Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 23 October 2023


Accepted Name:

Phelipanche heldreichii (Reut.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972)

Basionymum / Basionym:

Phelypaea heldreichii Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 8 (1847) ["13. Phelipaea Heldreichii"]

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Orobanche heldreichii (Reut.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 116[-117], t. 2 f. 22 (1890)

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Phelypaea hohenackeri Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 10 (1847) ["Phelipaea"]. Syn.: Phelipanche hohenackeri (Reut.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972)

= Orobanche hohenackeri (Reut.) Tzvelev in Karjagin, Fl. Azerbaĭdzhana 7: 571 (1957). Syn.: Phelipanche hohenackeri (Reut.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972)

= Orobanche hohenackeri (Reut.) Tzvelev in V.L. Komarov, Fl. URSS 23: 63 (1958), comb. superfl. Syn.: Phelipanche hohenackeri (Reut.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972)

= Phelipanche hohenackeri (Reut.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972) (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017). Syn.: Phelypaea hohenackeri Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 10 (1847); Orobanche hohenackeri (Reut.) Tzvelev in Karjagin, Fl. Azerbaĭdzhana 7: 571 (1957); Orobanche hohenackeri (Reut.) Tzvelev in V.L. Komarov, Fl. URSS 23: 63 (1958), comb. superfl.; = Phelypaea ramosa var. crassipes Ldb., Fl. Ross. 3: 313 (1849) (Beck 1890. 97, sub O. mutelii; Beck 1930: 78; Tzvelev 1958: 63[59]); – Orobanche mutelii f. mutelii sensu Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 97 (1890), p.p.; – Phelypaea ramosa var. mutelii sensu Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 499 (1879). Ind. loc.: "Prope pagum Suwant [Zuvand / Zouvant, Talysh Mountains, Azerbaijan] Georgiiae Caucasicae (Hohen.!)". Lectotype et isolectotype LE s.n.!  (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017)

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= Phelypaea ramosa var. crassipes Ldb., Fl. Ross. 3: 313 (1849) ["δ crassipes"] (Beck 1890. 97, sub O. mutelii; Beck 1930: 78; Tzvelev 1958: 63[59]). Syn.: = Phelipanche hohenackeri (Reut.) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972) (Ledebour 1849: 313; Beck 1930: 78; Tzvelev 1958: 63[59]). Ind. loc.: "in provinciis caucasicis [in tractu Suwant provinc. Talüsch ! [Zuvand / Zouvant, Talysh Mountains, Azerbaijan (Zuvand, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran)] (Hohenack.)" (Ledebour 1849: 313)

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Misapplied names:

– Orobanche schultzii auct. pl., non Orobanche schultzii Mutel, Fl. Franç. 2: 352, 429 (1835)

– Orobanche coelestis auct. pl., non Phelypaea coelestis Reut. in DC., Prod. 11: 5 (1847) (Bornmüller 1910: 158, sub O. coelestis f. persica; Beck 1930: 94, sub O. coelestis)

– Phelypaea ramosa var. mutelii sensu Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 499 (1879) [p.p.], non Orobanche mutelii F.W. Schultz in Mutel, Fl. Franç. 2: 353 (1835) (Boissier 1879: 499; Beck 1930: 78). Ind. loc.: "regiones Caucasicas!"

– Orobanche mutelii f. mutelii sensu Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 97 (1890) [p.p.], non Orobanche mutelii F.W. Schultz in Mutel, Fl. Franç. 2: 353 (1835). Syn.: = Phelypaea hohenackeri Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 10 (1847) (Beck 1890. 97, sub O. mutelii). Ind. loc.: "Rerrit. Caucasi: prope Helendorf [Goygol / Shakashen / Xanlar / Chanlar / Elenendorf / Khanlar / Kol-Yelendorf / Yelenendorf, Azerbaijan] [Hohenacker ?]"

