Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 1 November 2019


Accepted Name:

Xylanche himalaica (Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 58 (1890) (Beck 1930: 329; Ozenda & Capdepon 1978: 379; Yu 2013; Piwowarczyk 2015)

Basionymum / Basionym:

Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4(11): 327[-328] (1884 [Jan 1884]) ["Hook. f. & Thoms. Herb. Ind. Or."] (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 46.6 Ex. 38)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson in "Herb. Ind. Or. Hook. fil & Thomson", nom. illeg.

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Boschniakia kawakamii Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 4: 19 (1914 [25 Nov 1914]) (Smith 1933). Syn.:  Xylanche kawakamii (Hayata) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 330[-331] (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Ind. loc.: Formosa [Taiwan / 臺灣]: "Mt. Morrison [Yu Shan], ad 10000 ped. alt, leg. T. Kawakami et S. Sasaki, Oct. 1909". Type: China. Taiwan: Yushan, Oct., 1909, T. Kawakami & S. Sasaki s.n. (TI (Yu 2013)). Host: Rhododendron sp. (Ericaceae) (Beck 1930: 331)

= Boschniakia handelii Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 328[-329] (1930 [30 Sep 1930]) (Smith 1933; Handel-Mazzetti 1936: 875). Ind. loc.: "China [中国]. — Im nordwestlichen Teile der Provin Yünnan [云南]: bei der Stadt Lidjiang (Likiang [Lijiang / 丽江市]), vornehmlich auf dem Berge Yülung-schan [Yulong Xue Shan / Jade Dragon Snow Mountain / 玉龙雪山, Yulong County / 玉龙县] (Handel-Mazzetti, Iter sinense 1914/18, n. 4148! fruct.), bei dem Dorfe Yungning [Yongning] in gemischten Eichenwäldern ober dem Dorfe Dschadse [Zhazi] bei 3000 m Seehöhe im Juli 1915 (Handel-Mazzetti n. 7059  fruct.); zwischen den Flüssen Lu-djang (Salween) und Dijou-djang (Irrawadi [Irrawaddy River / Ayeyarwady] orient, super.) bei 27° 58' in der kalt, temper. Region der Tannen und Rhododendren bei 3650 m Seehöhe unter dem See Tsukue im Juli (Handel-Mazzetti n. 9531!); auf dem Joche Ulüla am Westabhange zwischen Rhododendrum bei 4000—4085 m Seehöhe (Handel-Mazzetti n. 9285!)" (Beck 1930: 329; Handel-Mazzetti 1936: 875). Ic.: a, Beck, 1930: 328 f. 23 h-o. Herbarium Specimens: 1. "Handel-Mazzetti, Iter sinense 1914/18, / sumptibus Academiae scientiarum Vindobonensis susceptum. / Nr. 9531. / Boschniakia handelii G. Beck, sp. n. / Prov. Yünnan bor.-occid.: Prope fines Tibeto-Birmanicas inter fluvios Lu-djiang (Salween) et Djiou-djiang (Irrawadi [Irrawaddy River / Ayeyarwady] orient. super.) 27°58', in regionis frigide temperatae abieto rhododendretis infra lacu Tsukue. alt. s. m. ca. 3650 m. /  / Leg. 11-VII-1916 / (Diar. Nr. 1783)". 2. "Syntypus for Boschniakia handelii Beck / H. Rainer (W/WU) 2019-10-07" (WU 0107074 - herbarium.univie ID=1527566); idem [n. 9531 / Diar. Nr. 1783 / Leg. 11-VII-1916] (W 1928-0001077 - herbarium.univie ID=1526400, Syntype of B. handelii); 1. "Handel-Mazzetti, Iter sinense 1914/18, / sumptibus Academiae scientiarum Vindobonensis susceptum. / Nr. 7059. / Boschniakia handelii G. Beck ... / Prov. Yünnan bor.-occid.: Prope pagum Yungning [Yongning], in regionis temperatae quercetis mixtis supra vic. Dschadse [Zhazi]. alt. s. m. ca. 3000 m. ... Diar. Nr. 1268 / Leg. 16-VII-1915". 2. "Syntypus for Boschniakia handelii Beck / H. Rainer (W/WU) 2019-10-07" (WU 0107075 - herbarium.univie ID=1527555); idem [n. 7059 / Diar. Nr. 1268 / Leg. 16-VII-1915] (W 1928-0001069 - herbarium.univie ID=1526404, Syntype of B. handelii); "Handel-Mazzetti, Iter sinense 1914/18, / sumptibus Academiae scientiarum Vindobonensis susceptum. / Nr. 4148. / Boschniakia handelii G. Beck, sp. n. / det. Beck [m. Beck] / Prov. Yünnan [云南] bor.-occid.: Prope urbem Lidjiang (Likiang [Lijiang / 丽江市]), impri- / mis in monte Yülung-schan [Yulong Xue Shan / Jade Dragon Snow Mountain / 玉龙雪山, Yulong County / 玉龙县]. (De stationibus exactis confer publica- / tiones Forrestiananas in Not. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 1911 et seq.). / Leg. VI.-IX. 1914, 1915, 1916 collectores indigeni / (Diar. Nr. 661, 1182 1206, 1681, 1901)" (MNHN-P-P02968829 - P 02968829.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019, Syntype of B. handelii); idem [n. 4148 / Diar. Nr. 4148 / Leg. VI.-IX. 1914, 1915, 1916 collectores indigeni / (Diar. Nr. 661, 1182 1206, 1681, 1901)"] (W 1928-0001071 - herbarium.univie ID=1526399); 1. idem. 2. "Syntypus for Boschniakia handelii Beck / H. Rainer (W/WU) 2019-10-07" (WU 0107076 - herbarium.univie ID=1527545).

= Xylanche kawakamii (Hayata) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 330[-331] (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Syn.:  Boschniakia kawakamii Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 4: 19 (1914 [25 Nov 1914])

= Orobanche changii B.Y. Chang in Forest J. Taiwan Inst. Agric. 18: 87 (1976). Type: "Taoyuan [Taiwan]: Nanchiatienshan, Chang 103" (Flora of Taiwan (2 ed.) 4: 715)

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= Boschniakia handelii f. minor Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 329 (1930 [30 Sep 1930]). Ind. loc.: "China [中国]. — Im nordwestlichen Teile der Provin Yünnan [云南]: auf dem Joche Ulüla ... Cum n. 9265 [9285] supra citato (Handel-Mazzetti)". Herbarium Specimens: 1. "Handel-Mazzetti, Iter sinense 1914/18, / sumptibus Academiae scientiarum Vindobonensis susceptum. / Nr. 9285. / Boschniakia handelii G. Beck f. minor G. Beck / Prov. Yünnan [云南] bor.-occid.: Prope fines Tibeto-Birmanicas inter fluvios Lu-djiang (Salween) et Djiou-djiang (Irrawadi [Irrawaddy River / Ayeyarwady] orient. super.), in jugi [...], 27°52', lateris occident. regione alpina, inter Rhododendra. alt. s. m. ca. 4000-4085 m. / (Diar. Nr. 1761)". 2. "Holotypus for Boschniakia handelii Beck forma minor Beck / H. Rainer (W/WU) 2019-10-07" (WU 0107073 - herbarium.univie ID=1528241); idem [n. 9285 / Diar. Nr. 1761 / Leg. 4-VII-1916] (W 1928-0001078 - herbarium.univie ID=1526398, syntype of B. handelii f. minor).

