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ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 1 September 2017


Accepted Name:

Orobanche lutea Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche lutea var. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 164, t. 3 f. 44(1) (1890) ["Var. α. typica = Orobanche lutea Baumgarten"], nom. illeg. (Art. 24.3)

Orobanche lutea var. typica f. lutea (Baumg.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) ["Formas ... 5. (Orobanche) lutea"]. Syn.: = Orobanche rubens f. citrina Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 126 (1882)

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche rubens Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 307 (1822) (Mutel, 1835: 348; Koch, 1844: 615; Reuter, 1847: 25; Grenier, 1853: 635; Cariot, 1854: 391; Beck, 1890: 164). Syn.: Orobanche lutea var. typica f. rubens (Wallr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165, t. 3 f. 44(1) (1890); = Orobanche buekii A. Dietr., Fl. Boruss. 3: 145 t. 145 (1835) (Koch, 1844: 615, sub O. rubens; Beck, 1890: 165). Ind. loc.: "In collibus editioribus ad Biebram. — Extra fines ad Auleben et Sondershusam. Jul." [Thuringia, Germany / Alemania]. Herbarium Specimens: "Orobanche / rubens mea / Wallroth misit Dec. 1828" (K 000759336). Ic.: Thomé, Flora von Deutschland Österreich und der Schweiz. (1885) [sub O. rubens (Kurt Stübers Online Library, accessed Feb 2006)]; O. rubens Wallr. in Tela Botanica, accessed Mar 2012. Obs. O. rubens Wallr. (1822) in Tela Botanica (accessed Oct 2006)

= Orobanche de la Luzerne cultivée Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 45, t. 2 (1827), nom. inv. [not validly published] (Mutel, 1835: 348; Reuter, 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Grenier, 1853, 635, sub O. rubens; Cariot, 1854: 391; Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens). Syn.: Orobanche medicaginis Duby, Bot. Gall.: 349 (1828); Orobanche medicaginis-sativae F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830); Orobanche medicaginis F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 505 (1830); Orobanche medicaginifixa St.-Lag. in Cariot, Etud. Fl. ed. 8(2): 649 (1889), nom. illeg.; = Orobanche vulgaris var. minor Gaudin, Fl. Helv.: 177 (1828-1833). Ind. loc.: "sur les bastions de Genčve [Geneva, Switzerland], ŕ l'entrée du pont de fil-de-fer ... parasites d'autres pieds de Luzerne"

= Orobanche medicaginis Duby, Bot. Gall.: 349 (1828). Syn.: Orobanche de la Luzerne cultivée Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 45, t. 2 (1827), nom. illeg. (Schultz, 1830: 508; Mutel, 1835: 348; Reuter, 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Grenier, 1853, 635, sub O. rubens; Cariot, 1854: 391; Reichenbach fil., 1862: 99, sub O. rubens; Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. rubens; Beck, 1890: 164). Obs. "Medicagini sativae parasiticam reperiit cl. prof. Vaucher et nomine O. Medicaginis-sativae designat l. c. t. 2" (Duby, 1828: 349)

= Orobanche medicaginis-falcatae Holandre, Fl. Moselle: 320[?] (1829) (Mutel, 1835: 34)

= Orobanche medicaginis-sativae F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830) ["8. O. Medicaginis sativae Tab. II"], nom. superfl.  Syn.: Orobanche de la Luzerne cultivée Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 45, t. 2 (1827), nom. inv. (Reuter, 1847: 25)

= Orobanche medicaginis F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 505 (1830) ["9. O. Medicaginis Vauch."], nom. superfl. Syn.: Orobanche de la Luzerne cultivée Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 45, t. 2 (1827), nom. inv. (Mutel, 1835: 348; Steudel, 1841: 231; Godron, 1843: 179; Koch, 1844: 615; Grenier, 1853, 635, sub O. rubens)

? = Orobanche racemosa Schleich. ex Mutel, Fl. Franç. 2: 348 (1835) ["O. racemosa Schleich. ined.], nom. illeg. (Mutel, 1835: 348; Steudel, 1841: 231)

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= Orobanche buekii A. Dietr., Fl. Boruss. 3: 145, t. 145 (1835) (Koch, 1844: 615, sub O. rubens, 619, sub O. buekiana; Reuter, 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. rubens [O. Buekii A. Dietr. boruss.]; Beck, 1890: 164). Syn.: = Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844 [Nov 1844]) (Reichenbach fil., 1862: 99, sub O. rubens; Zázvorka, 2000: 505); = Orobanche rubens var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Rchb. fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 99 t. 186 (1862); = Orobanche hians Steven in Bull. Soc. Imp. Natur. Moscou 30(1): 354 (1857) (Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 457); = Orobanche linczevskyi Novopokr. in Novopokr. in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 327 (1950) (Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 457); = Orobanche lutea var. typica f. rubens (Wallr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) (Beck, 1890: 165); – Orobanche elatior sensu A. Dietr., Fl. Boruss. 3: 148, t. 148 (1835), non Orobanche elatior Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 178, t. 17 (1798) (Koch, 1844: 619; Beck, 1890: 166). Ind. loc.: "Wächst auf Anhöhen des Oderufers bei Frankfurt an der Oder [Frankfurt an der Oder / Frankfurt (Oder), Brandenburg, Germany / Alemania] in Lehmboden und findet sich einzeln auf Medicago falcata. Von dem um die vaterländische Flora so hoch verdienten Herrn Apotheker Buek in Frankfurt an der Oder entdeckt, der mir lebende Exemplare davon übersendete und dem zu Ehren ich sie benannt habe. Blüht im Mai und Juni"

? = Orobanche avellanae Pfund, Flora 26(1): 183 (1843) (Nyman, 1865: 131; Beck, 1890: 166). Syn.: = Orobanche rubens var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Rchb. fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 99 t. 186 (1862) (Beck, 1930: 241). Ind. loc.: "In Bohemiâ [Bohemia / Čechy] prope Pragam [Prague / Praha, Czech Republic / Česká republika], in radicibus Coryli Avellanae [Corylus avellana L.] parasitica" (Reuter, 1847: 24; Nyman, 1865: 131)

= Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844 [Nov 1844]) (Koch, 1844: 619; Reichenbach fil., 1862: 99, sub O. rubens; Zázvorka, 2000: 505). Syn.: Orobanche elatior sensu A. Dietr., Fl. Boruss. 3: 148, t. 148 (1835), non Orobanche elatior Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 178, t. 17 (1798) (Koch, 1844: 619; Beck, 1890: 166); Orobanche rubens var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Rchb. fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 99 t. 186 (1862); = Orobanche hians Steven in Bull. Soc. Imp. Natur. Moscou 30(1): 354 (1857) (Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 457); = Orobanche linczevskyi Novopokr. in Novopokr. in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 327 (1950) (Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 457). Ind. loc.: "In Lehmboden schmarotzend auf Medicago sativa... in der Neumark bei Frankfurt an der Oder am Lossowschen Berge ... Buek Sachsen: um Halle bei Bibra" (Dietrich, 1835: 148, t. 148); "In locis incultis in Medicagine sativa parasitica, (in der Neumark bei Frankfurt a. d. O. [Francofortum ad Viadrum / Frankfurt (Oder), Brandenburg, Germany / Alemania], auf dem Berge Lussow, Apth. Buek.)" (Koch, 1844: 619); "In locis incultis super Medicagine sativâ parasitica, circa Francofurtum ad Viadrum (Reuter, 1847: 30); "Francofurti ad Viadr. in monte Lussow Buek! (decem possideo typos.)" (Reichenbach fil., 1862: 99, sub O. rubens). Ic.: Beck, 1890: t. 3 f. 44(2). Obs. "occasionally occur throughout the entire range of O. lutea and, evidently, represent atypical or hybrid forms" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108[84], var. buekiana), "The reasons for such a disjunct occurrence is so far not known" (Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 457). Herbarium Specimen: Typus: "4. Orobanche elatior / collegi pr. Francofurt. ad / Viadr. / J.N. Buek / 1843" (P 04392726; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011)

= Orobanche fragrantissima Bertol., Fl. Ital. 6: 436 (1846) (Reichenbach fil., 1862: 99, sub O. rubens; Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. fragrantissima). Ind. loc.: "Legi in collibus Bononiensibus de S. Michele in bosco, di Castiglionee, di Barbiano, Padermo, Sabbione, Casalecchio, ubi copiosa, et constanter parasitica supra Medicaginem falcatam L. Habui ex Pedemontio in pratis collinis ad Albam Pempejam a Bertero, ex agro Veronensi a Bussolengo supra Trifolium pratense L., Medicaginem sativam L., et Lotum corniculatum L. a Tommasinio, et a Biasoletto, ex agro Patavino ab Eq. Trevisano. Floret Majo". Herbarium Specimen: "Orobanche fragrantissima Bert., Fl. Ital. 6 / p. 436. n. 13 / supra radices Medicaginis falcata L. / Bononia in monte Paderno" (P 04419598, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011)

= Phelypaea rubenti × arenaria Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 6 (1847). Syn.: Phelypaea arenaria var. rubenti-arenaria (Reut.) Gren. in Gren. & Godr., Fl. France: 625 (1853); Orobanche lutea var. typica f. concreta Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890) (Beck, 1890: 166). Ind. loc.: "Ad radices Medicaginis prope Lugdunum [Lyon, Rhône-Alpes, France / Francia] (Al. Jordan!)" (Reuter, 1847: 6); "Frankreich: bei Lyon (Jordan)" (Beck, 1930: 241). Obs. "Planta valde singularis inter Phelipaeam arenariam et Orobanchem rubentem certe hybrida! ... O. rubentis facie et magnitudine similis ... (v. in h. Jordan)" (Reuter, 1847: 6-7); "dépourvu de bractées latérales" (Grenier, 1853, 625)

= Orobanche hians Steven in Bull. Soc. Imp. Natur. Moscou 30(1): 354 (1857) (Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 456-457; Zázvorka, 2000: 505; Czerepanov, 2007: 331). Syn.: = Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844). Ind. loc.: "In Tauria [Krim / Crimea]; sed locus natalis haud accuratius indicatus; eandem ad ostia Hypanis [Kuban River] circa Taman [Тамань, Temryuksky District, Krasnodar Krai, Russia] legi, atque ex Iberia a Wilhelmsio habeo."

