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ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 3 May 2021


Accepted Name:

Orobanche lutea Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215 (1816)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche lutea var. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 164, t. 3 f. 44(1) (1890) ["Var. α. typica = Orobanche lutea Baumgarten"], nom. illeg. (Art. 24.3)

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche rubens Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 307 (1822) (Mutel 1835: 348; Koch 1844: 615; Reuter 1847: 25; Grenier 1853: 635; Cariot 1854: 391; Beck 1890: 164). Syn.: Orobanche lutea var. typica f. rubens (Wallr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165, t. 3 f. 44(1) (1890); = Orobanche buekii A. Dietr., Fl. Boruss. 3: 145 t. 145 (1835) (Koch 1844: 615, sub O. rubens; Beck 1890: 165). Ind. loc.: "In collibus editioribus ad Biebram. — Extra fines ad Auleben et Sondershusam. Jul." [Thuringia, Germany / Alemania]. Herbarium Specimens: "Orobanche / rubens mea / Wallroth misit Dec. 1828" (K 000759336 - kew.org/herbcatimg/400388.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017). Ic.: Thomé, Flora von Deutschland Österreich und der Schweiz. (1885) [sub O. rubens (Kurt Stübers Online Library, accessed Feb 2006)]; O. rubens Wallr. in Tela Botanica, accessed Mar 2012. Obs. O. rubens Wallr. (1822) in Tela Botanica (accessed Oct 2006)

= Orobanche de la Luzerne cultivée Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 45, t. 2 (1827), nom. inv. [not validly published] (Mutel 1835: 348; Reuter 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Grenier 1853, 635, sub O. rubens; Cariot 1854: 391; Caruel 1885: 378, sub O. rubens). Syn.: Orobanche medicaginis Duby, Bot. Gall.: 349 (1828); Orobanche medicaginis-sativae F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830); Orobanche medicaginis F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 505 (1830); Orobanche medicaginifixa St.-Lag. in Cariot, Etud. Fl. ed. 8(2): 649 (1889), nom. illeg.; = Orobanche vulgaris var. minor Gaudin, Fl. Helv.: 177 (1828-1833). Ind. loc.: "sur les bastions de Genčve [Geneva, Switzerland], ŕ l'entrée du pont de fil-de-fer ... parasites d'autres pieds de Luzerne"

= Orobanche medicaginis Duby, Bot. Gall.: 349 (1828). Syn.: Orobanche de la Luzerne cultivée Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 45, t. 2 (1827), nom. illeg. (Schultz 1830: 508; Mutel 1835: 348; Reuter 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Grenier 1853, 635, sub O. rubens; Cariot 1854: 391; Reichenbach fil. 1862: 99, sub O. rubens; Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. rubens; Beck 1890: 164). Obs. "Medicagini sativae parasiticam reperiit cl. prof. Vaucher et nomine O. Medicaginis-sativae designat l. c. t. 2" (Duby 1828: 349)

= Orobanche medicaginis-falcatae Holandre, Fl. Moselle: 320[?] (1829) (Mutel 1835: 34)

= Orobanche medicaginis-sativae F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830) ["8. O. Medicaginis sativae Tab. II"], nom. superfl.  Syn.: Orobanche de la Luzerne cultivée Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 45, t. 2 (1827), nom. inv. (Reuter 1847: 25)

= Orobanche medicaginis F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 505 (1830) ["9. O. Medicaginis Vauch."], nom. superfl. Syn.: Orobanche de la Luzerne cultivée Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 45, t. 2 (1827), nom. inv. (Mutel 1835: 348; Steudel 1841: 231; Godron 1843: 179; Koch 1844: 615; Grenier 1853, 635, sub O. rubens)

? = Orobanche racemosa Schleich. ex Mutel, Fl. Franç. 2: 348 (1835) ["O. racemosa Schleich. ined.], nom. illeg. (Mutel 1835: 348; Steudel 1841: 231)

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= Orobanche buekii A. Dietr., Fl. Boruss. 3: 145, t. 145 (1835) (Koch 1844: 615, sub O. rubens, 619, sub O. buekiana; Reuter 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. rubens [O. Buekii A. Dietr. boruss.]; Beck 1890: 164). Syn.: = Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844 [Nov 1844]) (Reichenbach f. 1862: 99, sub O. rubens; Zázvorka 2000: 505); = Orobanche rubens var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Rchb. f., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 99, t. 186 (1862); = Orobanche hians Steven in Bull. Soc. Imp. Natur. Moscou 30(1): 354 (1857) (Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 457); = Orobanche linczevskyi Novopokr. in Novopokr. in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 327 (1950) (Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 457); = Orobanche lutea var. typica f. rubens (Wallr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) (Beck 1890: 165); – Orobanche elatior sensu A. Dietr., Fl. Boruss. 3: 148, t. 148 (1835), non Orobanche elatior Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 178, t. 17 (1798) (Koch 1844: 619; Beck 1890: 166). Ind. loc.: "Wächst auf Anhöhen des Oderufers bei Frankfurt an der Oder [Frankfurt an der Oder / Frankfurt (Oder), Brandenburg, Germany] in Lehmboden und findet sich einzeln auf Medicago falcata. Von dem um die vaterländische Flora so hoch verdienten Herrn Apotheker Buek in Frankfurt an der Oder entdeckt, der mir lebende Exemplare davon übersendete und dem zu Ehren ich sie benannt habe. Blüht im Mai und Juni" (Dietrich 1835: 145, t. 145)

? = Orobanche avellanae Pfund, Flora 26(1): 183 (1843) (Nyman 1865: 131; Beck 1890: 166). Syn.: = Orobanche rubens var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Rchb. fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 99 t. 186 (1862) (Beck 1930: 241). Ind. loc.: "In Bohemiâ [Bohemia / Čechy] prope Pragam [Prague / Praha, Czech Republic], in radicibus Coryli Avellanae [Corylus avellana L.] parasitica" (Reuter 1847: 24; Nyman 1865: 131)

= Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844 [Nov 1844]) (Koch 1844: 619; Reichenbach f. 1862: 99, sub O. rubens; Zázvorka 2000: 505). Syn.: Orobanche elatior sensu A. Dietr., Fl. Boruss. 3: 148, t. 148 (1835), non Orobanche elatior Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 178, t. 17 (1798) (Koch 1844: 619; Reuter 1847: 30; Beck 1890: 166); Orobanche rubens var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Rchb. f., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 99, t. 186 (1862); = Orobanche hians Steven in Bull. Soc. Imp. Natur. Moscou 30(1): 354 (1857) (Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 457); = Orobanche linczevskyi Novopokr. in Novopokr. in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 327 (1950) (Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 457). Ind. loc.: "In Iocis incultis in Medicagine sativa parasitica, (in der Neumark bei Frankfurt a. d. O. [Francofortum ad Viadrum / Frankfurt (Oder), Brandenburg, Germany], auf dem Berge Lüssow, Apoth. Buek.)" (Koch 1844: 619); "In Lehmboden schmarotzend auf Medicago sativa... in der Neumark bei Frankfurt an der Oder am Lossowschen Berge ... Buek Sachsen: um Halle bei Bibra" (Dietrich 1835: 148, t. 148); "In locis incultis super Medicagine sativâ parasitica, circa Francofurtum ad Viadrum (Reuter 1847: 30); "Francofurti ad Viadr. in monte Lussow Buek! (decem possideo typos.)" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 99, sub O. rubens). Ic.: Beck 1890: t. 3 f. 44(2). Obs. "occasionally occur throughout the entire range of O. lutea and, evidently, represent atypical or hybrid forms" (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 89[84], O. lutea var. buekiana), "The reasons for such a disjunct occurrence is so far not known" (Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 457). Herbarium Specimen: Typus: 1. "4. Orobanche elatior / collegi pr. Francofurt. ad / Viadr. / J.N. Buek / 1843". – 2. "... Orobanche elatior ... / por Buek et l'Orobanche buekiana Koch / ... p. 389". – 3. "Orobanche buekiana Koch! / en Reuter ! (1851)". – 4. "les exemplaires del'Orobanche Buekiana récoltés pour Buek ... O. rubens var. pallens, et non la plante de Koch. / ... p. 168" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04392726 - P 04392726.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/465190271; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011)

= Orobanche fragrantissima Bertol., Fl. Ital. 6: 436 (1846) (Reichenbach f. 1862: 99, sub O. rubens; Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. fragrantissima). Ind. loc.: "Legi in collibus Bononiensibus de S. Michele in bosco, di Castiglionee, di Barbiano, Padermo, Sabbione, Casalecchio, ubi copiosa, et constanter parasitica supra Medicaginem falcatam L. Habui ex Pedemontio in pratis collinis ad Albam Pempejam a Bertero, ex agro Veronensi a Bussolengo supra Trifolium pratense L., Medicaginem sativam L., et Lotum corniculatum L. a Tommasinio, et a Biasoletto, ex agro Patavino ab Eq. Trevisano. Floret Majo". Herbarium Specimen: "Orobanche fragrantissima Bert., Fl. Ital. 6 / p. 436. n. 13 / supra radices Medicaginis falcata L. / Bononia in monte Paderno" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419598 - P 04419598.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/465010861; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011)

= Phelypaea rubenti × arenaria Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 6 (1847). Syn.: Phelypaea arenaria var. rubenti-arenaria (Reut.) Gren. in Gren. & Godr., Fl. France: 625 (1853); Orobanche lutea var. typica f. concreta Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890) (Beck 1890: 166). Ind. loc.: "Ad radices Medicaginis prope Lugdunum [Lyon, Rhône-Alpes, France / Francia] (Al. Jordan!)" (Reuter 1847: 6); "Frankreich: bei Lyon (Jordan)" (Beck 1930: 241). Obs. "Planta valde singularis inter Phelipaeam arenariam et Orobanchem rubentem certe hybrida! ... O. rubentis facie et magnitudine similis ... (v. in h. Jordan)" (Reuter 1847: 6-7); "dépourvu de bractées latérales" (Grenier 1853: 625)

= Orobanche hians Steven in Bull. Soc. Imp. Natur. Moscou 30(1): 354 (1857) (Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 456-457; Zázvorka 2000: 505; Czerepanov 2007: 331; Tzvelev 2015: 203-204). Syn.: = Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844) (Tzvelev 2015: 204, sub O. hians). Ind. loc.: "In Tauria [Krim / Crimea]; sed locus natalis haud accuratius indicatus; eandem ad ostia Hypanis [Kuban River] circa Taman [Тамань, Temryuksky District, Krasnodar Krai, Russia] legi, atque ex Iberia a Wilhelmsio habeo". Herbarium specimens: "Typus: ŤTauria, leg. Stevenť (H)" (Tzvelev 2015: 204, sub O. hians). Obs. "Очень близок к предыдущему виду, имеет тe же самые питающие растения (Medicago falcata и M. sativa)" (Tzvelev 2015: 204, sub O. hians)

= Orobanche medicaginifixa St.-Lag. in Cariot, Etud. Fl. ed. 8(2): 649 (1889), nom. illeg. Syn.: Orobanche medicaginis Duby, Bot. Gall.: 349 (1828)

= Orobanche pedunculata Borbás ex Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890), pro syn.