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Ind. loc.: "Temperate and Subalpine Himalaya, on Rhododendron roots; Garwhal and Kumaon [Uttarakhand, India], alt. 8-10,000 ft., Strach. & Winterb. [Strachey & Winterbottom]; Sikkim [India], alt. 10-13,000 ft., J.D.H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker], Clarke" (Hooker f. & Thomson 1884: 327; Tropicos 50048169, accessed Oct 2008).

Typus / Type:

Syntypes:

"Herb. Ind. Or. Hook. fil & Thomson / Boschniakia HimalaicaH. f. & T. / Hab Sikkim [India]. Regio temp. / Alt. 10-12,000 ped, Coll. J.D.H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker]" (E 00273644 - specimen 290870, Harvard 687031 - GH 00914299.jpg [two specimens (one of them broken) on the left side of the sheet next to their label], K 000938933 - 883282.jpg [two specimens on the right side of the sheet next to their label], L.2825034 - L 2825034.jpg, L.2825035 - L 2825035.jpg, MNHM-P-P02968827 - P 02968827.jpg, MNHM-P-P02968828 - P 02968828.jpg, MPU 021194, snsb 260460 - M 0185512.jpg, O-V2256265, U.1469486 - U 1469486.jpg, W 0031524 - herbarium.univie ID=1526424, W-Rchb. 0079961 - herbarium.univie ID=1526422, W-Rchb. 1889-0005831 - herbarium.univie ID=1526421; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019).

"Himalayan Herbarium / R. Strachey and J.E. Winterbottom / No. 2 / Orobanche / Habitat Dwali  Kumaon. / Elevation above the Sea 8300 Feet." (Harvard 687031 - GH 00914298.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019 [only one specimen on the right side of the sheet next to its label], syntype of B. himalaica); "Himalayan Herbarium / R. Strachey and J.E. Winterbottom / No. 2 / Orobanche // Boschniakia HimalaicaH.f. & T. // Dwali 8300 Kumaon. / Habitat. Rumni Garwhál / Elevation above the Sea 10000 Feet." (K 000938933 - 883282.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019 [four specimens on the left side of the sheet next to their label], syntypes of B. himalaica).

1. "Herb. Ind. Or Hook. fil & Thomson / Boschniakia HimalaicaH.f. & T. / Hab Sikkim [India]. Regio temp. / Alt. 10-12,000 ped, Coll. J.D.H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker]". 2. "Rhododendron roots / ... / Lachen [North Sikkim district] ... [?] / 12000 ft leg [?]" (K 000938934 - 883283.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019, syntypes of B. himalaica); "Orobanchad - on Rhododendron root / ... / Boschniakia himalaica Hook & Th. (et Bth [?]) / Jongri [Dzongri, West Sikkim district] 13000 Sikkim / 25743 / 15 Oct 1875 / Coll C.B. Clarke / Comm 10/77" (K 001392680 - 1028015.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019, syntypes of B. himalaica); 1. "Herbarium Kewense. / Herbarium of J.S. Gamble, C.I.E., F.R.S., / Presented July, 1925.". 2. "Coll C.B. Clarke / Orobanchad / A "genus" of  Hooker & Thomson / grows on roots of Rhododendron (...) / ... / Boschniakia himalaica H.f. & Th. / Jongri [Dzongri, West Sikkim district] 13000 Sikkim / 258/2 / 15 Oct 1875". 3. "Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson / Examined for the Flora of North America Project / L.T. Collins, A.E.L. Colwell & G. Yatskievych—2015" (K 001392681 - 1028016.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019, syntypes of B. himalaica); 1. "Herb. Ind. Or Hook. fil & Thomson / Boschniakia HimalaicaH.f. & T. / Hab Sikkim [India]. Regio temp. / Alt. 10-12,000 ped, Coll. J.D.H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker]". 2. "Kumcha ... / ... 12000 ... [?]" (K - digimuse.nmns.edu.tw 0900000181f19360 - digimuse.nmns.edu.tw 0900000181f19362_nl.jpg - digimuse.nmns.edu.tw 0900000181f1937b_nl.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019, syntypes of B. himalaica).

Designated by:

Host:

Parasitic on Rhododendron sp. (Ericaceae) (K 000938934 - 883283.jpg; MNHM-P-P02968826 - P 02968826.jpg; PE 01542383; Diels 1912: 125, 244, sub B. himalaica; Beck 1930: 330, sec. Hooker f.):

R. adenogynum Diels [R. adenophorum I.B. Balf. & W.W. Sm.] (Handel-Mazzetti 1936: 876, Nr. 7059, "?" sub B. himalaica).

R. arboreum Sm. (L.2825032 - L 2825032.jpg; E 00229088; E 00229219).

R. campanulatum D. Don. (CHR 537394; CHR 498631; Aitcheson in Morris & al. 1973: 309, sub B. himalaica; Semwal & Gaur 1981: 507, sub B. himalaica; Bürzle & al. 2017: 197, sub B. himalaica).

R. campylocarpum Hook. fil. (Ozenda & Capdepon 1978; Kuijt & Toth ‎1985).

R. formosanum Hemsl. (Chien-I Huang 1396 in HAST 96847 - HAST 096847.jpg).

R. lepidotum Wall. [Azalea lepidota (Wall.) Kuntze; R. sinolepidotum I.B. Balf.] (E 00392108).

R oreotrephes W.W. Smith [R. artosquameum I.B. Balf. & Forrest; R. timeteum I.B. Balf. & Forrest] (MO 5561131 - Tropicos 9961).

R. phaeochrysum I.B. Balf. & W.W. Sm. (MO 5561151 - Tropicos 1889221 et MO 5561152 - Tropicos 1889322 - Gbif 1259147775 et phytoimages.siu.edu 87914 by G. Yatskievych, accessed Sep 2019).

R. pseudochrysanthum Hayata [R. nankotaisanense Hayata; R. pseudochrysanthum var. nankotaisanense (Hayata) T. Yamazaki] (Wai-Chao Leong 3125 in HAST 096556; J. S. Chiang in HAST 117541).

R. saluenense subsp. chameunum (I.B. Balfour & Forrest) Cullen. [R. saluenense var. prostratum (W.W. Smith) R. C. Fang]" (harryjans.smugmug.com Yunnan-2011 i-3VFTRbX/A in SmugMug; accessed Nov 2019) (?).

