Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 5 March 2021


Accepted Name:

Phelipanche pulchella (C.A. Mey.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972).

Basionymum / Basionym:

Phelypaea pulchella C.A. Mey. in Eichw., Pl. Nov. It. Casp.-Cauc.: 17, t. 18 (1831)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche pulchella (C.A. Mey.) Novopokr. in Grossh., Opred. Rast. Kavk.: 354 (1949)

Orobanche aegytiaca var. typica f. pulchella (C.A. Mey.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 102 (1890) ["Variat: ... α. typica ... Formas ... 4. (Orobanche) pulchella"]

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Heterotypic synonyms:

? = Orobanche longiflora Trevir. in Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 7: 150 t. 2 f. 10, 11 (1816) [nom. illeg.], non Orobanche longiflora Pers., Syn. Pl. 2(1): 181 (1806). Syn.: Phelypaea longiflora (Trevir.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 632 (1838) [nom. illeg.]; = Phelypaea macrantha var. venosa K. Koch in Linnaea 22: 661 (1849) (Beck 1890: 102); = Orobanche aegyptiaca var. typica f. rectiflora Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 102 (1890) (Beck 1890: 102, "vidi orig."); Kopsia longiflora sensu auct., non Pers. (1806) nec Dumort. (1822); – Phelypaea longiflora sensu C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831), non Phelypaea longiflora (Pers.) C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831 [Nov-Dec 1831]) (Ledebour 1849: 311, "Phelypaea longiflora ... excl. synon. Pers."); Orobanche longiflora sensu Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 47, t. 695 f. 932 (1829), non Orobanche longiflora Pers., Syn. Pl. 2(1): 181 (1806) (Ledebour 1849: 311 "Ind. cauc. p. 104"; Beck 1890: 102, "Enum. pl. caucas."); = Phelypaea arenaria F.W. de "Noë, exs. or. a. 1844. 74" [nom. illeg.] (Nyman 1881: 557). Ind. loc.: "Sareptae leg. ill. Erdmann" [Sarepta (German settlement-colony found in 1765 now part of Volgograd / Tsaritsyn / Stalingrad, Volgograd Oblast), Southeast of the European part of Russia / Rusia] (Reichenbach 1829: 47, "Treviran. Act. Berol. 1813. II. t. 2. f. 10."; Ledebour 1849: 311); "H. Native of Siberia, at the Volga" (Don 1838: 632); "In agro Astrachanico provenit [Astrakhan, Volga region, Russia / Rusia]" (Walpers 1844-45: 458; Ledebour 1849: 311, "Blun pl. exs., Precot ex Reuter"); "provincia Talüsch [mountain Talüsch, Azerbaijan, southeast Caucasus] (C.A. Meyer, Hohenack.)" (Ledebour, 1849: 311). Obs. ? = Phelipanche arenaria (Borkh.) Pomel (1874) [Orobanche longiflora sensu Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 47, t. 695 f. 932. 1829 (Reichenbach fil., 1862: 86, "Forsan etiam Orobanche longiflora P. Rchb. Crit. VII. DCXCV")]; ? = Phelipanche pulchella (C.A. Mey.) Soják (1972) (Greuter & al. 1989: 256), this species is treated by Greuter & al. (1989) as conespecific with Orobanche aegyptiaca, but according to Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev (1958[2000]: 44[54], 48[62], t. 4, f.1) it is a different species and we think in the same way (P. pulchella is a very different species).

? = Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 107 (1874) (Greuter & al. 1989: 256). Obs. from our point of view, however, it is morphologically very different to P. pulchella.

? = Orobanche caucasica Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 34[-35] (1922) (Novopokrovskii 1947 [in sched.]; Grosshein 1949). Syn.: Phelipanche caucasica (Beck) Sojak ex Teryokhin (1993); = Phelipanche bungeana (Beck) Soják (1972) (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 55; Piwowarczyk & al. 2017: 122). Ind. loc.: "– Georgia [Georgia, Caucasus / Caucas]: distr. Tiflis [Tbilisi] prope Borjom 3000-5000’ s.m., m. Junio 1888 (Akinfiew); Karabagh prope Schuscha [Shusha, Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan, Caucasus / Caucas] et Gerjusy m. Junio 1893 (Lipsky) in forma floribus inferioribus saepe paulo pedicellatis, calycis dentibus paulo latioribus: prov. Kars distr. Olty [Kars, Oltu / Olty, Erzurum Province (Turkey)] prope Käsi-Köpri m. Majo 1904 (E. Koenig) . – Persia bor. occid.: Diliman in Lapidosis ad pedem montis Kanaru ad radices Artemisiae inter Sorgul [Kolodets Sorgul (Kazakhstan)] et Gawilan in arvis, m. Junio 1884 (J.A. Knapp), Tebris [Tabriz, East Azarbaijan Province (Iran)] prope Isperechan in graminosis m. Julio 1884 (J.A. Knapp in Herb. Univ. Vindob.).". Obs. According to our opinion, they are morphologically very different to P. pulchella (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017: 122).