= Orobanche medicaginifixa St.-Lag. in Cariot, Etud. Fl. ed. 8(2): 649 (1889), nom. illeg. Syn.: Orobanche medicaginis Duby, Bot. Gall.: 349 (1828)

= Orobanche pedunculata Borbás ex Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890), pro syn.

= Orobanche prosgolica Formánek in Verh. Naturf. Ver. Brünn. 33: 52 (1895) (Zázvorka, 2000: 505). Ind. loc.: "Epirus [Greece / Grecia / Ελλάδα / Hellas]: auf dem Berge Prosgoli [near Méga Peristérion, municipality of Metsovo] in. 1000 m Seehöhe (Formanek als O. prosgolica!)"

= Orobanche concreta (Beck) in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 166 (1909). Syn.: Phelypaea rubenti × arenaria Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 6 (1847); Orobanche lutea var. typica f. concreta Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890); Orobanche lutea var. concreta (Beck) P. Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 799 (1937)

= Orobanche linczevskyi Novopokr. in Novopokr. in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 327 (1950) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108[84]; Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 456-457; Czerepanov, 1981; Zázvorka, 2000: 505; Czerepanov, 2007: 331). Syn.: = Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844 [Nov 1844]); = Orobanche rubens var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Rchb. fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 99 t. 186 (1862) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108[84]). Ind. loc.: "Described from southern Tadzhiskistan [Tajikistan / Таджикистан]. Type in Leningrad". Obs. "Observed on Medicago sativa L. ... doubtful species" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108[84])

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= Orobanche vulgaris var. minor Gaudin, Fl. Helv.: 177 (1828-1833) ["? β. minor, ... Cf. Oro. de la Lucerne cultivée Vauch., Monogr. p. 45, tab. 2 "]. Ind. loc.: "β in prioris consortio, sed multo rarior. Eam in Medicagine sativa observavit Cl. Vaucher". Obs. "concoloribus (citrinis). Cf. Oro. de la Lucerne cultivée Vauch., Monogr. p. 45, tab. 2"

Orobanche minor var. glaberrima Gaudin, Fl. Helv.: 178 (1828-1833) ["? γ. glaberrima.— Or. minor Wallr., Sched. 311. Or. racemosa Schle. exs."] (Mutel, 1835: 348; Steudel, 1841: 231). Syn.: = Orobanche minor Wallr., Sched. Criti.: 311 (1822) (Mutel, 1835: 348); = Orobanche racemosa Schleich. ex Mutel, Fl. Franç. 2: 348 (1835)  (cf. Mutel, 1835: 348); – Orobanche medicaginis sensu Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 41, t. 684 f. 919 (1829), non Orobanche medicaginis Duby, Bot. Gall.: 349 (1828). Ind. loc.: "Plantam γ in muro vetusto ad viam regiam prope Viviscum olim legi ["Habitat in muris arcis Genevensis [Genčve / Genčve, Switzerland / Suiza] ... Vaucher; in muro vetusto ad viam regiam prope Viviscum Gaudin"]". Obs. This variety seems to correspond to Orobanche hederae Duby, Bot. Gall.: 350 (1828)

= Orobanche medicaginis var. rubens (Wallr.) Mutel, Fl. Franç. 2: 348 t. 42 f. 309 (1835) ["= b. rubens Mutel. t. 42 f. 309. O. rubens Wallr. ... sur les Luzernes cultivées et en faux"], nom. illeg. Ind. loc. "var. b, sur les Luzernes cultivées et en faux, sommet de la côte de Saint-Quentin et de Gorze prčs Metz (Holl.); contrées du Rhin; Palatinat"

Phelypaea arenaria var. rubenti-arenaria (Reut.) Gren. in Gren. & Godr., Fl. France: 625 (1853) [? β. rubenti-arenaria Reut. l.c."]. Syn.: Phelypaea rubenti × arenaria Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 6 (1847); Orobanche lutea var. typica f. concreta Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890) (Beck, 1890: 166)

= Orobanche rubens var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Rchb. fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 99 t. 186 (1862) ["b. Buekiana Rchb. fil."]. Syn.: Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844); Orobanche lutea var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166, t. 3 f. 44(2) (1890); = Orobanche avellanae Pfund, Flora 26(1): 183 (1843). Ind. loc.: Frankfurt on Oder [Frankfurt (Oder), Brandenburg, Germany / Alemania], leg. Buek. Obs. see Orobanche elatior Sutton (Zázvorka, 2010: 84)

= Orobanche lutea var. podantha Borbás, Geogr. atq. Enum. pl. Comit. Castrif.: 231 (1887). Syn.: Orobanche lutea var. typica f. podantha (Borbás) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890)

= Orobanche lutea var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166, t. 3 f. 44(2) (1890) ["β. (Orobanche) Buekiana Koch"] (Zázvorka, 2000: 505), nom. superfl. Syn.: Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844)

= Orobanche lutea var. concreta (Beck) P. Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 799 (1937). Syn.: Phelypaea rubenti × arenaria Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 6 (1847); Orobanche concreta (Beck) in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 166 (1909)

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= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. rubens (Wallr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165, t. 3 f. 44(1) (1890) ["Formas ... 1. (Orobanche) rubens Wallroth"]. Syn.: Orobanche rubens Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 307 (1822)

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. collecta Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) ["Formas ... 2. (Orobanche) collecta"]. Syn.: = Orobanche rubens f. condensata Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 126 (1882)

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. porphyrea Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) ["Formas ... 3. (Orobanche) porphyrea"]. Syn.: = Orobanche rubens f. purpurascens Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 126 (1882)

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. lilacea Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) ["Formas ... 4. (Orobanche) lilacea"]. Ind. loc.: "Semel observavi in monte Leopoldsberg Austria inferioris [Lower Austria / Niederösterreich]." (Beck, 1930: 241)

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. hypoleuca Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) ["Formas ... 6. (Orobanche) hypoleuca"]. Ind. loc.: "Dobrudscha [Dobruja / Dobrudja / Добруджа / Dobrudzha / Dobrogea, Bulgaria-Romania] leg. Sintenis"

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. lopholepis Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) ["Formas ... 7. (Orobanche) lopholepis"]

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. concreta Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890) ["Formas ... 8. (Orobanche) concreta"]. Syn.: Phelypaea rubenti × arenaria Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 6 (1847) Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 6 (1847); Orobanche concreta (Beck) in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 166 (1909); Orobanche lutea var. concreta (Beck) P. Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 799 (1937) (Beck, 1890: 166)

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. podantha (Borbás) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890) ["Formas ... 9. (Orobanche) podantha Borbás"]. Syn.: Orobanche lutea var. podantha Borbás, Geogr. atq. Enum. pl. Comit. Castrif.: 231 (1887); = Orobanche lutea f. ramulosa Beck ex Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890), pro syn. (Beck, 1890: 166; Beck, 1930: 241)

= Orobanche lutea f. ramulosa Beck ex Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890) ["in Sched. multo prius.— Valet in Jahrb. f. vaterl. Naturk. Württ. (1876) p. 16."], pro syn.

