Accepted Name - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 8 January 2024


Accepted Name:

Orobanche minor Sm., Engl. Bot. 6: 422 [t. 422] (1796-1797 [Dec 1796-Nov 1797])

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche minor var. genuina f. typica Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 210 (1930), nom. inval. [not validly published] (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3)

Orobanche minor f. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 252 [t. 4 f. 82] (1890), nom. inval. [not validly published] (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3)

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche minor Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 179 (1798 [24 May 1798]), later homonym (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 53.1; Rumsey & Jury 1991: 269, sub O. minor Sm.; https://www.ipni.org/n/662536-1 (accessed Jun 2009)). Syn.: Orobanche trachystigma f. minor (Sutton) Jess., Deut. Excurs.-Fl.: 120 (1879), nom. inval. Ind. loc.: United Kingdom: "Habitat in agris ad radices Trifolii pratensis non in fementis anno; et in pascuis inter Hypochoerin radicatam, &c. — Sheringham, Weyborn [Weybourne], Eaton, Frettenham [Norfolk County, East of England]" (Sutton 1798: 181, sub O. minor). Obs. "particularly the Rev. Mr. Sutton of Norwich, who has paid considerable attention to it, and who favoured us with this specimen last year from near Sheringham [Norfolk, East of England, United Kingdom]" (Smith 1796-1797: 422); "the figure in English Botany [t. 422] is taken from one of my specimens" (Sutton 1798: 181, sub O. minor)

= Orobanche minor Vahl, Fl. Dan.: t. 1219 [MCCXIX] (1799) ["Sutton in Trans. Act. Soc. Linn. Lond. Tom, 4 pag. 179"], pro syn. [nom. superfl.]. Syn.: ? = Orobanche nudiflora Wallr., Sched. Criti.: 310[-311] (1822) (Wallroth 1822: 311; Reichenbach 1829: 32, sub O. nudiflora Wallr.). Ind. loc.: Denmark: "Prope Raschenberg Fioniae [Nyborg, Funen] detexit Nic. Hofman, botanicus diligens et comes itineris botanici per Daniam 1707"

? = Orobanche barbata Poir. in Lam., Encycl. 4: 621 (1797 [1 Nov 1798]) (Pignatti 1982: 132) [nom. confus.?]. Ind. loc.: "Hispania [Spain]". Obs.: synonyms (Hoffmannsegg & Link 1806: 315); "cette plante est la même que mon orobanche barbata" (Poiret Encycl. Suppl. 4: 201. 1816); "mea opione melius ad O. mauritanicam G. Beck tranfertur" (Beck 1930: 213)

= Orobanche salisii Req. ex Bourgeau, exsicc. Corse: n. 301 (1818) ["Req.! ined. ap."] [in sched., nom. nud. (Cosson 1849: 9)]. Syn.: Orobanche salisii [Reut. ex] Coss., Notes Pl. Crit.: 9 (1849)

? = Orobanche apiculata Wallr., Sched. Criti.: 310 (1822) (Reuter 1847: 29, sub O. minor Sutton; Boulos 2002: 93, sub O. minor var. minor Sm.; Zázvorka 2000: 492, sub O. minor Sm.). Ind. loc.: Germany: "Ad Pelargonii graveolentis [Pelargonium graveolens (Thunb.) L'Hér. Geranium graveolens Thunb.] radicen enatam legi Seroel in [...] hortorum cl. Wilhelm [...] in Schola RoSslebensi. Jun. 1804 [Roßleben, Kyffhäuserkreis district, Thuringia]" (Wallroth 1822: 310, sub O. apiculata; Reuter 1847: 29). Obs. vide O. crenata

= Orobanche nudiflora Wallr., Sched. Criti.: 310[-311] (1822). Syn.: = ? Orobanche minor Vahl, Fl. Dan.: t. 1219 (1799) (Wallroth 1822: 311). Ind. loc.: "Ad radices Pruni Spinosae [Prunus spinosa L., mistaken host plant] auf dem Schachtberge prope RoSsleben [Roßleben, Kyffhäuserkreis district, Thuringia, Germany]. Jun" (Wallroth 1822: 312). Obs. "? O. minor Vahl, Fl. Dan. t. 1219" [1799] (Wallroth 1822: 311; Reichenbach 1829: 32, sub O. nudiflora Wallr., t. 656 f. 883 ["specimen Herbarii Wallrothiani"], t. 683 f. 916 [Wallroth: "ad Trifolii radices in Thuringia" lectum]; Greuter & al. 1989: 261). Herbarium Specimen: Lectotype: "1. „Orob. nudiflora / W.“ (the label is mounted directly on the left plant); 2. „Orobanche minor Sutt. / Ex agro Lausannensi [Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland] / Gag!“ and 3. „Orobanche nudiflora / prope Lausanne [Vaud, Switzerland] / Gag. / (S. O. minori titulo)“ (PR 11787). The further illegible revision label by an unknown author, written in German was added. The very left plant with label (no. 1) is selected here as a lectotype. According to the revison label of Pusch from January 2000 these plants correspond to the species Orobanche minor Sm." (Skočdopolová & Chrtek 2008: 26)

= Orobanche arvensis Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 33 (1827) (https://www.ipni.org/n/662136-1). Syn.: = Orobanche minor f. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 252 [t. 4 f. 82] (1890) (Beck 1930: 210). Ind. loc.: Belgium "In trifeliis" (Dumortier 1822: 33, O. arvensis)

= Orobanche du trèfle des prés Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 47 [t. 4] (1827), nom. inval. [not validly published] (Reuter 1847: 29, sub O. minor Sutton). Syn.: Orobanche trifolii-pratensis F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830). Obs.: "antheris nigrescentibus" (sec. Vaucher, l.c.); [= Orobanche minor Sutton / = Orobanche minor Wallr. / = Orobanche minor Willd. (Vaucher 1827: 47)]

= Orobanche du crithme maritime Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 (1827), nom. inval. [not validly published]. Syn.: Orobanche crithmi-maritimi F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830); Orobanche crithmi Bertol., Fl. Ital. 6: 424 (1846), nom. superfl.; Orobanche minor f. crithmi-maritimi (F.W. Schultz) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 253 (1890); = Orobanche unicolor Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3(2): 501 (1857) (Beck 1930: 211). Ind. loc.: "J’ai trouvé cette Orobanche sur les collines arides qui s’étendent de Savone à Nice [Italy (Liguria) -France (Alpes-Maritimes)]". Obs.: "Stigmate bilobo, rubro" (Vaucher 1827: 59). Parasite on Crithmum maritimum L. (Loret 1875: 49; Greuter & al. 1989: 261; Jeanmonod & Habashi 2008: 45, 48, 100)

= Orobanche de la Scabieuse colombaire Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 [t. 11] (1827), nom. inval. [not validly published]. Syn.: Orobanche concolor Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 350 (1828); Orobanche scabiosae-columbariae F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830). Ind. loc.: "On trouve cette Orobanche à la sortie de Fréjus, du côte de Lestrelles et tout long de la route jusqu’à Cannes [Alpes-Maritimes department, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, southeastern France] [...] Je l’ai cuillie plusieurs fois sur la Scabieuse colombaire [Scabiosa columbaria L.], une fois su Chaerophyllum sauvage [Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm. Chaerofolium sylvestre L.], une autre fois sur la Menthe de champs [Mentha arvensis L.].". Obs. "est tot entère d’un beau jaune paille […] anthères médiocres, un peu nirâtres et épineuses" (Vaucher 1827: 59). Herbarium Specimens: "Var / Orobanche concolor Duby / Reut. in DC. Prodr. 11 p. 23 / O. columbariae G. et G. II p. 634 / Ad Scabiosam marit. [Scabiosa maritima auct. non L. = Scabiosa columbaria L.], Bords / des champs près Hyères / 5 Mai 1863 (D.554) / Shuttleworth" (LY 0738083.jpg - hb. Georges Rouy in Roland Bonaparte - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3428245480 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/5D7D6189971644DEA527C31C24A159A0; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023)

= Orobanche concolor Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 350 (1828) ["Dub. mss."]. Syn.: Orobanche de la Scabieuse colombaire Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 [t. 11] (1827), nom. inval. [not validly published]; Orobanche minor var. concolor (Duby) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 214 (1930); = Orobanche paralias Corb. in Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie sér. 5(1): 185 (1897 [1907]) (Beck 1930: 214). Ind. loc.: "Scabiosae columbariae, Chaerophyllo sylvestri et Mentha arvensi parasiticam in Galloprov. ex Foro-Julii usquè ad Cannas [Cannes / Canas, France] reperiit cl. Vaucher et nomine O. Scabiosae-columbariae designat mon. p. 59. t. II. Obs. "Planta omnis lutea" (Duby 1828: 350); Orobanche de la Scabieuse colombaire Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 [t. 11] (1827) (Duby 1828: 350; Bubani 1897: 257). Herbarium Specimen: "Herbier Th. Delacour / Orobanche concolor Duby / Cannes (Alpes maritimes) / Croix des Gardes / Mai 1900!" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p03304313 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03304313 - P 03304313.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465115984 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/67F7BA04A42F42E881487ABA38243E26; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2014).

? = Orobanche bracteata Viv. in Ann. Stor. Nat. 4: 235 (1830). Syn.: ? = Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797) (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 26). Ind. loc.: France: "Nasce vicino a Bonifacio in Corsica [Corse]"

= Orobanche scabiosae-columbariae F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830) ["22. O. Scab. Columbariae Tab. XI"], nom. superfl. Syn.: Orobanche de la Scabieuse colombaire Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 [t. 11] (1827), nom. inval.; Orobanche concolor Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 350 (1828)

= Orobanche crithmi-maritimi F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830) ["21. O. Crithmi maritimi"]. Syn.: Orobanche du crithme maritime Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 (1827), nom. inval. [not validly published]

= Orobanche trifolii-pratensis F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830) ["10. O. Trifolii pratensis Tab. IV"], nom. illeg., pro. syn. Syn.: Orobanche du trèfle des prés Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 47 [t. 4] (1827), nom. inval. [not validly published]. Obs. [= O. minor Wallr. (Vaucher 1827: 47; Schultz 1830: 500-501)]

? = Orobanche carotae Des Moul. in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 2, 3: 78 (1835) ["4. Orobanche Carotae. Nob."]. Syn.: Orobanche picridis var. carotae (Des Moul.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 246 (1890); ? = Orobanche minor var. flavescens Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 22 (1847) (Reuter 1847: 29; Grenier 1853: 641; Beck 1890: 246, "[sensu] Grenier et Godron ... (1850)"); = O. picridis F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit. Blätt. 5: 504 (1830) (Greuter & al. 1989: 257). Ind. loc.: France: "Planta […], in sylvestri Dauco Carotâ [Daucus carota L.] parasitica, […] . Je la découvris à Lanquais [Dordogne department, Aquitaine], le 6 juillet 1827, dans un champ de blé [Triticum sp.] […] adhérens à des Daucus non fleuris […]". Obs. "Planta […], rubro-violacea  […] L’épi […] 1827, extrêmement allongée et grèle  […] long et très lâche […] 1828, au contraire […] Le stigmate est bilobé, violet […]" (Des Moulins 1835: 78-80)

= Orobanche angela R. Lesson, Flore Rochefortine: 371 (1835) (Tela Botanica, accessed Aug 2014). Ind. loc.: France: "parasite sur les racines l'Hippocrepis comosa; croît sur les hauts coteaux calcaires de la Bassetierre [Rochefort (Charente-Maritime)]". Obs. "stigmate ... jaune-d'or"; "sur Hippocrepis comosa" (Index synonymique France - Inra, accessed Aug 2014)

= Orobanche speciosa Salis, Enum. Pl. Cors.: 20 (1834), non Orobanche speciosa DC. in Lam. & DC., Fl. Franç. ed. 3, 5: 393 (1815) (Cosson 1849: 9)

= Orobanche crithmi Bertol., Fl. Ital. 6: 424 (1846), nom. superfl. Syn.: Orobanche crithmi-maritimi [Vaucher ex] F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830). Ind. loc.: "Habui ex Liguria occidua inter Saonam [Savona, Italy], et Nicaeam [Nice, France] a Rev. Vauchero. Floret Majo, Junio."

= Orobanche pumila [F.W. de Noë ex] Vis., Fl. Dalmat. 2: 179 (1847 [10-13 Nov 1847]) ["O. pumila Noë herb.!"], nom. illeg., pro syn. Syn.: Orobanche pumila [Koch & F.W. de Noë ex] Rchb. fil. in Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 104 [t. 165 f. 2 (8-14)] (1862); = Orobanche minor Sutton in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 179 (1798 [24 May 1798]), nom. superfl. (Visiani 1847: 179)

= Orobanche livida Sendtn. ex Vis., Fl. Dalmat. 2: 179 (1847 [10-13 Nov 1847]) ["O. livida Sendtner! in herb. Tommasin."], nom. inv., pro syn. Syn.: Orobanche livida Sendtn. ex Rchb. fil. in Rchb. & Rchb. fil., Iconogr. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 104 (1862); Orobanche livida Sendtn. ex Freyn. in Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 27: 393[-394] (1878), nom. illeg. (Beck 1930: 212); = Orobanche pumila [Koch & F.W. de Noë ex] Rchb. fil. in Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 104 [t. 165 f. 2 (8-14)] (1862) (Reichenbach fil. 1862: 104); = Orobanche minor var. adenostyla Vis., Fl. Dalmat. 2: 179 (1847) (Visiani 1847: 179)

= Orobanche bovei Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 24 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]). Syn.: Orobanche minor var. bovei (Reut.) Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algerie Tunisie: 254 (1905). Ind. loc.: "In Algeriâ (Bové! sub n. 224 cum aliâ spec. in h. Boissier mixtâ, in h. mus. Par. sub n. 137), ad radices Hyoseridis radiatae [Hyoseris radiata L.] (Bové!)"

