Accepted Name - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us - ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 6 December 2014


Accepted Name:

Orobanche palaestina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 718 (1847) [25 Nov. 1847 (sec. IPNI)]

Synonyms:

Orobanche minor var. palaestina (Reut.) Pau in Bull. Geograph. Botanic 23, non Orobanche minor var. palaestina sensu Cuatrecasas in Trab. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona 12: 429 (1929) (cf. Cuatrecasas, 1929: 429) [see Orobanche ballotae A. Pujadas in Acta Bot. Malacitana 22: 29 t. 1. 1997]

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? = Orobanche grisebachii Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 28 (1847 [25 Nov. 1847]) (sec. Greuter & al., 1989: 259; Boulos, 2002: 94). Syn.: Orobanche minor var. grisebachii ( Reut.) Hadidy in Boulos, Fl. Egypt Checklist: 140 (1995)

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? = Orobanche minor var. grisebachii (Reut.) Hadidy in Boulos, Fl. Egypt Checklist: 140 (1995) (cf. Boulos, 2002: 93). Syn.: Orobanche grisebachii Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 28 (1847 [25 Nov. 1847])

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? Orobanche palaestina sensu Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(2): 506 (1879 [Apr.-May 1879]) ["Palestina (Reut D.C. Prodr. XI, p. 718)"], p.p., non Orobanche palaestina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 718 (1847) (cf. Beck, 1930: 196; Post, 1933: 315). Syn.: ? = Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797); = Orobanche grisebachii Reut. (1847 [25 Nov. 1847]) (sec. Greuter & al., 1989: 264; view IPNI entry). Ind. loc.: "Hab. in Palestinâ circa Sichem et Banias (Boiss!), Hierosolymae [Jerusalem] (Roth exs. 494!), ad Physocaulem nodosam [Physocaulis nodosus (L.) W.D.J. Koch Myrrhoides nodosa (L.) Cannon] et Anthriscum macrosperman [Anthriscus macrocarpa Boiss. & Heldr. = A. nemorosa (M. Bieb.) Spreng.] prope Marasch [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş] Syriae (Haussk!)". Obs. cf. Boissier (1884: 504, "Stigma luteum vel flavidum", 506 "spicâ longissima ... stigmate (e sicco) flavescente", G 00192012 - n° SIB 186980/1)

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Ind. loc.: "In Palaestinâ prope Naplouse [Nablus / Sichen / Shechem / Škem / Νeapolis, Nablus Governorate, West Bank / Cisjordan] et circa Banias [Banias / Paneas, next to Mount Hermon, Golan Heights] (Boissier!)".

Typus / Type: "Orobanche / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier / Naplouse" (G 00150142 - n° SIB 186980/4); "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / circa Banias / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier" (G 00150143 - n° SIB 186980/3).

Designated by:

Host: "Annual leguminosae, Notobasis syriaca (L.) Cass. [Carduus syriacus L. (Asteraceae [Compositae])], Cirsium phyllocephalum Boiss. & C.I. Blanche [Asteraceae]" (cf. Feinbrun-Dothan, 1978: 215; Dor & al., 2013: 1, 2 f. 1); "Annual leguminosae, Notobasis syriaca Cass., Cirsium phyllocephalum Boiss., Eryngium maritimum L. [Umbelliferae]" (cf., Zare & al., 2009: 150); Silybum marianum [Asteraceae] (Lower Galilee in Flora of Israel Online, accessed Oct. 2008); Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Jan. 2014. The host-plants need to be confirmed by further studies.

Comments:

Taxonomic observation: "The species is closely related to O. minor and O. grisebachii and they are all placed in O. minoris group" (cf., Zare & al., 2009: 150). Although, from our point of view, the taxonomic relationship among these species is still open to debate and needs to be better explored in order to improve our scientific knowledge of this taxa.

Morphological observations: "Stigma luteum vel flavidum ... spicâ longissima ... stigmate (e sicco) flavescente ... flores eis O. minoris submajores" (cf. Boissier, 1884: 504, 506); "Stigma yellow ... Bract ... longer than corolla; ... corolla whitish" (cf. Post, 1896: 604); "stigmate luteo (?)" (cf. Beck, 1930: 216); "Corolla 15-17 mm ... cream-coloured with a violet-tinged limb" (cf. Feinbrun-Dothan, 1978: 214); white stigma? (cf. flowers in Flora of Israel Online, accessed Oct. 2008).