R. wardii W.W. Sm. [R. croceum I.B. Balf. & W.W. Sm.; R. litiense I.B. Balf. & Forrest] (MO 5561131 - Tropicos 9961).

Comments: "Bracteolae nullae (B. glabra [B. rossica]) / Bracteolae duae (B. Handelii [X. himalaica])" (Beck 1930: 326-327); "There exist striking differences not only in seed coat but in size and form, which can serve, in author's opinion, as characters for delimitating species" (Zhang 1987, sub B. himalaica); "Fig. 3 unless otherwise noted. Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson and B. rossica (Cham. & Schltdl.) B. Fedtsch. are united (100% MLBS) and these two are sister to a clade of New World Boschniakia, Conopholis, and Epifagus (100% MLBS)." (McNeal & al. 2013: 974, 977 f. 3). "The most significant is differences between the distinct type of seed B. rossica and B. himalaica [Xylanche himalaica]" (Piwowarczyk 2015). NCBI:txid315440: AY911212.1 (A. Colwell s.n. [GH]) (Wolfe & al. 2005); EU366157.1 (Albach & al. 2009); KC542187.1 (McNeal & al. 2013). "The phylogenetic analysis indicated B. himalaica was closely related to Cistanche deserticola (Figure 1)." (Zhou 2019, sub B. himalaica).

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, f. 263, 8-15 in Flora of China.efloras.org; b, Flora of Taiwan (2 ed.) 4: 716 t. 328; c, Gbif 3733380; d, Tropicos 50048169 in Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden, accessed Oct 2008.

Distribution: Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar [Birma], Nepal and Taiwan [Formosa] (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998: 239-240, sub B. himalaica; Kewscience 662991-1, accessed Sep 2019).

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Specimens examined and literature records. [CVH 10972, accessed Sep 2019; Gbif 3733380, accessed Oct 2019; iNaturalist 32457981, accessed Oct 2019; Tropicos 50048169, accessed Oct 2019]

Bhutan / Bután / Bhoutan / Бутан / 不丹 (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998: 239-240, sub B. himalaica)

Bumthang District: "Bumthang - Ura Hwy, 27.328333,90.35028, May 22, 2018" (biodiversity.bt 59891 by Phuentsho in Bhutan Biodiversity Portal; accessed Oct 2019).

Thimphu District: Darkala Gewog (Wangchuk & al. ‎2016, sub B. himalaica).

Wangdue Phodrang District: "Salading, 27.395222,90.22234 [not far from the Gangteng Monastery], October 10, 2017" (biodiversity.bt 50152 by Phuentsho in Bhutan Biodiversity Portal; accessed Oct 2019).

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China / Chine / Китай / 中国 (Forbes & Hemsley 1890: 221, sub B. himalaica; Diels 1912: 125, 244, sub B. himalaica; Beck 1930: 329, loc. class. of B. handelii; Beck 1930: 330, sub X. himalaica; Handel-Mazzetti 1936: 875, sub B. himalaica; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998: 239-240, sub B. himalaica; CVH 10972, accessed Sep 2019)

Gansu / 甘肃省 / Kan-su / Kansu / Kan-suh: 甘肃省 文县 [Wen County / Wenxian, Longnan / 陇南市] 铁楼乡邱家坝 [Tielou Township] (WUK 521102 [n.v.]); ibidem (WUK 521103 [n.v.]); 甘肃省 祝哈溪套子 [Haxizhen / Haxi Zhen / 哈溪镇] 何廷农 2496 (HNWP 166045; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); 甘肃  舟曲 [Zhouqu County, Gannan Prefecture / 甘南州] 沙滩林场羊布沟 3000 m 1964.7.1 郭本兆 5267 (WUK 0231768 et HIB 0015689 [n.v.]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019).

Hubei Province / 湖北省: "Hupeh [Hubei / 湖北]: Fang [Fangxian / 房县, Shiyan / 十堰市] (A. Henry !) ... Herb. Kew." (Forbes & Hemsley 1890: 221, sub B. himalaica); "China: Hupeh [Hubei / 湖北], bei Fang [Fangxian / 房县] (A. Henry)" (Beck 1930: 330, sub X. himalaica); 湖北  神农架林区 [Shennongjia Forest District] 新华公社桂连坪 [Xinhua] (PE 01038305; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); 湖北   神农架林区 [Shennongjia Forest District] 老君山庙坪马岩尖  (PE 01038306; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); 湖北  兴山县 [Xingshan County] 沙坪区 (PE 01542285; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); 湖北 兴山县 [Xingshan County] 沙坪区 (PE 01542286; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); 湖北 兴山县 [Xingshan County] 沙坪区 (PE 01542287; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019).

Qinghai Province / 青海省 / Tsinghai / Ch'ing-Hai / Kokonor: 青海  门源回族自治县 [Menyuan Hui Autonomous County] 浩可农场小煤矿 3400 m 1975.9. 11 郭本兆 王为义 12596 (PE 01542282; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); 青海  门源回族自治县 [Menyuan Hui Autonomous County] 浩可农场小煤矿 3400 m 1975.9.11 郭本兆 王为义 12596 (PE 01542283; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); 青海  互助土族自治县 [Huzhu Tu Autonomous County] 巴扎公社 1971.7.2 郭本兆 9353 (PE 01542284; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019).

Shaanxi Province / 陕西省: 陕西省 太白山 [Mount Taibai / 太白山, Qinling / 秦岭 / Nanshan / Szechuan Alps] 放羊寺 (HNWP 56755; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); W. 1798 4.8.1933 / 陕西省 眉县 [Mei County] Near Fangyangsze, T'aipaishan [Taibai County / 太白县] / Shensi / 3000 m / T.P. Wang (WUK 0014120; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); "Field No. 798 / Date IX.11.1937 / Loc. Taipaishan [Taibai County / 太白县]: On way from / Pinganszu to Fangyangszu / Coll. T.N. Liou et T.C. Tsoong" (PE 01542279; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); Field No. 4733 Date Sept. 1938 / Loc. Taipaishan [Taibai County / 太白县]: Near Fangyangszu / Coll. W.Y. Hsia (PE 01542278; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); Zhu, Chen, Xu, Wang No. 2482 / Shaanxi, Meixian, Taibeishan, Dayehai / ... / Alt. 2100 m" (PE 01542280; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); 陕西 Taibai County / 太白县 太白山大殿   (PE 01542281; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019).

