Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 5 August 2019


Accepted Name:

Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 103 (1874) [Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 11: 103 (1874 [post 10 Mar 1874])]

Basionymum / Basionym:

Orobanche ramosa L., Sp. Pl.: 633 (1753)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Kopsia ramosa (L.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 16 (1822), nom. rejic. (ICNB - Tokyo Code, Index Kopsia - 6626 Angiospermae, Dicotyledones, Metachlamydeae 6165-9629, accessed Feb 2006; Vienna Code, 2006 Appendix III Nomina generica conservanda et rejicienda - E3. Dicotyledones, accessed Jun 2009). Obs. "K. ramosa Dum (3), ... (3) Orobanche ramosa, C. Mey.— Nunca vi exemplares portuguêses ..." (sec. Sampaio, Lista Esp. Herb. Portug.: 116. 1913 [of course, we think Sampaio was probably right])

Phelypaea ramosa (L.) C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831)

Orobanche ramosa var. genuina Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 88 (1890) ["Variat: ... α. genuina = Orobanche ramosa L."], nom. illeg. (Art 24.3)

Orobanche ramosa f. genuina (Beck) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 72 (1930), nom. illeg. (Art 24.3)

inicio / top of page

Heterotypic synonyms:

? = Orobanche micrantha Wallr. Sched. Crit.: 315 (1822). Syn.: = Orobanche Flore Minore, Hirsuto purpurascente, Chabrey, Stirpium icones et sciagraphia: 257 f. 2 (1677), pre-Linnaean name, not validly published ["Legumen"]; = "Orobanche minor, purpureis floribus, ramosa Chabraei p. 257" (Chabrey, Stirpium icones et sciagraphia: 257. 1677)], Ruppius, Flora jenensis [3 ed.]: 238 (1745) (Wallroth, 1824: 315; Skočdopolová & Chrtek, 2008: 28, "have not yet been found in the herbarium PR"). Obs. see P. nana

= Orobanche du chanvre Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 67 [-69, t. 16] (1827), nom. inv. [name was not validly published]. Syn.: Orobanche cannabis Duby, Bot. Gall.: 351 (1828), pro syn.; Orobanche cannabios F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830) ["29. O. Cannabios (O. ramosa Auct.)"], pro syn. Ind. loc.: "répandue dans toute l'Europe, croît sur le chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.]" (Wallroth, 1822: 315, "Ad Cannabeos Sativae [Cannabis sativa L.] radicen parasiticam ubertin viget prope Wiehe, Hechendorf et alibi. Jul."; Reichenbach, 1829: 48, "Omnium vulgatissima per omnem fere Europam sparsa ... in Cannabi nempe et Nicotianae")

= Orobanche cannabis Duby, Bot. Gall.: 351 (1828), pro syn. Syn.: Orobanche du chanvre Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 67 (1827). Obs. "in agris parasitica Cannabi sativae [Cannabis sativa L.]" (Duby, 1828: 351)

= Orobanche cannabios F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830) ["29. O. Cannabios (O. ramosa Auct.)"], pro syn. Syn.: Orobanche du chanvre Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 67 (1827). Obs. "Orobanche ramosa L. auf Hanf [Cannabis sativa L.], Kartoffeln [Solanum tuberosum L.] und Tabak [Nicotiana tabacum L.]" (Schultz, 1830: 504)

inicio / top of page

= Orobanche ramosa var. polyclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825). Syn.: Kopsia ramosa var. typica f. polyclonos (Wallr.) Bég., Fl. Italia 2: 471 ( 1902); = Orobanche Minor Purpureis Floribus, ramosa, Chabrey, Stirpium icones et sciagraphia: 257 f. 3 (1677), nom. inval. ["in agris Cannabi"]; = Orobanche ramosa L., Sp. Pl.: 633 (1753) (Wallroth, 1824: 315, 1825: 64)

= Orobanche ramosa var. monoclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825). Syn.: Kopsia ramosa var. typica f. monoclonos (Wallr.) Bég., Fl. Italia 2: 471 ( 1902); Phelypaea ramosa var. monoclonos (Wallr.) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 159 (1909); = Orobanche ramosa var. genuina f. monoclonos (Wallr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 88 (1890); = Orobanche ramosa var. simplex Noulet, Fl. Bass. Sous-pyrén.: 490 (1837) (Beck, 1890: 89; Rouy, 1909: 159; Piwowarczyk, 2012: 54, sub O. ramosa)

= Orobanche ramosa var. simplex Noulet, Fl. Bass. Sous-pyrén.: 490 (1837) ["ε. A Tige simple. Simplex. Nob."]. Syn.: = Orobanche ramosa var. monoclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825) (Beck, 1890: 89; Rouy, 1909: 159). Ind. loc. [Orobanche ramosa L.]: "H. Les champs sur les racines de chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] et de tabac [Nicotiana tabacum L.]. C. Toulouse [Midi-Pyrénées, Haute-Garonne, France]: dans les cultures de tabac, entre l'emboucure du Cana du Midi et le port de Blagnac"

inicio / top of page

= Orobanche ramosa var. genuina f. monoclonos (Wallr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 88 (1890). Syn.: Orobanche ramosa var. monoclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825) (Beck, 1890: 89; Rouy, 1909: 159)

= Kopsia ramosa var. typica f. polyclonos (Wallr.) Bég., Fl. Italia 2: 471 (1902) ["a. polyclonos Nob."], nom. rejic. Syn.: Orobanche ramosa var. polyclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825). Obs. Béguinot (1902) did not have a clear concept of Kopsia ramosa var. typica and he confused it with similar species

= Kopsia ramosa var. typica f. monoclonos (Wallr.) Bég., Fl. Italia 2: 471 (1902) ["b. monoclonos Nob."]. Syn.: Orobanche ramosa var. monoclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825)

inicio / top of page

Misapplied names:

Orobanche mutelii var. interrupta sensu Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 80 (1930) [p.p.], non Orobanche interrupta Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 181 (1806) [O. mutelii var. interrupta (Pers.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 80 (1930)], nec Orobanche ramosa sensu Thunb., Fl. Cap.: 454 (1825). Ind. loc.: "...cum formae intermediae ad ultimam transeuntes in Colonia Eritrea, Abessinia et in terris nubicis adsint ... In der Kolonie Eritrea: Bogos bei Keren [Cheren / Sanhit], Habab Nafko (circ. 16° nördl. Br., Hildebrandt!) [Eritrea Nile Land Habab, Hildebrandt, 511, partly]. — Abessinien (nach Dillon et Petit n. 238). — Somaliland: an der Tajura-Bucht (nach Lord) [French Somaliland Nile Land Gulf of Tajura, Lord!], im Meid [Maydh, Sanaag] Serrut Gebirge bei 1800 m, im April 1875 angeblich auf Ficus sycomorus (Hildebrandt!)."

