Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 4 May 2023


Accepted Name:

Orobanche crenata Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 113 (1775)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche crenata var. typica Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 226, t. 4 f. 69 (1890) ["Var. α. 1. typica = Orobanche crenata Forskål"], nom. inval. [not validly published] (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3)

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Orobanche speciosa DC. in Lam. & DC., Fl. Franç. ed. 3, 5: 393 (1815). Syn.: Orobanche pruinosa var speciosa (DC.) Ball in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 16(96-97): 605 (1878 [17 Jun 1878]), nom. illeg. Ind. loc.: France: "cette orobanche m'a été communiquée par M. Dufour, qui l'a trouvée aux environs de Toulon [Var Department, Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur Region]". Herbarium Specimen: 1. "Orobanche / Toulon / Dufour / 1801". – 2. "O. speciosa DC.!". – 3. "Orobanche speciosa DC.". – 4. "Orobanche crenata Forssk. / Jeanmonod, D. determ. anno 2007". – 5. "Holotypus / Orobanche speciosa / DC. [«Holotypus: France. Var.: Toulon, 1801, Dufour s.n. (G nº G00139524) (fig. 7)» (Jeanmonod 2007: 196, f. 7)]" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=120014 - G-DC 00139524.jpg - n° SIB 131343/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013)

Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrénées Suppl.: 87 (1818) (Gussone 1828: 181; Bertoloni 1846: 437; Grenier 1853: 631; Nyman 1881: 558; Beck 1890: 226; Bubani 1897: 252). Ind. loc.: France: "Prats-de-Mollo [Prats-de-Mollo-la-Preste / Prats de Molló i la Presta, Pyrénées-Orientales]! (Lap.)" (Grenier 1853: 631, sub O. speciosa). Ic.: Reichenbach 1829: t. 678, f. 911, Orobanche pruinosa. Herbarium Specimen: "Orobanche pruinosa / Lapeyr. / Pyrén. Orient -- Prats de / Mollo, au Xatard. / juillet 1847 / M. Sarrat" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419710 - P 04419710.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/3/P04419710.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465125324 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/86629D09BB564E5DAD16C6B95B3FFC92; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013)

= Orobanche de la fêve Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 51 (1827), nom. inval. [not validly published]. Syn.: Orobanche fabae-sativae Vaucher ex Duby, Bot. Gall.: 349 (1828); Orobanche viciae-fabae F.W. Schultz in Ann. Gew. Regensb. 5: 500 (1830); Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 87 (1818) (Vaucher 1822: 51; Duby 1828: 349; Schultz 1830: 500). Ind. loc.: "Je l'ai reçue de Palerme [Sicily, Italy], comme croissant sur les Fèves... Wallroth et LaPeyrouse disent qu'elle croît aussi en Espagne, ... Prats de Mollo [Prats-de-Mollo-la-Preste / Prats de Molló i la Presta, Pyrénées-Orientales] ... propage en France"

= Orobanche fabae-sativae Duby, Bot. Gall.: 349 (1828) ["O. Fabae-sativae Vauch. l. c. t. 5"], pro syn. Syn.: Orobanche de la fêve Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 51 (1827), nom. inval. [not validly published]

= Orobanche viciae-fabae F.W. Schultz in Ann. Gew. Regensb. 5: 500 (1830) ["13. O. Viciae Fabae Tab. V (O. pruinosa W."], pro syn. Syn.: Orobanche de la fêve Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 51 (1827), nom. inval. [not validly published]

= Orobanche grandiflora Bory & Chaub., Exp. Sci. Morée, Bot. : 178 (1832 [24 Sep 1832]) [Bory & Chaub., Nouv. Fl. Pelop.: 40. t. 23 (1838), non Orobanche grandiflora C. Presl, Fl. Sicul. 1: 34 (1826) (= Orobanche variegata Wallr. (1825))] (Nyman 1881: 558). Ind. loc.: Greece: "Fl. jaunâtres, P. Parasite sur la racine du Vicia sativa; recueillie sur la côte orientale de Messénie, jusques sur les pentes herbeuses de l'Ithome [Ithome / Ἰθώμη / Ithomi / Vourkano(s) / Βουρκάνο(ς) / Voulcano(s) / Βουλκάνο, near Valyra / Βαλύρα]" (Bory & Chaubard 1832: 178). Herbarium Specimens: "Orobanche grandiflora Bory et Chaub. / Itodon [Ithome?] / Mr. Lenormand 1844 [?]" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558974 - G-BOIS 00769036 - n° SIB 436292/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); 1. "1386. / Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. / grandi / flora Bory et Chaub. ? [O. grandiflora Bory & Chaub.] / corollis albis maximi / ad radices Leguminosarar. praecipae / in campis Ervi Erviliae [Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd. (≡ Ervum ervilia L.)] / copiose prope Loutro (Sphakia [Sfakia / Σφακιά]) / 5 Aprili 1845". – 2. "Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. / Creta ad radices leguminosarum / propé Loutro Sphakia [Sfakia / Σφακιά] / d. Heldreich / Aprili 1846 [m. Boissier]" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558977 - G-BOIS 00769039.jpg - n° SIB 436295/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023)

? = Orobanche klugei J. Schmitz & Regel, Fl. Bonn: 190 (1841). Syn.: ? = Orobanche picta Wilms in Jahresb. Bot. Sekt. Westf. Prov. Ver. Wiss. Kunst 1878: 6-7 (1879) (Beck 1890: 227); ? = Orobanche crenata var. typica f. silvestris Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 227 (1890) (Beck 1890: 227; Tela Botanica, accessed Apr 2011). Ind. loc.: Germany: "Ad radices Trifolii medii [Trifolium medium L.] prope Bonn Germaniae [Cologne]" (Reuter 1847: 24, sub O. Klugei). Obs. "stigmate cerino-flavo"

= Orobanche segetum Spruner ex F.W. Schultz in Flora 26: 129 (1843) (Nyman 1881: 558; Beck 1890: 226). Ind. loc.: Greece: "In Hordeo vulgari sativo [?] ad Naupliam [Nafplion / Nauplia / Navplion / Ναύπλιο] legit Cl. Spruner" (Schultz 1843: 129)

= Orobanche angustisepala F.W. Schultz in Flora 26: 130 (1843). Syn.: Orobanche crenata var. typica f. angustisepala (F.W. Schultz) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 226 (1890) (Beck 1890: 226). Ind. loc.: "In Orabo digitato [Orobus digitatus M. Bieb. Lathyrus digitatus (M. Bieb.) Fiori] in Hymetto [Hymettus / Hymettos / Υμηττός / Trellos / Trellovouno, mountain range in the Athens area, East Central Greece] legit Cl. Fraas. (Exemplaria hujus speciei a Cl. Noé prope Fiume [Rijeka, Croacia / Croatia] lecta et abaque indicatione plantae nutritiae mihi communicata majora sunt.)". Type: WU 0077696 - Europeana 517604. Obs. "Habitus O. pruinosa, an hujus var.?" (Schultz 1843: 130)

? = Orobanche squalida Steven in Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 30: 354 (1857) (Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 97[103], sub O. versicolor, = O. pubescens d’Urv.; Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 455; view IPNI entry; Uhlich & al. 1995: 113; CBNBP-MNHN 2010; MNHN 2003-2010)

? = Orobanche picta Wilms in Jahresb. Bot. Sekt. Westf. Prov. Ver. Wiss. Kunst 1878: 6-7 (1879) (Beck 1890: 227). Obs. "Ad. rad. Pelargonii" (Beck 1890: 227)

= Orobanche pelargonii Caldesi in Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 12: 175 (1880) (Pusch 2009: 38, sub O. crenata). Syn.: Orobanche speciosa var. pelargonii (Caldesi) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. (ed. 2): 413 (1894); = Orobanche crenata var. silvestris (Beck) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 139 (1930); = Orobanche crenata var. typica f. silvestris Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 227 (1890) (Beck 1930: 140). Ind. loc.: Italy: "Sul Pelargonium inquinans nel Giardino Carboni a Faenza (Cald.)" (Arcangeli 1894: 413)

= Orobanche cyamophya St.-Lag. in Cariot, Etud. Fl. ed. 8(2): 648 (1889) (Beck 1930: 139 ["sec. Ind. Kew. Suppl. I. 304"])

= Orobanche altisima F.W. de Noë ex Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 226 (1890) ["Noë, Exsicc.!"], pro syn. (Nyman 1881: 558). Ind. loc.: Croatia: "Exemplaria hujus speciei a Cl. Noé prope Fiume [Rijeka] lecta et abaque indicatione plantae nutritiae mihi communicata majora sunt." (Schultz 1843: 130); "Fiume [Rijeka] in Piso Noë!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 91, sub O. speciosa)

= Orobanche crispa Zahlbr. ex Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 226 (1890) ["Orobanche crispa Zahlbr., in herb. Univ. Pragensis"], pro syn.

= Orobanche erviliae Rigo ex Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 139 (1930) ["O. Erviliae Rigo Exs.!"], pro syn. Ind. loc.: Italy: "in den Abruzzen bei Assergia [Assergi / L'Aquila] (G. Rigo als O. Erviliae!)" (Beck 1930: 138)

= Orobanche clementei C. Vicioso in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 6(2): 75[-76], 91 t. 3 (1948). Ind. loc.: Spain: "Crecit ad radices Medicago sp. in «Aracena (Huelva)» ubi floret Junii". Holotype: MA 114898 (Bayón 1986: 125, sub O clementei; Carlón & al. 2008: 113-114)

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= Orobanche speciosa subsp. gussonii Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 558 (1881) ["*O. Gussonii nob.  O. alba Guss. syn. (excl. synon.)"]. Ind. loc.: Italy, Sicily: "Sicil. (r.)" (Nyman 1881: 558)

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= Orobanche minor var. lapeyrousii Noul., Fl. Bass. Sous-pyrén.: 486 (1837) ["Lapeyrousii"] (Beck 1890: 226)

= Orobanche pruinosa var. speciosa (DC.) Ball in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 16(96-97): 605 (1878 [17 Jun 1878]), nom. inval. Syn.: Orobanche speciosa DC. in Lam. & DC., Fl. Franç. ed. 3, 5: 393 (1815). Ind. loc.: Morocco: "Mar. merid.— Specimen unicum legit prope Sektana [Sektana-Rhighaia / Sektana-Rhighaïa / Souktana, 31°18'20.2"N 7°55'11.0"W 31.305610, -7.919720, Marrakech-Tensift-Al Haouz] J.D.H.!" (Ball 1878: 605)

= Orobanche speciosa var. parviflora E. Rev., Pl. Crete: n. 259 (1884) ["Exsiccatae"], nom. inval. (Beck 1930: 140). Ind. loc.: Greece / Ελλάδα, Chania / Περιφερειακή ενότητα Χανίων: "Creta: Sphakia [Sfakiá / Σφακιά is a mountainous area in the southwestern part of the island]" (Beck, 1890: 228); "Creta: ! bei Sphakia, Kissamos (Reverchon)" (Beck 1930: 138, 140). Herbarium Specimen: Type: "Elisée Reverchon. — Plantes de Crète / 1884 / nº 259 / Orobanche speciosa D. C. / Var. parviflora Nobis. / Kissamos, sur les Fèves. / 3 mai." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04405512 - P 04405512.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465204488 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/C900E2EC4CB648F3950EC1E47ECE8C05; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016)

= Orobanche speciosa var. pelargonii (Caldesi) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. (ed. 2): 413 (1894) ["b. Pelargónii (Cald.)"]. Syn.: Orobanche pelargonii Caldesi in Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 12: 175 (1880)

= Orobanche crenata var. lactiflora Pau in Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 27(3): 444 (1899). Ind. loc.: Spain: "campos donde se cultivan las guijas [Lathyrus sativus L.], junto á Canals [Costera, Valencian Community]". Obs. "espiga de pocas flores, corolas lácteas y más pequeñas..." (Pau 1899: 444). Herbarium Specimen: Type: Valle Játiva pr. Canals, ad rad. Lathyris sativi L., 8-VI-1896, C. Pau (MA 114909)

= Orobanche amethystea var. maura Jahand. & Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 14: 68 (1923). Ind. loc.: Morocco: "Hab. ad littus Oceani in Imperio Maroccano occidentali: in arenosis maritimis prope Salam [Salé], ubi ad radices Eryngii maritimi viget et aprili floret — Typus in Herbario Universitatis Algeriensis". Herbarium Specimens: 1. "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche amethystea Thuill. / var. maura n. var. / M. Plage de Salé, sur Eryngium / maritimum / 22-4-1921 / [leg.] Jahandiez nº 69 [det.] Dr. R. Maire". – 2. "MPU holotype ... / Datus: 11.03.2004 / Auct. Muriel durand & Caroline Loup". – 3. "... Hab. ad littus Oceani in Imperio Maroccano occidentali : in arenosis maritimis prope Salam ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu000164 - MPU 000164.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424537604; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2004, holotype ["Typus in Herbario Universitatis Algeriensis"] of O. amethystea var. maura Jah. & Maire in Aluka, accessed Jul 2008); 1. "69 / Herbier E. Jahandiez / plantes du Maroc / Orobanche amethystea Thuill. / var. maura Jahand. et Maire n. var. / Parasite sur Eryngium maritimum / Localité Plage de Salé / Date 22 avril 1921 / [leg. Jahandiez det. Dr. R. Maire]". – 2. "AIX-Jahandiez Herbier d'Emile Jahandiez ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mhnaix/collection/aix/item/aix000091 - AIX 000091.jpg - hb. Jahandiez - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/731858235; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2004, isotype of O. amethystea var. maura (Carlón & al. 2008: 113-114))

= Orobanche crenata var. abbreviata (Beck) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 139 (1930). Syn.: Orobanche crenata var. typica f. abbreviata Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 227 (1890). Ind. loc.: "Cum typo ex cultis fugitiva in plantis variis"

= Orobanche crenata var. silvestris (Beck) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 139 (1930). Syn.: Orobanche crenata var. typica f. silvestris Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 227 (1890)

= Orobanche crenata var. brachysepala Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 358 (1939 [Sep-Dec 1939]) ["n. var."]. Ind. loc.: Algeria: "Alger, sur les Pelargonium hybrides cultivés" (Maire 1938: 358). Ic: see "Holotype of Orobanche crenata Forsk. var. brachysepala Maire" in Aluka, accessed Jul 2008). Herbarium Specimens: 1. "Dr. R. Maire - Itinera algerica / 1938 Orobanche crenata Forsk. / var. brachysepala Maire / In hortis urbis Alger, ad radices / Pelargonium / undique violacea / corolla violacea albo-lilacino variegata / 4-3[-1938]". – 2. "MPU Holotype Notulae criticae nº 3037 ... Datus: 19.08.2004 / Auct.: T. Madaule, M. Durand & C. Loup ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu004199 - MPU 004199.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424541084 - http://plants.jstor.org/specimen/mpu004199; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2005, syntype [holotype] of O. crenata var. brachysepala (Maire 1940: 358, loc. class. of O. crenata var. brachysepala; Carlón & al. 2008: 113, sub O. crenata)); "Dr. R. Maire - Itinera Alerica / 1941 / Orobanche crenata var. brachysepala Maire / ad Pelargonium grandiflorum culta / Icosii [Oran] / planta valde / violaceo tincta / 28-2-1941" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu064624 - MPU 064624.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424839852 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/0BEA5A187A5B4C2D9A5FA8BEFFEFD0E6; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2005 (Carlón & al. 2008: 113-114))

Orobanche crenata var. callieri Tzvelev in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 23: 262 (1986) (view IPNI entry). Syn.: Orobanche callieri (Tzvelev) Tzvelev in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 46: 206 (2015 [28 Dec 2015])

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= Orobanche crenata [var. typica] subvar. plataphylla J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 125 (1904). Syn.: Orobanche crenata [var. typica] f. plataphylla (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 139 (1930). Ind. loc.: Portugal: "Centro littoral: — Arredores de Lisboa: Tapada da Ajuda, Portella (parasita do Pisum sativum L., Helminthia echioides Gärtn., Ornithopus sp., Melilotus vulgaris W., Melilotus Italica Lam., Cynodon dactylon Pers.[?], Welwitsch!, n.° 1086 Pereira Coutinho!, A. Guimarães!), Queluz (parasita da Vicia Faba L., A. Guimarães!)"

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= Orobanche crenata [var. typica] f. abbreviata Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 227 (1890). Ind. loc.: "In incultis rare"

= Orobanche crenata f. alba Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 358 (1939 [1939 [Sep-Dec 1939]). Ind. loc.: Algeria: "Alger, sur Pisum sativum L." (Maire 1938: 358). Ic: see "Holotype of Orobanche crenata Forsk. f. alba Maire" in Aluka, accessed Jul 2008; Carlón & al. 2008: 113-114). Herbarium Specimens: 1. "Dr. R. Maire - Itinera algerica / 1938 / Orobanche crenata Forsk. / forma alba / Ad radices Pisi sativi prope Alger / planta undique alba / 1-6-[1938]". – 2. "MPU Type Notulae criticae nº 3037 ... Datus: 21.06.2005 / Auct.: T. Madaule ..."  (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu004564 - MPU 004564.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424541447; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2005, syntype [holotype] of O. crenata f. alba (Maire 1940: 358, loc. class. of O. crenata f. alba; Carlón & al. 2008: 113, sub O. crenata)

= Orobanche crenata [var. typica] f. angustisepala (F.W. Schultz) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 226 (1890). Syn.: Orobanche angustisepala F.W. Schultz in Flora 26: 130 (1843)

= Orobanche crenata [var. typica] f. brachystachys Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 226 (1890). Ind. loc.: "Videtur forma typi minus evoluta"

= Orobanche crenata [var. typica] f. lasiothrix Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 226 (1890). Ind. loc.: "Rare inter typum occurrit"

= Orobanche crenata [var. typica] f. plataphylla (J.A. Guim.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 139 (1930). Syn.: = Orobanche crenata var. typica subvar. plataphylla J.A. Guim. in Brotéria 3: 125 (1904)

= Orobanche crenata [var. typica] f. silvestris Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 227 (1890). Syn.: = Orobanche pelargonii Caldesi in Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 12: 175 (1880). Ind. loc.: "E culturis fugitivam non raro in viciniis earum ad radices plantarum variarum, in hortis ad radices Pelargoniorum..."

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Misapplied names:

– Orobanche caryophyllacea auct., non Orobanche caryophyllacea Sm. in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 169 (1798 [24 May 1798]) (Vaucher 1822: 51, "DeRoz, Orobanches inedites de Sicile")

– Orobanche foetida sensu Viv., Fl. Libyc. Spec.: 34 (1824), non Orobanche foetida Poir., Voy. Barbarie 2: 195 (1789) (Jafri 1978: 21)

– Orobanche grandiflora Bory & Chaub. in Bory, Exp. Sci. Morée, Bot. 3(2): 178 t. 22 (1832 [24 Sep 1832]) (Grisebach 1844: 56, sub O. pruinosa; Webb 1845: 156) [Nouv. Fl. Pelop.: 983 t. 23 (1838) (Reuter 1847: 19, sub O. pruinosa; view IPNI entry)], non Orobanche grandiflora C. Presl, Fl. Sicul. 1: 34 (1826) [= Orobanche variegata Wallr. (1825)] (Webb 1845: 156, sub O. pruinosa; Nyman 1854-1855: 130; Beck 1890: 226). Ic.: 196355 in Plantillustrations.org (accessed Nov 2014)

– Orobanche alba auct., non Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 350 (1800) (Beck 1930: 139)

– Orobanche alba sensu Mutel, Fl. Franç. 2: 350 (1835), non Orobanche alba Stephan ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 350 (1800) (Reuter 1847: 19, sub O. speciosa; Grenier 1853: 631, sub O. speciosa; Reichenbach f. 1862: 91, sub O. speciosa; Beck 1890: 226). Ind. loc.: "Environs de Toulon [France] (De Pouzzolz)". Obs. "stigm. jaune, glanduleux ... Fl. d'un blanc rougeâtre ou jaunâtre" (Mutel 1835: 350)

– Orobanche canescens auct., non Orobanche canescens C. Presl in J. Presl & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 72 (1822) (Schultz 1843: 129; Beck 1930: 139 ["vidi orig."]). Ind. loc.: Greece: "In Lathyro, Vicia etc. in Graecia [Greece] legit Cl. Spruner"

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Ind. loc.: Egypt: "Káhirae [Al Qāhirah / Cairo, N 30° 3' 45'' E 31° 14' 58'']".

Typus / Type: "Typus: Kahiras [Al Qāhirah / Cairo], Forssk., C" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 19, sub O. crenata); "Type: [Egypt] Kahira (Cairo), Forsskål (holo. C)" (Gilli 1982: 14); "The type of Orobanche crenata was collected in Cairo, Egypt, Forsskål 358 (C)" (Boulos 2002: 92, sub O. crenata); [Al Qāhirah / Cairo, N 30° 3' 45'' E 31° 14' 58'', Egypt] (C 10002697 - hb. Forsskålii N.º 1533 - hb. Vahl; det. F.N. Hepper, 1986, syntype); "Orobanche crenata Forsåk., Fl. Aeg. Arab. p. LXVIII nº. 304 / p. 113 Cent. IV no 45 / Káhira / hodie Orobanche crenata Forsk. / = O. pruinosa Lapeyr.    O. speciosa DC. / teste P. Ascherson 1881" (C 10002699 - hb. Forsskålii N.º 358, syntype; confirmavit. F.N. Hepper, 1986); [Al Qāhirah / Cairo, N 30° 3' 45'' E 31° 14' 58'', Egypt] (C 10002698; det. F.N. Hepper 1986, syntype).

