Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 3 August 2018


Accepted Name:

Orobanche gamosepala Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 15 (1847)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

  Ceratocalyx reuteri Lange in Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenhavn 1863: 52 (1864) ["Obs. ... C. Reuteri nob. (Orobanche gamosepala Reut.)"]

Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche phoenicea Fisch. ex Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 154 (1890) ["Fischer, in schedis (unpublished name)"], pro syn.

Orobanche phoenicea Fisch. ex Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 225 (1930) ["Fisch. in sched. (unpublished name)"], pro syn. (Beck, 1890: 154, sub O. gamosepala)

= Orobanche punicea Prescott [in sched., unpublished name]. Ind. loc.: M. Caucasus. Types: K 000061363-64-65; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016

= Necranthus orobanchoides Gilli in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 297 (1968). Holotype: E 00130969. Isotype: 1. "Davis & Hedge (D. 29677) / Orobanche / Turkey. Prov. Kars: Yalnizçam dağ [Yalnızçam Dağları / Arsiani Range] between / Yalnizçam and Ardanuç . 2250 m. Rocky / volcanic slopes. Flowers violet-black! / Anthers cream. 16.6.1957". – 2. "Orobanche gamosepala Reut. / Det. E. Teryokhin 12.04.1996" (K 000820831; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016)

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Ind. loc.: "In pratis humidis prope col. Karass et radices montis Matschuka [Mashuk / Maschuka / Машук Mountain, Mount Beshtau, North Caucasus, near Pyatigorsk, Stavropol Krai, Russia] Georgiae Caucasicae (h. Hohenacker !)” (Reuter, 1847: 15). "In pratis humidis prope col. Karass et radices montis Matschuka Georgiae Caucasicae (h. Hohenacker!)" (Boissier, 1879: 503).

Lectotypus / Lectotype: Types: 1. "Orobanche gamosepala Reut. / Herb. Dr. a Kühlewein. / pr. Karass & in m. Maschuka; majo / Fl. Caucasica". – 2. "Herb. Acad. Petropol. / N.ş nov. sp.? / Orobanche gamosepala Reut.! / Hohenacker / Fl. Caucas. legit C.A. Meyer 1829. 1830 // Herb. Al de Bunge" (P 02968131; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016); 1. idem. – 2. "Identificación confirmada A. Pujadas II 2005" (COI 00056887; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2018).

Designated by:

Host: Apparently parasitic exclusively on species of Geranium L. (e.g., G. sylvaticum L., G. ibericum Cav.) (MW 0723477; MW 0723482; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 88[83], sub O. gamosepala; Rätzel & Uhlich, 2004: 193, sub O. gamosepala; BioLib.cz 784321, sub O. gamosepala, accessed Aug 2018; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2018), but it has also been mentioned as a parasite of Stachys macrantha (K. Koch) Stearn [Betonica grandiflora Steph. ex Willd.] (MW 0723496; Rätzel & Uhlich, 2004: 193, sub O. gamosepala).

Comments: "putative crucial taxa" (Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 59. 2005).

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, Beck, 1890: t. 2 f. 41, sub O. gamosepala; b, Beck, 1930: 224, f. 16 E, sub O. gamosepala; c, Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 67[63], t. 5 f. 6, sub O. gamosepala.

Distribution: General distribution: "Orobanche gamosepala in Caucasi territoriis indigena a perpaucis locis adhuc cognita est" (Beck, 1890: 155, sub O. gamosepala); "General distribution: Probably Armenia-Kurdistan." (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 88[83], sub O. gamosepala); Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia, Turkey (Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010, sub O. gamosepala).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien / Армения (Beck, 1930: 226, sub O. gamosepala; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 88[83], sub O. gamosepala; Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010, sub O. gamosepala)

Yerevan / Erevan / Ереван: Russisch Armenien: in Bergwiesen bei Akmangan [Gegham mountains] nordöstlich von Eriwan [Yerevan] (Seidlitz in Herb. Boissier!)” (Beck, 1930: 226, sub O. gamosepala).