Orobanche ramosa var. interrupta sensu Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 89 (1890) [p.p.], non Orobanche interrupta Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 181 (1806) [O. ramosa var. interrupta (Pers.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 89 (1890)], nec Orobanche ramosa sensu Thunb., Fl. Cap.: 454 (1825). Ind. loc.: "In territorio ... et Abessynia ... Abessynia (β. in territ. Bogos pr. Keren; pr. Habab Nafka [l. Hildebrandt nr. 511], aliis locis [l. Dill, et Petit nr. 238])"

inicio / top of page


Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Europae siccis" (Linnaeus, 1753: 633).

Lectotypus / Lectotype: 1. "Orobanche ramosa floribus ... ramosa". 2. "2 // p. 321 Orobanche 2 [Europe, Netherlands. Cultivated material from the garden of George Clifford III: Hartekamp Garden, Holland (Jstor, accessed May 2018)]" (BM 000646204) (The Natural History Museum, accessed Sep 2005). "Hort. cliff. 321" (Linnaeus, 1753: 633).

Designated by: M.J.Y. Foley in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 58: 231 (2001).

Host: P. ramosa is usually parasitic on cultivated alien species of Solanaceae and Cannabaceae, more rarely on other families (Piwowarczyk, 2012: 54, sub O. ramosa; Gibot-Leclerc & al., 2012; Gibot-Leclerc & al., 2013; Piwowarczyk & al., 2019: 46, sub P. ramosa; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed May 2019).

Comments:

Historical observation: species whose native status is uncertain. Archaeophyte?, probably introduced with the cultivation of Cannabis sp. (Companyo, 1864: 512, "en 1852 ... graines de chanvre géant apportées de la Chine par M. Itier", sub P. ramosa); (Piwowarczyk, 2012: 53, "The species probably travelled to Central Europe from Asia with hemp crops ca. 500 BC (Kreutz, 1995; Pusch and Günther, 2009)."). It was formerly widely recorded from the Iberian Peninsula and from the rest of Europe (Reichenbach, 1829: 48, "Omnium vulgatissima per omnem fere Europam sparsa ... in Cannabi nempe et Nicotianae"). Although nowadays we think that many of these records could be due to mistakes with allied species (e.g., P. nana). Today it is extinct in most parts of Iberian Peninsula, although it remains as a pestilent weed in many crops from Andalucia.

Phylogenetic observations: "The dramatic spread of root holoparasite Orobanche ramosa L. (branched broomrape) has been observed in the last few years in France in fields of Brassica napus L., Nicotiana tabacum L., and Cannabis sativa L. ... These results led to the concept of host specificity and suggestions about the existence of three different pathovars in O. ramosa. Analysis of genetic variability of the three O. ramosa populations by PCR of RAPD markers confirmed that they may be considered as three distinct pathovars." (Brault & al., 2007). "Phylogenetic relationships" (Carlón & al., 2008: 12 f. 1).

Relative taxa:

Phelipanche schweinfurthii (Beck) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972). Syn.:  Orobanche schweinfurthii Beck (1890);  Orobanche ramosa var. schweinfurthii (Beck) Hadidy (1995). Ind. loc.: "Aegyptus, ubi c. d. Schweinfurth prope Abu Sabel, locum versus marginem fluminis Nili Delta situm, detexit; Algier (leg. Bove in herb. Petrop. [LE])". Host: "Crescit ad radices Trifolii alexandrini L. plurimum in radice primaria accreta". Herbarium Specimens: 1. "Recd. 8/80 / Phelipaea ramosa L / Nº 262 var. Trifolii alexandrini / Abu Sabel. Kleefelde [cloverfield] / im Culturlande am oestlichen Rande des Deltas / (Aegypten [Egypt]) / 1 April 1880 ges von Dr. G. Schweinfurth". 2. "Orobanche schweinfurthii Beck / type! [m. Beck]" (K 000425146 - 90303; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019, syntype ["Exsiccatae. Schweinfurth, Pl. exsicc. Aegypt. (1880) n. 262!" (Beck, 1930: 74)]); 1. "Auf Ammi Visnaga / fl. albo vel / lilacino / Recd. 8/80 / Nº 265 Phelipaea ramosa L / Tel el Tahudieh / im Culturlande am oestlichen Rande des Deltas / (Aegypten [Egypt]) / 1 April 1880 ges von Dr. G. Schweinfurth". 2. "Orobanche schweinfurthii [m. Beck?]" (K 000425147 - 90304; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019 (Beck, 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa)); "Orobanche schweinfurthii G. Beck / Mittelägypten, Niltal, E-Ufer des Nils / unter der Necropolis Beni Hasan, ca / 20 km S von el-Minya, Sanddünen am / Nilufer, auf Trifolium alexandrinum / 9.4.1982 / leg, det: I. Weis & P. Pilsl" (Herb Pilsl Peter 004438 - herbarium.univie.ac.at ID=1328408; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019 [this taxon is very close to P. ramosa]).

Chromosomatic number: n = 12, 2n = 24 (Palomeque & Sañudo, 1981: 508; Schneeweiss & al., 2004: 441).

Ic.: a, BM 000646204 The George Clifford Herbarium (lectotypus) [The Natural History Museum (accessed Sep 2005)]; b, habit [on Nicotiana tabacum L.; Pedro Ruiz, Spain]; c, herb. Sánchez Pedraja P. nana 10560 vs. P. ramosa 10956B et 10955B (ib.); d, MA 114735 (on Cannabis sativa L., Palazuelos, Spain); e, MA 294135 (Oltenia, Romania); f, (sub Orobanche ramosa L. [USDA] accessed Feb 2006 [p.p., the photographs taken by Luigi Rignanese are not P. ramosa, they correspond to P. mutelii and P. nana]); g, (sub Phelypaea ramosa (L.) C.A. Meyer. HYPPA [INRA-Dijon] accessed Feb 2006).

Distribution: Distribution Maps (CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019) [it is often confused with similar species (e.g., P. nana or P. aegyptiaca), for this reason its distribution needs to be revised]; Parker (Figure 8 World distribution of O. ramosa and O. aegyptiaca). Distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010). Iberian Peninsula distribution.

inicio / top of page



Specimens examined and literature records.

