Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 6 May 2021


Accepted Name:

Orobanche flava Mart. ex F.W. Schultz, Beitr. Kenntn. Deutsch. Orob.: 9 f. 5 (1829)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche tussilaginis [F.W. Schultz ex] Mutel, Fl. Fr. 2: 349 (1835), pro syn. (Beck 1890: 182). Ic.: Mutel, Fl. Franç. Atlas: t. suppl. 42 f. 310 (1837). Obs. Schultz 1830: 504, "auf Tussilago nivea [Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg.]. Stigma wachsgelb"; Mutel 1835: 349, "Sur le Tussilago des frimas (T. nivea L. [P. paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg.]) ... Je ne crois pas qu'on doive conserver ŕ cette espčce le non d'O. flava parce ... entrainerait confusion avec l'O. lutea..."; Schultz 1848: 102 "M. Mutel a copié mon manuscrit"

Orobanche flava f. communis Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 263 (1930), nom. illeg. (Art. 24.3)

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche petasitis A.J.C. von Fischer, Mitt. Naturf. Ges. Bern 87/88: 6 (1847). Ind. loc.: "Orobanche Petasitis (nova Spec.) fand ich im Laufe Juli's dieses Jahres auf Petasites albus, im Walde, am sogenannten Wege zu den Speichern, zwischen Wilderswyl und Saxeten [Bern, Switzerland], nicht weit von Ietzterm Bergdorfe, circa 3300 Fuss über das Meer.". Obs. "Der Beschreibung nach kommt diese Art am nächsten zu Orobanche flava Mart. (Koch. Synops.), von der sie sich aber durch die starke Behaarung aller Theile zu unterscheiden scheint" (Fischer 1847: 6)

= Orobanche froelichii Rchb. f., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 106, t. 207, f. 2 (1862) ["Fröhlichii"] (Beck 1890: 182). Syn.: Orobanche laserpitii-sileris subsp. froelichii (Rchb. fil.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 560 (1881). Ind. loc.:. "Appenzell [Appenzell Innerrhoden Canton, Switzerland / Suiza]. In Petasite albo [Petasites albus (L.) Gaertn.]. Fröhlich!" (Reichenbach 1862: 106). Obs. "herb. Vindobonensi [Collectio Reichenb. f.]" (Beck 1930: 261)

= Orobanche petasites Borb. in Oestrr. Bot. Zeitschr. 35(2): 76 (1885 [Feb 1885]) [nom. nud.]. Ind. loc.: "am Büdös [Hungary], hier zwischen dem Köztetö und Annasee". Obs. "nomen solum (sec. Simonkai)" (Beck 1890: 182; Beck 1930: 261); «Orobanche Petasitis» (Carlón & al. 2005: 50)

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= Orobanche laserpitii-sileris subsp. froelichii (Rchb. fil.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 560 (1881) ["* O. Froelichii Rchb. f. Suppl. 24. Helv. (c. Appenztell [Appenzell Innerrhoden Canton, Switzerland / Suiza])")]. Syn.: Orobanche froelichii Rchb. fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 106, t. 207, f. 2 (1862)

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= Orobanche flava var. riparia [in sched.]. Herbarium Specimens: "Herbarium Regium Monacense / Orobanche flava Mart. / var. riparia mihi / Südbayern. In den Auen der Traun bei / Traunstein auf Petasites officinalis / Juli 1874. ... / Herbarium Boicum" (id.snsb.info/snsb/collection/479457/590499/260436 - M 0185488.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/2981281057; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021)

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= Orobanche flava f. adenostylidis Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 36 (1922). Ind. loc.: "Vorarlbergia: in monte Drei Schwestern [Vorarlberg, Austria / Österreich] ad radices Adenostylidis alliariae Kerner [Adenostyles alliariae (Gouan) A. Kern.], m. Julio 1900 (Beck)." Obs. This host-plant needs to be confirmed. Herbarium Specimens: "Herbarium A. Jans Nş 153-57 / ... / op Adenostyles / Fahsmanns Laine – Wassen fall / Oberan (Bayern) 19.7.1957 / Germania Leg. A. Jans" (botanicalcollections.be/specimen/BR0000011150039 - BR 0000011150039.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1839681404; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021)

= Orobanche flava f. petasitidis Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 263 (1930). Ind. loc: "Hinc inde cum typo observata"

= Orobanche flava f. euflava Grint. in Bul. Grad. Bot. Cluj 25: 151 (1946) ["1."], nom. illeg. (Art. 24.3). Ind. loc: Romania: "Jud. Prahova [Prahova County / Județul Prahova]. Pe pârâul Cetăţuia 950 m, sub M-le Tabla Butei, 21 Aug. 1943. Pe pârâul Telejenel spre Poiana Stânei, 14 Aug. 1942, sub M-le Zăgan. Pe pârâul Telejenel spre Greceanca, 16 Aug. 1920, sub M-le Zăgan. Drumul Reginei pe pârâul Rece spre Predeal, 29 Iulie 1934. Jud. Buzău [Buzău County / Județul Buzău]. La întorsătura Buzăului sub Piatra Laptelui, 14 Aug. 1942. Jud. Braşov [Brașov County / Județul Brașov]. La Urlătoarea pe apa Buzăului, 21 Aug. 1943. Jud. Vâlcea [Vâlcea County / Județul Vâlcea]. Pe pârâul Bistriţa în Chei, 17 Iulie 1928, la M-rea Bistriţa, planta nutrită de Tussilago Farfara L." (Grinţescu 1946: 151). Obs. "Planta totaliter, intus extus, succus, squamae, bracteae, sepala, petala, ovarium, stylus et stigma ac indumentum colore flavo. Ad radicem Petasites albi [Petasites albus (L.) Gaertn.]" (Grinţescu 1946: 151)

= Orobanche flava f. flavo-rosea Grint. in Bul. Grad. Bot. Cluj 25: 151 (1946) ["2."] (Sonnberger 2008: 91). Ind. loc.: Romania: "Jud. Prahova [Prahova County / Județul Prahova]. Pe pârâul Cetăţuia 950 m, sub M-le Tabla Buţei, 21 Aug. 1943" (Grinţescu 1946: 151). Obs. "Caulis intus ac succus colore flavo, extus flavo-rosea; bracteae roseae, corolla flavo-rosea, stylus ac stigma flavum. Ad radicem Petasitis albi [Petasites albus (L.) Gaertn.]" (Grinţescu 1946: 151)

= Orobanche flava f. roseo-violacea Grint. in Bul. Grad. Bot. Cluj 25: 152 (1946) ["3."]. Ind. loc.: Romania: "Jud. Prahova [Prahova County / Județul Prahova]. Pe pârâul Cetăţuia 950 m, sub M-le Tabla Buţei, 21 Aug. 1943" (Grinţescu 1946: 152). Obs. "Caulis intus ac succus colore flava, extus una cum bracteis et corolla roseo-violaceae. Stylus ac stigma flavum. Ad radicem Petasites nivei [Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg. = P. niveus (Vill.) Baumg.]" (Grinţescu 1946: 152)

= Orobanche flava f. persicina Grint. in Bul. Grad. Bot. Cluj 25: 152 (1946) ["4."]. Ind. loc.: Romania: "Jud. Prahova [Prahova County / Județul Prahova]. Pe pârâul Cetăţuia 950 m, sub M-le Tabla Buţei, 21 Aug. 1943" (Grinţescu 1946: 152). Obs. "Caulis intus et succus flavus, extus corolla persicina [peach-coloured]. Stylus usque ad ramificationem stigmatis persicinus, stigma facie flavum. Ad radicem Petasites nivei [Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg. = P. niveus (Vill.) Baumg.]" (Grinţescu 1946: 152)

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Misapplied names:

Orobanche loricata sensu Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 41, t. 683 f. 918 ["Monachii. v. Spitzel"] (1829) [saltem p.p.], non Orobanche loricata Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 41, t. 682 f. 917 (1829). Ind. loc.: "Preaeterea in Bavaria in pratis Iseranis pr. Haselloh haud procul a Monachio [München / Munich / Minga, Deutschland / Germany] in Tussilagine Petasite [Petasites hybridus (L.) G. Gaertn. & al.] crescentem fine Julii lectam, misit Dom. a Spitzel. Ab illa non distinguenda videtur, quam in Berberi vulgari Monachii lectam idem ad me misit O. flava e Martii nomine inscriptam, descriptam apud Schulz Beitrg. S. 9 nobis fig. 918 in tab. DCLXXXIII."

Orobanche lucorum auct., non Orobanche lucorum A. Braun ex F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 504 (1830) (e.g., Hayek 1914: 148 "auf Petasites-Arten"; Hess & al. 1976-1980)

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Ind. loc.: "In Gebüschen, feuchten schattigen Hainen bei München [München / Munich / Minga, Deutschland / Germany] auf den Wurzeln von Berberis vulgaris und wahrscheinlich auch anderer Sträucher" (Schultz 1829: 9). "In pascuis subhumidis, in radice Tusilaginis niveae [Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg.], ad Isarem prope Monachium" (Reuter 1847: 27).

Typus / Type: "Martius (vidi spec. orig.) ... Schultz, Herb. norm. nr. 922!" (Beck 1890: 182, 183; Beck 1930: 261, 263); "München, s/f, Martius, W 42428" (Pujadas 2003: 391, type of O. flava var. flava); 1. "...Orobanche caryophyllacea ... / Orobanche flava / mihi / cfr. Schedulas / Monachii [München / Munich / Minga] prope / Ys. Hesselloh. 1818". – 2. "Orobanche flava Martius / München [Monachii / Munich]: bei Geisel / gasteig [Geiselgasteig, Grünwald municipality] auf Petasites niocug [P. niveus (Vill.) Baumg.?] / Molendo [?] Juli [1818 C. von Martius]" – 3. "Orobanche caryophyllacea major L. /... / Orobanche flava  mihi. / ..." (botanicalcollections.be/specimen/BR0000008550927 - BR 0000008550927.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1839501627; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012, type of O. flava); idem (botanicalcollections.be/specimen/BR0000008603609 - BR 0000008603609.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1839505615; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); 1. "Orobanche flava / Martius / Parasitisch auf Tussilago / nivea [Petasites niveus] bey Geisselgasteig / Herbarium Martii". – 2. "Orobanche flava Mart. ex F.W.Schultz / Originalmaterial? / Sammler: C. v. Martius / ... Parasitisch auf Tussilago / nivea [Petasites] bei Geisselgasteig / [ Geisselgasteig Landkreis München / Bayern, MTB 7935/141] / annot. F. Schuhwerk (M) November 2012" (M 0210013.jpg - id.snsb.info/snsb/collection/480428/591525/261691 - gbif.org/occurrence/2981272791; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021).