= Orobanche hyalina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 24 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]). Syn.: Orobanche minor var. hyalina (Reut.) Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algerie Tunisie: 254 (1905); = Orobanche reuteri [F.W. Schultz ex] Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 24 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]), nom. illeg. (Beck 1930: 205). Ind. loc.: "In arenosis maritimis insulae Aeginae [Saronic Islands, Greece] rarissima (Spruner!)" (Jeanmonod 2007: 196, f. 6; Jeanmonod & Habashi, 2008: 45). Herbaium Specimens: "Holotypus d'O. hyalina: «Orobanche hyalina Mihi, In aren. maritimis Insul. Aeginae rarissima, Herbarium Guilielmi a Spruner» (G, nº G00001466")!; 1. "Orobanche hyalina Mihi / In aren. maritimis Insul. Aeginae rarissime / Herbarium Guilielmi a Spruner.". 2. "Orobanche Reuteri mihi / (O. hyalina Sprun. non Schultz) / ... / ... / ... F. Schultz". – 3. "Orobanche hyalina Spruner! / herb. Reut. in DC. prod. ... /  Orobanche Reuteri Fr. Schultz! in litt." (G 00001466 - n° SIB 129984/1)

= Orobanche reuteri [F.W. Schultz ex] Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 24 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]), nom. inv., pro syn. Syn.: = Orobanche hyalina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 24 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]) (Reuter 1847: 24; Beck 1930: 205)

? = Orobanche grisebachii Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 28 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]). Syn.: Orobanche minor subsp. grisebachii (Reut.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 562 (1881); Orobanche minor var. grisebachii (Reut.) Hadidy in Boulos, Fl. Egypt Checklist: 140 (1995). Obs. O. grisebachii Reut. is conspecific to O. minor Sutton (Boissier 1879: 512; Domina & Raab-Straube 2010). However, according to Greuter & al. (1989: 264) it is conspecific to O. palaestina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 718 (1847). But in the opinion of other authors, it is considered to be an independent species very closely allied to O. crenata (Gilli 1982: 90-91; Pils 2006: 259 photo)

= Orobanche pumila [Graaf & F.W. de Noë ex] Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 29 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]), nom. inv., pro syn. Syn.: Orobanche pumila [Koch & F.W. de Noë ex] Rchb. fil. in Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 104 [t. 165 f. 2 (8-14)] (1862); = Orobanche minor var. flavescens Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 22 (1847) (Reuter 1847: 29)]

Orobanche palaestina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 718 (1847) [25 Nov 1847 (IPNI)]. Syn.: Orobanche minor var. palaestina (Reut.) Pau. Obs. O. grisebachii Reut. is conspecific to O. minor Sutton (Boissier 1879: 512; Domina & Raab-Straube 2010). However, according to Greuter & al. (1989: 264) it is conspecific to O. grisebachii Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 718 (1847).

= Orobanche salisii [Req. ex] Coss., Notes Pl. Crit.: 9 (1849). Syn.: Orobanche salisii Req. ex Bourgeau, exsicc. Corse: n. 301 (1818) ["Req.! ined. ap."] [in sched., nom. nud. (Cosson 1849: 9)]; Orobanche minor subsp. salisii ([Reut. ex] Coss.) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 189 (1909). Ind. loc.: "Cette plante a été recueillie, au mois de mai 1817, pur M. Requien, à Ajaccio [Corse-du-Sud (2A), Corsica, France], dans le jardin Sébastiani, où elle était parasite sur le Chrysanthemum Myconis [Coleostephus myconis (L.) Rchb. fil.]" (Jeanmonod & Habashi 2008: 45, 47, 56 "Chrysanthemum myconi, 4. 1848, Requien, E., s.n. (G)", 73-74). Herbarium Specimens: Lectotypus: 1. "Orobanche Salisii Req. / Ajaccio - Mai 47 / Requien". – 2. "Orobanche minor Sm. / Jeanmonod, D.   determ. anno 2007" (G 00001191 - n° SIB 71663/2). Isolectotypus "Orobanche Salisii Req. / Ajaccio In Chrysanthemum Myconis - Mai 47 / Requien" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384926 - P 04384926.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464649297 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/2F7CF614611A4D69B78676011F4B2598; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2016 [two specimens which are close to their label]); "E. Bourgeau, Corse. n.º 301 / Orobanche Salisii, Req. ined! / O. speciosa, Salis enum pl. Cors. / O. australis? Moris, ap. Reuter in prodr. / (Req. et Coss.) / super radicibus Chrysanthemi Myconis / crescens. / Ajaccio, Jardin Sébastiani. / Mai, 1847 Collect. Requien" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419102 - P 04419102.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464794536 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/374B448C9CDC44F397AAA404B9A201E3; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2016); "Orobanche Salisii / in helychryso angustifolio / Ajaccio Mai 1847 / Requien 1849" (P 04419101.jpg - hb. Grenier; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2016)

? = Orobanche abyssinica A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 137 (1851) (Beck 1930: 210; Boulos 2002: 93). Syn.: = Orobanche minor f. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 252 [t. 4 f. 82] (1890) (Beck 1930: 210). Ind. loc.: "Crescit parasitica in radicibus Guizotiae oleiferae [Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass. = G. oleifera DC. & A. DC., nom. illeg. (Asteraceae)], in diversis Abyssiniae partibus (Quartin Dillon et Ant. Petit)" (Stapf 1906: 467). Herbarium Specimens: Lectotype: "Choa [Shewa / Shoa]" (http://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00102806 - P 00102806 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438300687 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/26551FF9BFAE42FC87A2091C49144198; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2014); Syntype: "Menisa [Oromiya]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00102807 - P 00102807 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438967153 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A8914153657E4D63892EA1FE36C6B0CF; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2014)

= Orobanche columbariae Gren. in Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 2: 634 (1853 [1852 publ. early 1853]) [view IPNI entry]. Syn.: Orobanche de la Scabieuse colombaire Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 [t. 11] (1827), nom. inval. [not validly published]. Ind. loc.: "Hab. Sur les racines du Scabiosa Colunbaria, du Chaerophyllum sylvestre, du Mentha arvensis, etc; [France:] la Provence, Cannes, Fréjus, Hyères, etc." (Grenier 1853: 634). Herbarium Specimens: "Var / Orobanche concolor Duby / Reut. in DC. Prodr. 11 p. 23 / O. columbariae G. et G. II p. 634 / Ad Scabiosam marit. [Scabiosa maritima auct. non L. = Scabiosa columbaria L.], Bords / des champs près Hyères / 5 Mai 1863 (D.554) / Shuttleworth" (LY 0738083.jpg - hb. Georges Rouy in Roland Bonaparte - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3428245480 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/5D7D6189971644DEA527C31C24A159A0; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023)

? = Orobanche hians Boiss. & Huet in Plantae Orientales exsiccatae (1853) [in sched.]. Herbarium Specimen: Type: 1. "Huet du Pavillon / Plantae Orientales exsiccatae / Orobanche hians Boiss. et Huet / In neglectis (spec. nova) / Inter Trapezuntem [Trabzon / Trapezunt, Turkey] et Baibout [Bayburt, Turkey] / Maio 1853. Armenia". – 2. "O. minor Sutt. / f. [?]" (K 000061369 - Hb. Hookerianum 1867 - http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000061369 - http://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/665216.jpg; rev. Solms-Laubach; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2015)

= Orobanche unicolor Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3(2): 501 (1857) ["1901. O. unicolor. Bor. (O. unicolore.) O. concolor. FI. cent, non Duby."]. Syn.: Orobanche minor subsp. unicolor (Boreau) Rouy in Revue Bot. Syst. 2: 164 (1904); Orobanche minor var. unicolor (Boreau) Gentil, Inv. Pl. Vasc. Sarthe: 184 (1892) (Rouy 1904: 164); = Orobanche du crithme maritime Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 (1827), nom. inval. (Beck 1930: 211). Ind. loc.: France: "Nièv [Nièvre]. Pente du coteau de Neuilly près Pougues [Pougues-les-Eaux]. — Sarthe. Conflans [Conflans-sur-Anille], sur le Trifoiium pratense (Diard). — M.-et-L. [Maine-et-Loire] Brain-sur-l'Authion, prés de Rosseau, sur le Lotus (de Senot)" (Boreau 1857: 501). Obs. "Plante de 2 à 4 déc. d'un beau jaune dans toutes ses parties" (Boreau 1857: 501)

= Orobanche pumila [Koch & F.W. de Noë ex] Rchb. fil. in Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 104 [t. 165 f. 2 (8-14)] (1862 [22 Dec 1862]) (Pignatti 1982: 132). Syn.: Orobanche pumila [F.W. de Noë ex] Vis., Fl. Dalmat. 2: 179 (1847 [10-13 Nov 1847]), nom. inv., pro syn.; Orobanche pumila [Graaf & F.W. de Noë ex] Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 29 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]), nom. inv., pro syn.; Orobanche minor f. pumila ([Koch & F.W. de Noë ex] Rchb. fil.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 252 (1890); = Orobanche livida Sendtn. ex Vis., Fl. Dalmat. 2: 179 (1847); = Orobanche livida Sendtn. ex Rchb. fil. in Rchb. & Rchb. fil., Iconogr. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 104 (1862). Ind. loc.: "Crescit in Gnaphalio angustifolio [Gnaphalium angustifolium Lam. Helichrysum litoreum Guss.] in Croatia, Istria [...] Fiume [Rijeka, Primorje-Gorski Kotar County, Croatia] im Februar 1836 Noë!  Osero [Osor / Ossero, Cres island, isole dell'arcipelago del Quarnero / Kvarner, Primorje-Gorski Kotar County], Cherso [Cres / Kersch / Crepsa / Chersos] Noë! — Bei Chinuschi auf der Insel Losino [Lussino / Losinj] 17. Mai 1846. Auf der Insel Levrera [Zeča] im Quarnero [Kvarner Gulf] 2. Juni 1842. Tommasini!". Herbarium Specimen: Type: "Herbarium Hookerianum 1867 // Orobanche pumila mihi / Ossero ... Auf Gnafalium / Stoechas [Helichrysum stoechas (L.) Moench (≡ Gnaphalium stoechas L.)] / Ex Herbar.: Noé // O. minor v. pumila / Beck. Mon. 252" (K 000759345 - http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000759345 - http://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/400396.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2013). Obs. = var. flavescens Reut. (Reuter 1847: 29)

? = Orobanche boissieri Rchb. fil. in Rchb. & Rchb. fil., Iconogr. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 118, t. 217 f. 2 (1862 [22 Dec 1862]). Ind. loc.: "In Algerio [Algeria]: Oran ad radices Orlayae maritimae [Pseudorlaya pumila (L.) Grande; Orlaya maritima Gouan ex W.D.J. Koch, nom. illeg.] 1849. Boissier et Reuter!". Herbarium Specimens: "B. Balansa, Pl. d'Algérie, 1852 / 410. Orobanche minor, Sutt. / β flavescens, Reut. / (Reuter.) / Mostaganem, parasite sur l'Orlaya maritima. / 22 avril." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02977824 - P 02977824.jpg - hb. Drake - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439105231; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2018). Obs. "Orobanchi amethysteae Thuill. affinis videtur."

= Orobanche livida Sendtn. ex Rchb. fil. in Rchb. & Rchb. fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 104 (1862 [22 Dec 1862]), nom. illeg., pro syn. Syn.: Orobanche livida Sendtn. ex Vis., Fl. Dalmat. 2: 179 (1847); Orobanche livida Sendtn. ex Freyn. in Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 27: 393[-394] (1878), nom. illeg. (Beck 1930: 212); = Orobanche pumila [Koch & F.W. de Noë ex] Rchb. fil. in Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 104 [t. 165 f. 2 (8-14)] (1862) (Reichenbach f. 1862: 104). Ind. loc.: Insel Levrera [Zeča] im Quarnero [Kvarner Gulf, Croatia] 2. Juni 1842. Tommasini!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 104)

= Orobanche alostensis Demoor. ex T. Durand & Donck. in Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 12: 397 (1873), pro syn. Syn.: = Orobanche minor var. flavescens Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 29 (1847); = Orobanche carotae Des Moul. in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 2, 3: 78 (1835). Ind. loc.: Belgique, Liège: "Meuse: St-Maur A (HD.)"

? = Orobanche laxa Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 109 (1874). Syn.: Orobanche amethystea var. galactitis Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 662 (1890 [Dec 1890]) ["O. amethystina Thuillier α Galactitis"]. Ind. loc.: "[Algeria] Alger (Durando)" (Pomel 1874: 109). "Sur Galactiles tomentosa, Helminthia Echioides et diverses composées. Cette plante est peut-être l'O. barbata Poiret. O. laxa Pomel me semble être une forme appauvrie, à sépales subentiers. (v. s. herb. Pomel.)" (Battandier 1890: 662). Herbarium Specimens: Syntypes: "Université d Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche laxa Pomel / Type! / = O. amethystea Thuill / var. Galactitis Batt. / Alger  leg. Durando" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu004863 - MPU 004863.jpg - hb. Pomel - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424541754; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2016); "Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche laxa Pomel / Type! / = O. amethystea Thuill / var. Galactitis Batt. / Alger  leg. Durando" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p00083140 - P 00083140.jpg - hb. Pomel - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437575626; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2016)

= Orobanche ambigua Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 109 (1874), non Orobanche ambigua Moris, Diagn. Stirp. Sard.: 2 (1857) (Dobignard & Chatelain 2013; https://www.ipni.org/n/662102-1). Syn.: Orobanche minor var. ambigua (Pomel) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 662 (1890 [Dec 1890]); Orobanche minor f. ambigua (Pomel) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 214 (1930); = Orobanche oranensis Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 256 (1890) (Beck 1930: 214). Ind. loc.: "[Algeria] sur labiées ? Environs d'Oran". Obs. "Fleurs beaucoup plus étroites que celles d'O. amethystea et plus régulièrement arquées" (Pomel 1874: 109). "auf Orlaya maritima Hoffm. (Diels!)" (Beck 1930: 214, sub f. ambigua). Herbarium Specimens: Types: "Université d Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche ambigua Pomel / Type! / Oran (sur Labiées ?) / leg. A. Pomel" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00083148 - P00083148 - hb. Pomel.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438198384 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/4EFD3EE82B434632A1FE7159882C6C38; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2022); 1. "Orob. ambigua Pom. / ... / Oran / ...". – 2. "Université d Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche ambigua Pomel / Type! / Oran (sur Labiées ?) / leg. A. Pomel" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu059364 - MPU 059364 - hb. Pomel et Maire.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424835619 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A9EC34B9D2C1432EA02050BDB441C345; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2022); "Université d Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche minor Sutt. / var. ambigua (Pomel) Batt. / Oran / leg. A. Pomel" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu004864 - MPU 059364 - hb. Maire et Battandier.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424541761; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2022)

= Orobanche livida Sendtn. ex Freyn. in Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 27: 393[-394] (1878), nom. illeg. (Beck 1930: 212). Syn.: Orobanche livida Sendtn. ex Vis., Fl. Dalmat. 2: 179 (1847); Orobanche livida Sendtn. ex Rchb. fil. in Rchb. & Rchb. fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 104 (1862 [22 Dec 1862]), nom. illeg., pro syn.; = Orobanche minor var. adenostyla Vis., Fl. Dalmat. 2: 179 (1847) (Freyn 1878: 393); = "O. minor Tomm. Oesterr. botan. Zeitschr. XXIII. 226! und Biasoletto in Flora 1829!". Ind. loc.: [Istria County, Croatia]: "Auf den unfruchtbarsten, sonnigen Hügeln, auf Helichrysum angustifolium schmarotzend; hierzulande die gemeinste Orobanche, aber dennoch nur hie und da anzutreffen: bei Peroi, Galesàno, im V. Zonchi [Uvala Conki / Valle Zonche / Valle Zonchi / Zonchi Bay], bei Pola [Pula] (Mt. Daniele, Mt. Michele), V. Bado, Altura, Veruda und Promontore; auch auf beiden Brioni [Brijuni]; Cielo und Levano gr. (Biasoletto 1828)." (Freyn 1878: 394). Obs. "in herb. Tommas, ex Vis. et fide Tommas, in litt.!" (Freyn, 1878: 393). Herbarium Specimens: "26125 / Société Hélvétique / Orobanche livida Sendtn. / Parasitica ad radices Helichrysi angustifolii [Helichrysum italicum (Roth) G. Don subsp. italicum ?] in / collibus prope Pola Istria [Pula, Istria County, Croatia] solo calc., alt. 50 m. / d. 30 Maio 1877 leg. J. Freyn" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02968684 - P 02968684.jpg - hb. Durand - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438446401 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/AC7B92DC688647B8B9D3794427CF74CD; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2018); "P. Sintenis: Iter orientale 1892. / No. 5349 / Orobanche livida Sendtner / [Turkey] Paphlagonia, Wilajet Kastambuli [Kastamonu Province]. / Tossia (Tosya): in montosis. / determ. J. Freyn" (P 02968684.jpg - hb. Durand; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2018, sub Orobanche livida Sendtn. ex Freyn); idem [VI] (P 02968683; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2018, sub Orobanche livida Sendtn. ex Freyn).