Designated by: H. Schiman-Czeika. Orobanchaceae. In: Rechinger, K.H. (ed.). Flora Iranica: 19. (1964).

Host: usually on cultivated species of Leguminosae [Fabaceae] (e.g., Vicia faba L.) and Umbelliferae [Apiaceae] (e.g., Daucus carota L.), more rarely also on other families (Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009). "A single mature O. crenata plant may produce over 200,000 seeds (Parker and Riches, 1993) that may remain viable in soil for 10 years (Linke and Saxena, 1991)" (Haidar & Sidahmed 2000).

Ammi majus L. Israel (SAV 0003258.jpg; SAV 0003256.jpg; Nábĕlek 1926: 38, sub O. crenata).

Apium graveolens L. Algeria (Feliachi & Aouali 2005, sub O. crenata).

Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth [≡ Cytisus cajan L.]. India (Akhter & al. 2020, sub O. crenata).

Cicer arietinum L. Algeria (Feliachi & Aouali 2005, sub O. crenata), Ethiopia (Reda 2006: 3, sub O. crenata), Lebanon (P 02985746.jpg), Portugal (Coutinho 1913: 568), Spain (Oliveira Velloso & al. 1994: 630, sub O. crenata).

Daucus carota L. [s.l.]. Israel (Kreutz 1995: 87 photo 1!), Spain (MAF 36227; Pujadas 2001: 81).

Daucus muricatus (L.) L. [≡ Artedia muricata L.]. Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11748).

Eryngium maritimum L. Morocco (MPU 000164.jpg - hb. Maire; AIX 000091.jpg - hb. Jahandiez), Spain (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11848; Carlón & al. 2005: 36, sub O. crenata).

Geranium sp. [of garden origen (Pelargonium L'Hér. ex Aiton)] (sec. Gillot in Beck 1890: 227, sub O. crenata and Beck 1930: 137, sub O. crenata).

Hedysarum coronarium L. [≡ Sulla coronaria (L.) B.H. Choi & H. Ohashi]. Spain (Córdoba & al. 2008: 1709, sub O. crenata).

Lactuca sativa L. Spain (Landa & al. 2006).

Lathyrus cicera L. (Beck 1890: 227, sub O. crenata). Canary Islands (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12488).

Lathyrus digitatus (M. Bieb.) Fiori [≡ Orobus digitatus M. Bieb.]. Greece (WU 0077696; Schultz 1843: 130, sub O. angustisepala).

Lathyrus hirsutus L. Algeria (P 04410505.jpg - hb. Faurel).

Lathyrus inconspicuus L. [≡ Lotus siliquosus L.; ≡ Tetragonolobus siliquosus Roth]. (Beck 1890: 227, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 137, sub O. crenata).

Lathyrus odoratus L. (Pusch 2009: 40, sub O. crenata).

Lathyrus sativus L. Ethiopia (Reda 2006: 3, sub O. crenata), Spain (Pau 1899: 444, sub O. crenata var. lactiflora Pau; Pujadas 2001: 81).

Lathyrus sphaericus Retz. [= Lathyrus angulatus L.]. (Beck 1890: 227, sub O. crenata).

Lens culinaris Medik. [= Ervum lens L.; Vicia lens (L.) Coss. & Germ.]. (Beck 1890: 227, sub O. crenata). Ethiopia (Reda 2006: 3, sub O. crenata), France (P 04419732.jpg - hb. Drake), Greece (G-BOIS 00769013 - n° SIB 436300/1), Serbia (Kojić 2001: 87), Spain (Oliveira Velloso & al. 1994: 630, sub O. crenata; Fernández Aparicio & al. 2008; Rubiales & al. 2008: 1368, sub O. crenata), Turkey (G-BOIS 00769020.jpg - n° SIB 436312/1; photo by Jan Grenz; accessed Mar 2011).

Lens nigricans (M.Bieb.) Webb & Berthel. [= Vicia lentoides (Ten.) Coss. & Germ.]. Canary Islands (Stierstorfer 2005).

Lotus edulis L. Sicily (LI 283976).

Lupinus L. (Beck 1890: 227, sub O. crenata). Lebanon (G-BOIS 00769070.jpg - n° SIB 436297/1).

Lupinus albus L. Egypt (Fernández-Aparicio & al. 2009: 970, sub O. crenata), Spain (Fernández-Aparicio & al. 2009: 970, sub O. crenata).

Medicago L. Spain (Vicioso 1948: 75-76, sub of O. clementei).

Medicago sativa L. Algeria (Feliachi & Aouali 2005), Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 101, sub O. crenata).

Pelargonium L'Hér. ex Aiton [of garden origen]. (Gillot in Beck 1890: 227, sub O. crenata; Pusch 2009: 40, sub O. crenata). Algeria (Battandier 1890: 662, sub O. speciosa; MPU 004199.jpg - hb. Maire; Maire 1939: 358), Austria (Rechinger in Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata), England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 273, sub O. crenata), Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 34 "occasionellement", 36, 102, sub O. crenata), Israel (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/153357217 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4076109730 by centaur), Italy (Caldesi 1880: 175, sub O. pelargonii; Arcangeli 1894: 413, sub O. speciosa var. pelargonii; Beck 1890: 227, sub O. crenata f. silvestris).

Pelargonium grandiflorum (Andrews) Willd. [≡ Geranium grandiflorum Andrews]. Algeria (MPU 064624.jpg - hb. Maire).

Pelargonium inquinans (L.) L'Hér. [≡ Geranium inquinans L.]. (Stein in Beck 1930: 137, sub O. crenata). Italy (Arcangeli 1894: 413, sub O. speciosa var. pelargonii).

Pelargonium zonale (L.) L'Hér. [≡ Geranium zonale L.]. (Beck 1930: 137, sub O. crenata).

Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Fuss [≡ Apium crispum Mill.]. Israel (Goldwasser & al. 2003).

Pisum sativum L. [= Lathyrus oleraceus Lam.]. (Beck 1890: 227, sub O. crenata). Algeria (Battandier 1890: 662, sub O. speciosa; Maire 1938 (MPU 004564.jpg - hb. Maire)), Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 36, sub O. crenata), Croatia (P 02977886.jpg - Noë 22; K 000759362.jpg - 400416), England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 274, sub O. crenata), Ethiopia (Reda 2006: 3, sub O. crenata), France (CLF 210023.jpg), Greece (G-BOIS 00769015.jpg - n° SIB 436308/1), Portugal (Guimarães 1904: 126, sub var. angustisepala; Guimarães 1904: 126, sub O. crenata var. typica subvar. plataphylla), Serbia (Kojić 2001: 87), Spain (Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa; Colmeiro 1888: 277, sub O. speciosa; Oliveira Velloso & al. 1994: 630, sub O. crenata; Rubiales & al. 2009).

Punica granatum L. Israel (Dor & al. 2014: 859, sub O. crenata).

Trifolium medium L. Germany (Reuter 1847: 24, sub O. Klugei).

Trifolium pratense L. (Beck 1930: 137, sub O. crenata). Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 101), Spain (Cuatrecasas 1929: 429; Pujadas 2002: 392).

Trifolium subterraneum L. Greece (herb. Gutermann 34176 (Carlón & al. 2005: 64, sub O. crenata)).

Tropaeolum majus L. (Beck 1930: 137, sub O. crenata). Algeria (Battandier 1890: 662, sub O. speciosa), Canary Islands (https://identify.plantnet.org/afn/observations/1006661586 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2974325428 by Mercedes García), Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 34 "aujourd'hui son hôte privilégié", 102, 114 t. 4, sub O. crenata), Gibraltar (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/118232468 by Kian Khalilian), Madeira Islands (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/111789345 by Vítor Jorge), Malta (Mifsud sub O. crenata in Malta Wild Plants), Portugal (photos by Jörn Germer, accessed Mar 2011), Turkey (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/151737123 by Алексей Сивухин [Alexey Sivukhin]).

Vicia benghalensis L. [= V. atropurpurea Desf.]. Canary Islands (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13532).

Vicia bithynica (L.) L. [≡ Lathyrus bithynicus L.]. England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 274, sub O. crenata), France (P 04419719.jpg - hb. Cosson), Spain (Montserrat 1957: 350).

Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd. [≡ Ervum ervilia L.]. (Beck 1890: 227, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 137, sub O. crenata). Greece (G-BOIS 00769039.jpg - n° SIB 436295/1; G-BOIS 00769040 - n° SIB 436296/1), Israel (SAV 0003255.jpg), Italy (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. erviliae Rigo ex Beck), Serbia (Kojić 2001: 87), Syria (SAV 0003255.jpg; Nábĕlek 1926: 38, sub O. crenata), Turkey (photo by Jan Grenz; accessed Mar 2011).

Vicia faba L. [= Faba sativa Bernh.; = Faba vulgaris Moench]. Algeria (Battandier 1890: 662, sub O. speciosa), Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 36, 101, sub O. crenata), Czech Republic (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata), Egypt (P 02978286.jpg - hb. E. Cosson; G-BOIS 00769022.jpg - n° SIB 436314/1; G-BOIS 00769025.jpg - n° SIB 436309/1), England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 273, sub O. crenata), Estonia (TU301917 - TU(B) 749557, TU 301918 - TU(B) 749558), Ethiopia (Reda 2006: 3, sub O. crenata), France (Reichenbach 1829: 40, sub O. pruinosa; P 04419727.jpg - hb. Drake), Germany (AMD 84175.jpg; Pusch 2009: 39, sub O. crenata), Greece (P 04419712.jpg - hb. E. Cosson; P 04419698.jpg), Italy (Vaucher 1822: 51), Libya (Jafri 1978: 21-22), Spain (P 04419731jpg - hb. Drake; Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa; Colmeiro 1888: 277, sub O. speciosa; Willkomm 1893: 187, sub O. crenata; Pau 1899: 443-444; P 04419829.jpg - hb. Guétrot; Oliveira Velloso & al. 1994: 630, sub O. crenata; Pujadas 2001: 81; herb. Sánchez Pedraja 10498; Patino & al. 2009, online), Sudan (Babiker 2007, sub O. crenata), Syria (P 02968114.jpg; Reichenbach f. 1862: 91, sub O. speciosa; SAV 0003259.jpg; Nábĕlek 1926: 38, sub O. crenata; USF 197174.jpg), Turkey (photo by Jan Grenz, accessed Mar 2011).

Vicia hirsuta (L.) Gray [≡ Ervum hirsutum L.]. England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 274, sub O. crenata; Clement & Foster 1994: 283).

Vicia melanops Sibth. & Sm. [= Vicia pichleri Huter]. (Beck 1890: 227, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 137, sub O. crenata).

Vicia narbonensis L. Spain (Córdoba & al. 2008: 1709, sub O. crenata).

Vicia sativa L. Corsica (Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 102, sub O. crenata), France (P 04419719.jpg - hb. Cosson), Greece (Bory & Chaubard 1832: 178, sub O. grandiflora), Spain (Cuatrecasas 1929: 429; Sanz Elorza 1998: 198; Rubiales & al. 2008: 1368, sub O. crenata).

Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb. [≡ Ervum tetraspermum L.]. England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 274, sub O. crenata; Clement & Foster 1994: 283, Thorogood & Rumsey 2021: 96).

Comments:

Chorological obs.: Native of Mediterranean region. Naturalised and casual in other places of Europe and Asia.

Morphological obs.: In this species the stigma can have many different colours (white, yellow, orange, pink, purple) (Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 1: 13 t. 5, 17-18. 2002).

Phylogenetic relationships: Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 36, 37, 61 f. 4 ["Phylogenetic relationships"], 64 (2005); Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 113-114 (2008).

Controversial taxa (provisional treatment):

Orobanche callieri (Tzvelev) Tzvelev in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 46: 206 (2015 [28 Dec 2015]). Syn.: Orobanche crenata var. callieri Tzvelev in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 23: 262 (1986) (view IPNI entry). Ind. loc.: "U.S.S.R. (Crimea [Krim / Krym])".

Type: 1. "Orobanche crenata var. callieri Tzvelev var. nova Typus! / Крым [Crimea], / Сапун-гора [Mount Sapun, southeast of Sevastopol], каменистые степные / участки у дороги, на [on] Salvia aethiopis L.!!  Leg. Н. Цвелёв [N. Tzvelev],... / 1984.16.V  No 590 / Det. Н. Цвелёв [N. Tzvelev] / Herbarium Instituti Botanici Academiae Sc. URSS". – 2. "Orobanche callieri (Tzvelev) Tzvelev / Typus! / Determinavit Tzvelev N.N. (Цвелёв Н.Н.) IV.2015" (LE 00050357 - http://re.herbariumle.ru/00050357 - http://en.herbariumle.ru/?t=occ&id=4824 - Record creation: 2019-05-05, Мельников Денис Германович [Melnikov Denis Germanovich], type [holotype]; LE 00050358 - http://re.herbariumle.ru/00050358 - http://en.herbariumle.ru/?t=occ&id=4825 - Record creation: 2019-05-05, Мельников Денис Германович [Melnikov Denis Germanovich], type [isotype]).

Ic: "Цветущее растение (справа - Salvia aethiopis). Крым, окр. Севастополя [Crimea, env. Sevastopol]. 25 мая 2009 г." (photo id 17975 by Павел Евсеенков [Paul Evseenkov], 2009 in Plantarium 47758, accessed Dec 2017); "Цветущие растения. Крым, Севастополь [Crimea, Sevastopol], плато Карань. 24.05.2009." (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/18421.html, plantarium.ru/page/image/id/18422 and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/18423 by Илья Турбанов [Ilya Turbanov], 2009 [растение определил(а) Павел Евсеенков [Paul Evseenkov]] in Plantarium 47758, accessed Dec 2017); "Цветущее растение. Крым, Севастополь [Crimea, Sevastopol], бух. Камышовая. 6 июня 2011 г." (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/92669.html and plantarium.ru/page/image/id/92670 by Павел Евсеенков [Paul Evseenkov], 2011 [растение определил(а) Холгер Улих (Uhlich)] in Plantarium 47758, accessed Dec 2017); "Цветущие растения. Крым, Байдарская долина [Crimea, Baidar valley], окр. с. Тыловое. 20.05.2010." (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/86550.html, https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/86551.html and http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/86552.html by Илья Турбанов [Ilya Turbanov], 2011 [растение определил(а) Холгер Улих (Uhlich)] in Plantarium 47758, accessed Dec 2017); "Цветущие растения. Крым, г. Севастополь [Crimea, Sevastopol], окр с. Морозовка [Balaklava District], поляна в можжевеловом редколесье. 19.05.2019." (http://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/622136.html by Людмила Саплицкая [Lyudmila Saplitskaya], 2019; растение определил(а) Павел Евсеенков [Paul Evseenkov] in Plantarium 47758, accessed Jun 2019).

Herbarium Specimens: "A. Callier: Iter Tauricum tertium anni 1900. / curavit I. Dörfler. / No. 692. / Orobanche crenata Forsk. / Sewastopol In Salvia Aethiopis [?] / prope Balaklawa [Балаклава / Balıqlava] / 2.VI. / det. v. Beck." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02977883 - P 02977883.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); idem (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04405531 - P 04405531.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); idem (O:V:2254796 - http://www.unimus.no/felles/bilder/web_hent_bilde.php?id=12971126&type=jpeg - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/1702127046; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2019).

Morphological obs.: "Паразитирует на Salvia aethiopis. Отличается от предыдущего вида более толстым стеблем с очень густым и многоцветковым соцветием, а также питающим растением. Пока известен только из типового местонахождения" (Tzvelev 2015: 206).

Orobanche owerinii (Beck) Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 39[471] (1922 [31 May 1922]) ["22. Orobanche (Osproleon) Owerini Beck, nov. spec."] (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 77-78 f. 51, sub O. owerini). Synonyms: Orobanche crenata var. owerini Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 227 (1890 [Jan-Apr 1890]) ["β (Orobanche) Owerini"]: Orobanche owerini var. typica var. typica Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 142 (1930), nom. illeg. (Art. 24.3); – "Orobanche Ligustri C. Koch in Herb. Berol. p.p. (vidi orig.), non Orobanche ligustri Suard ex Godr. (1843); – "Orobanche lucorum C. Koch in Herb. Berol., vidi orig.", non Orobanche lucorum A. Braun ex F.W. Schultz (1830) (Beck 1930: 142)

Infraspecific taxa:

Orobanche owerinii var. woronowii Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 39[471] (1922 [31 May 1922]) ["var. β. Woronowii Beck, nov. var."]. Syn.: Orobanche woronowii Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 39[471] (1922 [31 May 1922]), in sched. (unpublished name)

Orobanche crenata f. gracillina Beck in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 38[470] (1922 [31 May 1922] ["nov. f."] et Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 142 (1930) ["Forma 3."]. Ind. loc.: "Ciscaucasia: prov. Terek prope Wladikawkas [Vladikavkaz, North Ossetia-Alania, Russia / Rusia] cum typo et O. Owerini G. Beck (Akimfiew) (Beck 1922: 38[470]; Uhlich 2010).

Chromosomatic number: n = 19 (Gardé 1951 "Portugal"; Moreno & al. 1979; Palomeque & Sañudo 1981 "Granada, Spain"; Fernández López & Palomeque 1984 "Jaén, Spain"); 2n = 38 (Schneeweiss & al. 2004; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 34).

Ic.: a, inflorescences (Haria, Canary Islands, Spain); b, habit (on Vicia faba L. [Leguminosae]; Córdoba, Spain); c, front view of flower (ib.); d, flower dorsal view (on Eryngium maritimum L. [Umbelliferae], Zahara de los Atunes, Spain); e, pistil (ib.); f, Reichenbach 1829: t. 678, f. 911, sub O. pruinosa; g, Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 225, t. 4 f. 69 (1890); h, Fiume, Croatia (P 02977886.jpg - Noë 22, sub O. pruinosa); i, Grazalema, Spain (P 04419831.jpg, sub O. speciosa); j, Egypt (P 02978291.jpg, sub O. pruinosa).

Distribution: Albania, Algeria, Armenia [unconfirmed (see O. owerinii)], Austria [alien], Azerbaijan [unconfirmed (see O. owerinii)], Azores Islands, Balearic Islands, Bulgaria, Canary Islands, Corsica, Crete, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic [alien], Egypt, England [alien], Estonia [alien], Ethiopia [alien], Finland [alien], France, Georgia [unconfirmed (see O. owerinii)], Germany [alien], Gibraltar, Greece, India [alien], Iran, Iraq [unconfirmed (see O. owerinii)], Israel, Italy, Krim, Lebanon, Libya, Madeira Islands, Malta, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands [alien], North Macedonia, Poland [alien], Portugal, Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Saudi Arabia [alien], Serbia, Sicily, Slovenia [n.v.], Spain, Sudan [alien], Sweden [alien], Syria, Tunisia, Turkey and Ukraine [unconfirmed].

World wide distribution (Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture, accessed Mar 2011); World wide distribution (Ecgy and Management of Parasitic Weeds, accessed Mar 2011); distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube 2010); Morocco (Fleurs du Maroc Atlantique, accessed Mar 2011); France distribution (Tela Botanica, accessed Mar 2011); Iberian Peninsula distribution; Bulgarian distribution (Stoyanov 2009: 357, f. 6. "Distribution map of O. crenata").

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Albania / Shqipëri / Shqipëria / Shqipnia (Chater & Webb 1972: 290, "?Al", sub O. crenata)

Northern Albania / Shqipëria Veriore: "Durrës District [41°19'13.7"N 19°30'51.8"E 41.320469, 19.514374, near Rrashbull], 13 May 2020" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/45795097 by Arian in iNaturalist; accessed Apr 2023! [apparently parasitizing Vicia sp.]).

Southern Albania / Shqipëria jugore: "Vlora [Vlorë 40°29'25.4"N 19°25'55.8"E 40.490380, 19.432153], 1 May 2017" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/6041863 by Aleksander Golemaj in iNaturalist; accessed Apr 2023! [apparently parasitizing Vicia sp.]).