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Azerbaijan / Azerbaiyán / Azərbaycan / Азербайджан (Beck, 1930: 226, sub O. gamosepala; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 88[83], sub O. gamosepala; Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010, sub O. gamosepala)

Lankaran Lowland / Lənkəran ovalığı: "Talysh [Talysh Mountains / Talış dağları / Талыш дағлары]" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 88[83], sub O. gamosepala).

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Caucasus / Cáucaso / Caucase / Kaukasien / Кавказ (Beck, 1890: 155, sub O. gamosepala; Beck, 1930: 226, sub O. gamosepala; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 88[83], sub O. gamosepala; Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010, sub O. gamosepala)

"... Orobanche / punicea, is Orobanche / atrorubens in / ... Caucasus" (K 000061363; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016); "Orobanche ? / Caucasus / Prescott" (K 000061364; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016); "Mr. Prescot. / Orobanche / punicea in M. Caucasus" (K 000061365; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016).

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Georgia / Sakartvelo / Грузия (Beck, 1890: 155, sub O. gamosepala; Beck, 1930: 226, sub O. gamosepala; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 88[83], sub O. gamosepala; Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010, sub O. gamosepala)

Unknown locations: "prope Plavarzalli Madscha (leg. Frieck)" (Beck, 1890: 155, sub O. gamosepala); "in Iberia [Kingdom of Iberia] (Wilhelms)" (Beck, 1890: 155, sub O. gamosepala).

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti-Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti: "in Swanetia [Svaneti] (leg. Radde)" (Beck, 1890: 155, sub O. gamosepala); "Mingrelien [Samegrelo / Mingrelia]: an den Quellen des Flusses Ingur [Enguri River / Ингури] bei 2900 m Seehöhe (Radde!). — Swanetien (Radde!), bei Dadiasch und Latpar [Pereval Latpari], in 2100 m Seehöhe (Akinfiew!), im Tale des Flusses Taberda (E.A. Endaurowa!)" (Beck, 1930: 226, sub O. gamosepala).

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti: "Georgia, Latpari [Pereval Latpari], Svanetie, 13 July 2011" (photos 784321 [201833 ] by Michael Kesl in BioLib.cz; accessed Aug 2018).

Republic of Abkhazia / Республика Абхазия

"Abchasien: in Alpenwiesen an den Quellen des Flusses Seken (Alboff!)" (Beck, 1930: 226, sub O. gamosepala); "Абхазия, Рицинский реликтовый национальный парк, гора Агура, урочище Каменная Поляна [Abkhazia Ritsa relic national park, mountain Agoura, tract Rock Glade], ≈ 2400 м н.у.м., субальпийский луг. 14.07.2017" (photo by Марина Скотникова [Marina Skotnikova], 2018 in Plantarium, sub O. gamosepala; accessed Aug 2018).

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Iran / Irán / Persia / Persien [unconfirmed]

Ardabil Province-Gilian Province: "Talysh [Talysh Mountains / Talış dağları / Талыш дағлары]" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 88[83], sub O. gamosepala).

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Russia / Rusia / Россия (Beck, 1890: 155, sub O. gamosepala; Beck, 1930: 226, sub O. gamosepala; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 88[83], sub O. gamosepala; Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010, sub O. gamosepala)

"Soviet Central Asia: All regions besides Talysh." (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 88[83], sub O. gamosepala).

North Caucasian Federal District / Се́веро-Кавка́зский федера́льный о́круг / Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug (Zernov [Зернов] & al., 2015)