Designated by:

Host: Parasitic only on Compositae (Asteraceae), mainly on Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg. [Tussilago nivea Vill.; P. niveus (Vill.) Baumg.], rarely on other Petasites species [e.g., Petasites albus (L.) Gaertn. (Tussilago alba L.), P. kablikianus Bercht. (P. albus var. glabratus Maly)]. More rarely, also on other Compositae species (Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009; Piwowarczyk 2015: 46, sub O. flava); "it was incorrectly reported as a parasite of Tussilago [s.str.], Achillea, Origanum, Thymus, or Anemone (Beck 1930)" (Piwowarczyk 2015: 42, sub O. flava).

Comments:

Morphological and phylogenetic observations: This species is morphologically (Carlón & al. 2005: 52 t. 18, 53 t. 19, 54 f. 2) and phylogenetically (Carlón & al. 2005: 59, 61; Carlón & al. 2008: 13, 117) very different to Orobanche lycoctoni Rhiner (1890-91) with which has sometimes been confused. (Schneeweiss & al. 2004 ["Phylogenetic relationships: ("ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209255.1: Georgia"; "ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209254.1: Austria")"; Carlón & al. 2005: 46-48, 51, 52 t. 18, 54 f. 2, 59, 61 f. 4 ["Phylogenetic relationships"], 62, 64 ["ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209255.1: Georgia"; "ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209254.1: Austria"]).

Taxonomic observations: O. flava var. flava sensu Pujadas (2003), non Mart. ex F.W. Schultz (1829) (see Nuevas citas in Flora iberica) = Orobanche haenseleri Reut.]) (Carlón & al. 2008: 13 f. 2 ["Phylogenetic relationships"], 117).

Other apparently related taxa:

Orobanche flava var. doriae Emb. & Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 27: 252 (1936). Syn.: Orobanche flava var. petasitidis Emb., Mat. 649, non Orobanche flava f. petasitidis Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 263 (1930) (Maire 1936: 252). Ind. loc.: "Grand Atlas: sur le Senecio Doria L. au bord de l'Acif Mgoun au dessus d'El-Kelâa des Mgouna! (Emberger) [Drâa-Tafilalet, Maroc / Morocco]". Obs. "Orobanche flava Martius var. Petasitidis / Doriae Emb. et Maire  ... stigmate jaune - corolla jaune" (MPU 003678, label); "filamentis praeter apicem parce et breviter glanduloso-pilosum glaberrimis" (Maire 1936: 252). Herbarium Specimens: Syntypes: "Institut Scientifique Chérifien / Herbier / Orobanche flava Martius var. Petasitidis / Doriae Emb. et Maire Beck v. Mamagetta / Mgouna: bords du Mgoun ŕ El / Kelaa, 1470 m / (in Senecio Doria) 11-5-[19]33  Emberger / stigmate jaune - corolla jaune" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu003678 - MPU 003678.jpg - hb. Maire); idem (RAB 034997). Note: Additional studies are needed to understand the relationship between Orobanche flava s.str. and this North-African taxon better.

Orobanche flava subsp. cicerbitae Uhlich & Rätzel in Feddes Repert. 115: 207[-209] (2004). Syn.: Orobanche cicerbitae (Uhlich & Rätzel) Tzvelev in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 46: 210 (2015). Ind. loc.: "Typus: Rossia, in Caucaso boreo-occidentali (Adygaea) ... Poljana Firsova, ca. 1450 m. s. m. ... ad radices Cicerbitae cf. petiolatae [Cicerbita petiolata (K. Koch) Gadnidze; Prenanthes petiolata (K. Koch) Sennikov], leg. Rätzel 12.07.2002 n. 3501..." (Rätzel & al. 2016). Herbarium Specimens: Russian Federation: NW-Kaukasus (Großer Kauk.) Maikopskij Rajon, Thac-Region, S Poliana Firsowa, N des Bolschoi Thac, 2002-07-12, Leg.: Rätzel, S. (B 10  1037923; holotype of O. flava subsp. cicerbitae); idem (B 10 1037938; isotype of O. flava subsp. cicerbitae); idem (B 10 1042999; type of O. flava subsp. cicerbitae). We provisionally accept this taxon on the basis of the differential characters reported by their authors.

Chromosomatic number: n = 19 (Schneeweiss & al. 2004, Georgia); 2n = 38 (Skalinska & Pogan 1966; Weber 1976; Murin & Májovský in Löve 1978; Tzvelev 1981 [2001]: 458; Kreutz 1995: 96; Albers & Pusch 1999).

Ic.: a, MPU - hb. Coste (on Petasites albus (L.) Gaertn.; Foręt du Lioran, Auvergne, France); b, inflorescences (redish form on Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg.; Sankt Martin, Switzerland); c, flowers (ib.); d, corolla, in partial long-section (ib.); e, gynoecium (ib.); f, inflorescences (yellowish form; ib.); g, Mutel, Fl. Franç. Atlas: t. suppl. 42 f. 310. 1837; h, Reichenbach fil. 1862: t. 177; sub O. flava; i, Reichenbach f. 1862: t. 207, f. 2; sub O. froelichii; j, Beck 1890: t. 3 f. 53, k, Kreutz 1995: 12, 98-99!; "10 - Orobanche elatior ... 2007-07-21-18 Malbun-Lichtenstein, August 04, 2007", sub O. elatior, by Thomas Huber, accessed Jun 2011).

Distribution: Austria, Azerbaijan [O. flava subsp. cicerbitae], Belgique [alien], Bosnia and Herzegovina, Czech Republic, Denmark [alien], England [alien], France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Morocco [O. flava var. doriae], North Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Russia [need to be revised (Adygea [O. flava subsp. cicerbitae])], Serbia?, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain [in error for native O. haenseleri], Sweden [unconfirmed], Switzerland, Ukraine. Orobanche flava [s. ampl.] distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010). "Au Cz Ga He Hu It Ju Po Rm Rs(W)" (Flora Europaea, accessed Jul 2011). Iberian Peninsula distribution: unconfirmed, the records from this region result from erroneous identifications (Carlón & al. 2005: 46-48). It has been recorded from the Pyrenees (Pujadas 2003: 390, sub O. flava var. flava [vide O. haenseleri Reut.]) and Cantabrian Mountains (Pujadas 2003: 390-391, sub O. flava var. albicans [vide O. lycoctoni Rhiner]).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Austria / Österreich / Autriche (Nyman 1854-1855: 132; Reichenbach f. 1862: 100, t. 177; Schlechtendal & al. 1884: 40, sub O. flava; Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava; Beck 1922: 36, loc. class. of O. flava f. adenostylidis; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. flava; Kreutz 1995: 12, photo "Lunz am See Ybbstaler Alpen (A), 9-7-1994"!; 99, photo "with host (Petasites paradoxus), Lunz am See Ybbstaler Alpen (A), 9-7-1994", sub O. flava!; Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava; Pusch 2009: 85, sub O. flava; Uhlich 2010)

Carinthia / Kärnten / Koroška: "Kärnten auf Petasites-Arten" (Hayek 1914: 148); "Orobanche flava / Autriche = Carinthie = Ferlach; Tell. Pfarr [Zell Pfarre / Sele Fara] / 17 juillet 1965" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04410479 - P 04410479.jpg - hb. J. Tatigné - gbif.org/occurrence/464807282; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2016); "2822 / Orobanche flava / Martius / Autriche = Carinthie = Ferlach; Tell. Pfarr [Zell Pfarre / Sele Fara]; vers la Koschuta [Koschuta massif, Karawanken mountain range, Klagenfurt-Land] / 18 juillet 1967" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419790 - P 04419790.jpg - herb. J. Guillet; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Lower Austria / Niederösterreich: "Austria inferior: in montibus Dürrenstein et Schneeberg -1600 m" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava Mart.); "Lunz am See Ybbstaler Alpen (A), 9-7-1994" ... "with host (Petasites paradoxus), Lunz am See Ybbstaler Alpen (A), 9-7-1994" (Kreutz 1995: 12, photo 2!; 99, photo 1!); Niederösterreich, Nordfuß des Ötscher, Trübenbach, westlich vom Gasthof Sommerer, W. Till 130191, 2013-07-07 (WU 0071616 - herbarium.univie.ac.at/database/detail.php?ID=393838; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018).

Salzburg: "im Salzburgischen stellenweise häufig, so z. B. am Rosittenbach, im Hintergründe der Bluntau bei Golling [Golling an der Salzach], im Buchweissbachgraben bei Saalfelden [Saalfelden am Steinernen Meer], am Wege von Böckstein ins Nassfeld; Loferer Alpen [Lofer]" (Schlechtendal & al. 1884: 40, sub O. flava); "... Lofer [Zell am See]... Salisburgia [Salzburg]: Böckstein" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava Mart.); "Herb. Lugd. Batav. / No.: 84 / Orobanche flava Mart. ¨{auf Petasites albus ...} / Salzkammergut: Schafberg ... auf Kalk / 20 juli 1920 / leg. Godd˙n et Henrard" (data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817533 - L 2817533.jpg - herb. Lugd. Batav.; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018); "Saalfelden [Saalfelden am Steinernen Meer, Zell am See], Salzburgo" (photos by J. Quiles in Jopos - Flora silvestre del Mediterráneo; accessed Jun 2014).

Styria / Steiermark / Štajerska: "Blabusch bei Grätz [Graz / Gradec / Grác] in Menge. Maly!" (Reichenbach fil. 1862: 100, t. 177); "auf dem Blabusch bei Grätz in Steiermark (dort auf Peucedanum Cervaria L. [see O. alsatica] und vielen anderen Pflanzen)" (Schlechtendal & al. 1884: 40, sub O. flava); "Stiria: Admont, Gstatterboden, Johnsbach, Judenburg" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava Mart.); "Neuberg an der Mürz, Alpen Rax Schneeberg [Wiener Hausberge] (A), 9-7-1994" (Kreutz 1995: 99, photo 4!).