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Algeria / الجزائر‎ / Argelia / Algérie / Algerien (Battandier 1890: 662, sub O. speciosa; Ducellier 1923; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Maire 1940: 358, loc. class. of O. crenata f. alba; Maire 1940: 358, loc. class. of O. crenata var. brachysepala; Feliachi & Aouali 2005)

Algiers Province: 1. "Orobanche pruinosa / Alger / leg. Murbey". – 2. "Orobanche speciosa D.C. / Determinavit: Dr. R. Maire / 9.1.[19]24" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu064618 - MPU 064618.jpg - hb. Pomel - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424839848 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/6FB1D16F9A484C27BE0A66868EA199DA; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "prope Algier" (Beck 1890: 228; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "Herbier L. Faurel / Orobanche crenata Forskål (= O. speciosa DC.) / sur Lathyrus hirsutus L. / Terrains marécageux au Terrains marécageus au Gué de Constantine / près d'Alger / 20.6.1931" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04410505 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04410505 - P 04410505.jpg - hb. Faurel - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465124313 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/DC2AE8C1D8814CFA9520398F6DD64E68; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "Université d Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche crenata Forsk. / var. Owerini Beck / sur Dipsacus laciniatus / Alger, Jardin Botanique / 1-5-1937 / ... / ... / Dr. R. Maire" (MPU 064626 - hb. Maire; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017 [O. crenata s. str., non O. owerini Beck]); 1. "Dr. R. Maire - Itinera algerica / 1938 / Orobanche crenata Forsk. / forma alba / Ad radices Pisi sativi prope Alger / planta undique alba / 1-6-[1938]". – 2. "MPU Type Notulae criticae nº 3037 ... Datus: 21.06.2005 / Auct.: T. Madaule ..."  (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu004564 - MPU 004564.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424541447; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2005, syntype [holotype] of O. crenata f. alba (Maire 1940: 358, loc. class. of O. crenata f. alba; Carlón & al. 2008: 113, sub O. crenata); 1. "Dr. R. Maire - Itinera algerica / 1938 / Orobanche crenata Forsk. / var. brachysepala Maire / In hortis urbis Alger, ad radices / Pelargonium / undique violacea / corolla violacea albo-lilacino variegata / 4-3[-1938]". – 2. "MPU Holotype Notulae criticae nº 3037 ... Datus: 19.08.2004 / Auct.: T. Madaule, M. Durand & C. Loup ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu004199 - MPU 004199.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424541084 - http://plants.jstor.org/specimen/mpu004199; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2005, syntype [holotype] of O. crenata var. brachysepala (Maire 1940: 358, loc. class. of O. crenata var. brachysepala; Carlón & al. 2008: 113, sub O. crenata)); "Université d Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche crenata Forsk. / Alger, route de Kaddous, sur Galactites tomentosa / 11-5-1939 / corolla albo-violacea / stigma violaceum / Dr. R. Maire" (MPU 064623 - hb. Maire; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "Dr. R. Maire - Itinera Alerica / 1940 / Orobanche crenata Forsk. / var. Owerini Beck / Ad radices Verbenae bipinnatifidae [Verbena bipinnatifida Nutt. = Glandularia bipinnatifida (Nutt.) Nutt. (Verbenaaceae)] / in urbe Alger / ... / ... / 11-4" (MPU 064625 - hb. Maire; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017 [O. crenata s. str., non O. owerinii Beck]).

Oran Province: "Oran" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "Dr. R. Maire - Itinera Alerica / 1941 / Orobanche crenata var. brachysepala Maire / ad Pelargonium grandiflorum culta / Icosii [Oran] / planta valde / violaceo tincta / 28-2-1941" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu064624 - MPU 064624.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424839852 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/0BEA5A187A5B4C2D9A5FA8BEFFEFD0E6; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2005, holotype of O. crenata var. brachysepala (Carlón & al. 2008: 113-114, sub O. crenata)).

Tipaza Province: "Herbier L. Chevallier Précigné (Sarthe) / Orobanche speciosa DC. / ... / Algerie: Mustapha, villa du / Sahel [Sahel algérois] / 11-4-1893 legi L. Chevallier" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03004153 - P 03004153.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438106413 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/7BC6768B00D24784BAB886828ABCF58B; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023 [on Pelargonium]).

Tizi Ouzou Province: "Tizi Ouzou [36°43'04.9"N 4°06'14.4"E 36.718028, 4.104000], 22 Apr 2021" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/74863552 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/walidnemer in iNaturalist; accessed Apr 2023!).

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Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien / Arménie / Әрмәнстан / Армения [see O. owerinii] (Novopokrovskij & Tzvelev 1958: 98-101[93-94], sub O. crenata, "Caucasus [Caucasus / Caucas / Cáucaso]: All regions, besides Talysh [Talish / Talış]"; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 19; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 77-78 f. 51, sub O. owerinii)

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Austria / Österreich / Autriche [alien] (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata)

Niederösterreich [Lower Austria]: "Nieder-Österreich: auf Pelargonium eingeschleppt bei Unterwaltersdorf [N 47° 57' 0'' E 16° 25' 0''], im Juni 1908 (Rechinger!)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaïdjan [see O. owerinii] (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 141, sub O. owerinii; Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 98-101[93-94], sub O. crenata, "Caucasus [Caucasus / Caucas / Cáucaso]: All regions, besides Talysh [Talish / Talış]"; Chater & Webb 1972: 290, "Az", sub O. crenata; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 77, Caucasus, sub O. owerinii)

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Bulgaria / България / Bulgarie / Bulgarien (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Stoyanov 2009: 357)

Kardzhali District / Област Кърджали: "Mahmutli [Makhmutli / Strandshewo / Strandzhevo / Странджево]" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata)

"New and unpublished data: 1n. Balchik, 60 m, NJ-90, 08.09.2003, coll. K. Stoyanov (SOA 059533); 1s. Arkutino, 10 m, NG-68, 23.05.2005, coll. K. Stoyanov (SOA 059344); 2. Abrit, 206 m, NJ-66, 22.05.1959, coll. D. Delipavlov (SOA 18615, 18616); 5c. Tekiya [Hristo Danovo], 700 m, LH-03, 29.07.1923, coll. D. Jordanov (SO 68491); The species is confirmed for: 18. (Velenovsky 1891; Urumov 1908, 1908b, 1929b; Stoyanov & Stefanov 1925, 1933, 1948; Georgiev 1937; Stojanov & al. 1967; Andreev 1992; Cheschmedzhiev 2003), and indicated for 8. (Urumov 1908); 10. (Andreev 1992; Delipavlov 1995; Cheschmedzhiev 2003, Assyov & al. 2006); 15. (Georgiev 1937; Stojanov & Stefanov 1925, 1933, 1948); 16w. (Urumov 1929b); 19. (Assyov & al. 2006). Distribution. Black Sea Coast (1), Northeast Bulgaria (2), Balkan Range (5c), Rhodopi Mts (17c) and Tracian Lowland (18), up to 2000 m. ... Orobanche crenata is confirmed for 5 regions." (Stoyanov 2009: 357, f. 6. "Distribution map of O. crenata").

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Croatia / Hrvatska Croacia / Kroatien / Croatie (Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa; Beck 1890: 227, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Uhlich & al. 1995: 114, Dalmatien [Dalmatia / Dalmacija / Dalmacia])

Dubrovnik-Neretva: "circa Gravosa [Gruž / St. Croce], Ragusa [Dubrovnik]" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Dalmatien: bei Canosa [Trsteno], Gravosa [Gruž / St. Croce], Ragusa [Dubrovnik], Spalato [Split], auf der Halbinsel Sabioncello [Pelješac / Pelišac / Sabbioncello] bei Orebić (König Friedrich August II. von Sachsen, Beck), Stagno grande, Grušici!" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Istria: "Istr." (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa).

Primorje-Gorski Kotar County: "Orobanche albissima [?] mihi / Fiume Juni [1839], Auf Pisum satio [sativum]: / Ex Herbar: Noè." (http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000759362 - K 000759362.jpg - 400416 - https://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/400416.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "22. Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. / Koch Syn. p. 534 / Fiume, Juni 1839, Auf Pisum sativum. / Dr. Noë" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02977886 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02977886 - P 02977886.jpg - Noë 22 - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438770923 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/CB4EF193E6B240AAA77D71499E36411A; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013 [the central specimen]); "613. Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. / Rchb. pl. crt. VII ic. 911. Novit Fl. germ. / Bei Fiume: Noë" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02977886 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02977886 - P 02977886.jpg - Noë 22 - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438770923 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/CB4EF193E6B240AAA77D71499E36411A; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013 [the right-hand specimen]); "613. Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. / Rchb. pl. crt. VII ic. 911. Novit Fl. germ. / Bei Fiume: Noë // Herb. Al. de Bunge" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419712 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419712 - P 04419712.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464661524 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/2788F725F3CB4140A5B58EA072FB5240; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "Exemplaria hujus speciei a Cl. Noé prope Fiume [Rijeka, Croacia / Croatia] lecta et abaque indicatione plantae nutritiae mihi communicata majora sunt.)" (Schultz 1843: 130, terra class. of Orobanche altisima = Orobanche angustisepala (Beck 1890: 226)); "Fiume [Rijeka, Croacia / Croatia] in Piso Noë! Veglia [Krk / Veglia / Curicta, Kvarner Gulf] et [Cres / Cherso / Kersch / Crepsa / Chèrsos, Kvarner Gulf] Noë fid. De Visiani" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 91, sub O. speciosa).

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Cyprus / Κύπρος / Kýpros / Kıbrıs / Chipre (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata)

Cyprus / Chipre: "Cyprus: Kythraea [Degirmenlik / Değirmenlik / Kitrea / Kitreya / Kythraea, 35° 15' 15 N 33° 28' 60 E, Nicosia], Eitti" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Cypern: ! um Jaffa" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "Near Polis [Poli / Polis Chrysochous / Πόλις Χρυσοχούς, Paphos District]" (http://www.flickr.com/photos/auctus/3563955221 by Auctus, accessed Apr 2011).

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Czech Republic / República Checa / Česká republika [alien] (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Zázvorka 1988; Uhlich & al. 1995: 114; Kreutz 1995: 84; Zázvorka 2000: 513, sub O. crenata; Grenz & Sauerborn 2007, sub O. crenata)

Prague / Hlavní město Praha: "ferner adv. in den Bot. Gärten Praha [Prague / Praga] und Brno" (Uhlich & al. 1995: 114).

South Bohemian Region / Jihočeský kraj: Volynské Predšumaví ("Tažovice [Tazovice] u Strakonic [Strakonice / Strakonitz], na Vicia faba v Zahradě, 1896, s. coll. herb. Veselý, CB)" (Zázvorka 2000: 513, sub O. crenata).

South Moravian / Jihomoravský kraj: "ferner adv. in den Bot. Gärten Praha [Prague / Praga] und Brno" (Uhlich & al. 1995: 114).

Ústí nad Labem / Ústecký kraj: "Böhmen [Bohemia]: auf Vicia faba eingeschleppt bei Laun [Louny] im Jahre 1901 (nach Domin)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Zázvorka 1988 [probably incorrectly identified (Uhlich & al. 1995: 114)]; Zázvorka 2000: 513, "Dále Domin [Allg. Bot. Z. 23(1917): 39, 1919], uvádí tento druh z r. 1901 z okolí Loun [Louny] rovněž na polích s bobem)".

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Egypt / مصر / Egipto / Ägypten (Webb 1845: 156; Reuter 1847: 19, sub O. pruinosa; Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Boulos 2002: 92, sub O. crenata)

Alexandria Governorate: "Herbier L. Kralik // Orobanche pruinosa / Alexandrie" (P 02978282 - hb. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "Alexandria [Αλεξάνδρεια / Al Iskandariyya / Rakotə / Alejandría]" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata).

Aswan Governorate: "Aegyptus inferior ad Abu Sabel [Abu Simbel] (Schweinf. 203!)" (Boissier 1888: 357, sub O. speciosa); "Syene [Aswan / Aswān / Swenet / Συήνη / Syene / Assuan]" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata).

Cairo Governorate: [Al Qāhirah / Cairo, N 30° 3' 45'' E 31° 14' 58'', Egypt] (C 10002697 - hb. Forsskålii N.º 1533 - hb. Vahl; det. F.N. Hepper, 1986, syntype of O. crenata); "Orobanche crenata Forsåk., Fl. Aeg. Arab. p. LXVIII nº. 304 / p. 113 Cent. IV no 45 / Káhira / hodie Orobanche crenata Forsk. / = O. pruinosa Lapeyr.    O. speciosa DC. / teste P. Ascherson 1881" (C 10002699 - hb. Forsskålii N.º 358, syntype of O. crenata; confirmavit. F.N. Hepper, 1986); [Al Qāhirah / Cairo, N 30° 3' 45'' E 31° 14' 58'', Egypt] (C 10002698; det. F.N. Hepper, 1986, syntype of O. crenata); "Káhirae [Al Qāhirah / Cairo, N 30° 3' 45'' E 31° 14' 58'', Egypt]" (Forsskål 1775: 113, terra class. of O. crenata); "Cairo, Heliopolis" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "The type of Orobanche crenata was collected in Cairo, Egypt, Forsskål 358 (C)" (Boulos 2002: 92, sub O. crenata).

Dakahlia Governorate: "Mansura [Mansoura]" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Mansura" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Giza Governorate: Ghmaza el Kobbra - Giza / 17.3.1975 / Leg. S. el-Khanagry (DES 00031515 - http://www.madrean.org/symbflora/collections/individual/index.php?occid=3093784; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2019).

Minya Governorate: 1. "580 / Orobanche pruinosa / flore albo / caule purppureo / ...". – 2. "580 / N.º / Orobanche pruinosa L. / Nilufer zwischen Cairo und Keneh / bei Denderah / 15 May 1864 / auf Faba [Vicia faba L.] / gesammelt von Dr. G. Schweinfurth". – 3. "528 / N.º / Orobanche pruinosa L. / Nilufer zwischen Cairo und Keneh / bei Matahareh oberhalb / Minieh [Al-Minya / Minia / Minieh] / 15 May 1864 / auf Faba [Vicia faba L.] / gesammelt von Dr. G. Schweinfurth" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558996 - G-BOIS 00769022.jpg - n° SIB 436314/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023).

New Valley Governorate: "G. Rohlfs Expedition in die libische Wuste / 1174 Orobanche crenata F. / — pruinosa Lap / Raor Dached [Wadi Dachel / Dachel oasis / Dakhla Oasis, Dachla],  ... auf Vicia / faba / 9.3.1874 leg. P. Ascherson" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558991 - G-BOIS 00769025.jpg - n° SIB 436309/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Lybysche wuste, 9.3.1874, G. Rohlfs 1174 (P)" (Jafri 1978: 21-22, 20 f. 8).

Qena Governorate: 1. "580 / Orobanche pruinosa / flore albo / caule purppureo / ...". – 2. "580 / N.º / Orobanche pruinosa L. / Nilufer zwischen Cairo und Keneh / bei Denderah / 15 May 1864 / auf Faba [Vicia faba L.] / gesammelt von Dr. G. Schweinfurth". – 3. "528 / N.º / Orobanche pruinosa L. / Nilufer zwischen Cairo und Keneh / bei Matahareh oberhalb / Minieh [Al-Minya / Minia / Minieh] / 15 May 1864 / auf Faba [Vicia faba L.] / gesammelt von Dr. G. Schweinfurth" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558996 - G-BOIS 00769022.jpg - n° SIB 436314/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Dendera [Denderah / Tentyra /  Tantere / Iunet]" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Dendera" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Sohag Governorate: "L. Kralik Flore d'Egypte, 1847-1848 // Herb. E. Cosson, 18 / Champs de Faba vulgaris / Girgeh [Girga], Egypte supér / Kr.    2. Mars 1848" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02978286 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02978286 - P 02978286.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439104461 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/F354C3E171244891914C26273338AAD7; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "Champ. Girgeh [Girga], Egypt. supérieure 2. Mars 1848. sur le Vicia Faba. Kralik!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 91, sub O. speciosa; Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Suez Governorate: "Suez [as-Suwais]" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Sues [as-Suwais]" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Other locations: "Herb. Mus. Paris. / Orobanche pruinosa Lap. / Egypte / M. Aucher-Eloy. 1837" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02978291 - P 02978291.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439104459 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/C4074B05ADFF4395B04EAA66CB2B2505; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "Orobanche pruinosa Lapyr. / ex Reut. / Aegyptus media ... 1846" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558983 - G-BOIS 00769014.jpg - n° SIB 436301/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Aegypto (Delile, Montbret!)" (Webb 1845: 156); "Aegypto inferiore (Kotschy!)" (Reuter 1847: 19, sub O. pruinosa); "Aegyptus: frequenter, Alexandria, ad canal. Mahmudie, Syene, Cairo, Heliopolis, Suez, Girgeh, Bibeh, Minteh, Dendera, Matahareh, Mingeh, Mansura etc." (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Ägypten: ! um Alexandria, am Mahmudie-Canal, bei Syene, Cairo, Gise, Heliopolis, Mansura, Sues, Fostat, Girgeh, Bibeh, Minteh, Dendera, Matahareh, Mingeh etc." (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

"N [Nile region], M [Mediterranean coastal strip], De [Desert east of the Nile], S [Sinai peninsula]" (Boulos 2002: 92).

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England / Inglaterra / Angleterre [United Kingdom] [alien] (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Rumsey & Jury 1991: 273-274, 293 f. 19 "Distribution", sub O. crenata; Clement & Foster 1994: 283)

East of England: "Cambs [Cambridgeshire]" (Clement & Foster 1994: 283).

London: "in a bean field near Charlton, Glos. in 1845 ... Upminster/Cranham area of S. Essex ... 1950 ... 1951" (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 273, sub O. crenata); "Cranham ... nearby Upminster" (Clement & Foster 1994: 283); "Naturalized and casual in 1 part of South Essex since 1950, still there in 1994" (Stace & al. 2005, sub O. crenata).

South East England: "on a Pelargonium in a garden in Cholsey, Berks [Berkshire]" (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 273, sub O. crenata).

South West England: "England bei Bridgewater im Jahre 1860 (nach Sowerby)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "amongst peas in a Bridgewater, Somerset garden in 1860 ... St Philips Marsh, Bristol in 1905" (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 273, sub O. crenata).

South West England "on peas near Stroud [Gloucestershire] in 1863" (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 273, sub O. crenata).

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Estonia / Estland / Eesti [alien] (Tzvelev 1981[2001]: 455, "Baltic (ecdemic in southeast of Estonia)"; Uhlich & al. 1995: 114 "adv. [adventive] im SO"; Kreutz 1995: 84, alien; Vilma Kuusk & al. 1996; eElurikkus, accessed Apr 2023)

Voru County: "In Garten auf / Vicia Faba ... / Werro [Võru / Võro] / Rigasche str nr. 49 / VII.1903 / O. crenata Forsk. / Orobanche speciosa / ... / Herb. Horti bot. Dorpatensis" (https://elurikkus.ee/generic-hub/occurrences/8d5b2aed-ab6d-45b8-a330-f4b91e7fa149 - TU301917 - TU(B) 749557 - https://elurikkus.ee/biocache-media/dr16/22909/8d5b2aed-ab6d-45b8-a330-f4b91e7fa149/11D...D0A4E9DDA8CB3.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Herb. horti bot. Dorpatensis / O. crenata Forsk. / Orobanche speciosa DC. / Auf Bohnen [Vicia faba L.] in Garten, Werro [Võru / Võro] / 1903. leg. H. Hiir" (https://elurikkus.ee/generic-hub/occurrences/e31e7320-e3fb-4a96-9904-7d7a520d7ffd - TU 301918 - TU(B) 749558 - https://elurikkus.ee/biocache-media/dr16/30707/e31e7320-e3fb-4a96-9904-7d7a520d7ffd/A7A...C994CECE39.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023).

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Ethiopia / Etiopía / Äthiopien / Abisinia [alien] (Reda 2006: 3, sub O. crenata)

Amhara Region: "Initial infestation of Orobanche crenata was first reported in the late 1980s from a remote locality of south Wello region [Welo Kifle Hāger / Wollo Oromo / Lakomelza] in northern Ethiopia ... Kedijo [South Wello] and Kutaber [Debub Wollo Zone] ... Faba bean and field pea [Pisum sativum L. (= Lathyrus oleraceus Lam.)] were the two most susceptible hosts but the host range appeared to expand rapidly. After some time grass pea (Lathyrus sativus), lentil [Lens culinaris Medik.] and chickpea [Cicer arietinum L.] succumbed to the pest ... Unconfirmed reports suggest that the infestation already affects many thousand hectares and that the weed was spotted further afield in ... Gonder [Gondar, Semien Gondar Zone] and north Shewa [Semien Shewa Zone], approximately in a 300 km radius from its origin" (Reda 2006: 3, sub O. crenata).

Tigray Region: "south Tigray" (Reda 2006: 3, sub O. crenata).

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Finland / Suomi / Finlande / Finlandia / Финляндия [alien] (Uotila 1990, sub O. crenata; Grenz & Sauerborn 2007, sub O. crenata)

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France / Francia / Frankreich (Vaucher 1827: 52, sub Orobanche de la fêve Vaucher; Grenier 1853: 631, sub O. speciosa; Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa; Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa; Beck 1890: 227, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Uhlich & al. 1995: 114; Tela Botanica, distribution, accessed Mar 2011)

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Drôme / Droma (26): "26" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 286).

Corse / Corsica / Córcega (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa; Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa; Beck 1890: 227, sub O. crenata; Béguinot 1902: 480; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Pignatti 1982: 611; Habashi & Jeanmonod 2008: 32-36).

Corse-du-Sud (2A): "Corse, Bonifacio et mont Centu (Gay herb.)" (Mutel 1835: 350, sub O. de la Fève).

Haute-Corse (2B): "O. Debeaux. Plantes de Corse. nº 218 / Orobanche speciosa DC. / Orobanche pruinosa Lap. / Bastia - Champs... / Sur le Pisum sativum / 6 mai 1867 O. Debeaux" (CLF 210023; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "Corse, Bastia! (Salle)" (Grenier 1853: 631, sub O. speciosa); "Bastia" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "! bei Bastia" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "... Cap Corse ... San-Martino-di-Lota ... Miomo ... Marine de Miomo ... Lavasina ... Pietranera et Miomo ... S. Martino-di-Lota-Pietranera ... Cardo ... Bastia ... Bastia et Luri ... Bastia ... N193 et Furiani ... Lozari ... Biguglia..." (Habashi & Jeanmonod, 2008: 36, 111 planche 1a [yellow stigma!], 113 planche 3a [yellow stigma!], 114 planche 4 [yellow stigma!]).

