Accepted Name - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 6 May 2021


Accepted Name:

Orobanche palaestina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 718 (1847) [25 Nov 1847 (ipni.org/n/662567-1)]

Synonyms:

Orobanche minor var. palaestina (Reut.) Pau ex Cuatrecasas in Trab. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona 12: 429 (1929), non Orobanche minor var. palaestina sensu Cuatrecasas in Trab. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona 12: 429 (1929) [see Orobanche ballotae A. Pujadas in Acta Bot. Malacitana 22: 29 t. 1. 1997]

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? = Orobanche grisebachii Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 28 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]) (Greuter & al. 1989: 259; Boulos 2002: 94; powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:662568-1). Syn.: Orobanche minor var. grisebachii (Reut.) Hadidy in Boulos, Fl. Egypt Checklist: 140 (1995)

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? = Orobanche minor var. grisebachii (Reut.) Hadidy in Boulos, Fl. Egypt Checklist: 140 (1995) (Boulos 2002: 93). Syn.: Orobanche grisebachii Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 28 (1847 [25 Nov 1847])

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? Orobanche palaestina sensu Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(2): 506 (1879 [Apr-May 1879]) ["Palestina (Reut D.C. Prodr. XI, p. 718)"], p.p., non Orobanche palaestina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 718 (1847) (Beck 1930: 216; Post 1933: 315). Syn.: ? = Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797); = Orobanche grisebachii Reut. (1847 [25 Nov 1847]) (Greuter & al. 1989: 264; ipni.org/n/662391-1). Ind. loc.: "Hab. in Palestinâ circa Sichem et Banias (Boiss!), Hierosolymae [Jerusalem] (Roth exs. 494!), ad Physocaulem nodosam [Physocaulis nodosus (L.) W.D.J. Koch Myrrhoides nodosa (L.) Cannon] et Anthriscum macrosperman [Anthriscus macrocarpa Boiss. & Heldr. = A. nemorosa (M. Bieb.) Spreng.] prope Marasch [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş] Syriae (Haussk!)". Obs. cf. Boissier (1884: 504, "Stigma luteum vel flavidum", 506 "spicâ longissima ... stigmate (e sicco) flavescente", G 00192012 - n° SIB 186980/1)

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Ind. loc.: "In Palaestinâ prope Naplouse [Nablus / Sichen / Shechem / Škem / Νeapolis, Nablus Governorate, West Bank / Cisjordan] et circa Banias [Banias / Paneas, next to Mount Hermon, Golan Heights] (Boissier!)".

Typus / Type: "Orobanche / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier / Naplouse" (G 00150142 - n° SIB 186980/4); "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / circa Banias / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier" (G 00150143 - n° SIB 186980/3).

Designated by:

Host:

"Annual leguminosae, Notobasis syriaca (L.) Cass. [Carduus syriacus L. (Asteraceae [Compositae])], Cirsium phyllocephalum Boiss. & C.I. Blanche [Asteraceae]" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215; Dor & al. 2013: 1, 2 f. 1).

"Annual leguminosae, Notobasis syriaca Cass., Cirsium phyllocephalum Boiss., Eryngium maritimum L. [?, Umbelliferae]" (Zare & al. 2009: 150, sub O. palaestina); Silybum marianum [Asteraceae] (Danin & Fragman-Sapir 2016+, sub O. palaestina); Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Jan 2014. The host-plants need to be confirmed by further studies.

Comments:

Taxonomic observation: "The species is closely related to [O. ballotae,] O. minor and O. grisebachii and they are all placed in O. minoris group" (Zare & al. 2009: 150). Although, from our point of view, the taxonomic relationship among these species is still open to debate and needs to be better explored in order to improve our scientific knowledge of this taxa.

Morphological observations: "Stigma luteum vel flavidum ... spicâ longissima ... stigmate (e sicco) flavescente ... flores eis O. minoris submajores" (Boissier 1884: 504, 506, sub O. Palaestina); "Stigma yellow ... Bract ... longer than corolla; ... corolla whitish" (Post 1896: 604); "stigmate luteo (?)" (Beck 1930: 216, sub O. palaestina); "Corolla 15-17 mm ... cream-coloured with a violet-tinged limb" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 214); white stigma? (flowers in Flora of Israel Online, accessed Oct 2008). Orobanche grisebachii: yelow or purple stigma, on Leguminosae / Orobanche palaestina: white stigma, on Asteraceae.