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Ind. loc.: "In arenosis planitiei prope Koniah in Cariâ interiore [Konya / Konia / Iconium / Ikónion, Konya Province, Lycaonia, Central Anatolia Region, Turkey] (de Heldreich 1845)" (Reuter 1847: 8).

Lectotypus / Lectotype: G 00150063 - n° SIB 137847/4 [Extract image n° 2]: 1. "891 / Orobanche / fleurs bleues claires –stigmate blanc / in arenosis / Koniah. 16 Juin 1845". – 2. "Phelipaea Heldreichii Reut. in DC. prod. [m. Reuter]". "Declaramos lectótipo al ejemplar más grande y ramificado del pliego formado por solo dos ejemplares [The G sheet contains two specimens and we have designated as lectotype to the largest and branched of the two of them]" and (G 00150063 - n° SIB 137847/4 [Extract image n° 1 (isolectotypes)] - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1144563663).

Designated by: Carlón, L., Gómez Casares, G., Laínz, M., Moreno Moral, G., Sánchez Pedraja, Ó. & Schneeweiss, G.M. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 45 (2008 [17 Jul 2008]).

Host: Eryngium sp. (Umbelliferae [Apiaceae]).

Eryngium L. Armenia (Fedtschenko ex Beck 1890: 117, sub O. heldreichii; Beck 1930: 93, sub O. heldreichii, "auf Eryngium ... (Fedtschenko!) ... Russisch-Armenien"), Iran (Bornmüller 1910: 158, sub O. coelestis f. persica; Beck 1930: 94, sub O. coelestis, "westlich vom Urumia-See [Lake Urmia] gesammelt, auf Eryngium schmarotzend [leg. Knapp]").

Eryngium billardierei F. Delaroche [= Eryngium nigromontanum Boiss. & Buhse]. Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 35), Israel (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/73329832 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3124509390 by Ron Frumkin in iNaturalist accessed Sep 2022).

Eryngium campestre L. Armenia (LE; ERE; ERCB; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 35), Azerbaijan (Rätzel & al. 2013: 243), Turkey (P. Coulot's sheet; habit; Coulot & al. 2008: 221 photo 13, 226, sub P. heldreichii; Coulot & al. 2013: 277, sub P. heldreichii).

Comments:

Morphological and taxonomic observations: This species is morphologically close to P. schultzii (Beck 1890: 117, "Gruppe der Trichocalyces (O. Schultzii, stricta, trichocalyx)"; Beck 1930: 93), however we have not any doubts about the independence of P. heldreichii.

Morphological observation: "Ph. pyramidali affinis sed..." (Reuter 1847: 8; Boissier 1879: 498). However, from our point of view, it is morphologically very different to Phelypaea pyramidalis Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 7 (1847).

Taxonomic observation: according to Zhang & Tzvelev in Flora of China 18 (1998) it is conspecific with "Orobanche coelestis (Reuter) Beck ... (1890)". In our opinion, that is just not true and it is morphologically very different to P. coelestis Reut.

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, G 00150063; b, lectotypus (ib.); c, lectotypus label (ib.); d, flower (Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 119, t. 2 f. 22. 1890); e, habit ["A Tortum, nous bifurquons pour Narman. Deux kilomčtres ŕ l’est de cette bifurcation, au bord de la route 955, un coteau calcaire xérique est incontestablement l’arręt le plus riche de tout le voyage (Erzurum [Erzurum Province, Eastern Anatolia Region, Turkey], 1543 m, UTM 37T0715016/4467109)"]; f, inflorescence (ib.); g, flowers (ib.); h, P. Coulot's sheet; e, Piwowarczyk & al. 2017: 236 f. 4

Distribution: Armenia, Azerbaijan, India [in error for P. libanotica (P. orientalis)], Iran, Iraq?, Israel and Turkey [terra class.] (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017).

"This species is apparently encountered only in Turkey" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 51[61]) and, perhaps, neighboring countries [Armenia (Beck 1930: 93, "See Göktscha [Ozero Sewan / Lake Sevan] auf Eryngium, im Juli (Fedtschenko!)")].