= Orobanche columbarihaerens St.-Lag., Cat. Fl. Bass. Rhône: 609 (1883). Syn.: Orobanche de la Scabieuse colombaire Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 [t. 11] (1827), nom. inval.

= Orobanche hydrocotylei Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 21: 41 (1888 [1889]) [Trans. N. Zeal. Inst. 21: 41 (1889)] (https://www.ipni.org/n/662418-1). Syn.: Orobanche minor var. genuina f. hydrocotylei (Pomel) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 213 (1930). Ind. loc.: New Zealand: "Hab. Parasitical on the roots of a small spreading Hydrocotyle (H. sibthorpioides, Col.), the foster plant originally brought from forests near Dannevirke [Tararua District, Manawatu-Whanganui], County of Waipawa [Waipawa County Council]; 1887: W.C." (Colenso 1889: 42). Herbarium Specimens: Types: 1. "Orobanche / Hydrocotylei, Col. / Trans. N. Z. Ilust. / vol. XXI / com. W. Colenso 5.90". – 2. " Neu Seelands" (K 000797761 - http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000797761 - http://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/451014.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/912606528; rev. R. Piwowarczyk & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2022 [inflorescence very lax, flowers typical])

? = Orobanche aethiopica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 258 (1890). Ind. loc.: "Inter segetes Faba cultas supra Fassoglu et Tumad Kassan [Fazokel / Fazokl / Fazogli, was a district in colonial Egypt under British rule. It lay on the border of present day Sudan (Blue Nile) and Ethiopia] Aethiopiae, Januario 1838 (leg. Kotschy nr. 426). Vidi in herb. Vindob". Herbarium Specimens: 1. "No. 426. / ... / Inter segetes Fabae vulgaris supra / Fassoglu et Tumad Kassan / Aethiopiae. die 25 Januarii 1838 Kotschy 1838". 2. – "Orobanche aethiopica m. / det. Dr. G. Beck [m. Beck]". 3. – "Holotypus / ..." (W 0014818 - https://w.jacq.org/W0014818 - https://www.jacq.org/detail.php?ID=294337; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2021)

= Orobanche oranensis Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 256 (1890). Syn.: = Orobanche ambigua Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 109 (1874), non Orobanche ambigua Moris, Diagn. Stirp. Sard.: 2 (1857)

= Orobanche paralias Corb. in Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie sér. 5(1): 185 (1897 [1907]) (Beck 1930: 214). Syn.: = Orobanche concolor Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 350 (1828). Ind. loc.: France, Normandy, Manche: "Sables maritimes non fixés, sur Euphorbia Paralias! RR. M. dunes de Biville!" (Corbire 1897 [1907]: 186)

? = Orobanche littoralis Welw. ex J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 159 (1904) [in sched., unpublished name]. Syn.: = Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii subvar. helichrysi J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 151, 159 (1904); = Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii subvar. leucothrix J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 152, 159 (1904)

= Orobanche maritima Pugsley in J. Bot. 78: 110 (1940). Syn.: Orobanche minor subsp. maritima (Pugsley) Rumsey in Watsonia 26(4): 474 (2007 [Aug 2007]); Orobanche minor var. maritima (Pugsley) Rumsey & Jury in Watsonia 17: 444 (1989). Ind. loc.: "holotype: Seacombe, Dorset [Dorset / Dorsetshire, South West England, England, United Kingdom], Pugsley 587 (BM)" (Rumsey 2007: 474); "Paratypes: Dover to Folkestone, 1882, Bennett (BM); Downderry, East Cornwall, 1876, Briggs (BM)" (Rumsey 2007: 474)

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? = Orobanche minor subsp. grisebachii (Reut.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 562 (1881). Syn.: Orobanche grisebachii Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 28 (1847)

= Orobanche minor subsp. unicolor (Boreau) Rouy in Revue Bot. Syst. 2: 164 (1904). Syn.: Orobanche unicolor Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3(2): 501 (1857); Orobanche minor var. unicolor (Boreau) Gentil, Inv. Pl. Vasc. Sarthe: 184 (1892) (Rouy 1904: 164); = Orobanche du crithme maritime Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 (1827), nom. inval. (Beck 1930: 211)

= Orobanche minor subsp. salisii ([Reut. ex] Coss.) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 189 (1909). Syn.: Orobanche salisii [Reut. ex] Coss., Notes Pl. Crit.: 9 (1849)

? = Orobanche mauretanica subsp. helichrysi (J.A. Guim.) Cout., Fl. Portugal: 570 (1913). Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii subvar. helichrysi J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 151, 159 (1904)

= Orobanche minor subsp. maritima (Pugsley) Rumsey in Watsonia 26(4): 474 (2007 [Aug 2007]). Syn.: Orobanche maritima Pugsley in J. Bot. 78: 110 (1940). Ind. loc.: England. Obs. "O. minor var. maritima appears to be largely restricted to steep calcareous sea cliffs, where it almost exclusively parasitizes Daucus carota subsp. gummifer, but it is occasionally found in dune grasslands." (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 272). "The distinctiveness of subsp. maritima from subsp. minor is corroborated by both morphological and DNA sequence data that support their distinction at the sub-specific rank (Thorogood et al., 2008; Thorogood et al., 2009b)" (Thorogood & Rumsey 2020: 225). Ic: Thorogood 2009 "[photo] B shows O. minor subsp. maritima on Daucus carota"

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= Orobanche minor var. glabra Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 55 (1825) ["α"] (Wallroth 1825: 55, "O. flore minore Dill. in Raj. syn. 288")

= Orobanche minor var. hirsuta Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 55 (1825) ["β"] (Wallroth 1825: 55). Syn.: = Orobanche barbata Poir. in Lam., Encycl. 4: 621 (1798) (Wallroth 1825: 55); = Orobanche minor f. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 252 [t. 4 f. 82] (1890) (Beck 1930: 210)

= Orobanche minor var. flava Regel in Otto & Dietr., Allg. Gartenz.: 284 (1842) (Beck 1930: 214; Stace 1991: 750). Syn.: = Orobanche concolor Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 350 (1828). Ic: Thorogood, 2009 "[photo] C shows O. minor var. flava on Trifolium repens"

= Orobanche minor var. adenostyla Vis., Fl. Dalmat. 2: 179 (1847 [10-13 Nov 1847]). Syn.: = Orobanche livida Sendtn. ex Vis., Fl. Dalmat. 2: 179 (1847). Ind. loc.: "... varietatis iisdem locis, et circa Sebenico [Šibenik, Dalmatia, Croatia] supra Medicaginem lupulinam [Medicago lupulina L.]". Obs. "stylo sparsim piloso-glanduloso" (Visiani 1847: 179)

= Orobanche minor var. flavescens Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 29 (1847 [25 Nov 1847]) ["β"]. Syn.: = Orobanche carotae Des Moul. in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 2, 3: 78 (1835) (Reuter 1847: 29; Grenier 1853: 641; Beck 1890: 246, "[sensu] Grenier et Godron ... (1850); Beck 1930: 203"). Ind. loc.: "In arenosis regionis Mediterraneae, ad radices variarum plantarum [...] Hypochoeridis radicatae! Galactitis tomentosae! Dauci criniti [Daucus crinitus Desf.], etc. in Algeriâ!, Hispaniâ australi, Galliâ meridionali prope Monspelium et Fluminem Illyriae (Graaf!)". Type: "lectotypus: ... Estepona ... G, ex herbier Boissier ... syntypi: ... Gibraltar ... Estepona ... Sierrae Nevadae ... Fiume ... G" (Burdet & al. 1988: 728). Herbarium Specimens: Lectotypus: Estepona, 36°25′59″N 5°7′59″O [Málaga, Andalucía, Spain] (G 00383272 - n° SIB 286722/1). Syntypi: Estepona (G 00383266 - n° SIB 286725/1); Gibraltar (G 00383270 - n° SIB 286723/1); in arvis Sierrae Nevadae, Boissier, 1837 (G 00383280 - n° SIB 286726/1); Circa Fiume [Rijeka, Croatia], F. Graf (G 00383279 - n° SIB 286727/1)

= Orobanche minor var. ambigua (Pomel) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 662 (1890 [Dec 1890]). Syn.: Orobanche ambigua Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 109 (1874), non Orobanche ambigua Moris, Diagn. Stirp. Sard.: 2 (1857); Orobanche minor f. ambigua (Pomel) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 214 (1930)

? = Orobanche picridis var. carotae (Des Moul.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 246 (1890) ["β. (Orobanche Carotae) Des Moulins."]. Syn.: Orobanche carotae Des Moul. in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 2, 3: 78 (1835)

? = Orobanche amethystea var. galactitis Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 662 (1890 [Dec 1890]) ["O. amethystina Thuillier α Galactitis"]. Syn.: Orobanche laxa Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 109 (1874)

= Orobanche minor var. unicolor (Boreau) Gentil, Inv. Pl. Vasc. Sarthe: 184 (1892) (Rouy 1904: 164). Syn.: Orobanche unicolor Boreau, Fl. Centre France, ed. 3(2): 501 (1857); Orobanche minor subsp. unicolor (Boreau) Rouy in Revue Bot. Syst. 2: 164 (1904)

= Orobanche minor var. lutea Tourlet in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 1: 421 (1903) ["Orobanchee minor Sutt. var. lutea Nob."] (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 271). Syn.: Orobanche minor f. lutea (Tourlet) Thorogood & Rumsey in British & Irish Botany 2(3): 228 (2020); = Orobanche concolor Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 350 (1828) (Beck 1930: 214); = Orobanche minor var. concolor (Duby) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 214 (1930). Ind. loc.: France, Indre-et-Loire (37): "R. Sur le Trèfle cultivé a Marcé-sur-Esves!, la Celle-Saint-Avant!, Balesmes ! , Abilly!" ( Tourlet 1903: 421). Obs. "Plante entièrement janue (même le stigmate)" (Tourlet 1903: 421)

= Orobanche minor var. bovei (Reut.) Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algerie Tunisie: 254 (1905) ["δ"]. Syn.: Orobanche bovei Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 24 (1847)

= Orobanche minor var. hyalina (Reut.) Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algerie Tunisie: 254 (1905) ["γ"]. Syn.: Orobanche hyalina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 24 (1847)

= Orobanche minor var. conciliata (Beck ex M.C. Murrray) Druce in Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 2-3 [Rep. 1907]: 258 (1907 [1908]) ["as forma"]. Syn.: Orobanche minor var. genuina f. conciliata Beck ex M.C. Murrray in Ann. Scott. Nat. Hist. 64: 253 (1907)

= Orobanche major var. hypochaeroides (Beck ex Druce) Druce in Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 2-3 [Rep. 1907]: 258 (1907 [1908]) ["Beck as forma"]. Syn.: Orobanche ritro var. hypochaeroides (Beck ex Druce) Druce in J. Bot.: 300 (1911) (Beck 1922: 36[468], "sine descriptione"); Orobanche minor subsp. maritima var. hypochoeridis (Beck ex Druce) Rumsey in Watsonia 26(4): 476 (2007); Orobanche major f. hypochoeridis (Beck ex Druce) Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 36[468] (1922). Ind. loc.: United Kingdom: "A most beautiful and distinct plant, of a bright citron-yellow colour, very glandular. Its nearest ally is O. elatior, Sutt. St. Ouen's, Jersey. See 'Journ. Bot.' p. 425, 1907, and 'Rep. Linn. Soc.'..." (Druce 1908: 258)

= Orobanche minor var. occitanica Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 188 (1909). Syn.: ? = Orobanche du crithme maritime Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 (1827), nom. inval. (Beck 1930: 211)

= Orobanche ritro var. hypochaeroides (Beck ex Druce) Druce in J. Bot.: 300 (1911) (Beck 1922: 36[468], "sine descriptione"). Syn.: Orobanche major var. hypochaeroides (Beck ex Druce) Druce in Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 2-3 [Rep. 1907]: 258 (1907 [1908]); Orobanche minor subsp. maritima var. hypochoeridis (Beck ex Druce) Rumsey in Watsonia 26(4): 476 (2007); Orobanche major f. hypochoeridis (Beck ex Druce) Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 36[468] (1922). Ind. loc.: United Kingdom: "Orobanche Ritro Gren. & Godr. var. hypochaeroides.— This very beautiful Orobanche, conspicuous for its pure yellow colour, is parasitic on Hypochoeris radicata and other composites at St. Ouen's Bay, Jersey (Journ. Bot. 1907, 425, and Rep. Bot. Exch. Club, 1907, 258), where the Rev. L.V. Lester-Garland showed it me in 1906, when I at once saw that it did not belong to the O. minor section..." (Druce 1911: 300)

Orobanche minor var. palaestina (Reut.) Pau in Bull. Geograph. Botanic 23. Syn.: Orobanche palaestina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 718 (1847)

= Orobanche minor var. concolor (Duby) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 214 (1930) ["Var. β"]. Syn.: Orobanche de la Scabieuse colombaire Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 [t. 11] (1827), nom. inval.; Orobanche concolor Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 350 (1828) (Beck 1930: 214); = Orobanche paralias Corb. in Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie sér. 5(1): 185 (1897 [1907]) (Beck 1930: 214)