Sichuan Province / 四川省 / Szechuan: "Szechuen: summit of mount Oinei [Mount Emei / 峨眉山, Emeishan / 峨眉山市, Leshan / 乐山市 / Jiading] (Faber !). Herb. Kew" (Forbes & Hemsley 1890: 221, sub B. himalaica); "Plants of the Muli (or Mili) Kingdom [Muli Tibetan Autonomous County / 木里藏族自治县, Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture / 凉山州], / Southwestern Szechuan, China / Boschniakia himalaicaHook. f. & Th. / a parasite on Rhododendron / ... / ... alt. 4000 m. / No. 16678 J.F. Rock, Collector July, 1928" (MNHM-P-P02968826 - P02968826.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019); "China: ... Szechuen auf dem Gipfel des Mt. Omei [Mount Emei / 峨眉山] (Faber); vielleicht von der indischen Pflanze verschieden [maybe different from the Indian plant]? — Forbes and Hemsley in Journ. Linn. Soc. XXVI. (1890) 221" (Beck 1930: 330, sub X. himalaica); 四川省  冕宁县 灵山寺 [Mianning County, Lingshan Temple] (HX 015776; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); Hengduan Mountains / 横断山脉 [Sichuan-Tibet-Yunnan] (efloras.org id=89736 et efloras.org id=89737 by Rick Ree in Press & al. 2000, sub B. himalaica).

Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) / Xizang Autonomous Region / Tibet / Xizang / 西藏自治区: 西藏 波密县 [Bomę County (Nyingchi / 林芝市 / Linzhi)] 古乡[Guxiang] 1965.8.15 应俊生 洪德元 651199 (PE 01542375, PE 01542376, PE 01542377 et PE 01542378; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); 西藏 聂拉木县 [Nyalam County (Shigatse / Xigazę / 日喀则市)] 樟木若沙 1966.5.7 张永田 郎楷永 3426 (PE 01542371 et PE 01542372 rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); 西藏 错那县 [Cona County (Shannan / 山南市)] 博山口南 4300 m 1974.8.10 青藏队 植被组 2681 (PE 01542379; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); 西藏 波密县 [Bomę County (Nyingchi / 林芝市 / Linzhi)] 易贡农场后山 1983.8.18 (PE 01542373; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); 西藏 波密县 [Bomę County (Nyingchi / 林芝市 / Linzhi)] 易贡农场后山 1983.8.18 (PE 01542374; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); 西藏 聂拉木县 [Nyalam County (Shigatse / Xigazę / 日喀则市)] 城南7公里 1990.6.9 (PE 01542370; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); FLPH Tibet Expedition / Col.: Y.S. Chen, Z.Y. Chang, M. Deng, F.Q. Zhang, Y. Xu, / W.T. Jin, Q. Yuan / 13-1575 2013.08.18 / Loc.: 洛扎县 拉康镇卡久寺后山 [Lhozhag County (Shannan / Lhoka / 山南市)] / ... (PE 02000506; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019).