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien / Arménie / Әрмәнстан / Армения [former Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic [Armenian SSR] / Социалистическая Советская Республика Армения] (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017)

Aragatsotn Province / Арагацотнская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017)

Ararat Province / Араратская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017)

Gegharkunik Province / Гехаркуникская область: "Russisch-Armenien: am See Göktscha [Ozero Sewan / Lake Sevan] auf Eryngium, im Juli (Fedtschenko!)" (Beck 1890: 117, sub O. heldreichii; Beck 1930: 93, sub O. heldreichii); "Russisch-Armenien: am Göktscha See, im Juli (Fedtschenko!)" (Beck 1930: 94, sub O. coelestis); "O. heldreichii (Reut.) G. Beck was reported from the Caucasus on the basis of one poor specimen of O. coelestis from Lake Sevan, which was misidentified by Beck. Apparently, this species occurs only in Turkey." (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 51[61], sub O. coelestis); "Armenia-Kurdistan" (Novopokrovskii & Tzvelev 1958: 59, sub O. hohenackeri); (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017).

Kotayk Province / Котайкская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017)

Shirak Province / Ширакская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017)

Syunik Province / Сюникская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017)

Vayots' Dzor Province / Вайоцдзорская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017)

No precise location given: 1. "370 / Гербарий Ботанического института им. В. Л. Комарова Академии наук СССР / Orobanche bungeana G. Beck / Армения. / Белые цветки. / 1974.4.07 N. 25068 Собр. З. Никитичева [Z. Nikiticheva] / Опр. Э.С. Терёхин [det. E.S. Teryokhin]". – 2. "rev. Phelipanche cf. aegyptiaca / Holger Uhlich, Frankfurt/Main, Germany. 2018" (http://re.herbariumle.ru/01188541 - LE 01188541 [Record creation: 2022-07-13, Daria Yudova, PhotoScan D2]; Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2023 sub P. heldreichii [calyx-teeth are very long, longer than calyx-tube]).

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaďdjan [former Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic [Azerbaijan SSR] / Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика [Азербайджанская CCP] (Ledebour 1849: 313, loc. class. of P. ramosa var. crassipes; Beck 1890. 97, sub O. mutelii f. mutelii sensu Beck; Rätzel & al. 2013: 243; Piwowarczyk & al. 2017)

Goygol District / Göygöl rayonu / Гёйгёльский район [unconfirmed location]: "Rerrit. Caucasi: prope Helendorf [Goygol / Shakashen / Xanlar / Chanlar / Elenendorf / Khanlar / Kol-Yelendorf / Yelenendorf] [Hohenacker ?]" (Beck 1890. 97, sub O. mutelii f. mutelii sensu Beck).

Lerik District / Lerik rayonu / Лерикский район: "Azerbaijan: Talysh, NE side, c. 0.3 km NE of Mistan (S of Lerik), 38°38'46"N, 48°26'10"E (WGS 84), 1950 m, steppe (grazed), parasitic on Eryngium cf. campestre L. (root attachment verified), 27 May 2013, Rätzel, Ristow & al. (B, herb. & photo. Rätzel [Fig. 1]; det. Uhlich & Rätzel)" (Rätzel & al. 2013: 243).

Masally District / Masallı rayonu / Масаллинский район [unconfirmed location]: "Prope pagum Suwant [Zuvand / Zouvant, Talysh Mountains (Zuvand, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran)] Georgiiae Caucasicae (Hohen.!)" (Reuter 1847: 10, loc. class. of  P. hohenackeri; Piwowarczyk & al. 2017, loc. class. of  P. hohenackeri); "in provinciis caucasicis [in tractu Suwant provinc. Talüsch ! (Hohenack.)" (Ledebour 1849: 313, loc. class. of P. ramosa var. crassipes).

Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic / Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası / Нахичеванская Автономная Республика [formerly Нахичеванская АССР / Nakhichevan ASSR]

Babek District / Babək rayonu / Бабекский район (formerly Nakhchivan District): 1. "213 / Ботанический институт им. В. Л. Комарова [The Botanical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR [Komarov Botanical Institute] / Академии наук СССР / Музей. / Orobanche hirtiflora (Reut.) Tzvel / bungeana (?) / 6.VII.82 / Азербайджанская ССР. / Нахичеванская АССР. / Горы Каракузей [Mountains Karakuzey / Qaraquzey Dağı] в 3-4 км от / села Нижний Бузгов [Nizhny Buzgov, resort Ashagy-Buzgov / Ашагы-Бузгов, Babek District / Babək rayonu (formerly Nakhchivan District)]. Склоны. / на "прангосе [Prangos]" (другой хозяин о.м.у. № 161) / 27.5.1982. Собр. и орп. Э.С. Терехин [Teryokhin, Eduard Semenovich]. N 163". – 2. "rev. Phelipanche heldreichii / Holger Uhlich, Frankfurt.Main, Germany. 2018" (http://re.herbariumle.ru/01188544 - LE 01188544 [Record creation: 2022-07-13, Daria Yudova, PhotoScan D2.]; Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023 sub P. heldreichii [typical specimen on its typical host-plant, Eryngium]); 1. "213 / Ботанический институт им. В. Л. Комарова / Академии наук СССР / Музей. / Orobanche hirtiflora (Reut.) Tzvel / bungeana (?) / Азербайджанская ССР. / Нахичеванская АССР. / Горы Каракузей [Mountains Karakuzey / Qaraquzey Dağı] в 3-4 км от / села Нижний Бузгов [Nizhny Buzgov, resort Ashagy-Buzgov / Ашагы-Бузгов, Babek District / Babək rayonu (formerly Nakhchivan District)]. Склоны. / на "прангосе [Prangos]" (другой хозяин о.м.у. № 161) / 27.5.1982. N 163 Собр. и орп. Э.С. Терехин [Teryokhin, Eduard Semenovich] / 6.VII.82 [det.]". – 2. "Orobanche bungeana G. Beck / ... / 27.5.1982. N 163 Собр. и орп. Э.С. Терехин [Teryokhin, Eduard Semenovich] / 6.VII.82 [det.]". – 3. "rev. Phelipanche heldreichii / Holger Uhlich, Frankfurt.Main, Germany. 2018" (http://re.herbariumle.ru/01188542 - LE 01188542 [Record creation: 2022-07-13, Daria Yudova, PhotoScan D2.]; Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023 sub P. heldreichii [typical specimens on typical host-plant, Eryngium]); "184 / Ботанический институт им. В. Л. Комарова / Академии наук СССР / Музей. / Orobanche bungeana G. Beck / Азербайджанская ССР. Нахичеванская АССР. / Склон горы Каракузей в 3-4 км от села Нижний Бузгов [Nizhny Buzgov, resort Ashagy-Buzgov / Ашагы-Бузгов, Babek District / Babək rayonu (formerly Nakhchivan District)]. / 27.5.1982. N. 161. Собр. и орп. Э.С. Терехин [Teryokhin, Eduard Semenovich]" (http://re.herbariumle.ru/01188546 - LE 01188546 [Record creation: 2022-07-13, Daria Yudova, PhotoScan D2.]; Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2023, sub P. cf. bungeana).

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Greece / Grecia / Ελλάδα / Hellas [unconfirmed, see Phelipanche libanotica (P. orientalis), P. schultzioides, Phelypaea pyramidalis, P. orphanidis]

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209333 - WG (Gu 35518) - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2250641858 (Schneeweiss & al. 2004, sub O. cf. heldreichii (Reut.) G. Beck).