= Orobanche prosgolica Formánek in Verh. Naturf. Ver. Brünn. 33: 52 (1895) (Zázvorka 2000: 505). Ind. loc.: "Epirus [Greece]: auf dem Berge Prosgoli [near Méga Peristérion, municipality of Metsovo] in. 1000 m Seehöhe (Formanek als O. prosgolica!)"

= Orobanche concreta (Beck) in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 166 (1909). Syn.: Phelypaea rubenti × arenaria Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 6 (1847); Orobanche lutea var. typica f. concreta Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890); Orobanche lutea var. concreta (Beck) P. Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 799 (1937)

= Orobanche linczevskyi Novopokr. in Novopokr. in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 13: 327 (1950) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 89[84]; Tzvelev, 1981[2001]: 456-457; Czerepanov 1981; Zázvorka 2000: 505; Czerepanov 2007: 331; Tzvelev 2015: 204, sub O. hians). Syn.: = Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844 [Nov 1844]) (Tzvelev 2015: 204, sub O. hians); = Orobanche rubens var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Rchb. f., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 99, t. 186 (1862) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 89[84]). Ind. loc.: "Described from southern Tadzhiskistan [Tajikistan / Таджикистан]. Type in Leningrad". Obs. "Observed on Medicago sativa L. ... doubtful species" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 89[84])

? = Orobanche armena Tzvelev in Komarorov, Fl. SSSR 23 [Addenda 22]: 686 [99] (1958) [ipni.org/n/662130-1]. Ind. loc.: "Described from Turkey [Kars], close to its border with Armenia (Kagyzman, along Kagyzman - Darasu gully close to Araks, 18.VI.1886, V. Massalskii). Type in Leningrad (LE)" (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 105[99], loc. class. of O. armena Tzvelev). Herbarium Specimens: 1. "Princeps W. Massalsky: ... / Kalysman // Orob. major L. var. Beck [m. Beck]". – 2. "I. Novopokrovsky. Notae criticae / An potius / Orobanche lutea Baumg.? / 1949.19.II". – 3. "Orobanche armena Tzvelev, sp. nova / Typus! / 1955.III.3 Teste: Tzvelev" (http://re.herbariumle.ru/01013851 - LE 01013851)

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= Orobanche vulgaris var. minor Gaudin, Fl. Helv.: 177 (1828-1833) ["? β. minor, ... Cf. Oro. de la Lucerne cultivée Vauch., Monogr. p. 45, tab. 2 "]. Ind. loc.: "β in prioris consortio, sed multo rarior. Eam in Medicagine sativa observavit Cl. Vaucher". Obs. "concoloribus (citrinis). Cf. Oro. de la Lucerne cultivée Vauch., Monogr. p. 45, tab. 2"

Orobanche minor var. glaberrima Gaudin, Fl. Helv.: 178 (1828-1833) ["? γ. glaberrima.— Or. minor Wallr., Sched. 311. Or. racemosa Schle. exs."] (Mutel 1835: 348; Steudel 1841: 231). Syn.: = Orobanche minor Wallr., Sched. Criti.: 311 (1822) (Mutel 1835: 348); = Orobanche racemosa Schleich. ex Mutel, Fl. Franç. 2: 348 (1835)  (Mutel 1835: 348); – Orobanche medicaginis sensu Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 41, t. 684 f. 919 (1829), non Orobanche medicaginis Duby, Bot. Gall.: 349 (1828). Ind. loc.: "Plantam γ in muro vetusto ad viam regiam prope Viviscum olim legi ["Habitat in muris arcis Genevensis [Genčve / Genčve, Switzerland] ... Vaucher; in muro vetusto ad viam regiam prope Viviscum Gaudin"]". Obs. This variety seems to correspond to Orobanche hederae Duby, Bot. Gall.: 350 (1828)

= Orobanche medicaginis var. rubens (Wallr.) Mutel, Fl. Franç. 2: 348 t. 42 f. 309 (1835) ["= b. rubens Mutel. t. 42 f. 309. O. rubens Wallr. ... sur les Luzernes cultivées et en faux"], nom. illeg. Ind. loc. "var. b, sur les Luzernes cultivées et en faux, sommet de la côte de Saint-Quentin et de Gorze prčs Metz (Holl.); contrées du Rhin; Palatinat"

Phelypaea arenaria var. rubenti-arenaria (Reut.) Gren. in Gren. & Godr., Fl. France: 625 (1853) [? β. rubenti-arenaria Reut. l.c."]. Syn.: Phelypaea rubenti × arenaria Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 6 (1847); Orobanche lutea var. typica f. concreta Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890) (Beck 1890: 166)

= Orobanche rubens var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Rchb. f., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 99, t. 186 (1862) ["b. Buekiana Rchb. fil."]. Syn.: Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844); Orobanche lutea var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166, t. 3 f. 44(2) (1890); = Orobanche avellanae Pfund, Flora 26(1): 183 (1843). Ind. loc.: Frankfurt on Oder [Frankfurt (Oder), Brandenburg, Germany], leg. Buek. Obs. see Orobanche elatior Sutton (Zázvorka 2010: 84)

= Orobanche rubens var. pallens A. Braun ap. Solms in Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenburg 5: 57 (1863). Syn.: Orobanche rubens f. pallens (A. Braun) Asch. & Graeb., Fl. Nordostd. Flachl: 654 (1899) ["pro var. fide autorum" (Beck 1890: 166)]

= Orobanche lutea var. podantha Borbás, Geogr. atq. Enum. pl. Comit. Castrif.: 231 (1887). Syn.: Orobanche lutea var. typica f. podantha (Borbás) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890)

= Orobanche lutea var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166, t. 3 f. 44(2) (1890) ["β. (Orobanche) Buekiana Koch"] (Zázvorka 2000: 505), nom. superfl. Syn.: Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844)

= Orobanche lutea var. concreta (Beck) P. Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 799 (1937). Syn.: Phelypaea rubenti × arenaria Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 6 (1847); Orobanche concreta (Beck) in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 166 (1909)

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= Orobanche rubens f. citrina Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 126 (1882). Syn.: = Orobanche lutea var. typica f. lutea Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890)

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. rubens (Wallr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165, t. 3 f. 44(1) (1890) ["Formas ... 1. (Orobanche) rubens Wallroth"]. Syn.: Orobanche rubens Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 307 (1822)

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. collecta Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) ["Formas ... 2. (Orobanche) collecta"]. Syn.: = Orobanche rubens f. condensata Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 126 (1882)

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. porphyrea Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) ["Formas ... 3. (Orobanche) porphyrea"]. Syn.: = Orobanche rubens f. purpurascens Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 126 (1882)

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. lilacea Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) ["Formas ... 4. (Orobanche) lilacea"]. Ind. loc.: "Semel observavi in monte Leopoldsberg Austria inferioris [Lower Austria / Niederösterreich]." (Beck 1930: 241)

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. lutea Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) ["Formas ... 5. (Orobanche) lutea"]. Syn.: = Orobanche rubens f. citrina Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 126 (1882)

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. hypoleuca Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) ["Formas ... 6. (Orobanche) hypoleuca"]. Ind. loc.: "Dobrudscha [Dobruja / Dobrudja / Добруджа / Dobrudzha / Dobrogea, Bulgaria-Romania] leg. Sintenis"

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. lopholepis Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) ["Formas ... 7. (Orobanche) lopholepis"]

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. concreta Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890) ["Formas ... 8. (Orobanche) concreta"]. Syn.: Phelypaea rubenti × arenaria Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 6 (1847); Orobanche concreta (Beck) in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 166 (1909); Orobanche lutea var. concreta (Beck) P. Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 799 (1937) (Beck 1890: 166)

= Orobanche lutea var. typica f. podantha (Borbás) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890) ["Formas ... 9. (Orobanche) podantha Borbás"]. Syn.: Orobanche lutea var. podantha Borbás, Geogr. atq. Enum. pl. Comit. Castrif.: 231 (1887); = Orobanche lutea f. ramulosa Beck ex Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890), pro syn. (Beck 1890: 166; Beck 1930: 241)

= Orobanche lutea f. ramulosa Beck ex Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 166 (1890) ["in Sched. multo prius.— Valet in Jahrb. f. vaterl. Naturk. Württ. (1876) p. 16."], pro syn.

= Orobanche rubens f. citrina Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 126 (1882)

= Orobanche rubens f. condensata Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 125 (1882)

= Orobanche rubens f. purpurascens Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 126 (1882)

= Orobanche rubens f. pallens (A. Braun) Asch. & Graeb., Fl. Nordostd. Flachl: 654 (1899) ["pro var. fide autorum" (Beck 1890: 166)]. Syn.: Orobanche rubens var. pallens A. Braun ap. Solms in Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenburg 5: 57 (1863); = Orobanche buekii A. Dietr., Fl. Boruss. 3: 145 t. 145 (1835); = Orobanche buekiana sensu Asch., Fl. Brand. 1: 498 (1864), non Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844 [Nov 1844]); = Orobanche rubens f. citrina Beck in Halácsy & Braun, Nachtr. Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 126 (1882); = Orobanche lutea var. typica f. lutea (Baumg.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 165 (1890) (Beck 1890: 166)

= Orobanche lutea f. evanida Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 36 (1922). Ind. loc.: "Bosnia: prope Petrovae [Petrovac / Petrovac na Moru / Петровац на / Castellastua, Budva, Montenegro] m. Junio 1892 (G. Beck)"

= Orobanche lutea f. liburnica Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 36 (1922). Syn.: Orobanche rubens var. buekiana f. liburnica Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 241 (1930). Ind. loc.: "Croatia litoralis: Rijavica ad Senj [Attienities / Senia / Segnia / Zeng / Zengg / Segna, Lika-Senj, Croatia] 1911 (leg. F. Dobiasch in herb. Degen)"

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Misapplied names:

– Orobanche caryophyllacea auct., non Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 169 (1798) (Steudel 1841: 231)

– Orobanche elatior sensu W.D.J. Koch & Ziz, Cat. Pl.: 12 (1814), non Orobanche elatior Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 178, t. 17 (1798) (Schultz 1830: 493, 503 "auf Medic. sativa, media und falcata"; Mutel 1835: 348; Koch 1844: 615, sub O. rubens; Reuter 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. rubens [O. elatior K. et Z.]; Beck 1890: 164; Pusch & Günther 2009: 69)

– Orobanche elatior sensu Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 37, t. 669 f. 901, t. 670 f. 902 (1829) [p.p.], non Orobanche elatior Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 178, t. 17 (1798) (Reichenbach 1829: 37; Schultz 1830: 505 "(O. elatior Beitrag Reichb. Fl. Germ. exsicc. Nr. 63) auf Medicago sativa"; Reichenbach 1831-1832; Koch 1849: 665, sub O. rubens; Reichenbach fil. 1862: 99, sub O. rubens; Caruel 1885: 378, sub O. rubens; Boissier 1879: 511, sub O. rubens; Beck 1890: 164). Ind. loc.: "901. et DCLXX. 902. legi in valle Plauensi FI. Dresdensis [Dresde, Saxony, Germany], altera memorabilis ob гаmum lateralem. Junio floruit in Medicagine sativa et falcata sub Pruno spinosa". Herbarium Specimens:  "63. Orobanche elatior, Sutt. / Rchb. pl. crit. VII. ic. 899. 900. / Auf Brachäckern bei München am 1. Juli ges. v. Spitzel. / * O. rubens Wallr. auf Wurzeln von Trifol. flexuosum am / Kalkfelsen der Webelsburg in Thüringen: Wallroth." (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419595 - P 04419595.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/464936620;; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "63. Orobanche elatior Sutt. / Rchb. p. crit. VII. ic. 899. 900. / Auf Brachäckern bei München [Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern] am 1 Juli ges. v. Spitzel. / O. rubens Wallr. Auf Wurzeln von Trifol. flexuosum am / Kalkfesen der Webelsburg [Wewelsburg, North Rhine-Westphalia] in Thüringen: Wallroth." (K 000806999 - kew.org/herbcatimg/400473.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg. (Schultz 1829: 8; Reichenbach, 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior (O. lutea, O. rubens)]); idem (P 04384979; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg. (Schultz 1829: 8; Reichenbach 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior (O. lutea, O. rubens)]); idem (P 04384980; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg.)