Yunnan Province / 云南省: "2383. ... Parasitical on the roots of rhododendron in open pine forests on the eastern flank of the Lichiang Range [Jade Dragon Snow Mountain / 玉龙雪山 / Yulong Xueshan / Yulong Snow Mountain, Lijiang / 丽江市]. Lat. 27 10' N. Alt. 9000 to 11,000 ft. June 1906. N.W. Yunnan" ... "4520 ... Parasitical on the roots of many species of rhododendrons on the eastern flank of the Tali Range [Dali Range, Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture / 大理白族自治州]. Lat. 25 40' N. Alt. 9000 to 12,000 ft. July-August 1906. W. Yunnan, China" (Diels 1912: 125, 244, sub B. himalaica); 1. "Handel-Mazzetti, Iter sinense 1914/18, / sumptibus Academiae scientiarum Vindobonensis susceptum. / Nr. 9531. / Boschniakia handelii G. Beck, sp. n. / Prov. Yünnan bor.-occid.: Prope fines Tibeto-Birmanicas inter fluvios Lu-djiang (Salween) et Djiou-djiang (Irrawadi [Irrawaddy River / Ayeyarwady] orient. super.) 27°58', in regionis frigide temperatae abieto rhododendretis infra lacu Tsukue. alt. s. m. ca. 3650 m. /  / Leg. 11-VII-1916 / (Diar. Nr. 1783)". 2. "Syntypus for Boschniakia handelii Beck / H. Rainer (W/WU) 2019-10-07" (WU 0107074 - herbarium.univie ID=1527566); idem [n. 9531 / Diar. Nr. 1783 / Leg. 11-VII-1916] (W 1928-0001077 - herbarium.univie ID=1526400, Syntype of B. handelii); 1. "Handel-Mazzetti, Iter sinense 1914/18, / sumptibus Academiae scientiarum Vindobonensis susceptum. / Nr. 7059. / Boschniakia handelii G. Beck ... / Prov. Yünnan bor.-occid.: Prope pagum Yungning [Yongning], in regionis temperatae quercetis mixtis supra vic. Dschadse [Zhazi]. alt. s. m. ca. 3000 m. ... Diar. Nr. 1268 / Leg. 16-VII-1915". 2. "Syntypus for Boschniakia handelii Beck / H. Rainer (W/WU) 2019-10-07" (WU 0107075 - herbarium.univie ID=1527555); idem [n. 7059 / Diar. Nr. 1268 / Leg. 16-VII-1915] (W 1928-0001069 - herbarium.univie ID=1526404, Syntype of B. handelii); "Handel-Mazzetti, Iter sinense 1914/18, / sumptibus Academiae scientiarum Vindobonensis susceptum. / Nr. 4148. / Boschniakia handelii G. Beck, sp. n. / det. Beck [m. Beck] / Prov. Yünnan [云南] bor.-occid.: Prope urbem Lidjiang (Likiang [Lijiang / 丽江市]), impri- / mis in monte Yülung-schan [Yulong Xue Shan / Jade Dragon Snow Mountain / 玉龙雪山, Yulong County / 玉龙县]. (De stationibus exactis confer publica- / tiones Forrestiananas in Not. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 1911 et seq.). / Leg. VI.-IX. 1914, 1915, 1916 collectores indigeni / (Diar. Nr. 661, 1182 1206, 1681, 1901)" (MNHN-P-P02968829 - P 02968829.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019, Syntype of B. handelii); idem [n. 4148 / Diar. Nr. 4148 / Leg. VI.-IX. 1914, 1915, 1916 collectores indigeni / (Diar. Nr. 661, 1182 1206, 1681, 1901)"] (W 1928-0001071 - herbarium.univie ID=1526399); 1. idem. 2. "Syntypus for Boschniakia handelii Beck / H. Rainer (W/WU) 2019-10-07" (WU 0107076 - herbarium.univie ID=1527545); "China [中国]. — Im nordwestlichen Teile der Provin Yünnan [云南]: bei der Stadt Lidjiang (Likiang [Lijiang / 丽江市]), vornehmlich auf dem Berge Yülung-schan [Yulong Xue Shan / Jade Dragon Snow Mountain / 玉龙雪山, Yulong County / 玉龙县] (Handel-Mazzetti, Iter sinense 1914/18, n. 4148! fruct.), bei dem Dorfe Yungning [Yongning] in gemischten Eichenwäldern ober dem Dorfe Dschadse [Zhazi] bei 3000 m Seehöhe im Juli 1915 (Handel-Mazzetti n. 7059 fruct.); zwischen den Flüssen Lu-djang (Salween) und Dijou-djang (Irrawadi [Irrawaddy River / Ayeyarwady] orient, super.) bei 27° 58' in der kalt, temper. Region der Tannen und Rhododendren bei 3650 m Seehöhe unter dem See Tsukue im Juli (Handel-Mazzetti n. 9531!); auf dem Joche Ulüla am Westabhange zwischen Rhododendrum bei 4000— 4085 m Seehöhe (Handel-Mazzetti n. 9285!)" (Beck 1930: 329, loc. class. of B. handelii); 1. "Handel-Mazzetti, Iter sinense 1914/18, / sumptibus Academiae scientiarum Vindobonensis susceptum. / Nr. 9285. / Boschniakia handelii G. Beck f. minor G. Beck / Prov. Yünnan [云南] bor.-occid.: Prope fines Tibeto-Birmanicas inter fluvios Lu-djiang (Salween) et Djiou-djiang (Irrawadi [Irrawaddy River / Ayeyarwady] orient. super.), in jugi [...], 27°52', lateris occident. regione alpina, inter Rhododendra. alt. s. m. ca. 4000-4085 m. / (Diar. Nr. 1761)". 2. "Holotypus for Boschniakia handelii Beck forma minor Beck / H. Rainer (W/WU) 2019-10-07" (WU 0107073 - herbarium.univie ID=1528241); idem [n. 9285 / Diar. Nr. 1761 / Leg. 4-VII-1916] (W 1928-0001078 - herbarium.univie ID=1526398, syntype of B. handelii f. minor); "China [中国]. — Im nordwestlichen Teile der Provin Yünnan [云南]: auf dem Joche Ulüla ... Cum n. 9265 [9285] supra citato (Handel-Mazzetti)" (Beck 1930: 329, loc. class. of B. handelii f. minor); 云南省 中甸县 碧塔海 [Bita Lake / 碧塔海, Shangri-La / 香格里拉 / Zhongdian / 中甸, Diqing Prefecture / 迪庆州], 1994.06.10, leg. 姚淦 [Yao Wei] 94-1029 (NAS 00242471; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019); 尹志坚,董洪进 452 / From Hua Dian Ba to Xiao Hua Dian Ba. E side of Cangshan mountain range, Dali, Yunnan (KUN 1220224; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019); Yangbi Xian [Yangbi Yi Autonomous County / 漾濞县 (Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture / 大理白族自治州)], W side of Diacang Shan / mountain range. En route from / Xueshanhe to Dapingzi. 2600-3000 m / 1984 Sino-Amer. Bot. Exped. No. 204 / 17 June 1984 / B. Bartholomew (CAS) et al. (KUN 0317896; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); "Flora of Yunnan Province, China / ... / Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson / Jianchuan County [Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture / 大理白族自治州]: At ranger station at entrance / to Laojun Shan Nature Reserve, / in mountains W of / Jianchuan; ... / elevation 3505 m. Last year's / infructescences, scattered under trees, parasitic on / Rhododendron oreotrepes [R oreotrephes W.W. Smith (R. artosquameum I.B. Balf. & Forrest; R. timeteum I.B. Balf. & Forrest)] and R. wardii [R. wardii W.W. Sm. (R. croceum I.B. Balf. & W.W. Sm.; R. litiense I.B. Balf. & Forrest)]. / 7 June 2002 / George Yatskievych 02-21 / with Wu Sugong, Nicholas Turland, Xiang Jianying" (MO 5561131 - Tropicos 9961; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2019); "Flora of Yunnan Province, China / ... / Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson / Jianchuan County [Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture / 大理白族自治州]:  Laojun Shan Nature Reserve, / in mountains W of Jianchuan, along stone trail leading / uphill from hotel at end of road; mosaic of / Rhodendron forest and Abies delavayi forest, with flat open / graminoid-dominated seepage areas; ... / elevation 3910 m. Last / year's infructescences, locally common under trees, / parasitic on Rhododendron phaeochrysum. / 7 June 2002 / George Yatskievych 02-26 / with Wu Sugong, Nicholas Turland, Xiang Jianying" (MO 5561151 - Tropicos 1889221 - Gbif 1259147775 et phytoimages.siu.edu 87914 by G. Yatskievych, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019); "Flora of Yunnan Province, China / ... / Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson / Zhongdian County [Shangri-La / 香格里拉]: Da Xue Shan, high elevation / pass ca. 140 km along road from Zhongdian N to Sichuan / Province; dwarf Rhododendron forest just above treeline; / ... elevation 4190 m. Last year's infructescences, locally / common, parasitic on roots of Rhododendron phaeochrysum. / 9 June 2002 / George Yatskievych 02-40 / with Wu Sugong, Nicholas Turland, Xiang Jianying" (MO 5561152 - Tropicos 1889322, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019); "Flora of Yunnan Province, China / ... / Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson / Zhongdian County [Shangri-La / 香格里拉]: Tian Chi [Tianchi / 天池] (Sky Lake), ca. 70 / km SW of Zhongdian; alpine lake in high / elevation valley ... 3800 m ... / parasitic on Rhododendron / 10 June 2002 / George Yatskievych 02-48 / with Wu Sugong, Nicholas Turland, Xiang Jianying" (MO 5561130 - Tropicos 1889100; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); 1. "Plants of the Gaoligong Shan Region, / Yunnan, China / ... / Gongshan [贡山县, Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture / 怒江州]: Bingzhongluo [Bingzhongluoxiang / 丙中洛乡]. About 4 direct km S of Gawagapu / mountain and ca. 15.9 direct km WSW of Bingzhongluo / in the next basin to the E of Chukuai lake, E side of Gaoligong Shan / Elev. 3880 / ... / on Rhododendron ... / Gaoligong Shan Biodiversity Survey 31404  25 Aug 2006". 2. "number 31404 ... / Boschniakia himalaica J.D. Hooker & Thomson / det: David E. Boufford 9.2012" (hast.biodiv.tw 137923 - HAST 137923.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); "Fresh and clean leaf materials of B. himalaica were collected from Dali county [Dali City / Tali / 大理市], Yunnan, China (N 25.87ş, E 100.01ş),and the plant materials and a voucher specimen (No. ZDQ17024) were deposited at Dali University" (Zhou 2019, sub B. himalaica); "Yunnan, Zhongdian [中甸, Shangri-La / 香格里拉, Diqing Prefecture / 迪庆州], Shika Shan, 4410 m [parasitic on R. saluenense subsp. chameunum (I.B. Balfour & Forrest) Cullen. (R. saluenense var. prostratum (W.W. Smith) R. C. Fang) (?)]" (harryjans.smugmug.com Yunnan-2011 i-3VFTRbX/A in SmugMug; accessed Nov 2019).