Daghestan / Republic of Dagestan / Респу́блика Дагеста́н: "in pratis alpinis montis Antschabala [Bogos Range / Bogosis K’edi / Bogosskiy Khrebet / Богосский Хребет, Mt. Angabala (Gora Addala-Shukhgelmeer / Addala-Shukhgelmeer / Аддала-Шухгельмеэр), "Mons Antschabala. Caucasi", Shamilsky District / Шамильский район] ditionis Tindal [Tlyadal’ / Тлядал /Тлядаль] Caucasi 7000'-8000' (Rupr!)" (Boissier, 1879: 503, sub O. gamosepala); "Daghestan: prope Achty [Achty / Ахты, Akhtynsky District / Ахтынский район] (Becker)" (Beck, 1890: 155, sub O. gamosepala); "a cl. Ruprecht: in alpinis montis Antschabala [Bogos Range / Bogosskiy Khrebet / Богосский Хребет, Mt. Angabala, "Mons Antschabala. Caucasi"] ditionis Tindal" (Beck, 1890: 155, sub O. gamosepala); "Orobanche gamosepala Reut. / Кавказ. Дагестан. / окрестности пос. Кубачи [Kubachi, Dakhadayevsky District / Дахадаевский район]. / Сырои пцг по склоныy N экспозиции / h = 1700 м н.у.м. / ... нa Betonica grandiflora / 24.05.1989 г. / Leg.: В.Д. Бочкин / И.И. Рчсанввич [V.D. Bochkin I.I. Rzsanvic et al.] / . Det. ..." (MW 0723496; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2018).

Karachay-Cherkess Republic / Карачаево-Черкесская Республика: "Im Kuban-Gebiete: bei Batalpaschinsk [Batalpashinsk / Cherkessk / Черкесск], im Juni (Lipsky!)" (Beck, 1930: 226, sub O. gamosepala); Джегутинский р-н [Dzhegutinsky District], Пастбищный хребет между пос. Усть-Джегута [Ust-Dzheguta] и Новая Джегута [Novaya Dzheguta], средняя часть южного склона. Степной склон. 19 мая 2007 г. Leg. et det. А.С. Зернов [A.S. Zernov] (MW 0723482; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2018); Карачаево-Черкессия, Джегутинский р-н [Dzhegutinsky District], левый берег реки Джегута, холмы между пос. Усть-Джегута [Ust-Dzheguta] и пос. Новая Джегута [Novaya Dzheguta]. На степном склоне. nş 4650 14 мая 2006 г. Leg. А.С. Зернов, Д.К. Текеев [A.S. Zernov, D.K. Tekeyev] Det. А.С. Зернов (MW 0723483; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2018); Республика Карачаево-Черкесия, Домбай [Dombay], Верховья долины р. Домбай-Ульген [Dombay-Ulgen], в березняке у Чухчурских водопадов [Chukhchur waterfalls], 2100 м н.у.м. 08.07.2011 (photos 98849, 98850 and 98851 by Евгений Комаров [Evgeny Komarov], 2011, [det.] растение определил(а) Холгер Улих [Holger Uhlich], in Plantarium, sub O. gamosepala; accessed Aug 2018); "Lagonaki [Caucasian State Nature Biosphere Reserve] og Dombai [Dombay-Ulgen], svćrt nćr grensa til Georgia" (photos Lagonaki 2529 and Lagonaki 2529(2) by in Kaukasus juni 2017 - http://fjellplanter.blogspot.com/, sub O. gamosepala; accessed Aug 2018).

Stavropol Krai / Ставропо́льский край: 1. "Orobanche gamosepala Reut. / Herb. Dr. a Kühlewein. / pr. Karass & in m. Maschuka [Mashuk / Maschuka / Машук Mountain, Mount Beshtau, North Caucasus, near Pyatigorsk]; majo / Fl. Caucasica". – 2. "Herb. Acad. Petropol. / N.ş nov. sp.? / Orobanche gamosepala Reut.! / Hohenacker / Fl. Caucas. legit C.A. Meyer 1829. 1830 // Herb. Al de Bunge" (P 02968131; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016, type of O. gamosepala); 1. idem. – 2. "Identificación confirmada A. Pujadas II 2005" (COI 00056887; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2018, type of O. gamosepala); "In pratis humidis prope col. Karass et radices montis Matschuka [Mashuk / Maschuka / Машук Mountain, Mount Beshtau / Бештау, North Caucasus, near Pyatigorsk / Пятигорск] Georgiae Caucasicae (h. Hohenacker !)” (Reuter, 1847: 15, loc. class. of O. gamosepala); "Hab. in provinciis caucasicis [in pratis humidis prope coloniam Karass et ad radicem m. Matschuka ! (Hohenack. pl. exs.)]" (Ledebour, 1849: 315, sub O. gamosepala); "In pratis humidis prope Karaes et radices montis Matschuka Georgiae Caucasicae (h. Hohen !)" (Boissier, 1879: 503, loc. class. of O. gamosepala); "Georgia: in pratis humidis prope Karass ad pedem montis Matschuka (Hohenacker loc. class.) (Beck, 1890: 155, sub O. gamosepala); "Georgien: in feuchten Wiesen bei Karass am Fuße des Berges Matschuka (loco class. Hohenacker!)" (Beck, 1930: 226, sub O. gamosepala); "Territ. Terek: in monte Besch-tau [Бештау] prope Pjatigorsk (Kolenati et Wilhelms nr. 601)" (Beck, 1890: 155, sub O. gamosepala); "Terek-Gebiet: auf dem Beschtau bei Pjatigorsk, in 750-1200 m Seehöhe (Kolenati und Wilhelms n. 604 !, Akinfiew !), um Shelesnowodsk [Zheleznovodsk / Железноводск] (Gerassimow!)" (Beck, 1930: 226, sub O. gamosepala).