= Orobanche rubens f. citrina Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 126 (1882)

= Orobanche rubens f. condensata Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 125 (1882)

= Orobanche rubens f. purpurascens Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 126 (1882)

= Orobanche rubens f. pallens (A. Braun) Asch. & Graeb., Fl. Nordostd. Flachl: 654 (1899) ["pro var. fide autorum" (Beck, 1930: 166)]. Syn.: Orobanche rubens var. pallens A. Braun ap. Solms in Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenburg 5: 57 (1863); = Orobanche buekii A. Dietr., Fl. Boruss. 3: 145 t. 145 (1835); = Orobanche buekiana sensu Asch., Fl. Brand. 1: 498 (1864), non Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844 [Nov 1844]); = Orobanche rubens f. citrina Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 126 (1882); = Orobanche lutea var. typica f. lutea (Baumg.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) (Beck, 1930: 166)

= Orobanche lutea f. evanida Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 36 (1922). Ind. loc.: "Bosnia: prope Petrovae [Petrovac / Petrovac na Moru / Петровац на / Castellastua, Budva, Montenegro] m. Junio 1892 (G. Beck)"

= Orobanche lutea f. liburnica Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 36 (1922). Syn.: Orobanche rubens var. buekiana f. liburnica Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 241 (1930). Ind. loc.: "Croatia litoralis: Rijavica ad Senj [Attienities / Senia / Segnia / Zeng / Zengg / Segna, Lika-Senj, Croatia] 1911 (leg. F. Dobiasch in herb. Degen)"

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Misapplied names:

– Orobanche caryophyllacea auct., non Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 169 (1798) (Steudel, 1841: 231)

– Orobanche elatior sensu W.D.J. Koch & Ziz, Cat. Pl.: 12 (1814), non Orobanche elatior Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 178, t. 17 (1798) (Schultz, 1830: 493, 503 "auf Medic. sativa, media und falcata"; Mutel, 1835: 348; Koch, 1844: 615, sub O. rubens; Reuter, 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. rubens [O. elatior K. et Z.]; Beck, 1890: 164; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 69)

– Orobanche elatior sensu Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 37, t. 669 f. 901, t. 670 f. 922 (1829) [p.p.], non Orobanche elatior Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 178, t. 17 (1798) (Reichenbach, 1829: 37; Schultz, 1830: 505 "(O. elatior Beitrag Reichb. Fl. Germ. exsicc. Nr. 63) auf Medicago sativa"; Reichenbach, 1831-1832; Koch, 1849: 665, sub O. rubens; Reichenbach fil., 1862: 99, sub O. rubens; Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens; Boissier, 1879: 511, sub O. rubens; Beck, 1890: 164). Ind. loc.: "901. et DCLXX. 902. legi in valle Plauensi FI. Dresdensis [Dresde, Saxony, Germany / Alemania], altera memorabilis ob гаmum lateralem. Junio floruit in Medicagine sativa et falcata sub Pruno spinosa". Herbarium Specimens:  "63. Orobanche elatior, Sutt. / Rchb. pl. crit. VII. ic. 899. 900. / Auf Brachäckern bei München am 1. Juli ges. v. Spitzel. / * O. rubens Wallr. auf Wurzeln von Trifol. flexuosum am / Kalkfelsen der Webelsburg in Thüringen: Wallroth." (P 04419595; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "63. Orobanche elatior Sutt. / Rchb. p. crit. VII. ic. 899. 900. / Auf Brachäckern bei München [Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern] am 1 Juli ges. v. Spitzel. / O. rubens Wallr. Auf Wurzeln von Trifol. flexuosum am / Kalkfesen der Webelsburg [Wewelsburg, North Rhine-Westphalia] in Thüringen: Wallroth." (K 000806999; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg. (Schultz, 1829: 8; Reichenbach, 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior (O. lutea, O. rubens)]); idem (P 04384979; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg. (Schultz, 1829: 8; Reichenbach, 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior (O. lutea, O. rubens)]); idem (P 04384980; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg.)

– Orobanche elatior sensu A. Dietr., Fl. Boruss. 3: 148, t. 148 (1835), non Orobanche elatior Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 178, t. 17 (1798) (Koch, 1844: 619; Nyman, 1865: 132; Beck, 1890: 166). Syn.: Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844 [Nov 1844]); = Orobanche rubens Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 307 (1822). Ind. loc.: "In Lehmboden schmarotzend auf Medicago sativa... in der Neumark bei Frankfurt an der Oder am Lossowschen Berge ... Buek Sachsen: um Halle bei Bibra" (Dietrich, 1835: 148, t. 148)

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Ind. loc.: "In pratis montosis siccioribusque ubique. Jun. [Transylvania, Romania / Rumania]".

Typus / Type: "Described from Rumania (W)" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108[84]).

Designated by:

Host: only on Labiatae (Fabaceae) species, usually on Medicago sp. (Medicago falcata L. and M sativa L. [e.g., Reichenbach, 1829: 37; Schultz, 1840: 127; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009; Piwowarczyk & Krajewski, 2014], more rarely on other host-plants.

Comments:

Taxonomic observation: Orobanche lutea Baumg., nom. illeg. (Tela Botanica, accessed Oct 2006).

Phylogenetic observations: Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 61 f. 4 ["Phylogenetic relationships"], 64 (2005); Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 13 f. 2 [phylogenetic relationships] (2008).

Chromosomatic number: n = 19 (Schneeweiss & al., 2004); 2n = 38 (Chater & Webb, 1972: 292; Weber, 1976; Foley, 2001: 71).

Ic.: a, Vaucher, 1827: 45, t. 2 (sub Orobanche de la Luzerne cultivée); b, Typus: "4. Orobanche elatior / collegi pr. Francofurt. ad / Viadr. / J.N. Buek / 1843" (P 04392726); c, Thomé, 1885: t. 539, sub O. rubens; d, Dietrich, 1835: t. 145 (sub O. buekii); e, Dietrich, 1835: t. 148 (sub O. elatior); f, Beck, 1890: t. 3 f. 44(1); g, herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12594 (Maucoil, Bouches-du-Rhône, France); h, flower (ib.); i, BIO 29894 (Gottschlich 33155); j, flower BIO 29894 (Gottschlich 33155); k, O. lutea (Central Saale Valley, Thuringia, Germany) by Bernd Liebermann (accessed Jun 2012); l, O. lutea in Botany.cz, accessed Jun 2012; m, O. lutea in Plantarium (accessed Jun 2012).

Distribution: distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010); France distribution (Tela Botanica, accessed Jun 2012).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Albania / Shqipëri / Shqipëria / Shqipnia / Albanie / Albanien (Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea)

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Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108[83-84], sub O. lutea, "Caucasus [Caucasus / Caucas / Cáucaso]: all regions"; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 17, sub O. lutea, "Armenia")

Vayots Dzor Province: "ARMENIA 2009 / Orobanche / Orobanchaceae / Armenia, Vayots' Dzor province, area c. 13 km E of Vayk, near / Artavan, c. 1.5 km SW from village, dry slope above rocks; / 1970 m s.m.; 39°39'07"N/45°36'17"E / 2009-06-18 M. Oganesian, H. Ter-Voskanyan, K. Kugler & E. Vitek / 09-1405 / flowers brownish / dry slope / dupla in ERE, W, NY / det.: field det. / Duplum ex Herb. W [W 0030458] / Naturhistorisches Museum Wien" (NY 2763501; det. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016).

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Austria / Österreich / Autriche (Hausmann, 1852: 649, sub O. rubens; Reichenbach fil., 1862: 99, "littorali austriaco", sub O. rubens; Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. rubens; Beck, 1890: 167 "Austria [Austrian Empire]! (ex Galicia, Bohemia, Moravia, Austria inf. et sup., Salisburgia, Stiria, Carniolia, Tirolia, Istria, Dalmatia)"; Beck, 1930: 238, 242, sub var. buekiana; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Kreutz, 1995: 119, sub O. lutea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 71, sub O. lutea)

Salzburg: "Salisburgia" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Styria: "Stiria: In monte Plabutsch prope Graz (Pittoni)" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub var. buekiana); "Steiermark: Plabutsch bei Graz!" (Beck, 1930: 242, sub var. buekiana).

Tyrol / Tirol: "Trockene Triften bis an die Voralpen, auf Medicago falcata Innsbruck: am Sonnenburger Schlossber [Schloßberg] (Hfl.). Kitzbüchl [Kitzbühel]: bei Birchnern (Unger!)" (Hausmann, 1852: 649, sub O. rubens); "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Tirolia central. Sonnenburger Hügel inter / Penispontem et Schoenberg in Medicago falcata / leg. Dr. A. Kerner" (P 04446051; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Wien / Vienna / Viena: "bei Wien: Schnitzlein" (Reichenbach, 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior [O. lutea, O. rubens]); "Semel observavi in monte Leopoldsberg Austria inferioris [Lower Austria / Niederösterreich]." (Beck, 1890: 165, loc. class. of O. lutea var. typica f. lilacea; Beck, 1930: 241, sub f. lilacea); "O. Buekianam ... Austria inf.: Leopoldsberg pr. Vindabonam" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub var. buekiana); "Österreich: Leopoldsberg bei Wien!" (Beck, 1930: 242, sub var. buekiana).

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108[83-84], sub O. lutea, "Caucasus [Caucasus / Caucas / Cáucaso]: all regions")

"Jelisawetpol [Elisabethpol / Elizavetpol / Jelisawetpol / Ganja / Kirovabad] (Kolenati), Marienfeld et Helendorf [Goygol / Shakashen / Xanlar / Chanlar / Elenendorf / Khanlar / Kol-Yelendorf / Yelenendorf] (Hohenacker), Boržom (Raddi), Roschki" (Beck, 1890: 167); "Jelisawetpol (Kolenati), Marienfeld et Helendorf (Hohenacker, K. Koch als O. caryophyllacea in Herb. Berlin!), Boržom (Radde), Roschki" (Beck, 1930: 239).