– Orobanche elatior sensu A. Dietr., Fl. Boruss. 3: 148, t. 148 (1835), non Orobanche elatior Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 178, t. 17 (1798) (Koch 1844: 619; Nyman 1865: 132; Beck 1890: 166). Syn.: Orobanche buekiana W.D.J. Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 619 (1844 [Nov 1844]); = Orobanche rubens Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 307 (1822). Ind. loc.: "In Lehmboden schmarotzend auf Medicago sativa... in der Neumark bei Frankfurt an der Oder am Lossowschen Berge ... Buek Sachsen: um Halle bei Bibra" (Dietrich 1835: 148, t. 148)

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Ind. loc.: "In pratis montosis siccioribusque ubique. Jun. [Transylvania, Romania / Rumania]" (Baumgarten 1816: 215)..

Typus / Type: "Described from Rumania (W)" (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 88[84]).

Designated by:

Host: only on Labiatae (Fabaceae) species, usually on Medicago sp. (Medicago falcata L. and M sativa L. [e.g., Reichenbach 1829: 37; Schultz 1840: 127; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009; Piwowarczyk & Krajewski 2014], more rarely on other host-plants.

Comments:

Taxonomic observation: Orobanche lutea Baumg., nom. illeg. (Tela Botanica, accessed Oct 2006).

Phylogenetic observations: Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 61 f. 4 ["Phylogenetic relationships"], 64 (2005); Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 13 f. 2 [phylogenetic relationships] (2008).

Chromosomatic number: n = 19 (Schneeweiss & al. 2004); 2n = 38 (Chater & Webb 1972: 292; Weber 1976; Foley 2001: 71).

Ic.: a, Vaucher 1827: 45, t. 2 (sub Orobanche de la Luzerne cultivée); b, Typus: "4. Orobanche elatior / collegi pr. Francofurt. ad / Viadr. / J.N. Buek / 1843" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04392726 - P 04392726.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/465190271); c, Thomé 1885: t. 539, sub O. rubens; d, Dietrich 1835: t. 145 (sub O. buekii); e, Dietrich 1835: t. 148 (sub O. elatior); f, Beck 1890: t. 3 f. 44(1); g, herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12594 (Maucoil, Bouches-du-Rhône, France); h, flower (ib.); i, BIO 29894 (Gottschlich 33155); j, flower BIO 29894 (Gottschlich 33155); k, O. lutea (Central Saale Valley, Thuringia, Germany) by Bernd Liebermann (accessed Jun 2012); l, O. lutea in Botany.cz, accessed Jun 2012; m, O. lutea in Plantarium (accessed Jun 2012).

Distribution: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Kazakhstan [unconfirmed], Krim, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain [in error], Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Ukraine.

Distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010); France distribution (Tela Botanica, accessed Jun 2012).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Albania / Shqipëri / Shqipëria / Shqipnia / Albanie / Albanien (Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea)

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Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien / Arménie / Әрмәнстан / Армения (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 88[83], "Caucasus [Caucasus / Caucas / Cáucaso]: all regions", sub O. lutea; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, "Armenia", sub O. lutea; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 55-58 f. 38, sub O. lutea)

Aragatsotn Province (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 55-58 f. 38, sub O. lutea)

Ararat Province (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 55-58 f. 38, sub O. lutea)

Gegharkunik Province (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 55-58 f. 38, sub O. lutea)

Kotayk Province (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 55-58 f. 38, sub O. lutea)

Lori Province (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 55-58 f. 38, sub O. lutea)

Shirak Province (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 55-58 f. 38, sub O. lutea)

Syunik Province (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 55-58 f. 38, sub O. lutea)

Tavush Province (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 55-58 f. 38, sub O. lutea)

Vayots Dzor Province (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 55-58 f. 38, sub O. lutea): "ARMENIA 2009 / Orobanche / Orobanchaceae / Armenia, Vayots' Dzor province, area c. 13 km E of Vayk, near / Artavan, c. 1.5 km SW from village, dry slope above rocks; / 1970 m s.m.; 39°39'07"N/45°36'17"E / 2009-06-18 M. Oganesian, H. Ter-Voskanyan, K. Kugler & E. Vitek / 09-1405 / flowers brownish / dry slope / dupla in ERE, W, NY / det.: field det. / Duplum ex Herb. W [W 0030458] / Naturhistorisches Museum Wien" (NY 2763501; det. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016).

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Austria / Österreich / Autriche (Hausmann 1852: 649, sub O. rubens; Reichenbach f. 1862: 99, "littorali austriaco", sub O. rubens; Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. rubens; Beck 1890: 167, "Austria [Austrian Empire]! (ex Galicia, Bohemia, Moravia, Austria inf. et sup., Salisburgia, Stiria, Carniolia, Tirolia, Istria, Dalmatia)"; Beck 1930: 238, 242, sub var. buekiana; Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Kreutz 1995: 119, sub O. lutea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 71, sub O. lutea)

Salzburg: "Salisburgia" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Styria: "Stiria: In monte Plabutsch prope Graz (Pittoni)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub var. buekiana); "Steiermark: Plabutsch bei Graz!" (Beck 1930: 242, sub var. buekiana).

Tyrol / Tirol: "Trockene Triften bis an die Voralpen, auf Medicago falcata Innsbruck: am Sonnenburger Schlossber [Schloßberg] (Hfl.). Kitzbüchl [Kitzbühel]: bei Birchnern (Unger!)" (Hausmann 1852: 649, sub O. rubens); "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Tirolia central. Sonnenburger Hügel inter / Penispontem et Schoenberg in Medicago falcata / leg. Dr. A. Kerner" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04446051 - P 04446051.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/465190699; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Wien / Vienna / Viena: "bei Wien: Schnitzlein" (Reichenbach 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior [O. lutea, O. rubens]); "Semel observavi in monte Leopoldsberg Austria inferioris [Lower Austria / Niederösterreich]." (Beck 1890: 165, loc. class. of O. lutea var. typica f. lilacea; Beck 1930: 241, sub f. lilacea); "O. Buekianam ... Austria inf.: Leopoldsberg pr. Vindabonam" (Beck 1890: 167, sub var. buekiana); "Österreich: Leopoldsberg bei Wien!" (Beck 1930: 242, sub var. buekiana).

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaďdjan [former Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic [Azerbaijan SSR] / Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика [Азербайджанская CCP] (Karjagin 1957; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 88[83], sub O. lutea, "Caucasus [Caucasus / Caucas / Cáucaso]: all regions")

"Jelisawetpol [Elisabethpol / Elizavetpol / Jelisawetpol / Ganja / Kirovabad] (Kolenati), Marienfeld et Helendorf [Goygol / Shakashen / Xanlar / Chanlar / Elenendorf / Khanlar / Kol-Yelendorf / Yelenendorf] (Hohenacker), Boržom (Raddi), Roschki" (Beck, 1890: 167); "Jelisawetpol (Kolenati), Marienfeld et Helendorf (Hohenacker, K. Koch als O. caryophyllacea in Herb. Berlin!), Boržom (Radde), Roschki" (Beck 1930: 239).

Nagorno-Karabakh Republic / Republic of Artsakh / Республика Арцах / Нагорно-Карабахская Республика (former Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast / Нагорно-Карабахская автономная область) (Karjagin 1957)

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Belarus / Bielorrusia / Belarús / Biélorussie / Bélarus / Weißrussland / Белоруссия (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 88[83], sub O. lutea; Uhlich & Rätzel 2020, sub O. lutea Baumg.)

Vitebsk Region / Віцебская вобласць / Витебская область: "Belarus: [label translated into English] Vitebsk region and district, railway territory, station Lëtsy c. 2 km toward Vitebsk, right side, c. 300 m from bridge over Uzhniza river (direction Vitebsk), 140 m, steppic grassy meadow in strip separated by railway, more than 40 plants in 200 × 5 m area, 17 Jul 1999, Dschus [Dzhus] 1174 (LE, with fragments of presumed host Medicago falcata L., conf. Uhlich Feb 2020). – New for Belarus. Not mentioned in Uhlich & al. (1995), Tretyakov & Dzhus (1999), Domina & Raab-Straube (2010+) and Sánchez Pedraja & al. (2016+)" (Uhlich & Rätzel 2020, sub O. lutea Baumg.).

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Belgique / Belgium / België / Bélgica (Chater & Webb 1972: 292, "?Be", sub O. lutea)

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Bosnia and Herzegovina / Bosnia y Herzegovina / Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea)

"Bosnia!: Zenica, Travnik (Sendtner), Sarajevo, Igman (ipse); Hercegovina!: Trebinje (leg. Pantocsek)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

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Bulgaria / България / Bulgarie / Bulgarien (Beck 1890: 165, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 238, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea)

"Dobrudscha [Dobruja / Dobrudja / Добруджа / Dobrudzha / Dobrogea, Bulgaria-Romania] leg. Sintenis" (Beck 1890: 165, loc. class. of O. lutea var. typica f. hypoleuca).

Loveč / Lovech: "Loveč [Ловеч] (Urumoff)" (Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

Sofia-Capital: "Bulgarien!: um Sofia [Cофия / Sofie] (Tošer)" (Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

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Caucasus / Cáucaso (Steven 1857: 354, terra class. of O. hians; Boissier 1879: 511, sub O. rubens; Grossheim 1949: 355; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 88[83], "Caucasus: all regions", sub O. lutea).

