Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 17 May 2020


Accepted Name:

Orobanche kurdica Boiss. & Hausskn. in Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(2): 505 (1879 [Apr-May 1879]) ["(Boiss. & Haussk)"] (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 46.2)

Synonyms:

Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche rosea Tzvelev in Komarov, Fl. SSSR 23 [Addenda 22]: 687 [105] (1958). Syn.: = Orobanche kurdica Boiss. & Hausskn. (1879) (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 84). Ind. loc.: "Described from Nakhichevan ASSR [Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, Republic of Azerbaijan] (peaks of low mountains 1.5-2 km east of city of Ordubad, 9 VI 1956, T. Egorova, N. Tzvelev and S. Czerepanov). Type in Leningrad (LE [Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 90 f. 61])". Host: "Parasitic on Prangos ferulacea (L.) Lindl. [Cachrys prangoides Boiss.] (Umbelliferae)" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 106). "Type:Nakhichevan (lectotype here designated): "peaks of low mountains 1.5‒2 km east of city of Ordubad, on Prangos ferulacea, 9 VI 1956, T. Egorova, N. Tzvelev & S. Cherepanov no. 365” (LE s.n.!)" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 89, 90 f. 61). Distribution: "Caucasus: Southern Transcaucasia, Talysh. Soviet Central Asia: mountainous Turkmenia. General distribution: Armenia-Kurdistan, Iran." (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 106). Ic.: "Цветущее растение. Армения, обл. Котайк, близ г. Гутанасар [Armenia, Kotayk Province, near Gutanasar], разнотравная степь. 27.05.2012" (photo 166947 et 166946 by Владислав Куропаткин [Vladislav Kuropatkin], det. Холгер Улих [Holger Uhlich] in Plantarium, accessed May 2015 [Prangos ferulacea its host plant right behind it])

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= Orobanche kurdica var. macrocalyx Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 260 (1930). Ind. loc.: Turkey: "Russisch Armenien: auf dem Berge Ararat [Mount Ararat, Ağrı Province / Ağrı ili-Iğdır Province/ Iğdır ili], im Juli 1893 (W. Lipsky!)"

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Misapplied names:

Orobanche elatior auct., non Orobanche elatior Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 178, t. 17 (1798) (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 98)

Orobanche longibracteata auct., non Orobanche longibracteata Schiman-Czeika in Rechinger, Fl. Iran. 5: 17 [t. 7 f. 1, t. 8 f. 4] (1964) (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 98)

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Ind. loc.: "Hab. ad Phlomides, Tanacetum, Carduaceas parasitica in montibus Avroman [Auroman Mountains / Hawraman / Kut-e Owraman, provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah in western Iran and in north-eastern Iraq within Iraq's Kurdistan Region] et Schahu [Kuh-e Shahu, Kurdistan] Kurdistaniae Persicae 8-9000' (Haussk! [Haussknecht])" (Boissier 1979: 505).

Lectotypus / Lectotype: "Type:—Iran (lectotype here designated): Montes Avroman [Auroman Mountains / Kut-e Owraman, Kurdistan Province] et Schahu [Kuh-e Shahu, Kurdistan Province], Jul. 1867, no.710 [Haussknecht It. Orient.] (G-00383283-hb. Reuter-Barbey!); isolectotypes: (JE-00003913!); (JE-00003914!); (BM-000997922!); (BM-000997923!); (LE s.n.!, Fig. 59)" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 84).

Designated by: Piwowarczyk & al. in Phytotaxa 386(1): 84 (2019).

Host: "Hosts:—Prangos sp. (Apiaceae), usually P. ferulacea (L.) Lindl. [Cachrys prangoides Boiss.] and sporadically P. pabularia Lindl. [P. lophoptera Boiss.]" (Nábĕlek 1926: 38, sub O. kurdica; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 88, sub O. kurdica; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed May 2019).

Comments:

Taxonomic observations: "Orobanche kurdica (O. rosea) is morphologically most similar to O. kochii F.W. Schultz (1847: 66), which occurs mainly in central Europe to Crimea, while localities listed from Asia need to be confirmed (Zázvorka 2010)" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 88).