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India / Inde / Indien / Индия / 印度 (Hooker f. & Thomson 1884: 327, loc. class. of B. himalaica; Beck 1930: 330, sub X. himalaica; Semwal & Gaur 1981: 507, sub B. himalaica; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998: 239-240, sub B. himalaica; Rai & al. 2012: 937, sub B. himalaica; India Biodiversity 249941, accessed Sep 2019)

Arunachal Pradesh State: "Himalaya (Garhwal to NEFA [North-East Frontier Agency (Arunachal Pradesh)])" (Press & al. 2000, sub B. himalaica).

Himachal Pradesh State: "... / Flora of E. Himalaya / Changii / 12,310' / 14.7.1956 / No. 228 / Boschniakia himalaicaH.f. & T. / Dr. D. Chatterjee's Collector" (AMD.83972 - AMD.83972.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019); Rotang P. S [Rohtang La]; Himachal Pr., Kulu [Kullu], 1989-08-23, Det. J. Zázvorka (GMBA-HUP-85817 - Gbif 615282675 [n.v.]).

Jammu and Kashmir: "4. ... on Rhododendron campanulatum [R. campanulatum D. Don.] Kashmir 1878 Dr. Aitcheson" (Morris & al. 1973: 309, sub B. himalaica).

Sikkim State: "Herb. Ind. Or. Hook. fil & Thomson / Boschniakia HimalaicaH. f. & T. / Hab Sikkim [India]. Regio temp. / Alt. 10-12,000 ped, Coll. J.D.H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker]" (E 00273644 - specimen 290870, Harvard 687031 - GH 00914299.jpg [two specimens (one of them broken) on the left side of the sheet next to their label], K 000938933 - 883282.jpg [two specimens on the right side of the sheet next to their label], L.2825034 - L 2825034.jpg, L.2825035 - L 2825035.jpg, MNHM-P-P02968827 - P 02968827.jpg, MNHM-P-P02968828 - P 02968828.jpg, MPU 021194, snsb 260460 - M 0185512.jpg, O-V2256265, U.1469486 - U 1469486.jpg, W 0031524 - herbarium.univie ID=1526424, W-Rchb. 0079961 - https://herbarium.univie ID=1526422, W-Rchb. 1889-0005831 - herbarium.univie ID=1526421; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019, syntypes of B. himalaica); 1. "Herb. Ind. Or Hook. fil & Thomson / Boschniakia HimalaicaH.f. & T. / Hab Sikkim [India]. Regio temp. / Alt. 10-12,000 ped, Coll. J.D.H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker]". 2. "Rhododendron roots / ... / Lachen [North Sikkim district] ... [?] / 12000 ft leg [?]" (K 000938934 - 883283.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019, syntypes of B. himalaica); "Orobanchad - on Rhododendron root / ... / Boschniakia himalaica Hook & Th. (et Bth [?]) / Jongri [Dzongri, West Sikkim district] 13000 Sikkim / 25743 / 15 Oct 1875 / Coll C.B. Clarke / Comm 10/77" (K 001392680 - 1028015.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019, syntypes of B. himalaica); 1. "Herbarium Kewense. / Herbarium of J.S. Gamble, C.I.E., F.R.S., / Presented July, 1925.". 2. "Coll C.B. Clarke / Orobanchad / A "genus" of  Hooker & Thomson / grows on roots of Rhododendron (...) / ... / Boschniakia himalaica H.f. & Th. / Jongri [Dzongri, West Sikkim district] 13000 Sikkim / 258/2 / 15 Oct 1875". 3. "Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson / Examined for the Flora of North America Project / L.T. Collins, A.E.L. Colwell & G. Yatskievych —2015" (K 001392681 - 1028016.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019, syntypes of B. himalaica); 1. "Herb. Ind. Or Hook. fil & Thomson / Boschniakia HimalaicaH. f. & T. / Hab Sikkim [India]. Regio temp. / Alt. 10-12,000 ped, Coll. J.D.H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker]". 2. "Kumcha ... / ... 12000 ... [?]" (K - digimuse.nmns.edu.tw 0900000181f19360 - digimuse.nmns.edu.tw 0900000181f19362_nl.jpg - digimuse.nmns.edu.tw 0900000181f1937b_nl.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019, syntypes of B. himalaica); Sikkim, alt. 10-13,000 ft., J.D.H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker], Clarke" (Hooker f. & Thomson 1884: 327, loc. class. of B. himalaica); "Herbier de Ch. Alleizette / ... / 5353. Boschniakia hymalaicaH.f. & T. / Indes. Reg. du Sikkim - rég. Tanperú / ... / Juillet 1909" (L.2825033 - L.2825033.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019); "bis Sikkim bei 10000—13000' Seehöhe (J.D. Hooker und Clarke nach Hooker f.!)" (Beck 1930: 330, sub X. himalaica).

Uttarakhand / Uttaranchal State: "Himalayan Herbarium / R. Strachey and J.E. Winterbottom / No. 2 / Orobanche / Habitat Dwali [Bageshwar district] Kumaon. / Elevation above the Sea 8300 Feet." (Harvard 687031 - GH 00914298.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019 [only one specimen on the right side of the sheet next to its label], syntype of B. himalaica); "Himalayan Herbarium / R. Strachey and J.E. Winterbottom / No. 2 / Orobanche // Boschniakia HimalaicaH.f. & T. // Dwali 8300 Kumaon. / Habitat. Rumni Garwhál / Elevation above the Sea 10000 Feet." (K 000938933 - 883282.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019 [four specimens on the left side of the sheet next to their label], syntypes of B. himalaica); "Temperate and Subalpine Himalaya, on Rhododendron roots; Garwhal and Kumaon, alt. 8-10,000 ft., Strach. & Winterb." (Hooker f. & Thomson 1884: 327, loc. class. of B. himalaica); "In der gemäßigten und sub alpinen Region des Himalaja: Garwhal und Kumaon bei 8000 — 10000' Seehöhe (Strachey und Winterbottom nach Hooker)" (Beck 1930: 330, sub X. himalaica); "Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson Parasite on Rhododendron campanulatum [R. campanulatum D. Don.] with dense flowered ochreous brown racemes and tuberous base. Rawanshila [mountain range of Tunganath, Rudraprayag District, Garhwal Division], 3250 m. June 1978 (2776)" (Semwal & Gaur 1981: 507, sub B. himalaica); Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary [Chamoli and Rudraprayag] (Rai & al. 2012: 937, sub B. himalaica).

Uttar Pradesh: "Boschniakia himalaica etc. originating in southwest China reach only up to Kumaon in Uttar Pradesh" (Hajra & Rao 1990: 265, sub B. himalaica).