Southern Federal District / Южный федеральный округ

Republic of Adygea / Республика Адыгея: "Orobanche gamosepala Reut. / Кавказский гос. заповедник [Caucasus Nature Reserve], Адыгея, северо-западные отроги горы / Оштен [Mount Oshten], Инструкторская щель, / субальпийский луг. / 18 июля 2004 г. [18.07.2004] N.ş 3682 Leg. et det. А.С. Зернов [A.S. Zernov]" (MW 0723483; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2018); "1. Republik Adygeja, NW-Kaukasus, Maikopskij Rajon, Hauptmassiv des Berges Bolschoi Tchatsch (44°02′33″ N/40°25′20″ E), lichte Staudenflur am Westrand der Alm Poljana Knjažeskaja, Kante zum Kiefern-Birken-Tannen-Wald (licht und staudenreich), Triaskalk, N des Berges bei ca. 1700 m ü.NN, auf  Geranium cf. silvaticum, leg. Rätzel 08.07.2002 Herbar Rätzel 2320, 2321, 2322, det. H. Uhlich 08.2002; – 2. ibidem, Staudenflur (dicht, ca. 1 m hoch) etwa Mitte der Alm Poljana Knjažeskaja, Triaskalk, N des Berges bei ca. 1700 m ü.NN, auf Geranium cf. silvaticum (festgewachsen), nur ein Orobanche-Blütenstand, vergesellschaftet u.a. mit Cirsium Mill., Alchemilla L., Betonica macrantha C.Koch (= B. grandiflora Willd.), Vicia L., Cruciata cf. laevipes Opiz, leg. Fürstenow & Rätzel 08. 07. 2002 Herbar Rätzel 2319 (und Fotos), det. H. Uhlich  08.2002. – 3. NW-Kaukasus, Maikopskij Rajon, subalpin-alpine Hochstaudenflur am N/NE-Abfall des Bolschoi Tchatsch bei >2000 m ü.NN über Triaskalk, leg. Ahrns 28.06.1997 HAL 82695! sub O. caryophyllacea, det. C. Ahrns 23.10.1997, rev. H. Uhlich 11.09.2000." (Rätzel & Uhlich, 2004: 193-194, sub O. gamosepala); Maykopsky District / Майкопский район (photo 8404618 by heeni in Inaturalist.org, accessed Aug 2018); "Адыгея, Кавказский биосферный заповедник, долина р. Киша [Caucasian Biosphere Reserve, valley Kisha river], субальпика, 2040 м н.у.м. 01.07.2014." (photo 248573 by Елена Алешичева [Elena Aleshicheva], 2014, растение определил(а) Владислав Григоренко [Vladislav Grigorenko] in Plantarium, sub O. gamosepala; accessed Aug 2018); "Адыгея, Кавказский биосферный заповедник, под северо-западной стеной горы Фишт, ≈ 1200 м н.у.м., на границе леса и луга. 02.07.2017" (photo 520495 by Татьяна Гайдаш [Tatiana Gaydash], 2017 in Plantarium, sub O. gamosepala; accessed Aug 2018).