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, type: "Orobanche / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier / Naplouse" (G 00150142 - n° SIB 186980/4); b, type: "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / circa Banias / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier" (G 00150143 - n° SIB 186980/3); c, "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina / Ed. Boissier" (G 00192020 - n° SIB 188175/1); d, Beck, 1890: t. 4 f. 82x; e, inflorescence [parasitizing Silybum marianum, Lower Galilee] in Flora of Israel Online (accessed Oct. 2008); f, Feinbrun-Dothan, 1978: t. 364.

Distribution: Israel, Jordan?, Lebanon?, Palestine, Syria, Turkey; "Rare. Turkey, Syria, Israel and Palestine (Figure 3)." (cf., Zare & al., 2009: 150).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Israel and Palestinian territories [Palestine / Palaestina] (cf. Reuter, 1847: 718; Post, 1896: 604; Beck, 1890: 258; Beck, 1930: 216; Feinbrun-Dothan, 1978: 214-215; Zare & al., 2009: 150)

"Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina / Ed. Boissier" (G 00192020 - n° SIB 188175/1, terra class. of O. palaestina); "Donné par Mr. Boissier 1855 / Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina . April 1846 / E. Boissier" (P 02968128 - Boiss, terra class. of O. palaestina); "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina . April 1846 / E. Boissier // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (P 02968682 - hb. E. Cosson, terra class. of O. palaestina); "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina . April 1846 / E. Boissier // Herb. Hookerianum 1867" (K 000061372-665219, terra class. of O. palaestina); "Sharon Plain, Philistean Plain; Upper and Lower Galilee, Mt. Carmel, Samaria, Judean Mts.; Dan Valley [Hula Valley]; Golan, Moav [Moab]" (cf. Feinbrun-Dothan, 1978: 215); "on Physocaulos nod. [Physocaulis nodosus (L.) W.D.J. Koch Myrrhoides nodosa (L.) Cannon] and Anthriscus [Anthriscus macrocarpa Boiss. & Heldr. = A. nemorosa (M. Bieb.) Spreng.]. Leb. [Lebanon] Beirut (Bn. 12235); No. Mar'sch [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş, Turkey], N. of Kasab [Syria], Aintab [Gaziantep / Ayntab / Antep, Turkey]; Pal. [Palestine / Palaestina] Nazareth to Tiberias (PH), Garizim [Mount Gerizim, near Nablus (Shechem), West Bank], Bâniyâs (Bo), Moab (Tr)" (cf. Post, 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii); "Upper and Lower Galilee, the Golan Heights, Mount Carmel, Samaria, and the Judean mountains [Judaean Hills / Hebron Hills]" (cf. Dor & al., 2013: 1, 2).

Jerusalem: "Hierosolymae [Jerusalem] (Roth exs. 494!)" (cf. Boissier (1884: 504 [according to Beck, 1890: 247 et Beck, 1930: 202 it corresponds to O. picridis]); "Jerusalem (D)" (cf. Post, 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii).

North District

Lower Galilee: Lower Galilee / Date Picture Taken: 01/05/06 07:11:15 by Danny Joel (inflorescence [parasitizing Silybum marianum, Lower Galilee] in Flora of Israel Online, accessed 20 Oct. 2008 [white stigma?]); "near Shimshit in the Jezreel Valley" (cf. Dor & al., 2013: 1, 2 f. 1 "Orobanche palaestina Reut. parasitizing thistle (Notobasis syriaca L.) in its native habitat in the Jezreel Valley, Israel").

Upper Galilee: "מקום הצילום: הגליל העליון, ליד משגב-עם / 08/04/10 [Upper Galilee, near Misgav]" (flowers in Flora of Israel Online, accessed Dec. 2013 [white stigma?]).

West Bank / Cisjordan

Nablus Governorate: "Orobanche / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier / Naplouse [Nablus / Sichen / Shechem / Škem / Νeapolis]" (G 00150142 - n° SIB 186980/4, type of O. palaestina); "In Palaestinâ prope Naplouse ... (Boissier!)" (cf. Reuter, 1847: 718, loc. class. of O. palaestina); "Palaestina: prope Naplouse et circa Banias (Leg. Boissier), no vidi" (cf. Beck, 1890: 258); "Shechem" (cf. Post, 1896: 604); "Palaestina: bei Naplouse und Banias (O. palaestina Boiss.!)" (cf. Beck, 1930: 197, sub O. grisebachii); "Palästina: bei Naplouse und Banias (Boissier; nicht gesehen)" (cf. Beck, 1930: 216, sub O. palaestina); "Garizim [Mount Gerizim, near Nablus (Shechem), West Bank], Bâniyâs (Bo)" (cf. Post, 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii).