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Myanmar / Burma / Birmania / Birmanie / Birma / Мьянма / 缅甸

Kachin State / Wunpawng Mungdaw: "... / Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f. / Myanmar (Burna): Kachin, Putao Township, Watershed ridge / above glacial lake Camp / Lat/Log.: 27.66403: 96.95693 [ 27° 39' 51''N 96° 57' 25'' E] / Description: Parasitic herb on Rhododendron; in fruit / Alt. 4130 m / Hponyin Mountains Expedition / Philip Thomas with Thin Maung Soe & U Pone Yin / No. 33 / 14 Oct 2013" (E 00871850 - specimen 892518; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2019); idem (E 00871836 - specimen 892504; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2019).

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Nepal / Népal / Непал / 尼泊尔 (Miehe 1987: 239, sub B. himalaica; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998: 239-240, sub B. himalaica; Press & al. 2000, sub B. himalaica; Ghimire & al. 2008, sub B. himalaica; Bürzle & al. 2017: 197, sub B. himalaica)

Province No. 1: Khumbu / Everest Region "a [cold-deciduous] G bulb [bulbous geophytes] V [grazin grounds around the villages...] Mc. [D.J. McCosh. Cited specimens in BM] 306" (Miehe 1987: 239, sub B. himalaica); "Solu Khumbu, Dudh Kosi Valley (north west side), near Sarnassa Village / W.R. Sykes 494/94 / 1994-07-08 / Host Rhododendron campanulatum" (CHR 498631 [n.v.]); Solu Khumbu [Sagarmatha Zone], Imja Khola Valley, Deweche (=Deboche) / Collector: W.R. Sykes 124/00 / 2000-04-21 / Host on roots of Abies spectabilis or Rhododendron campanulatum (CHR 537394 - Gbif 1091223322 [n.v.]); Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f. / First Darwin Nepal Fieldwork Training Expedition No. 64 / 10 May 2004 / Nepal: Eastern Development Region: Sagarmatha, Path from Namche Bazaar to Thamo Latitude: 27° 48' 41'' N, Longitude: 86° 41' 45'' E / W-facing slope. Parasitic possibly on Rhododendron arboreum [R. arboreum Sm.] (E 00229219 [n.v.]); Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f. / First Darwin Nepal Fieldwork Training Expedition No. 248 / 23 May 2004 / Nepal: Eastern Development Region: Sagarmatha, Track from Tengboche to Namche Bazaar; Tengboche to Phunki Tenga Latitude: 27° 50' 4'' N, Longitude: 86° 44' 55'' E / SW-facing slope. Parastic herb on Rhododendron arboreum (E 00229088 [n.v.]); "(III) KCA: between Ghunsa [Taplejung District, Province No. 1] to Dudh Pokhari [Dudhpokhari, Lamjung District, Gandaki Pradesh Province] 3800 m (Pers. coll., June 2007)" (Ghimire & al. 2008, sub B. himalaica).

Province No. 3: "(II) LNP: Langtang [Langtang, Rasuwa District, Province No. 3] 3800 m; (II) LNP: ... Kyangjin [Langtang, Rasuwa District, Province No. 3] 3800 m (Prasai 2007)" (Ghimire & al. 2008, sub B. himalaica); "Rolwaling Valley [Dolakha Town, Bhimeshwar Municipality, Dolakha District] (27°52’ N; 86°25’ E [27°58′21″N 86°25′54″E]) in the central Himalaya, Nepal ... Above treeline, the mixed forest stands are replaced by the species-poor Boschniakia himalaica-Rhododendron campanulatum community, forming a dense krummholz belt." (Bürzle & al. 2017: 197, sub B. himalaica).

Gandaki Pradesh Province: "(II) LNP: ... Mangan-bhanjyang-Dobate [Gandaki Zone, Gandaki Pradesh Province] 3200 m (cited in DMP 1976); (III) KCA: between Ghunsa [Taplejung District, Province No. 1] to Dudh Pokhari [Dudhpokhari, Lamjung District, Gandaki Pradesh Province] 3800 m (Pers. coll., June 2007)" (Ghimire & al. 2008, sub B. himalaica).

Karnali Pradesh Province: Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson ex Hook. f. / Flora of Nepal Collecting Trip (2008) No. A240 / 21 June 2008 / Nepal: Karnali Zone: Humla District, Simikot Lagna, above Simikot Latitude: 29° 59' 19'' N, Longitude: 81° 48' 36'' E. Parasite on Rhododendron lepidotum [R. lepidotum Wall.] (E 00392108 [n.v.]); "(I) SPNP: Kunasa [Kunasa-Raman, Dolpa, Karnali Pradesh Province] 4100 m (Ghimire et al. 2001)" (Ghimire & al. 2008, sub B. himalaica).

No precise location: "Les échantillons utilisés pour cette étude ont été récoltés par J.F. Dobremez en 1972, au Népal. ŕ Guide Himal, 3 800 m d'altitude, exposition Nord. pente 40 %, sur Rhododendron campylocarpum Hook. f., lui-męme endémique de l'Himalaya central, croissant surtout dans les foręts humides de l'étage subalpin supérieur." (Ozenda & Capdepon 1978: 379, sub X. himalaica); "Localities of collection: (I) SPNP:  ...  (II) LNP: ... (III) KCA: ... Occurrence: Rare. Phenology: Flowering occurs in June-August. Parts use: Root. Local uses: In Dolpa, the root is used as digestive (it is mixed with other herbs) (Ghimire et al. 2001). In Langtang, root paste is applied in cuts and wounds for healing (Prasai 2007)" (Ghimire & al. 2008, sub B. himalaica); "Cent.: SSW 467 (fl.) & 5578 (fr.). East: McCosh 306 (fl.); Brough 16 (fr.); TI 720603. 2900-4300 m; Himalaya (Garhwal to NEFA [North-East Frontier Agency (Arunachal Pradesh)]), China, Taiwan." (Press & al. 2000, sub B. himalaica).

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Taiwan / Taiwán / Formosa / ROC / 中華民國 (Hayata 1914: 19, loc. class. of Boschniakia kawakamii; Beck 1930: 331, loc. class. of Xylanche kawakamii; Chang 1976: 87, loc. class. of Orobanche changii; Zhang & Tzvelev 1998: 239-240, sub B. himalaica; Yang & Lu 1998, sub B. himalaica; B. himalaica in DNPT, accessed Oct 2019; iNaturalist 32457981, accessed Oct 2019)

Chiayi County / 嘉義縣 / Ka-gi / Chiai: "Chiayi: Enroute to Yushan [Yu Shan / 玉山 / Mt. Morrison]. Huang et al. 14344" (Yang & Lu 1998, sub B. himalaica).

Hsinchu Hsien - County / 新竹縣: "Hsinchu: Tapachien, Sasaki s.n. 1932" (Yang & Lu 1998, sub B. himalaica); Chienshih Hsiang, 鴛鴦湖自然保留區along SsuMaKuSsu ancient trail (司馬庫斯古道), 2250 m, Chien-I Huang 4546, May 13, 2010 (hast.biodiv.tw 126898 - HAST 126898.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2019).