Ciscaucasia / North Caucasus (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russia [North Caucasus economic region])

Transcaucasia / South Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia)

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Croatia / Hrvatska Croacia / Kroatien / Croatie (Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. rubens; Boissier 1879: 511, sub O. rubens; Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea, "Croatia"; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea)

Primorje-Gorski kotar County / Primorsko-goranska županija: "139. Orobanche elatior Sutt. / Rchb. Flora germ. excurs. N. 2418. / Fiume [Rijeka], auf Medicago sativaDr. Noë." (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419595 - P 04419595.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/464936620; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... e in val Draga [an area of the city of Rijeka] presso Fiume [Rijeka] (A.M. Smith!)" (Caruel 1885: 378, sub O. rubens); "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Fiume [Rijeka] ... auf Medicago sativa / 1843 Noë" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419607 - P 04419607.jpg - hb. Steudel - gbif.org/occurrence/465220535; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Reichenbach (Noë), Exsicc. nr. 139 (sub O. elatior)" (Beck 1890: 167); "n.ş 18452 ... Zwischen Pazin und Opatija (Kroatien, Istrien) ... 19. Mai 1997" (BIO 29894 - G. Gottschlich 33155; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Kroatien / Croatia Učka [Monte Maggiore, Istria] 28.6.10" (O. lutea in guenther-blaich.de, accessed Jun 2012).

 Lika-Senj: "Croatia litoralis: Rijavica ad Senj [Attienities / Senia / Segnia / Zeng / Zengg / Segna] 1911 (leg. F. Dobiasch in herb. Degen)" (Beck 1922: 36, loc. class. of O. lutea f. liburnica; Beck 1930: 242).

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Czech Republic / República Checa / Česká republika / Tschechischen Republik (Beck 1890: 167, "Austria [Austrian Empire]! (ex ... Bohemia, Moravia...); Beck 1930: 238, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Kreutz 1995: 119, sub O. lutea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 71, sub O. lutea; Zázvorka 2000: 505-507, 503 t. 81 f. 4, 4a, sub O. lutea; Kaplan & al. 2019: 323-324, f. 64, sub O. lutea)

Bohemia / Čechy / Czechy / Bohęme / Bohemia: "In Bohemiâ [Bohemia / Čechy] prope Pragam [Prague / Praha, Czech Republic / Česká republika], in radicibus Coryli Avellanae [Corylus avellana L.] parasitica" (Reuter 1847: 24, sub O. avellanae Pfund (Beck 1890: 166); = O. rubens var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Rchb. (Beck 1930: 241)); "Austr. (Böhemen)" (Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. Avellanae); "Bohemia" (Beck 1890: 167).

Central Bohemian / Středočeský: "In Bohemiâ [Bohemia / Čechy] prope Pragam [Prague / Praha, Czech Republic / Česká republika], in radicibus Coryli Avellanae [Corylus avellana L.] parasitica" (Reuter 1847: 24, loc. class. of O. avellanae Pfund (Beck 1890: 166); = O. rubens var. buekiana (W.D.J. Koch) Rchb. (Beck 1930: 241)); "Austr. (Böhemen)" (Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. Avellanae).

South Moravian / Jihomoravský

Hodonín: 1363. Moravia merid.-orient.: Strážnice 5. VI. 1948 Leg. J. Podpěra et socii (P 04406119; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); Suchovske, Bílé Karpaty [White Carpathians, Slovak-Moravian Carpathians] (CZ), 28-5-1994" (Kreutz 1995: 119!, sub O. lutea).

Ústí nad Labem / Ústecký / Aussig: "Orobanche medicaginis Dub. / Böhemen: Mittelgebirge / 8. Juni 1876. Leg. Lodny / Auf Medicago falcata L." (CLF 209748; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2017); "Dr. C. Baenitz, herbarium Europaeum. N.ş / Orobanche medicaginis Schultz / Böhemen: An Lobosch bei Lobositz [Lovosice] / 5.6.84 / Leg. Lodny" (CLF 209746; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2017); "Fotografováno ve dnech 16. 6. 2004, 19. 6. 2006, 7. 6. 2007 a 6. 6. 2008 (Mukoděly) a 27.6.2006 (Nečemice)" (O. lutea in botany.cz, accessed Jun 2012).

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France / Francia / Frankreich (Reuter 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Grenier 1853: 635, sub O. rubens; Boissier 1879: 511, sub O. rubens; Saint-Lager 1883: 610, sub O. rubens; Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 238, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 71, sub O. lutea; France distribution in Tela Botanica, accessed Jun 2012)

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes [Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes]

Drôme (26): "Ch. d'Alleizette / Orobanche rubens Wallr. / parasite sur le Medicago sativa / Drôme: Buis dei Baronias [Buis-les-Baronnies], champs / 4.VII.1911" (CLF 170281; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2017).

Isčre: "Société dauphinoise, 1883. / N.ş 3836 Orobanche rubens Wallr. Orob. / ... (1825), 46 ... / ... Or. Medicaginis / Duby ... / Le Rondeau, prčs Grenoble (Isčre): praires. / Mai-juin 1882.  Arvet-T., / abb. Chaboisseau, abb. Faure, abb. Guétal." (P 04419599 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (P 04393957; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (P 04441476 - herb. J. Arčnes; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Rhône: 1. "Orobanche rubens Wallr. ex Reuter 1851". – 2. "Orobanche Medicaginis Dub. / Sur le Medicago falcata / Lyon / Timeroy / 1840" (P 04419074; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Ad radices Medicaginis prope Lugdunum [Lyon] (Al. Jordan!)" (Reuter 1847: 6, loc. class. of Phelypaea rubenti × arenaria [= O. lutea var. typica f. concreta (Beck 1890: 166)]; "Lyon" (Grenier 1853, 625, sub Phelypaea arenaria var. rubenti-arenaria (Reut.) Gren.); "Gallia tota! (... Lyon ...)" (Beck 1890: 167); "4528.— Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Rhône: Grigny, coteaux, bords des chemins, sur Medicago sativa. / 10 mai 1923.  Thiébaut" (P 03810682; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (P 00598714 - herb. Rotereau; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (P 04432496; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Frankreich: bei Lyon (Jordan)" (Beck 1930: 241, sub O. lutea).

Savoie: "Nş 58749 / Orobanche / rubens Wallr. / 3 auot 1967 / Pralognan (Savoie) sur le Plateau du Bochor [Plateau du Mont Bochor, Pralognan-la-Vanoise] / alt. 2000 m / Leg. B. de Retz" (P 04411791 - herb. Bernard de Retz; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Centre-Val de Loire

Loiret: "Gallia tota! (... Orleans ...)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Grand Est / Great East / Großer Osten [Alsace / Elsass / Elsaß / Alsacia-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine / Lothringen / Louréne / Lorena]

Bas-Rhin: "var. b,  sur les Luzernes cultivées et en faux ... contrées du Rhin" (Mutel 1835: 348, sub O. medicaginis var. rubens); 1. "Fossés de la Citadelle de Strasbourg / Mai 1869". – 2. "Orobanche / rubens Wallr. ... / Parasite sur les racines de Medicago falcata et / sativa" (P 04419071 - herb. M. Silbermann; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Strassburg" (Beck 1890: 167).

Meuse: "Herbier P. Bickart / Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Ugny (Meuse) [Ugny-sur-Meuse] / Lg. Breton   Juin 1905 (P 04419075 - herb. P. Bickart; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Meurthe-et-Moselle: "Nancy (au-dessus de Champigneules, Pompey: Suard)" (Godron 1843: 179, sub O. medicaginis Vaucher ex F.W. Schultz).

Moselle: "Metz (côtes de St.-Quentin et de Gorze: Holandre)" (Godron 1843: 179, sub O. medicaginis Vaucher ex F.W. Schultz); "var. b, sur les Luzernes cultivées et en faux, sommet de la côte de Saint-Quentin et de Gorze prčs Metz (Holl.)" (Mutel 1835: 348, sub O. medicaginis var. rubens).

Nouvelle-Aquitaine [Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes]

Charente-Maritime: "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / ... / Prairies du fort de la Prée, dans l' Île de Ré / (Des Moulins). / Des Moulins / misit Julio 1835" (K 000807000 - hb J. Gay; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2017); "Gallia tota! (Ile de Ré...)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Lot-et-Garonne (47): "Herbier de Ch. d'Alleizette / Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Lot-&-Garonne - Route Fayum ŕ Villeneuve S/Lot [Villeneuve-sur-Lot] / dans un cham - Sur Medicags / Juillet 1911" (CLF 170280; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2017).

Occitanie / Occitŕnia [Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées]

Gard: "Hab., parasite, sur le medicago sativa et le M. falcata, ŕ Cernach, Vallabrčgues" (Pouzolz 1862: 149, sub O. rubens) [James Molina, pers. comm., 28 Aug 2017].

Hérault: "F Sčte 5.6.09" (O. lutea in http://www.guenther-blaich.de, accessed Jun 2012 [these records seem to correspond to O. kochii]).

Pyrénées-Orientales [unconfirmed]: "champs de luzerne de la Salanque [Saint-Laurent-de-la-Salanque / Sant Llorenç de la Salanca] et du Riveral, les environs de Vernet-les-Bains [Vernet], Vinça, Baixas et Cases-de-Pena [Cases-de-Pčne / Les Cases de Pena]; les champs prés Prats-de-Molló [Prats-de-Mollo-la-Preste / Prats de Molló i la Presta] oů vit le Medicago falcata" (Companyo 1864: 515, sub O. rubens); Prat de Molló [Prats-de-Mollo-la-Preste / Prats de Molló i la Presta] (Vayreda 1880).

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Bouches-du-Rhône: "Gallia tota! (... Marseille)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea) [unconfirmed, vide O. kochii]; Camargue [unconfirmed, probably always in error for others yellowish species of this genus such as O. kochii or O. minor (H. Michaud & D. Pavon, pers. comm., 4 Jul 2012)].

Vaucluse: "Ile de la Barthelasse [James Molina, pers. comm., 28 Aug 2017] prčs Avignon / O. medicaginis / Frčre Telesphose [James Molina, pers. comm., 28 Aug 2017]" (P 04419069; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); Départ. du Vaucluse, D72 between Orange and Châteauneuf-du-Pape (near Maucoil), apparently parasitizing Medicago sativa L. (Leguminosae), G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0122, 2 Jun 2006 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12594).

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Georgia / Sakartvelo / Georgien / Géorgie / Грузия (former Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic [Georgian SSR] / Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика [Грузинская ССР]) (Steven 1857: 354, "atque ex Iberia a Wilhelmsio habeo.", loc. class. of O. hians; Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 108[83-84], sub O. lutea, "Caucasus [Caucasus / Caucas / Cáucaso]: all regions"; Carlón & al. 2005: 64, sub O. lutea)

Mtskheta-Mtianeti / Мцхета-Мтианети: "Between two small lakes near confluence of Amali and Terek Rivers Mtskheta-Mtianeti [42°43'20.8"N 44°37'28.0"E]" 17 Jun 2019 (inaturalist.org/observations/33274402 by Sam Thomas in iNaturalist; accessed Apr 2021).