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Belgique / Belgium / België / Bélgica (Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, "?Be", sub O. lutea)

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Bosnia and Herzegovina / Bosnia y Herzegovina / Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина

"Bosnia!: Zenica, Travnik (Sendtner), Sarajevo, Igman (ipse); Hercegovina!: Trebinje (leg. Pantocsek)" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

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Bulgaria / България / Bulgarie / Bulgarien (Beck, 1890: 165, sub O. lutea; Beck, 1930: 238, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea)

"Dobrudscha [Dobruja / Dobrudja / Добруджа / Dobrudzha / Dobrogea, Bulgaria-Romania] leg. Sintenis" (Beck, 1890: 165, loc. class. of O. lutea var. typica f. hypoleuca).

Loveč / Lovech: "Loveč [Ловеч] (Urumoff)" (Beck, 1930: 239).

Sofia-Capital: "Bulgarien!: um Sofia [Cофия / Sofie] (Tošer)" (Beck, 1930: 239).

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Caucasus / Cáucaso (Steven, 1857: 354, terra class. of O. hians; Boissier, 1879: 511, sub O. rubens; Grossheim, 1949: 355; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108[83-84], sub O. lutea, "Caucasus: all regions").

Ciscaucasia / North Caucasus (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia [North Caucasus economic region])

Transcaucasia / South Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia)

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Croatia / Hrvatska Croacia / Kroatien / Croatie (Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. rubens; Boissier, 1879: 511, sub O. rubens; Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea, "Croatia"; Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea)

Primorje-Gorski kotar County / Primorsko-goranska županija: "139. Orobanche elatior Sutt. / Rchb. Flora germ. excurs. N. 2418. / Fiume [Rijeka], auf Medicago sativaDr. Noë." (P 04419595; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... e in val Draga [an area of the city of Rijeka] presso Fiume [Rijeka] (A.M. Smith!)" (Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens); "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Fiume [Rijeka] ... auf Medicago sativa / 1843 Noë" (P 04419607 - hb. Steudel; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Reichenbach (Noë), Exsicc. nr. 139 (sub O. elatior)" (Beck, 1890: 167); "n.ş 18452 ... Zwischen Pazin und Opatija (Kroatien, Istrien) ... 19. Mai 1997" (BIO 29894 - G. Gottschlich 33155; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Kroatien / Croatia Učka [Monte Maggiore, Istria] 28.6.10" (O. lutea in guenther-blaich.de, accessed Jun 2012).

 Lika-Senj: "Croatia litoralis: Rijavica ad Senj [Attienities / Senia / Segnia / Zeng / Zengg / Segna] 1911 (leg. F. Dobiasch in herb. Degen)" (Beck, 1922: 36, loc. class. of O. lutea f. liburnica; Beck, 1930: 242).

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Czech Republic / República Checa / Česká republika / Tschechischen Republik (Beck, 1890: 167, "Austria [Austrian Empire]! (ex ... Bohemia, Moravia...); Beck, 1930: 238, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Kreutz, 1995: 119, sub O. lutea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 71, sub O. lutea; Zázvorka, 2000: 505-507, 503 t. 81 f. 4, 4a, sub O. lutea)

Bohemia / Čechy / Czechy / Bohęme / Bohemia: "In Bohemiâ [Bohemia / Čechy] prope Pragam [Prague / Praha, Czech Republic / Česká republika], in radicibus Coryli Avellanae [Corylus avellana L.] parasitica" (Reuter, 1847: 24, sub O. avellanae Pfund (Beck, 1890: 166); = O. rubens var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Rchb. (Beck, 1930: 241)); "Austr. (Böhemen)" (Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. Avellanae); "Bohemia" (Beck, 1890: 167).

Central Bohemian / Středočeský: "In Bohemiâ [Bohemia / Čechy] prope Pragam [Prague / Praha, Czech Republic / Česká republika], in radicibus Coryli Avellanae [Corylus avellana L.] parasitica" (Reuter, 1847: 24, loc. class. of O. avellanae Pfund (Beck, 1890: 166); = O. rubens var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Rchb. (Beck, 1930: 241)); "Austr. (Böhemen)" (Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. Avellanae).

South Moravian / Jihomoravský

Hodonín: 1363. Moravia merid.-orient.: Strážnice 5. VI. 1948 Leg. J. Podpěra et socii (P 04406119; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); Suchovske, Bílé Karpaty [White Carpathians, Slovak-Moravian Carpathians] (CZ), 28-5-1994" (Kreutz, 1995: 119!, sub O. lutea).

Ústí nad Labem / Ústecký / Aussig: "Orobanche medicaginis Dub. / Böhemen: Mittelgebirge / 8. Juni 1876. Leg. Lodny / Auf Medicago falcata L." (CLF 209748; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2017); "Dr. C. Baenitz, herbarium Europaeum. N.ş / Orobanche medicaginis Schultz / Böhemen: An Lobosch bei Lobositz [Lovosice] / 5.6.84 / Leg. Lodny" (CLF 209746; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2017); "Fotografováno ve dnech 16. 6. 2004, 19. 6. 2006, 7. 6. 2007 a 6. 6. 2008 (Mukoděly) a 27. 6. 2006 (Nečemice)" (O. lutea in botany.cz, accessed Jun 2012).

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France / Francia / Frankreich (Reuter, 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Grenier, 1853: 635, sub O. rubens; Boissier, 1879: 511, sub O. rubens; Saint-Lager, 1883: 610, sub O. rubens; Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck, 1930: 238, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 71, sub O. lutea; France distribution in Tela Botanica, accessed Jun 2012)

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes [Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes]

Drôme (26): "Ch. d'Alleizette / Orobanche rubens Wallr. / parasite sur le Medicago sativa / Drôme: Buis dei Baronias [Buis-les-Baronnies], champs / 4.VII.1911" (CLF 170281; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2017).

Isčre: "Société dauphinoise, 1883. / N.ş 3836 Orobanche rubens Wallr. Orob. / ... (1825), 46 ... / ... Or. Medicaginis / Duby ... / Le Rondeau, prčs Grenoble (Isčre): praires. / Mai-juin 1882.  Arvet-T., / abb. Chaboisseau, abb. Faure, abb. Guétal." (P 04419599 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (P 04393957; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (P 04441476 - herb. J. Arčnes; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Rhône: 1. "Orobanche rubens Wallr. ex Reuter 1851". – 2. "Orobanche Medicaginis Dub. / Sur le Medicago falcata / Lyon / Timeroy / 1840" (P 04419074; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Ad radices Medicaginis prope Lugdunum [Lyon] (Al. Jordan!)" (Reuter, 1847: 6, loc. class. of Phelypaea rubenti × arenaria [= O. lutea var. typica f. concreta (Beck, 1890: 166)]; "Lyon" (Grenier, 1853, 625, sub Phelypaea arenaria var. rubenti-arenaria (Reut.) Gren.); "Gallia tota! (... Lyon ...)" (Beck, 1890: 167); "4528.— Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Rhône: Grigny, coteaux, bords des chemins, sur Medicago sativa. / 10 mai 1923.  Thiébaut" (P 03810682; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (P 00598714 - herb. Rotereau; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (P 04432496; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Frankreich: bei Lyon (Jordan)" (Beck, 1930: 241, sub O. lutea).

Savoie: "Nş 58749 / Orobanche / rubens Wallr. / 3 auot 1967 / Pralognan (Savoie) sur le Plateau du Bochor [Plateau du Mont Bochor, Pralognan-la-Vanoise] / alt. 2000 m / Leg. B. de Retz" (P 04411791 - herb. Bernard de Retz; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Centre-Val de Loire

Loiret: "Gallia tota! (... Orleans ...)" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Grand Est / Great East / Großer Osten [Alsace / Elsass / Elsaß / Alsacia-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine / Lothringen / Louréne / Lorena]

Bas-Rhin: "var. b,  sur les Luzernes cultivées et en faux ... contrées du Rhin" (Mutel, 1835: 348, sub O. medicaginis var. rubens); 1. "Fossés de la Citadelle de Strasbourg / Mai 1869". – 2. "Orobanche / rubens Wallr. ... / Parasite sur les racines de Medicago falcata et / sativa" (P 04419071 - herb. M. Silbermann; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Strassburg" (Beck, 1890: 167).

Meuse: "Herbier P. Bickart / Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Ugny (Meuse) [Ugny-sur-Meuse] / Lg. Breton   Juin 1905 (P 04419075 - herb. P. Bickart; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Meurthe-et-Moselle: "Nancy (au-dessus de Champigneules, Pompey: Suard)" (Godron, 1843: 179, sub O. medicaginis Vaucher ex F.W. Schultz).

Moselle: "Metz (côtes de St.-Quentin et de Gorze: Holandre)" (Godron, 1843: 179, sub O. medicaginis Vaucher ex F.W. Schultz); "var. b, sur les Luzernes cultivées et en faux, sommet de la côte de Saint-Quentin et de Gorze prčs Metz (Holl.)" (Mutel, 1835: 348, sub O. medicaginis var. rubens).