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? = Phelypaea aegytiaca var. amalicetorum Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 717 (1847) ["γ Amalicetorum"]. Syn.: ? = Orobanche aegytiaca var. typica f. pulchella (Beck 1890: 102; Beck 1930: 84). Ind. loc.: "in Palaestinae [Israel and the Palestinian territories] planitie Amalecitorum [territories of Amalekites, Negev?] (Boissier!)" Obs. "Tota planta viscoso-hirsuta. An sp. propia? (v. s. a cl. Boiss. comm.)"

? = Phelypaea macrantha var. venosa K. Koch in Linnaea 22: 661 (1849) ["β"]. Ind. loc.: "Von Wilhelms aus Grusien [Georgia] erhalten"

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? = Orobanche aegytiaca var. typica f. rectiflora in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 102 (1890) ["Variat: ... α. typica ... Formas ... 3. (Orobanche) rectiflora"]

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Misapplied names:

? – Phelypaea longiflora sensu C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831), non Phelypaea longiflora (Pers.) C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831 [Nov-Dec 1831]) (Beck 1890: 102, "Enum. pl. caucas."; Ledebour 1849: 311 "Ind. cauc. p. 104")

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Ind. loc.: "Hab. in Imeritia [Imeretiya / Imereti, Georgia]" (Eichwald 1831: 17; Piwowarczyk & al. 2017: 122); "In Imeritiâ [Imeretiya / Imereti, Georgia]" (Reuter 1847: 5, sub Phelipaea pulchella); "Described from southern Georgia (LE)" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958[2000]: 54).

Typus / Type: "Lectotype (designated here): Georgia. Imeritia [Imeretiya / Imereti], Eichwald s.n. [herb. Ledebour] (LE!)" [re.herbariumle.ru/01015364 - LE 1015364.jpg]. Note: The LE sheet contains three specimens, the lectotype being the hairy specimen on the right-hand side of the sheet and marked with the letter "b", the other two glabrous specimens do not represent this species (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017: 122). "In  Imeritia [Imeretiya / Imereti] / legit cel: Dr.: Eichwald / Acc. 1827 / ..." (re.herbariumle.ru/01015365 - LE 01015365, syntype).

Designated by: Piwowarczyk & al. in Ann. Bot. Fennici 54: 122 (2017 [4 Apr 2017]).

Host: Elisanthe noctiflora (L.) Rupr. [Silene noctiflora L. (Caryophyllaceae)] (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 55; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009). The host-plant needs to be confirmed by further studies.

Comments:

Taxonomic observation: it is relatively morphologically similar to Phelipanche bungeana, P. coelestis, P. cilicica, P. nowackiana (P. rechingeri), Phelypaea longiflora sensu C.A. Mey. (1831), non Pers. (1806). But, all of the species in this group require new researches about their taxonomic position within the genus Phelipanche.

Morphological observations: "tota albo-lanata, cauli simplici humili tenuissimo, spicâ pauciflorâ" (Boissier 1879: 496, sub P. pulchella).

Chromosomatic number: n = 12; 2n = 24 (diakinesis) (Schneeweiss & al. 2004: 441, 443 f. 2 "(R) pulchella, 2n = 24 (diakinesis)").

Ic.: a, Lectotype: LE - herb. Ledebour (Imeretiya / Imereti, Georgia); b, P 02968079 - Petropolitani (Imeretiya / Imereti, Georgia); c, Novopokrovskii et Tzvelev, 1958: 48[62], t. 4, f.1; d, P 02968079 - Petropolitani vs. Novopokrovskii et Tzvelev, 1958: 62, t. 4, f.1; e, flowers of the types of Phelipanche sp. (P. pulchella vs. coelestis vs. nowackiana vs. tzvelevii).

Distribution: its distribution is not well known, because it has frequently been confused with other species. Caucasus / Caucas and surrounding area (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 44[54]). Distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube 2010).

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien / Arménie / Әрмәнстан / Армения [Caucasus / Cáucaso]

Syunik / Siunik / Siwnik: Megri District of the Armenian SSR [Meghru Shrjan / Megrinskiy Rayon / Megrinskii Distt.] (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 45[55], on Elisanthe noctiflora (L.) Rupr. [Silene noctiflora L., Caryophyllaceae Juss.]).