Languedoc-Roussillon (Reichenbach 1829: 40)

Hérault (34): Port-Vendres! (Gren.) (Grenier 1853: 631, sub O. speciosa).

Pyrénées-Orientales / Eastern Pyrenees / Pirineus Orientals / Pirenèus Orientals / Pirineos Orientales (66): "... Roussillon ..." (Bentham 1826: 109, sub O. pruinosa); "in Pyrenaeis orientalibus Fabae parasitica" (Duby 1828: 349, sub O. pruinosa); "Hist. 911. in Pyrenaeis orientalibus [Prats-de-Mollo-la-Preste / Prats de Molló i la Presta] leg. cl. Xâtard, ex herb. cl. Wallr." (Reichenbach 1829: 40, terra class. of Orobanche pruinosa); "in regione pyrenaica Fabae sativae inhaerens" (Reichenbach 1829: 40, sub O. pruinosa); "Pyr. O., Roussillon ...; entre Arles et Prats de Mollo (Endress, Maille)" (Mutel 1835: 350, sub O. de la Fève); "Orobanche pruinosa / Lapeyr. / Pyrén. Orient -- Prats de / Mollo, au Xatard. / juillet 1847 / M. Sarrat" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419710 - P 04419710.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/3/P04419710.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465125324 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/86629D09BB564E5DAD16C6B95B3FFC92; terra class. of O. pruinosa; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013 [the sheet contains four specimens, one of them is very bad preserved and it doesn't seems to correspond to O. crenata (the second specimen at the right-hand of the sheet)]); "Galliâ austro-occidentali" (Reuter 1847: 19, sub O. pruinosa); "Prats-de-Mollo [Prats-de-Mollo-la-Preste / Prats de Molló i la Presta]! (Lap.)" (Grenier 1853: 631, sub O. speciosa; Nyman, 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa); "Prads de Mollo [Prats-de-Mollo-la-Preste / Prats de Molló i la Presta] Xatard!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 91, sub O. speciosa); "Herbarium Richard / Orobanche pruinosa / ... champ de lentlles près de La Preste (Pyr. ori) / Clout 1890" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419732 - P 04419732.jpg - hb. Drake - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465050254 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/277DA932BAB645BB94DCB94DAF469345; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "Herbarium Richard / Orobanche pruinosa / hab. environs de Prats-de-Mollo / Sur les racines du faba sativa. / ... / A. Massat[?]..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419727 - P 04419727.jpg - hb. Drake - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464979189 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/FB7AB68EB99443B6BCA48E5F2A70429C; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "Prats de Mollo" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Legi prope Prats de Mollo à la Materie Xatart, unde primum ad La-Peyrouse missam, die 22. Jun. 1840. Habui item ex Prats de Mollo a Massot" (Bubani 1897: 252, sub O. speciosa); "Herbier L. Conill / ... / Orobanche speciosa DC./ Sur Pisum sativum / Jardins a Collioure (O.O.) / Juni 1903" (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2816701 - https://medialib.naturalis.nl/file/id/L.2816701/format/large - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2516595486; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "! Dep. Pyrénées orientales: eingeschleppt in einen Garten von Prats de Mollo (Petit)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "del Solsonès al Rosselló i a l'Alt Empordà" (Bolòs & Vigo 1996: 509).

Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Charente-Maritime (17): "Ch. d'Alleizette / Orobanche / ... Île de Ré  9 Mai 1959" (CLF 170297; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2018).

Dordogne (24): "... Agenois..." (Mutel 1835: 350, sub O. de la Fève).

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur

Bouches-du-Rhône (13): "Gallia: Tarrascon [Tarascon / Tarascon-sur-Rhône] Thuillier 1802!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 91, sub O. speciosa); "Tarascon" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Bouches-du-Rhone: bei Tarascon [Tarascon-sur-Rhône]" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "Orobanche crenata Forsk. — Noté récemment à Marignane (Pavon et al. 2003), non revu dans cette même station en 2007. Vu aussi à Gardanne sur les bords de la Luynes, en 2007, par G. Léotard." (Crouzet, Pavon & Michaud 2009: 60).

Var (83): 1. "Orobanche / Toulon / Dufour / 1801". – 2. "O. speciosa DC.!". – 3. "Orobanche speciosa DC.". – 4. "Orobanche crenata Forssk. / Jeanmonod, D. determ. anno 2007". – 5. "Holotypus / Orobanche speciosa / DC. [«Holotypus: France. Var.: Toulon, 1801, Dufour s.n. (G nº G00139524) (fig. 7)» (Jeanmonod 2007: 196, f. 7)]" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=120014 - G-DC 00139524.jpg - n° SIB 131343/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "cette orobanche m'a été communiquée par M. Dufour, qui l'a trouvée aux environs de Toulon [Var Department] ... Holotypus: France. Var.: Toulon, 1801, Dufour s.n. (G nº G 00139524) (fig. 7)" (Jeanmonod 2007: 196, f. 7, terra class. of O. speciosa); "Environs de Toulon (De Pouzzolz)" (Mutel 1835: 350, sub O. alba); "Galliâ australi circa Tolonem [Toulon] (Dufour)" (Reuter 1847: 19, sub O. speciosa); "Toulon, Îles d'Hières" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Var: bei Toulon; Iles d'Hyères" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "E. Bourgeau, Env. de Toulon. n.º ... / Orobanche pruinosa, Lap. / stigma violaceo / Parasite sur le Vicia sativa et le Lathyrus bythinicus / Fort rouge. / 29 mai, 1848." (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419719 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419719 - P 04419719.jpg - hb. Cosson - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465190314 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/F59A899581FA4B379BE7EBEEAAFB5DAF; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "Toulon [Tolon]! (Robert.)" (Grenier 1853: 631, sub O. speciosa; Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa); "Gallia: ... Toulon Jun. 1838. Sonder! Toulon Avril 1858 Reuter" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 91, sub O. speciosa).

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Georgia / Sakartvelo / Georgien / Géorgie / Грузия [see O. owerinii] (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata; Beck 1890: 227, loc. class. of O. owerinii; Beck 1922: 39, loc. class. of O. owerinii; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 141, sub O. owerinii; Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 98-101[93-94], sub O. crenata, "Caucasus [Caucasus / Caucas / Cáucaso]: All regions, besides Talysh [Talish / Talış]"; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 77, Caucasus, sub O. owerinii)

Abjasia [Aphsny / Apjazeti / Abjazia / Абхазия] [see O. owerinii].

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Germany / Deutschland / Alemania / Allemagne [alien] (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa; Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa; Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Pusch 2009: 39, sub O. crenata; Grenz & Sauerborn 2007, sub O. crenata)

North Rhine-Westphalia / Renania del Norte-Westphalia

Cologne / Colonia: "Ad radices Trifolii medii [Trifolium medium L.] prope Bonn Germaniae" (Reuter 1847: 24, terra class. of O. Klugei); "Ex Herb. C. Scheppig, Berlin / Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. / Keimlinge auf / Vicia Faba / In horto colui / leg. C. Scheppig / 1886" (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/AMD.84175 - AMD 84175.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2019); "Quasi sponte reperta est in horto botanico Berolinensi (Link in herb. Berol.), prope Bonn Germaniae (O. Klugei)" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Eingeschleppt in Deutschland (Berliner botan. Garten [n. Link]), Bonn (O. Klugei)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Saxony / Sajonia

Dresden / Drede: "Orobanche crenata, Botanical Garten Dresden / Saxony (Germany), 16.07.2008, on faba bean" (photo by Holger Uhlich, accessed Apr 2011).

Thuringia

Erfurt: "Erfurt, im Garten auf Vicia faba kultiviert (Foto: J. Push 22.07.1992" (Pusch 2009: 39, sub O. crenata).

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Gibraltar [British Overseas Territory] (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata)

"Gibraltar (Wolley-Dod)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "Naval Hospital Road [36°07'24.1"N 5°21'03.6"W 36.123347, -5.350992], Gibraltar, 22 May 2022" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/118232468 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3802273131 by Kian Khalilian in iNaturalist; accessed Apr 2023! [apparently parasitizing Tropaeolum majus L. (Tropaeolaceae)]).

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Greece / Grecia / Ελλάδα / Hellas (Bory & Chaubard 1832: 178, loc. class. of O. grandiflora; Schultz 1843: 129, loc. class. of O. segetum; Reuter 1847: 19, sub O. pruinosa; Boissier 1888: 357, sub O. speciosa; Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Uhlich & al. 1995: 114)

Attica / Αττική / Attikí

Attica / Αττική / Attikí: "De Heldreich ... Florae Hellenicae. / Orobanche pruinosa Lap. / Flora Attica in Vicia Faba / 10 Mai 1878" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419712 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419712 - P 04419712.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464661524 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/2788F725F3CB4140A5B58EA072FB5240; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "Orobanche grandiflora Bory & Chaub. / pruinosa Lapeyr. / in radicibus Ervi Lentis [Lens culinaris Medik.] / frecuentissima !! / in Agro Argalico [Argolis / Αργολίδα] et Attico [Attica / Αττική] / Sartori" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558982 - G-BOIS 00769013 - n° SIB 436300/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Attica (Sartori!)" (Boissier 1888: 357, sub O. speciosa); "Orobanche elatior ... / ... / auf Vicia in ... Attica" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419710 - P 04419710.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/27/3/P04419710.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465125324 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/86629D09BB564E5DAD16C6B95B3FFC92; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013 [the sheet contains four specimens, one of them is very bad preserved and it doesn't seems to correspond to O. crenata (the second specimen at the right-hand of the sheet)]); "Flora selecta exsiccata / Publié par Ch. Magnier / 3328.— Orobanche speciosa DC. ... / / O. pruinosa ... O. grandiflora ... / Attique: lieux cultivés, parasite sur les racines du Vicia / Faba L. / 9 mai 1892. Dr. Th. de Heldreich" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419698 - P 04419698.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465125320 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A7EC28AAF9CC4949B93C97C6E544123A; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013).

Central Athens / Περιφερειακή ενότητα Κεντρικού Τομέα Αθηνών: "In Orabo digitato [Orobus digitatus M.Bieb. (Lathyrus digitatus (M.Bieb.) Fiori)] in Hymetto [Hymettus / Hymettos / Υμηττός / Trellos / Trellovouno, mountain range in the Athens area, East Central Greece] legit Cl. Fraas." (Schultz 1843: 130, loc. class. of O. angustisepala O. crenata var. typica f. angustisepala (Beck 1890: 226)); "Attica (Athenae, mt. Pentelikon [Penteli Mt / Pendeli] etc.)" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata).

Central Greece / Στερεά Ελλάδα / Stereá Elláda / Chérsos Ellás

Boeotia / Beotia / Bœotia / Βοιωτία: "Boeotia" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata).

Central Macedonia / Περιφέρεια Κεντρικής Μακεδονίας / Periféria Kentrikís Makedonías

Chalkidiki / Χαλκιδική / Halkidiki / Chalcidice: "In peninsula Hajion-Oros [Mount Athos / Άγιον Όρος / Agion Oros / Hagion Oros]: in castanetis umbrosis pr. Karaes [Karyes] alt. 2000' non raro (verosimiliter paras. in Hedera [apparently the host-plant was mistaken])!" (Grisebach 1844: 56, sub O. pruinosa); "penins. Athûs [Mount Athos / Όρος Άθως / Oros Athos]" (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa).

Crete / Κρήτη / Kriti / Creta / Crète (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa; Reichenbach f. 1862: 91, sub O. speciosa; Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa; Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Foley 2001: 51, 242 photo 11)

Chania / Περιφερειακή ενότητα Χανίων: 1. "1386. / Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. / grandi / flora Bory et Chaub. ? [O. grandiflora Bory & Chaub.] / corollis albis maximi / ad radices Leguminosarar. praecipae / in campis Ervi Erviliae [Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd. (≡ Ervum ervilia L.)] / copiose prope Loutro (Sphakia [Sfakia / Σφακιά]) / 5 Aprili 1845". – 2. "Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. / Creta ad radices leguminosarum / propé Loutro Sphakia [Sfakia / Σφακιά] / d. Heldreich / Aprili 1846 [m. Boissier]" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558977 - G-BOIS 00769039.jpg - n° SIB 436295/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Orient.: ad radices Fabae in insulae Cretae provincia Sphakia [Sfakia / Σφακιά] 5 Aprili 1846. v. Heldreich!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 91, sub O. speciosa); "Elisée Reverchon. — Plantes de Crète / 1884 / nº 259 / Orobanche speciosa D. C. / Var. parviflora Nobis. / Kissamos, sur les Fèves. / 3 mai." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04405512 - P 04405512.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465204488 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/C900E2EC4CB648F3950EC1E47ECE8C05; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016, type of O. speciosa var. parviflora); "Creta: Sphakia [Sfakiá / Σφακιά is a mountainous area in the southwestern part of the island]" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Creta: ! bei Sphakia, Kissamos (Reverchon)" (Beck 1930: 138, 140, loc. class. of O. speciosa var. parviflora E. Rev., Pl. Crete: n. 259 (1884) ["Exsiccatae"]).

Ionian Islands / Ιόνια νησιά / islas Jónicas

Kerkyra / Κέρκυρα / Corfu / Corcyra / Corfù / Corfú [Ionian Islands]: "insulis Corcyra" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Corfu (Kerkyra)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "Insel Korfu bei Akharavi, NW-Griechenland, 16 Mai 1993" (Uhlich & al. 1995: 109 Abb. 110); "Griechenland, Insel Korfu, Akharavi, 8. Mai 1993" (Uhlich & al. 1995: 163 Abb. 134); "AY209266: Greece, Ionian Islands, island Kérkira, coastal plains E of Lefkímmi, 1-5 m, W. Gutermann (Herb. Gutermann 34899)" (Carlón & al. 2005: 64, sub O. crenata).

Lefkada / Λευκάδα / Lefkas: "AY209267: Greece, Ionian Islands, island Lefkáda, "Gialós Paralía" WNW below Atháni, 0-10 m, on Trifolium subterraneum (Fabaceae), W. Gutermann (Herb. Gutermann 34176)" (Carlón & al. 2005: 64, sub O. crenata).

Zakynthos / Ζάκυνθος / Zante: "181 / O. pruinosa / Zante Margot" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558981 - G-BOIS 00769041 - n° SIB 436299/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "insulâ Zacyntho (Margot!)" (Reuter 1847: 19, sub O. pruinosa; Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa; Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa).

Islands / Περιφερειακή ενότητα Νήσων

Aegina / Αίγινα [Saronic Islands]: "Aegina" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata).

North Aegean / Περιφέρεια Βορείου Αιγαίου

Chios / Χίος / Khíos / Híos: "Khios [North Aegean], Kampochora, 25 m, Platt 75(!)" (Gilli 1982: 14); "Chios (Greece), mountains above Vrontados" (photos by Maarten Sepp, accessed Mar 2011); "Orobanche alba (Thijmbremraap) - near Volissos, Chios, Greece" (photo by Maarten Sepp, accessed Jan 2013).

Ikaria / Icaria / Ικαρία: "Ikaria, Runem. & Snog. 6782!" (Gilli 1982: 14).

Lesbos / Λέσβος / Lesvos / Mytilini: "Lesvos, 2 km N. of Mithimna, 50 m, Edmondson & McClintock 2582(!)" (Gilli 1982: 14).

Samos / Σάμος: "Samos, Runem. & Snog. 18799!!" (Gilli 1982: 14).

Peloponnese / Peloponnesos / Peloponnesus / Πελοπόννησος / Peloponeso / Morea (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa; Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa)

Argolis / Argolida / the Argolid / Αργολίδα: "In Hordeo vulgari sativo ad Naupliam [Nafplion / Nauplia / Navplion / Ναύπλιο] legit Cl. Spruner" (Schultz 1843: 129, loc. class. of O. segetum); "Orobanche grandiflora Bory & Chaub. / pruinosa Lapeyr. / in radicibus Ervi Lentis [Lens culinaris Medik.] / frecuentissima !! / in Agro Argalico [Argolis / Αργολίδα] et Attico [Attica / Αττική] / Sartori" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558982 - G-BOIS 00769013.jpg - n° SIB 436300/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Argolis [Αργολίδα] (Nauplia, Methana, Korinth etc.)" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Navplion" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Corinthia / Κορινθία: "125. Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. / in Erv. Ervil [Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd.] prope Corinthum [Corinth / Κόρινθος] / Mai 1837 / Sartori" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558978 - G-BOIS 00769040 - n° SIB 436296/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Korinth [Corinth / Κόρινθος]" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata).

Messenia / Μεσσηνία: "Orobanche grandiflora Bory et Chaub. / Itodon [Ithome?] / Mr. Lenormand 1844 [?]" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558974 - G-BOIS 00769036.jpg - n° SIB 436292/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Fl. jaunâtres, P. Parasite sur la racine du Vicia sativa; recueillie sur la côte orientale de Messénie, jusques sur les pentes herbeuses de l'Ithome [Ithome /Ἰθώμη / Ithomi / Vourkano(s) / Βουρκάνο(ς) / Voulcano(s) / Βουλκάνο, near Valyra / Βαλύρα]" (Bory & Chaubard 1832: 178, loc. class. of O. grandiflora); "Griechenland, Peloponnes b. Dorion Malthi [Messenia], 17. Apr. 1988" (Uhlich & al. 1995: 163 Abb. 133).

"Orobanche crenata (094095), South Peloponnese Lowlands", 2006 (photos by Klaas Kamstra in Greek Mountain Flora, accessed Mar 2011).

South Aegean / Περιφέρεια Νοτίου Αιγαίου

Kalymnos / Κάλυμνος [Dodecanese]: Kalymnos, bei Damos (Forsyth!)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Karpathos / Κάρπαθος [Dodecanese]: "Plantae a Th. Pichler in insula Karpatos et Lycia, / auspice W. Barbey, lectae. / 14 Aprili 1883 / Orobanche / Pigadia, inter Pisa [Pisum] oculta / 513" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558990 - G-BOIS 00769015.jpg - n° SIB 436308/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Karpathos (Pichler 571!)" (Boissier 1888: 357, sub O. speciosa); "Auf den Inseln Karpathos: um Pegadia [Pigadia / Karpathos] (Th. Pichler!)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Kea / Κέα / Gia / Tzia / Τζια / Keos: "Keos" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata).

Kos / Cos / Κως: "Kos, Kardamena, s.l., D. 40492!" (Gilli 1982: 14).

Paros / Πάρος / Paro: "Flora Aegea. / curavit I. Dörfler. / Nº  / Orobanche speciosa DC. / Insula Paros. Prope Levkae [Lefkes / Λεύκες]. / 5.V.1898. / leg. Chr. Leonis" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419718 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419718 - P 04419718.jpg - hb. Drake - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464897659 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/3BA01579ED6F40F7ADA11C3ABA6FED56; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "BIO 14477 / SOCIÉTÉ POUR L'ÉCHANGE DES PLANTES VASCULAIRES / DE L'EUROPE ET DU BASSIN MÉDITERRANÉEN / Fascicule 24 (1990-1991) - Edit J. Lambinon (LG), 1993 - / nº 15547 / Orobanche crenata Forssk. / 1 km N of Lefkes (Greece, Nomos Kikladhon, Eparchia / Parou, island of Paros), 37º04’N 25º 13 E’, alt. 200 m, / herbaceous undergrowth of Olea europaea orchards, obviously parasiting on different host plants (Lathyrus div. sp., Vicia div. sp., Tragopogon sinuatus), April / 26th, 1991. / Leg. Th. Raus & Ch. Schiers n.º 16284 / Det. Th. Raus." // Revisión para «Orobanchaceae - Paleártico» / Orobanche crenata Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 113 (1775) / Det.-rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 22.09.2006 [the host-plant (Tragopogon sp.) is probably a mistake. Photo: DSCN1842]; "Отцветающее соцветие. Греция, Эгейское море, о. Парос, окр. г. Лефкес [Lefkes / Λεύκες, 37°03'49.8"N 25°12'32.7"E 37.063835, 25.209072], Византийская тропа; залежь рядом с туристической пешеходной дорогой. 19.04.2018" (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/585902.html by Наталия Панкова [Natalia Pankova] 2018 in Plantarium 25912, accessed Apr 2023).

Rhodes / Ρόδος / Ródos / Rodas: "Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. / var. fl. minoribus / Filierimo [Filerimos / Φιλέρημος] Rhodes / 20 mai 1870 / Bourgeau" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=559005 - G-BOIS 00769158.jpg - n° SIB 436323/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Rhodus (Bourg.!)" (Boissier 1888: 357, sub O. speciosa); "Rodhos, nr. Lindos, Brenan 11019 (!)" (Gilli 1982: 14).

Syros / Σύρος / Siros / Syra [Cyclades]: "Syros" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata).

Tinos / Τήνος / Tine [Cyclades]: "Tinos" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata).

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India / Indien / Индия / 印度 [alien] (Holm & al. 1979; Akhter & al. 2020, sub O. crenata)

Madhya Pradesh: "Crenata broomrape was observed on pigeon pea plants grown in Satna district of Madhya Pradesh in central India during the survey conducted in 2017" (Akhter & al. 2020, sub O. crenata).