Krasnodar Krai / Краснода́рский край / Kuban: Краснода́рский кр, Кавказский государственный заповедник [Caucasus Nature Reserve] верховья р. Уруштен [River Urushten], субальпийский луг, 13 августа 2003 г. Leg. А.С. Зернов, Е.В. Шапар [A.S. Zernov, E.V. Shapar] (MW 0723479; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2018); Краснода́рский край и Адыгея 10.VII.1937. Собр. В. Олюнин [Coll. V. Olyunin] (MW 0723480; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2018).

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Turkey / Türkiye / Turquía (Boissier, 1879: 503, sub O. gamosepala; Beck, 1890: 155, sub O. gamosepala; Gilli, 1982: 3, loc. class. of Necranthus orobanchoides; Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010, sub O. gamosepala)

Eastern Anatolia Region / Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi

Kars Province / Kars ili: 1. "Davis & Hedge (D. 29677) / Orobanche / Turkey. Prov. Kars: Yalnizçam dağ [Yalnızçam Dağları / Arsiani Range] between / Yalnizçam and Ardanuç . 2250 m. Rocky / volcanic slopes. Flowers violet-black! / Anthers cream. 16.6.1957". – 2. "Holotype / of Necranthus orobanchoides Gilli / in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 197. (1968)". – 3. "Necranthus orobanchoides Gilli / nov. genus, nov, sp. (Typus) / 1966 det. A. Gilli" (E 00130969, holotype of Necranthus orobanchoides); 1. "Davis & Hedge (D. 29677) / Orobanche / Turkey. Prov. Kars: Yalnizçam dağ [Yalnızçam Dağları / Arsiani Range] between / Yalnizçam and Ardanuç . 2250 m. Rocky / volcanic slopes. Flowers violet-black! / Anthers cream. 16.6.1957". – 2. "Orobanche gamosepala Reut. / Det. E. Teryokhin 12.04.1996" (K 000820831; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016, isotype of Necranthus orobanchoides); "A9 Kars: Yalnizçam dağ [Yalnızçam Dağları / Arsiani Range] between Yalnizçam and Ardanuç, 2250 m, rocky volcanic slopes, 16 vi 1957, I.C. Hedge, D. 29677 (holo. E!)" (Gilli, 1982: 3, holotype of Necranthus orobanchoides).

East Black Sea Region / Doğu Karadeniz Bölgesi

Artvin Province / Artvin ili: "in monte Karagiol [Karagöl-Sahara National Park] (Szov. exs. Nş. 289 !)" (Boissier, 1879: 503, sub O. gamosepala); "Indicatur a cl. Boissier: in monte Karagiol [Karagöl-Sahara National Park] (Szov. Exs. nr. 289) prope Achakichad lacum Tabiszchur" (Beck, 1890: 155, sub O. gamosepala); "Provinz Artvin, Kackar-Gebirge [Kaçkar Mountains], Talschluss südlich von Yaylalar (Hevek), alpine Matten über Silikatgestein, 3000 m ü.NN, an Geranium ibericum, leg. Raus 25.07.2001 B s.n., det. H. Uhlich 25.08.2001" (Rätzel & Uhlich, 2004: 193, sub O. gamosepala).

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Rätzel, S. & Uhlich, H. 2004 [May 2004]. Orobanche benkertii sp. nova (Orobanchaceae Vent.) und weitere Orobanche-Sippen aus dem Nordwest-Kaukasus [Orobanche benkertii sp. nova (Orobanchaceae Vent.) and further Orobanche species from the Northwest Caucasus mountains]. Feddes Repert. 115: 189-211. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/fedr.200311036.

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Zernov, A.C., Alekseev, Yu.E. & Onipchenko, V.G. [Зернов, А.С., Алексеев, Ю.E. & Онипченко, В.Г.]. 2015. Определитель сосудистых растений Карачаево-Черкесской Республики [The determinant of vascular plants of the Karachay-Cherkess Republic]. Москва.

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