Tyrol: "Nş 66 / Orobanche flava Mart. / Alp. calcar Oenipomt [Oenipons / Oenipontum / Innsbruck] in radic. / Petasites niveae / Salzberg 5000' / Legit Heupler 16/8 1840 / Ex Herbario Musei Tirolensis" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419800 - P 04419800.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/465125494; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Kalkalpen um Innsbruck: z. B. am Haller Salzberg in ungeheurer Menge unter den Wohnhäusern (Hfl.)" (Hausmann 1852: 650); "Austr. (Tyrol; Stey., Oestr.)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 132); "Orobanche flava Mart. / Inradice Petasites niveae in / monte Sulzberg prope Hall in Tirolia [Hall in Tirol, Innsbruck-Land District] / Aug 1879 / A. Winkler" (P 04243404; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "in Tirol auf den Kalkalpen um Innsbruck" (Schlechtendal & al. 1884: 40, sub O. flava); "Tirolia: ... Innsbruck, Hall [Hall in Tirol, Innsbruck-Land District], Kufstein ... etc." (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava Mart.).

Upper Austria / Oberösterreich / Haute-Autriche: "Reichenbach fl. Germ. exsicc.  April 1844 // 2367 Orobanche flava Mart. / ... / ... / Um Steyr auf Petasites niveus, in der Feichtau bei / Molln [Kirchdorf an der Krems] 1842. Apoth. Brittinger." (K 000759373 - kew.org/herbcatimg/400426.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017); "2367 Orobanche flava Mart. / ... / ... / Um Steyr auf Petasites niveus, in der Feichtau bei / Molln [Kirchdorf an der Krems] 1842. Apoth. Brittinger." (data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817537 - L 2817537.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021); "F. Schultz, herbarium normale. Cent. 10. / 922, Orobanche flava Martius in F. Schultz beitr. / p. 9. cum icone, K. Syn. 617. / 24 juillet 1865. / Sur le Petasites niveus au bord des rivičres dans les bois / des vallées des alpes calcaires prčs de Windischgarsten [Kirchdorf an der Krems] (Haute-Autriche). / Déc. F. Schultz (1828), rec. Oberleitner" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419795 - P 04419795.jpg - herb. E. Cosson - gbif.org/occurrence/464808588; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p03810537 - P 03810537.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04410475 - P 04410475 - herb. L. Giraudias - gbif.org/occurrence/464807280; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04441453 - P 04441453.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817535 - L 2817535; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018); idem (M 0185489.jpg - id.snsb.info/snsb/collection/479458/590500/260437 - gbif.org/occurrence/2981281778; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021); "Orobanche flava Mart. / Traunufer b. Wels in Ob. Oestr. auf / Petasites officin. u. P. niveus. / Juni 1863 / leg. Braunstingel" (coicatalogue.uc.pt/specimen/56886 - COI 00056886 - hb. Wilkommii; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018); "in Oberösterreich ... in Menge um Steier in der Feichtau bei Mölln [Molln]" (Schlechtendal & al. 1884: 40, sub O. flava); "Austria superior: Wels [Wels-Land], ad fl. Traun, Windischgarsten, Steier" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava Mart.); "Weißkirchen a. d. Traun / leg. Michael Strauch, Amt der OÖ Landesreg., Naturschutz, Linz Datum: 26.6.1989" (LI 442409 - 00030862 - zobodat.at/belege_detail.php?id=100111204; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017); "ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209254.1: Austria, province of Upper Austria, "Totes Gebirge" Mtns., western edge of lake Offensee (SE of the village Ebensee), 650 m, on Petasites paradoxus (Asteraceae), PS & AT (WU: S&T 3014)" (Carlón & al. 2005: 54).

Vorarlberg: "Orobanche flava Mart. / Vorarlberg[?] ... [?]" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04395251 - P 04395251.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Auf Petasites niveus.- Vorarlber: bei Au im Bregenzerwald [Bregenz Forest] (Tir. B.)!" (Hausmann 1852: 650); "bei Au im Bregenzer Wald in Vorarlberg" (Schlechtendal & al. 1884: 40, sub O. flava); "Tirolia: Schoppernau [Bregenz District] in Vorarlberg..." (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava Mart.); "Vorarlbergia: in monte Drei Schwestern ad radices Adenostylidis alliariae Kerner [Adenostyles alliariae (Gouan) A. Kern.], m. Julio 1900 (Beck)" (Beck 1922: 36, loc. class. of O. flava f. adenostylidis).

Unknown location: LI 284038.

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Azerbaijan / Azerbaiyán / Azərbaycan / Азербайджан (Rätzel & al. 2016, sub O. flava subsp. cicerbitae)

Qakh District / Qax Rayonu: "Azerbaijan: Greater Caucasus, NE side, near Ilisu (NE of Qakh), 41°27'43.4"N, 47°04'09.5"E (WGS 84), 1360 m, dry ravine above town, parasitic on Senecio cf. propinquus Schischk. (root attachment verified, new host record), large population, 11 Jun 2013, Rätzel & al. (photos – Fig. 4A, B). – New to Azerbaijan" (Rätzel & al. 2016: 430-4316, sub O. flava subsp. cicerbitae).

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Belgique / Belgium / België / Bélgica [alien] (Verloove 2016, sub O. flava)

1. "Parasite sur / Tussilago farfara L. / (Une seule touffe dans une / Colonie de T., serré, de deux ares environ)". – 2. "Herbier Emile Michel / Orobanche flava var communis / Beck-Mannagetta / Chantier des travaux de la / jonction Nord-Midi (Bas-found du Jardin Botanique [Meise Botanic Garden]). / Juin 1944 E. Michel" (botanicalcollections.be/#/en/specimen/BR0000012170906 - BR 0000012170906.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1839781181; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021); "Orobanche flava Martius / var communis Beck-Mannagetta / Bruxelles, chantier des travaux de la Jonction Nord-Midi / secteur du Jardin Botanique [Meise Botanic Garden] / Parasite sur Tussilago farfara / 1945 / André Lawalrée n.ş 1287" (botanicalcollections.be/#/en/specimen/BR0000010060209 - BR 0000010060209.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1839579127; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021).

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Bosnia and Herzegovina / Bosnia y Herzegovina / Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava; Beck 1930: 263, sub O. flava; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. flava)

Republika Srpska / Република Српска: "Bosnia: in valle Gozda in monte Lelja PI. [Lelija / Лелија, Sutjeska National Park / Национални парк Сутјеска, Dinaric Alps] (leg. Beck)" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava Mart.).

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Caucasus / Cáucaso [need to be revised] (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 108[103], sub O. flava; Pusch 2009: 85 Abb. 17, sub O. flava; "Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan" [Orobanche flava information from NPGS/GRIN, accessed Jul 2011])

Ciscaucasia / North Caucasus: "Caucasus: Ciscaucasia, Dagestan" (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 108[103], sub O. flava).

Transcaucasia / South Caucasus: "western and eastern Transcaucasia [Georgia and Azerbaijan]" (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 108[103], sub O. flava).

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Czech Republic / República Checa / Česká republika (Beck 1930: 262, sub O. flava; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. flava; Kreutz 1995: 96, sub O. flava; Zázvorka 2000: 508-510, 509 t. 82 f. 4, sub O. flava; Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava; Pusch 2009: 85, sub O. flava; Uhlich 2010)

Bohemia

Plzeň Region / Plzeňský kraj: "nş 914 / Orobanche flava Martius / Hungaria septentrionalis. In monte Sytno / prope oppidum Schemnitz [Chemnitz / Kamjenica / Saská Kamenice, Free State of Saxony, Germany] ad radices Petasites / 1000 m  Kmet. / Flora exsiccata austro-hungarica / Reçu le 27 novembre 1885" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419799 - P 04419799.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/464808589; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Moravia / Morava / Morawy

Moravian-Silesian Region / Moravskoslezský kraj / Moravo-Silesian Region / Ostrava Region / Ostravský kraj: "1362. Orobanche flava / ... / Montes Beskydy: Bílá, in convalle ri- / vuli Smradlavý, cca 650 m.s.m. in Petasites albus parasiticans. / 8- VII. 1948 Leg. J. Duda" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p00056886 - P 04406116.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [cf., specimens bad preserved]); idem (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0791002 - MW 0791002.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018 [cf., specimens bad preserved]); "Moravia septentr.-orient., Montes Beskydy, Bilá, in convalle rivuli Smradlavvy, ca. 650 m, in Petasites albus parasiticans, 8-VIII-1948, J. Duda, G" (Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava).

South Moravian Region / Jihomoravský kraj: Moravia, Bílé Karpaty, distr. Hodonín. Hryzlácké Mlýny: Přední louky, 1 km SV od středu obce, Z. Otýpková, s.n. 2007-09-26, conf. J. Zázvorka 2015 ! (BRNU 622130 - herbarium.univie.ac.at/database/detail.php?ID=501153 [n.v.]).

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Denmark / Danmark / Dinamarca [alien] (Heide-Jřrgensen 2011)

"Orobanche flava on Petasites hybridus (large leaves). Both species are introduced to Denmark. Photo: H.S. Heide-Jřrgensen" (Heide-Jřrgensen 2011); "Indtil nu meget sjćlden og med fĺ bynćre forekomster, indtil videre mest i Křbenhavnsomrĺdet [Copenhagen area]" (photos 686680 et 682359 - fugleognatur.dk 3902 by Dan Hua Wang in Danmarks Fugle og Natur (accessed Jun 2011).

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England / Inglaterra / Angleterre [United Kingdom] [alien] (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 274, sub O. flava)

South East England

Oxfordshire: "Known only as an introduction at the Oxford Botanic Garden where it parasitizes Petasites, Adenostyles and related genera in the natural order beds (Bowen, RNG). As suitable hosts are widespread in this country it may become established elsewhere" (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 274, f. 2B, sub O. flava).