Phylogenetic observations: "O. sintenisii Beck ex Bornm. - AY209276: Turkey, Anatolia, Bitlis, Kuzkunkiram pass, west of the pass, 2030 m, on Prangos ferulacea (Apiaceae), DA & N. Adigüzel (WU: Albach 664)" (Carlón & al. 2005: 61 f. 4, 65, sub O. sintenisii; Carlón & al. 2008: 13 f. 2 [phylogenetic relationship], sub O. sintenisii).

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, Beck 1890: t. 3 f. 52; b, lectotype: Auroman Mountains (G-00383283-hb. Reuter-Barbey); c, Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 85 f. 57, 86 f. 58, sub O. kurdica.

Distribution: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia [unconfirmed], Iran, Iraq, Turkmenistan [unconfirmed] and Turkey.

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien / Arménie / Әрмәнстан / Армения (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 106, sub O. rosea; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. kurdica; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 89, 92-93 f. 60, sub O. kurdica)

Aragatsotn Province / Арагацотнская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 89, sub O. kurdica)

Ararat Province / Араратская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 89, sub O. kurdica): "[Khosrov Forest State Reserve] Prowincja Ararat, Armenia, 27 May 2016" (Gbif 2013764195 - iNaturalist 9924130 by Grzegorz Grzejszczak, sub O. rosea, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019).

Gegharkunik Province / Гехаркуникская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 89, sub O. kurdica)

Kotayk Province / Котайкская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 92, sub O. kurdica): "Цветущее растение. Армения, обл. Котайк, близ г. Гутанасар [Armenia, Kotayk Province, near Gutanasar], разнотравная степь. 27.05.2012" (photo 166947 et 166946 by Владислав Куропаткин [Vladislav Kuropatkin], det. Холгер Улих [Holger Uhlich], sub O. rosea, in Plantarium, accessed May 2015 [Prangos ferulacea its host plant right behind it]).

Shirak Province / Ширакская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 92, sub O. kurdica)

Syunik Province / Сюникская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 92, sub O. kurdica)

Tavush Province / Тавушская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 92, sub O. kurdica)

Vayots Dzor Province / Вайоцдзорская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 89, sub O. kurdica): 1. "Herbarium nomine V.L. Komarovi / Instituti Botanici Academiae Scientiarum / Armenia / ERE 63429 / Orobanche rosea Tzvelv. / Арм. ССР [Армянская Советская Социалистическая Республика / Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic] / Азизбеков рн [Азизбековский район (Вайкский район)] ... 20.VI.1957 Leg. ... Det. Tzvelev". 2. "Orobanche rosea m. / ... Prangos ferulacea / 11 X 1957 Tzvelev". 3. "Orobanche rosea Tzvel. 1958 / ... / 1999.IV Determ. V. Avetisian / Specimen authenticum" (ERE 63429; rev. Piwowarczyk Aug 2018); "[near Vayk] Prowincja Wajoc Dzor, Armenia, 3 Jun 2016" (Gbif 2013764222 - iNaturalist 9925153 by Grzegorz Grzejszczak, sub O. rosea, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019 [on Prangos sp. (Apiaceae)]); "[near Vayk] Prowincja Wajoc Dzor, Armenia, 3 Jun 2016" (Gbif. 2013764226 - iNaturalist.org/observations/9925154 by Grzegorz Grzejszczak, sub O. rosea, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019 [on Prangos sp. (Apiaceae)]).

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaďdjan (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 106, loc. class. of O. rosea; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 84, sub O. kurdica)

"Talysh" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 106, sub of O. rosea).

Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic / Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası / Нахичеванская Автономная Республика: "Type:Nakhichevan (lectotype [of O. rosea] here designated): "peaks of low mountains 1.5‒2 km east of city of Ordubad [Ордубад], on Prangos ferulacea, 9 VI 1956, T. Egorova, N. Tzvelev & S. Cherepanov no. 365" (LE s.n.!)" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 89, 90 f. 61); "Described from Nakhichevan ASSR (peaks of low mountains 1.5-2 km east of city of Ordubad, 9 VI 1956, T. Egorova, N. Tzvelev and S. Czerepanov). Type in Leningrad (LE). Parasitic on Prangos ferulacea (L.) Lindl. (Umbelliferae)" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 106, loc. class. of O. rosea); "Цветущее растение. Азербайджан, Нахчыван, Ордубадский р-н [Ordubad District], окр. с. Билев, каменистый склон. 22.05.2019", "Цветущее растение. Азербайджан, Нахчыван, Ордубадский р-н [Ordubad District], окр. с. Парагачай [Parağaçay / Paragachay], под скалой. 21.04.2020" and "Цветущее растение. Азербайджан, Нахчыван, Шарурский р-н [Sharur District], окр. с. Данери, разнотравный-песчаный склон. 13.05.2020" (id/613999, id/653713 and id/656229 and by Намиг Аббасов [Namig Abbasov] 2020 in Plantarium, accessed May 2020).

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Georgia / Sakartvelo / Georgien / Géorgie / Грузия [unconfirmed] (Gagnidze 1999, Gagnidze 2005, Tarkhnishvili & Chaladze 2013)

Abkhazia / Аҧсны Аҳәынҭқарра / Респу́блика Абха́зия / Abchasien / Abjasia [unconfirmed] (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 106, sub O. colorata): "Abchasien: bei Gerjewskoje im Juni 1902 auf Salvia glutinosa L. (G. Woronin!)" (Beck 1930: 260, sub O. kurdica; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 106, sub O. colorata)

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Iran / Irán / Persia / Persien (Boissier 1979: 505, loc. class. of O. kurdica; Beck 1930: 260, sub O. kurdica; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 106, sub O. rosea; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. kurdica; Gilli 1979: 301, sub O. kurdica; Saeidi Mehrvarz 2010, sub O. kurdica; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 84, sub O. kurdica)

East Azerbaijan Province: "Persia: W: Azerb.: in jugo inter Marand et Sufian, 1600-1700 m, Rech. 41240, 41241. Ghogeh Dagh prope Bazorgan [Bazargan], 2200-2250 m, Lamond 5003" (Gilli 1979: 301, sub O. kurdica).

Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province: "Tange Nafon, 2100 m, near Chaldan [Chuleh Dan, Ardal County], Bazoft Valley, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari prov." (photos i-sqqv43N/A [Prangos sp. its host plant right behind it], i-9LVTFjh/A, i-SgKr55R/A and i-QSvHqVV/A by Marijn van den Brink, det. Holger Uhlich, in Iran, Zagros mountains, Central part I - Together with H. d. Vries and K.J. v. Zwienen, April-May 2008); "Orobanche kurdica (Mountain: Tange Nafon, 40 km NW of Lordegan)" (photos i-3FNQ6d6/A, i-zWpXGfX/A and i-L9WzBhP by Kees Jan van Zwienen in Zagros Mountains 2008 - KeesJan.smugmug.com; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017); "Orobanche spec. (Mountain: Tange Nafon, 40 km NW of Lordegan)" (photo i-bQw7CMf/A by Kees Jan van Zwienen in Zagros Mountains 2008 - KeesJan.smugmug.com; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017 [yellow form, Prangos sp. its host plant right behind it]).

Golestan Province: "Talysh" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 106, sub of O. rosea; "Persia: N: Gorg. [Gorgan County]: M. Shahvar [Kuh-e Shahvar] prope Hajjilang, 2600-2800 m, Rech. 6170!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. kurdica).