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India / Indien / Индия / 印度 [in error for Phelipanche libanotica (P. orientalis)]

Himalayas / Himalaya: "Herb. Ind. Or. Hook fil. T. Thomson / Phelipaea aegyptiaca Walp. / Hab. Himal. Bor. Occ.  Regio temp. [Zanshar / Zanskar] / alt. 5-7000 ped. Coll. J.J. [Leg.: T. Thomson s.n.]" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02982291 - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02982291 - P 02982291.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438770909 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/B517C8D8938A4D0CB06C6447D5748534; rev. as P. orientalis (Beck) Soják; Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2015).

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Iran / Irán / Иран [Persia / Persien] (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017)

East Azerbaijan Province [unconfirmed location]: "Prope pagum Suwant [Zuvand / Zouvant, Talysh Mountains] Georgiiae Caucasicae (Hohen.!)" (Reuter 1847: 10, loc. class. of  P. hohenackeri; Piwowarczyk & al. 2017, loc. class. of  P. hohenackeri); "in provinciis caucasicis [in tractu Suwant provinc. Talüsch ! (Hohenack.)" (Ledebour 1849: 313, loc. class. of P. ramosa var. crassipes).

Kurdistan Province: "Plants of the Orient, 1963; May 25. M. Jacobs 6682 / ... / Orobanche cf. coelestis Boiss. & Reut. / Nothern and western Iran. Place: 35ş03'N 46ş57' E. / Region: Kordestan; Sanandaj. Alt. 1200-1400 m. / Habitat: low rolling mountains... / Notes: stem yellowish at the base, dull dark violet at the top... / Expedition of the University of Minnesota..." (http://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2817704 - L.2817704.jpg; Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2019).

West Azerbaijan: "Standortsangabe fehlt; vermutlich westlich vom Urumia-See [Lake Urmia] gesammelt, auf Eryngium schmarotzend. Das einzige Individuum gehört der f. persica G. v. Beck an." (Bornmüller 1910: 158, sub O. coelestis [see O. coelestis f. persica Beck (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017)]).

Unknown location: Aucher-Eloy verteilte die Pflanze auch in seinem ťHerbier d'OrientŤ unter n. 5076 aus Persien? (Herb. Wien und St. Peterburg!) (Beck 1930: 93, sub O. heldreichii).

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Iraq / Irak / Ирак [needs be confirmed by future research]

Kurdistan Region

Dohuk Governorate: "725 / Dr. Fr. Nábělek, Iter turcico-persicum 1909-10 / Orobanche Aegyptiaca Pers. / 19.VI.1910 ... / Kurdistan bor.-orient.: mons Siares prope pagum Hašitha [Ashitha / Çığlı, Çukurca district, Hakkâri Province, Turkey?] / inter Amadiya et Gulamerik [G'ulamerik / Djulamerk / Çölemerik / Colemęrg / Hakkâri], alt. / ca. 1750 m. / Ad Phlomidem? leg. Dr. Fr. Nábělek / det VIII. 1914" (http://ibot.sav.sk/herbarium/object/SAV0003248 - SAV 0003248.jpg; Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2017 [border between Iraq and Turkey]).

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Israel and Palestinian territories [Palestine / Palaestina] [see also Phelipanche libanotica (P. orientalis)]

 Golan Heights: "Its not often you find broomrapes so to find this one, Orobanche cohenii, was quite special. [Hermon mountain on the Israeli border with Syria]" (https://es.pinterest.com/pin/374502525249009535/ et e0bda58b4fa75e3c69c16cdacd0443d4.jpg by Ron Dass; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2017 [apparently parasitizing on Eryngium sp.]); Mt. Hermon [Anti-Lebanon, Syria-Lebanon] (Photo 12970-573x1200.jpeg by Ron Gill in Flora of Israel Online by Prof. Avinoam Danin, sub O. schultzii; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2017 [apparently parasitizing on Eryngium sp.]); "Batha [Mount Lebanon Governorate, Lebanon], Phrygana" (photo 16573-851x1200.jpeg by Ron Frumkin in Flora of Israel Online by Prof. Avinoam Danin, sub O. schultzii; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2017 [apparently parasitizing on Eryngium sp.]); "Golan, IL [33°18'19.8"N 35°47'18.3"E - 33.305511, 35.788405]", 8 Jun 2006 ... "It grows near *Eryngium billardierei *(Apiaceae)" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/73329832 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3124509390 by Ron Frumkin in iNaturalist accessed Sep 2022).