= Orobanche minor var. compositarum Pugsley in J. Bot. 78: 111 (1940). Obs. "A distinctive looking variant distinguished by its narrower, paler, sub-erect corollas. Pugsley (1940) claimed that the filament bases were hairier than usual for var. minor ... Host plants are, as the name would suggest, usually Compositae, Crepis virens being the most frequently recorded. Other hosts include Hypochaeris radicata, Tripleurospermum inodorum, Carduus nutans, Senecio greyii and exceptionally Smyrnium olusatrum..."  (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 270-271). "Host usually Crepis spp. (Asteraceae)" (Thorogood & Rumsey 2020: 231). "O. minor var. compositarum has an incoherent distribution and intergrades with more nominate morphotypes, and may therefore be conspecific with O. minor var. minor" (Thorogood 2009)

? = Orobanche minor var. grisebachii (Reut.) Hadidy in Boulos, Fl. Egypt Checklist: 140 (1995) [IPNI]. Syn.: Orobanche grisebachii Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 28 (1847)

= Orobanche minor var. maritima (Pugsley) Rumsey & Jury in Watsonia 17: 442 (1989). Syn.: Orobanche maritima Pugsley in J. Bot. 78: 110 (1940) (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 271); Orobanche minor subsp. maritima (Pugsley) Rumsey in Watsonia 26(4): 474 (2007 [Aug 2007])

= Orobanche minor subsp. maritima var. hypochoeridis (Beck ex Druce) Rumsey in Watsonia 26(4): 476 (2007 [Aug 2007]). Syn.: Orobanche ritro f. hypochoeroides Beck ex Druce in J. Bot. 45.: 425 (1907), pro syn. (Beck 1922: 36[468], "Orobanche ritro Druce in J. Bot. Lond. 45: 425. 1907"); Orobanche major var. hypochaeroides (Beck ex Druce) Druce in Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 2-3 [Rep. 1907]: 258 (1907 [1908]); Orobanche ritro var. hypochaeroides (Beck ex Druce) Druce in J. Bot.: 300 (1911) (Beck 1922: 36[468], "sine descriptione"); Orobanche major f. hypochoeridis (Beck ex Druce) Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 36[468] (1922); = Orobanche minor var. flava Regel in Otto & Dietr., Allg. Gartenz.: 284 (1842) (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 271); Orobanche minor var. flava angl. auct., non E. Regel. (Stace 1991: 750; Rumsey 2007: 476); ? = Orobanche minor var. flavescens Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 29 (1847) (Druce 1911: 300-301). Ind. loc.: "On the sands of St. Ouen's Bay Mr. Lester-Garland showed me a very beautiful species growing on Hypochoeris radicata" (Druce 1907: 425); "St. Ouen's, Jersey" (Druce 1908: 258); "Britannia: Jersey [Bailiwick of Jersey / Bailliage de Jersey, United Kingdom], St. Ouens-Bay (L.V. Lester-Garland in herb. G. C. Druce) ad radices Hypochoeridis radicatae L. et aliarum Compositarum" (Beck 1922: 36[468]). "Holotype: Jersey [Bailiwick of Jersey / Bailliage de Jersey, United Kingdom], St. Ouen’s Bay on Hypochaeris radicata L. and other composites, L.V. Lester-Garland in herb. G. C. Druce (OXF)" (Rumsey 2007: 476)

= Orobanche minor var. heliophila Thorogood & Rumsey in British & Irish Botany 2(3): 230 (2020). Type: E. Kent [England, United Kingdom], VC.15; Dover, in flower beds bordering the A2 and seafront promenade, close to exit from ferry terminal, parasitic on Brachyglottis × jubar, 51°07'30.8"N 1°19'24.7"E (51.125218, 1.323516), 25.06.2020. C. Thorogood & F.J. Rumsey s.n. BM (BM 013848255)

= Orobanche minor var. pseudoamethystea Thorogood & Rumsey in British & Irish Botany 2(3): 231 (2020). Type: E. Kent [England, United Kingdom], VC.15; Sandwich Bay, on sparsely vegetated sandy shingle adjacent to Prince’s Golf Links, parasitic on Eryngium maritimum, 51°17'25.7"N 1°22'36.7"E (51.290457, 1.376862), 25.06.2020. C. Thorogood & F.J. Rumsey s.n. BM (BM 013848256)

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? = Orobanche mauretanica var. mauretanica subvar. dioristha J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 149, 158 (1904) ["α. I — (O.) dioristha Guim., nov. subvar."]. Ind. loc.: Portugal: Centro littoral: — Arredores de Lisboa: Queluz [Sintra, Lisbon District] (fórma com as espigas redondas na vertice, Welwitsch!), estrada da Ajuda a Queluz, próximo do Posto da Guarda Fiscal [parásita do Eryngium campestre L. e do Lupinus albus L. (?), fórma com as espigas algumas vezes agudas, Á. Guimarães !]. Algarve:—Proximo de Lagos [Faro District]: charneca de Espiche (parásita da Achillea Ageratum L., fórma de transiçao para a typica [O. mauretanica Beck], J. Daveau!) (Guimarães 1904: 158)

? = Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii subvar. helichrysi J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 151, 159 (1904) ["15. Orobanche mauretanica ... b. (O.) welwitschii Guim. ... b.2 O. helichrysi Guim., nov. subvar."]. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica subsp. helichrysi (J.A. Guim.) Cout., Fl. Portugal: 570 (1913); Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii f. helichrysi (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 190 (1930); = Orobanche littoralis Welw. ex J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 159 (1904) [in sched., unpublished name]; ? = Orobanche calendulae Pomel (1874) (Foley 2001: 57). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Centro littoral: — Pharol da Guia [Cascais] (parasita do Helichrysum serotinum Boiss., sub nomine O. littoralis (1 ["1843, na margen direita do Tejo"]) Welw., Welwitsch!). / Alentejo littoral: — Trafaria [Trafaria, Tagus River, Setúbal] (parasita do mesmo Helichrysum, J. Daveau!)". Specimens: "Alcabideche [38°44'21.9"N 9°28'20.5"W 38.739412, -9.472358, near Fort of Guincho (Cascais)], 22 Apr 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/156102564 by Gonçalo Santos in iNaturalist, accessed Aug 2023 [!, on Helichrysum italicum subsp. serotinum?])

? = Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii subvar. leucothrix J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 152, 159 (1904) ["b. 3 leucothrix  Guim., nov. subvar."]. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii f. leucothrix (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 190 (1930); = Orobanche littoralis Welw. ex J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 159 (1904) [in sched., unpublished name]. Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Centro littoral: — Pharol da Guia [Cascais] (parasita do mesmo Helichrysum, sub nomine O. littoralis (1 ["1843, na margen direita do Tejo"]) Welw., b, Welwitsch!). Alemtejo littoral: — Trafaria [Trafaria, Tagus River, Setúbal] (parasita do mesmo Helichrysum, J. Daveau!)"

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= Orobanche trachystigma f. minor ( Sutton) Jess., Deut. Excurs.-Fl.: 120 (1879), nom. inval. ["547. trachystígma Jess. ... Die Formen ... i. minor Sutton / etw / purp. / etwas / dünn / Trifol. sp."]

= Orobanche minor f. albata Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 254 (1890). Ind. loc.: "Algeria: leg. Bové, et alibi."

= Orobanche minor f. angustissima Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 253 (1890). Ind. loc.: "cum typo (β)"

= Orobanche minor f. barbata sensu Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 253 (1890), non Orobanche barbata Poir. in Lam., Encycl. 4: 621 (1797 [1 Nov 1798])

= Orobanche minor f. pumila ([Koch & F.W. de Noë ex] Rchb. fil.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 252 (1890). Syn.: Orobanche pumila [Koch & F.W. de Noë ex] Rchb. fil. in Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 20: 104 [t. 165 f. 2 (8-14)] (1862)

= Orobanche minor f. crithmi-maritimi (F.W. Schultz) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 253 (1890). Syn.: Orobanche crithmi-maritimi F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830); = Orobanche du crithme maritime Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 59 (1827), nom. inval.

= Orobanche minor f. conciliata Beck ex M.C. Murrray in Ann. Scott. Nat. Hist. 64: 253 (1907). Syn.: Orobanche minor var. conciliata (Beck ex M.C. Murrray) Druce in Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 2-3 [Rep. 1907]: 258 (1907 [1908]). Ind. loc.: "in Scotland in August I had the pleasure of finding near Cupar, Fife, some specimens of a very dark-coloured Orobanche” (Murrray 1907: 253); "England: Auf Trifolium pratense L. in Fife bei Cupar [Scotland] (M.C. Murray!)" (Beck 1930: 211, "Var. genuina ... Forma 3. conchiliata Beck apud Murbeck [M.C. Murrray]"). Obs. O. minor, Sm., var. conciliata. (Beck as forma). "Corolla excepta basi alba amethystino-violacea, squamae calycis cum cauli purpurascentes." Miss M.C. Murray. 'Ann. Scot. Nat. Hist.' p. 253, 1907

= Orobanche ritro f. hypochoeroides Beck ex Druce in J. Bot. 45.: 425 (1907), pro syn. Syn.: Orobanche major var. hypochaeroides (Beck ex Druce) Druce in Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 2-3 [Rep. 1907]: 258 (1907 [1908]); Orobanche minor subsp. maritima var. hypochoeridis (Beck ex Druce) Rumsey in Watsonia 26(4): 476 (2007); = Orobanche minor var. flava Regel in Otto & Dietr., Allg. Gartenz.: 284 (1842) (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 271). Obs. "O. Ritro Gren. & Godr. forma hypochoeroides Beck in lit. On the sands of St. Ouen's Bay Mr. Lester-Garland showed me a very beautiful species growing on Hypochoeris radicata. It was of a bright citron-yellow colour, not only in the flowers, but also the bracts and stem. The older bracts were marked at the midrib with bright yellowish-brown. The curiously conical head of the partially open-flowered spikes was also remarkable. The plant was very glandular. The type [O. ritro] has only been found in a few localities near Marseilles [France]. The existence of another undoubtedly native Mediterranean species in the island is very interesting." (Druce 1907: 425). "Orobanche Ritro Gren. & Godr. var. hypochaeroides.— This very beautiful Orobanche, conspicuous for its pure yellow colour, is parasitic on Hypochoeris radicata and other composites at St. Ouen's Bay, Jersey (see Journ. Bot. 1907, 425, and Rep. Bot. Exch. Club, 1907, 258), where the Rev. L.V. Lester-Garland showed it me in 1906, when I at once saw that it did not belong to the O. minor section..." (Druce 1911: 300). Obs. "Known only with certainty from the Channel Islands [United Kingdom], described from fixed dunes on Jersey (Figs. 1J, 3B, 3H), the plant has also been recorded from similar situations on Alderney and with some doubt from Guernsey" (Thorogood & Rumsey 2020: 222)

= Orobanche minor f. albens Beck in Carinthia 2.108: 20 (1921) ["II. 108 und 109, Jahrgang (1921) 20"]. Syn.: Orobanche minor f. albens Beck in Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 40[472] (1922).

= Orobanche minor f. albens Beck in Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 40[472] (1922). Syn.: Orobanche minor f. albens Beck in Carinthia 2.108: 20 (1921). Ind. loc.: "Carinthia. St. Leonhard prope Villach [Austria] inter typum, m. Junio 1919 (Beck)" (Beck 1922: 40). “Kaernten: um Villach bei St. Leonhard [Bad St. Leonhard, Kärnten / Carinthia, Austria] an mehreren Stellen (Beck). Wohl auch anderswo unter dem Typus" (Beck 1930: 211). Obs. "Corolla albida. Stigma albidum" (Beck 1930: 211)

= Orobanche major f. hypochoeridis (Beck ex Druce) Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 36[468] (1922) (Beck 1930: 251, "(Druce) G. Beck"). Syn.: Orobanche minor subsp. maritima var. hypochoeridis (Beck ex Druce) Rumsey in Watsonia 26(4): 476 (2007)

? = Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii f. helichrysi (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 190 (1930) ["Var. b. welwitschii ... Forma 6. Helichrysi"]. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii subvar. helichrysi J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 151, 159 (1904). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Portugal: Distr. Centro littoral, Pharol da Guia [Cascais], auf Helichrysum serotinum Boiss. (Welwitsch als O. littoralis Welw. in sched. nach Guimarães); Distr. Alemtejo littoral bei Trafaria [Trafaria (Almada)] (Daveau f. Guimarães)"

? = Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii f. leucothrix (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 190 (1930) ["Var. b. welwitschii ... Forma 6. leucothrix"]. Syn.: Orobanche mauretanica var. welwitschii subvar. leucothrix J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 152, 159 (1904). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Portugal: mit der vorigen Form" (Beck 1930: 190). "Centro littoral: — Pharol da Guia [Cascais] (parasita do mesmo Helichrysum, sub nomine O. littoralis (1 ["1843, na margen direita do Tejo"]) Welw., b, Welwitsch!). Alemtejo littoral: — Trafaria [Trafaria, Tagus River, Setúbal] (parasita do mesmo Helichrysum, J. Daveau!)" (Guimarães 1904: 159)

= Orobanche minor [var. genuina] f. ambigua (Pomel) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 214 (1930). Syn.: Orobanche ambigua Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 109 (1874), non Orobanche ambigua Moris, Diagn. Stirp. Sard.: 2 (1857); Orobanche minor var. ambigua (Pomel) Batt. in Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie (Dicot.): 662 (1890 [Dec 1890])

= Orobanche minor [var. genuina] f. brevicalyx Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 211 (1930). Ind. loc.: Croatia: "Auf der Insel Arbe [Rab, Primorje-Gorski Kotar County] im Quarnero [Kvarner Gulf], im Mai (F. Morton!)"