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France / Francia / Frankreich (Mutel 1837: t. suppl. 42 f. 310; Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava; Beck 1930: 262, sub O. flava; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. flava; Jovet & Vilmorin 1977: 70; Kreutz 1995: 96, "French alps (Jura)", sub O. flava; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava; MPU-Coste (Foręt du Lioran, Auvergne)

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes [Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes]

Cantal (15): "H. Coste - Plantes de France / Orobanche flava Martius / Cantal: Bois du Lioran [Foręt du Lioran] parasite sur Petasites albus. 1050 m / 11 juillet 1912  Leg. Soulie" (MPU - hb. Coste); "nş 2822 / sur Petasites / Orobanche flava / ... / (Lioran, juillet 1912)" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04243491 - P 04243491.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/474665533; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Massif du Cantal. Le 10 juillet, en effet, herborisant avec notre confrere M. Lhomme et quelques amis dans les gorges profondes de l'Alagnon, nous avons rencontré au fond du bois du Lioran, vers 1050 mčtres d'altitude, une petite colonie de l'Orobanche flava Martius. Cette espčce végétait sur les racines du Petasites albus, trčs abondant ... Le massif basaltique du Cantal constitue donc sa limite la plus occidentale" (Coste & Soulié 1912: 743, sub O. flava); "Herbier de Ch. d'Alleizette / Orobanche flava Martius / Cantal: Le Lioran [Foręt du Lioran] sur Petasites / prčs du tunnel / Juillet 1931" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/clf/collection/clf/item/clf170265 - CLF 170265.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1437901156; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2018 [the sheet contains two specimens, only the right side specimen is O. flava; the specimen on the left side of the sheet must to be confirmed, see O. centaurina Bertol. = O. kochii F.W. Schultz]); "sur Adenostyles [cf. host-plant] / 9.186bis / ... / Orobanche flava Martius / 30 juillet 1969 / Sortie S.W. du Tunnel du / Lioran (Cantal)" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p00598672 - P 00598672.jpg - herb. Henri Bouby - gbif.org/occurrence/437993016; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p00598671 - P 00598671.jpg - herb. Henri Bouby - gbif.org/occurrence/438326154; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Haute-Savoie (74): "74" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava); "O. flava, too, is finally confirmed in France: in the recent implement to "Catalogue Florisique de la Haute-Savoie" (Jordan & Farille, in the last "Monde des Plantes"), one population is quoted as parasitic on Petasites hybridus" (J.M. Tison, pers. comm., 21 Aug 2006); "Sixt Fer ŕ Cheval - Haute Savoie" (photos 3976 by Jean-Luc Tasset, Juillet 2010 in "PhotoFlora" (http://www.photoflora.fr/ - Bock Benoît) et in Tela Botanica; accessed Jun 2014); "Orobanche flava, N: Soudine, alt: 1360 m: sur Thorens [Thorens-Gličres]- 30.07.2012" (photos.smbc.fr/picture.php?/7478/category/404 et 7479 404 by Denis Jordan in Galerie photos de la SMBC; accessed Dec 2018).

Puy-de-Dôme (63): "Flore d'Auvergne / Orobanche flava Martius / Cirque de Chaudefour / Mt Dores [Mont-Dore] / leg. abbé Blot" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/clf/collection/clf/item/clf290425 - CLF 290425.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2018); "Herb. Lugd. Batav. / Orobanche flava Martius / Leg.: J.J. Barkman / No.: 4930 Dat.: 26-88-55 / Auvergne, Puy-de-Dôme, Bois de Latour Tussen / Latour d'Auvergne en le Mont-Dore, in een Abiesbos / in een beekravijn ... op Petasites alba / ..." (data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817529 - L 2817529.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018); "Cirque de Chaudefour, Mte. Dores, s/f, Blot, G." (Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava); "La Bourboule (63) - 7 aoűt 2013 par Hugues Tinguy" (photos 46707 in Tela Botanica; accessed Jun 2014).

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (04): "Gallia: prope Corbičre (leg. Maille)" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava) [see Orobanche lycoctoni Rhiner]; "Herbier de Ch. d'Alleizette / Orobanche flava Martius / Sur Petasites niveus - aux / env. de Manosque (Basses Alps) / 24.VII.1905" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/clf/collection/clf/item/clf170267 - CLF 170267 - science.mnhn.fr/institution/clf/collection/clf/item/clf170267; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2018); "a été indiqué par M. Beck von Mannagetta comme ayant été trouvé par Maille «prčs Corbičre», probablement Corbičres prčs Manosque (Basses-Alpes)" (Coste & Soulié 1912: 743, sub O. flava); "Herbier de Ch. d'Alleizette / Orobanche flava Martius / Basses Alps: env. de Manosque / 5.VII.1931" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/clf/collection/clf/item/clf170266 - CLF 170266; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2018); "Maille recolectó su Orobanche flava Corbičres, cerca de Manosque, que pertenece a los Alpes Marítimos [cf. Rouy (1909: 179), Bonnier (1926: 98)]" (Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava); "04" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava).

Alpes-Maritimes (06): "Saorge - Alpes Maritimes (06) [France]" (photos 3976 by Jean-Luc Tasset, Juillet 2010 in "PhotoFlora" (http://www.photoflora.fr/ - Bock Benoît) et in Tela Botanica, accessed Jun 2014).

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Georgia / Sakartvelo / Géorgie / Georgien (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 108[103], sub O. flava; Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava; Carlón & al. 2005: 54; Gagnidze 2005; Pusch 2009: 85 Abb. 17, sub O. flava; Tarkhnishvili & Chaladze 2013, accessed Dec 2018)

Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti: "ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209255.1: Georgia, Great Caucasus, from Shovi along the road to Mamisoni pass [Mamison Pass], 1800-1900 m, on Tussilago farfara (Asteraceae), G. Schneeweiss, AT, MS & PS (WU 0032454 et WU 0032455: S&T 8155)" (Carlón & al. 2005: 54).

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti: "Caucasus occidentalis, montes Egrisski khre bet, distr. Gegechkori [Martvili], in vicinitate pagi Lebarde, 1600-1800 m, 26-VII-1979, V. Vasäk , W 01031" (Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava).

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Germany / Deutschland / Alemania / Allemagne (Schultz 1829: 9 f. 5; Reichenbach 1829: 41, sub O. loricata (p.p.), t. 918; Reuter 1847: 27, sub O. flava; Nyman 1854-1855: 132; Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava; Reichenbach fil. 1862: 100, t. 177; Schlechtendal & al. 1884: 40, sub O. flava; Beck 1930: 262, sub O. flava; Kreutz 1995: 96-99, "south-eastern Germany", sub O. flava; Haeupler & Muer 2000: 453 f. 2500! [cf. Orobanche flava in FloraWeb, accessed Jun 2011]; Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294; Pusch 2008: 68; Uhlich 2010 [O. flava, Bavaria: Eibsee, phot. H. Uhlich 24.07.2009; O. flava, but between Salvia glutinosa here, Bavarian Alps: lower Höllental valley, phot. H. Uhlich 22.07.2009]; Pusch 2009: 85 Abb. 17, sub O. flava)

Bavaria / Bayern / Baviera

Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern: 1. "...Orobanche caryophyllacea ... / Orobanche flava / mihi / cfr. Schedulas / Monachii [München / Munich / Minga] prope / Ys. Hesselloh. 1818". – 2. "Orobanche flava Martius / München [Monachii / Munich]: bei Geisel / gasteig [Geiselgasteig, Grünwald municipality] auf Petasites niocug [P. niveus (Vill.) Baumg.?] / Molendo [?] Juli [1818 C. von Martius]" – 3. "Orobanche caryophyllacea major L. /... / Orobanche flava  mihi. / ..." (botanicalcollections.be/specimen/BR0000008550927 - BR 0000008550927.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1839501627; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012, type of O. flava); idem (botanicalcollections.be/specimen/BR0000008603609 - BR 0000008603609.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1839505615; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); 1. "Orobanche flava / Martius / Parasitisch auf Tussilago / nivea [Petasites niveus] bey Geisselgasteig / Herbarium Martii". – 2. "Orobanche flava Mart. ex F.W.Schultz / Originalmaterial? / Sammler: C. v. Martius / ... Parasitisch auf Tussilago / nivea [Petasites] bei Geisselgasteig / [Geisselgasteig Landkreis München / Bayern, MTB 7935/141] / annot. F. Schuhwerk (M) November 2012" (M 0210013.jpg - id.snsb.info/snsb/collection/480428/591525/261691 - gbif.org/occurrence/2981272791; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021); "München, s/f, Martius, W 42428" (Pujadas 2003: 391, type of O. flava var. flava); "Orobanche flava Mart. / Donum Dr. Schultes / In radice Tussilaginis niveae [Petasites niveus] / [Leg. Kummer] 1843." (data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817538 - L 2817538.jpg - classic.europeana.eu/portal/es/record/11651/_Botany_L_2817538; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021); 1. "Orobanche flava Martius Reut in DC. pr. / (1851)". – 2. "Orobanche flava Martius / Orobanche tussilaginis V... ur / Munich / Schultz" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419801 - P 04419801.jpg - hb. Grenier - gbif.org/occurrence/464733654; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "In Gebüschen, feuchten schattigen Hainen bei München" (Schultz 1829: 9 f. 5, loc. class. of Orobanche flava Mart. ex F.W. Schultz.); "Preaeterea in Bavaria in pratis Iseranis [Isar] pr. Haselloh haud procul a Monachio [München / Munich / Minga] in Tussilagine Petasite [Petasites hybridus (L.) G. Gaertn. & al.] crescentem fine Julii lectam, misit Dom. a Spitzel" (Reichenbach 1829: 41, sub O. loricata); "Orobanche flava / Mart. / in Tussil. nivea / Monachii / Communic. Martius 1848 / Herbarium Martii" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419800 - P 04419800.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/465125494; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Orobanche flava Mart. / Monachii ad ripas fl. Isar / in Petasit. nives [Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg.] / Communic. Progel 1858" (K 000759375 - hb. Benthamianum - kew.org/herbcatimg/400429.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017); "Orobanche flava Mart. / Isarauen [Isar] b. München auf Petasites nivea [Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg.] / Communic. Progel 1864 / Rec 11.1865 [?]" (K 000759372 - kew.org/herbcatimg/400426.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017); "In pascuis subhumidis, in radice Tusilaginis niveae [Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg.], ad Isarem [Isar] prope Monachium [München / Munich / Minga]" (Reuter 1847: 27, sub O. flava); "Bavar. (München)" (Nyman 1854-1855: 132); "Sie wurde von Martius zuerst auf Petasites niveus Baumg. auf den Isarauen bei Hasellock unweit München entdeckt; von Kuntz auf dem Geiselgasteig bei München aufgefunden, von Koeppen auf dem linken Isarufer bei München oberhalb der Reiterschanze..." (Schlechtendal & al. 1884: 40, sub O. flava); "Bavaria: München sec. fluv. Isar (loc. class.), Meutersschweig, Hohenschwangau" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava); "Dr. C. Baenitz, Herbarium Europaeum Nş / Orobanche flava Martius / Fl. bavarica. München [Monachii / Munich] ... / 14.7.82 / leg. ..." (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419796 - P 04419796.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018); "Orobanche flava Martius / auf Petasites niveus [Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg.] / Flora germanica. München Isarthal bei / Pullach / 5.7.1883.    Selten / ... / leg. Dr. J.E. Weiss" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04410478 - P 04410478.jpg - herb. L. Giraudias - gbif.org/occurrence/464807281; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Orobanche flava Mart [Martius] / Am Isar infer bei München / auf Petasites nivea [Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg.] / Dr. Lagger" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04395250 - P 04395250.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/464979095; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Herbarium Regium Monacense / Orobanche flava Mart. / var. riparia mihi / Südbayern. In den Auen der Traun bei / Traunstein auf Petasites officinalis / Juli 1874. ... / Herbarium Boicum" (id.snsb.info/snsb/collection/479457/590499/260436 - M 0185488.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/2981281057; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021, type of O. flava var. riparia [in sched.]); "Oberstdorf, Allgäu [Bavarian Alps] (D), 2-8-1992" (Kreutz 1995: 98, photo 1!); "Mundraching, Lechtal (D), 29-6-1992" (Kreutz 1995: 99, photo 2!); "Berchtesgaden, Berchtesgadener Alpen (D), 28-7-1993" (Kreutz 1995: 99, photo 3!); "München auf Petasites niveus, s/f, Dr. Lagger, G. Isarufer [Isar bank] bei Grisolgatting bei München s/f, Dr. Lagger, G. München, auf Tussilago nivea, 16-VII-1852, J. Rhiner, TUB 011500. Ettal Growental, VII-1861, Rhoner, TUB 011506. München Isarauen, 14-VII-1882, S.E. Weigls, TUB 011504. Ander allen Flexen trane am Arberg ob Staben, 3-VII-1929, H. Sleumer, TUB 011497. Lechbruck bis Heingaden, 16-VII-1900, Lchenale, TUB 011498. Ettel, auf Petasites albus, -VII-1914, E.M. Ristell, TUB 11499. München, s/f, Martius, W 42428. Geiselgasteig bei München, s/f, Kurz, W 42428. Isarauen bei München, -VI-1870, G. Winter, W 13647. Hannov. Münden [Hannoversch Münden, Lower Saxony?], auf Tussilago, s/f, Kummer, Z. München, Isarauen, 14-VII-1882, J.E. Weiss, Z. München, Isarthal [Isar valley] bei Pullach, 5-VII-1883, J.E. Weiss, Z. Bayern, Isartal [Isar valley] ob Grundvald [Grünnwald], 7-VII-1916, G. Hegi, Z. Geiselgasteig [Geiselgasteig, Grünwald municipality] bei München, auf Petasites niveus, 18-VII-1852, ZT. Oberbayer, Isarufer [Isar bank] v.v. Schäftlam, 8-VIII-1881, Buser, ZT." (Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava); "Herbarium A. Jans Nş 153-57 / ... / op Adenostyles / Fahsmanns Laine -- Wassen fall / Oberan (Bayern ) 19.7.1957 / Germania Leg. A. Jans" (botanicalcollections.be/specimen/BR0000011150039 - BR 0000011150039.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1839681404; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021).