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Iran / Irán / Иран [Persia] (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 19, sub O. crenata; Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 214; Gilli 1979: 299-300; Jafri 1978: 22; Saeidi Mehrvarz & al. 2010: 108, sub O. owerinii)

Gilan: "Gilan: W. Astara, 500 m, Rech. 39905 p.p. [https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/1831525765 - W]" (Gilli 1979: 299, sub f. angustisepala); "Gilan: Heyran inter Astara et Ardabil, 125-500 m, Lamond 3033, Rech. 39905 p.p., Iranshahr & Lamond 13841-E (Gilli 1979: 300, sub f. crenata).

Māzandarān: "N: Maz.: Kandavan [Kandovan / Kandovān], Pol-e Zanguleh, 2300 m, Gauba 1668, 1671!, 1673! In valle Haraz: emarat, 500 m, Wdb. 477-b!. Siabisheh, 500 m, Wdb. 397!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 19, sub O. crenata); "Maz.: Mazandaran, Pag 13875-E" (Gilli 1979: 299, sub f. sylvestris).

West Azerbaijan Province: "Azerbaijan: East of Bazargan [Maku County], 1830 m, Forseh & Sireng 31730, (IRAN)!.- Fig. 1.!" (Saeidi Mehrvarz & al. 2010: 108, sub Orobanche owerinii).

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Iraq / Irak / Ирак [unconfirmed, see Orobanche owerinii] (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 19, sub O. crenata; Jafri 1978: 22)

Kurdistaniä Assyriaca / Iraqi Kurdistan: "Kurd.: Chia-i Mandali, 2400 m [!], Guest 2718! 12 km SW Sulaymaniyah, 1300 m, Stutz!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 19, sub O. crenata).

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Israel and the Palestinian territories [Palestine / Palestina] (Nábĕlek 1926: 38, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 213-214; Goldwasser & al. 2003; photos 185 by Dr. Reuven Jacobsohn in Forestry Images [UGA 0686007]; O. crenata in Flowers of Israel, accessed Apr 2011; Dor & al. 2014: 859, sub O. crenata)

Beit She'an valley: "Sde Eliyahu" (Goldwasser & al. 2003: 296, t. 1).

Northern District [Golan Heights]: "732 Dr. Fr. Nábělek, Iter turcico-persicum 1909-10 / Orobanche crenata Forsk. ( = O. speciosa DC.) / ... / 26.IV.1909. / Loc. Palestina bor.: Bânias / (Cesarea de Philippi), ad Viciam / erviliam / det.-leg. VIII.1914. Dr. Fr. Nábělek" (http://ibot.sav.sk/herbarium/object/SAV0003255 - SAV 0003255.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "736 Dr. Fr. Nábělek, Iter turcico-persicum 1909-10 / Orobanche crenata Forsk. / = O. speciosa DC. / ... / 26.IV.1909. / Loc. Gallilaea: ad Tell Kades / infra Safed; ad Viciam fabam / det.-leg. VIII.1914. Dr. Fr. Nábělek" (http://ibot.sav.sk/herbarium/object/SAV0003259 - SAV 0003259.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "Galilaea: ad Tell Kades infra oppidum Safed, ad Viciam fabam, alt. ca. 200 m. 25.IV.1909 (No. 736); ad pagum Bânias (Caesarea Philippi), ad Viciam Erviliam, alt. ca. 300 m. 26.IV.1909 (No. 732)" (Nábĕlek 1926: 38, sub O. crenata); "Evron" (Dor & al. 2014: 859, sub O. crenata); "Acre Old City [32°55'25.0"N 35°04'21.6"E 32.923603, 35.072674], 3 Apr 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/153357217 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4076109730 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/centaur in iNaturalist; accessed Apr 2023! [apparently parasitizing Pelargonium sp. (Geraniaceae)]).

Haifa District: "bei Caiffa [Caiffa / Haifa / Hajfa] (B.T. Lowne)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "In March 2013, heavy broomrape infection of a 10-year-old pomegranate orchard near the village Kfar Pines was reported ... Giv'at Ada [Binyamina-Giv'at Ada] ..." (Dor & al. 2014: 859, sub O. crenata).

Southern District: 1. "Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr! / Plaine de Amalites [see Amalécites] / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846 E. Boissier [m. Boissier]". – 2. "Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846 E. Boissier" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558984 - G-BOIS 00769017 - n° SIB 436302/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); 1. "Orobanche / Palaestina, Apr.-Mai 1846 E. Boissier [m. Boissier] / ..." (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558985 - G-BOIS 00769018 - n° SIB 436303/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023 [on Daucus?]).

Tel Aviv District: "Аспект цветущей заразихи, паразитирующей в основном на Oenothera drummondii, на газоне у автостоянки на берегу моря. Израиль, Большой Тель-Авив, г. Рамат-Авив [Ramat Aviv, 32°07'24.0"N 34°47'03.0"E 32.123333, 34.784167]. 25.03.2008" (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/83700.html by Денис Мирин [Denis Mirin] 2011 in Plantarium 25912, accessed Apr 2023); "Цветущее растение. Паразитирует на Crithmum maritimum. Израиль, Большой Тель-Авив, г. Рамат-Авив [Ramat Aviv, 32°07'24.0"N 34°47'03.0"E 32.123333, 34.784167], газон у автостоянки на берегу моря. 25.03.2008" (https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/83698.html and https://www.plantarium.ru/page/image/id/83699.html by Денис Мирин [Denis Mirin] 2011 in Plantarium 25912, accessed Apr 2023).

West Bank

"Plantae Palestinae / Maris Mortui / Orobanche speciosa DC. / In hortis / Jericho / 250 m / 17 mar. 1903 / Nº 536 / let. et determ. J.E. Dinsmore / The americam colony, Jerusalem" (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817594 - L 2817594.jpg - https://www.europeana.eu/es/item/11651/_Botany_L_2817594; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2021 [O. palaestina on Cirsium phyllocephalum Boiss. & Blanche ?]); "735 Dr. Fr. Nábělek, Iter turcico-persicum 1909-10 / Orobanche crenata Forsk. (= O. speciosa DC.) / flores albi violaceo, stigma pallide violaceum / 15.IV.1909. / Loc. Moab: Wâdi Geria inter / Jericho et Arak el-Emîr / Ad Ammi maius L. / det.-leg. VIII.1914. Dr. Fr. Nábělek" (http://ibot.sav.sk/herbarium/object/SAV0003258 - SAV 0003258.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2019); "733 Dr. Fr. Nábělek, Iter turcico-persicum 1909-10 / Orobanche crenata Forsk. / flores alba, stigma roseum / 15.IV.1909. / Loc. El-Rôr prope / Jericho / ad Ammi maius / det.-leg. Dr. Fr. Nábělek" (http://ibot.sav.sk/herbarium/object/SAV0003256 - SAV 0003256.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja  Jun 2019); "El-Rôr prope Jericho, ad Ammi maius, alt. ca. -350 m. 15.IV.1909 (No. 733). Wâdi Geria inter Jericho et Arak el-Emir, ad Ammi maius, alt. ca. 250 m. 15.IV.1909 (No. 735)" (Nábĕlek 1926: 38, sub O. crenata).

Other locations: Common and often abundant. Sharon Plain; Upper and Lower Galilee, Mt. Carmel, Esdraelon plain, Mt. Gilboa, Samaria, Shefela, Judean Mts., Judean Desert; Dan Valley, Hula Plain, Upper and Lower Jordan Valley; Golan" (Feinbrun-Dothan 1978: 214); "with host (Daucus carota) Doshen [Hazafon], Jordan (IL) 4-4-1992" (Kreutz 1995: 87 photo 1!); "Kibbutz Sde-Eliyahu (UGA 0686002, UGA 0686007) ... Kibbutz Shluchot. Bet Shean Valley" (UGA 0686016)" (photos 185 by Dr. Reuven Jacobsohn in Forestry Images, accessed Apr 2011); "Golan, Gallilee, Upper Jordan valley, Northern valleys, Gilboa, Carmel, Samarian mountains, Judean mountains, Judean desert and Dead Sea valley, Sharon, Shefela, Valley" (photos 701 by Sara Gold in Wild Flowers of Israel, accessed Apr 2011); Sharon Plain, Apolonia (photos by Ron Gill in Flora of Israel Online, accessed Apr 2011).

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Italy / Italia / Italien / Italie (Vaucher 1827: 52, loc. class. of Orobanche de la fêve Vaucher; Reuter 1847: 19, sub O. pruinosa; Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa; Caldesi 1880: 175, loc. class. of O. pelargonii; Nyman 1881: 558, loc. class. of O. speciosa subsp. gussonii; Beck 1890: 227-228, sub O. crenata; Arcangeli 1894: 413, loc. class. of O. speciosa var. pelargonii; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Pignatti 1982: 611; Acta plantarum, accessed Apr 2011; luirig.altervista.org, accessed Apr 2011)

Abruzzo (Pignatti 1982: 611)

L'Aquila (AQ): "in den Abruzzen bei Assergia [Assergi / L'Aquila] (G. Rigo als O. Erviliae!)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Apulia / Puglia Puglia (Béguinot 1902: 480; Pignatti 1982: 611)

Foggia (FG): "Ital.: ... Gargano Rabenhorst!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 91, sub O. speciosa); "Monte Gargano" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "auf dem Mte. Gargano" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "Manfredonia, Apr 22, 2006" (photo by Luigi Rignanese, accessed Mar 2011).

Lecce (LE): "Otranto" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Otranto etc." (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Taranto (TA): "Taranto" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "um Taranto" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Basilicata / Lucania (Béguinot 1902: 480; Pignatti 1982: 611)

"in Lucanien [Lucanian / Lucania]" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Calabria (Béguinot 1902: 480; Pignatti 1982: 611)

Campania (Béguinot, 1902: 480; Pignatti, 1982: 611)

Caserta (CE): "Castelvolturo [Castel Volturno]" (Beck, 1890: 228); "Castel Volturno" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Naples / Napoli / Nápoles (NA): "Neap." (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa); "Ital.: O. tinctoria Ten. Neapol. L. Thomas! Ischia Gussone!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 91, sub O. speciosa); "Neapolim ... Sorrento, Ischia" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Neapel, Portici, auf der Insel Ischia, bei Sorrento" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "Nap. ... Ischia, Capri" (Béguinot 1902: 480).

Emilia-Romagna (Caldesi 1880: 175, loc. class. of O. pelargonii; Béguinot 1902: 480; Pignatti 1982: 611)

Ravenna (RA): "Sul Pelargonium inquinans nel Giardino Carboni a Faenza (Cald.)" (Arcangeli 1894: 413, loc. class. of O. speciosa var. pelargonii).

Reggio Emilia (RE): "Emil." (Béguinot 1902: 480).

Friuli-Venezia Giulia (Pignatti 1982: 611)

Lazio (Béguinot 1902: 480; Pignatti 1982: 611)

Frosinone (FR): "Sora (FR) Roma ... Posta Fibreno (FR) Mag 2007" (photos by Gianluca Nicolella, accessed Mar 2011).

Latina (LT): "Herbarium Francavillanum / Orobanche elatior Sutt. / In arvis / Etats Napolitanis. Ittri. 3 Avril 1846" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04384968 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384968 - P 04384968.jpg - hb. Drake - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464692528 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/15E4066CB35041F4865DE434E6D83C7D; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013).

Roma / Rome (RM): "Rom." (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa); "Roma" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "um Rom [Roma / Rome]" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Liguria

"Orobanche pruinosa Duby / ... Lig. ... / ad Vician faban / herb. Dntis / (De Notaris)" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02977886 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02977886 - P 02977886.jpg - Noë 22 - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438770923 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/CB4EF193E6B240AAA77D71499E36411A; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013 [the right-hand specimen]) "In agro albingaumensi, tum in cultis ad Viciam Fabam, cum in pascuis" (De Notaris 1844: 307, sub O. pruinosa Kock; Béguinot 1902: 480; Pignatti 1982: 611).

Lombardy / Lombardia (Béguinot 1902: 480; Pignatti 1982: 611)

Bergamo (BG) "Bergam." (Béguinot 1902: 480).

Brescia (BS): "Bresc." (Béguinot 1902: 480).

Marches / Marche (Béguinot 1902: 480; Pignatti 1982: 611)

Sardinia / Sardegna / Cerdeña (Pignatti 1982: 611)

Cagliari / Casteddu (CA): "9 de mayo, 2009. Cagliari, Cerdeña, Italia" (phots 4335015253 by Mat.Tauriello in flickr.com, accessed Mar 2011).

Sicily / Sicilia / Sizilien / Sicilie (Reichenbach 1829: 40; Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa; Nyman 1881: 558, loc. class. of O. speciosa subsp. gussonii; Beck 1890: 228, "Sicilia: ... , Monreale etc.", sub O. crenata; Béguinot 1902: 480; Domina & Scibetta 2006)

Agrigento (AG): "Girgenti [Agrigento]" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Girgenti [Agrigento]" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Messina / Missina / Messana (ME): "Dr. C. Baenitz, Herbarium Europaeum. N.º / Orobanche speciosa DC. / Messina, Galati [Galati Mamertino] / 5.82[1882] / leg. Nicotra" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419701 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419701 - P 04419701.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464897656 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/F313EFF4C6A145C9B1CD8DEC0036BE77; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "Messina, S. Alessio [Forza d'Agrò]" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Lipari, Panaria [Panarea]" (Béguinot 1902: 480); "auf der Insel Sizilien: ! um Messina, Galati, S. Alessio [Forza d'Agrò]" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); 1. "Orobanche crenata Forsk. / Sizilien / Nordküste: an der Straße nahe / westl. Case nuove Malluzzo / ... / 50 m / ... / ... auf Lotus edulis L. / Datum: 21.IV.1965 [leg.: Hans [Johann] Rudolf Metlesics]". – 2. "O. crenata Forsk. / 12.137 det.: Dr. Alexander Gilli VI.77" (https://www.zobodat.at/belege.php?id=100292449 - https://www.zobodat.at/bilder/belege/00016763.jpg - LI 283976 - https://www.europeana.eu/item/11603/ZOBODAT_LANDOOE_AUSTRIA_100292449; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023).

Palermo (PA): "Je l'ai reçue de Palerme, comme croissant sur les Fèves..." (Vaucher 1827: 52, loc. class. of Orobanche de la fêve); "Orobanche pruinosa / Palermo / Parlatore dedit / 8br 1841" (http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000759365 - K 000759365 - 400419 - https://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/400419.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "Sicil." [Sicily] (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa; Nyman, 1881: 558, sub O. speciosa subsp. gussonii); "Palermo, Monreale [Murriali] (Beck, 1890: 228); "L. Chevallier, Précigné (Sarthe). / Orobanche speciosa DC / Sicile: Palerme / 14 Avril 1894 Legi L. Chevallier" (P 04405511; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016); "Ustica [Ùstica]" (Béguinot 1902: 480); "auf der Insel Sizilien: ... Palermo, Monreale, auf dem Mte. Pelegrino [Monte Pellegrino]. (Vgl. Sirena, O. crenata e suoi danni in Sicilia, Palermo 1911" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Trapani (TP): "Pantelleria [Pantiddirìa / Cossyra]" (Béguinot 1902: 480).

Syracuse / Siracusa / Sarausa (SR): "Siracusa" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Siracosa" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Trentino-Alto Adige / Trentino-Südtirol

South Tyrol / Sudtirolo / Bolzano-Alto Adige / Bozen-Südtirol: Merano / Meran: "Tirolia (ad saepes horti cuiusdem prope Meran, leg. Martens in herb. Berol., certe introducta)" (Beck 1890: 227); "Süd-Tirol: eingeschleppt in einem Garten von Meran (Martens!)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); Bolzano / Bozen: "BZ" (Aeschimann & al. 2004: 286).

Tuscany / Toscana (Béguinot 1902: 480)

Florence / Firenze / Fiorenza / Florentia (FI): "Herbarium H. Groves (Florentià) / Orobanche pruinosa / Montici near Florence / June 1873 Legit HG" (http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000759363 - K 000759363 - 400417 - https://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/400417.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "Herbarium Ricasolianum / Orobanche caryophyllaceae Sm. / Tra le leguminose a Lorentino / prepo Firenze / 1844 Mag. 31" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558986 - G-BOIS 00769019.jpg - n° SIB 436304/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Firenze" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Firenze" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "Firenze ... Cutro (KR), aprile 2010" (photos 8475 by Patrizia Ferrari, accessed Mar 2011).

Livorno (LI): "auf der Insel Elba [Tuscan Archipelago]" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Lucca (LU): "Lucca" (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa).

Pisa (PI): "prope Pisa" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Italien: ! in Ligurien, bei Pisa" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Umbria (Pignatti 1982: 611)

Perugia / Perusa (PG): "Perugia" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Veneto (Béguinot 1902: 480; Pignatti 1982: 611)

Verona: "Veron." (Béguinot 1902: 480).

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Lebanon / Líbano / Liban (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Haidar & Sidahmed 2000 "In Lebanon, broad beans and peas are the major crops parasitized by O. crenata")

Baalbek-Hermel Governorate: "... Orobanche crenata Forsk. ... / 30 Avril 1929 / Soueidié [southeastern suburb of Baalbek (Heliopolis)] (Syrie Du Nord) / R. Gombault  / Parasitait des champs de Cicer arietinum L." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02985746 - P 02985746.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439104465 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/242AAF87D3D94F4396921C8B7C53667D; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2019).

Beirut Governorate [Beirut, Capital City]: "Herbier Em. Desvaux. / Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. (... Reut.) / legi ipse 18 ad Lupinum ? parasitica / Beyrouth [Beirut] / Blanche" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558979 - G-BOIS 00769070.jpg - n° SIB 436297/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); Beirut (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

North Governorate: "n.º 456 Tripoli / Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr.! / ... / 7 ... 1846 / Blanche" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=559004 - G-BOIS 00769160.jpg - n° SIB 436322/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Syria ad Tripoli [Tarābulus / Trâblous / Τρίπολις (Tripoli District)] (Bl. exs. 454! 456!)" (Boissier 1888: 357, sub O. speciosa).

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Libya /  ‏ليبيا‎  / Libia / Lybien (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Durand & Barrete 1910; Jafri 1978: 21-22, 20 f. 8)

Fezzan [unconfirmed]: " G. Rohlfs Expedition in die libische Wuste / 1174 Orobanche crenata F. / — pruinosa Lap / Raor Dached [Wadi Dachel / Dachel oasis / Dakhla Oasis, Dachla, New Valley Governorate, Egypt],  ... auf Vicia / faba / 9.3.1874 leg. P. Ascherson" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558991 - G-BOIS 00769025.jpg - n° SIB 436309/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Lybysche wuste, 9.3.1874, G. Rohlfs 1174 (P)" (Jafri 1978: 21-22, 20 f. 8).

Tripolitania: Tripoli (Durand & Barrete 1910); "Tripolis: ! um Tripolis, bei Mschiah (Taubert)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "A-3 Tripoli, Gargarish, parassitic on Vicia faba, Abu Raya s.n. (ULT)" (Jafri 1978: 21-22, 20 f. 8).

Cyrenaica: "A-6 Bengasi [Benghazi], V. Zanon 79 (FI);  ... A-7 Martuba a sud di Barce U. el-Bgar... (FI); Derna, U. en Naga ... (FI); Derna ... (FI)" (Jafri 1978: 21-22, 20 f. 8).

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Malta / Malte (Béguinot 1902: 480; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Mifsud sub Orobanche crenata in Malta Wild Plants (ORBCR-0 [apparently parasitizing Vicia faba L.]. ORBCR-1. ORBCR-2. ORBCR-3. ORBCR-4 [this photograph seems to correspond to O. pubescens]. ORBCR-5 [this photograph seems to correspond to O. pubescens].). ORBCR-6. ORBCR-7 [apparently parasitizing Tropaeolum majus L. (Tropaeolaceae)]. ORBCR-8. ORBCR-9 [apparently parasitizing Tropaeolum majus]. ORBCR-10  [apparently parasitizing Tropaeolum majus]. ORBCR-11 [apparently parasitizing Tropaeolum majus]. ORBCR-12 [apparently parasitizing Vicia faba]; accessed Apr 2013); Mifsud sub Orobanche picridis in Malta Wild Plants (ORBPC-0. ORBPC-1. ORBPC-2. ORBPC-3. ORBPC-4.; accessed Apr 2013).

Malta!: "! bei San Paolo im Mai (Sommier); Ins. Gozo [Għawdex / Gozzo, Isole Calipsee] bei Rabat im April (Sommier!)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

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Montenegro / Crna Gora [Black Mountain] / Црна Гора (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata)

Bar / Бар / Antivari / Antibari: "Crna gora: bei Sustaš [Sustashi] um Bar [Бар / Antivari / Antibari]..." (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

Ulcinj: "... und Dulcigno [Ulcinj / Улцињ / Ulqin / Ulqini] (nach Rohlena)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

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Morocco / المغرب‎, / Marruecos / Marokko (Ball 1878: 605, sub O. pruinosa; Jahandiez & Maire 1923: 68, loc. class. of O. amethystea var. maura; Pau 1924: 371; Mas Guindal 1930; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 698 "OL. OS. ES. R. T. CN. WN. CS. WS. SW. H. — GA. AS."; Lutzeyer & al. 1994; Feliachi & Aouali, 2005; Fleurs du Maroc Atlantique, accessed Mar 2011)

Chaouia-Ouardigha: "Weeds in rainfed pea fields in the Settat province" (Tanji 2003).