= Orobanche minor [var. genuina] f. hydrocotylei (Pomel) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 213 (1930). Syn.: Orobanche hydrocotylei Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 21: 41 (1889 [1889])

= Orobanche minor [var. genuina] f. minima Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 210 (1930). Ind. loc.: "Unter dem Typus and sterilen Stellen nicht selten"

= Orobanche minor f. lutea (Tourlet) Thorogood & Rumsey in British & Irish Botany 2(3): 228 (2020). Syn.: Orobanche minor var. lutea Tourlet in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 1: 421 (1903) (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 271); = Orobanche concolor Duby, Bot. Gall. 1: 350 (1828) (Beck 1930: 214). Obs. "yellow in all its parts" (Thorogood & Rumsey 2020: 228)

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Misapplied names:

Orobanche major sensu L. in Loefl., Iter Hispan.: 151 (1758), non Orobanche major L., Sp. Pl.: 632 (1753), nom. rej. [= Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. (1798)] (Löfling 1758: 151, sub O. major sensu L. p.p.; Sutton 1798: 181, sub O. minor). Ind. loc.: "Habitat supra radice Ulmorum in horto regio ad Aranjuez [Las Vegas, Madrid, Spain]". Obs. "Orobanche flore minore Tournef. inst. 170? ["Orobanche flore minore J.B. 2. 781."] ... caule simplici, bracteis lanceolatis flore majoribus ... Corollae flavo-pallidus, dorso obscure purpurascente" (Löfling 1758: 151-152)

Orobanche barbata sensu Williams, Prodr. Fl. Brit. 6: 341 (1909) et auct. pl. [saltem p.p.], non Orobanche barbata Poir. in Lam., Encycl. 4: 621 (1797 [1 Nov 1798])

? Orobanche palaestina sensu Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4(2): 506 (1879 [Apr-May 1879]) ["Palestina (Reut D.C. Prodr. XI, p. 718)"], p.p., non Orobanche palaestina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 718 (1847). Syn.: ? = Orobanche minor Sm. (1796-1797); = Orobanche grisebachii Reut. (1847 [25 Nov 1847]) (Greuter & al. 1989: 264; view IPNI entry). Ind. loc.: "Hab. in Palestinâ circa Sichem et Banias (Boiss!), Hierosolymae (Roth exs. 494!), ad Physocaulem nodosam [Physocaulis nodosus (L.) W.D.J. Koch Myrrhoides nodosa (L.) Cannon] et Anthriscum macrosperman [Anthriscus macrocarpa Boiss. & Heldr. = A. nemorosa (M. Bieb.) Spreng.] prope Marasch Syriae (Haussk!).". Obs. "Stigma luteum vel flavidum", 506 "spicâ longissima ... stigmate (e sicco) flavescente" (Boissier 1884: 504). Herbaium Specimen: G 00192012 - n° SIB 186980/1

? – Orobanche loricata sensu Bertol., Fl. Ital. 6: 447 (1846), non Orobanche loricata Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 7: 41, t. 682 f. 917 (1829). Ind. loc.: "Habui ex monte Pisano supra thermas S. Juliani [San Giuliano Terme, Province of Pisa, Tuscany, Italy] a Prof. Petro Savio, qui legit parasiticam supra Gnaphalium Stoechas L [Helichrysum stoechas (L.) Moench (≡ Gnaphalium stoechas L.)]. Floret Majo." (Bertoloni 1846: 447, sub O. loricata)

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? Orobanche minor var. palaestina sensu Cuatrec. in (Reut.) Pau ex Cuatrecasas in Trab. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona 12: 429 (1929) ["palestina"], non Orobanche palaestina Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 718 (1847)

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Ind. loc.: "This plant is found very copiously on various parts of Norfolk, in fields of clover for the most part, to the roots of which it seems to be attached, flowering in July. […] particularly the Rev. Mr. Sutton of Norwich, who has paid considerable attention to it, and who favoured us with this specimen last year from near Sheringham [Sheringham, Norfolk County, East of England, United Kingdom]".

Lectotype: 1. "... [S. E. England / leg. Sutton, C.S.]". – 2. "See Sowerb. Engl. Bot. t. 422 / This specimen may be cosidered / as part of the Type! (R...[?])" (K 000759346.jpg - http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000759346 - http://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/400397.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/912580311 (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 61)).

Designated by: R. Piwowarczyk, R., Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, M. Khutsishvili & D. Kharazishvili in Phytotaxa 604(1): 61 (2023 [24 Jul 2023]).

Host: mostly on Compositae, Leguminosae and Umbelliferae species, more rarely on other families (e.g., Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae) and casual on many other species (Beck 1890: 254, sub O. minor Sutton; Beck 1930: 206, sub O. minor Sutton; Hipkin 1992; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009).

Apiaceae Lindl. [= Umbelliferae Juss.]

Crithmum maritimum L. France (Vaucher 1827: 59, sub O. du crithme maritime; P 04406375.jpg; Loret 1875: 49; Greuter & al. 1989: 261; Jeanmonod & Habashi 2008: 45, 48, 100), Italy (Vaucher 1827: 59), Spain (J.M. Rodríguez Berdasco 2013).

Daucus carota L. [s.l.] (Beck 1930: 207, "s. Ascherson, Kearny", sub O. minor Sutton). France (Des Moulins 1835: 78-80, sub O. carotae; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13772; 13773), Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12834; 13607).

Daucus carota subsp. commutatus (Paol.) Thell. Spain, Balearic Islands (Vericad & al. 2003: 148, sub O. minor).

Daucus carota subsp. gummifer (Syme) Hook. fil. England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 272, sub O. minor subsp. maritima; Thorogood & Rumsey 2020: 225)

Daucus carota subsp. hispanicus (Gouan) Thell. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13307).

Daucus setifolius Desf. [= Daucus brachylobus Boiss.]. Spain (Boissier 1841: 475).

Echinophora spinosa L. France (P 04406376.jpg - hb. Camus).

Eryngium maritimum L. England (Thorogood & Rumsey 2020: 231, BM 013848256); France (P 04243564.jpg, P 04441474.jpg); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12543, 12544, 12545, 12576), Wales (Hipkin 1992).

Pimpinella villosa Schousb. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 14021).

Pseudorlaya pumila (L.) Grande [≡ Caucalis pumila L.; ≡ Daucus pumilus (L.) Hoffmanns. & Link; = Orlaya maritima Gouan ex W.D.J. Koch, nom. illeg.]. (Beck 1930: 207, "s. Balansa", sub O. minor Sutton). Algeria (P 02977824.jpg - hb. Drake; Reichenbach f. 1862: 118; Beck 1930: 214, "Diels", sub f. ambigua).

Pseudorlaya minuscula (Pau ex Font Quer) M. Laínz [≡ Daucus minusculus Pau ex Font Quer]. Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12529).

Araliaceae Juss.

Hydrocotyle moschata G. Forst. [= Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Colenso, nom. illeg.]. New Zealand (Colenso 1889: 42, sub O. hydrocotylei; Beck 1930: 214, sub O. minor var. genuina f. hydrocotylei).

Asteraceae Bercht. & J. Presl [= Compositae Giseke]

Anthemis cotula L. Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 62, sub O. minor).

Anthemis secundiramea Biv. (Beck 1890: 254, sub O. minor Sutton; Beck 1930: 206, sub O. minor Sutton).

Brachyglottis greyi (Hook. f.) B. Nord. [≡ Senecio greyi Hook. f.]. England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 270-271, sub O. minor var. compositarum; Thorogood & al. 2009, sub O. minor var. minor).

Brachyglottis × jubar P.D. Sell. England (Thorogood & Rumsey 2020: 230).

Brachyglottis laxifolia (Buchanan) B. Nord. [Senecio laxifolius Buchanan]. England (P 04243400.jpg).

Carlina corymbosa L. France (P 04419134.jpg - hb. Grenier; Beck 1890: 254, "Ascherson", sub O. minor Sutton).

Coleostephus myconis (L.) Rchb. f. [≡ Chrysanthemum myconis L.]. France, Corsica (P 04384926.jpg - hb. E. Cosson; P 04419102.jpg; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 45, 47, 73-74).

Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore [≡ Crassocephalum diversifolium var. crepidioides (Benth.) Hiern]. Uganda (Beck 1930: 209, sub O. minor Sutton).

Crepis arenaria subsp. suberostris (Batt.) Greuter [≡ Crepis suberostris Batt.; = Barkhausia suberostris Coss. et Durieu] [unconfirmed]. Algeria (WAG 1141173.jpg; Beck 1930: 206, sub O. minor Sutton).

Crepis bellidifolia Loisel. France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 100).

Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr. [= C. virens L., nom. illeg.]. (Beck 1930: 206, "s. A. Braun", sub O. minor Sutton). England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 270-271), Spain (P 00072211.jpg - hb. E. Bourgeau; Laínz 1955: 125), Wales (Hipkin 1992: 116, sub O. minor).

Crepis erythia Pau [≡ C. vesicaria subsp. erythia (Pau) Maire; = C. bourgeaui Babc.; = C. fontiana Maire]. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13481; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13486).

Crepis leontodontoides All. France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 100).

Crepis sulphurea Pourr. ex Willk. & Lange [unconfirmed]. France (P 04405899.jpg).

Crepis vesicaria L. [aggr.]. France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 100), Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13481; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13486), Wales (Hipkin 1992).

Crepis vesicaria subsp. andryaloides (Lowe) Babc. [≡ Crepis andryaloides Lowe]. Macaronesia, Madeira Islands (G. Moreno Moral, 10.07.2014).

Crepis vesicaria subsp. taraxacifolia (Thuill.) Thell. ex Schinz & R. Keller [≡ Barkhausia taraxacifolia (Thuill.) DC.; = Crepis vesicaria L. subsp. haenseleri (Boiss. ex DC.) P.D. Sell]. Portugal (Beck 1930: 206, "f. Daveau apud Guimarães", sub O. minor Sutton), Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12573; 13656; 13423).

Galactites tomentosus Moench. (Beck 1930: 206, sub O. minor Sutton). Algeria (Pomel 1874: 109, Battandier 1890: 662), France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 100), Italy (Moris 1858-59: 254, sub O. minor; Beck 1930: 208, "Sommier", sub O. minor Sutton), Spain (Boissier 1841: 475, sub O. minor Sutton; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12546, herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12549).

Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass. [= Guizotia oleifera DC. & A. DC., nom. illeg.]. Ethiopia (Richard 1851: 137, sub O. abyssinica; Beck 1890: 254, "sec. Richard", sub O. minor Sutton).

Helichrysum italicum (Roth) G. Don. Croatia (Beck 1930: 206, sub "f. pumila"), France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 100).

Helichrysum italicum subsp. italicum. France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 100).

Helichrysum italicum subsp. microphyllum (Willd.) Nym. [≡ Gnaphalium microphyllum Willd.]. France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 100).

Helichrysum italicum subsp. picardii (Boiss. & Reut.) Franco [≡ Helichrysum picardii Boiss. & Reut.; ≡ Helichrysum serotinum subsp. picardii (Boiss. & Reut.) Galbany, L. Sáez & Benedí]. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 14099).

Helichrysum litoreum Guss. [≡ Gnaphalium angustifolium Lam., repl. syn.; ≡ Helichrysum angustifolium (Lam.) DC.; ≡ Helichrysum italicum subsp. angustifolium (Lam.) P. Fourn.]. (Beck 1930: 206, sub O. minor Sutton). Dalmatia-Croatia (Visiani 1847: 179, sub O. minor Sutton = O. pumila Noe herb.!, Dalmatia; Reichenbach f. 1862: 103, sub O. minor, Reichenbach f. 1862: 104, sub O. pumila; Beck 1930: 206, sub O. minor Sutton); Italy, Sardinia (Moris 1858-59: 254, sub O. minor).

Helichrysum stoechas (L.) Moench [≡ Gnaphalium stoechas L.]. Croatia (K 000759345), France (G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral 2006; G. Moreno Moral 2009), Italy (Bertoloni 1846: 447, sub O. loricata); Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13839); Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11922; 12519).

Hyoseris radiata L. Algeria (Reuter 1847: 24, sub O. bovei); France, Corsica (Habashi & D. Jeanmonod 2008: 100).

Hypochaeris achyrophorus L. [= Hypochaeris aethnensis Ball, nom. illeg.; = Seriola aethnensis L., nom. illeg.]. France, Corsica (Habashi & D. Jeanmonod 2008: 100), Canary Islands (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13518).

Hypochaeris glabra L. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13655).

Hypochaeris radicata L. (Beck 1930: 206, "s. A. Braun", sub O. minor Sutton). England (Sutton 1798: 181, sub O. minor Sutton; Rumsey & Jury 1991: 270-271, sub O. minor var. compositarum; Rumsey 2007: 476, sub O. minor subsp. maritima var. hypochoeridis), France (P 00072212.jpg - hb. M. Loret), Jersey (Druce 1907: 425; Rumsey 2007: 476, sub O. minor subsp. maritima var. hypochoeridis), Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11449), Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11347; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11892 et 11892B; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 14102), Wales (Hipkin 1992).

Hypochaeris radicata subsp. heterocarpa (Moris) Arcang. [= Hypochaeris platylepis Boiss. ≡ Hypochaeris radicata subsp. platylepis (Boiss.) Jahand. & Maire]. Spain (Boissier 1841: 475, sub O. minor Sutton).

Jacobaea maritima (L.) Pelser & Meijden [≡ Cineraria maritima (L.) L.; ≡ Othonna maritima L.; ≡ Senecio cineraria DC., nom. nov.]

Jacobaea vulgaris Gaertn. [≡ Senecio jacobaea L.]. Wales (Hipkin 1992).

Leontodon asperrimus (Willd.) Endl. [≡ Leontodon crispus subsp. asperrimus (Willd.) Finch & P.D.Sell]. Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 62, sub O. minor).

Leontodon crispus Vill. [= Leontodon saxatilis sensu auct.]. Bosnia and Herzegovina (Beck 1930: 208, sub O. minor Sutton).

Leontodon saxatilis subsp. rothii Maire (1934) [≡ Colobium hispidum Roth; ≡ Thrincia hispida (Roth) Roth; = Leontodon longirostris (Finch & P.D. Sell) Talavera; = Leontodon taraxacoides subsp. longirostris Fich & P.D. Sell]. Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13833; 13834), Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11799), Wales (Hipkin 1992: 117).

Leontodon saxatilis Lam. subsp. saxatilis [= Thrincia hirta sensu Willkomm & Lange (1865) et auct.]. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13671).

Senecio sylvaticus L. Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12530).

Sonchus asper (L.) Hill [≡ Sonchus oleraceus var. asper L.; = Sonchus spinosus Lam.]. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13578).

Tolpis barbata (L.) Gaertn. [≡ Crepis barbata L.]. Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12528; 13965), Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11799; 11844).

Urospermum dalechampii (L.) F. W. Schmidt [≡ Tragopogon dalechampii L.]

Caprifoliaceae Juss. [formerly part of the Dipsacaceae Juss.]

Dipsacus fullonum L. (Beck 1930: 207, "s. Suringar", sub O. minor Sutton). France (P 04384916.jpg; Chantelat 1844: 224; G. Moreno Moral MM0040/2015).

Scabiosa columbaria L. [= Scabiosa maritima auct., non L. (1756)]. France (LY 0738083.jpg - hb. Georges Rouy in Roland Bonaparte).

Scabiosa holosericea Bertol. [= Scabiosa cinerascens Jord.]. Italy, Sardinia (Moris 1858-59: 254, sub O. minor).

Euphorbiaceae Juss.

Euphorbia paralias L. [unconfirmed/casual]. France (Corbire 1897 [1907]: 186, sub O. paralias).

Fabaceae Lindl. [= Leguminosae Juss.]

Astragalus pelecinus (L.) Barneby [≡ Biserrula pelecinus L.]. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13658).

Hippocrepis comosa L. France (Lesson 1835: 371, sub O. angela).