Abyssinia / Abisinia / Abyssinie / Abessinien / Ethiopian Empire [Eritrea, Ethiopia] - Horn of Africa [Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia] (Reuter, 1847: 8, sub Phelipaea ramosa; Beck, 1890: 89, sub O. ramosa var. interrupta; Beck, 1890: 91, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 80, sub O. mutelii var. interrupta [more research is required to clarify that this is true]

"Herbarium Runau / Orobanche ramosa L. / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Abyssinie / Hiea 21 [?] 1839 / ... Dillon et Petit" [Richard Quartin-Dillon et Antoine Petit]" (P 02970673 - hb. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013 (cf.)); "Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Orobanche ramosa L. / Phelipaea aegyptiaca Walp. / Voyage de M. Quartin-Dillon en Abyssinie. Kiea [Hiea] / 10" (P 02970729; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013 (cf.)); "Abyssiniâ (Dillon ! in h. mus. Paris.)" (Reuter, 1847: 8, sub Phelipaea ramosa); "Crescit in arvis cultis Abyssinise, in planitie montosa provincial Chire [Ch’īrē, Oromia Region, Ethiopia], et prope Hiea (Quartin Dillon)" (Lefévre & al., 1847-1851 in Tentamen Florae Abyssinicae); "Orobanche interrupta Persoon, Enchirid. II, p. 180 (1807) ... / ... In territorio ... et Abessynia ... Abessynia (β. in territ. Bogos pr. Keren [Cheren / Sanhit / Senhait, Eritrea]; pr. Habab Nafka [Nakfa, Northern Red Sea, Eritrea] [l. Hildebrandt nr. 511], aliis locis [l. Dill, et Petit nr. 238])" (Beck, 1890: 89-91, sub O. ramosa var. interrupta); "Eritrea: Massaua [Massawa / Massaoua, Northern Red Sea] (Ehrenberg), Ha Masen auf dem Berge Bizen 2480 m im Jänner (A. Fiori in Herb. Levier), nicht ganz typisch. Abessinien: nach Stapf in Th. Dyer, Fl. trop. Africa IV. 2. (1906) 465, bei Hiea (Quartin-Dillon), nicht gesehen, wahrscheinlich zu interrupta gehörig" (Beck, 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa); "In der Kolonie Eritrea: Bogos bei Keren [Cheren / Sanhit], Habab Nafko [Nakfa, Northern Red Sea, Eritrea] (circ. 16° nördl. Br., Hildebrandt!) [Eritrea Nile Land Habab, Hildebrandt, 511, partly]. — Abessinien (nach Dillon et Petit n. 238). — Somaliland: an der Taju ra-Bucht (nach Lord) [French Somaliland Nile Land Gulf of Tajura, Lord!], im Meid [Maydh, Sanaag] Serrut Gebirge bei 1800 m, im April 1875 angeblich auf Ficus sycomorus (Hildebrandt!)" (Beck, 1930: 80, sub O. mutelii var. interrupta); "Ex herb. A. de Franqueville. Reca V.65 / Phelipaea ramosa / ... / Shirch Province, Tacazze Valley [Tekezé River]. / Abyssinia / coll. Quartin-Dillon et Petit / 238 ... Avril 1840". 2. "ramosa / var. interrupta Beck Monogr. / p. 91 / cor. segm. ovate / subacute / * Tacazze". 3. "Orobanche ramosa var. ramosa / Det. R.A. Graham, 7.XI.1955" (K 000425145 - 90302; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2019, sub P. ramosa var. interrupta sensu Beck 1890, p.p.).

Note: The WAG herbarium specimens are not typical P. ramosa and they need to be revised: WAG 1141517, WAG 1141518, WAG 1141519, WAG 1141520, WAG 1141521, WAG 1141522, WAG 1141523, WAG 1141524, WAG 1141525, WAG 1141526, WAG 1141527, WAG 1141528, WAG 1141529, WAG 1141530.

inicio / top of page

Afghanistan / Afganistán (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 6, sub O. ramosa; Parker & Wilson, 1986 in CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019) [n.v.]

Kabul Province: "Afghania: E: Kabul: Farza S Istalif, 1850 m, Hdg. & Wdb. 3285!" (Schiman-Czeika, 1964: 6, sub O. ramosa).

inicio / top of page

Albania / Shqipëri / Shqipëria / Shqipnia (CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019)

inicio / top of page

Algeria / الجزائر‎/ Argelia / Algérie / Algerien (Greuter, 1989: 262, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa; Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada, 2017) [n.v.]

"Orobanche ramosa is present in the east and west." (Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada, 2017).

inicio / top of page

Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien / Arménie / Әрмәнстан / Армения (Piwowarczyk & al., 2019: 46-47, f. 11 I, sub P. ramosa)

inicio / top of page

Australia / Australie / Australien [unconfirmed] (Carlón & al., 2005: 66, sub  P. mutelii; Barker & al. 2005, sub O. ramosa; Panetta & Lawes, 2007, sub O. ramosa; APNI 657753 and O. ramosa in Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), accessed May 2018 [see P. mutelii]; O. ramosa in NSW WeedWise, accessed May 2018 [see P. mutelii]

South Australia (SA): South Australia (Panetta & Lawes, 2007); "Branched broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) poses the greatest threat to Australian crops and is only known to occur as an isolated infestation in the Murray Bridge area of South Australia ... Photos WeedImages 151 6 and WeedImages 219 6 - Photographer: Anna Williams, Courtesy Department of Water, Land and Biodiversity Conservation, SA" (O. ramosa in NSW WeedWise, accessed May 2018 [see P. mutelii]); photos 0846018 and DAFWA.jpg (O. ramosa in NSW WeedWise, accessed May 2018 [see P. mutelii].

inicio / top of page

Austria / Österreich / Autriche (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Aeschimann & al., 2004: 282, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa; Pusch, 2009: 20, sub O. ramosa)

Lower Austria / Niederösterreich: "Dr. C. Baenitz, Herbarium Europaeum. N.º .... / Orobanche ramosa L. / Austri infer.: In radicibus Cannabis sat. [Cannabis sativa L.] ad Seitenstetten / 500 m / leg. Strasser" (P 04384581 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); 1. "Flora Exsiccata austro-Hungarica. / 911. Orobanche ramosa. / ... / I. Austria inferior. In radicibus Cannabis sativae in cultis ad Seitenstetten / copiose; 500 mt. s. m. / Strasser. / II. Hungaria centralis. Kalocsa, in radicibus Cannabis sativae. / Haynald.". 2. "I" (PE 01476158; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019).

inicio / top of page

Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaïdjan (Meyer, 1831: 104, sub Phelipaea ramosa mihi; Karjagin, 1957; CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019)

"Frequens in campis inter Sallian et Lenkoran [Lankaran / Lənkəran] (Meyer, 1831: 104, sub Phelipaea ramosa mihi).