Fès-Meknès [Fès-Boulemane-Meknès-Tafilalet]

Fès Prefecture: Fes [Fès / Fez], Fes el Bali, Sefrou (Lutzeyer & al. 1994: 433; Fleurs du Maroc Atlantique, accessed Mar 2011).

Meknès Prefecture: Meknès [Mequinez] (Lutzeyer & al. 1994: 433; Fleurs du Maroc Atlantique, accessed Mar 2011).

Moulay Yacoub Province: "Ain Bou Ali [34°06'16.0"N 4°57'14.9"W 34.104432, -4.954146], Moulay Yacoub, Fès-Boulemane, 13 Apr 2021" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/73830104 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3090966708 by Thomas Friedrich in iNaturalist; accessed Apr 2023!).

Grand Casablanca: "Casa Blanca!" (Ball 1878: 605, sub O. pruinosa).

Marrakesh-Safi [Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz]

Al Haouz Province: "Ad radices Atlantis Majoris. Sektana [Sektana-Rhighaia / Sektana-Rhighaïa / Souktana, 31°18'20.2"N 7°55'11.0"W 31.305610, -7.919720]! Reraya [Reraïa (Rhirhaïa / Ghighaya, High Atlas / Haut Atlas)] prope Arround (Aroumd)] (R. et Fr. spec. in Herb. Kew.)!" (Ball 1878: 605, sub O. pruinosa); "Mar. merid.— Specimen unicum legit prope Sektana [Sektana-Rhighaia / Sektana-Rhighaïa / Souktana, 31°18'20.2"N 7°55'11.0"W 31.305610, -7.919720] J.D.H.!" (Ball 1878: 605, sub O. pruinosa var. speciosa).

Marrakesh Prefecture: Marrakech [Marraquech] (Fleurs du Maroc Atlantique; accessed Mar 2011).

Rabat-Salé-Kénitra [Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaer]

Rabat Prefecture: "Rabat (R. et Fr. spec. in Herb. Kew.)!" (Ball 1878: 605, sub O. pruinosa).

Salé Prefecture: 1. "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche amethystea Thuill. / var. maura n. var. / M. Plage de Salé, sur Eryngium / maritimum / 22-4-1921 / [leg.] Jahandiez nº 69 [det.] Dr. R. Maire". – 2. "MPU holotype ... / Datus: 11.03.2004 / Auct. Muriel durand & Caroline Loup". – 3. "... Hab. ad littus Oceani in Imperio Maroccano occidentali : in arenosis maritimis prope Salam ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu000164 - MPU 000164.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424537604; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2004, holotype ["Typus in Herbario Universitatis Algeriensis"] of O. amethystea var. maura); 1. "69 / Herbier E. Jahandiez / plantes du Maroc / Orobanche amethystea Thuill. / var. maura Jahand. et Maire n. var. / Parasite sur Eryngium maritimum / Localité Plage de Salé / Date 22 avril 1921 / [leg. Jahandiez det. Dr. R. Maire]". – 2. "AIX-Jahandiez Herbier d'Emile Jahandiez ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mhnaix/collection/aix/item/aix000091 - AIX 000091.jpg - hb. Jahandiez - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/731858235; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2004, isotype of O. amethystea var. maura (Carlón & al. 2008: 113-114)); "Hab. ad littus Oceani in Imperio Maroccano occidentali : in arenosis maritimis prope Salam [Salé], ubi ad radices Eryngii maritimi viget et aprili floret — Typus in Herbario Universitatis Algeriensis" (Jahandiez & Maire 1923: 68, loc. class. of O. amethystea var. maura).

Tanger-Tétouan: "Tanger (spec. unicum legit J.D.H.!" (Ball 1878: 605, sub O. pruinosa); "Tetuán, Rincón de Medik [Rincon de Medik, Tetouan, 35° 41' 7 N, 5° 19' 21 W]" (Pau 1924: 371); Larache [El Araich] (Mas Guindal 1930).

Taza-Al Hoceima-Taounate: Taounate [Taounate Province], Taza (Lutzeyer & al. 1994: 433).

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Netherlands / Países Bajos / Pays-Bas / Nederland [alien] (Kreutz 1995: 84, sub O. crenata)

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North Macedonia / Република Северна Македонија / Македонија / Mazedonien / Macédoine [former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia] (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata)

"Makedonien (nach Grisebach): auf der Mirčenica Planina (Formanek!)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

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Palestine / Palaestina (vide Israel and the Palestinian territories)

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Poland / Polska / Polonia / Polen [alien]

Śląsk / Silesia: "nach Löhr (1852) " in Schlesien [Silesia]: am Gypsgraben bei Dirschel" (bei Kietrz; als "O. pruinosa Lapeyr.")" (Uhlich & al. 1995: 114).

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Portugal (Guimarães 1904: 123-126, sub O. crenata; Guimarães 1904: 126, loc. class. of O. crenata [var. typica] subvar. plataphylla; Sampaio 1913: 115; Domingues de Almeida 2003: 59)

Algarve (Ag): "Faro: arredores de Faro, 29SNA99, 6-IV-1885, J.A. Guimarães, LISU P34706; Tavira: Solteiras, num faval ... 29SPB21, 6-IV-1983, M. Lousã & I. Moreira, LISI; Tavira: Conceição... 29SPB21, 22-V-1993, M.D. Espírito Santo, LISI" (Domingues de Almeida 2003: 59).

Alto Alentejo (AAl): "AAl" (Foley 2001: 51).

Azores / Açores Islands [Macaronesia] (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 698)

Baixo Alentejo (BAl): "Serpa: arredores de Serpa, V-1915, F. Mendes, LISU P 34597 & P 34598; Serpa: Courela de São Braz, 17-IV-1952, F. Goinhas Palma 198, LISI; Beja: Ervidel, num faval, en solo de barros pretos de Beja, 140 m. s. m., 29SNC80, 2-V-1952, M. Da Silva, LISE 76858" (Domingues de Almeida 2003: 59); "À Sesimbra - Baixo Alentejo [Portugal] le Avril 2007 par Benoit Bock" (Tela Botanica, illustration, accessed Mar 2011).

Beira Litoral (BL): "Coimbra, na cerca do Seminário, sobre Vicia faba, 29TNE45, 15-VI-1946, P. Póvoa dos Reis, COI" (Domingues de Almeida 2003: 60).

Estremadura (E): 1. "Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. // Orobanche amoena vol. cum / icone. / -si nova- / Inter sata Melitot. italici in / basaltico-argiloso: prope Ajuda / in agro Olisipon. [Olisippo / Lisboa / Lisbon] non frequens. / Parasitica ad rad. Helminthiae, / Melitoti italici, Ornithopidii ...  / ... / 15 Apr. 847 l. [leg.] Welw. // Welwitsch misi Maji 1847". – 2. "Orobanche pruinosa Lap. snie dubio, / quamis in aliis plantis parasitica" (http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000759366 - K 000759366.jpg - 400420 - https://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/400420.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); 1. "Orobanche amoena Welw. in / lite. ad Gay c. icone / Vidi: Iconem / Parasitica ad rad. Helminth echinoides / Melitoti italici et sino ad Cyno- / don dactylon prope Olisiponem [Olisippo / Lisboa / Lisbon] / Apr. 847 l. [leg.] Welw.". – 2. "O. pruinosa Lapeyr. speciosa DC. / H.G.F. Solnz[?]" (http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000759364 - K 000759364 - 400417 - https://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/400417.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "circa Olisiponem [Lisbon / Lisboa], Queluz [Sintra], Alhandra, Villa Franca, Arruda, Dois Portos, Torres Vedras" (Guimarães 1904: 125); "Centro littoral: — Arredores de Lisboa: Tapada da Ajuda, Portella (parasita do Pisum sativum L., Helminthia echioides Gärtn., Ornithopus sp., Melilotus vulgaris W., Melilotus Italica Lam., Cynodon dactylon Pers., Welwitsch!, n.° 1086 Pereira Coutinho!, A. Guimarães!), Queluz (parasita da Vicia Faba L., A. Guimarães!)" (Guimarães 1904: 126, loc. class. of O. crenata [var. typica] subvar. plataphylla; Beck 1930: 138); "Centro littoral: — Villa Franca (parasita da Vicia Faba L., Palha Blanco!); Alhandra (parasita da Vicia Faba L. e do Pisum sativum L., Dr. Assiz!)" (Guimarães 1904: 126, sub var. typica); "Centro littoral: — Arruda dos Vinhos (parasita da Vicia Faba L., e do Pisum sativum L., A. Vaz Monteiro!); Serra de Cintra (parasita do Trifolium praiense L., Daveau!)" (Guimarães 1904: 126, sub var. lasiothrix); "Centro littoral: — Torres Vedras: Runa [na raiz da Vicia Faba L., Fl. Lus. (Soc. Brot. 14.º anno), n.º 1499, J.G. Barros e Cunha!]; Dois Portos: Quinta do Hespanhol (no Pisum sativum L., João da Matta!)" (Guimarães 1904: 126, sub var. angustisepala); "Estrem. (frecuente)" (Coutinho 1913: 568); "Tapada d'Ajuda [Tapada da Ajuda, Lisbon Comarca], Torres Vedras" (Gandoger 1917: 274, sub O. speciosa); "E" (Foley 2001: 51); "Habit, parasitic on Tropaeolum majus L., Parque Florestal de Monsanto, Lisbon, Portugal; 5/2010" (photos by Jörn Germer, accessed Mar 2011); Almada [Setúbal], Mata dos Franceses (entre Cova do Vapor y São João da Caparica), 38º 39’ 40,38’’ N, 9º 15’ 4,79’’ W, 3 m, parasita de Vicia sp., en suelos arenosos de borde de camino, G. Moreno Moral, 27-IV-2013 (obs.).

Madeira Islands [Macaronesia] (GRIN-Global, accessed May 2016)

"CAM Voltas Escola S, 9060-337 Funchal [32°39'58.9"N 16°53'48.5"W 32.666357, -16.896811], 14 abr. 2022" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/111789345 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3760064225 by Vítor Jorge in iNaturalist; accessed Apr 2023! [apparently parasitizing Tropaeolum majus L. (Tropaeolaceae)]).

Ribatejo (R): "Santarém, Terra Branca: Estrada de Secorio a São João da Ribeira, 29SND14, 30-VI-1956, M. Alfaiate, LISI; Cartaxo, Valada do Ribatejo, parasitando faveiras, 29SND23, 24-V-1968, J.F. Caldeira Cordovil, LISI" (Domingues de Almeida 2003: 60).

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Romania / Roumanie / România / Rumanía / Rumänien (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata)

Cluj: "circa Klausenburg Transsilvaniae (sec. J. Landóz et S. Brassai, nisi confusa est)" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Siebenbürgen: in Klausenburg [Cluj-Napoca / Klausenburg / Kolozsvár] (J. Landóz u. S. Brassai)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "nur Siebenbürgen (Cluj Napoca)" (Uhlich & al. 1995: 114).

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Russia / Россия / Rossiya / Rusia / Russie / Russland (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata; Beck 1922: 39[471], sub O. owerini; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 141, sub O. owerinii; Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 98[93], sub O. owerinii, "Caucasus [Caucasus / Caucas / Cáucaso]: all regions, excluding Tal")

North Caucasian Federal District / Северо-Кавказский федеральный округ [see O. owerinii et O. laxissima]

North Ossetia-Alania Republic / Республика Северная Осетия-Алания (former North Ossetian Autonomous SSR / Северо-Осетинская АССР) [see O. owerinii] (Beck 1922: 38 terra class. of O. crenata f. gracillina; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata)

Stavropol Krai / Ставропольский край: "Горный [Горный / Gornyi, 43°57'19.4"N 42°51'33.0"E - 43.955393, 42.859178, Ессентукская улица / Yessentukskaya Ulitsa]", 19 Jun 2021 (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/84867851 - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/3321090162 by Шильников Дмитрий Сергеевич [Shilnikov Dmitry Sergeevich - demons1312 in iNaturalist; accessed Jun 2022 [apparently parasitic on Apiaceae]).

Southern Federal District / Южный федеральный округ [see O. owerinii et O. laxissima]

Krim / Crimea / Крымский полуостров / Кримський півострів / Tauria / Tauris / Ταυρική [Autonomous Republic of Crimea / Автономная Республика Крым - Республика Крым / Republic of Crimea] (formerly Crimean ASSR / Крымская АССР) [see O. callieri et O. laxissima]

"Russische Länder: ! auf der Halbinsel Krim bei Porte de Baidar, Chaitane, Merdvene, Outchane-sou, Ai Petri, im Juni, Juli (Fedtschenko), um Kakko (Golde), Nicita (Zelenetzki)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata).

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Saudi Arabia / Arabia Saudita / Arabie saoudite / Saudi-Arabien / as-Su‘ūdiyyah (Arabian Peninsula) [alien] (Chaudhary & al. 1981; Foley 2004: 247, sub O. crenata)

"Saudi Arabia: Hanidh, 1.IV.1983, Mandaville 8104 (herb. Mandaville); Eastern Province, al-Khubar, 4.III.1983, Mandaville 7887 (herb. Mandaville)" (Foley 2004: 247, sub O. crenata).

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Serbia / Serbien / Србија / Srbija (Kojić 2001; Maširević & Kojić 2002)

"The host plants to it include: broad-bean (Vicia faba), garden peas (Pisum sativum) and vetch (Vicia lens and Vicia ervillia)" (Kojić 2001: 87).

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Slovenia / Slovenija / Eslovenia / Slovénie / Slowenien [n.v.] (Chater & Webb 1972: 290, "Ju", sub O. crenata; Martinčič & al. 1999)

"6257 Trnje [45°41'28.2"N 14°14'02.0"E 45.691173, 14.233880], 20 Jun 2020" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/51041734 by Dean Zagorac in iNaturalist; accessed Apr 2023 [the specimen does not correspond to O. crenata, seems to remember to O. cf. bartlingii]).

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Spain / España / Espagne / Spanien (Vaucher 1827: 52, sub Orobanche de la fêve Vaucher; Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa; Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa; Colmeiro 1888: 277, sub O. speciosa; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata)

Álava / Araba (Vi): "Arinez [Ariñez / Ariniz]" (Gandoger 1917: 274, sub O. speciosa); "Arratzua-Ubarrundia [Arrazua-Ubarrundia], junto a Luku [Luco], 30TWN2954, 520 m, en una cuneta herbosa de la carretera a Urbina sobre hospedadora que no pudo precisarse, G. Moreno Moral MM0104/2007, 6-VII-2007 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12944)" (Carlón & al. 2008: 113, sub O. crenata).

Alicante / Alacant (A): Gata de Gorgos (Rouy 1884: 275); "regno Valent. ... pr. Denia [Dénia] int. Ondarra [Ondara] et Gata [Gata de Gorgos], Rouy" (Willkomm 1893: 187, sub O. crenata); "Entre Ondarra [Ondara] et Gata [Gata de Gorgos]" (Rouy 1844: 27, sub O. speciosa); "Xàbia, Fontanelles, BC5095, 10 m, 15-III-1987, A. Barber, ABH 3350" (Pujadas 2001: 81); "A" (Foley 2001: 51, sub O. crenata).

Almería (Al): "Almería" (Oliveira Velloso & al. 1994: 630, sub O. crenata); "Almería Subdesértica: Punta Entinas, 8-IV-1954, H. Jerónimo, ALME 1722 (sub O. amethystea en Pujadas & Lora: 213). Las Salinas, Playa de Cerrillos, 10-IV-1978, Díaz et al., COFC 13036" (Pujadas & al. 2007: 112, sub O. crenata); "Berja, María, Adra, Aguadulce, Venta de Los Yesos, Alhama" (Ivorra & al. 2008, sub Orobanche crenata).

Asturias [formerly known as Ovideo Province] (O): Langreo (Martínez Martínez 1935: 34); "Asturias (Dur. [Durieu])" (Guinea 1953: 363); Santa Marina (Navarro, 1979: 12) [probably in error/alien (Carlón & al. 2002: 18, in FCO there is not any sheet of O. crenata)].

Barcelona (B): "E. Bourgeau, Pyrénées Espagnoles. N. 594. / Orobanche pruinosa, Lap. / Barcelone, dans les champs, à Gava [Gavà / Gavá, Baix Llobregat]. / 6 Mai,  1847" (P 04385338 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2016); "Hisp. Catalon." (Nyman 1854-1855: 130, sub O. speciosa); "pr. Barcinonem, Wk." (Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa); Plana de Vich [Vic] (Masferrer 1877); "Monjuich [Montjuic / Montjuïc] cerca de Barcelona (Colm., Willk.), Plana de Vich [Vic] (Masferr.)" (Colmeiro 1888: 277, sub O. speciosa); "Barc. [Barcelona], Gaba [Gavà], m. Tibidabo [monte Tibidabo, Sierra de Collserola, Barcelona]" (Gandoger 1917: 274, sub O. speciosa); "Plantes d'Espagne / Orobanche crenata Forsk. / Barcelone, sur les fèves / 1917-VI   F.re Sennen" (P 04392350; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); Barcelona (Sennen 1918: 41; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "Trifolium repens, delta del Tordera ... Ornithopus compressus, delta del Tordera; Medicago arabica, Vicia bithynica y Geranium purpureum, en el Torrent Cirers de Argentona (60 m) ... Calella, Cuní; Teià ... Barr.; río Besos, Bol. 490" (Montserrat 1957: 349-350); "Osona, Bages" (Bolòs & Vigo 1996: 509); «"Camps inmediats a Sabadell, sobre el Dipsacus fullonum, abundant, 25-V-1911, J. Cadevall, BC 821712 - Herbari Cadevall" pertany probablement a O. crenata.» (Pujadas 2001: 83); "B" (Foley 2001: 51); L'Espunyola [Berguedà], 31TCG9856, 820 m, cuneta y ribazo del camino, L. Carlón, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral, 20.06.2004 (obs.).

Badajoz (Ba): "Villanueva de la Serena, Estremadura [Extremadura] (E), 2-4-1994" (Kreutz 1995: 86 photo 1!, 87 photo 2!); "Ba" (Foley 2001: 51, sub O. crenata).

Baleares, Islas / Balears, Illes / Balearic Islands [formerly known as Palma de Mallorca Province ("PM")]

Ibiza / Eivissa (Ib): Son Arenal (Hansen 1974); Eivissa (Bolòs & Vigo 1996: 509).

Mallorca / Majorca (Mll): "Plantes des Baleares / Orobanche speciosa, D.C. / nouvelle pour les Baleáres. / Champs, parasite sur Faba vulgaris. / Pont d'Inca [Marratxí / Marrachí]. / 1918, 7 Juin. F.re Bianor-Marie" (P 04406120; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2016); "Plantes des Baleares / Orobanche speciosa, D.C. / Parasite sur Faba vulgaris. / Génova, près Palma. / 1919, 7 Avril. F.re Bianor-Marie" (P 04406121; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2016); "San Guan de Aleares  [Sant Joan les Fonts, La Garrocha, Gerona? / San Juan - Sant Joan, Baleares?] (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "sobre les faves, és una veritable plaga; les primeres notíces de la seva aparició a Mallorca són del 1932" (Garcias i Font 1937: 55, sub O. speciosa DC.); Mallorca (Bolòs & Vigo 1996: 509); "Mll" (Foley 2001: 51, sub O. crenata); "Orobanche crenata - Orobanchaceae, del campo de Algaida, Mallorca, España (Orobanche crenata parasitando una planta de guisantes)" (photos by Galería de fotos Mundani, accessed Apr 2011).

Menorca / Minorca (Mn): "En Mahón, en las huertas. También el señor Landino halló antes esta especie en Villa Carlos, en 1904. Sobre las habas" (Font Quer 1919: 271, sub O. speciosa; Knoche 1922: 400, sub O. speciosa); Menorca (Bolòs & Vigo 1996: 509); "Mn" (Foley 2001: 51, sub O. crenata).

Cáceres (Cc): "Cc" (Foley 2001: 51, sub O. crenata).