Lathyrus setifolius L. (Beck 1930: 206, sub O. minor Sutton). France, Corsica (Habashi & D. Jeanmonod 2008: 101), Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13672).

Lotus corniculatus L. [aggr.]. (Beck 1930: 206, "s. Gillot", sub O. minor Sutton). Wales (Hipkin 1992: 117).

Lotus cytisoides L. Spain, Balearic Islands (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11207).

Medicago arabica (L.) Huds. (Beck 1930: 206, "sec. Des Moulins", sub O. minor Sutton). France, Corsica (Habashi & D. Jeanmonod 2008: 101), Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13588).

Medicago lupulina L. (Beck 1930: 206, "sec. Bertoloni", sub O. minor Sutton). Croatia (Visiani 1847: 179, sub O. minor var. adenostyla), Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11791, 13589).

Medicago polymorpha L. France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 101).

Ononis spinosa L. Spain (Boissier 1841: 475, sub O. minor Sutton).

Ononis spinosa subsp. procurrens (Wallr.) Briq. [= Ononis repens L.; Ononis procurens Wallr.]. (Beck 1930: 206, "s. Des Moulins", sub O. minor Sutton). Wales (Hipkin 1992).

Ornithopus compressus L. (Beck 1930: 206, sub O. minor Sutton). France, Corsica (Habashi & D. Jeanmonod 2008: 101), Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13833), Spain (hb. García Martínez 11.06.1983; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 14113).

Trifolium arvense L. (Beck 1930: 206, sub O. minor Sutton).

Trifolium glomeratum L. France, Corsica (Habashi & D. Jeanmonod 2008: 101).

Trifolium hybridum L. Wales (Hipkin 1992: 117).

Trifolium hybridum subsp. elegans (Savi) Asch. & Graebn. [≡ Trifolium elegans Savi]. (Beck 1930: 206, "sec. Gillot", sub O. minor Sutton).

Trifolium micranthum Viv. [= Trifolium filiforme L.]. (Beck 1930: 206, sub O. minor Sutton).

Trifolium occidentale Coombe. (Thorogood & al. 2009).

Trifolium nigrescens Viv. [= Trifolium nigrescens var. intermedium Rouy; = Trifolium polyanthemum Ten. ex Ser.]. France, Corsica (Habashi & D. Jeanmonod 2008: 101), Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13577).

Trifolium pratense L. [= Trifolium sativum (Schreb.) Crome ex Boenn., = Trifolium pratense var. sativum Schreb.]. England (Sutton 1798: 181, sub O. minor Sutton; Beck 1930: 206, sub O. minor Sutton), France (P 04384928.jpg - hb. E. Cosson; P 04411818.jpg; P 04411819.jpg; P 04432500.jpg), France, Corsica (Habashi & D. Jeanmonod 2008: 101), Germany (P 04384917.jpg - hb. Cosson); Italy, Sardinia (Moris 1858-59: 254, sub O. minor); Netherlands (Kreutz 1995), Scotland (Murrray 1907: 253, sub O. minor f. conciliata; Beck 1930: 212), Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11343; 12229; 13106; 14109).

Trifolium repens L. (Beck 1930: 206, sub O. minor Sutton). England (Thorogood 2009, sub O. minor var. flava), France, Corsica (Habashi & D. Jeanmonod 2008: 101), Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13326; 13421; 13422).

Trifolium retusum L. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13656).

Trifolium squamosum L. [= Trifolium maritimum Huds.]. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13655).

Trifolium stellatum L. France, Corsica (Habashi & D. Jeanmonod 2008: 101).

Trifolium striatum L. (Beck 1930: 206, sub O. minor Sutton).

Trifolium strictum L. [= Trifolium laevigatum Poir.]. (Beck 1930: 206, "sec. A. Braun", sub O. minor Sutton).

Trifolium subterraneum L. (Beck 1930: 206, "sec. Vaucher et Welwitsch sec. Guimarães", sub O. minor Sutton). France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 101), Portugal (Guimarães 1904: 170, sub "subsp. neglecta"; Beck 1930: 212, sub "f. neglecta" [sec. "Welwitsch f."].

Geraniaceae Juss.

Pelargonium sp. [of garden origen]. (Beck 1890: 254, "Noulet", sub O. minor Sutton; Beck 1930: 207, "s. Noulet", sub O. minor Sutton). Israel (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/107753075  by Yuval [banksiacoccinea])

Pelargonium graveolens (Thunb.) L'Hér. [≡ Geranium graveolens Thunb.]. Germany (Wallroth 1822: 310, sub O. apiculata).

Plantaginaceae Juss.

Digitalis Tourn. ex L. France, Corsica (CLF 072481).

Digitalis purpurea L. France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 49, 102, sub O. minor Sm.), Italy, Sardinia (https://www.actaplantarum.org/forum/viewtopic.php?f=109&t=141991 by Giuliano Campus)

Plantago coronopus L. (Beck 1930: 206, sub O. minor Sutton). Portugal (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13839), Spain (hb. García Martínez 11.06.1983).

Plantago lanceolata L. France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 49, 102), Wales (Hipkin 1992: 117).

Resedaceae Martinov

Reseda luteola L. France (VTA034827.jpg).

Solanaceae Juss.

Solanum bonariense L. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11754).

Tropaeolaceae Juss. ex DC.

Tropaeolum majus L. France, Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 102); Mascarene Islands, Mauritius (P 03004173.jpg), Portugal (Thorogood 2008).

Comments:

Chorology obs.: Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 1: 26 [Spanish chorology] (2002)

Morphological obs.: "Stamina ciliated. Style smooth ... stamina being in their lower part thickly ciliated with projecting hairs ... Stigma purple ... is the O. flore minore of Dillenius in Ray's Synopsis ["Raii Syn. 288*"]" (Smith, l.c.).

Taxonomic obs.: Orobanche minor in the traditional sense is a highly polymorphous species of which a great number of forms (subsp., var., etc.) have been described; we think that some of them might have a certain taxonomic value.

Phylogenetic obs.: Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 41, 61 f. 4 [phylogenetic relationships], 64 (2005); Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 13 f. 2 [phylogenetic relationships] (2008).

Chromosomatic number: n = 19 (Palomeque & Sañudo 1981; Fernández López & Palomeque 1984: 78, Spain; Foley 2001: 59, Spain); 2n = 38 (Carter 1928; Weber 1976; Zázvorka 2000; Schneeweiss & al. 2004; Jeanmonod & Habashi 2008: 48).

Ic.: a, Smith 1796-1797: t. 422; b, http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000759346 - http://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/400397.jpg "Type!"; c, inflorescences (Rumenes, Spain); d, inflorescences (Somo, Spain); e, inflorescences (Muskiz, Spain); f, flower structure (Roses, Spain); g, P 04385382 - hb. E. Drake (Puerto de Santa María, Spain); h, Beck 1890: t. 4 f. 82.

Distribution:

Africa [native and naturalised]: Algeria, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Macaronesia (Azores Islands, Canary Islands and Madeira Islands), Mascarene Islands, Malawi, Morocco, Mozambique, Rwanda, Socotra, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

America [alien]: Argentina, Chile, Colombia and United States of America].

Asia [native and naturalised]: Israel and Palestinian territories, Japan and Turkey.

Europe [native and naturalised]: Albania, Armenia [unconfirmed], Austria, Azerbaijan [unconfirmed], Azores Islands, Balearic Islands, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Caucasus, Corsica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Cyprus, England [United Kingdom], France, Georgia, Germany, Gibraltar [unconfirmed], Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Krim, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Scotland [United Kingdom], Serbia, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine and Wales [United Kingdom].

Oceania [alien]: Australia and New Zealand.

World wide distribution (Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, accessed Jun 2011); World wide distribution (GRIN, distributional range; accessed Jun 2011); World wide distribution (Ecgy and Management of Parasitic Weeds, accessed Mar 2011); World wide distribution (Cabi, Feb 2014); European distribution: euromed map 353603 (Domina & Raab-Straube 2010) [GB and Ireland (Thorogood 2009, accessed Jun 2011); Germany (Baden-Württemberg, accessed Jun 2011); France (Tela Botanica, accessed Jun 2011); Iberian Peninsula distribution (throughout the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands); Italy (luirig.altervista.org, accessed Jun 2011)].

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Specimens examined and literature records (CVH 60153; Gbif 3173271; Swbiodiversity.org - SEINet, Symbiota; https://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/60029-Orobanche-minor).

Africa / África / Afrique / Afrika / Африка / 非洲 (Stapf 1906: 467; Beck 1930: 208-209, sub O. minor Sutton; Philcox [https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1300], accessed Jun 2011; Orobanche minor in Apd, Feb 2014])

Algeria / الجزائر‎ / Argelia / Algérie / Algerien (Reuter 1847: 24, loc. class. of O. bovei; Reichenbach 1862: 118, t. 217 f. 2, loc. class. of O. boissieri; Pomel 1874: 109, loc. class. of O. ambigua Pomel; Beck 1890: 254, loc. class. of O. minor f. albata); Beck 1890: 256, loc. class. of O. oranensis; Beck 1930: 208, sub O. minor Sutton; Medjahdi & al. 2009: 68, O. minor in Apd, Feb 2014; Aissaoui & al. 2023: 16, sub O. minor)

Alger / Algiers / Argel Province: "Université d Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche laxa Pomel / Type! / = O. amethystea Thuill / var. Galactitis Batt. / Alger  leg. Durando" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu004863 - MPU 004863.jpg - hb. Pomel - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424541754; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2016, type of O. laxa et O. amethystea var. galactitis); "Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche laxa Pomel / Type! / = O. amethystea Thuill / var. Galactitis Batt. / Alger  leg. Durando" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p00083140 - P 00083140.jpg - hb. Pomel - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437575626; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2016, type of Orobanche laxa et O. amethystea var. galactitis); "[Algeria] Alger (Durando)" (Pomel 1874: 109, loc. class. of O. laxa); "[Algeria, Alger] Sur Galactiles tomentosa, Helminthia Echioides et diverses composées. Cette plante est peut-être l'O. barbata Poiret. O. laxa Pomel me semble être une forme appauvrie, à sépales subentiers. (v. s. herb. Pomel.)" (Battandier 1890: 662, loc. class. of O. amethystea var. galactitis); "Orobanche Salisii / Staouéli et Aïn Taya / Mars-avril 1886" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu191376 - MPU 191376.jpg - hb. Battandier - hb. Maire - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424893419 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/8E712D31528445709BF8AF7AD4000C3B; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2018).

El Taref Province: "El Tarf [36°46'19.6"N 8°17'11.1"E 36.772110, 8.286404], 29 Apr 2016" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/112148393 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3759378661 by Errol Vela in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [on Galactites tomentosus Moench.]).

Mostaganem Province: "B. Balansa, Pl. d'Algérie, 1852 / 410. Orobanche minor, Sutt. / β flavescens, Reut. / (Reuter.) / Mostaganem, parasite sur l'Orlaya maritima. / 22 avril." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02977824 - P 02977824.jpg - hb. Drake - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439105231; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2018); 1. "B. Balansa, Pl. d'Algérie, 1852 / 410. Orobanche minor, Sutt. / β flavescens, Reut. / (Reuter.) / Mostaganem, parasite sur l'Orlaya maritima. / 22 avril.". 2. "Orobanche barbata Poiret / Det. F.M. Muller, 1982 Herbarium Vadense (WAG)" (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141174 - WAG 1141174.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2515803282; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023); 1. "B. Balansa, Pl. d'Algérie, 1852 / 411. Orobanche minor, Sutt. / (Reuter.) / Mostaganem, parasite sur le Barkhausia suberostris, DR. [Crepis arenaria subsp. suberostris (Batt.) Greuter] / 7 avril.". 2. "Orobanche barbata Poiret / Det. F.M. Muller, 1982 Herbarium Vadense (WAG)" (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141173 - WAG 1141173.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2517270398; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023).

Oran Province: "In Algerio: Oran ad radices Orlayae maritimae [Pseudorlaya pumila (L.) Grande; Orlaya maritima Gouan ex W.D.J. Koch, nom. illeg.] 1849. Boissier et Reuter!" (Reichenbach 1862: 118, t. 217 f. 2, loc. class. of O. boissieri); "Université d Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche ambigua Pomel / Type! / Oran (sur Labiées ?) / leg. A. Pomel" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00083148 - P00083148 - hb. Pomel.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438198384 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/4EFD3EE82B434632A1FE7159882C6C38; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2022, syntype of O. ambigua Pomel); 1. "Orob. ambigua Pom. / ... / Oran / ...". – 2. "Université d Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche ambigua Pomel / Type! / Oran (sur Labiées ?) / leg. A. Pomel" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu059364 - MPU 059364 - hb. Pomel et Maire.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424835619 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A9EC34B9D2C1432EA02050BDB441C345; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2022, syntype of O. ambigua Pomel); "Université d Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche minor Sutt. / var. ambigua ( Pomel) Batt. / Oran / leg. A. Pomel" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu004864 - MPU 059364 - hb. Maire et Battandier.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424541761; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2022, syntype of O. ambigua Pomel); "sur labiées ? Environs d'Oran" (Pomel 1874: 109, loc. class. of O. ambigua Pomel).

Tlemcen Wilaya: "in Hafir [Forêt d'Hafir] but without the host plant, 18 May 2018, collected by Babali, (ENSA13428)" (Aissaoui & al. 2023: 16, sub O. minor).

No precise location given: "In Algeriâ (Bové! sub n. 224 cum aliâ spec. in h. Boissier mixtâ, in h. mus. Par. sub n. 137), ad radices Hyoseridis radiatae [Hyoseris radiata L. (Asteraceae)] (Bové!)" (Reuter 1847: 24, loc. class. of O. bovei Reut.; O. minor var. bovei (Reut.) Batt. & Trab.).

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Congo / Democratic Republic of the Congo / République démocratique du Congo / Congo-Kinshasa [naturalised]

Kivu: "Mission Babault no. 323 / Kadjudju [lac Kivu, Congo Belge] / Juin / savane / ... / [1934-1935?]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03004159 - P 03004159.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/18/2/P03004159.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438437915 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/6C48A7160ABC48FD8DADD894CC7DEFB7; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2016).

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Egypt / مصر / Egipto / Ägypten (Muschler 1912: 894, sub O. minor Sutton [incl. O. abyssinica A. Rich.]; Beck 1930: 208, sub O. minor Sutton; Boulos 2002: 93, sub O. minor Sm. var. minor [incl. O. abyssinica A. Rich.]) [see Orobanche palaestina Reut.]