Nouvelle-Aquitaine [Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes]

Charente-Maritime: "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / ... / Prairies du fort de la Prée, dans l' Île de Ré / (Des Moulins). / Des Moulins / misit Julio 1835" (K 000807000 - hb J. Gay; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2017); "Gallia tota! (Ile de Ré...)" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Lot-et-Garonne (47): "Herbier de Ch. d'Alleizette / Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Lot-&-Garonne - Route Fayum ŕ Villeneuve S/Lot [Villeneuve-sur-Lot] / dans un cham - Sur Medicags / Juillet 1911" (CLF 170280; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2017).

Occitanie / Occitŕnia [Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées]

Gard: "Hab., parasite, sur le medicago sativa et le M. falcata, ŕ Cernach, Vallabrčgues" (Pouzolz, 1862: 149, sub O. rubens) [James Molina, pers. comm., 28 Aug 2017].

Hérault: "F Sčte 5.6.09" (O. lutea in http://www.guenther-blaich.de, accessed Jun 2012 [these records seem to correspond to O. kochii]).

Pyrénées-Orientales [unconfirmed]: "champs de luzerne de la Salanque [Saint-Laurent-de-la-Salanque / Sant Llorenç de la Salanca] et du Riveral, les environs de Vernet-les-Bains [Vernet], Vinça, Baixas et Cases-de-Pena [Cases-de-Pčne / Les Cases de Pena]; les champs prés Prats-de-Molló [Prats-de-Mollo-la-Preste / Prats de Molló i la Presta] oů vit le Medicago falcata" (Companyo, 1864: 515, sub O. rubens); Prat de Molló [Prats-de-Mollo-la-Preste / Prats de Molló i la Presta] (Vayreda, 1880).

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Bouches-du-Rhône: "Gallia tota! (... Marseille)" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea) [unconfirmed, vide O. kochii]; Camargue [unconfirmed, probably always in error for others yellowish species of this genus such as O. kochii or O. minor (H. Michaud & D. Pavon, pers. comm., 4 Jul 2012)].

Vaucluse: "Ile de la Barthelasse [James Molina, pers. comm., 28 Aug 2017] prčs Avignon / O. medicaginis / Frčre Telesphose [James Molina, pers. comm., 28 Aug 2017]" (P 04419069; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); Départ. du Vaucluse, D72 between Orange and Châteauneuf-du-Pape (near Maucoil), apparently parasitizing Medicago sativa L. (Leguminosae), G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0122, 2 Jun 2006 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12594).

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Georgia / Sakartvelo / Georgien (Steven, 1857: 354, "atque ex Iberia a Wilhelmsio habeo.", loc. class. of O. hians; Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108[83-84], sub O. lutea, "Caucasus [Caucasus / Caucas / Cáucaso]: all regions"; Carlón & al. 2005: 64, sub O. lutea)

Samzche-Dschawachetien: "O. lutea Baumg.: 38; 4.948 ą 0.052; 2.474; Georgia (WU: S&T 6966)" (Weiss-Schneeweiss & al., 2006); AY209279: Georgia, Minor Caucasus, valley of river Mtkvari (Kura), between Akaltsikhe [Achalziche] and Atsquri, 920-980 m, on Medicago sp. (Fabaceae), G. Schneeweiss & AT (WU: S&T 6966) (Carlón & al. 2005: 64, sub O. lutea).

Tbilisi: "Georgia!, Tiflis [Tbilisi] (leg. Bayern)" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

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Germany / Deutschland / Alemania / Allemagne (Reichenbach, 1829: 37; Schultz, 1840: 127, sub O. rubens; Reuter, 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Reichenbach fil., 1862: 99, "In Medicagine falcata hic inde in ditione media ac subaustrali", sub O. rubens; Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. rubens [O. elatior]; Nyman, 1865: 131, "boruss. [Prussia / Borussia]", sub O. rubens [O. Bueckii A. Dietr.], 132, "Germ (Frankf. a. d. Oder)", sub O. Buekiana; Boissier, 1879: 511, sub O. rubens; Thomé, 1885: 197, t. 539 sub O. rubens; Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck, 1930: 238, 242, sub var. buekiana, "Deutschland: Frankfurt a. O. (Buek!), Rittgarten bei Prenzlau!; Schlesien: Kabscher Gipsgruben bei Dierschel!, Rheinhessen, Westfalen (nicht gesehen)"; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Kreutz, 1995: 118-119, sub O. lutea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 71, sub O. lutea)

Baden-Württemberg (map in The floristic mapping of Baden-Württemberg, accessed Sep 2017)

Karlsruhe: "Mannheim" (Beck, 1890: 167).

Rhein-Neckar-Kreis: "D Hemsbach 11.5.12" (O. lutea in www.guenther-blaich.de, accessed Jun 2012).

Tübingen: "Ulm" (Beck, 1890: 167).

Zollernalbkreis: "Orobanche lutea, Schwäbische Alb [Swabian Jura] (Mittlere Kuppenalb), Germany", 20 May 2007, Bernd Haynold (accessed Jun 2012).

Bavaria / Bayern / Baviera  (O. lutea in Botanische Informationsknoten Bayern, accessed Oct 2014).

Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern: "63. Orobanche elatior, Sutt. / Rchb. pl. crit. VII. ic. 899. 900. / Auf Brachäckern bei München [Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern] am 1. Juli ges. v. Spitzel. / * O. rubens Wallr. auf Wurzeln von Trifol. flexuosum am / Kalkfelsen der Webelsburg [Wewelsburg, North Rhine-Westphalia] in Thüringen: Wallroth." (P 04419595; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "63. Orobanche elatior Sutt. / Rchb. p. crit. VII. ic. 899. 900. / Auf Brachäckern bei München am 1 Juli ges. v. Spitzel. / O. rubens Wallr. Auf Wurzeln von Trifol. flexuosum am / Kalkfesen der Webelsburg in Thüringen: Wallroth." (K 000806999; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg. (Schultz, 1829: 8; Reichenbach, 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior (O. lutea, O. rubens)]); idem (P 04384979; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg. (Schultz, 1829: 8; Reichenbach, 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior (O. lutea, O. rubens)]); idem (P 04384980; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg.); "9. O. Medicaginis Vauch. (O. elatior Beitrag Reichb., Fl. Germ exsicc. Nr. 63) auf Medicago sativa" (Schultz, 1830: 505, sub O. Medicaginis Vauch.); "in der Rheinpfalz: Ziz, bei München: v. Spitzel" (Reichenbach, 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior [O. lutea, O. rubens]); "Orobanche Medicaginis Duby / ... / pr. München in radice Medicaginis / sativae et falcatae. A. Braum / 1832" (K 000806998; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2017); "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Munich / C. Billot" (P 04419598, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "München" (Beck, 1890: 167); "Reichenbach, Exsicc. nr. 63! (sub O. elatior)" (Beck, 1890: 167); "in monte Calvarienberg pr. Baden (ipse)" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub var. buekiana); "Kalvarienberg bei Baden!" ( Beck, 1930: 242, sub var. buekiana); "Herb. A. Chevallier // 22.7.1905 / Orobanche alpestris / Berchtesgaden / Bavičre" (P 04243417; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2015).

Brandenburg

Frankfurt (Oder): "4. Orobanche elatior / collegi pr. Francofurt. ad / Viadr. / J.N. Buek / 1843" (P 04392726; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011, typus of O. buekiana W.D.J. Koch); "Wächst auf Anhöhen des Oderufers bei Frankfurt an der Oder [Frankfurt an der Oder / Frankfurt (Oder), Brandenburg, Germany / Alemania] in Lehmboden und findet sich einzeln auf Medicago falcata. Von dem um die vaterländische Flora so hoch verdienten Herrn Apotheker Bueck in Frankfurt an der Oder entdeckt, der mir lebende Exemplare davon übersendete und dem zu Ehren ich sie benannt habe. Blüht im Mai und Juni" (Dietrich, 1835: 145, loc. class. of O. buekii; Reuter, 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Nyman, 1865: 131, "boruss. [Prussia / Borussia]", sub O. rubens [O. Bueckii A. Dietr.], 132, "Germ (Frankf. a. d. Oder)", sub O. Buekiana; Beck, 1890: 164; "In locis incultis super Medicagine sativâ parasitica, circa Francofurtum ad Viadrum [Francofortum ad Viadrum = Frankfurt (Oder)] (Reuter, 1847: 30); "Francofurti ad Viadr. in monte Lussow Buek! (decem possideo typos.)" (Reichenbach fil., 1862: 99, sub O. rubens var. buekiana); "O. Buekianam adhuc vidi ex : / Silesia: Frankfurt an der Oder (Buek, Spec. orig.) Kabscher Gypsgruben et prope Dierschel; Borussia: Rittgarten prope Prenzlau (Schlickum)" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub var. buekiana); "Orobanche rubens Wallroth / Francofurtum ad Viadrum / In rad. Medicag. / falc. ..." (P 04419593; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Lower Normandy

Calvados: "Sur la Luzerne cultivée, ... et Bayeux (De Brčbisson)" (Mutel, 1835: 348, sub O. medicaginis).

