ad radices Adenocarpi decorticantis Boiss. [Adenocarpus decorticans Boiss.]" (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 696, sub O. variegata var. integrisepala f. erythrostigma); "Dr R. Maire. Iter Maroccanum XV / Université d Alger / 1928 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / stigma luteum, corolla intus rubra vernicosa / In Atlante rifano: in Quercetis Tozae / ad radices montis Afestal, in Cytiso / monspessulano [Cytisus monspessulanus L.; Teline monspessulana (L.) K. Koch] parasitica 1200-1300 m / 17-6[-1928]" (P 04363846; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis); "Loukkos [Loukkos River / Oued Loukous / Locus River], Ouezzane [Wazan / Uessen], C. Rif" (Rumsey & Jury, 2002: 591); "Western Rif: Above Chefchaouèn and Ras el Maa, on track to Ain Tissimlane between Jbel Kelaa and Jbel Tissouka, 35°11’06’’N, 5°13’22"W, parasitic on Adenocarpus, 1560 m, 6.VI.2005, M. Ait Lafkih, M.A. Carine, S. L. Jury & F.J. Rumsey 163." (Carine & al. 2006: 209-210, "Our identification of material from the western Rif as this taxon is not without doubt.").

Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate [need be confirmed]

"Dr R. Maire. iter Maroccanum decimum / Université d Alger / 1925 / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobranche Nepae n. sp. / corolla rubra vernicosa intus, extus lutescens / rubro-venosa; lobi corollini anteriores lutescentes rubrovenosi etiam in facie interna, stigma / ex atrorubente aurantiacum / In Atlantis Medii monti bus supra urben / Taza: ad radices Ulicis Webbiani [Ulex webbianus Coss. (Ulex boivinii Webb)] 1500 m / 18-6" (MPU 002985; holotype sec. Madaule, Durand & Loup, 17.06.2004, in sched.; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011 [specimen bad preserved, the specimen seems to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l. (incl. O. tetuanensis), but needs be confirmed in further studies]) et (P 00083145; type [in sched.]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2011 [specimen bad preserved]); "Lectotype (designated here): Dr R. Maire Iter Maroccanum Decimum, 1925 / “Orobanche Nepae n. sp. / corolla rubra vernicosa intus, extus lutescens rubro-venosa; lobi corollini anteriores lutescentes rubrovenosi etiam in facie interna, stigma ex atrorubente aurantiacum / in Atlantis Medii monti bus supra urben Taza: ad radices Ulicis webbiani [Ulex webbianus Coss. (Ulex boivinii Webb)], 1500 m / die 18 junii” [manu Maire] (MPU-2985; isolectotype: P-83145)" (Domina & al. 2013, according to these authors the specimens to correspond to O. variegata); "in Cytiso Balansae [Cytisus balansae (Boiss.) Ball (Sarothamnus balansae Boiss.)] in monte Moussa-ou-Salah [Jbel Moussa ou Salah, Bou Iblane range, Middle Atlas / Moyen Atlas], ad alt. 2.600 mn (Emberger et Maire, 1927)" (Maire 1932: 204, loc. class. of O. variegata var. nepae).

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Portugal [reported in error] (Flora Digital de Portugal. 2004. O variegata (accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020 [in error for O. foetida])

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Serbia / Srbija / Србијa / Serbie / Serbien [unconfirmed]

"im Tal des Flusses Lepenatr. bei Katschanik [Kaçanik, Kosovo / Autonomous Province_of_Kosovo and Metohija, Serbia] (leg. et det. Bornmüller 1917 B" (Uhlich & al. 1995: 160).

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Spain / España / Espagne / Spanien [unconfirmed, probably always in error for O. gracilis (s.l.), e.g., Beck 1890: 203, "In Hispania deest, in Pyrenaes dubia"; Willkomm 1893: 186; Greuter & al. 1989: 265, "Hs"; Kreutz 1995: 150 "Grazalema, Andalucia (E), 12-4-1994", 151 "Grazalema, Andalucia (E), 12-4-1994"; Bolòs & Vigo 1996: 504; "Sierra Nevada (Andalousie - Espagne) le 08.07.2012 sur Genista versicolor" (photos by Jean-Marc Moingeon in Pharmanatur, accessed Jul 2012 [in error for O. gracilis])]

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Switzerland / Schweiz / Suisse / Svizzera / Suiza [unconfirmed (Beck 1930: 290; Kreutz 1995: 150; Uhlich & al. 1995: 160)]

Ticino / Tessin: "Schweiz: im Kanton. Tessin bei Sta. Maria di Cola auf Sarothamnus (Bornmüller!)" (Beck 1930: 290); "Canton Ticino" (Kreutz 1995: 150).