Nagorno-Karabakh / Artsakh / Dağlıq Qarabağ / Нагорный Карабах: Orobanche ramosa L., Regio autonoma Karabakh, Legnt.: V.A. et I.P. Petrov (MW 0717071; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018 [cf.]).

inicio / top of page

Belarus / Беларусь / Белоруссия / Bielorrusia / Biélorussie / Weißrussland (CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019)

inicio / top of page

Belgique / Belgium / België / Bélgica / Belgien (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Verloove, 2019, sub P. ramosa in Manual of the Alien Plants of Belgium, accessed May 2019)

Flemish Region / Vlaams Gewest / Flanders / Flandre / Flandes / Flamande

Limburg: "Herbier E. G. Camus / Herbier Alphonse Lunet / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / 1. Cortessem [Kortessem] (Belgique) / n.º 174 exsicc. van heurck / legit van den Born. dedit B. Bailliere / ..." (P 04215450; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Oost-Vlaanderen / East Flanders / Flandre-Orientale / Ostflandern: "Nº 148   Kickxia Belgica, par A. Thielens et A. Devos.— Cent. II, 1866. / ... / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Meyer ... / ... Parasite sur le Chanvre (Cannabis sativa L.) / Environs de Termonde [Dendermonde] (Flandre Orient.). / Août 1866. / Dr. Westendorp" (P 04215452; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); idem (PE 01476167; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019); "Ex Herb. Arm. Thielens. / Tirlemont (Belgium). // Herbier Cap. Lenars / A Anvers. / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey / Grembergen L Termonde [Grembergen-lez-Termonde / Grembergen near Dendermonde] / ... 63 [1863]" (P 04242443; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

inicio / top of page

Bosnia and Herzegovina / Bosnia y Herzegovina / Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина [unconfirmed]

Bosnian Podrinje Canton: "Gorazde, Bosnai Heceqovina", 43°40′N 18°59′E (Kreutz, 1995: 4, sub O. ramosa [Pujadas, 2002: 361, sub O. nana!]).

inicio / top of page

Britain / Great Britain / Gran Bretaña / Großbritannien / Grande-Bretagne [United Kingdom] (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Rumsey & Jury, 1991: 260 "extinct in the British Isles. Formerly parasitic on Cannabis sativa ... East Anglia", 275 f. 1A!, 278 f. 4A!, f. 8 "Distribution"); Branched Broomrape (Orobanche ramosa), Kew Gardens, London ("Esta foto se tomó el 22 de junio, 2010 en Kew, Richmond, Inglaterra") [leg. Tiggrx] (accessed Aug 2010).

inicio / top of page

Bulgaria / България / Bulgarie / Bulgarien (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Stoyanov, 2003 [2009]: 12-13, t. 5, a [photo!]).

Blagoevgrad Province / област Благоевград / oblast Blagoevgrad / Благоевградска област / Blagoevgradska oblast / Pirin Macedonia: "... (auf Nicotiana tabacum) oberhalb Sandanski, Pirin" (Uhlich & al., 1995: 109, Abb. 104!, sub O. ramosa L.).

Central Transdanubia

Fejér: "Herbarium J. Bognár / Plantae Hungariae Exsiccatae / Orobanche ramosa L. / In agris arenosis ad marginem / viam publicam pro. pag. Dinnyés / 28.09.1999      917." (hb. J. Bognár 917; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

inicio / top of page

Chile (Kogan, 1994: 599, sub O. ramosa; INIA 2016.08.23; CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019)

Santiago Metropolitan Region: "O. ramosa is more widely spread in the Metropolitan Region (32º lat S) ... the most common host is tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. [Solanum lycopersicum L.] ... potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) ..." (Kogan, 1994: 599-600, sub O. ramosa).

Coquimbo Region (INIA 2016.08.23 [it needs to be confirmed (see P. aegyptiaca)])

"La presencia de Orobanche en Chile tiene amplia distribución, desde la región de Coquimbo hasta la Araucanía. En la provincia de Limarí es primera vez que se aprecia esta maleza en cultivos de pepino dulce [Solanum muricatum Aiton]. Este parásito también ataca a otros cultivos de la familia solanacea como tomate [Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (Solanum lycopersicum L.), berenjena [Solanum melongena L.], papa [Solanum tuberosum L.] y tabaco [Nicotiana tabacum L.]; y con menor intensidad aparece en apio, maravilla y lechuga" (Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), accessed May 2017).

inicio / top of page

China / Chine / 中华人民共和国 (Zhang & Tzvelev, 1998 [unmentioned]; CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019) [n.v.]

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region / 新疆维吾尔自治区 / Xinjiang (XUAR) / Shinjang / Xīnjiāng / Sinkiang / Chinese Turkestan (Wang, 1990 [introduced] in CABI 37747).

inicio / top of page

Cuba (Cook & Horne, 1905; Bruner, 1940; Labrada, 1994: 604, sub O. ramosa, "the major pests on tobacco in the central provinces of Cuba ... introduced into Cuba with imported crop seeds from europe early this century (Acuña, 1970, pers. comm.); Alfonso Hernández & Valerino Díaz, 2007)

"Herbarium de Cuba / Estación Central Agronomica / No. 4518 / Orobanche / On tabacco [Nicotiana tabacum L.] / Santiago de las Vegas [Santiago de Compostela de las Vegas, Boyeros] / Col. Alearca [?] Fecha Feb. 6\05 [1905?] / Provincia de la Habana [Havana]" (CLF 231927; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "Havana province ... Villa Clara, santi Spiritus and Ciego de Ávila" ... Holguin province" (Labrada, 1994: 605, f. 1, sub O. ramosa); "estación Experimental Agronómica de Santiago de las Vegas ... una planta parásita que crecía de las raíces del tabaco en la finca del Sr. Miguel Díaz, ubicada a corta distancia de Santiago de las Vegas (Cook & Horne, 1905) ... La "yerba sosa" es una planta fanerógama, de hábitos exclusivamente parasíticos, que en algunas localidades de Cuba constituye una plaga de las vegas ... el dueño de la finca Siguaney de Zaza del Medio [Sancti Spíritus Province], Sr. Joaquín Rodríguez Llorente remitía una planta de tabaco atacada por una planta desconocida en la zona, contestándole el Dr. Bruner que se trataba de O. ramosa" (Bruner, 1940) ... hay que destacar que si en Cuba en 1965 se señalaba que 191.70 millones de plantas de tabaco habían sido dañadas por orobanche ... El problema abarca en nuestros días extensas áreas de tabaco negro cultivado a la sombra con destino a capa, y al sol en las provincias de Villa Clara, Sancti Spiritus, Ciego de Ávila y La Habana. En las provincias de Pinar del Río y Cienfuegos se encuentran en áreas muy localizadas y de menor cuantía" (Alfonso Hernández & Valerino Díaz, 2007).