Note: "P. schultzii also parasitises Apiaceae, including Distichoselinum sp., Elaeoselinum sp., Ferula sp., Foeniculum sp., and Thapsia sp., but is not known from Eryngium sp. (host of P. heldreichii) or Heracleum sp. (host of P. sevanensis)" (Piwowarczyk & al. 2017).

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Lebanon / Líbano / Liban (see Israel) [unconfirmed, see Phelipanche libanotica (P. orientalis)]

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Syria / Sūriyya / Sūryā / Siria / Syrien (see Israel) [unconfirmed]

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Turkey / Türkiye / Tuquía / Turkije / Турция (Reuter 1847: 8, sub P. heldreichii; Boissier 1879: 498, sub P. heldreichii; Beck 1890: 116, sub O. heldreichii; Beck 1930: 93, sub O. heldreichii; Gilli 1982: 10; Greuter & al. 1989: 259, sub O. heldreichii; Rabaute & al. 2007; Baytop & Tan 2008: 473; Carlón & al. 2008: 45, lectotype of Phelypaea heldreichii; Coulot & al. 2008: 221 photo 13, 226, sub P. heldreichii; Piwowarczyk & al., 2017 sub P. heldreichii)

Aegean_Region / Ege Bölgesi [unconfirmed]

Manisa Province: "Lydien: auf dem Berge Sipylus ober Magnesia [Mount Sipylus (Mount Spil, Manisa, Manisa-Salihli ancient capital of Lydia)], im Juni 1906 (Bornmüller!)" (Beck 1890: 116-117, sub O. heldreichii).

Central East Anatolia Region / Ortadoğu Anadolu Bölgesi

Hakkâri Province / Hakkâri ili: "725 / Dr. Fr. Nábělek, Iter turcico-persicum 1909-10 / Orobanche Aegyptiaca Pers. / 19.VI.1910 ... / Kurdistan bor.-orient.: mons Siares prope pagum Hašitha [Ashitha / Çığlı, Çukurca district, Hakkâri Province] / inter Amadiya [Dohuk Governorate, Iraq] et Gulamerik [G'ulamerik / Djulamerk / Çölemerik / Colemęrg / Hakkâri], alt. / ca. 1750 m. / Ad Phlomidem? leg. Dr. Fr. Nábělek / det VIII. 1914" (http://ibot.sav.sk/herbarium/object/SAV0003248 - SAV 0003248.jpg; Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2017 [border between Iraq and Turkey]).

Van Province: "Phelipanche heldreichii (Reut.) Beck / Collector Gilli, C. et al. 2014-06-28_54-98 / Date 2014-06-28 / Location Turkey / Van — 38°21'42.9"N 42°49'21.5"E 38.361920, 42.822640 / Turkey, Van province, Gevaş district, Surroundings of Lake Van, roadside on D300 between Değirmitaş and Yoldöndü [Kenzek]; about 3.2 km NW Değirmitaş; alt. 1830 m / det./rev./conf./assigned P. Schönswetter & C. Gilli (2014-06-27): Phelipanche cf. heldreichii / ident. history P. Schönswetter & C. Gilli (2014-06-27): Phelipanche cf. heldreichii / annotations DNA voucher" (WU - https://www.jacq.org/detail.php?ID=531543 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1142099107 [n.v.]).