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, type: "Orobanche / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier / Naplouse" (G 00150142 - n° SIB 186980/4); b, type: "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / circa Banias / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier" (G 00150143 - n° SIB 186980/3); c, "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina / Ed. Boissier" (G 00192020 - n° SIB 188175/1); d, Beck 1890: t. 4 f. 82x; e, inflorescence [parasitizing Silybum marianum, Lower Galilee] in Flora of Israel Online (accessed Oct 2008); f, Feinbrun-Dothan, 1978: t. 364.

Distribution: Israel, Jordan [unconfirmed], Lebanon, Palestine, Spain [in error for O. ballotae], Syria, Turkey [unconfirmed].

"Rare. Turkey, Syria, Israel and Palestine (Figure 3)." (Zare & al. 2009: 150, sub O. palaestina).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Israel and Palestinian territories [Palestine / Palaestina] (Reuter 1847: 718, sub O. Palaestina; Boissier 1884: 506, sub O. Palaestina; Beck 1890: 258, sub O. palaestina; Post 1896: 604, sub O. palaestina; Beck 1890: 258, sub O. palaestina; Beck 1930: 216, sub O. palaestina; Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 214-215; Zare & al. 2009: 150, sub O. palaestina; Dor & al. 2013: 1, 2; Danin & Fragman-Sapir 2016+, sub O. palaestina)

"Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina / Ed. Boissier" (G 00192020 - n° SIB 188175/1, terra class. of O. palaestina); "Donné par Mr. Boissier 1855 / Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina . April 1846 / E. Boissier" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02968128 - P 02968128.jpg - Boiss, terra class. of O. palaestina); "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina . April 1846 / E. Boissier // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02968682 - P 02968682.jpg - hb. E. Cosson, terra class. of O. palaestina); "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina . April 1846 / E. Boissier // Herb. Hookerianum 1867" (K 000061372 - kew.org/herbcatimg/665219.jpg, terra class. of O. palaestina); "Sharon Plain, Philistean Plain; Upper and Lower Galilee, Mt. Carmel, Samaria, Judean Mts. [Judaean Hills / Hebron Hills]; Dan Valley [Hula Valley]; Golan, Moav [Moab]" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215); "on Physocaulos nod. [Physocaulis nodosus (L.) W.D.J. Koch Myrrhoides nodosa (L.) Cannon] and Anthriscus [Anthriscus macrocarpa Boiss. & Heldr. = A. nemorosa (M. Bieb.) Spreng.]. Leb. [Lebanon] Beirut (Bn. 12235); No. Mar'sch [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş, Turkey], N. of Kasab [Syria], Aintab [Gaziantep / Ayntab / Antep, Turkey]; Pal. [Palestine / Palaestina] Nazareth to Tiberias (PH), Garizim [Mount Gerizim, near Nablus (Shechem), West Bank], Bâniyâs (Bo), Moab (Tr)" (Post 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii); "Upper and Lower Galilee, the Golan Heights, Mount Carmel, Samaria, and the Judean mountains [Judaean Hills / Hebron Hills]" (Dor & al. 2013: 1, 2).

Central District: "Sharon Plain" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215); "Corola covers with curly hair, Few flowers on eacs Inflorescence | Hashfela, Beyt Gimal | Photo by Yonatan Roness 19.04.2020; Hashfela, Beyt Gimal | Photo by Yonatan Roness 19.04.2020" (Danin & Fragman-Sapir 2016+, sub O. palaestina, [white stigma!]).

Haifa District: "Mt. Carmel" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215); "Mount Carmel" (Dor & al. 2013: 1, 2).

Jerusalem District: "Hierosolymae [Jerusalem] (Roth exs. 494!)" (Boissier 1884: 506, sub O. Palaestina [according to Beck 1890: 247 et Beck 1930: 202 it corresponds to O. picridis]); "Jerusalem (D)" (Post 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii).