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Hungary / Hungría / Magyarország (Nyman 1854-1855: 132, "Hung."; Borbás 1885: 76, loc. class. of O. petasites; Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. flava; Kreutz 1995: 96, sub O. flava; Hoitsy & al. 1997: 97, sub O. flava; Tóth 1999: 277, sub O. flava; Uhlich 2010; Pusch 2009: 85 Abb. 17, sub O. flava)

"am Büdös [Bükk National Park?, Hungary], hier zwischen dem Köztetö und Annasee" (Borbás 1885: 76, loc. class. of O. petasites); "Hungaria: ..." (Beck 1890: 183; Soó 1968: 248); "Orobanche flava in Bükk Mts. [Bükk Mountains, Carpathian Mountains, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén]: new record from Hungary" (Hoitsy & al. 1997: 97, sub O. flava); "Small population of Butterbur Broomrape – a rare plant in Hungary with a few known localities – was found near Borsodnádasd [Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén] in a tall-herb vegetation close up to a beech forest. It consists of ca. 30 individuals and grows between 280-300 m altitudes. The broomrapes host-plant is Petasites hybridus ... A martilapu vajvirág hazánkban jelenleg a Bükkből, a Börzsönyből, a Bakonyből és a Mecsekből ismert (Simon 2000, Virók 2009) ..." (Beránek 2009: 80, sub O. flava).

Banská Bystrica Region / Banskobystrický kraj: "261 / Flora Exsiccata Austro-Hungarica. / 914. Orobanche flava. / Martius in F. Schultz... / Hungaria septentrionalis. In monte Sytno prope oppidum Schemnitz [Banská Štiavnica] ad / radices Petasites; 1000mt. s. m. / Kmet." (USF 165237; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2017); idem (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419792 - P 04419792.jpg - hb. Cosson - gbif.org/occurrence/465190467; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018); idem (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0791003 - MW 0791003.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018); idem (L 2817536; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018).

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Italy / Italia / Italien (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava; Beck 1930: 262, sub O. flava; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. flava; Pignatti 1982: 615; Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava; Pusch 2009: 85 Abb. 17, sub O. flava)

Friuli-Venezia Giulia (Pignatti 1982: 615; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava; Pusch 2009: 85, sub O. flava)

Pordenone: "PN" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava).

Udine: (Pignatti 1982: 615); "UD" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava); "Venetia: in valle Zelline prope torrentem Ferron (leg. Huter)" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava).

Lazio

Rieti (RI): "Valle di Malito (M. Miglio e B. Santucci)" (Caporioni & al. 2010: 34, sub O. flava); Fotos di Marinella Miglio - Abruzzo (luirig.altervista.org; accessed Jun 2011); "Orobanche flava C. Mart. ex F. Schultz. / Val Malito (RI), 850 m, lug 2009" et "Val Malito (RI), 950 m, lug 2009" (photos 13884_67365, 13925_67588 and 13925_67589 by Marinella Miglio in Acta Plantarum; accessed Jan 2017).

Liguria

Imperia (IM): "Rezzo (IM), 1250 m, lug 2016" (photos 89615_426976, 89615_426977, 89615_426978, 89615_426979, 89615_426980, 89615_426981 and 89615_426982 by Mauro Ottonello in Acta Plantarum; accessed Jan 2017).

Lombardy (Pignatti 1982: 615; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava)

Bergamo: "BG" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294 "Douteux", sub O. flava).

Como: "CO" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava).

Sondrio (SO): "SO" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava).

Trentino-Alto Adige / Trentino-Südtirol (Pignatti 1982: 615; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava)

South Tyrol / Bolzano (BZ): "Leg. S.J. van Ooststroom, 22-6-1960; no. 22112 / ... / ... Italië, prov. Balzano, helling van het Etschdal / ten Z. van Schlanders [Silandro], boven goflan, / ca. 1100 m (data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817526 - L 2817526.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018); (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, "Eteint", sub O. flava); Bozen ... Dolomiten (Pusch 2009: 85, sub O. flava).

Trentino / Trento (TN): "TN" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava); "Provinz Trento. Passo Pertica ... Valle d. Seghe" (Pusch 2009: 85, sub O. flava).

Veneto

Belluno (BL): "BL" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava); Provinz Belluno: Val Veses (Pusch 2009: 85, sub O. flava).

Verona (VR): "O. Leonhardt, Berliner botanischer Tauschverein. / Nossen i. S. Germania. / Orobanche flava Mart. ex F. Schultz / Flora Italiae bor.: Rocca di Garda. / m. 1902. / leg. Rigo" (IND 0117310; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2018); "Rocca di Garda, -1902, Rigo, G." (Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava); "VR" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava).

Vicenza (VI): "VI" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava); "Recoaro Terme (VI), lug 2012" (photo 55922_257391 di Doriano Fabrinetti in Acta Plantarum; accessed Jan 2017).

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Liechtenstein (Beck 1930: 262, sub O. flava; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava; Pusch 2009: 85, sub O. flava; "10 - Orobanche elatior ... 2007-07-21-18 Malbun-Lichtenstein, August 04, 2007", sub O. elatior, by Thomas Huber, accessed Jun 2011)

Triesen: "Valüna, Tal südlich von Steg, Hochstaudenfluren zwischen Bergwiesen und an Waldrádern, Kalkunterlage, 1470 m, 22-VIII-1985, K.U. Kramer & M. Kramer, Z" (Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava).

Triesenberg: "(z. B. bei Malbum) zerstreut" (Pusch 2009: 85, sub O. flava).

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Morocco / المغرب‎, / Marruecos / Maroc / Marokko [further studies are necessary] (Maire 1936: 252, loc. class. of O. flava var. doriae)

Drâa-Tafilalet: "Institut Scientifique Chérifien / Herbier / Orobanche flava Martius var. Petasitidis / Doriae Emb. et Maire Beck v. Mamagetta / Mgouna: bords du Mgoun ŕ El / Kelaa, 1470 m / (in Senecio Doria) 11-5-[19]33  Emberger / stigmate jaune - corolla jaune" (MPU 003678 - hb. Maire); idem (RAB 034997); "Grand Atlas: sur le Senecio Doria L. au bord de l'Acif Mgoun au dessus d'El-Kelâa des Mgouna! (Emberger)" (Maire 1936: 252, loc. class. of O. flava var. doriae).

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North Macedonia / Република Северна Македонија / Македонија / Mazedonien / Macédoine [former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Yugoslavia / Jugoslavia)] (Nikolov 2020: 25, sub O. flava)

"Jablanica [Јабланица] (village Gorna Belica [Горна Белица, Municipality of Struga / Општина Струга]): nearby the village, along the road and Belička river, 1200 m a.s.l., 19.07.2006 (Leg./Det.: Z. Nikolov)" (Nikolov 2020: 25, sub O. flava).