Samtskhe-Javakheti / Самцхе-Джавахети: "Цветущее растение. Грузия, край Самцхе-Джавахети, Ахалцихский муниципалитет [Akhaltsikhe Municipality], монастырь Сапара [Sapara Monastery, 41°36'12.7"N 43°01'51.4"E], луг. 28.05.2018" by Александр Лебедев [Alexander Lebedev] 2018; таксон определил(а) Наталья Гамова [Natalia Gamova] in Plantarium; accessed May 2021); "Tsaghveri [41°48'04.4"N 43°28'53.4"E, Borjomi Municipality]", 23 May 2019 (inaturalist.org/observations/69637332 and gbif.org/occurrence/3068024450 by Todd Boland in iNaturalist; accessed Apr 2021).

Samzche-Dschawachetien: "O. lutea Baumg.: 38; 4.948 ą 0.052; 2.474; Georgia (WU: S&T 6966)" (Weiss-Schneeweiss & al. 2006); AY209279: Georgia, Minor Caucasus, valley of river Mtkvari (Kura), between Akaltsikhe [Achalziche] and Atsquri, 920-980 m, on Medicago sp. (Fabaceae), G. Schneeweiss & AT (WU: S&T 6966) (Carlón & al. 2005: 64, sub O. lutea).

Tbilisi: "Georgia!, Tiflis [Tbilisi / Тбилиси] (leg. Bayern)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

1. "Orobanche ferruginea? / = O. alba /  9.V.71 [1871] Akal. cm [Грузия?, Ситовский (Sitovskiy)]". – 2. "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquеnsis (MW) / ..." (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/en/item/MW0723404 - MW 0723404.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021).

Abkhazia / Abjasia / Аҧсны / Абхазия / Abkhazie / Abchasien [Aphsny / Apjazeti / Abjazia] (former Abkhaz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic [Abkhaz ASSR] / Абхазская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика [Абхазская АССР])

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Germany / Deutschland / Alemania / Allemagne (Reichenbach 1829: 37, sub O. elatior [syn. O. rubens]; Dietrich 1835: 148, t. 148, loc. class. of O. buekii, sub O. elatior; Schultz 1840: 127, sub O. rubens; Koch 1844: 619, loc. class. of O. buekiana; Reuter 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Reichenbach f. 1862: 99, "In Medicagine falcata hic inde in ditione media ac subaustrali", sub O. rubens; Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. rubens [O. elatior]; Nyman 1865: 131, "boruss. [Prussia / Borussia]", sub O. rubens [O. Bueckii A. Dietr.], 132, "Germ (Frankf. a. d. Oder)", sub O. Buekiana; Boissier 1879: 511, sub O. rubens; Thomé 1885: 197, t. 539, sub O. rubens; Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 238, 242, sub var. buekiana, "Deutschland: Frankfurt a. O. (Buek!), Rittgarten bei Prenzlau!; Schlesien: Kabscher Gipsgruben bei Dierschel!, Rheinhessen, Westfalen (nicht gesehen)"; Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Kreutz 1995: 118-119, sub O. lutea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 71, sub O. lutea)

Baden-Württemberg (map in The floristic mapping of Baden-Württemberg, accessed Sep 2017)

Karlsruhe: "Mannheim" (Beck 1890: 167).

Rhein-Neckar-Kreis: "D Hemsbach 11.5.12" (O. lutea in www.guenther-blaich.de, accessed Jun 2012).

Tübingen: "Ulm" (Beck 1890: 167).

Zollernalbkreis: "Orobanche lutea, Schwäbische Alb [Swabian Jura] (Mittlere Kuppenalb), Germany", 20 May 2007, Bernd Haynold (accessed Jun 2012).

Bavaria / Bayern / Baviera  (O. lutea in Botanische Informationsknoten Bayern, accessed Oct 2014).

Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern: "63. Orobanche elatior, Sutt. / Rchb. pl. crit. VII. ic. 899. 900. / Auf Brachäckern bei München [Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern] am 1. Juli ges. v. Spitzel. / * O. rubens Wallr. auf Wurzeln von Trifol. flexuosum am / Kalkfelsen der Webelsburg [Wewelsburg, North Rhine-Westphalia] in Thüringen: Wallroth. // Reichenbach ... German." (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419595 - P 04419595.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/464936620; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "63. Orobanche elatior Sutt. / Rchb. p. crit. VII. ic. 899. 900. / Auf Brachäckern bei München am 1 Juli ges. v. Spitzel. / O. rubens Wallr. Auf Wurzeln von Trifol. flexuosum am / Kalkfesen der Webelsburg in Thüringen: Wallroth." (K 000806999 - kew.org/herbcatimg/400473.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg. (Schultz 1829: 8; Reichenbach 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior (O. lutea, O. rubens)]); idem (P 04384979; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg. (Schultz 1829: 8; Reichenbach 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior (O. lutea, O. rubens)]); idem (P 04384980; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg.); "9. O. Medicaginis Vauch. (O. elatior Beitrag Reichb., Fl. Germ exsicc. Nr. 63) auf Medicago sativa" (Schultz, 1830: 505, sub O. Medicaginis Vauch.); "in der Rheinpfalz: Ziz, bei München: v. Spitzel" (Reichenbach 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior [O. lutea, O. rubens]); "Orobanche Medicaginis Duby / ... / pr. München in radice Medicaginis / sativae et falcatae. A. Braum / 1832" (K 000806998; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2017); "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Munich / C. Billot" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419598 - P 04419598.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/465010861; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "München" (Beck 1890: 167); "Reichenbach, Exsicc. nr. 63! (sub O. elatior)" (Beck, 1890: 167); "in monte Calvarienberg pr. Baden (ipse)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub var. buekiana); "Kalvarienberg bei Baden!" (Beck 1930: 242, sub var. buekiana); "Herb. A. Chevallier // 22.7.1905 / Orobanche alpestris / Berchtesgaden / Bavičre" (P 04243417; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2015).

Brandenburg

Frankfurt (Oder): "Wächst auf Anhöhen des Oderufers bei Frankfurt an der Oder [Frankfurt an der Oder / Frankfurt (Oder), Brandenburg, Germany] in Lehmboden und findet sich einzeln auf Medicago falcata. Von dem um die vaterländische Flora so hoch verdienten Herrn Apotheker Buek in Frankfurt an der Oder entdeckt, der mir lebende Exemplare davon übersendete und dem zu Ehren ich sie benannt habe. Blüht im Mai und Juni" (Dietrich 1835: 145, t. 145, loc. class. of O. buekii, sub O. elatior); 1. "4. Orobanche elatior / collegi pr. Francofurt. ad / Viadr. / J.N. Buek / 1843". – 2. "... Orobanche elatior ... / por Buek et l'Orobanche buekiana Koch / ... p. 389". – 3. "Orobanche buekiana Koch! / en Reuter ! (1851)". – 4. "les exemplaires del'Orobanche Buekiana récoltés pour Buek ... O. rubens var. pallens, et non la plante de Koch. / ... p. 168" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04392726 - P 04392726.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/465190271; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011, typus of O. buekiana W.D.J. Koch); "In Iocis incultis in Medicagine sativa parasitica, (in der Neumark bei Frankfurt a. d. O. [Francofortum ad Viadrum / Frankfurt (Oder)], auf dem Berge Lüssow, Apoth. Buek.)" (Koch 1844: 619, loc. class. of O. buekiana); Frankfurt an der Oder / Frankfurt (Oder) (Reuter 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Nyman 1865: 131, "boruss. [Prussia / Borussia]", sub O. rubens [O. Bueckii A. Dietr.], 132, "Germ (Frankf. a. d. Oder)", sub O. Buekiana; Beck 1890: 164); "In locis incultis super Medicagine sativâ parasitica, circa Francofurtum ad Viadrum [Francofortum ad Viadrum = Frankfurt (Oder)] (Reuter 1847: 30, sub O. buekiana); "Francofurti ad Viadr. in monte Lussow Buek! (decem possideo typos.)" (Reichenbach fil., 1862: 99, sub O. rubens var. buekiana); "O. Buekianam adhuc vidi ex : / Silesia: Frankfurt an der Oder (Buek, Spec. orig.) Kabscher Gypsgruben et prope Dierschel; Borussia: Rittgarten prope Prenzlau (Schlickum)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub var. buekiana); "Orobanche rubens Wallroth / Francofurtum ad Viadrum / In rad. Medicag. / falc. ..." (P 04419593; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Lower Normandy

Calvados: "Sur la Luzerne cultivée, ... et Bayeux (De Brčbisson)" (Mutel 1835: 348, sub O. medicaginis).

Orne: "Sur la Luzerne cultivée, Alençon et ... (De Brčbisson)" (Mutel 1835: 348, sub O. medicaginis).

North Rhine-Westphalia

Düsseldorf: "63. Orobanche elatior, Sutt. / Rchb. pl. crit. VII. ic. 899. 900. / Auf Brachäckern bei München [Upper Bavaria / Oberbayern] am 1. Juli ges. v. Spitzel. / * O. rubens Wallr. auf Wurzeln von Trifol. flexuosum am / Kalkfelsen der Webelsburg [Wewelsburg, North Rhine-Westphalia] in Thüringen: Wallroth." (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419595 - P 04419595.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/464936620; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "63. Orobanche elatior Sutt. / Rchb. p. crit. VII. ic. 899. 900. / Auf Brachäckern bei München am 1 Juli ges. v. Spitzel. / O. rubens Wallr. Auf Wurzeln von Trifol. flexuosum am / Kalkfesen der Webelsburg in Thüringen: Wallroth." (K 000806999; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg. (Schultz, 1829: 8; Reichenbach, 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior (O. lutea, O. rubens)]); idem (P 04384979; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg. (Schultz 1829: 8; Reichenbach, 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior (O. lutea, O. rubens)]); idem (P 04384980; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [the specimen corresponds to O. lutea Baumg.); "9. O. Medicaginis Vauch. (O. elatior Beitrag Reichb., Fl. Germ exsicc. Nr. 63) auf Medicago sativa" (Schultz 1830: 505, sub O. Medicaginis Vauch.); "Düsseldorf" (Beck 1890: 167); "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Auf Medicago falc. / Düsseldorf" (P 04419593; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Rhineland-Palatinate

Mainz: "var. b,  sur les Luzernes cultivées et en faux ... Palatinat" (Mutel 1835: 348, sub O. medicaginis var. rubens); "Dr. Wirtgen Herb. pl. crit. select. Fasc. XI. / 621 / Orobanche rubens Wallr. / In grosser Menge auf Medicago sativa und falcata schmarotzend in / den Kieferwäldern bei Mainz. / 12. Juni 1861   W." (P 04406418 - herb. E.G. Camus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); idem (P 04419605 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2017); "palat." (Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. rubens); "Wirtgen, Herb. plant. crit. select. fasc. XI, nr. 621!" (Beck 1890: 167); "Mainz" (Beck 1890: 167); "Mainz [50°00'43.4"N 8°12'24.2"E]", 21 May 2018 (inaturalist.org/observations/30938178 and gbif.org/occurrence/2366052402 by holgeru in iNaturalist.org; accessed Apr 2021).