Alexandria: "Orobanche / Mandara [El Mandara, a neighborhood in Alexandria] / A. Ln, Jun. 1880" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02968679 - P 02968679.jpg - hb- E. Cosson - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439438661; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2014 [only one specimen on the right-hand of the sheet, the three specimens on the left side seem to correspond to O. palestinae]); "Alexandria-West and -East; Mandara: Abukir [Abu Qir]. — N. d. Cairo; Abu-Za'hel." (Muschler 1912: 894, sub O. minor Sutton [incl. O. abyssinica A. Rich.]); "Aegypten! bei Sabel Abu Sabel im Nildelta [Nile Delta] (Schweinfurth!)" (Beck 1930: 208, sub O. minor Sutton).

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Eritrea (Stapf 1906: 467; Beck 1930: 209, sub O. minor Sutton)

"Aidereso, 4100 ft., Schweinfurth, 1416! 1436! near Acrur, 6300 ft., Schweinfurth, 1050 !" (Stapf 1906: 467); Aidereso, Acrur (Beck 1930: 209, sub O. minor Sutton).

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Ethiopia / Etiopía / Äthiopien / Éthiopie (Richard 1851: 137, sub O. abyssinica; Stapf 1906: 467, sub O. abyssinica; Pax 1907: 651, sub O. minor Sutton)

"Abyssinia, Quartin-Dillon & Petit! Plowden! Parkyns! Schimper!" (Stapf 1906: 467, see O. abyssinica); "Abyssinien! um Vaedjerab, Chire, Chaba, Wollo Galla, Djenda; Insel Sokotra [Socotra] bei Kischen (Schweinfurth!), Balfour als O. abyssinica" (Beck 1930: 208, sub O. minor Sutton); "O. minor in safflower [Carthamus tinctorius L. (Asteraceae)] crop. Ethiopia, 1985" by Chris Parker. (Cabi. Orobanche minor, Feb 2014).

Amhara: "Choa [Shewa / Shoa]" (http://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00102806 - P 00102806 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438300687 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/26551FF9BFAE42FC87A2091C49144198; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2014, lectotype of O. abyssinica); "Menisa [Oromiya]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00102807 - P 00102807 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438967153 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A8914153657E4D63892EA1FE36C6B0CF; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2014, syntype of O. abyssinica); "Crescit parasitica in radicibus Guizotiae oleiferae [Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass. = G. oleifera DC. & A. DC., nom. illeg. (Asteraceae)], in diversis Abyssiniae partibus (Quartin Dillon et Ant. Petit)" (Richard 1851: 137, terra class. of O. abyssinica); 1. "nº 141 / Debr'-Eski [Debra Eski (Erki)] 4 Decbr 57 / ..." – 2. "Abyssinie / Envoi de M.W. Schimper 1853 [https://www.jstor.org/stable/4117875]." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02977881 - P 02977881.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/13/9/P02977881.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438300686 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/96F3097FFD07474B998378E2D66002FF; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2014); 1. "nº 920 /  Sabra (Amhara) entre 5000' et 6000' 7 Oct 52 / ... / ..." – 2. "Abyssinie / Envoi de M.W. Schimper 1853." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02977879 - P 02977879.jpg - hb. Schimper 920 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437634951 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/77271863121240DBBFAFC918A6E3EAA3; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2021).

Oromia / Oromiyaa: "Prov. Süd-Schoa [Shewa / Shoa / Choa]: "Gennet, in Gärten, aun Melilotus, 2300 m, 20. III.1905" (Pax 1907: 651, sub O. minor Sutton).

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Kenya / Kenia [naturalised]

Kiambu County: 1. "Companhia de Moçambique / Kenya / Repartição de Agricultura / Specimen n.º 224 / Orobanche / Kabete  15.8.26 [1926] / legi ifre[?]". – 2. "... Rive droit du Zambèze — M. Surcouf / Reçu le 16 Mai 1927" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02970740 - P 02970740.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/17/4/P02970740.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437526121 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/3EB6E34A1600403882DE2FC5134B840D; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2016).

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Macaronesia / Macaronésie / Makaronesien (Bornmüller 1904: 474, O. minor Sutt.; Beck 1930: 208, sub O. minor Sutton)

Azores / Açores (Portugal)

Terceira Island / Ilha da Terceira: "9700-192 Angra do Heroísmo [38°39'12.0"N 27°13'36.1"W 38.653334, -27.226693], 6 Mar 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/150434783 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4055064224 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/carlosmali in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [on Trifolium?]).

Pico Island / Ilha do Pico: "Santo António - Canada Da Bragada, 9940 Santo António [38°32'06.4"N 28°20'26.2"W 38.535103, -28.340622 (São Roque do Pico)], 25 Mar 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/152253291 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4076327459 by Cecília Melo [https://www.inaturalist.org/people/vinagreira] in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023 [on Trifolium?]).

Canarias, Islas / Canary Islands / Kanarische Inseln (Spain / España / Espagne / Spanien) (Bornmüller 1904: 474, O. minor Sutt.; Pitard & Proust 1908; Beck 1930: 208, sub O. minor Sutton; Kunkel 1970; Wolff & Rosinski 1999; Scholz 2005)

Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Province

Fuerteventura: "Spain - Fuerteventura - Corralejo (s), 2023-01-25" (https://observation.org/observation/262649308 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4057990064 by Edo Kreuzen & Hilde Ham, sub O. minor Sm., in Observation.org; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2023, sub P. gratiosa); "Spain - Fuerteventura - Jable de Corralejo, 2023-01-25" (https://observation.org/observation/262639476 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4056904290, sub O. minor Sm., by Jacques van Krieken in Observation.org; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2023, sub P. gratiosa).

Gran Canaria: "Gran Canaria: prope Tafira (n. 1 055 et 2707)" (Bornmüller 1904: 474, O. minor Sutt.).

Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province

Tenerife: "El Fraile. Tenerife" (O. minor.jpg , O.minor2.jpg and O. minor3.jpg in http://www.floradecanarias.com/orobanche_minor.html [Flora Vascular de Canarias by Manuel Luis Gil González]; accessed Nov 2019); "Barranco del Agua [28°18'32.5"N 16°26'25.3"W 28.309019, -16.440346, near Güímar], Tenerife, 4 May 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/24577564 by artdivcan in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2022!).

Madeira Islands (Portugal) (Bornmüller 1904: 474, O. minor Sutt.; Beck 1930: 208, sub O. minor Sutton; Borges & al. 2008: 199)

Desertas (D) (Borges & al. 2008: 199)

Madeira (M): "Orobanche minor Sutt. / Coll. N. H. Manson, F.L.S. / Madeira, A.D. 1856." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02977816 - P 02977816.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/13/9/P02977816.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438105678 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/9A7F0098447446DE820467C3AD32469A; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2014 [only one specimen close to its label]); "Madera: Funchal, in hortis (n. 1056), Praya formosa (n. 1053), Rabaeal (n. 1054)" (Bornmüller 1904: 474); "Orobanche minor - Orobanchaceae, de los bosques de Funchal, Madeira, Portugal" (Jard. Bot. Mundani, accessed 2014); "Orobanche minor - Orobanchaceae, del Jardín botánico de Funchal, Madeira, Portugal (Grupo de Orobanche minor en Mayo)" (Jard. Bot. Mundani, accessed 2014); Santana, cruce de la carretera que sube al Pico do Areeiro con la que va a Eira do Serrado, 28SCB2022 [WGS84], 1575 m, parasitando Compositae (Crepis vesicaria subsp. andryaloides cf.) en cuneta de la carretera, G. Moreno Moral, 10-VII-2014 (phot. 1[10-VII-2014], phot. 2[10-VII-2014], 3[10-VII-2014] y 4[10-VII-2014], iPhone 4S); Santana, bajo la cima del Pico do Areeiro, 28SCB1923 [WGS84], 1790 m, parasitando Compositae (Crepis vesicaria subsp. andryaloides cf.) en en taludes y cunetas, G. Moreno Moral, 10-VII-2014 (phot. 5[10-VII-2014], con iPhone 4S); Câmara de Lobos, entre el Pico do Areeiro y el Pico do Cidrão, 28SCB1823 [WGS84], 1740 m, parasitando Compositae (Crepis vesicaria subsp. andryaloides cf.) junto al camino que va del Pico do Areeiro al Pico Ruivo, G. Moreno Moral, 10-VII-2014 (obs.); Santana, vertiente SE del Pico das Torres, 28SCB1824 [WGS84], 1580 m, parasitando Compositae (C. vesicaria subsp. andryaloides cf.) junto al camino al Pico Ruivo, G. Moreno Moral, 10-VII-2014 (phot. 9[10-VII-2014], iPhone 4S); Santana, vertiente SE del Pico Ruivo, 28SCB1826 [WGS84], 1650 m, parasitando Compositae (C. vesicaria subsp. andryaloides cf.) junto al camino a la cumbre del Pico Ruivo, G. Moreno Moral, 10-VII-2014 (phot. 10[10-VII-2014], iPhone 4S); Santana, cumbre del Pico Ruivo, 28SCB1826 [WGS84], 1860 m, parasitando Compositae (C. vesicaria subsp. andryaloides cf.) en la misma cima del pico más alto de la isla, G. Moreno Moral, 10-VII-2014 (obs.); "9230 [32°45'15.2"N 16°56'06.3"W 32.754208, -16.935084], 10 Jun 2022" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/121156386 by Lucie Gaspari; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2023!); "São Martinho, Funchal [32°38'44.6"N 16°54'46.5"W 32.645707, -16.912913], 9 Apr 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/176656403 by Stephan Pflume; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2023!); "Santana [32°45'30.4"N 16°56'19.1"W 32.758451, -16.938650, near Pico Ruivo], 9230, 15 Apr 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/155921544 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4096850139 by Jens N. Lallensack in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2023, sub O. cf. mauretanica); "Santana [32°45'34.5"N 16°56'27.1"W 32.759591, -16.940862, near Pico Ruivo], 9230, 15 Apr 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/156480029 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4096632657 by Jens N. Lallensack in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2023, sub O. cf. mauretanica).

Porto Santo Island / Ilha de Porto Santo: "G. Mandon, Pl. Maderenses, 1865-1866. / Orobanche minor Sutt. / (Coss.) / In dumetosis Ilheo dos embarcadores. / Maio 1865" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02977816 - P 02977816.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/13/9/P02977816.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438105678 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/9A7F0098447446DE820467C3AD32469A; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2014 [only one specimen close to its label]); Porto Santo (PS) (Borges & al. 2008: 199).

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Malawi / Malaui / Malaŵi [naturalised] (Stapf 1906: 467; view record in FZ, accessed Jun 2011)

Central Region

Dedza District: "Distrikt Dedza [14°20'43.6"S 34°19'03.1"E -14.345444, 34.317528], 2 May 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/25870771 by Marco Schmidt in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023).

Northern Region

Chitipa: Tanganyika Plateau at Fort Hill [Chitipa], Whyte!" (Stapf 1906: 467).

Karonga: "British Central Africa: ... between Kondowe and Karonga, 2000-6000 ft., Whyte !" (Stapf 1906: 467).

Rumphi: "Nyika Mountains, 4000-6000 ft., Wyte !" (Stapf 1906: 467).

Southern Region

Blantyre: "British Central Africa: Nyasaland; between Mandala and Kibana, Scott!" (Stapf 1906: 467).

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Mascarene Islands / Mascarenhas Archipelago / Îles Mascareignes / islas Mascareñas [naturalised]

La Réunion (France / Francia / Frankreich)

Cilaos: 1. "Orobanche   REU / ... / ... / ... Ilet à Cordes / Cilaos 22.9.[19]77 / n.º 3253 c F. Friedmann". – 2. "Orobanche minor Smith / Det. J. Bosser fév. 1979" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03004169 - P 03004169.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/18/2/P03004169.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439438659 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/F1E7824396FA457DA9E4A19D87464C18; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2014).

La Réunion: 1. "Plantes de la Réunion / ... / Hauts du Gran d Tampon /  7.11.1972  J. Bosser nº 21485". – 2. "Orobanche minor Smith / Flore des Mascareignes / Det. F.N. Hepper 1.1977" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02986942 - P 02986942.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/14/7/P02986942.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437772630 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/7FDCBB7D250548C2BF53514D006BE070; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, Feb. 2014); 1. "Orobanche   REU / ... Nez-de-Boeuf (Volcan) alt. 2000 m. env / 11.10.177 / n.º 3260 c F. Friedmann". – 2. "Orobanche minor Smith / Det. J. Bosser fev. 1979" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03004167 - P 03004167.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/18/2/P03004167.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439438660 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/8220BDF528CA481FA811726753E75679; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2014).

Mauritius / Republic of Mauritius / République de Maurice / Maurícia / Mauricio

1. "The Mauritius Herbarium / Flora of Mauritius  No. 16441 / Orobanche / ... Quatre Bornes [La Ville des Fleurs (Plaines Wilhems District)]. Parasitic on / Tropaeolum majus [Tropaeolaceae DC.]. Flowers with / pale cream corolla ... / ... / Collector J. Guého 25.9.74". – 2. "Orobanche minor L. / Det. J. Bosser Mai 1978" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03004173 - P 03004173.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437107551 - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/18/2/P03004173.jpg - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/B26DD225FC964346AB69C1F7DED621DB; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2016).

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Morocco / المغرب‎, / Marruecos / Marokko (Beck 1930: 208, sub O. minor Sutton; Rumsey & Jury 2002: 591; Chambouleyron 2012; Orobanche minor in Apd, Feb 2014)

Fès-Meknès

Ifrane Province: 1. "Orobanche minor / Maroc: Timhadit [Timahdte / Timahdite] 29 Juin 1918 / R. Benoist legit nº 703". – 2. "Flora de Portugal / Orobanche minor Sm. / Det.rev. D. Costa  Junho 1998" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p00072210 - P 00072210.jpg - hb. Cosson - https://mediaphoto.mnhn.fr/media/1441353055129eFy39hceHQ7DqYZQ - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/18/8/P00072210.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437297354 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/256B7022C85640F3823137A57F50208F; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2014 [these specimens seem to correspond to O. cernua L.]); 1. "Plantae Maroccanae Exsiccatae / ... / J.J.F.E. et P.A.W.J. de Wilde et J. Dorgelo collectores / Orobanche / Loc.: Oued Ifrane, 2 to 5 km direction / Meknes. / No. 2776 Die: 3-6-1961. / ...". – 2. "Orobanche minor Sm.? / Det. F.M. Muller, 1982 ..." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141459 - WAG 1141459.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2515841394; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2022 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. calendulae Pomel]).

Sefrou Province: 1. "Orobanche minor / sur toutes plants / champs / Aïn Cheggag / Av. 1913". – 2. "Plantae Maroccanae / Nº 2062 / Orobanche minor / Aïn Cheggag, in arvis [leg. Mouret?] / IV.1913 C.J. Pitard" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03428438 - P 03428438.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474619773 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/E916080CE590428CBBE1E44AB6CEC4C0; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023).