Cádiz (Ca): cerca de Jerez (Pérez Lara 1889); "Elisée Reverchon. — Plantes de L'Abdalousie / 1890 / Nº 535 Orobanche speciosa D.C. / Willkomm. / Grazalema [Sierra de Cádiz], sur les Faba. / 24 mai." (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419831 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419831 - P 04419831.jpg - hb. Drake - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464979332 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/B6DAE6E467D04A38A7ABB7ACD74A128D; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "Elisée Reverchon. — Plantes d' Espagne — 1890 / Province d'Abdalousie / Nº 535 Orobanche speciosa D.C. / Willkomm. / Grazalema, sur les Faba vulgaris, lieux cultivés, sur le / calcaire, 800 mètres. / Juin." (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04419731 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419731 - P 04419731jpg - hb. Drake - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464733526 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/791BFF600DFD4AFA9E8B74267EB18239; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); idem (P 04405510 - hb. L. Chevallier; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2016); "prov. Gadit. (pr. Jerez ad monast. La Cartuja et in Campos de Robeatum, Per. Lara)" (Willkomm 1893: 187, sub O. crenata); "Grazalema, Tempul [Manantial del Tempul, near Jerez]" (Gandoger 1917: 274, sub O. speciosa); "Grazalema (Reverchon); ... Algeciras (A.H. Wolley-Dod); Gibraltar (Wolley-Dod)" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); Sierras de Algeciras (Gil, Arroyo & Devesa 1985); "Ca" (Foley 2001: 51); A) "Herbario Alejandre / N.º 235/02 [en el paquete aparte (sin determinar)] / Cádiz: Jerez de la Frontera, carretera C-344, cerca de / Algar, herbazales en el talud bajo la carretera, carbonatos, / 200 m / 30STF644619 / 1 de Marzo de 2002 / L.F. Sánchez Tundidor / J.A. Alejandre / M.J. Escalante // B) revisión para «Contribuciones VI» 235/02 / O. crenata Forssk. / Det.-rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, 26/11/2002 [obs. cáliz de dientes filiformes, más largos que el resto y teñidos de morado; corola hasta de 24 mm, con nerviación ± morada (conspicua en seco); filamentos pilosos en la base y escasamente piloso-glandulíferos en el ápice; anteras grisáceas (en seco); estilo piloso-glandulífero]; Casa de Almadraba (pr. Conil de la Frontera), 29SQA5524, 20 m, aparentemente sobre Vicia sp. en antigua zona de cultivo, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0038/2004, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral, 09.04.2004 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11746); Casa de Almadraba (pr. Conil de la Frontera), 29SQA5524, 20 m, aparentemente sobre Daucus muricatus (L.) L. en antigua zona de cultivo, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0038B/2004, 09.04.2004 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11748); "Tarifa, bajo el faro Camarinal —pr. Zahara de los Atunes—, 30STF4698, 2 m, sobre (!) Eryngium maritimum L., dunas, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral MM0093/2004, 22-V-2004 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11848)" (Carlón & al. 2005: 36); Gaucín, la Almuña (pr. Gaucín), 30TSF8842, 410 m, sobre Daucus sp. en la cuneta, G. Gómez Casares &  G. Moreno Moral MM0095/2004, 23/05/2004 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11850); Algodonales, sobre el Cortijo de la Fuente de la Sierra (pr. La Muela), 30TSF8689, 520 m, substrato calizo, G. Gómez Casares & G. Moreno Moral, MM0105/2004, 23/05/2004 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 11861); "Litoral: Véjer de la Frontera, Finca de la Muela, 15-IV-1988, E. Morillo, COA 13529. Conil, dunas, 21-IV-1990, A. Pujadas, COA 17624. Zahara de los Atunes, Playa Atlantera, dunas, 10-V-2003, A. Pujadas, COA 37567. Entre Conil y Vejer de la Frontera, 27-IV-1978, T. Luque et al., SEV 162905. Chiclana, salinas, 21-IV-1980, F. Amor & A. Barroso, SEV 120720 (sub O. reticulata). Valle del Guadalquivir: Jerez de la Frontera, 30-III-1987, J. Oliveira, COA 13717. Ctra. Bornos-Espera Km 2, margen izq., 30STF5282, 18-VI-1996, A. Lora et al., COA 22064. Villamartín, 17-V-1979, P. Candau & I. Fernández, SEV 162894. Entre Arcos de la Frontera y el Bosque, 24-V-1981, A. Martínez, SEV 120066. Entre Jerez y Torre Melgarejo, 6-III-1982, A. Martínez, SEV 121792. Trebujena, 7-V-1982, S. Talavera & B. Valdés, SEV 120721. Sierra del Aljibe: Los Barrios a Cádiz, Km 7, 20-IV-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13845. Algeciras, Punta del Rinconcillo, 4-V-1991, M. Cuesta, COA 17615. Los Barrios, Arroyo Tiradero, TF 7008, 26-VI-1988, J. Cuenca & S. Pérez, MGC 19316. San Roque, El Almendral, -IV-1959, D.M.C. Brinton-Lee, SEV 82572. Algeciras, Sierra del Algarrobo, 23-IV-1980, J. Arroyo & J.M. Gil, SEV 71579 (sub O. reticulata). Serranía de Ronda: Benamahoma, 15-IV-1988, F. Sancho, COA 13723. Alrededores de Grazalema, 30STF9072, 20-IV-1995, A. Pujadas, COA 17507. Prado del Rey, 4-VI-1978, A. Ramos, SEV 162922. Algodonales, Sierra de Líjar, 29-III-1980, A. Aparicio, SEV 162957 (sub O. reticulata). Benamahoma a Grazalema, Km 37-38, 20-V-1983, A. Aparicio & J. Blázquez, SEV 115473 (sub O. reticulata)" (Pujadas & al. 2007: 112-113, sub O. crenata); Vejer de la Frontera, entre el Cortijo de Villacardosa Baja y las casas del Acebuchal (junto al arroyo San Ambrosio, pr. Zahora), 29SQA6511, 10 m, junto a una mata de habas en un herbazal, G. Moreno Moral, 3-IV-2010 (obs.); Castellar de la Frontera, junto al km 6 de la ctra. A-2100 entre Sotogrande y Castellar (en la cabecera del arroyo de las Presillas, pr. Castellar de la Frontera), 30STF8720, 170 m, herbazal en cuneta de camino, G. Moreno Moral, 15-V-2011 (obs.); Orobanche crenata (Flora Vascular, accessed Apr 2011); Algodonales, al pie de la Sierra de Líjar (sobre el área recreativa de La Muela, pr. La Muela), 30STF8688, 510 m, pasto entre encinas, L. Carlón & G. Moreno Moral, 11-VI-2013 (obs.); Grazalema, cerca de la Casa de Cerro Cacín (cuneta de la ctra. en dirección a Villaluenga del Rosario, pr. Grazalema), L. Carlón & G. Moreno Moral, 11-VI-2013 (obs.).

Canarias, Islas / Canary Islands [Macaronesia] (Webb 1845: 156, "ad insulas nostras protensa", sub O. pruinosa; Reuter 1847: 19, sub O. pruinosa, "in Canariis (Depr. in h. Lenorm!)"; Pitard & Proust 1909 ["Région maritime, dans les endroits incultes. Nous ne connaisson pas cette espèce aux Canaries"]; Lindinger 1926 [Gran Canaria ? (WB 50a). Tenerife (Masf. 82) / Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. (= O. speciosa DC. = O. pruinosa + O. speciosa Reut.)]; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata)

Las Palmas Province

Gran Canaria: "Orobanche crenata Forssk.  / 28°02'35.9"N 15°29'24.4"W 28.043299, -15.490109 Los Olivos, Las Palmas / 21 May 2020" (https://identify.plantnet.org/afn/observations/1006661586 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2974325428 by Mercedes García in Pl@ntNet [apparently parasitizing Tropaeolum majus L. (Tropaeolaceae)]).

Lanzarote: Haría (Reyes Betancort & al. 1999); municipality of Haría, above the Cuesta del Pozo (near Haría village), 28RFT4725, 230 m, parasitizing (!) Lathyrus cicera L., G. Moreno Moral MM0046/2006, 29 Mar 2006 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 12488); "À Haría - Las Palmas [Espagne] le Février 2009 par Benoit Bock" (Tela Botanica, illustration, accessed Mar 2011).

Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province

El Hierro: "Hierro: Mountain ridge south of Sabinosa near the Carretera, 1100 m" [from our point of view, It is not probable that the species recorded as O. crenata in that place correspond to this species] (Lid 1967); municipality of Valverde, below Valverde village, 28RBR1379, 535 m, probably several species are parasitized by it, one of these species could be the Vicia benghalensis L. [= V. atropurpurea Desf.], which has been gathered in these old orchards, G. Moreno Moral MM0062/2010, 10 May 2010 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13532 [obs. the species is common in old orchards and subsisted below the last houses of Valverde village. Almost all specimens were already dry. O. crenata was recorded of this same place by Stierstorfer & Gaisberg, op. cit.: 138, "Only a few individuals in an abandoned vegetable patch near Valverde could be found in May 1999, parasiting on Lens nigricans" (relevé 14 in table 30; Stierstorfer 2005: 286, 370)].

Cantabria [formerly known as Santander Province] (S): (Foley 2001: 51, 242 photo 12 "Liencres" [herb. Sánchez Pedraja 09068]) [in error for O. amethystea (Carlón & al. 2002: 17, "Valdeprado del Río")].

Ciudad Real (CR): Sierra Madrona [Cordillera Mariánica (Sierra Morena)], photo! by R. García Río.

Córdoba / Cordova (Co): "Córdoba" (Oliveira Velloso & al. 1994: 630, sub O. crenata); "Co" (Foley 2001: 51); Córdoba, entre Los Cansinos y Los Ángeles (pr. Los Ángeles), 30SUH5599, 400 m, sobre Vicia faba L. cultivo de habas, G. Moreno Moral MM0122/2002, 01.05.2002 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 10498); "pr. Córdoba" (Carlón & al. 2002: 13, Lám. 5); Iznájar, bajo el cerro del Azucarón (cerca de la villa de Iznájar), 30SUG8526, 450 m cuneta de la carretera, G. Moreno Moral MM0146/2002, 03/05/2002 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 10522); Córdoba (Díaz & al. 2004: 356); "In January 2006, we observed severe broomrape attacks in four commercial fields of fall-sown lettuce (Lactuca sativa cv. Iceberg) crops at Almodóvar del Río (Córdoba Province) in southern Spain" (Landa & al. 2006, sub O. crenata); "Sierra Morena: Hornachuelos-Palma del Río, 8-VI-1983, A. Pujadas, COA 7349. Alcolea, c. del Pantano Guadalmellato, 28-IV-1985, A. Pujadas, COA 9408. Villa del Río a Cardeña, Finca Verdizales, 24-V-1989, J. Oliveira & A. Pujadas, COA 13546. Córdoba, Las Jaras, 7-VI-1987, A. Pujadas & P. Poyato, COA 13864. Arroyo Bejarano, 7-V-2006, A. Pujadas, COA 37571. Cerca del Pantano de San Rafael de Matallana, 30SUH0256, 13-IV-1997, A. Pujadas, COA 23740. Pedroches: Cardeña, Km 5 hacia el sur, 10-VI-1984, A. Pujadas & P. Poyato, COA 7340. Belalcázar a Santa Eufemia, Finca Picarazas, 1-V-1978, M.L. Díaz, SEV 119955. Vega del Guadalquivir: Posadas a Palma del Río, Km 9, 12-V-1982, A. Pujadas, COA 7343. Hornachuelos-Palma del Río, 8-VI-1983, A. Pujadas, COA 7349. Cerca de Almodóvar del Río, 15-V-1987, J. Oliveira, COA 13652. Córdoba, Pgno. industrial del Sector Sur, 5-V-1987, J. Oliveira, COA 13658. Almodóvar del Río, Finca Fuen-Real, 27-IV-1985, R. Soria & J.M. Cabrera, COA 13659. Córdoba, INIA, 16-III-1990, A. Pujadas, COA 13693. Valle del Guadalquivir: Bujalance a Córdoba, Km 2, margen izq. del Guadalquivir, 19-V-1982, A. Pujadas, COA 13862. Santaella, Arroyo Término, 17-V-1983, A. Pujadas, COA 7360. Puente Genil, Ribera baja, 26-III-1988, L. Velasco, COA 13859. El Carpio, 3-V-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13699. Cerca de Montilla, 9-V-1989, A. Pujadas, COA 13506. Subbética Occidental: Cabra, Cerro de Camarena, 6-VI-1987, C. Gálvez, COA 13822. Priego de Córdoba., 22-VII-1987, J. Oliveira, COA 13774. Carcabuey, Pico Bermejo, 9-VI-1989, A. Pujadas & C. Gálvez, COA 13507. Base La Tiñosa, 15-V-1991, A. Lora & A. Pujadas, COA 17521. Iznájar, cerro del Azucarón, 30SUG8526, 450 m, 2-V-1998, A. Pujadas, COA 25298. Luque, Laguna del Salobral, 18-V-2003, L. Plaza & A. Dorda, COA 37572" (Pujadas & al. 2007: 113, sub O. crenata); "In 2008, we found broomrape shoots infecting 4 to 5% of sulla plants [Hedysarum coronarium] in a trial field (two land races, P-26 and P-3, in a 500-m2 area) in Córdoba" (Córdoba & al. 2008: 1709, sub O. crenata).

Gerona / Girona (Ge / Gi): "Catalogne ... Roussillon ... Nous avons cueilli à Girona une variété toute jaune et presque inodore" (Bentham 1826: 109, sub O. pruinosa); "Catalauniâ (Benth.)" (Reuter 1847: 19, sub O. pruinosa); "Observavi ... ad Gerona, ad San Felice de Guixols [San Felíu de Guixols / Sant Feliu de Guíxols]" (Bubani 1897: 252, sub O. speciosa); Garrotxa ... Gerona ... Olot (Vayreda 1902); Ampurdán (Pau 1905); "Plantes d' Espagne — F. Sennen / Nº 338 / Orobanche crenata Forsk. (1775) / — O. speciosa D.C. / Catalogne: Llers [Alt Empordà / Alto Ampurdán], sur le Faba vulgaris [Vicia faba L.] / 1907. 9. VI. // Ex Herb. E. Mouillefarine" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04419829 - P 04419829.jpg - hb. Guétrot - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464733656 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/E7A0B0814C4D4142A56142B25E72001D; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); idem (P 04394320 - hb. E.G. & A. Camus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "Gerona, Sagaro [Sagaró]" (Gandoger 1917: 274, sub O. speciosa); "Rosas [Roses] ... San Guan de Aleares  [Sant Joan les Fonts, La Garrocha? / San Juan - Sant Joan, Baleares?], Llers [comarca del Alto Ampurdán]" (Beck 1930: 138); Hostalrich [Hostalric] (Montserrat 1957: 350); Campelles ... Cap a Can Nofre de Pardines ... Coll de la Casassa ... El Baell (Vigo 1983); "del Solsonès al Rosselló i a l'Alt Empordà ... Garrotxa" (Bolòs & Vigo, 1996: 509); "Ge" (Foley 2001: 51, sub O. crenata); Fortianell (Fortià [comarca: Alt Empordà]), 31TEG0276, 12 m sobre Vicia faba L. cultivo de habas, G. Moreno Moral MM0074/2010, 23.05.2010 (herb. Sánchez Pedraja 13574); "camp de faves a la Cellera de Ter." (photo by Lluís Llagostera, accessed Apr 2011).

Granada (Gr): "regno Granat. (in collibus Silla del Moro et Cerro del Sol pr. Granatam, Fk.!" (Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); "Silla del Moro y el Cerro del Sol (Funk), falda de Sierra Nevada (L. Seoane)" (Colmeiro 1888: 277, sub O. speciosa); Silla del Moro (Díez Tortosa 1907); "Riofrio [Riofrío, Loja], s. Elvira [Sierra Elvira, Cordillera Bética, Vega de Granada]" (Gandoger 1917: 274, sub O. speciosa); Granada (Palomeque & Sañudo 1981); "Gr" (Foley 2001: 51, sub O. crenata); "Flora Hispanica / Orobanche loricata Reichenb. / Hab.: Langs de weg van Granada naar de / Universitaire herberg in de Sierra Nevada / 1200-1300 m. / Leg. : Stud biol Rheno-Trai in itinere No. 746 / 5-VI-1962 / Det. J.A.W. Brak" (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/U.1469209 - U.1469209.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/2515618285; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2020); "Subbética Occidental: Sierra Parapanda, 15-III-1990, E. Bullejos, COA 17523. Sierra Elvira, 25-V-1991, P. Soto, COA 17524. Moclín, Cerrillo de la Solana, 27-IV-1996, J.F. Arcos, COA 22076. Carretera de Illora a Montefrío, VG 2128, 900 m, 21-IV-1983, Aroza et al., GDA 16814. Montillana, cortijo de las Juntas, 30SVG4147, 1120 m, 23-V-1970, C. Fernández López et al., JAEN 700163 (sub O. reticulata). Sierra de Mágina: Iznalloz, puerto de Onitar, 30SVG4744, 1060 m, 30-V-2000, C. Fernández López et al., JAEN 700204. Guadahortuna, cerro Atalaya, 30SVG6150, 1160 m, 3-VI-2000, E. Morales, JAEN 700991. Iznalloz, cortijo del Diablo, río Cubil, 30SVG5236, 760 m, 1-VI-2001, C. Fernández López et al., JAEN 610356. Serranía de Ronda: Sierra de Loja, Cerro de Las Monjas, 12- V-1989, J. Sánchez, COA 13823. Depresión de Granada: Silla del Moro, cerca del Aljibe de la lluvia, -1907-, J.L. Díez Tortosa, GDA 36793. Cogollos Vega, Las Horconas, 30SVG5327, 1350 m, 22-V-1988, O. Socorro et al., GDA 22368. Viznar, alrededores, 13-V-1975, T. Palomeque, JAEN 630653. Ventas de Huelma a Agrón, 1060 m, 24-VI-1975, T. Palomeque, JAEN 630632. Quéntar, alrededores, 9-V-1978, T. Palomeque, JAEN 630652. Sierras de Almijara, Guájares y Trevenque: Padul, 1-V-1987, J.J. Lara, COA 13654. Viznar a Alfacar, 1070 m, 13-VI-1978, T. Palomeque, JAEN 630650. Izbor, proximidades de la Venta de las Angustias, VF 5386, 550 m, 26-III-1978, J. Molero Mesa, GDA 11252 (sub O. caryophyllaceae Sm. en Molero Mesa & Pérez Raya, 1987: 266). Depresión de Guadix-Baza y Guadiana Menor: Cúllar a Galera, km 14, 30SWG3974, 920 m, 2-VI-2004, C. Fernández et al., JAEN 640696. Alpujarras bajas, Contraviesa y Sierra de Gádor: Motril, 24-III-1970, Fernández Casas, MA 412237. Entre Salobreña y Almuñécar, 26-III-1977, E. Ruiz de Clavijo et al., SEV 162873. Sierra Nevada y Filabres: Trevélez, cerca del río Trevélez, 30-VI-1990, A. Pujadas & P. Poyato, COA 13583. Laroles, 1150 m, 9-VI-1989, A. Hervás, GDAC 34734. Pampaneira, carretera de la Mina de la Virgen de Fátima, 7-IV-1978, Díaz et al., COFC 13036. Sierra de Baza: Baza, Fuentes de San Juan, 13-IV-1933, S. Rivas Goday, MAF 86256" (Pujadas & al. 2007: 113-114, sub O. crenata); Sierra Nevada, mayo 2010 (photo by macroinstantes.blogspot.com, accessed Apr 2011); "El Valle (30SVF4987). Growing by path around the Embalse De Beznar. 14/04/2006" (photo 3104255635 by Peter Greenwoods, accessed Apr 2011); photos sub Orobanche amethystea (Parque Natural Sierras de Alhama, Tejeda y Almijara, accessed Apr 2011).

Guadalajara (Gu): "Gu" (Foley 2001: 51, sub O. crenata).

Huelva (H): "Lepe, Moguer: sobre Vicia sp. (Huelva)" (Vicioso 1948: 75, sub O. crenata); "Crecit ad radices Medicago sp. in «Aracena (Huelva)» ubi floret Junii" (Vicioso 1948: 75-76, terra class. of O. clementei (MA 114898); Bayón 1986: 125, sub O clementei; Carlón & al. 2008: 113-114, sub O. crenata); "Sierra de Aracena: Aracena, 22-VI-1942, C. Vicioso, MA 114898 (holotypus para O. clementei). Aracena, cordillera, 25-IV-1978, J. Rivera, SEV 48493. Andévalo: Huerto de las Palomas, El Granado, 29SPB3352, 18-VI-2001, E. Sánchez Gullón, COA 33985. Campiña de Huelva y Condado-Aljarafe: Camino desde Dehesa de Bollullos a Dehesa de Garruchena, 24-IV-1994, S. Guitar & S. Arias, COA 17475. Litoral: Cartaya, 5-IV-1987, J. Oliveira, COA 13730. Lepe, 29SPB6225, 9-IV-2002, E. Sánchez Gullón & P. Weickert, COA 37568. Huelva, jardín, 29SPB8328, 15-IV-2003, E. Sánchez Gullón & P. Weickert, COA 37570. El Conquero, 29SPB8227, 25-IV-2003, E. Sánchez Gullón & P. Weickert, COA 37566. Almonte, Doñana, Matalascañas, 28-V-1980, S. Castroviejo & G. López, MA 435720" (Pujadas & al. 2007: 114, sub O. crenata); "H" (Foley 2001: 51).

Huesca / Uesca / Osca (Hu): "Colungo: parasitando a Vicia sativa cultivada, 460 m, 3lTBG5671, M. Sanz Elorza, JACA 230597 ... Somontano es la primera cita ... Huesca" (Sanz Elorza 1998: 198); "(Hu)" (Foley 2001: 51, sub O. crenata); Valle de Tena (photo by José Quiles, sub O. caryophyllacea, accessed Apr 2011).