Saxony

Dresde: "901. et DCLXX. 902. legi in valle Plauensi [Plauen] FI. Dresdensis, altera memorabilis ob гаmum lateralem. Junio floruit in Medicagine sativa et falcata sub Pruno spinosa" (Reichenbach, 1829: 37, sub O. elatior [O. rubens]); "Auf Medicago falcata und sativa an Ackerrämdern. auf Hügeln bei Dresden" (Reichenbach 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior [O. lutea, O. rubens]); "Orobanche elatior / Dresden / 962 / = rubens Wallr." (P 04419595; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Dresden" (Beck 1890: 167).

Thuringia / Thüringen

"Orobanche / rubens mea / Wallroth misit Dec. 1828" (K 000759336 - kew.org/herbcatimg/400388.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017, type of O. rubens); "in Thüringen: Wallr. am Harz: Hampe" (Reichenbach 1831-32: 37, sub O. elatior [O. lutea, O. rubens]); "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Thuringia / Grisebach 1851" (P 04446052; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Jena: "Jena" (Beck 1890: 167); "Flachsleite bei Jena in Thüringen, 1988" (Uhlich & al. 1995: 41, Abb. 26).

Kyffhäuserkreis: "(auf Medicago spec.) bei Bad Frankenhausen, 3. 6. 1988" (Uhlich & al. 1995: 41, Abb. 25).

Nordhausen-Kyffhäuserkreis: "In collibus editioribus ad Biebram. — Extra fines ad Auleben et Sondershusam. Jul." (Wallroth 1822: 307, loc. class. of O. rubens).

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Greece / Grecia / Ελλάδα / Hellas (Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Strid & Tan 2000: 66, sub O. lutea)

Central Macedonia

Chalkidiki / Halkidiki / Chalcidice: "Ic. Rchb. crt. 7 f. 919 [= O. hederae!]. / In peninsula Hajion-Oros [Mount Athos / Άγιον Όρος / Agion Oros / Hagion Oros]: prope Karaes alt. 2000' solitarie (parasitice in radice quadam lignosa, forsan Hederae)!" (Grisebach 1844: 57, sub O. medicaginis Dub. [this record seems to correspond to O. hederae]).

Epirus

Ioannina: "Epirus: auf dem Berge Prosgoli [near Méga Peristérion, municipality of Metsovo] in. 1000 m Seehöhe (Formanek als O. prosgolica!)" (Beck 1930: 239, loc. class. of O. prosgolica); "Monodendri-Oxia, 1340 m" (jansalpines.com/gallery/main.php?g2_itemId=23301&g2_imageViewsIndex=1 by Harry Jans 2010, sub O. alba; accessed Jun 2012).

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Hungary / Hungría / Magyarország (Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. rubens; Beck 1890: 167, "Hungaria [Kingdom of Hungary]! (Croatia, Hungaria, Transsylvania)"; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb, 1972: 292, sub O. lutea)

Central Hungary: "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / in pratis campi Rákos Pestini [Budse-Pestini / Budapest]. Maj 1878 / Medic. sativa / Borbás V.) (P 04419609; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Heves: "Ungarn: Com. Heves auf dem Berge Sárhegy bei Gyöngyös (Degen!)" (Beck 1930: 242, sub var. buekiana).

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Iran / Irán / Persia / Persien (Boissier 1879: 511, sub O. rubens "Specimen a cl. Szovits es Transcaucasiâ  loco non indicato herb. Hort. Petrop. húc refero. In radice Medicaginum parasitica"); Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea, "In itinere persico (leg. Szovits)"; Bornmüller 1904: 681-682, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. lutea, "Persia")

Māzandarān: "Persia borealis: Elburs [Alborz / Alburz / Elburz / Elborz], ad basin septentr. alpium Totschal [Tochal, Alborz mountain range] in valle prope Scheheristanek, 2200 m. s. m.; 12.VI.1902 (Bornm., iter Persicum II, n. 7922); in subalpinis montium Elburs in valle Lur prope pagum Getschesär, 2200 m. s. m.; 23.II.1902 (Bornm., iter Persicum II, n. 7921; n. 7921b f. floribus maximis)" (Bornmüller 1904: 681-682, sub O. lutea); "Nord-Persien!: Elburs am Fuße des Totschal bei Scheheristanek in 2200 m Seehöhe im Juni 1902 (Bornmüller)" (Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

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Italy / Italia / Italien (Bertoloni 1846: 436, loc. class. of O. fragrantissima, "Legi in collibus Bononiensibus de S. Michele in bosco, di Castiglionee, di Barbiano, Padermo, Sabbione, Casalecchio, ubi copiosa, et constanter parasitica supra Medicaginem falcatam L. Habui ex Pedemontio in pratis collinis ad Albam Pempejam a Bertero, ex agro Veronensi a Bussolengo supra Trifolium pratense L., Medicaginem sativam L., et Lotum corniculatum L. a Tommasinio, et a Biasoletto, ex agro Patavino ab Eq. Trevisano. Floret Majo"; Reichenbach f. 1862: 99; Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. fragrantissima; Caruel 1885: 378, sub O. rubens; Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea, "Italia! (Alpes Cottiarum ...)"; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 71, sub O. lutea)

Campania

Naples (NA): "Italia! (... ins. Nisida prope Neapolim ...)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Emilia-Romagna

Bologna (BO): "Orobanche fragrantissima Bert., Fl. Ital. 6 / p. 436. n. 13 / supra radices Medicaginis falcata L. / Bononia in monte Paderno" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419598 - P 04419598.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/465010861; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Bologna" (Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. fragrantissima).

Modena (MO): "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... nel Bolognese e Modenese agli Arienti (Cocc.)" (Caruel 1885: 378, sub O. rubens); "Riserva Naturale delle Salse di Nirano" (photo in flora.provincia.modena.it, accessed Jun 2012).

Parma (PR): "Orobanche minor Smith / Jan h. v. n.ş 540. 4. / Parmae / Jan misit Majo 1822" (K 000759337 - kew.org/herbcatimg/400388.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2017 [sub O. lutea]); "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... nel Parmense alla Baganza [Sala Baganza] (Passerini!, Ces. Pass. Gib.)" (Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens); "Italia! (... Parma ...)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Reggio Emilia (RE): "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... a Castelfranco, a Rubiera (Gib. Pir.)" (Caruel 1885: 378, sub O. rubens).

Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Trieste (TS): "Chiadino bei Triest ... S. Andrea [Sant'Andrea], Chiapovano bei Triest. Tommassini!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 99, sub O. rubens); "Triest" (Nyman, 1865: 131, sub O. fragrantissima); "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... in Istria intorno a Trieste in diversi punti (Reich. fil.)" (Caruel 1885: 378, sub O. rubens); "Comune di Trieste, prato falciabile presso il Monte Spaccato, TS, FVG, Italia, 26/5/05 ... Comune di Trieste, localitŕ Basovizza, prato ai margini della strada per San Lorenzo., TS, Friuli Venezia-Giulia, Italia, 14.05.2009" (dbiodbs.univ.trieste.it/carso/chiavi_pub26?spez=1799 by Andrea Moro in Project Dryades, accessed Jun 2012).

Udine (UD): "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... in Friuli intorno a Udine e altrove (Pir.)" (Caruel, 1885: 378, sub O. rubens).

Lazio

Rome (RM): "Italia! (... Roma ...)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Lombardy

Bergamo (BG): "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... nel Bergamasco in valle Caleppio [Castelli Calepio] (Rota [Rota d'Imagna])" (Caruel 1885: 378, sub O. rubens).

Brescia (BS): "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... nel Bresciano a Sarezzo, sul Cornablacca [Corna Blacca, Prealpi bresciane] a Peio (Zersi)" (Caruel 1885: 378, sub O. rubens).

Pavia (PV): "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... nel Pavese sui colli d'Oltre Po (Rota)" (Caruel 1885: 378, sub O. rubens).

Piedmont

Cuneo (CN): "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... ad Alba (Bertero!)" (Caruel 1885: 378, sub O. rubens); "Italia! (... Alba [Alba Pompeia] ...)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Turin (TO): "Italia! (Alpes Cottiarum [Alpi Cozie / Alpes cottiennes / Cottian Alps]...)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Sardinia / Sardegna / Sardaigne / Cerdeńa / Sardinien (Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea); "Orobanche lutea Baumg. (Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 2: 215. 1816) [= Orobanche fragrantissima Bertol. (Fl. Ital. 6: 436. 1846) has been repeatedly reported from South Sardinia near the S. Gilla pond, from Mount Arcosu, the Rio S. Lucia valley (see also Conti & al., 2005) and, recently, the Campidano (Bocchieri & Iiriti 2006). We found no confirmation of any of these records in the herbaria studied" (Domina & Arrigoni 2007: 134).

Sicily / Sicilia / Sicile / Sizilien (Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea)

"Margine strada Guttureddu, Stazzu Aroni, Uta, CA, 11.IV.1993, G. Bacchetta (CAG); M.te Arcosu (Mossa et al., 1996); S.ta Lucia (Mossa et Bacchetta, 1998)" (Bacchetta 2006: 191); "Orobanche lutea Lojac., Naturalista Sicil. 1: 256 (1882) [O. variegata Wallr., Orob. Gen.: 40 (1825)] ... Note: This name has been attributed to yellowish individuals that occasionally occur within the Orobanche variegata Wallr. population." (Domina & Mazzola 2007: 232).

Trentino-Alto Adige / Trentino-Südtirol

South Tyrol / Sudtirolo / Südtirol (BZ): "Trockene Triften bis an die Voralpen, auf Medicago falcata.— ... Bozen [Bolzano]: haüfig am norwestlichen Abhange des Calvarienberges [monte Calvario], dann auf den Waldblössen der Rodlerau; seltener am Ritten [Renon], bei Klobenstein [Collalbo] südöstlich am Rösslerhofe mit O. Epithymum (Hsm. [Hausmann])" (Hausmann 1852: 649, sub O. rubens); "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: in Tirolo presso Bolzano in diversi punti (Hausm.)" (Caruel 1885: 378, sub O. rubens).

Trentino (TN): "Orobanche condensata Moris ? Porta / parasitica sub Medicagine [Medicago]. / Tirolia austral. in pascuis di Dos Brione pr. Riva [Riva del Garda] / sol. petrae arenariae ... / 16 ... 1894[?]  Porta" (P 04384678; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014 [the sheet contains three specimens, one of these appears to be O. variegata (on right-hand of the sheet), but the other two (on the left-hand of the sheet) are from Porta (close to Porta's label) and correspond to O. lutea]).