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaďdjan [former Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic [Azerbaijan SSR] / Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика [Азербайджанская CCP] [Caucasus / Cáucaso] [need be confirmed] (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 44[54]; Karjagin 1957)

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Georgia / Sakartvelo / Georgien / Géorgie / Грузия (former Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic [Georgian SSR] / Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика [Грузинская ССР]) [Caucasus / Cáucaso] (Eichwald 1831: 17, loc. class. of P. pulchella; Reuter 1847: 5, sub Phelypaea pulchella C.A. Mey.; Boissier 1879: 497, sub P. pulchella; Beck 1890: 115, O. aegytiaca var. typica f. pulchella)

Imeretiya / Imereti: "Lectotype (designated here): Georgia. Imeritia [Imeretiya / Imereti], Eichwald s.n. [herb. Ledebour] (LE!) [herb. Ledebour] (LE!) [re.herbariumle.ru/01015364 - LE 1015364.jpg]" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017: 122, lectotype of P. pulchella); "In  Imeritia [Imeretiya / Imereti] / legit cel: Dr.: Eichwald / Acc. 1827 / ..." (re.herbariumle.ru/01015365 - LE 01015365, syntype); "Hab. in Imeritia [Imeretiya / Imereti]" (Eichwald 1831: 17, loc. class. of P. pulchella); "Ex herbario horti Petropolitani / Phelipaea coelestis Reut. / Imeritia [Imeretiya / Imereti]"] / Szovits [Szovits O.J.] (P 02968079 [Reçu le 16 Avril 1880]; rev. as P. pulchella by Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011 (Reuter 1847: 5, sub Phelypaea pulchella C.A. Mey.)); "Imeritiâ (Eichw.)" (Boissier 1879: 497, sub P. pulchella); "f. 1—3 Szovits in itinere suo persico, quorum plantae in herb. Petrop. conservantur" (Beck 1890: 115, O. aegytiaca var. typica f. pulchella).

Mtskheta-Mtianeti: "Georgia, Great Caucasus, valley of river Terek (Tergi), between Acchoti, Panseti [P’anshet’i / Pancheti] and Kasbegi [Kazbegi district / Qazbegi district / Stepantsminda district], 1750-1780 m a.s.l. N 42° 39' 07'' E 44° 38' 04'' WU: S&T 8581 (20.VII.2002: G. Schneeweiss, AT, MS, PS)" (Schneeweiss & al., 2004: Supplementary Data 1 Page 10); "AY209326: Georgia, province of Chewi (Khevi, Chevi), Great Caucasus, Terek valley, 1-2 km S of Gerget‘i, that is towards the village P’anshet’i [Kazbegi district / Qazbegi district / Stepantsminda district], 1750-1850 m, G. Schneeweiss (WU: s.n.); AY960741: Georgia, province of Chewi (Khevi, Chevi), Great Caucasus, Terek valley, 1-2 km S of Gerget‘i, that is towards the village P’anshet’i [Kazbegi district / Qazbegi district / Stepantsminda district], 1750-1850 m, G. Schneeweiss (WU: S&T 5610)" (Carlón & al., 2005: 67, sub P. pulchella); photo in Ilia State University (ISU), accesed Nov 2013.

Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti: "Hab. in provinciis caucasicis [Iberia, Imerelia! Mingrelia (Caucasian Iberia, Imeretiya / Imereti, Mingrelia / Samegrelo) (Eichvv.)]" (Ledebour 1849: 311).

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Russia / Россия / Rossiya / Rusia / Russie / Russland - Ukraine / Ucrania / Ukrayina / Україна / Украи́н [need be confirmed]

North Caucasus / Ciscaucasia / Се́верный Кавка́з (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 44[54]; Domina & Raab-Straube 2010)

Dagestan / Респу́блика Дагеста́н / Respublika Dagestan (Murtazaliev 2009)

Crimean Peninsula / Кры́мский полуо́стров / Кри́мський піво́стрів

Crimean Federal District / Кры́мский федера́льный о́круг - Sevastopol / Севасто́поль / Севасто́польl

Sevastopol / Севасто́поль / Севасто́польl: "Фелипанхе ветвистая / Phelipanche ramosa / (Севастополь, бух.Солёная, 17.05.09)" (photo 1, 2 in Flora Crimea; accessed 2012); "Цветущее растение. Крым, Севастополь, бух. Солёная. 23 мая 2011 г." (plantarium.ru/page/image/id/117447.html by Павел Евсеенков [Paul Evseenkov], 2012; растение определил(а) Евгений Киреев [Evgeny Kireev], sub P. mutelii, in Plantarium; accessed 2012).

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References.

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