Orne: "Sur la Luzerne cultivée, Alençon et ... (De Brčbisson)" (Mutel, 1835: 348, sub O. medicaginis).

North Rhine-Westphalia

Düsseldorf: "63. Orobanche elatior, Sutt. / Rchb. pl. crit. VII. ic. 899. 900. / Auf Brachäckern bei München [Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern] am 1. Juli ges. v. Spitzel. / * O. rubens Wallr. auf Wurzeln von Trifol. flexuosum am / Kalkfelsen der Webelsburg [Wewelsburg, North Rhine-Westphalia] in Thüringen: Wallroth." (P 04419595; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "63. Orobanche elatior Sutt. / Rchb. p. crit. VII. ic. 899. 900. / Auf Brachäckern bei München am 1 Juli ges. v. Spitzel. / O. rubens Wallr. Auf Wurzeln von Trifol. flexuosum am / Kalkfesen der Webelsburg in Thüringen: Wallroth." (K 000806999; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg. (Schultz, 1829: 8; Reichenbach, 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior (O. lutea, O. rubens)]); idem (P 04384979; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg. (Schultz, 1829: 8; Reichenbach, 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior (O. lutea, O. rubens)]); idem (P 04384980; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg.); "9. O. Medicaginis Vauch. (O. elatior Beitrag Reichb., Fl. Germ exsicc. Nr. 63) auf Medicago sativa" (Schultz, 1830: 505, sub O. Medicaginis Vauch.); "Düsseldorf" (Beck, 1890: 167); "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Auf Medicago falc. / Düsseldorf" (P 04419593; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Rhineland-Palatinate

Mainz: "var. b,  sur les Luzernes cultivées et en faux ... Palatinat" (Mutel, 1835: 348, sub O. medicaginis var. rubens); "Dr. Wirtgen Herb. pl. crit. select. Fasc. XI. / 621 / Orobanche rubens Wallr. / In grosser Menge auf Medicago sativa und falcata schmarotzend in / den Kieferwäldern bei Mainz. / 12. Juni 1861   W." (P 04406418 - herb. E.G. Camus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (P 04419605 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2017); "palat." (Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. rubens); "Wirtgen, Herb. plant. crit. select. fasc. XI, nr. 621!" (Beck, 1890: 167); "Mainz" (Beck, 1890: 167).

Saxony

Dresde: "901. et DCLXX. 902. legi in valle Plauensi [Plauen] FI. Dresdensis, altera memorabilis ob гаmum lateralem. Junio floruit in Medicagine sativa et falcata sub Pruno spinosa" (Reichenbach, 1829: 37, sub O. elatior [O. rubens]); "Auf Medicago falcata und sativa an Ackerrämdern. auf Hügeln bei Dresden" (Reichenbach, 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior [O. lutea, O. rubens]); "Orobanche elatior / Dresden / 962 / = rubens Wallr." (P 04419595; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Dresden" (Beck, 1890: 167).

Thuringia / Thüringen

"Orobanche / rubens mea / Wallroth misit Dec. 1828" (K 000759336; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017); "in Thüringen: Wallr. am Harz: Hampe" (Reichenbach, 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior [O. lutea, O. rubens]); "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Thuringia / Grisebach 1851" (P 04446052; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Jena: "Jena" (Beck, 1890: 167); "Flachsleite bei Jena in Thüringen, 1988" (Uhlich & al., 1995: 41, Abb. 26).

Kyffhäuserkreis: "(auf Medicago spec.) bei Bad Frankenhausen, 3. 6. 1988" (Uhlich & al., 1995: 41, Abb. 25).

Nordhausen-Kyffhäuserkreis: "In collibus editioribus ad Biebram. — Extra fines ad Auleben et Sondershusam. Jul." (Wallroth, 1822: 307, loc. class. of O. rubens).

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Greece / Grecia / Ελλάδα / Hellas (Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Strid & Tan, 2000: 66, sub O. lutea)

Central Macedonia

Chalkidiki / Halkidiki / Chalcidice: "Ic. Rchb. crt. 7 f. 919 [= O. hederae!]. / In peninsula Hajion-Oros [Mount Athos / Άγιον Όρος / Agion Oros / Hagion Oros]: prope Karaes alt. 2000' solitarie (parasitice in radice quadam lignosa, forsan Hederae)!" (Grisebach, 1844: 57, sub O. medicaginis Dub. [this record seems to correspond to O. hederae]).

Epirus

Ioannina: "Epirus: auf dem Berge Prosgoli [near Méga Peristérion, municipality of Metsovo] in. 1000 m Seehöhe (Formanek als O. prosgolica!)" (Beck, 1930: 239, loc. class. of O. prosgolica); "Monodendri-Oxia, 1340 m" (photo by Harry Jans 2010, sub O. alba, accessed Jun 2012).

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Hungary / Hungría / Magyarország (Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. rubens; Beck, 1890: 167, "Hungaria [Kingdom of Hungary]! (Croatia, Hungaria, Transsylvania)"; Beck, 1930: 239; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292)

Central Hungary: "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / in pratis campi Rákos Pestini [Budse-Pestini / Budapest]. Maj 1878 / Medic. sativa / Borbás V.) (P 04419609; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Heves: "Ungarn: Com. Heves auf dem Berge Sárhegy bei Gyöngyös (Degen!)" (Beck, 1930: 242, sub var. buekiana).

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Iran / Irán / Persia / Persien (Boissier, 1879: 511, sub O. rubens "Specimen a cl. Szovits es Transcaucasiâ  loco non indicato herb. Hort. Petrop. húc refero. In radice Medicaginum parasitica"); Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea, "In itinere persico (leg. Szovits)"; Bornmüller, 1904: 681-682, sub O. lutea; Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 17, sub O. lutea, "Persia")

Māzandarān: "Persia borealis: Elburs [Alborz / Alburz / Elburz / Elborz], ad basin septentr. alpium Totschal in valle prope Scheheristanek, 2200 m. s. m.; 12.VI.1902 (Bornm., iter Persicum II, n. 7922); in subalpinis montium Elburs in valle Lur prope pagum Getschesär, 2200 m. s. m.; 23.II.1902 (Bornm., iter Persicum II, n. 7921; n. 7921b f. floribus maximis)." (Bornmüller, 1904: 681-682, sub O. lutea); "Nord-Persien!: Elburs am Fuße des Totschal bei Scheheristanek in 2200 m Seehöhe im Juni 1902 (Bornmüller) (Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

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Italy / Italia / Italien (Bertoloni, 1846: 436, loc. class. of O. fragrantissima, "Legi in collibus Bononiensibus de S. Michele in bosco, di Castiglionee, di Barbiano, Padermo, Sabbione, Casalecchio, ubi copiosa, et constanter parasitica supra Medicaginem falcatam L. Habui ex Pedemontio in pratis collinis ad Albam Pempejam a Bertero, ex agro Veronensi a Bussolengo supra Trifolium pratense L., Medicaginem sativam L., et Lotum corniculatum L. a Tommasinio, et a Biasoletto, ex agro Patavino ab Eq. Trevisano. Floret Majo"; Reichenbach fil., 1862: 99; Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. fragrantissima; Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens; Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea, "Italia! (Alpes Cottiarum ...)"; Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 71, sub O. lutea)

Campania

Naples (NA): "Italia! (... ins. Nisida prope Neapolim ...)" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Emilia-Romagna

Bologna (BO): "Orobanche fragrantissima Bert., Fl. Ital. 6 / p. 436. n. 13 / supra radices Medicaginis falcata L. / Bononia in monte Paderno" (P 04419598; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Bologna" (Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. fragrantissima).

Modena (MO): "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... nel Bolognese e Modenese agli Arienti (Cocc.)" (Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens); "Riserva Naturale delle Salse di Nirano" (photo in flora.provincia.modena.it, accessed Jun 2012).

Parma (PR): "Orobanche minor Smith / Jan h. v. n.ş 540. 4. / Parmae / Jan misit Majo 1822" (K 000759337; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017); "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... nel Parmense alla Baganza [Sala Baganza] (Passerini!, Ces. Pass. Gib.)" (Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens); "Italia! (... Parma ...)" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Reggio Emilia (RE): "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... a Castelfranco, a Rubiera (Gib. Pir.)" (Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens).

Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Trieste (TS): "Chiadino bei Triest ... S. Andrea [Sant'Andrea], Chiapovano bei Triest. Tommassini!" (Reichenbach fil., 1862: 99, sub O. rubens); "Triest" (Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. fragrantissima); "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... in Istria intorno a Trieste in diversi punti (Reich. fil.)" (Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens); "Comune di Trieste, prato falciabile presso il Monte Spaccato, TS, FVG, Italia, 26/5/05 ... Comune di Trieste, localitŕ Basovizza, prato ai margini della strada per San Lorenzo., TS, Friuli Venezia-Giulia, Italia, 14/05/2009" (picture by Andrea Moro in Project Dryades, accessed Jun 2012).

Udine (UD): "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... in Friuli intorno a Udine e altrove (Pir.)" (Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens).