Veneto

Verona (VR): "Verona" (Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. fragrantissima); "Parassita sulle Mediche nell'Italia superiore: ... a Verona (Massalongo!), e nel Veronese sul monte Pastello [Monti Lessini, Prealpi Venete] a 2500' (Bracht!, Bert.), negli Euganei [Colli Euganei / Euganean Hills)] (Trev.)" (Caruel 1885: 378, sub O. rubens); "Italia! (... Verona, Peschiera [Peschiera del Garda] ...)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

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Kazakhstan / Қазақстан / Qazaqstan / Казахстан / Kazajistán [unconfirmed] (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea)

"Songoria [Songaria / Soogaria / Zhungaria / Dzungaria] (leg. Schrenk), in montibus Altaicis (leg. Mayer), sec. spec. herbarii Petrop., si schedula non falsa permutata est." (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea); "In der Songarei (Schrenk!) und im Altai (Mayer!), gesehen im Herb. Petersburg, ob nicht Etiquettenirrtum?" (Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea); "Songoria" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. lutea).

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Latvia / Latvija / Letonia / Lettland [unconfirmed] (Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea)

Courland / Kurzeme / Kurāmō / Kurland: "Kurland (nach F. Hermann, nicht gesehen)" (Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

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Liechtenstein (Pusch & Günther 2009: 71, sub O. lutea)

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Luxembourg / Lëtzebuerg / Luxembourg / Luxemburg / Luxemburgo (Lambinon & al. 2004)

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Moldova / Moldavia / Молдавия (Gejdeman 1986)

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Montenegro / Crna Gora [Black Mountain] / Црна Гора (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck 1922: 36, loc. class. of O. lutea f. evanida; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea)

"Montenegro!" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea); "Crna Gora!" (Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

Budva: "Bosnia: prope Petrovae [Petrovac / Petrovac na Moru / Петровац на / Castellastua] m. Junio 1892 (G. Beck)" (Beck 1922: 36, loc. class. of O. lutea f. evanida).

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Netherlands / Nederlanden / Países Bajos (Nyman 1865: 131, "Batav. [Batavia]", sub O. rubens; Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea, "Hollandia (n. v.)"; Beck 1930: 238, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Kreutz 1995: 119, sub O. lutea!)

Gelderland / Guelders / Geldern: "Tolkamer, Gelderland (NL), 15-6-1985" (Kreutz 1995: 119, sub O. lutea!).

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Poland / Polska / Polonia / Polen (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea, "Polen!"; Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 71, sub O. lutea; Piwowarczyk 2012: 10-11, 20-21 "Appendix 9. List of localities of Orobanche lutea"; Piwowarczyk & Krajewski 2014, sub O. lutea)

Łódź: "Volhynia! [Wołyń]" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Lower Silesian: "Breslau [Wrocław]" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

Silesian / Silesia: "Piotrkow bei Czestochow [Częstochowa] (Karo)" (Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea); "2012-06-16 Jaworzno ... Two specimens photographed Skalka hillside settlement in the area of the hill at a distance of approximately 800m north of the hill settlement. The approximate coordinates - N: 50st, 11min, 26sek. E: 19st, 17min, 44sek. In the community was a lot of alfalfa and hybrid cell." (Piotr Grzegorzek, pers. comm. 2 Jul 2012).

Note: "it mostly occurs in the Polish Uplands and, less frequently, along the lower oder and Vistula rivers and in the Carpathian Foothills. The highest density of its localities and probably the most abundant populations in europe are recorded in the Silesia-Cracow Upland" (Piwowarczyk & Krajewski 2014, sub O. lutea).

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Romania / Rumania / România (Baumgarten 1816: 215, loc. class. of O. lutea; Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. rubens; Boissier 1879: 511, sub O. rubens; Beck 1890: 167, "Transsylvania", sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea)

"Dobrudscha [Dobruja / Dobrudja / Добруджа / Dobrudzha / Dobrogea, Bulgaria-Romania] leg. Sintenis" (Beck 1890: 165, loc. class. of O. lutea var. typica f. hypoleuca).

"In pratis montosis siccioribusque ubique. Jun. [Transylvania]" (Baumgarten 1816: 215, loc. class. of O. lutea); "767. Orobanche lutea Baumg.: II-IV (14,5); G, Eua (M); H2T3R4 / - var. buekiana Koch: IV (14,25) / - f. collecta Beck: IV (14,25)" (Drăgulescu 1995: 77).

"Flora Transylvanica / No 13531 / Orobanche rubens Wallr. / ...  ... [Transylvania] auf / Vicia ... / 16 Mai 876 / Csató // Herb. Schur" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04384972 - P 04384972.jpg - Hb. E. Cosson - gbif.org/occurrence/464766248; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2012 [only the two specimens on the left of the sheet, close to its label. The rest of specimens are O. kochii]).

Cluj: 2897. Orobanche lutea ... / f. porphyrea G. Beck / Transsilvania, distr. Cluj. In pratis montanis subxerophyticis vallis "Valea Popii" prope oppid. ... 28 Maj. 1939. / Plantae nutrices: Medicago falcata, ... / leg. E.J. Nyárády" (P 04406118; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

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Russia / Россия / Rossiya / Rusia / Russie / Russland (Steven 1857: 354, loc. class. of O. hians; Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. rubens; Boissier 1879: 511, sub O. rubens; Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 88[83], sub O. lutea, "Caucasus [Caucasus / Caucas / Cáucaso]: all regions [North Caucasus economic region]"; Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Czerepanov 2007: 331, sub O. lutea)

"Rossia meridionalis!" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea); "European USSR: Upper Dnieper, Middle Dnieper, Bessarabia, Black Sea Region, Lower Don, Crimea. Caucasus: All regions. Soviet Central Asia: mountainous Turmenia, Pamiro-Alai" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 88[83], sub O. lutea).

North Caucasian Federal District / Северо-Кавказский федеральный округ

Adygeja / Республика Адыгея: "N 7 / Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Северо-Кавказский край [North Caucasus Krai], окр. г. Майкопа [Maykop]. Дубово-грабовый лес к югу от г. Майкопа / обилие — Sol. gr. Sp. gr. фено-стадия: начало цветения / 23.VI.1933. [Leg.] Гроссет, Петрова [Grosset, Petrova]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/en/item/MW0723508 - MW 0723508.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021).

Dagestan / Daghestan / Республика Дагестан (formerly Дагестанская АССР / Dagestan SSSR): "In der Nähe von Derbend [Derbent / Дербе́нт / Dərbənd] am kaspischen Meere [Caspian Sea]" (Koch 1849: 665, sub O. rubens); "Ciskaukasien: Daghestan distr. Temir Chan-Schura [Buynaksk / Буйнакск], in 510 m Seehöhe im Mai (Alexeenko!), nicht typisch." (Beck 1930: 242, sub O. lutea var. buekiana); "Dagestan" (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 89[84], sub var. buekiana; Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 457); "1932. Дагестанская АССР / Coll. Н. Самсель [N.Samsel]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/en/item/MW0723343 - MW 0723343.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021).

Kabardino-Balkar Republic / Кабардино-Балкарская Республика (formerly Кабардино-Балкарская АССР / Kabardino-Balkarian ASSR): "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis / 1926-27 Сев. Кавказа., Кабарда [Kabardia] / ... / А. Шумкова [A. Shumkova]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0723513 - MW 0723513.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021 [O. owerinii]); "Orobanche alba Steph / ... / Кабардино-Балкарская АССР [Kabardino-Balkarian ASSR] ... 15.VII.70 [leg. et det.] Н. Кириллина [N. Kirillina]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0723400 - MW 0723400.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021 [cf.])); "Часть соцветия. Кабардино-Балкария, Чегемский р-н [Chegemsky District], окр. с. Лечинкай [Lechinkay, 43°33'00.2"N 43°23'06.4"E], луг. 26 июня 2018 г." (plantarium.ru/page/image/id/576168 and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/576167 by Александр Фатерыга [Alexander Fateryga] 2018, sub O. lutea, in Plantarium; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2021 [O. owerinii]).

Karachay-Cherkess Republic / Карачаево-Черкесская Республика: 1. "Orobanche minor Smith? / Карачаево-Черкесская, / Джегутинский р-н [Ust-Dzhegutinsky District] ... N.ş 5942  21.05.2007. Leg. et det. А.С. Зернов [A.S. Zernov]". – 2. "Orobanche lutea Baumg. / I. 2009 Teste Tzvelev" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/en/item/MW0723511 - MW 0723511.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021); "Соцветие. Карачаево-Черкесия, Теберда [Teberda, Karachayevsky District / Карачаевский район], гора Лысая. 29.05.2013" (plantarium.ru/page/image/id/196083 et plantarium.ru/page/image/id/196082 by Сергей Банкетов [Sergey Banketov] 2013 in Plantarium, accessed Jan 2017); Карачаево-Черкесская Республика, Карачаевский район... 29 мая 2018 г. Собр. Сурикова М.Е. [Surikova M.E.] (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW1008935 - MW 1008935.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021); Orobanche lutea Baumg. / Karachayevsky District / Карачаевский район ... 1.6.2018 г. leg. Козаев Н.Б. [Kozaev N.B.] (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/en/item/MW1008936 - MW 1008936.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021 [O. owerinii]); Карачаево-Черкесская Республика, Урупский р-н [Urupsky District] ... 1200 19.06.2019. Собр. А.С. Зернов [A.S. Zernov] (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW1008934 - MW 1008934.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021).

Stavropol Krai / Ставропольский край: Alexandrovsky District [Александровский район] / на Medicago caerulea Ledeb. [Medicago sativa subsp. microcarpa Urb.] ... 19.05.1902. leg. et det И. Новопокровский [I. Novopokrovsky]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/en/item/MW0723512 - MW 0723512.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021 [see MW 0706859]); "Кисловодск [Kislovodsk, 43°53'46.6"N 42°45'11.8"E]", 30 May 2014 (inaturalist.org/observations/20448841 by Eduard Garin in iNaturalist; accessed Apr 2021).

Southern Federal District / Южный федеральный округ

Krasnodar Krai / Краснода́рский край / Kuban: "eandem ad ostia Hypanis [Kuban River] circa Taman [Тамань, Temryuksky District] legi" (Steven 1857: 354 loc. class. of O. hians); "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) // Императорского Московского университета [Imperial Moscow University] / Полторацкий [Poltoratskiy], растения Кубанской области [plants of the Kuban region]. 1884. / Orobanche rubens Wallr. ? / Ст. Переясловская [Pereyaslovskaya]. По степям. / O. lutea Baumg. / [Coll. Полторацкий [Poltoratskiy]]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/en/item/MW0723509 - MW 0723509.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021); 1. "... / Orobanche / Краснодарский край. / Черноморское побережье [Black Sea coast] / бл. Абрау-Дюрсо [Abrau-Dyurso, Novorossiysk / Новороссийск]. Оз. Лиманчик [Lake Limanchik]. В лесу [In the forest] / 29.06.1965. Собр. В. Павлов [V. Pavlov] – 2. "O. lutea Baumg.? / 19.XII.1969 Determ. Ю.Алексеев [Y. Alekseyev]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0723518 - MW 0723518/img/0.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021 [O. laxissima]); "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) / Orobanche lutea Baumg. / ... / Краснодарский край, Геленджик [Gelendzhik], / Гора Михайловка [Gora Mikhaylovka], водораздел, / остепненный луг, редко. / Паразитировало на Medicago falcata / 11.VI.2017. Leg. et det. А.В. Попович [A.V. Popovich]" (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW1003791 - MW 1003791.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021).