North District (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215)

Lower Galilee: "Nº 217 / Tiberias / 2.6.20 / Orobanche palaestina / Reut. / Collectors: Jos. Carmin / and N. Sitzer" (US 1029741- gbif.org/occurrence/2625887108; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2021 [O. crenata]); "Upper and Lower Galilee" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215); Lower Galilee / Date Picture Taken: 01.05.06 07:11:15 by Danny Joel (inflorescence [parasitizing Silybum marianum, Lower Galilee] (Danin & Fragman-Sapir 2016+, sub O. palaestina, [white stigma?]); "near Shimshit in the Jezreel Valley" (Dor & al. 2013: 1, 2 f. 1 "Orobanche palaestina Reut. parasitizing thistle (Notobasis syriaca L.) in its native habitat in the Jezreel Valley, Israel"); "bracts much longer than corolla | Lower Galilee, E of Rehasim | Photo by Bar Shemesh 6.4.2016; many flowered spiek | Lower Galilee, Rehasim | Photo by Bar Shemesh 6.4.201" (Danin & Fragman-Sapir 2016+, sub O. palaestina, [white stigma!]).

Upper Galilee: "Upper and Lower Galilee" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215); "מקום הצילום: הגליל העליון, ליד משגב-עם / 08/04/10 [Upper Galilee, near Misgav]" (flowers in Flora of Israel Online, accessed Dec 2013 [white stigma?]); Merom HaGalil Regional Council [32°58'21.9"N 35°26'57.0"E] 21 Apr 2017 (inaturalist.org/observations/21668753 - gbif.org/occurrence/3117783317 by Ron Frumkin in iNaturalist; accessed May 2021 [on Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. ?]); "HaZafon, IL [32°58'17.1"N 35°17'39.8"E, near Kisra-Sumei]", 27 Mar 2019 (inaturalist.org/observations/21668699 by Ron Frumkin in iNaturalist; accessed May 2021).

Southern District: "Philistean Plain" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215).

West Bank / Cisjordan

Jericho Governorate: "Plantae Palestinae / Maris Mortui / Orobanche speciosa DC. / In hortis / Jericho / 250 m / 17 mar. 1903 / Nº 536 / let. et determ. J.E. Dinsmore / The americam colony, Jerusalem."  (data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817594 - L 2817594.jpg - europeana.eu/es/item/11651/_Botany_L_2817594; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2021 [O. palaestina on Cirsium phyllocephalum Boiss. & Blanche ?]).

Nablus Governorate: "Orobanche / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier / Naplouse [Nablus / Sichen / Shechem / Škem / Νeapolis]" (G 00150142 - n° SIB 186980/4, type of O. palaestina); "In Palaestinâ prope Naplouse ... (Boissier!)" (Reuter 1847: 718, loc. class. of O. palaestina); "Palaestina: prope Naplouse et circa Banias (Leg. Boissier), no vidi" (Beck 1890: 258, sub O. palaestina); "Shechem" (Post 1896: 604); "Palaestina: bei Naplouse und Banias (O. palaestina Boiss.!)" (Beck 1930: 197, sub O. grisebachii); "Palästina: bei Naplouse und Banias (Boissier; nicht gesehen)" (Beck 1930: 216, sub O. palaestina); "Garizim [Mount Gerizim, near Nablus (Shechem), West Bank], Bâniyâs (Bo)" (Post 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii); "Samaria" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215).

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Jordan / اَلأُرْدُنّ / Al-'Urdunn / Jordanie / Jordania / Jordanien [unconfirmed] (Heller & Heyn 1987)

O. palaestina, "near Taybiah [Taybeh?, West Bank, near Jerusalem]" (Musselman 2007 [these photos do not seem to correspond to O. palaestina]); "Previously unreported hosts for both genera include: Amygdalus communis, Olea europaea, and Quercus coccifera, which were parasitized by Orobanche palaestina [very doubtful host-plants]" (Qasem 2009).

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Lebanon / Líbano / Liban

Beirut Governorate: Leb. [Lebanon] Beirut (Bn. 12235)" (Post 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii).