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Poland / Polska / Polonia / Polen (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava; Beck 1930: 262, sub O. flava; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. flava; Kreutz 1995: 96 "southern Poland", sub O. flava; Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava; Pusch 2009: 85, sub O. flava; Uhlich 2010; Piwowarczyk 2015: 50-52, sub O. flava)

Lesser Poland Voivodeship / Małopolska Province: "L. Chevalier, Précigné // Flora Tatrae / Orobanche flava Mart. / Auf Petasites an der Bialka [Białka Tatrzańska, Tatra County, Poland] bei / Javorina [Tatranská Javorina, Slovakia] August 89. / Kőnishutte ... / Dr med N. Naynen" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04405599 - P 04405599.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/464660558; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017); idem (OHN 134910 - gbif.org/occurrence/266141, accssed Jan 2017); " Flora Tatrae / Orobanche flava Mart. / Auf Petasites an der Bialka [Białka Tatrzańska, Tatra County, Poland] bei / Javorina [Tatranská Javorina, Slovakia] August 89. / Königshütte O/S / Dr. med. W. Wagner" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/snsnmc/collection/che/item/che010171 - CHE 010171.jpg - hb. Corbičre - gbif.org/occurrence/1019757283; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021); idem (science.mnhn.fr/institution/snsnmc/collection/che/item/che010172 - CHE 010172.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1019757313; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021); "Galicia: in monte Babia Gora [Babia Góra / Babia hora] (non vidi)" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava); "Galizien [Galicia / Galizia / Galicja / Галичина]: auf der Babia Gora (nicht gesehen)" (Beck 1930: 262, sub O. flava); Tatra, "Poland and Slovakia, the High Tatra" (photos i-m4PpwJr/A et i-ZKkmmPN/A by M. van den Brink in Poland and Slovakia, the High and Low Tatra; accessed Jun 2011).

Lower Silesian Voivodeship / Lower Silesia Province: "Silesia: in montibus. Eulengebirge [Owl Mountains / Góry Sowie / Soví hory] in declivitate septentrionali montis Sonnenkuppe" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava).

Silesian Voivodeship / Województwo śląskie: "Flora Poloniae Exsiccata / ... / 260. Orobanche flava Mart. / Carpati Occidentales, montes Beskid Żywiecki (districtus Żywiec): vicus Soblówka. Juxta torrentem (associatio Petasitetum kablikiani). 11.VII.1970. leg. H. Piękoś et B. Bzowska" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0791001 - MW 0791001.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018); "Carpati Occidentales, montes Beskid Zywiecki, districtus Zywiec, vicus soblówka, juxta torrentem, asso ciatio Petasitetum kablikiani , 11-VII-1970, H. Piekos & B. Bzowska , CGE & G 46808" (Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava).

Subcarpathian Voivodeship / Podkarpackie Voivodeship / Województwo podkarpackie: "Flora Poloniae Exsiccata / ... / 260. Orobanche flava Mart. / Carpati Orientales, montes Bieszczady (pars occidentalis): ad Pagum / Bereżki, in associatione Petasitetum kablikiani, altitudine 610 m. s. m. / 15.VII.1961. / lg. K. Zarzycki / rev. A. Jasiewicz" (data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817525 - L 2817525.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018); "Carpati Orientales, montes Bieszczady (pars occidentalis), ad pagum Berezki, 610 m, in assotiatione Petasitetum kablikiani, 15-VII-1961, K. Zarzycki, G 38255 & W 17872" (Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava); Bieszczady, 49°07'39.9"N 22°45'10.2"E (inaturalist.org/observations/53642801 by Jacek Pietruszewski in iNaturalist.org; accessed Mar 2021).

Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship: San River Valley (Sandomierz Basin), O. flava on Petasites hybridus (Michalewska 2004).

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Romania / Rumanía / Roumanie / România / Rumänien (Reichenbach fil. 1862: 100, sub O. flava; Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava; Grecescu 1898: 450, sub O. flava; Beck 1930: 263, sub O. flava; Grinţescu 1946: 151, sub O. flava; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. flava; Kreutz 1995: 96, sub O. flava; Rätzel. & Uhlich 2004: 206; Pusch 2009: 85 Abb. 17, sub O. flava; Uhlich 2010)

Bannat

Caraş-Severin County: "Orobanche flava Mart. / Ad rad. Tussilaginis Petasites prope / Csudanovicz [Ciudanoviţa8. Junii 1843. Flor. Banat [leg.] Wierzbicki" (K 000759374 - hb. J. Ball - kew.org/herbcatimg/400426.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017); "Bannat: auf Tussilago Petasites häufig bei Csudanovicz 8. Juni 1843. Wierzbicki!" (Reichenbach fil. 1862: 100, sub O. flava); "in Banatu prope Oravicza [Oraviţa, 45° 1' 57 N 21° 41' 22 E] et Czudanovitz [Ciudanoviţa] (leg. Wierzbicki)" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava); "Orobanche flava Mart. / Roumanie / Poďa Maruli ŕ 25 km de Carancebes [Caransebeş / Karansebesch / Karánsebes] / Hętraie, sur Petasites / S. Barrier nş 71-323  25 Juin 1971" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04410476 - P 04410476.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/464660397; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04410477 - P 04410477 - gbif.org/occurrence/465189191; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Muntenia / Țara Românească  / Valahia / Greater Wallachia

Prahova County / Județul Prahova: "La poalele Bucecilor pe rădăcini de Petasites şi de Tussilago pe la Poeana-Ţapului [Poiana Țapului, Oraş Buşteni] (Knecht.) la Urlătoarea [Cascada Urlătoarea, Oraş Buşteni] şi în valea Babelor [Parcul Natural Bucegi]! (Grecescu 1898: 450, sub O. flava); "Jud. Prahova [Prahova County / Județul Prahova]. Pe pârâul Cetăţuia 950 m, sub M-le Tabla Butei, 21 Aug. 1943. Pe pârâul Telejenel spre Poiana Stânei, 14 Aug. 1942, sub M-le Zăgan. Pe pârâul Telejenel spre Greceanca, 16 Aug. 1920, sub M-le Zăgan. Drumul Reginei pe pârâul Rece spre Predeal, 29 Iulie 1934. Jud. Buzău [Buzău County / Județul Buzău]. La întorsătura Buzăului sub Piatra Laptelui, 14 Aug. 1942 ... Jud. Vâlcea [Vâlcea County / Județul Vâlcea]. Pe pârâul Bistriţa în Chei, 17 Iulie 1928, la M-rea Bistriţa, planta nutrită de Tussilago Farfara L." (Grinţescu 1946: 151, loc. class. of O. flava f. euflava); "Jud. Prahova [Prahova County / Județul Prahova]. Pe pârâul Cetăţuia 950 m, sub M-le Tabla Buţei, 21 Aug. 1943" (Grinţescu 1946: 151, loc. class. of O. flava f. flavo-rosea); "Jud. Prahova [Prahova County / Județul Prahova]. Pe pârâul Cetăţuia 950 m, sub M-le Tabla Buţei, 21 Aug. 1943" (Grinţescu 1946: 152, loc. class. of O. flava f. roseo-violacea); "Jud. Prahova [Prahova County / Județul Prahova]. Pe pârâul Cetăţuia 950 m, sub M-le Tabla Buţei, 21 Aug. 1943" (Grinţescu 1946: 152, loc. class. of O. flava f. persicina); "Herbarul Facultatii de Silvicultura / Orobanche flava Mart. / Romania - Montibus Bicegi [Bucegi Mountains] / In Petasitate, ad margines rivull, pro- / pe Urlătoarea, alt. cca 950 m s.m. / 30-VI-1979 / Leg. D. Parassan / M. Dancin [?]" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04410480 - P 04410480.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/464660398; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017).

Moldavia / Moldova

Neamt County: "Monăştirea Neamtu [Mânăstirea Neamţ, Comuna Vânători Neamţ] (Chan)" (Grecescu 1898: 450, sub O. flava).

Transsylvania [Siebenbürgen]: "Rumaenia: in declivibus carpaticis [Carpathian Mountains]. (leg. Brandza); ... ; non vidi ex Comit. Trenczinensi prope Turecko et in monte Nedzo (s. Keller quod c. d. Holuby negat.)" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava).

Brașov County / Județul Brașov: (Jud. Braşov [Brașov County / Județul Brașov]. La Urlătoarea pe apa Buzăului, 21 Aug. 1943" (Grinţescu 1946: 151, loc. class. of O. flava f. euflava).

Cluj County / Județul Cluj: "in valle Ordenkusiei prope Szkerisora, prope Retyczát et Klausenburg [Cluj-Napoca] (leg. Simonkai)" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava).

Hunedoara County: "in Valea pulsulin prope Petrosa [Petroşani] (leg. Kerner)" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava).

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Russia / Rusia / Россия [need to be revised] (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 108[103], sub O. flava; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, "Rs (W)", sub O. flava; Uhlich 2010; Plantarium 25916; accessed Dec 2018)

North Caucasian Federal District / Северо-Кавказский федеральный округ

Dagestan / Daghestan / Республика Дагестан (formerly Дагестанская АССР / Dagestan SSSR): "Caucasus: Ciscaucasia, Dagestan" (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 108[103], sub O. flava); "Цветущие растения среди листьев Petasites sp. Дагестан, Буйнакский р-н [Buynaksky District], окр. с. Манасаул [Manasaul, 42°45'00.0"N 47°01'32.0"E], буковый лес, вблизи ручья. 24 июня 2018 г." (plantarium.ru/page/image/id/575908, 575907, 575906, 575905, 575904, 575903, 575900 and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/575899 by Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] 2018 in Plantarium 25916; accessed Dec 2018).

North Ossetia-Alania Republic / Республика Северная Осетия-Алания (former North Ossetian Autonomous SSR / Северо-Осетинская АССР): "Цветущие растения на лугу, возникшем на месте старой залежи. Северная Осетия, север Осетинской равнины, правобережье р. Урсдон [Ursdon river, 43°15'30.0"N 44°14'38.0"E, Ardonsky District / Ардонский район]. 09.05.2010" (plantarium.ru/page/image/id/59701, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/59702, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/59703 and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/59704 by Владимир Иванов [Vladimir Ivanov] 2020; таксон определил(а) Андрей Ковальчук [Andriy Kovalchuk] in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2021).