Lazio

Rome (RM): "Italia! (... Roma ...)" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Lombardy

Bergamo (BG): "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... nel Bergamasco in valle Caleppio [Castelli Calepio] (Rota [Rota d'Imagna])" (Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens).

Brescia (BS): "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... nel Bresciano a Sarezzo, sul Cornablacca [Corna Blacca, Prealpi bresciane] a Peio (Zersi)" (Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens).

Pavia (PV): "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... nel Pavese sui colli d'Oltre Po (Rota)" (Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens).

Piedmont

Cuneo (CN): "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... ad Alba (Bertero!)" (Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens); "Italia! (... Alba [Alba Pompeia] ...)" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Turin (TO): "Italia! (Alpes Cottiarum [Alpi Cozie / Alpes cottiennes / Cottian Alps]...)" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Sardinia / Sardegna / Sardaigne / Cerdeńa / Sardinien (Chater & Webb, 1972: 292); "Orobanche lutea Baumg. (Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215. 1816) [= Orobanche fragrantissima Bertol. (Fl. Ital. 6: 436. 1846) has been repeatedly reported from South Sardinia near the S. Gilla pond, from Mount Arcosu, the Rio S. Lucia valley (see also Conti & al., 2005) and, recently, the Campidano (Bocchieri & Iiriti 2006). We found no confirmation of any of these records in the herbaria studied" (Domina & Arrigoni, 2007: 134).

Sicily / Sicilia / Sicile / Sizilien (Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea)

"Margine strada Guttureddu, Stazzu Aroni, Uta, CA, 11.IV.1993, G. Bacchetta (CAG); M.te Arcosu (Mossa et al., 1996); S.ta Lucia (Mossa et Bacchetta, 1998)" (Bacchetta, 2006: 191); "Orobanche lutea Lojac., Naturalista Sicil. 1: 256 (1882) [O. variegata Wallr., Orob. Gen.: 40 (1825)] ... Note: This name has been attributed to yellowish individuals that occasionally occur within the Orobanche variegata Wallr. population." (Domina & Mazzola, 2007: 232).

Trentino-Alto Adige / Trentino-Südtirol

South Tyrol / Sudtirolo / Südtirol (BZ): "Trockene Triften bis an die Voralpen, auf Medicago falcata.— ... Bozen [Bolzano]: haüfig am norwestlichen Abhange des Calvarienberges [monte Calvario], dann auf den Waldblössen der Rodlerau; seltener am Ritten [Renon], bei Klobenstein [Collalbo] südöstlich am Rösslerhofe mit O. Epithymum (Hsm. [Hausmann])" (Hausmann, 1852: 649, sub O. rubens); "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: in Tirolo presso Bolzano in diversi punti (Hausm.)" (Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens).

Trentino (TN): "Orobanche condensata Moris ? Porta / parasitica sub Medicagine [Medicago]. / Tirolia austral. in pascuis di Dos Brione pr. Riva [Riva del Garda] / sol. petrae arenariae ... / 16 ... 1894[?]  Porta" (P 04384678; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the sheet contains three specimens, one of these appears to be O. variegata (on right-hand of the sheet), but the other two (on the left-hand of the sheet) are from Porta (close to Porta's label) and correspond to O. lutea]).

Veneto

Verona (VR): "Verona" (Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. fragrantissima); "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... a Verona (Massalongo!), e nel Veronese sul monte Pastello [Monti Lessini, Prealpi Venete] a 2500' (Bracht!, Bert.), negli Euganei [Colli Euganei / Euganean Hills)] (Trev.)" (Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens); "Italia! (... Verona, Peschiera [Peschiera del Garda] ...)" (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

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Kazakhstan / Қазақстан / Qazaqstan / Казахстан / Kazajistán

"Songoria [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria] (leg. Schrenk), in montibus Altaicis (leg. Mayer), sec. spec. herbarii Petrop., si schedula non falsa permutata est." (Beck, 1890: 167); "In der Songarei (Schrenk!) und im Altai (Mayer!), gesehen im Herb. Petersburg, ob nicht Etiquettenirrtum?" (Beck, 1930: 239); "Songoria" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 17, sub O. lutea).

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Latvia / Latvija / Letonia / Lettland [unconfirmed]

Courland / Kurzeme / Kurāmō / Kurland: "Kurland (nach F. Hermann, nicht gesehen)" (Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

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Liechtenstein (Pusch & Günther, 2009: 71, sub O. lutea)

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Montenegro / Crna Gora [Black Mountain] / Црна Гора (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea)

"Montenegro!" (Beck, 1890: 167); "Crna Gora!" (Beck, 1930: 239).

Budva: "Bosnia: prope Petrovae [Petrovac / Petrovac na Moru / Петровац на / Castellastua] m. Junio 1892 (G. Beck)" (Beck, 1922: 36, loc. class. of O. lutea f. evanida).

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Netherlands / Nederlanden / Países Bajos (Nyman, 1865: 131, "Batav. [Batavia]", sub O. rubens; Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea, "Hollandia (n. v.)"; Beck, 1930: 238, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Kreutz, 1995: 119, sub O. lutea!)

Gelderland / Guelders / Geldern: "Tolkamer, Gelderland (NL), 15-6-1985" (Kreutz, 1995: 119, sub O. lutea!).

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Poland / Polska / Polonia / Polen (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea, "Polen!"; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 71, sub O. lutea; Piwowarczyk, 2012: 10-11, 20-21 "Appendix 9. List of localities of Orobanche lutea"; Piwowarczyk & Krajewski, 2014, sub O. lutea)

Łódź: "Volhynia! [Wołyń]" (Beck, 1890: 167).

Lower Silesian: "Breslau [Wrocław]" (Beck, 1890: 167).

Silesian / Silesia: "Piotrkow bei Czestochow [Częstochowa] (Karo)" (Beck, 1930: 239); "2012-06-16 Jaworzno ... Two specimens photographed Skalka hillside settlement in the area of the hill at a distance of approximately 800m north of the hill settlement. The approximate coordinates - N: 50st, 11min, 26sek. E: 19st, 17min, 44sek. In the community was a lot of alfalfa and hybrid cell." (Piotr Grzegorzek, pers. comm. 2 Jul 2012).

Note: "it mostly occurs in the Polish Uplands and, less frequently, along the lower oder and Vistula rivers and in the Carpathian Foothills. The highest density of its localities and probably the most abundant populations in europe are recorded in the Silesia-Cracow Upland" (Piwowarczyk & Krajewski, 2014, sub O. lutea).

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Romania / Rumania / România (Baumgarten, 1816: 215, loc. class. of O. lutea; Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. rubens; Boissier, 1879: 511, sub O. rubens; Beck, 1890: 167, "Transsylvania"; Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea)

"Dobrudscha [Dobruja / Dobrudja / Добруджа / Dobrudzha / Dobrogea, Bulgaria-Romania] leg. Sintenis" (Beck, 1890: 165, loc. class. of O. lutea var. typica f. hypoleuca).

"In pratis montosis siccioribusque ubique. Jun. [Transylvania]" (Baumgarten, 1816: 215, loc. class. of O. lutea); "767. Orobanche lutea Baumg.: II-IV (14,5); G, Eua (M); H2T3R4 / - var. buekiana Koch: IV (14,25) / - f. collecta Beck: IV (14,25)" (Drăgulescu, 1995: 77).

"Flora Transylvanica / No 13531 / Orobanche rubens Wallr. / ...  ... [Transylvania] auf / Vicia ... / 16 Mai 876 / Csató // Herb. Schur" (P 04384972 - Hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2012 [only the two specimens on the left of the sheet, close to its label. The rest of specimens are O. kochii]).

Cluj: 2897. Orobanche lutea ... / f. porphyrea G. Beck / Transsilvania, distr. Cluj. In pratis montanis subxerophyticis vallis "Valea Popii" prope oppid. ... 28 Maj. 1939. / Plantae nutrices: Medicago falcata, ... / leg. E.J. Nyárády" (P 04406118; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

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Russia / Россия / Rossiya / Rusia / Russie / Russland (Steven, 1857: 354 loc. class. of O. hians; Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. rubens; Boissier, 1879: 511, sub O. rubens; Beck, 1890: 167; Beck, 1930: 239; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108[83-84], sub O. lutea, "Caucasus [Caucasus / Caucas / Cáucaso]: all regions [North Caucasus economic region]"; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Czerepanov, 2007: 331, sub O. lutea)

"Rossia meridionalis!" (Beck, 1890: 167); "European USSR: Upper Dnieper, Middle Dnieper, Bessarabia, Black Sea Region, Lower Don, Crimea. Caucasus: All regions. Soviet Central Asia: mountainous Turmenia, Pamiro-Alai" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108[83-84]).

Southern Federal District / Ю́жный федера́льный о́круг [North Caucasian Federal District / Северо-Кавказский федеральный округ]

Dagestan Republic / Респу́блика Дагеста́н: "In der Nähe von Derbend [Derbent / Дербе́нт / Dərbənd] am kaspischen Meere [Caspian Sea]" (Koch, 1849: 665, sub O. rubens); "Ciskaukasien: Daghestan distr. Temir Chan-Schura, in 510 m Seehöhe im Mai (Alexeenko!), nicht typisch." (Beck, 1930: 242, sub var. buekiana); "Dagestan" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108[84], var. buekiana; Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 457).