Krim / Crimea (see Ukraine / Russia) (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 88[83], sub O. lutea)

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Serbia / Srbija / Србија (Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. rubens [O. medicaginis Dub.], "Turc. (Serbia)"; Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea)

Rasina: "In Serbia: inter Kruschewacz [Kruševac / Крушевац] et m. Kopaunik [Kopaonik / Копаоник] pr. Cozlik (Fiedr. [Friedrichsthal])" (Grisebach 1844: 56, sub O. elatior Sutt., "...superne rectiusculo ... Syn. O. rubens Wallr.!" [this record seems to correspond to O. kochii]); "Macedonia!: Cozlik (leg. Friedrichsthal)" (Beck 1890: 167 [this record seems to correspond to O. kochii]); "Serbia!: prope Topinovic et Krusevac [Kruševac / Крушевац] (leg. Pančić)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea).

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Slovakia / Slovensko / Eslovaquia / Slowakei (Beck 1930: 238, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; O. lutea in www.nahuby.sk/atlas-rastlin, accessed Jun 2012)

Trenčín Region / Trenčínský kraj: "Kvetna Ohorska / Stolica: Trenčín No. 11457 / Orobanche elatior Sutt. / ... / in Medicagine / sativâ / 6 1874 / J.L. Holuby" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04384980 - P 04384980 - hb. E. Cosson; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [two specimens on the right hand of the sheet, close to its label]).

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Slovenia / Slovenija / Eslovenia / Slowenien (Reichenbach fil. 1862: 99, sub O. rubens; Pusch & Günther 2009: 71, sub O. lutea; partimento di Scienze della Vita, Universitŕ degli Studi di Trieste picture by Andrea Moro, accessed Jun 2012)

Slovenian Littoral: "Haidenschaft [Ajdovščina / Aidussina],  ... Schönpass [Šempas / Sambasso / Schönpals], Lippiza [Lipica]" (Reichenbach fil. 1862: 99, sub O. rubens); "Carso sloveno, localitŕ Pliskovica [Sežana], Slovenia, 24.11.04" (dbiodbs.univ.trieste.it/carso/chiavi_pub26?spez=1799 by Andrea Moro in Project Dryades, accessed Jun 2012); "North of the main road from Bovec to village Žaga, near Žvikar inn, East Julian Alps, Posocje, Slovenia EC" flickr.com/photos/atrnkoczy/sets/72157625581488111/with/5306304587 by Amadej Trnkoczy, accessed Jun 2012).

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Spain / Espańa / Espagne / Spanien [unconfirmed, probably always in error for others yellowish species of this genus (Foley 2001: 71; Pujadas 2001: 79-80 "A falta de cap testimoni d’herbari, considerem la seva presčncia com molt dubtosa als Paďsos Catalans i de moment no s’hauria de tenir en compte per la flora del territori.")] (Willkomm 1870: 624, sub O. rubens; Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 238, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea)

Aragon / Aragón

Zaragoza (Z): "Orobanche lutea Baumg major? [o. s.] / Calatayud [ N 41° 21' 0'' W 1° 38' 0'', c. 564 m] 9/5 1909 / para comprobar [o. s.] / Leg. C. Vicioso" (MA 115076) (Vicioso 1912: 101(13), sub O. lutea Baugm; rev. L. Carlón, G. Moreno Moral & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 [the sheet contains two specimens which seem to correspond to yellow forms of O. loscosii]).

Catalonia / Catalunya / Cataluńa

"In Catal. ad radices Medicaginis sativae et falcatae satis frequens (Csta., pr. Barcelona, Fk.!) ... (n. v.)" (Willkomm 1870: 624, sub O. rubens).

Barcelona (B): "pr. Barcelona, Fk.!) ... (n. v.)" (Willkomm 1870: 624, sub O. rubens).

Gerona / Girona (Ge / Gi): Sagaró ... Espolla (Vayreda 1902, sub O. rubens).

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Switzerland / Schweiz / Suisse / Svizzera / Suiza (Vaucher 1827: 45, t. 2, loc. class. of Orobanche de la Luzerne cultivée; Mutel 1835: 348, sub O. medicaginis; Reuter 1847: 25, sub O. rubens; Nyman 1865: 131, sub O. rubens; Beck 1890: 167, "Helvetia! (Genf, Basel)", sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Chater & Webb 1972: 292, sub O. lutea; Pusch & Günther 2009: 71, sub O. lutea)

Geneva: "sur lesbastions de Genčve [Geneva], ŕ l'entrée du pont de fil-de-fer ... parasites d'autres pieds de Luzerne" (Vaucher 1827: 45, t. 2, loc. class. of Orobanche de la Luzerne cultivée); "prčs le pont de fil de fer ŕ Genčve, murs prčs Vevay (Vaucher)" (Mutel 1835: 348, sub O. medicaginis); "in moentis Genevae!" (Reuter 1847: 25, sub O. rubens).

Schaffhausen: "Herbier P. Litzler / Orobanche lutea Baumg. / Suisse (Schaffhousen): / Sur l'Osterberg 781 m / entre Bargen et Merishausen / sur Medicago falcata / leg. G. Kummer 7.06.1942 / det. (don ETH Zürich)"  (MPU 339622; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017).

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Tajikistan / Таджикистан / Tadzhikistan / Tayikistán / Tadschikistan [Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic / Tajik SSR]

"Described from southern Tadzhiskistan [Tajikistan / Таджикистан]. Type in Leningrad" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 89[84], loc. class. of O. linczevskyi Novopokr.); Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 457; Czerepanov 1981; Zázvorka 2000: 505, sub O. lutea).

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Turkey / Türkiye / Turquía (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 105[99], loc. class. of O. armena Tzvelev; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. lutea, "Anatolia"; Pils 2006: 259 [photo!] "O. lutea: 500-2300; ą on Fabaceae; N, C, EE, SE")

Eastern Anatolia Region / Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi

Kars Province / Kars ili: 1. "Princeps W. Massalsky: ... / Kalysman // Orob. major L. var. Beck [m. Beck]". – 2. "I. Novopokrovsky. Notae criticae / An potius / Orobanche lutea Baumg.? / 1949.19.II". – 3. "Orobanche armena Tzvelev, sp. nova / Typus! / 1955.III.3 Teste: Tzvelev" (http://re.herbariumle.ru/01013851 - LE 01013851; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2021); "Described from Turkey [Kars], close to its border with Armenia (Kagyzman, along Kagyzman - Darasu gully close to Araks, 18.VI.1886, V. Massalskii). Type in Leningrad (LE [LE 01013851])" (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 105[99], loc. class. of O. armena Tzvelev).

Northeast Anatolia Region / Kuzeydoğu Bölgesi

Iğdır Province-Ağrı Province: "in monte Ararat [Mount Ararat] (Bayern)" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea); "Berge Ararat (Bayern)" (Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

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Turkmenistan / Turkmenistán / Turkmenia / Туркмения (Bornmüller 1904: 682, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea, "Turkomannien"; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 17, sub O. lutea, "Turcomania")

Ahal: "Turcomania: As-chabad [Ashgabat / Aşgabat / Ашхабад / Ashkhabad / Poltoratsk], Karakala, in monte Sundsodagh; 12.VI.1901 (leg. Sintenis exsicc, n. 1938)" (Bornmüller 1904: 682, sub O. lutea); "Turkomannien!: Aschabad, Karakala auf dem Berge Sundsodagh, im Juni 1901 (Sintenis)" (Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

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Ukraine / Ucrania / Україна / Украи́н (Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea)

Chernivtsi Oblast / Чернівецька: "Bessarabien!: Chotin [Chotyn / Khotyn / Хотин] (Jelski)" (Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

Kherson Oblast / Херсонська область: "Orobanche elatior Sutt. / Cherson [Kherson / Херсон] 12 Junii 1864. Herb. Ed. Lindemann" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04384979 - P 04384979.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/465009655; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2017 [two different specimens on the left hand of the sheet, the little specimen seems to correspond to O. lutea and the bigger to O. alba subsp. major]).

Lviv Oblast / Львівська область: "Верхушка цветущего растения, паразитирующего на Medicago falcata. Украина, Львовская обл. [Lviv Oblast], луговой склон на выходах известняков. 1 июня 2009 г." (plantarium.ru/page/image/id/227217 by Андрей Ковальчук [Andriy Kovalchuk] 2014 in Plantarium, accessed Jan 2017).

Odessa Oblast / Odesa / Одеська / Одещина: "Orobanche rubens Wallr. / Odessa ... Ed. Lindemann" (coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419590 - P 04419590.jpg - gbif.org/occurrence/465220532; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011).

Ukraine / Russia

Krim / Crimea / Кры́мский полуо́стров / Кри́мський піво́стрів (Steven 1857: 354, loc. class. of O. hians, "In Tauria [Krim / Crimea]; sed locus natalis haud accuratius indicatus"; Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea; Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea; Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 88[83], sub O. lutea, "Crim"; Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 457, "Crimea")

Feodosia Municipality /Феодосійська міськрада / Феодосийский городской совет: "... Orobanche lutea Baumg. / Карадаг [Кара-Даг / Kara Dag Mountain] ... 23.V.1990 ..." (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/en/item/MW0632496 - MW 0632496.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021).

Sevastopol / Севастополь: "Соцветие. Крым, Байдарская долина. 30 мая 2012 г. [Inflorescence. Crimea, Bajdarsky valley [near Tylovoye]. May 30, 2012]" (plantarium.ru/page/image/id/135809 by Павел Евсеенков [Pavel Yevseyenkov] 2012; растение определил(а) Холгер Улих [Holger Uhlich] in Plantarium, accessed Jun 2012).

Simferopol / Сімферополь / Симферополь: "Tauria! (pr. Simferopol)!" (Beck 1890: 167, sub O. lutea); "Krim!: Neusatz bei Simferopol (Callier)" (Beck 1930: 239, sub O. lutea).

Sudak City Municipality / Судацька міськрада / Судакский горсовет: "... / Orobanche major L. / (на Centaurea [?]) / ... / Окр. Судак [Sudak] / ... 16.VI.1974 (plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/en/item/MW0632497 - MW 0632497.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2021).

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