Southern Federal District / Южный федеральный округ

Krasnodar Krai / Краснодарский край / Kuban: "Orobanche flava ... / Краснодарский кр., Кавказский / государственный заповедник [Caucasian State Reserve, Mostovsky District / Мостовский район], / верховья р. Уруштен [Reka Urushten], буково- / березовое криволесье. / N.ş 3101 13 августа 2003 г. / Leg. А.С. Зернов, Е.В. Шапар, / А.В. Кудиков [A.S. Zernov, E.V. Shapar & A.V. Kudikov] / Det. А.С. Зернов" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0723473 - MW 0723473.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018 [cf.]); "Цветущее растение (высота - 50 см). Краснодарский край, окр. Красной Поляны [Krasnaya Polyana], ок. 1000 м н.у.м., у р. Бешенка [43°42'20.0"N 40°10'49.0"E, Adlersky City District / Адлерский внутригородской район]. 01.08.2016" (plantarium.ru/page/image/id/466618, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/466617 and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/466616 by Геннадий Окатов [Gennadiy Okatov] 2016; растение определил(а) Владислав Григоренко [Vladislav Grigorenko] in Plantarium 25916; accessed Dec 2018 [on Petasites]); "Цветущее растение. Краснодарский край, Кавказский заповедник [Caucasian State Reserve, Mostovsky District / Мостовский район], ≈ 2000 м н.у.м., субальпийский луг. 28.07.2018" (plantarium.ru/page/image/id/579116 by Александр Перевозов [Alexander Perevozov] 2018 in Plantarium; accessed Mar 2021); "город-курорт Сочи [Sochi resort city, 43°42'51.8"N 40°10'47.0"E, near Krasnaya Polyana / Красная Поляна, Adlersky City District / Адлерский внутригородской район]", 15 Aug 2019 (inaturalist.org/observations/67696189 by Svetlana Nesterova in iNaturalist.org; accessed Mar 2021); "Даховская [Dakhovskaya] — плато Лагонаки [Lago-Naki Plateau], Мезмай [Mezmay, 44°08'39.5"N 40°03'10.4"E, Apsheronsky District / Апшеронский район]" (inaturalist.org/observations/37294663 by annvro in iNaturalist.org; accessed Mar 2021).

Republic of Adygea / Республика Адыгея: Russian Federation: NW-Kaukasus (Großer Kauk.) Maikopskij Rajon [Maykopsky District / Майкопский район], Thac-Region, S Poliana Firsowa, N des Bolschoi Thac, 2002-07-12, Leg.: Rätzel, S. (B 10  1037923 - jacq.org/detail.php?ID=1465846; holotype of O. flava subsp. cicerbitae); idem (B 10 1037938 - jacq.org/detail.php?ID=1465859; isotype of O. flava subsp. cicerbitae); idem (B 10 1042999 - jacq.org/detail.php?ID=1465841; type of O. flava subsp. cicerbitae); "Typus: Rossia, in Caucaso boreo-occidentali (Adygaea) ... Poljana Firsova, ca. 1450 m. s. m. ... ad radices Cicerbitae cf. petiolatae [Cicerbita petiolata (K. Koch) Gadnidze; Prenanthes petiolata (K. Koch) Sennikov], leg. Rätzel 12.07.2002 n. 3501..." (Uhlich & Rätzel 2004: 207[-209], loc. class. of O. flava subsp. cicerbitae); "Orobanche elatior Sutt. / Кавказский гос. заповедник [Caucasus Nature Reserve], Адыгея, / дорога с кордона Гузерипль [Guzeripl, Maykopsky District / Майкопский район] на пастбище Абаго [Abago pasture, near Guzeripl / Гузерипль], / буково-пихтовый лес. На белокопытнике [on Petasites?]  / № 4034 4 августа 2004 г. / Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) / А.С. Зернов, Е.В. Шапар, / А.В. Кудиков [A.S. Zernov, E.V. Shapar & A.V. Kudikov] / Det. А.С. Зернов [A.S. Zernov]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717010 - MW 0717010.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021).

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Serbia / Srbija / Србија (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava; Beck 1930: 263, sub O. flava; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. flava; Kojić & al. 2001: 85, sub O. flava)

Šumadija and Western Serbia / Шумадија и западна Србија: "Serbia: Drum Debeli in valle Drinae [Drina River, Mačva District / Мачвански округ / Mačvanski okrug] Serbiae rnerid. occid. (leg. Pančić)" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava).

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Slovakia / Slovensko / Eslovaquia / Slowakei (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava; Beck 1930: 262, sub O. flava; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. flava; Kreutz 1995: 96, "Carpathian Mountains"; Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava; Uhlich 2010; O. flava in Atlas-rastlin; accessed Jun 2011; O. flava in nahuby.sk; accessed Jun 2011)

Banská Bystrica Region / Banskobystrický Kraj: "in monte Sytno prope Schemnitz [Banská Štiavnica] (leg. Kmet)" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava).

Prešov Region / Prešovský Kraj: "L. Chevalier, Précigné // Flora Tatrae / Orobanche flava Mart. / Auf Petasites an der Bialka [Białka Tatrzańska, Tatra County, Poland] bei / Javorina [Tatranská Javorina] August 89. / Kőnishutte ... / Dr med N. Naynen" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04405599 - P 04405599.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/464660558; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017); idem (OHN 134910 - gbif.org/occurrence/266141, accssed Jan 2017); "Flora Tatrae / Orobanche flava Mart. / Auf Petasites an der Bialka [Białka Tatrzańska, Tatra County, Poland] bei / Javorina [Tatranská Javorina] August 89. / Königshütte O/S / Dr. med. W. Wagner" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/snsnmc/collection/che/item/che010171 - CHE 010171.jpg - hb. Corbičre - gbif.org/occurrence/1019757283; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021); idem (science.mnhn.fr/institution/snsnmc/collection/che/item/che010172 - CHE 010172.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1019757313; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021); "Javorina [Tatranská Javorina] (leg. Fritze) ... Polhoza Comit. Arva, Drechselhäuschen in monte Tatra [Tatra / Tatras / Tatra / Tatry / Tátra Mountains, Carpathian Mountains]" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava); "Ad ripas fluvii Vag, VII, G. Schereel, W 10076" (Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava); "Duplum ex Herb. W / ... / Herbarium V. Žíla, Strakonice / Orobanche flava F.W. Schultz / ... Slovacia septentrionalis, montes Vysoké Tatry, oppidum / Poprad, pagus Podbánské: ad marginen silvae ad viam publicam inter pagos Štrbské pleso et / Podbánské. / ... 1108 m s. m. / 25.7.2002 / leg. Vojtěch Žíla // with host plant (leaf): Petasites" (NY 03487098; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018); "Poland and Slovakia, the High Tatra [High Tatras / High Tatra / Vysoké Tatry / Tatry Wysokie (Eastern Tatras / Východné Tatry / Tatry Wschodnie, Tatra / Tatras / Tatra / Tatry / Tátra Mountains]" (photos i-ZKkmmPN/A and i-m4PpwJr/A by M. van den Brink in Poland and Slovakia, the High and Low Tatra; accessed Jun 2011); "Die Art ist v.a. in den Kalkgebirgen der Slowakei recht häufig, aber auch in den Kalkalpen immer wieder zu finden. Das Bild entstand am 15.7.2006 unterhalb des Ohniste im nördlichen Kalkgürtel der Niederen Tatra / Nizke Tatry / Slowenska Republika / Slowakei" (fotocommunity.de/pc/pc/display/9395299 by Frank ZimmermannBB in fotocommunity; accessed Jun 2011); "22. júl 2008, Západné Tatry - Roháčské plesá" (nahuby.sk/obrazok_detail.php?obrazok_id=144977 by Pavol Kešeľák in nahuby.sk; accessed Jun 2011); "28. jún 2010, malá fatra" (nahuby.sk/obrazok_detail.php?obrazok_id=247072 by Tomas Figura; accessed Jun 2011); "24. júl 2009, Stratená- Ostrá skala" (nahuby.sk/obrazok_detail.php?obrazok_id=176334 by Miroslav Fekiač in nahuby.sk; accessed Jun 2011); Fotografováno ve dnech 20. 7. 2006 (žlutě zbarvená – Slovensko, okraj silnice u Tatranskej Kotliny [between Tatranské Matliare and Tatranská Kotlina, bellow the northern slopes of Kobylí vrch (Nag Peak) in the Belianske Tatras / Belianske Tatry / Tatry Bielskie [Eastern Tatras / Východné Tatry / Tatry Wschodnie]) a 21.7.2006 (oranžově zbarvená – Slovensko, okraj smrkového lesa u Ždiaru [Ždiar, Belianske Tatras / Belianske Tatry / Tatry Bielskie]) (photo by Gabriela Leugnerová, 5.7.2007 in Botany.cz; accessed Jun 2011); Ždiar [Belianske Tatras] on Petasites hybridus. 27.06.2014, C. Pachschwöll et al. [Herbarium Pachschwöll CP1069], conf. Schneeweiss (WU 0090429 - herbarium.univie.ac.at/database/detail.php?ID=1137069; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018).

Žilina Region / Žilinský kraj / Kraj żyliński: "Flora Hungarica / Nro 13424 / Orobanche flava Mart. / auf Petasites / Fenyőháza (Ľubochňa) [Ružomberok District] / ... Aug. 1898 / leg. L. Richter 55 // Ex herb. Lud. Richter" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04410481 - P 04410481.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/465124276; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017); "Dr. C. Baenitz, Herbarium Europaeum. N.ş 19229 / Orobanche flava Mart. / = O. Petasitis Borb. / Flora Hungarica: Liptau [Liptov]; auf Petasites im Villenort Lubochna (Fényöháza). / 20.8.98.– leg. L. Richter" (data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817534 - L 2817534.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018); Slovacia, Žilinský kraj, Liptovské Revúce. Velká Fatra [Western Carpathians]: Revúca - Križná, J. Malý 1625 1993-07-04, conf. Jiří Zázvorka (BRNU 641558 - herbarium.univie.ac.at/database/detail.php?ID=978352 [n.v.]).

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Slovenia / Slovenija / Eslovenia / Slowenien (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. flava; Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava; Anderle & al. 2009: 46-49, 49 f.1 "Distribution", sub O. flava)

Goriška: "Goricia (Görz): pr. Tolraein" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava).

Lower Styria / Štajerska / Untersteiermark / Slovenian Styria / Štajerska: "Orobanche jaune clair - Robanov kot - Slovénie - Juillet 2010"; accessed Jun 2011).

Upper Carniola / Gorenjska / Oberkrain: "Wochein [Bohinj Basin / Bohinjska kotlina, Julian Alps], nächst dem Sawitzafall, 31-VII-1913, K. Ronninger, W 9022." (Pujadas 2003: 391, sub O. flava var. flava).

"New localities in the Alpine (Julian and Kamnik Alps, Karavanke), pre-Alpine (Škofjeloško hribovje, Šentviška planota) and Dinaric (Trebuša valley) hytogeographical areas of Slovenia (B. Anderle, I. Dakskobler,  B. Frajman)" (Anderle & al. 2009).