inicio / top of page

Cyprus / Κύπρος / Kýpros / Kıbrıs / Chipre / Zypern

 Limassol District / Λεμεσός: "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) / Orobanche ramosa L. / ... / Cyprus, Division 3 of Meikle 1977, / Limassol, Potamos Yermasoyias, / flower-bed of the restaurant / Кипр, Район 3 (по Meikle, 1977), / г. Лимасол, район Ермасойя, / левый берег р. Ермасойя в ее нижнем течении, / цветочная клумба у ресторана. / Coll. A. Seregin, D. Sokoloff, M. Remizova / Собр.  А. Серегин, Д. Соколов, М. Ремизова / 8.03.2004 A-100 / Atlas florae europaeae: 36-S-WD2 [Asia]" (MW 0747837; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2018).

inicio / top of page

Czech Republic / República Checa / Česká republika (Zázvorka, 2000: 481-484, t. 78 f. 3; Pusch, 2009: 20, sub O. ramosa)

inicio / top of page

Djibouti / Yibuti / Dschibuti (see Abyssinia) [unconfirmed] (Plants of the World online 662640-1, accessed May 2019)

"an der Taju ra-Bucht (nach Lord) [French Somaliland Nile Land Gulf of Tajura, Lord!]" (Beck, 1930: 80, sub O. mutelii var. interrupta).

inicio / top of page

Egypt / مصر / Egipto / Ägypten (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa; Greuter, 1989: 262, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa; Boulos, 2002: 87-88, sub O. ramosa var. ramosa)

Alexandria Governorate: "Alexandria ... (Schweinfurth)" (Beck, 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

Cairo Governorate: "Ägypten: ... Cairo ... (Schweinfurth)" (Beck, 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

Gharbia Governorate: 1. "Auf Ammi Visnaga / fl. albo vel / lilacino / Recd. 8/80 / Nº 265 Phelipaea ramosa L / Tel el Tahudieh / im Culturlande am oestlichen Rande des Deltas / (Aegypten [Egypt]) / 1 April 1880 ges von Dr. G. Schweinfurth". 2. "Orobanche schweinfurthii [m. Beck?]" (K 000425147 - 90304; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019 [see Phelipanche schweinfurthii]); "Ägypten: Tel el Tahudieh [Tell el Yehudiye / Tell el-Yahudiya / Leontopolis [?], southeast of Sebennytos, located on the Damietta (Sebennytic) branch of the Nile in the Delta] (Onion)..." (Beck, 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

Minya Governorate: "Orobanche schweinfurthii G. Beck / Mittelägypten, Niltal, E-Ufer des Nils / unter der Necropolis Beni Hasan, ca / 20 km S von el-Minya, Sanddünen am / Nilufer, auf Trifolium alexandrinum / 9.4.1982 / leg, det: I. Weis & P. Pilsl" (Herb Pilsl Peter 004438 - herbarium.univie.ac.at ID=1328408; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019 [Phelipanche schweinfurthii is very close to P. ramosa]).

Qalyubia Governorate: "Desert Institute Expedition / to Nubia / December 1963 - February 1964 / Orobanche ramosa L. / on Solanum lycopersicum L. / 1-4 km A Banha [Benha], Ballana / 12.1.1964 / Leg. Loutfy Boulos" (U 1470941; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019).

Qena Governorate: "Ägypten: ... Keneh [Qena / Kaine / Caene] (Schweinfurth)" (Beck, 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

Unknown locations: 1. "Orobanche ramosa / Voyage de M. Quartin-Dillon en Abyssinie. Egypte". 2. "Orobanche / ... / entre Suant et Quirv [?] / 29 mars 1839" (P 02970678; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2015).

inicio / top of page

Eritrea / Érythrée (see Abyssinia)

Abessynia (β. in territ. Bogos pr. Keren [Cheren / Sanhit / Senhait]; pr. Habab Nafka [Nakfa, Northern Red Sea] [l. Hildebrandt nr. 511], aliis locis [l. Dill, et Petit nr. 238])" (Beck, 1890: 89-91, sub O. ramosa var. interrupta).

inicio / top of page

Estonia / Estland / Eesti / Эстони

Tartu County / Tartu maakond: "Herbarium Musei Botanici Universitatis Tartuensis / Herbarium Generale / Orobanche ramosa L. / Tartu Botaanikaaias . Cannabis sativa L. / 6 oct. 1925 / leg.-det. K. Eichwald" (TU 301921 [Tiina Samson 482713]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017).

inicio / top of page

Ethiopia / Etiopía / Éthiopie / Äthiopien (see Abyssinia)

Oromia Region: "Crescit in arvis cultis Abyssinise, in planitie montosa provincial Chire [Ch’īrē], et prope Hiea (Quartin Dillon)" (Lefévre & al., 1847-1851 in Tentamen Florae Abyssinicae).

inicio / top of page

France / Francia / Frankreich (Lapeyrouse, 1813: 359-360; Duby, 1828: 349; Companyo, 1864: 512, sub P. ramosa; Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Noulet, 1837; Greuter, 1989: 262, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa; Aeschimann & al., 2004: 282, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa; Gibot-Leclerc & al., 2012, on Brassica napus L.; P. ramosa in Tela Botanica; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013 [none of these photos seem to correspond to P. ramosa s. str., all of them are P. nana ("Thémines (46)", "Lastours (11)", "Saint-Ferriol (11) and "Signes (83)" photos by Mathieu Menand and Robert Leras) except the "Le Rozier (48) / 30 mai 2009 / Photo n° 23384 by Mathieu Menand" which corresponds to P. inexspectata, the "à Haría - Las Palmas [Espagne] by Benoit Bock" which correspond to P. gratiosa and the "Alcaucín - Malaga [Espagne]" and "Águilas - Murcia [Espagne]" which correspond to P. mutelii.