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Jordan / اَلأُرْدُنّ / Al-'Urdunn / Jordanie / Jordania / Jordanien [unconfirmed] (cf. Heller & Heyn, 1987)

O. palaestina, "near Taybiah [Taybeh?, West Bank, near Jerusalem]" (cf. Musselman, 2007 [these photos do not seem to correspond to O. palaestina]); "Previously unreported hosts for both genera include: Amygdalus communis, Olea europaea, and Quercus coccifera, which were parasitized by Orobanche palaestina [very doubtful host-plants]" (cf. Qasem, 2009).

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Lebanon / Líbano / Liban [unconfirmed]

Beirut: Leb. [Lebanon] Beirut (Bn. 12235)" (cf. Post, 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii).

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Spain / España / Espagne / Spanien [in error for O. ballotae]

Jaén (J): "Campanario, vert. S., 1200 m, 3-VII-25" (cf. Cuatrecasas, 1929: 429, sub O. minor var. palestina (Reut.) Pau (sec. Pujadas & al., 2007: 121, this record seems to correspond to O. ballotae)).

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Syria / Sūriyya / Sūryā / Siria / Syrien (cf. Reuter, 1847: 718; Zare & al., 2009: 150)

Golan Heights / Syrian Golan

"Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / circa Banias / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier" (G 00150143 - n° SIB 186980/3, type of O. palaestina); "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier / Rascheya [Mt HermonBanias  Naplouse" (G 00192012 - n° SIB 186980/1); "circa Banias [Banias / Paneas, next to Mount Hermon, Golan Heights] (Boissier!)" (cf. Reuter, 1847: 718, loc. class. of O. palaestina); "Palaestina: prope Naplouse et circa Banias (Leg. Boissier), no vidi; in valle flum. Jordan (leg. Tschichatscheff), herb. Petrop.!" (cf. Beck, 1890: 258); "Banias" (cf. Post, 1896: 604); "Palaestina: bei Naplouse und Banias (O. palaestina Boiss.!)" (cf. Beck, 1930: 197, sub O. grisebachii); "Palästina: bei Naplouse und Banias (Boissier; nicht gesehen); im Tale des Jordan-Flusses (Tschichatscheff in Herb. Petersburg!)" (cf. Beck, 1930: 216, sub O. palaestina); "Garizim [Mount Gerizim, near Nablus (Shechem), West Bank], Bâniyâs (Bo)" (cf. Post, 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii); "Golan, Moav" (cf. Feinbrun-Dothan, 1978: 215).

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Turkey / Türkiye / Turquía (cf. Boissier, 1884: 504; Zare & al., 2009)

Hatay Province: "Antakya [C5]: Samandağ 3 km from Çevlik to Keldağ, on seashore, 36º 05’ 571’’ N 035º 56’ 371’’ E, 0 m, 26. vii. 2009, A. A. Dönmez 15970 [Hacettepe University (HUB)]", on Eryngium maritimum L. (cf. Zare & al., 2009: 150).

Kahramanmaraş Province [unconfirmed]: "ad Physocaulem nodosam [Physocaulis nodosus (L.) W.D.J. Koch Myrrhoides nodosa (L.) Cannon] et Anthriscum macrosperman [Anthriscus macrocarpa Boiss. & Heldr. = A. nemorosa (M. Bieb.) Spreng.] prope Marasch [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş] Syriae (Haussk!)" (cf. Boissier, 1884: 504); "Marasch" (cf. Post, 1896: 604); "on Physocaulos nod. [Physocaulis nodosus (L.) W.D.J. Koch Myrrhoides nodosa (L.) Cannon] and Anthriscus [Anthriscus macrocarpa Boiss. & Heldr. = A. nemorosa (M. Bieb.) Spreng.] ... No. Mar'sch [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş], N. of Kasab [Syria], Aintab [Gaziantep / Ayntab / Antep]" (cf. Post, 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii).