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Tunisia / تونس / Tunisie / Túnez / Tunisien (Bonnet 1896: 325, sub O. condensata; Pottier-Alapetite 1981: 872, sub O. variegata = O. condensata, "sur les Légumineuses vivaces, surtout les Calycotome"; Greuter & al. 1989: 265, "Tu"; Pujadas 2007: 213)

Ariana Governorate: "... Orobanche minor Sutton / Tunis, Plage de Raoud [Raoued] / Leg. Prof. Dr. R.v.d. Veen / April 1962 / Det. J. Brak" (U 1470930; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018).

Béja Governorate: "Orobanche condensata / Kef En-Mesous (Ouchteta [Ouchata / Station d'Ouchtata / Station d’Ouchtata / Washtatah]) / Massif forestier d' El-Fedja / 20 mai / Mission botanique de Tunisie, 1888: / E. Cosson" (P 03428644 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Orobanche / El-Fedja (Ouchteta [Ouchata / Station d'Ouchtata / Station d’Ouchtata / Washtatah]) / Ledillot, juin 1886" (P 03428646 hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014 [cf.]).

Ben Arous Gobernorate: "CB: Bordj Cedria (P.A.)" (Pottier-Alapetite 1981: 873).

Bizerte Governorate: "Orobanche condensata Mor / sur Calycotome / Teskraia [Bizerte] (Tunisie), 14.3.1916 / J. Serres" (P 04410512; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Herbier L. Faurel / Orobanche variegata Wallr. / (O. condensata Moris) / var. variegata / (= var. typica G. Beck) / sur Calicotome spinosa (L.) Link / Maquis du Sidi Yahia a Ferryville [Menzel Bourguiba] (Tunisie) / 16.4.1932" (MNHN-P-P04410518 - P 04410518.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "NM: Teskraïa [26.2.1955, MPU 026128]" (Pottier-Alapetite, 1981: 873); "Sejmène [Sejnane / Sejenane / Sejnène], on Calycotome, 29.iv.2003, M. Kharrat (COA 37468)" (Pujadas 2007: 213, sub O. variegata); "Teskraia [Bizerte], on Calycotome, 14.iii.1916, J. Serres (MPU) [ut O. condensata Mor.]" (Pujadas 2007: 213, sub O. variegata).

Jendouba Governorate: "Orobanche condensata / Djebel El Bir, Ain-Draham, Kroumirie / 7 Juillet 1883 / Mission botanique en Tunisie en 1883: / M. M. E. Cosson, Doûmet-Adanson, A. Letourneux, V. Keboud; G. Barratte, E. Bonnet" (P 03428640 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014 [the specimens seem to correspond to O. gracilis, s.l.]); "... Fedj El-Saha [Fedj-el-Saha / camp de la Santé, nord de Fernana, Kroumerie (Khroumirie / Kroumirie / Djebel Kroumire), 36° 39' N 8° 41' E], Dj. Bir. [Djebel El Bir]" (Bonnet 1896: 325, sub O. condensata); "K : Dj. Bir [Djebel El Bir, 36°46'13" N, 8°42'5"], les Chênes, El Fedja (Ser. [J. Serres])" (Pottier-Alapetite 1981: 873).

Kairouan: "Orobanche condensata / El Kaïra Tofreuz (Ouled Ali) / Massif forestier d' El-Fedja / 23 mai / Mission botanique de Tunisie, 1888: / E. Cosson" (P 03428640 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014 [undeterminable]).

La Manouba Governorate: "Khangat el Baouala, Tebourba [La Manouba], 23.iv.2003, M. Kharrat (COA 37467)" (Pujadas 2007: 213, sub O. variegata).

Nabeul Governorate: "Orobanche condensata Moris / El Haouaria / 7 mai 1883 / Mission botanique en Tunisie en 1883: / M. M. E. Cosson, Doûmet-Adanson, A. Letourneux, V. Keboud; G. Barratte, E. Bonnet" (P 03428644 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014 [cf., specimen very bad conserved]); "Dj. Abd-er-Rahman [Abd-el-Rhaman Mountains], El-Haouaria" (Bonnet 1896: 325, sub O. condensata); "CB: Dj. Abd er Rahman [Abd-el-Rhaman Mountains], El-Haouaria" (Pottier-Alapetite 1981: 873).

Tunis Governorate: "Herbier L. Chevallier Précigné (Sarthe) / Orobanche condensata Moris. / Tunisie: Carthage, a La Malga / 22-4-1894 Legi L. Chevallier" (P 02986967; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014); "Orobanche condensata Moris / El Fedja [El Feja / Al Fajjah] / 11 mai / Mission botanique de Tunisie, 1888: / E. Cosson" (P 03428645 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2014); "Sur les Calycotome spinosa et intermedia: Tunis, Carthage [Tunis] ... dj. Reças [Djebel Ressas] ..." (Bonnet 1896: 325, sub O. condensata); "NE: Carthage" (Pottier-Alapetite 1981: 873).

Zaghouan Governorate: "Association... / Orobanche condensata Moris / Dj. Maouine [Jebel Maouine] (Tunisie) / 7.4-1953 / leg. J. Serres" (P 04410513 - hb. Retz 38734; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014).

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