Kurdistan Province / Kordestan: 1. "Orobanche kurdica B. et  Haussknecht / Haussknecht Ir. Orient.". 2. "Orobanche kurdica B. et  Haussk. / Scripsit Boissier / Haussknecht It. Orient. / Montes Avroman [Auroman Mountains / Kut-e Owraman] / et Schahu [Kuh-e Shahu]. Jul.—1867. / 710" (G 00383283 - hb. Reuter-Barbey, lectotype of O. kurdica (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 84)); 1. "Orob sp. n. / 710 Avroman / Ononis Columnae !". 2. "Orobanche kurdica Boiss. et Hskn. / sp. n. / ad radices Tanacet. sp. 8-9000' / Haussknecht It. Orient. / Montes Avroman / et Schahu. Jul.—1867." (JE 00003914 - hb. Haussknecht, isolectotype of O. kurdica (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 84)); 1. "Iter Kurdicum - Haussknecht". 2. "Professor C. Haussknecht. Iter Kurdicum 1867. Orobanche sp. n.  / ad radic. Phlomid., Tanaceti sp. / in montibus calcareis Avroman et Schahu. / Jun.—Jul.". 3. "20302 Orobanche Linn. / kurdica, Boiss. et Haussk. / Herb. H. F. Hance. Recd. 1887. / In m. Avroman, Kurdistania / Junio 1867 (:Haussknecht n. 710.:)" (BM 000997922, isolectotype of O. kurdica (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 84)); 1. "Professor C. Haussknecht. Iter Kurdicum 1867 / Orobanche / sp. n. / in rad. Cirs. in m. Avroman, Schahu. / Kurdistan / dieb. Jun.". 2. "... / Isolectotypus / ..." (MW 0594767; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016, syntype of O. kurdica); idem (M 0185494 - 260442; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019, syntype of O. kurdica); "Hab. ad Phlomides, Tanacetum, Carduaceas parasitica in montibus Avroman [Auroman Mountains / Hawraman / Kut-e Owraman, provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah in western Iran and in north-eastern Iraq within Iraq's Kurdistan Region] et Schahu [Kuh-e Shahu, Kurdistan] Kurdistaniae Persicae 8-9000' (Haussk! [Haussknecht])" (Boissier 1979: 505, loc. class. of O. kurdica); "in montibus Avroman et Schahu Kurdistaniae Juni—Julio (leg. Haussknecht)" (Beck 1890: 181, sub O. kurdica); "Kurdistan auf den Bergen Avroman und Schahu im Juni und Juli (Haussknecht! im Herb. Wien und Haynald)" (Beck 1930: 260, sub O. kurdica).

Lorestan Province / Luristan: "Lur.: Oshtoran Kuh [Oshtorankuh], Str.!  Kuh Domane prope Khonsur, Str.!  Bisheh [Istgah-e Bisheh], 1200 m, Koeie 702!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. kurdica); "O. kurdica from Lorestan Province (Oshtrankuh [Oshtorankuh], Ghaleh of Rostam to Gohar, 2400-2700 m, Iranshahr 31651 is present in ... IRAN herbaria" (Saeidi Mehrvarz 2010, sub O. kurdica).

Qazvin Province: "Qazv.: Karaj, Gauba!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. kurdica).

West Azerbaijan Province: "Persien: an steinigen Stellen des Berges Gelosa [near Dilman / Salmas], im Juni 1884 (J.A. Knapp!)" (Beck 1930: 260, sub O. kurdica); "W: Azerb.: M. Gelosa prope Dilman, Knapp!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. kurdica).

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Iraq / al-‘Irāq / Irak (Boissier 1979: 505, loc. class. of O. kurdica; Zohary 1946, sub O. kurdica; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. kurdica; Al-Mayah & Al-Asadi 2018: 29, sub O. kurdica; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 84, sub O. kurdica)

Iraqi Kurdistan / Kurdistan Region

"Hab. ad Phlomides, Tanacetum, Carduaceas parasitica in montibus Avroman [Auroman Mountains / Hawraman / Kut-e Owraman, provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah in western Iran and in north-eastern Iraq within Iraq's Kurdistan Region] et Schahu [Kuh-e Shahu, Kurdistan] Kurdistaniae Persicae 8-9000' (Haussk! [Haussknecht])" (Boissier 1979: 505, loc. class. of O. kurdica).

Erbil Governorate / Arbil: "Iraq: Kurd.: ... M. Qandil [Qandil Mountains, Iraq-Iran border, Zagros mountain range], 2000-3000 m, E Qala Diza [Qaladiza], Thesiger 1161!, M. Helgurd [next to Nuqţat Kūrah Dī], 3500 m, Haley 157!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. kurdica); "MRO, Potine mount. of Shirwan Mazin, Erbil Liwa, A.D.Q. Agnew, R.W. Haines, E. Hader & F. Kadir, 0019620; MSU, Avraman mount. [loc. class. of O. kurdica], 1900 m, Al-Rawi & Hisham, 29355" (Al-Mayah & Al-Asadi 2018: 29, sub O. kurdica).