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes [Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes]

Ain (01): "ST. Dans les terres cultivées et presque toujours dans les chanvres [Cannabis sativa L.]" (Balbis, 1827: 543, sub O. ramosa); "Société dauphinoise. / N.º 906. Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Meyer /... / Crottet (Ain): champs sablonneux sur les racines / du Cannabis sativa / Août-septembre 1875.  F. Lacroix." (P 03944893; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); idem (P 04215475; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); "Phelipaea Muteli Reuter / Ain: Loyettes, cultures, sur colza [Brassica napus L. (Brassicaceae)] / Juin 1925 Miélleous [?]" (PE 01476162; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019); "Port-Galland à Loyettes ... Orobanche ramosa L. est signalé dans ce secteur en 1925" (Fraysse & Granger, 1997, sub O. ramosa).

Haute-Savoie (74): "Société Rochelaise, 1881. / Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Meyer. / Chenevières [Cannabis sativa L.] humides, à Domancy (Haute-Savoie). / 23 Août 1881 / AE. Boullu, à Lyon (Rhône)" (P 04409223; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); idem (P 03944894; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); L. Chevallier, Précigné // Société Rochelaise, 1881. / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Meyer. / idem (P 03996070; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Isère (38): "Herbier L. Chevallier, Précigné (Sarthe) / Phelipaea ramosa A. Mey. / Isère: Le Touvet, sur les / tabacs [Nicotiana tabacum L.] / 7 bre 1899 ..." (P 03996068; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Herbier E.G. Camus / Phelipaea ramosa / sur tabac [N. tabacum L.] / Les Avenières / 8 Septembre 1910   Isère / leg. Eugène Hautreux" (P 04242786 - hb. Camus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Loire (42): "Phelipaea ramosa C.A. M. / Loire / Veauche in arenosis, ad radices Cannabinis [Cannabis sativa L.]. 8 . 83[1883]" (P 04394028; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012).

Savoie (73): "F. Schultz, herbarium normales, nov. ser. Cent. 15. / 1441. Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. ... / ... Août. / Ad radices Cannabis sativi [Cannabis sativa L.]. Chambéry. Savoie. / Rec. Bonjean." (P 04384579; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016).

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté

Cote d'Or (21): "Société Dauphinoise, 2º série, 1891 / Nº 408. Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. ... / ... / Soc. dauph. 1 sér. nº 906. Plombières-les-Dijon [N 47° 20' 0'' E 4° 58' 0''] (Côte-d'Or): chenevières [chènevière / canebière is a hemp field (chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.]) in the south of France] des bords de l'Ouche. / Juillet 1890. / Leg. Noël Garnier. Ad. Pellat." (MPU; rev. L. Carlón & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 2006-2007); idem (P 04242788 - hb. Th. Delacour; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); idem (P 03996072; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr. 2013); idem (P 04242785; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Saône-et-Loire (71): "Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Montceau-les-Mines: Dans un champ de Chambre [Cannabis sativa L.] / à Galuzot  13 août 1906 / P. Porte" (P 04242427; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, Sept 2012); "Phelipaea ramosa / Chenevières [Cannabis sativa L.] à Raconnay / Gergy Saône-et-Loire / 13 août 1879!" (P 04242761 - hb. Th. Delacour; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Centre [Centre-Val de Loire]

Cher (18): "N.º 20783 / Phelipaea ramosa / Parterres de Herny, sur les Ginnia[?] Cher / 1 Nov. 1875 / Mouillefarine" (P 04242760; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Indre-et-Loire (37): "Orobanche Ramosa L. / Env. de Bourgueil / Leg. J. Caquere[?]" (P 04384563 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016).

Loir-et-Cher (41): "Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / ... 17 août 1872. Rounis du / chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] dans ... / (Loir-et-Cher) ..." (P 04242436; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Flore des environs de Romorantin / (Loir-et-Cher) / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Orobanche ramosa L. / 17 août 1866 / Sur les racines du Cannabis sativa / au grand village, Cme de Pruniers [Pruniers-en-Sologne] / par Em. Martin" (P 04242781; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Herb. E. Martin / Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Mey / Cne des Pruniers / par les Risuloux / Sans date / ..." (P 04242763; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Phelipaea albiflora / Cour Cheverny / mon jardin" (P 04384565 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016).

Corse / Corsica / Córcega (Jeanmonod & Habashi, 2008: 95-97, "qu'il doit actuaellement considéré comme disparu", sub P. ramosa)

"signalée sur Cannabis sativa L. ... à Bastia et aux environs (Salis-Marschlins (1834)" (Jeanmonod & Habashi, 2008: 96, sub P. ramosa).

Grand Est [Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine]

Bas-Rhin / Unterelsàss (67): "Flora Galliae et Germaniae exsiccata de C. Billot / 60. Orobanche ramosa L. ... / 18 septembre 1845 / Parasite sur le chambre [Cannabis sativa L.], à Drusenheim (Bas-Rhin). / Rec. par E. et C. Billot." (P 04384580 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016); "Herbier E. G. Camus / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Orobanche ramosa L. / ... / Sur le chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] Soufflenheim [Sufflenheim] (Bas-Rhin) / 68-87-1-31  herb. Kralik" (P 04215450; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Vosges (88): "Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Meyer / Orobanche ramosa L. / Sur des racines de Cannabis sativa / (FR-88) / Villars, près Neufchâteau / 28 Août 1864 / ..." (P 06903013; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Île-de-France

Essonne (91): "Herbier E. G. Camus  2144 / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / 19 juillet 1846 / Marcoussis / Legit Cintrael" (P 04242428 - hb. E.G. & A. Camus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sept 2012); "Herbier E. G. Camus / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Marcoussis / 23 juillet 1848 / Legit Cintrait // E. G. Camus" (P 04242784 - hb. E.G. & A. Camus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Herbier Th. Delacour / Phelippea ramosa / hort. Vilmon a Verrières [Verrières-le-Buisson (Seine-et-Oise)] [?] / ... 1863 / ... " (P 04215477; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); "Herb. M. G. Eugène / 2.627 / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / ... / Marcoussis, parasite du sur le chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] / juin   Bouch" (P 04242789; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Seine-et-Marne (77): "Reliquiae Mailleanae / 1484. Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Coss. / Champs, Marmant près Melun, / Seine-et-Marne / Coll. Guilloteaux, 20 Août 1847" (P 04242762; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); idem (P 04384569 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016); "Environs de Provins, / Phelipaea ramosa Coss. & Germ. / Poigny, chenevières [Cannabis sativa L.] / Collect. 13 Août 1861 / Herbier Ed. Bouteiller" (P 04242429; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012).