Mount Lebanon Governorate: Aatchane [33°54'44.5"N 35°39'02.1"E], Lebanon (inaturalist.org/observations/78952657 by Ramy Maalouf in iNaturalist; accessed May 2021 [O. palaestina on Cirsium phyllocephalum Boiss. & Blanche ?]).

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Spain / España / Espagne / Spanien [in error for O. ballotae]

Jaén (J): "Campanario, vert. S., 1200 m, 3-VII-25" (Cuatrecasas 1929: 429, sub O. minor var. palestina (Reut.) Pau (Pujadas & al. 2007: 121, this record seems to correspond to O. ballotae)).

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Syria / Sūriyya / Sūryā / Siria / Syrien (Reuter 1847: 718, sub O. Palaestina; 1890: 258, sub O. palaestina; Beck 1930: 197, sub O. grisebachii; Beck 1930: 216, sub O. palaestina; Zare & al. 2009: 150)

Golan Heights / Syrian Golan

"Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / circa Banias / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier" (G 00150143 - n° SIB 186980/3, type of O. palaestina); "Orobanche Palaestina Reut. / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846, E. Boissier / Rascheya [Mt HermonBanias  Naplouse" (G 00192012 - n° SIB 186980/1); "circa Banias [Banias / Paneas, next to Mount Hermon, Golan Heights] (Boissier!)" (Reuter 1847: 718, loc. class. of O. palaestina); "Palaestina: prope Naplouse et circa Banias (Leg. Boissier), no vidi; in valle flum. Jordan [Jordan Valley] (leg. Tschichatscheff), herb. Petrop.!" (Beck 1890: 258, sub O. palaestina); "Banias" (Post 1896: 604, sub O. palaestina); "Palaestina: bei Naplouse und Banias (O. palaestina Boiss.!)" (Beck 1930: 197, sub O. grisebachii); "Palästina: bei Naplouse und Banias (Boissier; nicht gesehen); im Tale des Jordan-Flusses [Jordan Valley] (Tschichatscheff in Herb. Petersburg!)" (Beck 1930: 216, sub O. palaestina); "Garizim [Mount Gerizim, near Nablus (Shechem), West Bank], Bâniyâs (Bo)" (Post 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii); "Golan, Moav" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 215); Golan Heights, 32°55'00.2"N 35°41'52.1"E, 5 Apr 2019 (inaturalist.org/observations/22013704 - gbif.org/occurrence/2236214213 by giladg in iNaturalist; accessed May 2021).

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Turkey / Türkiye / Turquía [unconfirmed] (Boissier 1884: 506, sub O. Palaestina; Zare & al. 2009: 150, sub O. palaestina)

Hatay Province: "Antakya [C5]: Samandağ 3 km from Çevlik to Keldağ, on seashore, 36º 05’ 571’’ N 035º 56’ 371’’ E, 0 m, 26. vii. 2009, A. A. Dönmez 15970 [Hacettepe University (HUB)]", on Eryngium maritimum L." (Zare & al. 2009: 150, sub O. palaestina [photography, habitat, host plant and stigma color do not agree with O. palaestina]).

Kahramanmaraş Province [unconfirmed]: "ad Physocaulem nodosam [Physocaulis nodosus (L.) W.D.J. Koch Myrrhoides nodosa (L.) Cannon] et Anthriscum macrosperman [Anthriscus macrocarpa Boiss. & Heldr. = A. nemorosa (M. Bieb.) Spreng.] prope Marasch [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş] Syriae (Haussk!)" (Boissier 1884: 506, sub O. Palaestina); "Marasch" (Post 1896: 604); "on Physocaulos nod. [Physocaulis nodosus (L.) W.D.J. Koch Myrrhoides nodosa (L.) Cannon] and Anthriscus [Anthriscus macrocarpa Boiss. & Heldr. = A. nemorosa (M. Bieb.) Spreng.] ... No. Mar'sch [Kahramanmaraş / Maraş], N. of Kasab [Syria], Aintab [Gaziantep / Ayntab / Antep]" (Post 1933: 315, sub O. grisebachii).

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