Halabja Governorate: "MSU, Horaman [Hawraman, loc. class. of O. kurdica], Tawela, Cumercipr Mont., Weinert & Mousawi, 0027443" (Al-Mayah & Al-Asadi 2018: 29, sub O. kurdica).

Sulaymaniyah Governorate: "Iraq: Kurd.: ... M. Pir Omar Gudrum, Hausskn.!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. kurdica).

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Kurdistan / Curdistan / Курдистан (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev [Cvelev] 1958: 102[ 132], sub O. major L., "Kurdistan"; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. maior) [unconfirmed, see O. kurdica (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 88)]

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Turkmenistan / Turkmenistán / Turkmenia / Туркмения [unconfirmed]

"Soviet Central Asia: mountainous Turkmenia [Kopet Dag?]" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 106, sub O. rosea).

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Turkey / Türkiye / Tuquía / Turkije / Турция (Beck 1890: 181, sub O. kurdica; Nábĕlek 1926: 38, sub O. kurdica; Beck 1930: 260, sub O. kurdica; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. kurdica; Gilli 1982: 20, sub O. kurdica; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 84, sub O. kurdica)

Central Anatolia Region / İç Anadolu Bölgesi [unconfirmed]

Niğde Province / Niğde ili [unconfirmed]: "Cappadocien: im Vilajet Konia Sandjak Nigde als O. anatolica, Ütsch kapu dagh zwischen Nigde und Bercketli, 1900 m Seehöhe (W. Siehe fl. orient. n. 422!." (Beck 1930: 260, sub O. kurdica).

Central East Anatolia Region / Ortadoğu Anadolu Bölgesi

Bitlis Province / Bitlis ili: "O. sintenisii Beck ex Bornm. - AY209276: Turkey, Anatolia, Bitlis, Kuzkunkiram pass, west of the pass, 2030 m, on Prangos ferulacea (Apiaceae), DA & N. Adigüzel (WU: Albach 664)" (Carlón & al. 2005: 65, sub O. sintenisii).

Hakkâri Province / Hakkâri ili: supra pagum Hašitha [Ashuta], Nábĕlek 726 (SAV 0003249 - SAV 0003249.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017); prope pagum Hašitha [Ashuta)], Nábĕlek 743 (SAV 0003272 - SAV 0003272.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017); "747 / Dr. Fr. Nábělek, Iter turcico-persicum 1909-10. / Orobanche Kurdica Boiss. et  Haussk. / corolla pallide roseo-violacea, stigma luteum, / flores inodori / 1.IX.1910. / Loc. Kurdistan, bor. orient. dit. Gulamerik [Hakkari, Taurus Armenus] ad pagum Garaspi / in monte Harefta inter Baškala et Kočanes, alt. ca. 2200 m. / [Centaurea Szowitsiana] / det.-leg. VII. 1914 Dr. Fr. Nábĕlek." (SAV 0003277 - SAV 0003277.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017); "Kurdistaniae Turcicae distr. Hakkiari: mons Dwile supra pagum Hašitha dit. Ǧulamerik, inter frutices quercuum et inter Cachrydem prangoidem [Cachrys prangoides Boiss. = Prangos ferulacea (L.) Lindl.] copiosa alt. ca. 2100 m, 18.VI.1910 (No. 726); mons Siares eiusdem ditionis, ad Cachrydem prangoidem [Cachrys prangoides Boiss. = Prangos ferulacea (L.) Lindl.]? alt. ca. 1700 m. 19.VI.1910 (No. 743); Taurus Armenus: ad pagum Garaspi in monte Harefta inter Baskala et Kocanes ad Centauream Szowitsianam [Centaurea szovitsiana Boiss.; = Centaurea polypodiifolia var. szovitsiana (Boiss.) Wagenitz (presumably erroneous host plant attribution)] alt. ca. 2200 m. 1.IX.1910 (No. 747)." (Nábĕlek 1926: 38, sub O. kurdica); "Kurdistaniae Turcicae distr. Hakkiari: mons Siares prope pagum Hašitha [Ashuta] dit. Ǧulamerik, ad Polygonum alpestre [presumably erroneous host plant attribution] alt. ca. 1700 m. 19.VI.1910 (No. 741)" (Nábĕlek 1926: 38, sub O. major f. oreites); "C9 Hakkari: Dwile Da. nr Hašitha (Aşutka), 2100 m, Nábĕlek 726." (Gilli 1982: 20, sub O. kurdica); "741 / Dr. Fr. Nábělek, Iter turcico-persicum 1909-10 / Orobanche major L. f. oreites Beck ... / Kurdistan, bor. orient. [Kurdistaniae Turcicae, distr. Hakkiari (Hakkâri)]: mons Siares supra pagum Hašitha [Ashuta)] / inter Amadia [Amadiya / Amedi] et Gulamerik; alt. ca. / 1700 m. Ad Polygonum alpestre [presumably erroneous host plant attribution]. leg. Dr. Fr. Nábělek" (SAV 0003269, sub O. major f. oreites; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016, the two specimens do not correspond to O. kochii, but to O. kurdica); idem (SAV 0003270, sub O. major f. oreites; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016, the two specimens do not correspond to O. kochii, but to O. kurdica); "C9 Hakkari [Hakkâri Province]: Siares Da. nr Gulamerik (Hakkari), 1700 m, Nábĕlek 741. C10 Hakkari [Hakkâri Province]: above Talana church, S. of Cilo Da., 2440 m, Trelawny 1601!" (Gilli 1982: 20, sub O. elatior).