Hualien Hsien - County / 花蓮縣: "Hualien: Hoping loggin trail, Huang et al. 5139" (Yang & Lu 1998, sub B. himalaica); Hualien Hsien (花蓮縣), Hsiulin Hsiang [Xiulin Township / 秀林鄉], / Taroko National Park (太魯閣國家公園) ChengKung / Lodge (成功山屋) to the fork of the trails between / ChiLai N. Paek and ChiLaishan (奇萊主北叉路口) / ... 2390-2950 m / Abies forest and Yushania bamboo vegetation ... / Chih-Kai Yang 1670  & Richard Ree  June 11, 2008 (hast.biodiv.tw 120724 - HAST 120724.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019).

Nantou Hsien - County / 南投縣: "Nantou: Chyhyuanshanchuang, Tang 796" (Yang & Lu 1998, sub B. himalaica); Jenai Hsiang, 台14甲-(23~24k), 2700 m, Bi-Jao Wang 16298, October 10, 1989 (hast.biodiv.tw 31369 - HAST 031369.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2019); ibidem, 2700 m, October 10, 1989 (hast.biodiv.tw 31175 - HAST 031175.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2019); Nantou / 南投 (photos flickr 4590504137... by 翁明毅 in flickr, accessed Sep 2019).

New Taipei City / Taipei Hsien / 新北市: Taipei Hsien, Sanxia Town / 三峽區, / Nanchatienshan (南插天山, a mountain). / ... 1900 m / ... / Parasitic on Rhododendron formosanum Hemsl. / ... / Chien-I Huang 1396, 劉建華, 林佩蓉  November 7, 2002 (hast.biodiv.tw 96847 - HAST 096847.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019).

Taichung Hsien - City / 臺中市: "Taichung: Taiwan Province Road 14A (23k-24k), Wang 16298" (Yang & Lu 1998, sub B. himalaica); "National Museum of Natural Science / Taichung, Taiwan, R. O. China / ... / Host: Rhododendron pseudochrysanthum Hayata / Taichung Hsie, Hsuehshandungfeng (雪山東峰 [Xueshan East Peak / Mt. Sylvia East Peak, Shei-Pa National Park]) / Col.: J.S. Chiang / June 17, 2002 / Det.: C.M. Wang" (hast.biodiv.tw 117541 - HAST 117541.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); "Botanical Inventory of Taiwan / ... / ... Hoping Hsiang [Heping District / 和平區] / NanHu Cirque (南湖 圈谷) / Elev. ca. 3500 -3650 m / ... / Pi-Fong Lu 10026  July 6, 2005 / Herbarium, Academia Sinica, Taipei (HAST) / Gift from Ms. Pi-Fong Lu 呂碧鳳女士贈送標本" (hast.biodiv.tw 119604 - HAST 119604.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); "Botanical Inventory of Taiwan / ... / ... Hoping Hsiang [Heping District / 和平區] / Sheipa National Park (雪霸國家公園) en route from / 369 Lodge to Hsuehshan (雪山 [Xueshan], a mountain) / Elev. ca. 3100-3885 m / ... / Pi-Fong Lu 12103  July 11, 2006 / Herbarium, Academia Sinica, Taipei (HAST)" (hast.biodiv.tw 115885 - HAST 115885.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); "Botanical Inventory of Taiwan / ... / ... Hoping Hsiang [Heping District / 和平區] ... / Taroko National Park (太魯閣國家公園), en route from / Chungyangchienshan shelter to / Chungyangchienshan (中央尖山 [Central Range Point / Mount Chuosen / Mount Chung Yang / Zhongyang Jianshan / Jhongyang Jianshan / Chung-yang Chien-shant], a mountain). / 24°18'39"N, 121°24'36"E / Elev. ca. 3600 m / ... / Chien-I Huang 2761 & 劉建華, 葉大瑋, 趙淑枝 / August 2, 2006 / ..." (hast.biodiv.tw 114798 - HAST 114798.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2019); Hoping Hsiang [Heping District / 和平區] Sheipa National Park, Chien-I Huang 5327, Jun. 22, 2011 (hast.biodiv.tw/Photo id 0033927 by Kuo-Fang Chung - hast.biodiv.tw 131475 - HAST 131475.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2019); Nanhutashan (南湖大山 [Nanhu Mountain], a moutnain), Hsiachuanku (下圈谷, a cirque [Xueshan Cirque]), ca. 3400 m. Parasitic on Rhododendron nankotaisanense Hayata [R. pseudochrysanthum Hayata; R. pseudochrysanthum var. nankotaisanense (Hayata) T. Yamazaki], Wai-Chao Leong 3125 July 13, 2002 (hast.biodiv.tw 96556 - HAST 096556.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2019); "Botanical Inventory of Taiwan / ... / ... Hoping Hsiang [Heping District / 和平區], Shei-Pa National Park (雪霸國家公園). En route from / HsuehShan East Peak (雪山東峰) to 369 lodge, 3069 m / ... / Chien-I Huang 5300 Jun. 21, 2011 / Herbarium, Academia Sinica, Taipei (HAST)" (hast.biodiv.tw/Photo id 0034021 by Kuo-Fang Chung - hast.biodiv.tw 0034021 - HAST 131447.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2019 et hast.biodiv.tw/Photo id 0033877, hast.biodiv.tw/Photo id 0033878, hast.biodiv.tw/Photo id 0033879, hast.biodiv.tw/Photo id 0033880, hast.biodiv.tw/Photo id 0033881 et hast.biodiv.tw/Photo id 0034022 by Kuo-Fang Chung - HAST 131447; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2019).

Taoyuan City / 桃園市: "Taoyuan [Taiwan]: Nanchiatienshan (南插天山) [Fuxing District / 復興區], Chang 103" (Chang 1976: 87, loc. class. of Orobanche changii [Flora of Taiwan (2 ed.) 4: 715]); "Taoyuan: Nanchiatienshan [Fuxing District / 復興區], Chang 103 (Type of Orobanche changii) (Yang & Lu 1998, sub B. himalaica); Nanchatienshan (南插天山, a mountain) [Fuxing District / 復興區]. Parasitic on Rhododendron formosanum Hemsl. Chien-I Huang 1396 (hast.biodiv.tw 96847 - HAST 096847.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2019).

Yilan Hsien - County / 宜蘭縣 / I-lan / Ilan County: "Ilan: Nanhutashan, Huang 778" (Yang & Lu 1998, sub B. himalaica).

No precise location: Formosa [Taiwan / 臺灣]: "Mt. Morrison [Yu Shan / 玉山], ad 10000 ped. alt, leg. T. Kawakami et S. Sasaki, Oct. 1909" (Beck 1930: 331, sub Xylanche kawakamii); "China. Taiwan: Yushan, Oct., 1909, T. Kawakami & S. Sasaki s.n. (TI)" (Yu 2013).

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