Karachay-Cherkess Republic / Карачаево-Черкесская Республика: "Соцветие. Карачаево-Черкесия, Теберда, гора Лысая. 29.05.2013." (photos 196083 et 196082 by Сергей Банкетов, 2013 in Plantarium, accessed Jan 2017).

Krasnodar Krai / Краснода́рский край: "eandem ad ostia Hypanis [Kuban River] circa Taman [Тамань, Temryuksky District] legi" (Steven, 1857: 354 loc. class. of O. hians).

Krim / Crimea (see Ukraine / Russia) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108[83-84])

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Serbia / Srbija / Србија (Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. rubens [O. medicaginis Dub.], "Turc. (Serbia)"; Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea)

Rasina: "In Serbia: inter Kruschewacz [Kruševac / Крушевац] et m. Kopaunik [Kopaonik / Копаоник] pr. Cozlik (Fiedr. [Friedrichsthal])" (Grisebach, 1844: 56, sub O. elatior Sutt., "...superne rectiusculo ... Syn. O. rubens Wallr.!" [this record seems to correspond to O. kochii]); "Macedonia!: Cozlik (leg. Friedrichsthal)" (Beck, 1890: 167 [this record seems to correspond to O. kochii]); "Serbia!: prope Topinovic et Krusevac [Kruševac / Крушевац] (leg. Pančić)" (Beck, 1890: 167).

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Slovakia / Slovensko / Eslovaquia / Slowakei (Beck, 1930: 238, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; O. lutea in www.nahuby.sk/atlas-rastlin, accessed Jun 2012)

Trenčín Region / Trenčínský kraj: "Kvetna Ohorska / Stolica: Trenčín No. 11457 / Orobanche elatior Sutt. / ... / in Medicagine / sativâ / 6 1874 / J.L. Holuby" (P 04384980 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [two specimens on the right hand of the sheet, close to its label]).

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Slovenia / Slovenija / Eslovenia / Slowenien (Reichenbach fil., 1862: 99, sub O. rubens; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 71, sub O. lutea; partimento di Scienze della Vita, Universitŕ degli Studi di Trieste picture by Andrea Moro, accessed Jun 2012)

Slovenian Littoral: "Haidenschaft [Ajdovščina / Aidussina],  ... Schönpass [Šempas / Sambasso / Schönpals], Lippiza [Lipica]" (Reichenbach fil., 1862: 99, sub O. rubens); "Carso sloveno, localitŕ Pliskovica [Sežana], Slovenia, 24/11/04" (picture by Andrea Moro in Project Dryades, accessed Jun 2012); "North of the main road from Bovec to village Žaga, near Žvikar inn, East Julian Alps, Posocje, Slovenia EC" (photos by Amadej Trnkoczy, accessed Jun 2012).

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Spain / Espańa / Espagne / Spanien [unconfirmed, probably always in error for others yellowish species of this genus (Foley, 2001: 71; Pujadas, 2001: 79-80 "A falta de cap testimoni d’herbari, considerem la seva presčncia com molt dubtosa als Paďsos Catalans i de moment no s’hauria de tenir en compte per la flora del territori.")] (Willkomm, 1870: 624, sub O. rubens; Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck, 1930: 238, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea)

Aragon / Aragón

Zaragoza (Z): "Orobanche lutea Baumg major? [o. s.] / Calatayud [ N 41° 21' 0'' W 1° 38' 0'', c. 564 m] 9/5 1909 / para comprobar [o. s.] / Leg. C. Vicioso" (MA 115076) (Vicioso, 1912: 101(13), sub O. lutea Baugm; rev. L. Carlón, G. Moreno Moral & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [the sheet contains two specimens which seem to correspond to yellow forms of O. loscosii]).

Catalonia / Catalunya / Cataluńa

"In Catal. ad radices Medicaginis sativae et falcatae satis frequens (Csta., pr. Barcelona, Fk.!) ... (n. v.)" (Willkomm, 1870: 624, sub O. rubens).

Barcelona (B): "pr. Barcelona, Fk.!) ... (n. v.)" (Willkomm, 1870: 624, sub O. rubens).

Gerona / Girona (Ge / Gi): Sagaró ... Espolla (Vayreda, 1902, sub O. rubens).

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Switzerland / Schweiz / Suisse / Svizzera / Suiza (Vaucher, 1827: 45, t. 2, loc. class. of Orobanche de la Luzerne cultivée; Mutel, 1835: 348, sub O. medicaginis; Reuter, 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. rubens; Beck, 1890: 167, "Helvetia! (Genf, Basel)"; Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Pusch & Günther, 2009: 71, sub O. lutea)

Geneva: "sur lesbastions de Genčve [Geneva], ŕ l'entrée du pont de fil-de-fer ... parasites d'autres pieds de Luzerne" (Vaucher, 1827: 45, t. 2, loc. class. of Orobanche de la Luzerne cultivée); "prčs le pont de fil de fer ŕ Genčve, murs prčs Vevay (Vaucher)" (Mutel, 1835: 348, sub O. medicaginis); "in moentis Genevae!" (Reuter, 1847: 25, sub O. rubens).

Schaffhausen: "Herbier P. Litzler / Orobanche lutea Baumg. / Suisse (Schaffhousen): / Sur l'Osterberg 781 m / entre Bargen et Merishausen / sur Medicago falcata / leg. G. Kummer 7.06.1942 / det. (don ETH Zürich)"  (MPU 339622; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017).

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Tajikistan / Таджикистан / Tadzhikistan / Tayikistán / Tadschikistan [Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic / Tajik SSR]

"Described from southern Tadzhiskistan [Tajikistan / Таджикистан]. Type in Leningrad" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108[84], loc. class. of O. linczevskyi Novopokr.); Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 457; Czerepanov, 1981; Zázvorka, 2000: 505, sub O. lutea).

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Turkmenistan / Turkmenistán / Turkmenia / Туркмения (Bornmüller, 1904: 682, sub O. lutea; Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea, "Turkomannien"; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 17, sub O. lutea, "Turcomania")

Ahal: "Turcomania: As-chabad [Ashgabat / Aşgabat / Ашхабад / Ashkhabad / Poltoratsk], Karakala, in monte Sundsodagh; 12.VI.1901 (leg. Sintenis exsicc, n. 1938)." (Bornmüller, 1904: 682, sub O. lutea); "Turkomannien!: Aschabad, Karakala auf dem Berge Sundsodagh, im Juni 1901 (Sintenis)" (Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

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Turkey / Türkiye / Turquía (Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 17, sub O. lutea, "Anatolia"; Pils, 2006: 259 [photo!] "O. lutea: 500-2300; ą on Fabaceae; N, C, EE, SE")

Northeast Anatolia Region / Kuzeydoğu Bölgesi

Iğdır Province-Ağrı Province: "in monte Ararat [Mount Ararat] (Bayern)" (Beck, 1890: 167); "Berge Ararat (Bayern)" (Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

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Ukraine / Ucrania / Україна / Украи́н (Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea)

Chernivtsi Oblast / Чернівецька: "Bessarabien!: Chotin [Chotyn / Khotyn / Хотин] (Jelski)" (Beck, 1930: 239).

Kherson Oblast / Херсонська область: "Orobanche elatior Sutt. / Cherson [Kherson / Херсон] 12 Junii 1864. Herb. Ed. Lindemann" (P 04384979; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [two different specimens on the left hand of the sheet, the little specimen seems to correspond to O. lutea and the bigger to O. alba subsp. major]).

Lviv Oblast / Львівська область: "Верхушка цветущего растения, паразитирующего на Medicago falcata. Украина, Львовская обл. [Lviv Oblast], луговой склон на выходах известняков. 1 июня 2009 г." (photo 227217 by Андрей Ковальчук, 2014 in Plantarium, accessed Jan 2017).

Odessa Oblast / Odesa / Одеська / Одещина: "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Odessa ... Ed. Lindemann" (P 04419590, rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Ukraine / Russia

Krim / Crimea / Кры́мский полуо́стров / Кри́мський піво́стрів (Steven, 1857: 354 loc. class. of O. hians, "In Tauria [Krim / Crimea]; sed locus natalis haud accuratius indicatus"; Beck, 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev, 1958: 108, sub O. lutea, "Crim"; Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 457, "Crimea")

Sevastopol / Севастополь: "Соцветие. Крым, Байдарская долина. 30 мая 2012 г. [Inflorescence. Crimea, Bajdarsky valley [near Tylovoye]. May 30, 2012]" (photo 135809 by Павел Евсеенков, 2012; растение определил(а) Холгер Улих [Uhlich] in Plantarium, accessed Jun 2012).

Simferopol / Сімферополь / Симферополь: "Tauria! (pr. Simferopol)!" (Beck, 1890: 167); "Krim!: Neusatz bei Simferopol (Callier)" (Beck, 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

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