Central Anatolia Region

Konya Province: Ťa) "891 / Orobanche / fleus bleues claires –stigmate blanc / in arenosis / Koniah. 16 Juin 1845". – b) "Phelipaea Heldreichii Reut. in DC. prod."ť (G 00150063 - n° SIB 137847/4 [Extract image n° 2], lectotype of Phelypaea heldreichii (Carlón & al. 2008: 45) and G 00150063 - n° SIB 137847/4 [Extract image n° 1 (isolectotypes)] - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1144563663); "In arenosis planitiei prope Koniah in Cariâ interiore [Konya / Konia / Iconium / Ikónion] (de Heldreich 1845)" (Reuter 1847: 8, loc. class. of Phelypaea heldreichii Reut.); "Lycaoniae [Lycaonia] circa Iconium (Heldr!)" (Boissier 1879: 498, sub P. heldreichii Reut.); "Asia minor, ubi in arenosis planitiei Lycaoniae prope Koniah c. d. Heldreich eam anno 1845 detexit (vidi in herb. suo)" (Beck 1890: 116, sub Orobanche heldreichii; Beck 1930: 93, sub O. heldreichii).

Eastern Anatolia Region

Erzurum Province: Turkey, WU: S&T. 7769, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/29123769 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AY209329 (Schneeweiss & al. 2004: 467, sub O. coelestis); "AY209329: Turkey, NE Anatolia, between Bayburt and Erzurum, 6-7 km WNW of Askale, 1700-1800 m, on Eryngium campestre (Apiaceae), GS [G. Schneeweiss] & CJ [Chang-Gee Jang] (WU: S&T. 7769)" (Carlón & al. 2005: 66, sub P. coelestis); A Tortum, nous bifurquons pour Narman. Deux kilomčtres ŕ l’est de cette bifurcation, au bord de la route 955, un coteau calcaire xérique est incontestablement l’arręt le plus riche de tout le voyage (Erzurum, 1543 m, UTM 37T0715016/4467109)" (P. Coulot's sheet; habit; Coulot & al. 2008: 221 photo 13, 226, sub P. heldreichii; Coulot & al. 2013: 277, sub P. heldreichii); "Phelipanche heldreichii (Reut.) Beck / Gilli, C. et al. 2014-06-30_85-195 / 2014-06-30 / Turkey: Erzurum — 39°32'09.9"N 40°57'14.2"E 39.536080, 40.953940 / Turkey, Erzurum province, Çat district, roadside on D950 between Bingöl and Erzurum; about 1.6 km NW Çirişli Köyü, alt. 1850 m / Xerothermic grassland / det./rev./conf./assigned P. Schönswetter & C. Gilli (2014-06-30): Phelipanche cf. heldreichii / ident. history P. Schönswetter & C. Gilli (2014-06-30): Phelipanche cf. heldreichii / annotations DNA-Voucher" (WU - https://www.jacq.org/detail.php?ID=531573 - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1142099107 [n.v.]).

Tunceli Province / Tunceli ili: "Pülümür [39°28'36.9"N 40°13'57.8"E 39.476922, 40.232731, Şampaşakaraderbent], 21 Jun 2023" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/170833666 by Mustafa Gökmen in iNaturalist accessed Oct 2023 [apparently parasitic on Eryngium sp.]).

Mediterranean Region

Kahramanmaraş / Maraş Province: "etiam in Cataoniae dumetis ad montem Berytdagh 7000' s. m. c. d. Haussknecht collegit. (Vidi in herb. Vindob.)" (Beck 1890: 116-117, sub O. heldreichii); "Cataonien: in Buschwerken am Berge Berytdagh [Berit Da / Berit Dağı / Berit Mountain, near Kınıkkoz / Kinikkoz / Topçular and Göksun] bei 7000' ü. M. (Haussknecht! in Herb. Wien)" (Beck 1930: 93, sub O. heldreichii); ibidem (Gilli 1982: 10, sub O. heldreichii); "C6 Kahramanmaraş: Süleymanlı, Okkayası, 1200 m, 17 v 1978, Yıldız. 1863, Ir.-Tur." (Yıldız [Yildiz] 2001: 93, sub O. heldreichii (Reuter) G. Beck).

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