Normandy

Calvados (14): "Herb. E. Cosson, 18 / Orobanche ramosa / Falaise / Collect. 15 [?] 1843  DD." (P 04384601 - hb. E. Cosson - Durand; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "L. Chevallier, Précigné / Phelippaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Falaise" (P 03996071; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Nouvelle-Aquitaine [Aquitaine / Aquitania-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes]

Charente-Maritime (17): "The seeds were collected in 1999 from natural populations of P. ramosa that had severely infested fields of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L. Brassicaceae) in Saint-Pierre-de-Juillers (Latitude 45,9333; Longitude −0.3667; Charente-Maritime, France)." (Gibot-Leclerc & al., 2012, on Brassica napus L. [the habit of these specimens is different from the typical one. It is similar to PE 01476162 (Ain), also on Brassica]).

Deux-Sèvres (79): "479 Herbier Grelet .... (Orobanche ramosa L.) / Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Meyer / Vançais (D.-S.) jardin de la erme[?] / parasite sur les racines des tomates [Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.]  10 juillet 1874" (P 04242769; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Herbier L. Grelet / Nº 2312 ... / Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Meyer / Orobanche ramosa L. / Les Fosses (Deux-Sèvres) lieux cultivés / juin 1897" (P 04242768; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Dordogne (24): "2385 / ... / Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / 8 Septembre 1950 / Champs de tabac [Nicotiana tabacum L.] / Le Buisson [Le Buisson-de-Cadouin] (Dordogne)" (P 00598738 - hb. H. Bouby; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2016).

Lot-et-Garonne / Òlt e Garona (47): "Exsicc. Ch. Duffour / 192. Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey.  ... / ... Orobanche ramosa L. ... / Lot-et-Garonne: Aiguillon; parasite sur le tabac [Nicotiana tabacum L.] / 7 septembre 1911.   Jeanjean // Herbier - L. Segrel" (P 04242434; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Société Française, 1934 / Exsicc. Ch. Duffour / 7260.— Orobanche ramosa L. / Lot-et-Garonne: Aiguillon; parasite sur le tabac [N. tabacum L.] / Septembre 1930.   Jeanjean" (P 04409227; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Occitanie / Occitània [Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées]

Haute-Garonne (31): "H. Les champs sur les racines de chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] et de tabac [Nicotiana tabacum L.]. C. Toulouse: dans les cultures de tabac, entre l'emboucure du Canal du Midi et le port de Blagnac" (Noulet, 1837: 490, sub O. ramosa L.).

Lot / Òlt (46): "3302 / Herbier de M. Bournérias / Phelypaea ramosa (L.) C.A. Mey. / champs de Tabac [Nicotiana tabacum L.] ... / Les Masseries (Lot) / 8 .48 [1948]" (P 04409222; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012).

Lozère (48) [unconfirmed]: "Le Rozier (48) / 30 mai 2009 / Photo n° 23384 by Mathieu Menand" (sub P. ramosa in Tela Botanica; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013 [it corresponds to P. inexspectata]).

Pyrénées-Orientales / Eastern Pyrenees / Pirineus Orientals / Pirenèus Orientals / Pirineos Orientales (66): "Habite toutes les vallées oú le chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] est cultivé" (Companyo, 1864: 512, sub P. ramosa).

Pays de la Loire

Maine-et-Loire (49): "Flora selecta exsiccata / publié par Ch. Magnier. / 639.— Phelypaea ramosa (L.) C.A. Mey., en pl. cauc. 104; / G. et G. 2, p. 627. / O. ramosa L. Sp. 882. / Maine-et-Loire: Corné, à la Croix-Blanche. Parasite du / Chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] / 14 août 1884.   E. Préaubert." (P 04242430 - hb. E.G. & A. Camus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); idem (P 04384570 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016).

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Alpes-Maritimes (06): "Flora of France / Collected by Kai Larsen / S.S. Larsen / 40214 ... Orobanche ramosa L. / ... Alpes Maritimes. Contes N of Nices / Alt. 1200 m. 6 May 1988" (IBSC 0547821; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019 [it corresponds to P. rosmarina]); "06 = Alpes-Maritimes" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 282, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa).

N. B. Lapeyrouse, Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 359-360. 1813, "Abondamment dans les récoltes de tabac, qu'elle détruit ... du chanvre et du tabac"; Duby, Bot. Gall.: 349. 1828, "in agris parasitica Cannabi sativae".

Brault & al., 2007, "The dramatic spread of root holoparasite Orobanche ramosa L. (branched broomrape) has been observed in the last few years in France in fields of Brassica napus L., Nicotiana tabacum L., and Cannabis sativa L. ... These results led to the concept of host specificity and suggestions about the existence of three different pathovars in O. ramosa. Analysis of genetic variability of the three O. ramosa populations by PCR of RAPD markers confirmed that they may be considered as three distinct pathovars."

inicio / top of page

Georgia / Sakartvelo / Georgien / Géorgie / Грузия (Gagnidze, 2005; O. ramosa in Tarkhnishvili & Chaladze (eds.). 2013. Georgian biodiversity database, accessed May 2019)

inicio / top of page

Germany / Deutschland / Alemania / Allemagne (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Pusch, 2009: 20, sub O. ramosa)

"Germania (ubique in provinciis mediis et australibus ad ex. prope Stuttgart, Mainz, Zweibrücken, Heidelberg, Carlsruhe, Jena, Halle, Brandenburg, in Silesia, Bavaria etc.);"; "A? [Archäophyt] ... AV [nördliches Alpenvorland], M1 [Süddeutsches Schichtstufenland (mit Oberrhein-System)], M2 [Zentraleuropäische Mittelgebirgsschwelle], F [Norddeutsches Flachland] ... Tabak [Nicotiana tabacum L.], Hanf [Cannabis sativa L.], Tomate [Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.] u.a. Solanaceae" (Haeupler & Muer, 2000: 449, f. 2477!); "Sehr selten Oberrheinebene; nur Altfunde Osten, Bayern, Franken, Z-Pfalz, Kölner Bucht, Münsterland" (Hassler & Schmitt, 2009, photos!); "Orobanche ramosa Ästige..." (Botanik-Fotos.de, accessed Jan 2010).

Brandenburg

Märkisch-Oderland: "Orobanche ramosa L. / 18.8.54 / Wriezen / Schäde" (AMD 84211; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019).

North Rhine-Westphalia / Renania del Norte-Westphalia

Cologne / Colonia: "Ex herb. C. Scheppig, Berlin / Orobanche ramosa L. / op Cannabis sativa / In horto colui / leg. C. Scheppig / 1884" (AMD 84203; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2019); "Orobanche ramosa L. / Keimlinge / In horto colui / leg. C. Scheppig / 1886" (AMD 84209; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019); "Orobanche ramosa L. / In horto colui / leg. C. Scheppig / 1891" (AMD 84208; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019).