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Spain / Espańa / Espagne / Spanien [in error for native Orobanche haenseleri Reut. (Carlón & al. 2005: 46-48)]

Catalonia / Cataluńa / Catalunya

Lérida / Lleida: "Pirineo ilerdense ... Spa, Lleida: Val d'Aran, Baqueira, iníci pujada al Port de la Bonaigua, marge de carretera, substrat silici, sobre esquists, damunt de Tussilago farfara, 31TCH3129, 1500 m, 29-VI-2001, A. Pujadas, COA 31090. Val d'Aran, Baqueira, Costes de Ruda, a 1,5 km del Port de la Bonaigua. herbassars, 31TCH3327,1900 m, 29-VI-2001, A. Pujadas, COA 31089 ... Fig. 1 - Orobanche flava Mart. ex F.W. Schultz var. flava, Costes de Ruda, Val d'Aran, Baqueira, Lérida, COA 31089 [the drawing corresponds to a specimen of O. haenseleri]" (Pujadas 2003: 388-390, f. 1, sub O. flava var. flava [see O. haenseleri Reut.]).

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Sweden / Suecia / Sučde / Schweden [unconfirmed] (Artportalen (Swedish Species Observation System) in gbif.org/occurrence/search?offset=60&taxon_key=7332516; accessed Dec 2018).

Gotland: Visby (pbase.com/image/158954566 [25 Jan 2015] et pbase.com/bister/image/165705987 [21 Aug 2016] by Paolo Peggi (aka Bracciodiferro) in Pbase.com; accessed Dec 2018).

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Switzerland / Schweiz / Suisse / Svizzera / Svizra / Suiza (Fischer 1847: 6, loc. class. of O. petasitis; Reichenbach f. 1862: 106, t. 207, f. 2, loc. class. of O. froelichii; Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava; Beck 1930: 262, sub O. flava; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, sub O. flava; Kreutz 1995: 96; Pujadas 2003: 391-392, sub O. flava var. flava; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, 295 photo 1!, sub O. flava; Carlón & al. 2005: 52, lám. 18).

Appenzell Innerrhoden: "Appenzell. In Petasite albo [Petasites albus (L.) Gaertn.]. Fröhlich!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 106, t. 207, f. 2, loc. class. of O. froelichii); "Helv. (c. Appenztell)" (Nyman 1881: 560, sub O. laserpitii-sileris subsp. froelichii); "herb. Vindobonensi [Collectio Reichenb. f.]" (Beck 1930: 261, sub O. flava).

Bern / Berne: "Orobanche Petasitis (nova Spec.) fand ich im Laufe Juli's dieses Jahres auf Petasites albus, im Walde, am sogenannten Wege zu den Speichern, zwischen Wilderswyl und Saxeten, nicht weit von Ietzterm Bergdorfe, circa 3300 Fuss über das Meer." (Fischer 1847: 6, loc. class. of O. petasitis).

Geneva / Genčve / Genčva / Genf / Ginebra: "Helvetia: ab Cant. Genf ..." (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava).

Glarus / Glaris: Glarus [47°01'09.2"N 8°57'34.8"E , near Klöntalersee] (inaturalist.org/observations/55178550 by mathias_s in iNaturalist.org; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021 [O. lycoctoni Rhiner]).

Graubünden / Grisons / Grischun / Grigioni: "Dét. le 11.8.43 // Herbier L. Faurel / Orobanche flava Martius / sur Petasites sp. ? / Lieux humides des gorges de Züge [46°42'39.0"N 9°45'18.0"E, Davos] vers 1.250 mčtres / Suisse / 23.7.1936" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu343657 - MPU 343657.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424970166; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021 [see herbonautes.mnhn.fr/specimens/UM/MPU/MPU323526]); "Zwitserland / Herbarium D.T.E. v. d. Ploeg / Filisur graubundza / 17 juli 1972 / ... bosrand, houtkap / Orobanche flava H. Martius / ... cf. ... op Petasites ... / ..." (data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817527 - L 2817527.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018); "GR" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava).

Obwalden: "Herb. Lugd. Batav. / Orobanche flava Mart. / Leg. J.Th. Koster / No.: 5312 Dat.: 28.VII.1929 det. K. / Loc.: Zwitserland, Engelberg, weide / Annot.: 1100 m alt." (data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817528 - L 2817528.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018).

Saint Gallen / Sankt Gallen / Saint-Gall / San Gallo: "Société Française, 1927 / Exsicc. Ch. Duffour / 5549 – Orobanche flava Mart. / Suisse: Saint-Gall; Alpe Lavtina, abondant. Alt. 1400 m. / 6 aoűt 1926  Leg. A. Thellung; Ded. Hans Schinz." (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p03810685 - P 03810685.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/607534688; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04441452 - P 04441452.jpg - herb. J. Arčnes 2180 - gbif.org/occurrence/464897896; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Weisstannen, Alp Laotina, 1400 m, auf Petasites paradoxus, 6-VIII-1926, A. Thellung, Z. Weisstannen, Vor-Sier, 1170 m, auf Petasites paradoxus, 9-VIII-1926, A. Thellung, Z" (Pujadas 2003: 392, sub O. flava var. flava); Weisstannen, below the Näserina sheepfold, 32TNT20, 1370 m, apparently parasitic on Petasites cf. paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg. in stony soils, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral, 25 Jul 2004 (obs.); ibidem, Vättis, Sankt Martin im Calfeisental, 32TNS29, 1340 m, parasitic on (!) Petasites paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg. in stony soils (limestone substrate), G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0207/2004, MM0207B/2004 et MM0207C/2004, 26 Jul 2004 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12018, 12018B et 12018C); ibidem, between St. Martin and Gigerwald, 32TNS29, 1350 m, apparently parasitic on Petasites cf. paradoxus (Retz.) Baumg. in rocky roadside, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral, 26-VII-2004 (obs.) (Carlón & al. 2005: 48, 52, lám. 18); "Orobanche flava Mart. /... / ... Weisstannental, Seitental / des Gufenbaches, oberes Tal, auf Petasites / paradoxus, 1300-1500 m üNN, ... / leg. Holger Uhlich 27.07.2012" (FR 0108909; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2018).

Schwyz / Schwytz / Svitto: "4185 // Orobanche flava Mart. / Flora Helv.:  Mythen [Kleiner_Mythen] — Canton de / Schwytz — Calcaire / Parasite sur Adenostyles alpinea [Adenostyles alpina (L.) Bluff & Fingerh.] / 1.VIII.78 leg. Eggler / comm. Buser" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu095562 - MPU 095562.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/1424856080; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021 [poor preserved specimens, cf. O. lycoctoni Rhiner]).

Ticino / Ticino / Tessin: "Helvetia: ab Cant. ... etiam in Tessin" (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava); "TI" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 294, sub O. flava).

Vaud / Waadt / Vad: "Helvetia: ab Cant. ... Waadt per plurimos medios..." (Beck 1890: 183, sub O. flava).

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Ukraine / Ucrania / Україна / Украи́н (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 108[103], sub O. flava; Chater & Webb 1972: 293, "Rs (W)", sub O. flava; Pusch 2009: 85 Abb. 117, sub O. flava; Piwowarczyk 2015: 42, sub O. flava)

Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast / Івано-Франківська область

Nadvirna Raion / Надвірнянський район: Mykulychin, 27.07.2017, Leg.: Viktor Shabanov (photo 41959 by Lyudmila Kapshuchenko in Ukrainian Biodiversity Information Network / Національна мережа інформації з біорізноманіття; accessed Nov 2018).

Lviv Oblast / Львівська область: "European USSR: Upper Dniester (?)" (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 108[103], sub O. flava); "Зацветающее растение на лесной поляне. Паразитирует на белокопытнике, который виден рядом. Украина [Ukraine], Прикарпатье [Prykarpattia, Carpathians], июнь 2007 г. [June 2007]" (plantarium.ru/page/image/id/9538 by Ирина Коновалова [Irene Konovalova] 2009; растение определил(а) Галина Конечная [Galina Konechnaya] in Plantarium; accessed Dec 2012); "Ukraine: in the east Carpathian Mts." (Piwowarczyk 2015: 42, sub O. flava).

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References.

Albers, F. & Pusch, J. 1999. Vervollständigung und Bestätigung der Chromosomenzahlen ausgewählter mitteleuropäischer Orobanche-Sippen. Haussknechtia 7: 53-57.

Anderle, B., Dakskobler, I. & Frajman, B. 2009. Notulae ad floram Sloveniae – Orobanche flava Mart. ex F.W. Schultz. Hladnikia 24: 46-50. URL: http://botanicnodrustvo.splet.arnes.si/files/2019/03/Hladnikia_24_2009_2a.pdf.

Beránek, Á. 2009. New occurrence of Orobanche flava Mart. ex F. W. Schultz in Northern Hungary. Flora Pannonica (Short notes) 7: 77-82. URL: http://novtan.emk.nyme.hu/novtan/florapannonica/PDF/Vol.07/FP7_09.pdf.

Beck, G. 1890. Monographie der Gattung Orobanche. Biblioth. Bot. 19. Theodor Fischer. Kassel. URL: https://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/idurl/1/10221.

Beck, G. 1922 [31 May 1922]. IX. (CXVII). […] Orobanchaceae novae. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 33[465]-40[472]. URL: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/7043.

Beck, G. 1930 [30 Sep 1930]. IV. 261. Orobanchaceae Lindl. In: Engler, A. (ed.). Das Pflanzenreich. Regni Vegetabili Conspectus. Wilhelm Engelmann. Leipzig, pp. 1-348. URL: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/71652.

Bonnier, G.E.M. (1926 [Mar 1926]). Orobancheae: 89-102, t. 463-467. In: Bonnier, G.E.M. & Douin, R.C V. (eds.), Flore Complčte illustrée en couleurs de la France, Suisse et Belgique 8(78). Paris, Neuchâtel & Bruxelles. URL: https://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/idurl/1/15906. [Fl. ill. France 8(78): 89-102, t. 463-467 (Famille 91: Orobancheae) (1926)]. (TL-2: 644, "Co-author: Robert Charles Victor Douin (1892-x) (vols. 7-13) ... Vols. 7-9: La direction de la publication a été confiée ŕ M. Robert Douin ...". (Lonchamp, J.-P. Oct 1999. Index Synonymique de la Flore de France. URL: http://www.inra.fr/Dijon/malherbo/fdf/biblio.htm, "aprčs la disparition de G. Bonnier, 1922, les citations sont attribuables ŕ Douin !").

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Zázvorka, J. 2000. Orobanchaceae Vent. Zárezovité. In: Slavík, B., Štepánková, J. & Chrtek, J. iunior (eds.). Kvĕtena České republiky 6: 477-513. Praga.

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