Jaén (J): "Cambil, márgenes del río Bedmar, sobre Vicia sativa, 500 m., 8-VI-26; hacia Cambil [Comarca de Sierra Mágina], 800 m, sobre Trifolium pratense, 13-VI-26" (Cuatrecasas 1929: 429); "Flora Hispanica / Herb. Acad. Rheno-Trai / Orobanche loricata Rceichenbach / Sierra de Mágina, 27 km Z.O. van Jaén bij / wegsplitsing naar Huelma (prov. Jaén) aan de voet / van gebergte. ca. 600 m. / ... / 10-VI-1962 No 1239 / Det. J.A.W. Brak 15-I-1963" (U 1469210; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2018 [the sheet contains two specimens and these seem to correspond to O. crenata]); Jaén (Fernández López & Palomeque 1984); "J" (Foley 2001: 51); Mengíbar (Díaz & al. 2004: 356); "Molino Olmedo et al. (1995) aportan numerosas citas a las que añadimos las siguientes. Sierra Morena: Frailes, 14-IV-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13515. Sierra de Andújar, 413212 / 4214421, 27-IV-2004, L. Plaza & Ch. Velasco, COA 37520. Baños de la Encina, El Tesoro, 30SVH3527, 400 m, 10-VI-1984, J. Muñoz-Cobo, JAEN 841011. Guarromán a 1 km desde Linares, 30SVH4026, 9-VI-1993, C.Fernández & S. Peñafiel, JAEN 931595 (sub O. amethystea en Molino Olmedo et al., 1993: 47). Valle del Guadalquivir: Fuensanta de Martos, 23-V-1996, A. Lora & A. Pujadas, COA 22063. Jaén, Colegio Universitario, 30SVG3183, 340 m, 17-V-1984, M.A. Espinosa, JAEN 912924 (sub O. amethystea en Molino Olmedo et al., 1993: 47). Porcuna, 30SUG9692, 460 m, 10-VII-1990, J. Barranco & J. Bellido, JAEN 900607 (sub O. amethystea en Molino Olmedo et al., 1993: 47). Baños de la Encina, Navarredondo y Chopera, 30SVH3024, 320 m, 28-IV-1991, JAEN 911112 (sub O. amethystea en Molino Olmedo et al., 1993: 47). Jaén, carretera de Granada, Jardín Los Olivos, 30SVG3880, 500 m, 15-V-1993, C. Fernández López, JAEN 930799 (sub O. amethystea en Molino Olmedo et al., 1993: 47). Torredelcampo Arroyo de Mingo López, 30SVG1589, 320 m, 16-V-1993, C. Fernández et al., JAEN 930854 (sub O. amethystea en Molino Olmedo et al., 1993: 47). Subbética Occidental: Puerto de la Sierra Pandera, 1600 m, 12-VI-1991, A. Pujadas & A. Lora, COA 17509. Cañones de Puente de la Sierra, 19-V-1992, A. Pujadas & A. Lora, COA 17520. Sierra de Jabalcuz, 9-VI-1993, A. Pujadas et al., COA 17529. Jamilena a Martos, km 3, 21-V-2006, A. Pujadas & E. Triano, COA 37634. La Guardia de Jaén, c. cerro de Torre Bermeja, 30SVG4081, 540 m, 27-IV-1991, A. González, JAEN 910552 (sub O. amethystea en Molino Olmedo et al., 1993: 47). Sierra de Mágina: Campanil, ad ripas fl. Bedmar, 500 m, 8-VI-1926, Cuatrecasas, BC 46656. Bedmar a Torreón de Cuadros, 30SVG6484, 600 m, 15-VI-1995, A. Pujadas & A. Lora, COA 17662. Carchelejo, Ermita Santa Lucía, 23-V-1996, A. Pujadas & A. Lora, COA 22065. Garcíez, hacia la estación de Garcíez-Jimena, 30SVG5993, 400 m, 11-V-1996, M.A. Espinosa et al., JAEN 960306. Versus Cambil, 800 m, 13-VI-1926, Cuatrecasas, MAF 36169. Cazorla-Segura-Las Villas: Cazorla, zona de las Monjas, 12-IV-1992, J.A. Rodero, COA 17626. Bruñel-Quesada, 9-V-1997, P. Luque, COA 23744. La Iruela, Juntas del Murel, 30SVH9803, 560 m, 18-V-1994, J. Fernández Liencres, JAEN 944928 & JAEN 945489. Santiago de la Espada, prados en la cola del Embalse del Tranco, 30SVH1411, 640 m, 11-V-1980, C. Soriano, MA 457064. Depresión de Guadix-Baza y Guadiana Menor: Huesa, VG97, 500 m, 23-V-1979, C. Fernández López, JAEN 79683" (Pujadas & al. 2007: 114, sub O. crenata); La Iruela, orilla del Guadalquivir (Tejerina, pr. El Chaparral [Sierra de Cazorla]), 30SWH0803, 720 m, parasitando probablemente Medicago sp., G. Moreno Moral, 10-VI-2013 (obs.).

León (Le): (LEB 6644) [in error for O. amethystea (Carlón & al. 2002: 17, "Valderas")].

Lérida / Lleida (L / Ll): "Observavi ad Alfà" [Torrefeta i Florejacs / Torreflor, comarca de la Segarra]" (Bubani 1897: 252, sub O. speciosa); "del Solsonès al Rosselló i a l'Alt Empordà" (Bolòs & Vigo 1996: 509).

Málaga (Ma): "In prov. Malac. etiam pr. Ronda in rad. Fabae [Vicia faba L.], Reverch.! Majo 1890, exs. n. 535!" (Willkomm 1893: 187, sub O. crenata); "Alora [Álora, Valle del Guadalhorce], Bobadilla [Bobadilla Pueblo, Antequera], Colmenar [Axarquía-Costa del Sol], El Palo [Málaga], Igualeja [Serranía de Ronda], S. de Abdalajis [Sierra de Valle de Abadalajís], Velez [Vélez-Málaga, Axarquía-Costa del Sol]" (Gandoger 1917: 274, sub O. speciosa); "Ma" (Foley 2001: 51); "Sierra del Aljibe: Gaucín, ctra. a Jimena, límite provincial, 30S0285709 / 4039406, 87 m, 13-V-2007, A. Pujadas, COA 37652. Castelar, 10-IV-1976, T. Palomeque, JAEN 630664. Benarrabá, Los Pepes, 30STF9744, 150 m, 25-IV-2004, O. Gavira, MGC 61189. Algatocín, hacia Benalauría, 30STF9650, 800 m, 30-V-2004, O. Gavira, MGC 61190. Playas de Casares, 28-IV-1978, T. Luque et al., SEV 162882. Serranía de Ronda: Sierra de Torremolinos, 29-IV-1984, S. Pérez Sanz, MGC 16535. Sierra Blanca, cercanías a Ojén, 7-V-1982, Merino, MGC 11780. Alhaurín de la Torre, Sierra de Mijas, Los Caracolillos, 27-IV-1984, M. Lerga & A. Villadres, MGC 16534. Puerto Cabo Pino, Marbella, 22-III-1985, G. Michel, MGC 21242. Benaoján, carretera hacia Ronda, 30SUF0067, 460 m, 23-IV-1988, D. Montilla, MGC 40474. Axarquía: Casabermeja, 12-V-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13782. Colmenar, 15-VI-1992, J.A. Gómez, COA 22075. Guaro, 24-VI-1992, A. Pujadas et al., COA 13584. Nerja, c. Cuevas de Nerja, en Maro, 17-IV-1984, J.L. Fernández Alonso et al., MA 519947. Rincón de La Victoria, UF 8164, 27-IV-1984, P. Sáenz & Hidalgo, MGC 14009. Salida de Periana, 13-IV-1989, B. Cabezudo et al., MGC 29645. Depresión de Antequera: Antequera, a 15 km, 12-V-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13704. Cerca de Antequera, 28-IV-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13791. Sierra Yeguas, Cortijo Peñuelas, 11-VI-1996, M.A. Díaz, COA 19845. Salida de Antequera hacia Campillos, 17-V-1989, M.M. Trigo, MGC 29644. Sierra de Almijara, Guájares y Trevenque: Sierra Tejeda, subida al Pico Maroma, 25-V-1991, A. Pujadas et al., COA 17510. Alcucín, Sierra Tejeda, entre Alcaucín y el puente Don Manuel, 19-V-1982, J.M. Nieto & B. Cabezudo, MGC 41506" (Pujadas & al. 2007: 114-115, sub O. crenata); "À Benaoján - Malaga le Avril 2006 par Jean-Luc Tasset" (Tela Botanica, illustration, accessed, 26 March 2011); Orobanche crenata (Flora Vascular, accessed Apr 2011); Axarquía [Ajarquía], 10 Apr. 2010 (Orobanche crenata by Flora de la Axarquía 2, accessed Apr 2011); municipality of Montejaque, Ventenil (below Montejaque [Comarca de la Serranía de Ronda]), 30STF9968, 640 m, grassland at the roadside, G. Moreno Moral, 16 May 2011 (obs.); municipality of Ronda, below the Puerto de la Calerilla, near Montecorto [Comarca de la Serranía de Ronda], 30STF9972, 750 m, apparently parasitizing Vicia sp., Astragalus sp. y Medicago sp. at the roadside, G. Moreno Moral, 16 May 2011 (obs.); Benaoján, 30STF9966, 560 m, parásita de leguminosas en prado soleado sobre calizas, G. Moreno Moral, 1-V-2013 (obs.).

Murcia (Mu): (Rivera Nuñez & Obón de Castro 1993: 251 t. 2).

Salamanca (Sa): "Almenara de Tormes, 41°4′0″N 5°49′0″W, 11-VI-1977, J. Sánchez (SALA 17901, sub O. amethystea Thuill.; rev. sub O. crenata, A. Pujadas, II-2001; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, 14-VIII-2006); ibid., 22-VI-1978, J. Sánchez (SALA 17902, sub O. amethystea Thuill.; rev. sub O. amethystea Thuill., Foley, 1998 et A. Pujadas, II-2001; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, 14-VIII-2006)" (Carlón & al. 2008: 113, sub O. crenata); "However, widespread and heavy infections of O. crenata (as many as 20 broomrapes per m2) were identified in the spring of 2007 on lentil [Lens culinaris Medik.] and common vetch [Vicia sativa L.] growing in several fields in Salamanca Province, between La Vellés, Palencia de Negrilla, and Aldeanueva de Figueroa, covering an area of approximately 80 km2" (Rubiales & al. 2008: 1368, sub O. crenata); "...se ha producido recientemente una presencia considerables de O. crenata en zonas de Salamanca y Zamora, sobre cultivo de lenteja [Lens culinaris Medik.] y veza [Vicia sativa L.] ... Foto 4: Parcela de lentejas invadida por Orobanche crenata en Arcediano, Salamanca, año 2007 ... Foto 5: Parcela de lentejas invadida por Orobanche crenata en Palencia de Negrilla, Salamanca. Año 2008" (Boletín Fitosanitario 2009(02), 3 photo 1!, 5 photo 4!, 6 photo 5!, 7 photo 7!).

Sevilla / Seville (Se): "Sevilla (F. Nav. Colm.), Alcalá de Guadaira [Guadaíra] (Colm.)" (Colmeiro 1888: 277, sub O. speciosa); "Hispal. [Hispalis] (ad dos Hermanos [Dos Hermanas, depresión del río Guadalquivir.] sec. Beck)" (Willkomm 1893: 187, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); De Dos Hermanas hacia Sevilla (Pau 1895; Barras 1899); "Moron [Morón de la Frontera, Campiña de Morón y Marchena], Utrera [La Campiña, Bajo Guadalquivir]" (Gandoger 1917: 274, sub O. speciosa); "bei Sevilla" (Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata); Montellano (Ruiz de Clavijo & al. 1984); "Se" (Foley 2001: 51, sub O. crenata); "Sierra Morena: Las Navas de la Concepción, Guadalora, 7-V-1989, A. Vargas, COA 13779. Entre el cruce del embalse del Río Retortillo y Puebla de los Infantes, 6-V-1978, M. López et al., SEV 120069. Desviación de la carretera de Lora del Río a Constantina, 7-V-1978, M. López et al., SEV 119971. Constantina, 3-VI-1981, P. Escalza et al., SEV 120723. Campiña de Huelva y Condado-Aljarafe: Aznalcázar, 5-IV-1987, J. Álvarez, COA 13574. Entre Castilleja del Campo y Sanlúcar la Mayor, 20-VI-1978, S. Talavera & B. Valdés, SEV 162915. Cuesta de las Doblas, 19-V-1984, D. Cabezas et al., SEV 105375. Vega del Guadalquivir: Brenes, 5-V-1984, A. Lara, COA 13656. Vega de Lora del Río, 15-V-1989, E. Gómez, COA 13858. Sevilla, jardín de la Universidad, 26-III-1968, S. Silvestre & B. Valdés, SEV 110045. Coria del Río, 6-IV-1977, S. Silvestre, SEV 27875. Villaverde del Río, 6-V-1983, I. Redondo et al., SEV 119972. Litoral: Carretera Aznalcázar-Isla Mayor, 4-III-1977, F. García, SEV 162920. Valle del Guadalquivir: Mairena, 15-V-1984, A. Borrero, COA 13655. Utrera, 6-IV-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13670. Ecija a Herrera, Km 25, 5-IV-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13674. Lebrija a El Cuervo, Km 4, 6-IV-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13683. Osuna a Estepa, Km 10, 5-IV-1987, A. Pujadas, COA 13684. El Palmar, 6-IV-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13700. Cabezas de San Juan, 6-IV-1988, J. Oliveira, COA 13731. Como ya indicara Valdés (1987: 351) es muy frecuente en Valle del Guadalquivir pero también en Subbética Occidental y Serranía de Ronda de donde el mismo autor indica la presencia de O. reticulata, probablemente, por confusión con O. crenata puesto que muchos de los pliegos identificados bajo ese nombre corresponden a O. crenata" (Pujadas & al. 2007: 115, sub O. crenata); El Coronil, vertiente umbría de un pequeño cerro un poco al NE de la Venta del Palancar (entre Puerto Serrano y Montellano [La Campiña]), 30STF6992, 200 m, parásita de leguminosas, G. Moreno Moral, 1-V-2013 (obs.); Montellano, bajo el Cortijo de Montetruque (en cuneta de la ctra. A-361 de Montellano a Morón, pr. Montellano [Campiña de Morón y Marchena]), 30STG7099, 220 m, parásita de Vicia sp., G. Moreno Moral, 1-V-2013 (obs.).

Segovia (Sg): "Sg" (Foley 2001: 51, sub O. crenata).

Soria (So): "WL39: Almazán, AS [A. Segura Zubizarreta], 16-V-1970 (SEG 5101)" [MA-01-00358178] (Segura & al. 1998: 291); "So" (Foley 2001: 51, sub O. crenata).

Tarragona (T): entre Tarragona y Tortosa (Sennen 1909); "del Rosselló al Baix Ebre" (Bolòs & Vigo 1996: 509); "T" (Foley 2001: 51, sub O. crenata).

Valencia / València (V): "regno Valent. (pr. Játiva [Xàtiva] in colle Vernicia)" (Willkomm 1893: 187, sub O. crenata; Colmeiro 1888: 277, sub O. speciosa); "Játiva [Xàtiva]; abunda en los habares [Vicia faba L.] hasta en la misma Valencia" (Pau 1899: 443-444); "campos donde se cultivan las guijas [Lathyrus sativus L.], junto á Canals [Costera]" (Pau 1899: 444, loc. class. of O. crenata var. lactiflora Pau); "Canals [La Costera], Jativa [Xàtiva]" (Gandoger 1917: 274, sub O. speciosa); Játiva, ad rad. Faba vulgaris, 20-IV-1896, C. Pau, BC 821730 - Herbari Cadevall i MA 114908. Valle Játiva pr. Canals, ad rad. Lathyris sativi L., 8-VI-1896, C. Pau, MA 114909. Gandía, sobre Daucus carota (cultivada), B. Lázaro, MAF 36227. Sierra de la Murta, sobre habas, s/f, J. Borja, MAF 36265 (Pujadas 2001: 81); "Va" (Foley 2001: 51, sub O. crenata); "30SXJ7868, pr. El Campillo, margen de pista forestal, 730 m, E. Laguna & E. Sanchís v.v., 30.04.1986; ibid., E. Laguna, v.v., 16.05.1997" (Laguna 2009: 36).

Valladolid (Va) [unconfirmed]: "Valladolid (Pastor)" (Colmeiro 1888: 277, sub O. speciosa).

Vizcaya / Bizkaia / Biscay (Bi) [alien]: "O. speciosa DC., Algorta [municipality of Getxo, Biscay Province, Basque Country] (H. MA.)" (Guinea 1953: 363); "Orobanche crenata. Bizkaia: Galdames, Montellano, 30TVN8893, 240 m, parasitando Vicia faba, 28-06-2004, J. Valencia & S. Patino" (Patino!, pers. comm., 2006-02-21; Patino & al. 2009, online).

Zamora (Za): "...se ha producido recientemente una presencia considerables de O. crenata en zonas de Salamanca y Zamora, sobre cultivo de lenteja [Lens culinaris Medik.] y veza [Vicia sativa L.]" (Boletín Fitosanitario 2009(02), 3 photo 1!).

Zaragoza / Saragossa / Saragosse (Z): "Calatayud" (Vicioso 1912: 101, sub O. speciosa).

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Sudan / Sudán / Soudan / Судан [alien] (Babiker 2007, sub O. crenata)

"... and faba bean (Vicia faba L.), the major host of Orobanche crenata are grown, annually, on 40, 20 and 66 000ha, respectively mainly in the alluvial soils of the Nile valley ... Orobanche crenata was first reported in an area of 2ha in [Ed Debiba] Merowe governorate in the Northern State in 2000/2001 and subsequently in 2001/2002 in the River Nile State ... Orobanche crenata Forsk, was introduced recently as it was not reported prior to the year 2001 ... Ed Debiba ... El Gala ... Abu Dom ... Localized infestations were reported in Fetna, Umm Raheu and Ez Zuma island (60ha). The parasite has spread into El Selaim basin (the most important and productive area for faba bean in Sudan), Hamdab and Shereik (7.4ha), Nuri (0.5ha) Ed Duweim (1.26ha), Shatrab island (0.4ha) and Kuri island (57.12ha). Isolated infestation foci were also reported in the Nile States at El Joal and Bauga (40ha) in Berber governorate and at Maslamab Island Ed Damer governorate" (Babiker 2007, sub O. crenata).

Unknown location: "3 mai 1817 n.º 714 bis / Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. / Champs de pois chichen [Cicer arietinum L.] entre le village de el Kadam et el Alchrafie - Sud de Damar [Ad-Damir?, River Nile State, Abyssinia] / Gaillardet" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=558989 - G-BOIS 00769026.jpg - n° SIB 436307/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023).

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Sweden / Suecia / Suède / Schweden [alien] (Grenz & Sauerborn 2007, sub O. crenata)

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Syria / Sūriyya / Sūryā / Siria / Syrien (Reichenbach f. 1862: 91, sub O. speciosa; Willkomm 1870: 623, sub O. speciosa; Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata; Nábĕlek 1926: 38, sub O. crenata; Beck 1930: 138, sub O. crenata; Schiman-Czeika 1964: 19; Jafri 1978: 22)

Aleppo Governorate: "Orobanche pruinosa Lapeyr. / In agris Vicia Faba consitis pr. Aleppum. D. 10.Maj.1841. / Th. Kotschy. Pl. alepp. kurd. moss. 204. Ed. Hohenacker. 1843" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02968114 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02968114 - P 02968114.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437771906 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/7E75C9E1B77A4BD69C82E3E9439B637A; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013 [bad specimen]); "in Oriente prpe Aleppum (Kotschy! pl. alepp. n. 204)" (Reuter 1847: 19, sub O. pruinosa); "In agris Vicia Faba consitis prope Aleppum [Aleppo / Alepo / Berea / Beroea / Halab / Haleb] Kotschy!" (Reichenbach f. 1862: 91, sub O. speciosa); 1. "Orobanche / flor. albis / In Papilion. rad. parasit. / Aleppo / especies differente de O. speciosa / 6.4.65 // Hausskn. // Hk.". – 2. "Orobanche pruinosa / var. foliis minoribus" (https://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/chg/adetail.php?id=559000 - G-BOIS 00768856.jpg - n° SIB 436318/1; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2023); "Aleppo (Haussk.!)" (Boissier 1888: 357, sub O. speciosa); "Svedia, Haleb [Aleppum / Aleppo / Alepo / Berea / Beroea / Halab]" (Beck 1890: 228, sub O. crenata); "Syrien: ... Svedia, Haleb" (Beck 1930: 138); 1. "Orobanche crenata Forsk. = Orobanche speciosa DC. / Dertminavit ... 14.5.51 // Alep 10.5.38". – 2. "... / Plantes collectées par le Frère Louis / Herbier de Syrie et du Liban / donné par les F.F. Maristes d'Alep / en 1947" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p03810694 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03810694 - P 03810694.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/607533722 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/3BE74919B571437AB6C43A76BEB2E397; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2013); "Herbarium / old Dominion University / Norfolk, virginia 23508 / Orobanche crenata Forsk. ... Parasitizing: Vicia faba, Lens, and / Cicer. Fields of the Tal Hadya Station of the / International Center for Agricultural Research in / the Dry Areas; just N of Aleppo. / Lytton J. Musselman / 8 May 1984" (https://cdn.plantatlas.org/img/specimens/USF/197174.jpg - USF 197174.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/1697944578; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2019).

Homs Governorate: "736 Dr. Fr. Nábělek, Iter turcico-persicum 1909-10 / Orobanche crenata Forsk. / = O. speciosa DC. / ... / 26.IV.1909. / Loc. Gallilaea: ad Tell Kades / infra Safed; ad Viciam fabam / det.-leg. VIII.1914. Dr. Fr. Nábělek" (http://ibot.sav.sk/herbarium/object/SAV0003259 - SAV 0003259.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "Galilaea: ad Tell Kades infra oppidum Safed, ad Viciam fabam, alt. ca. 200 m. 25.IV.1909 (No. 736)" (Nábĕlek 1926: 38, sub