Unknown locations: "O. ramosa L. / Beck [m. Beck] // 224. W. [Herbarium Willdenow]" (B-W 11605-01 0; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2017); idem  // 226[?]. W. [Herbarium Willdenow] (B-W 11605-03 0; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2017); 1. "Orobanche ramosa L. / In radice Nicotianae rusticae. / Auf ... ( ... 1845). verte!". 2. "Herbarium viri doctis W.D.J. Koch documentale et normale / (Prof. Erlang.) / ad alliuus opus c.t. (+1849) / Synopsis Florae Germanicae et Helveticae / Orobanche ramosa L. / c. dupl. / acq. ... Suringar 1865" (L 2816940; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019).

inicio / top of page

Greece / Grecia / Ελλάδα / Hellas [unconfirmed (see P. nana)]

Eastern Macedonia and Thrace / Ανατολική Μακεδονία και Θράκη

Evros / Περιφερειακή ενότητα Έβρου: "34. Orobanche ramosa L. Gr Samothraki [Samothrace / Σαμοθράκη]: S of Chora, walled cemetery with old trees, on basalt/porphyr, 280 m, 40°28'48"N, 25°31'32"E, 04.05.2010, Biel 10.135. Recorded from Limnos. Other localities were noted near Alonia, Kato Kariotis, Therma and Xiropotamos. Det. H. Uhlich, June 2010." (Biel & Tan, 2012: 74, sub O. ramosa).

inicio / top of page

Gibraltar [British Overseas Territory] (Iberian Peninsula) [unconfirmed]

Orobanche ramosa L., "Common and widespread throughout the Rock [Rock of Gibraltar / El Peñón de Gibraltar]. Grows in clearings and waysides" (Flora of Gibraltar, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2017, all them seem to correspond to P. nana and are parasitizing wild species [apparently parasitizing Oxalis pes-caprae L. (typical plant-host)]).

inicio / top of page

Hungary / Magyarország / Hungría / Hongrie / Ungarn (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa)

Central Hungary

Pest County: "Flora Hungarica / L. Chevallier, Précigné / Orobanche ramosa L. / Pestins in Rakos, ad Üllői / Csárda. In Cannabis sativa / 1876, jul. leg. A. ..." (P 03996066; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Flora Hungarica / Orobanche ramosa L. / Locus: Budapest Rakos arenaria / Substratum Cannabis sativa / 1876 die July  Leg. Richter" (P 03996067; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Southern Great Plain / Dél-Alföld

Bács-Kiskun County: 1. "Flora Exsiccata austro-Hungarica. / 911. Orobanche ramosa. / ... / I. Austria inferior. In radicibus Cannabis sativae in cultis ad Seitenstetten / copiose; 500 mt. s. m. / Strasser. / II. Hungaria centralis. Kalocsa, in radicibus Cannabis sativae. / Haynald.". 2. "II" (PE 01476157; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019).

inicio / top of page

India / Indien (CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019)

"In a survey conducted in Churu and Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan and Mahendragarh, Haryana, India, rapeseed mustard crop was found to be heavily infested with Orobanche ramosa (10-90% infection)" (Sharma & al., 2007, sub O. ramosa).

Photos by Nidhan Singh and photos by J.M.Garg in efloraofindia O. aegyptiaca, accessed Apr 2019 [(cf.) see Phelipanche brassicae]).

inicio / top of page

Israel and the Palestinian territories [Palestine / Palestina]

Haifa District: "Flora Palaestina / ... / Orobanche mutelii F.W.Schultz in Mutel / Israel; Coast of Karmel. Megadim S. of / Haifa ... / weed in tomato field; frequent ... / Leg. K.U. Kramer no. 6944 / Det. id. d.d. 14.IV.1979" (U 1470931; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019).

inicio / top of page

Italy / Italia / Italien (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Béguinot 1902, did not have a clear concept of Kopsia ramosa var. typica and he confused it with similar species; Beck, 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Aeschimann & al., 2004: 282, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa; Pusch, 2009: 20, sub O. ramosa)

"Italia (Bologna, Alpes cottici, Bavino, Ins. Vulcano, Palermo etc.)" (Beck, 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa).

Piemonte / Piedmont

Torino / Turin (TO): "TO = Torino" (Aeschimann & al., 2004: 282, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa).

Sicily / Sicilia / Sicile

Palermo (PA) [unconfirmed (see P. mutelii and P. nana)]

Trentino-Alto Adige / Trentino-Südtirol

Trentino / Trento (TN): "Orobanche ramosa L. / Tirol austr. in agris ... / pr. Riva [Riva del Garda] ... 300' / Jun. 1872 / legeren Porta" (P 04384577; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016); "Orobanche ramosa L. / Tirolia austral in agris Nicotiano [Nicotiana tabacum L.] satis pr. / Mori [Moor] / Aug. 1875    Th. Pichler" (P 04384578 - hb. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

inicio / top of page

Lebanon / Líbano / Liban (Saghir & al., 1980, sub O. ramosa; Greuter, 1989: 262, "LS", sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa; Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada, 2017) [n.v.] (see P. aegyptiaca)

"The fast-spreading parasites namely Orobanche ramosa / aegyptiaca cause heavy yield losses in potato and tomato, while in potato, grown in 150 000 ha and 90% of it irrigated, the parasites are the main pest." (Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada, 2017).

inicio / top of page

Libya / Libia / Lybien (Greuter, 1989: 262, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa) [n.v.]

inicio / top of page

Liechtenstein (Pusch, 2009: 20, sub O. ramosa)

"In Liechtenstein bis ca. 1900" (Pusch, 2009: 20, sub O. ramosa).

inicio / top of page

Luxembourg / Luxemburgo / Luxemburg / Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg

"Orobanche ramosa L. / parasite sur le / chanvre. Luxemburg / Tinaut" (L 2816913; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019).

inicio / top of page

Mexico (FAO, Rome 2007)

inicio / top of page

Moldova / Moldavia / Moldavie / Молдавия (Timus & Croitoru, 2007, sub O. ramosa)

inicio / top of page

Morocco / المغرب‎, / Marruecos / Maroc / Marokko (Greuter, 1989: 262, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa; Zemrag, ‎1994: 635, sub O. ramosa/O. aegyptiaca complex) [n.v.]

inicio / top of page

Nepal (Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal, "doubtful", accessed Apr 2013) [n.v.]

inicio / top of page

Netherlands / Países Bajos / Pays-Bas / Niederlande (Van der Land, 1966: 191-192