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References.

Beck, G. 1890. Monographie der Gattung Orobanche. Biblioth. Bot. 19. Theodor Fischer. Kassel.

Beck, G. 1930. IV. 261. Orobanchaceae. In Engler, A. (ed.). Das Pflanzenreich. Regni Vegetabili Conspectus. Wilhelm Engelmann. Leipzig [pp. 1-348].

Boissier, P.É. 1879. Flora orientalis [...] Volumen quartum. Fasciculus secundus. Genevae et Basileae. [Ord. LXXXIX. Orobanchaceae: 492-518].

Boulos, L. 2002 [Dec. 2002]. Flora of Egypt 3 (Verbenaceae - Compositae). Al Hadara Publishing Cairo, Egypt. [Orobanchaceae: 86-96].

Catalogue des Herbiers de Genève (CHG). Orobanchaceae. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Villle de Genève (CJBG) (accessed Jan. 2014).

Chater, A.O. & Webb, D.A. 1972. Orobanche L. In T.G. Tutin, V.H. Heywood, N.A. Burges, D.M. Moore, D.H. Valentine, S.M. Walters & D.A. Webb (eds.). Flora Europaea 3: 286-293.

Cuatrecasas, J. 1929. Estudios sobre la flora y la vegetación del macizo de Mágina. Trab. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona 12: 7-510. [Orobanchaceae: 429-430].

Dor, E., Eizenberg, H., Joel, D.M., Smirnov, E., Achdari, G., & Hershenhorn, J. 2013 [Nov. 2013]. Orobanche palaestina: a potential threat to agricultural crops in Israel. Phytoparasitica: 1-7.

Domina, G. & Raab-Straube, E. 2010. Orobanche palaestina. Orobanche minor. Orobanchaceae. In: Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (accessed Nov. 2013).

Feinbrun-Dothan, N. 1978. 98 - Orobanchaceae. Flora Palestina. Part 3. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Jerusalem. 208-215 pp.

Gilli, A. 1982. Orobanchaceae (90). In Davis, P.H. (ed.). Flora of Turkey 7: 1-22. Edinburgh.

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Heller, D. & Heyn, C.C. 1987. Conspectus Florae Orientalis. An annotated Catalogue of the Flora of the Middle East. Fascicle 4: Tubiflorae (cont.) to Dipsacales. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities.

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Musselman, L.J. 2007 [27 April 2007]. Checklist of Plants of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Old Dominion University. Norfolk (accessed Jan. 2014).

Pils, G. 2006. Flowers of Turkey: a photo guide. Gerhard Pils - Linz: Eigenverl.

Post, G.E. 1896. Flora of Syria, Palestine, and Sinai; from the Taurus to Ras Muhammad, and from the Mediterranean Sea to the Syrian Desert. Beirut, Syria, Syrian Protestant College. [Orobanchaceae: 601-604].

Post, G.E. 1932-3. Flora of Syria, Palestine and Sinai [from the Taurus to Ras Muhammad, and from the Mediterranean Sea to the Syrian desert]. Beirut. [Orobanche: 310-316]. (2nd rev. & enlarged edition by J.E. Dismore. 2 volumes. 1932.).

Qasem, J.R. 2009 [13 May 2009]. Parasitic weeds of the Orobanchaceae family and their natural hosts in Jordan. Weed Biology and Management 9(2): 112-122.

Reuter, G. 1847. Orobanchaceae. In De Candolle, Alphonse (ed.). Prodromus Systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis... 11: 1-45. [Published on 25 Nov. 1847].

Schneeweiss, G.M., Palomeque, T., Colwell, A.E. & Weiss-Schneeweiss, H. 2004. Chromosome numbers and karyotype evolution in holoparasitic Orobanche (Orobanchaceae) and related genera. American Journal of Botany 91: 439-448. [Abstract / Download] (accessed 21 Sept. 2007).

Uhlich, H. 2010 [1 Sept. 2010]. Orobanche palaestina. Project OroWiki (last updated 16 November 2013). List of species (last updated 8 January 2014).

Zare, G., Dönmez, A.A. & Koca, A.D. 2009. A New Record for the Flora of Turkey: Orobanche palaestina Reut. (Orobanchaceae). Hacettepe J. Biol. & Chem. 38(2) 149-154.

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