Tunceli Province / Tunceli ili (formerly Dersim Province): Tunceli (photo 4530 - 4530/20687.html by Riyat Gül in Türkiyebitkileri.com; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019).

Eastern Anatolia Region / Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi

Van Province / Van ili: "B9 Van: Kerikas Da. [5 km SW of Arpat, 25 km SW of Gevaş], 2300 m, Frödin 1939: 184, 184a." (Gilli 1982: 20, sub O. kurdica); [Unknown locations]: photos 1, 2, 3 and 4 in Turkey by Demirkuş, 2011, sub O. elatior, in The Flora of Van Lake Basin - Van Gölü Havzası; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2011, the specimens do not correspond to O. elatior, but to O. kurdica).

East Black Sea Region / Doğu Karadeniz Bölgesi

Artvin Province / Artvin ili: "Растение с развивающимися соцветиями. Турция, ил Артвин, окр. деревни Багчилар [Bağcılar], сухой склон. 24.04.2019" (id/631228.html by Александр Лебедев [Alexander Lebedev] 2019; растение определил(а) Владислав Григоренко [Vladislav Grigorenko] in Plantarium, accessed May 2020 [cf.]).

Mediterranean Region / Akdeniz Bölgesi

Kahramanmaraş / Maraş Province: "Cataonia: in monte Berytdagh [Berit Da.] ca. 6000' s. m. Augusto" (Beck 1890: 181, sub O. kurdica); "Cataonien, auf dem Berytdagh bei 6000' Seehöhe im August" (Beck 1930: 260, sub O. kurdica); "E. Anatolia. B6 Maraş: Berit Da., 2000 m, Hausskn." (Gilli 1982: 20, sub O. kurdica).

Northeast Anatolia Region / Kuzeydoğu Bölgesi

Ağrı Province / Ağrı ili - Iğdır Province/ Iğdır ili: "Russisch Armenien: auf dem Berge Ararat [Mount Ararat], im Juli 1893 (W. Lipsky!)" (Beck 1930: 260, loc. class. of O. kurdica var. macrocalyx).

Southeast Anatolia Region / Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesi

Adıyaman Province [Semsűr] / Adıyaman ili: "Orobanche kurdica, Nemrut Dag [Nemrut Dağ / Nemrud Dağı / Çiyayę Nemrűdę, near Kâhta]" (photo pinterest 401664860498278318 by Ivy Hitlal Bengochea in Greentours.co.uk Lake-Van-2008-2011; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019); eastern Turkey (Gardner & Gardner 2014, sub O. kurdica); Lake Van (O. kurdica in Greentours.co.uk Lake-Van-2008-2011; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019).

Şırnak Province / Şırnak ili: tubives_id=7375 in Bakis & al. 2011.

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References.

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