Marrakesh-Safi / Marrakech-Asfi [unconfirmed]

Essaouira Province: "Essaouira [31°35'27.0"N 9°40'51.6"W 31.590835, -9.680992 ], Maroc, 18 Feb 2004" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/103226323 by Errol Vela [https://www.inaturalist.org/people/abounabat], sub O. minor, in iNaturalist; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2022 [the specimens seem to correspond to Orobanche densiflora Salzm. ex Bertol.]).

Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima [unconfirmed]

Ouezzane Province: "Plantae Maroccanae Exsiccatae / ... / J.J.F.E. et P.A.W.J. de Wilde et J. Dorgelo collectores / ... / Orobanche minor / Loc.: Eastern slope, about 10 km North of / Ouezzane. Rif mountains, area of rivulet / Zanddeuila / N.º 1572 Die: 14-4-1961 / On cultivated fields and along / roadside .- / Loamy clay." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/AMD.84167 - AMD 84167.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2513061121; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [on Convolvulus tricolor L.?]); idem (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141460 - WAG 1141460.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2517673024; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica [on Convolvulus tricolor L.?]); idem (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2816578 - L 2816578.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2514529588; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023, sub O. mauretanica).

No precise locality given: 1. "Leg. Ch.H. Andreas / H.D. Schotsman  d.d. 15-III-1970 / Orobanche spec. / Africa / Morocco / 1970-03-15". – 2. "Orobanche minor Sm. / Det. F.M. Muller, 1986 ..." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141457 - WAG 1141457.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2515856822; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2022 [the specimen seems to correspond to O. calendulae Pomel]).

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Mozambique / Moçambique [naturalised] (Stapf 1906: 467; Beck 1930: 209, sub O. minor Sutton; Rumsey & Jury 2002: 591; https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/genus.php?genus_id=1300, accessed Jun 2011; Flora of Mozambique in Apd, Feb 2014)

Niassa Province: "Portuguese East Africa: mountains east of Lake Nyasa, Johnson!" (Stapf 1906: 467).

Sofala Province: "Mt Gorongosa [18°20'45.3"S 34°03'08.9"E -18.345917, 34.052472, near Sabonete], 17 Jun 2007" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/174677900 by Bart Wursten in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023).

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Rwanda / Ruanda [formely part of German East Africa] [naturalised]

"National Herbarium of Rwanda, Huye [Butare / Astrida, 2°37'13.4"S 29°44'28.1"E -2.620379, 29.741151, Tumba], 23 May 2023 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/172170591 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/byona in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023).

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Socotra / Soqotra / Socotora [Island located to east of the Horn of Africa] (Yemen / Yémen / Jemen)

Socotra / Soqotra / Socotora [Island located to east of the Horn of Africa]: Hadhramaut: "Insel Sokotra [Socotra] bei Kischen [Dineghen / Danegan] (Schweinfurth!), Balfour als O. abyssinica" (Beck 1930: 208, sub O. minor Sutton); 1. "People's Democatric Republic of Yemen / Orobanche / Socotra: Hamaderoh, Homhil Plateau ... / No. M. 10211 Alt. 300 m  1.2.1990 / A.G. Miller, M. Bazar'a, L. Guarino & N. Kassim". – 2. "Orobanche abyssinica Richard / det. M.J.Y. Foley, 7.iv.2003" (E 00185993 - https://data.rbge.org.uk/herb/E00185993 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/574859464; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2014); "Hamaderoh, Homhil Plateau" (E 00185993 in Jstor.org, sub O. abyssinica, accessed Apr 2014); 1. "People's Democatric Republic of Yemen / Orobanche / Socotra: J. Rughid. Broken limestone cliffs and pinncles; woodland ... / No. M. 10336 Alt. 600 m  8.2.1990 / A.G. Miller, M. Bazar'a, L. Guarino & N. Kassim". – 2. "Orobanche minor Sm. / det. M.J.Y. Foley, 7.iv.2003" (E 00185980); "Expedition Riebeck / Nº 539 Orobanche abyssinica Rich / Kischen 600 Meter / Insel Socotra 1 Mai / 1881 Dr. G. Schweinfurth" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02977880 - P 02977880.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/13/9/P02977880.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437634950 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/5272471213E44CCE9CFFC0293FDEA71F; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2014).

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South Africa / Suid-Afrika / Sudáfrica / Afrique du Sud / Südafrika [naturalised] (see sub Orobanche [p.p. max.], O. minor and sub O. ramosa var. ramosa [p.p. maj.] in iSpot, accessed Apr 2014; O. minor Sm. in Red List of South African plants - South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI), accessed Apr 2014)

"Die Hel, Constantia" 24th October 2011, http://www.ispot.org.za/node/139760?nav=parent_ob by Jeff, sub Orobanche minor, accessed, Apr. 2014; "5, Bennington Rd" 12th November 2011 (http://www.ispot.org.za/node/141686?nav=parent_ob by Wendy, sub Orobanche ramosa var. ramosa; accessed Apr 2014); Orobanche minor, Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, 14 Aug 2022, M. Tapia Bon (photo!).

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Sudan (Beck 1890: 258, loc. class. of O. aethiopica; Friis & Vollesen 2005: 428)

Blue Nile:  1. "No. 426. / ... / Inter segetes Fabae vulgaris supra / Fassoglu et Tumad Kassan / Aethiopiae. die 25 Januarii 1838 Kotschy 1838". – 2. "Orobanche aethiopica m. / det. Dr. G. Beck [m. Beck]". 3. – "Holotypus / ..." (W 0014818 - https://w.jacq.org/W0014818 - https://www.jacq.org/detail.php?ID=294337; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2021, holotype of O. aethiopica); "Inter segetes Faba cultas supra Fassoglu et Tumad Kassan [Fazokel / Fazokl / Fazogli, was a district in colonial Egypt under British rule. It lay on the border of present day Sudan (Blue Nile) and Ethiopia] Aethiopiae, Januario 1838 (leg. Kotschy nr. 426). Vidi in herb. Vindob" (Beck 1890: 258, loc. class. of O. aethiopica).

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Tanzania / Tanzanie / Tansania [naturalised] (Stapf 1906: 467; Beck 1930: 209, sub O. minor Sutton; Orobanche minor in Apd, Feb 2014)

Arusha Region: 1. "Masai Dist. Ngorongoro Conserv. / Area [Ngorongoro District] / Laetolil, thalweg and / banks of Olduvai side Gorge / (Enjo shori R.), 1500 m N of / road to endulen, ca. 1900 m. / Dry woodland communities with / Euphorbia or Acacia. 17.9.1977". – 2. "Orobanche minor L. / Determinavit Eppo [?] 1979" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03004172 - P 03004172.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438438819 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/F30C520457714810907295BC7F8C7DE3; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Aug 2023); "National Herbarium of Tanzania (NHT) / Flora of Tanzania / Arusha Region, Arumeru District / T2, Meru Forest Reserve. / Above Olmotoni / 03º17'13''S, 36º42'16''E. 1950 m. / Cleared plantation, parasitic on Cynoglossum. / ... / Orobanche minor Smith / ... / PB Phillipson 5073, with RPC Temu, 25-5-1999 / ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04392557 - P 04392557.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/30/3/P04392557.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464964426 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A1704B87DC77434EA719DD44B72F0631; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2014).

Iringa Region: "Kilolo [7°55'03.6"S 35°47'48.4"E -7.917674, 35.796774, Ihimbo], 20 May 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/162663775 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/andreaudzungwa in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023).

Kilimanjaro: "German East Africa: Kilimanjaro, 4000-6000 ft., Volkens, 545! Johnston!" (Stapf 1906: 467); Kilimanjaro (Beck 1930: 209, sub O. minor Sutton); "Pflanzen aus Ostafrika. / (Tanganjika Terr.) / Orobanche minor Sutton / det. Mus. Bot. Berol. / Kilimandscharo: 50 Seite, 1800 m.ü. M. / Busch - Gürtelwald (untere, Grenze) - / Bergwiesen ... / 15.XII.1934 H.J. Sclieben n 4349" ( https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02977797 - P 02977797.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/13/9/P02977797.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438771714 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/FC4F4B04D40E467D9767AA70312080A2; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2014).

Tanga: "Usambara, Buchwald, 453!" (Stapf 1906: 467).

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Tunisia / تونس / Tunisie / Túnez / Tunisien (Rumsey & Jury 2002: 591; Orobanche minor in Apd, Feb 2014)

Ben Arous Governorate-Nabeul Governorate: "Orobanche / (stigm. purpureo) / Dj. Reças [Djebel Ressas, Dorsale tunisienne] / 22 mai / Mission botanique de Tunisie, 1888: / G. Barratte." (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p03428435 - P 03428435.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474706162 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/46F506CAFC254AC09FA6C6988BDFDDC4; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016, sub O. clausonis).

Bizerte / Banzart Governorate: "Souan [Djebel Souan / Souan Jebel] / 24 avril [apparently parasitizing Daucus sp.] // Orobanche cf. amethystea / Maroc / G. Buchet / Reçu le 1897-1905" (P 03428697 - G. Buchet 1897-1905; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Gabès Governorate: "L. Kralik Pl. Tunetanae / In pascuis Gabes / 14 / mai 1854" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03428433 - P 03428433.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/02/14/10/P03428433.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474877418 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/1B77C9B434254A39BF189E0F564ECFA9; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2016 [only one specimen on its label]).

Nabeul Governorate: "Orobanche / stigmate purpurascente / Rochers maritimes à El Haouaria / 7 Mai 1883. / Mission botanique en Tunisie en 1883: / M.M.E. Cosson, Doûmet-Adanson, A. Letourneux, V. Reboud; G. Barratte, E. Bonnez." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03428433 - P 03428433.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/02/14/10/P03428433.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474877418 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/1B77C9B434254A39BF189E0F564ECFA9; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2016 [two specimens on their label]); "Orobanche / Dj. Cheban [Jbel Cheban, Cap Bon] 20 mai / Mission botanique en Tunisie en 1883: / M.M.E. Cosson, Doûmet-Adanson, A. Letourneux, V. Reboud; G. Barratte, E. Bonnez." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03428434 - P 03428434.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/02/14/10/P03428434.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474933034 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/3E13C67A773843DAAEB9B49FEB3920DC; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2016 [only one specimen on its label]).

Tunis Governorate: "Orobanche minor L. / La Marsa / G. Barrete, 18 avril 1888." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03428433 - P 03428433.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/02/14/10/P03428433.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474877418 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/1B77C9B434254A39BF189E0F564ECFA9; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2016 [three specimens on their label, the left-hand specimen seems to correspond to O. castellana (big flowers) and the other two to O. minor (small flowers)]).

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Uganda (Stapf 1906: 467; Beck 1930: 209, sub O. minor Sutton)

"Uganda: Ruwenzori; cultivated land, 6000-7000 ft., Scott-Elliot, 7819! between Eldama Ravine and Mau, 7000-7500 ft., Whyte! Unryoo; Bugoma, Dawe, 750!" (Stapf 1906: 467).

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Zambia (view record in FZ, accessed Jun 2011)

Muchinga Province: "Lavushimanda [12°26'35.4"S 31°18'32.0"E -12.443179, 31.308874, near Kaponyamboo], 2 Apr 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/155582886 by Nick Helme [https://www.inaturalist.org/people/botaneek] in iNaturalist; accessed Aug 2023).

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Zimbabwe (Hyde & al. 2014)

"Gosho Park, Marondera", http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/image-display.php?species_id=152320&image_id=1 by B Jongeling, accessed Jun 2011; "Val D'Or", http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/image-display.php?species_id=152320&image_id=2 by Petra Ballings, accessed Feb 2014; "Lower northwestern slopes, Mt Gorongosa", http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/image-display.php?species_id=152320&image_id=3 and http://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/image-display.php?species_id=152320&image_id=4 by BT Wursten, accessed Feb 2014.

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America / América / Amérique / Amerika / Америка / 美洲 [naturalized] (Beck 1930: 209, sub O. minor Sutton; World wide distribution in Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, accessed Jun 2011; O. minor in CPNWH, accessed Sep 2014)

Argentina [unconfirmed] (Marticorena & Quezada 1985; Fernandez-Alonso 2000: 177, f. 3, sub O. minor Sm.; Flora Argentina 76092, accessed Mar 2020)

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Chile (Marticorena & Quezada 1985; Norambuena & al. 1999; Fernandez-Alonso 2000: 177, f. 3, sub O. minor Sm.; Cabi, accessed Feb 2014)

Biobío Province: "Chiguayante [36°55'15.0"S 73°02'09.3"W -36.920833, -73.035921], Bío Bío, Chile, 8 Oct 2021" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/97586395 by Rogers Concha in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2022!); "Chiguayante [36°54'48.7"S 73°01'56.9"W -36.913517, -73.032463], Bío Bío, Chile, 30 Oct 2021" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/99808832 by Rogers Concha in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2022!); "Quilaco [37°42'26.0"S 72°00'20.0"W -37.707212, -72.005547], Quilaco, Biobío, CL, 18 Nov 2022" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/142333505 by nitsuga74 in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2022 [probably O. minor]).

Concepción Province: VIII Región. Prov. Concepción, Santa Juana, sector Tricauco (GBIF Data Portal, accessed Feb 2014); "In Chile, O. minor is known to have occurred since 1952 and has spread south to latitude 39°S from its original site at latitude 37°S (Norambuena et al. 1999)" (Cabi, accessed Feb 2014); Av. William Condon 3076, San Pedro de la Paz, 20 Oct 2018 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/17689218 by Liam Revell in iNaturalist, accessed Mar 2020).

Diguillín Province: "Isla de San Vicente [36°52'35.4"S 71°39'02.8"W -36.876511, -71.650774], El Carmen, Ñuble, CL, 6 Nov 2021 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/100411956 by quicce in iNaturalist, accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2022!).

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Colombia (Fernandez-Alonso 2000, sub O. minor Sm.; https://herbario.jbb.gov.co/especimen/simple, accessed Nov 2022)

Boyacá Department: Boyacá... (Fernandez-Alonso 2000, sub O. minor Sm.); Boyaca (GBIF Data Portal, accessed Feb 2014); Paipa, Boyacá, Colombia (https://colombia.inaturalist.org/observations/17263250 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1978418539 by Nicolás Ramírez, accessed Jun 2018); Firavitoba, Boyacá, 25 Dec 2019 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/36950899 by Nicolás Ramírez in iNaturalist, accessed Mar 2020).

Cundinamarca Department: "en los Cerros Orientales de Bogotá, fue notificado informalmente en una publicación de corte divulgativo sobre el Cerro de Usaquén (Fernández-Alonso, 1996) ..." (Fernandez-Alonso