Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 28 May 2024


Accepted Name:

Phelipanche purpurea subsp. ballii (Maire) Carlón, G. Gómez, M. Laínz, Moreno Mor., Ó. Sánchez & Schneew. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 104 (2008 [17 Jul 2008]) comb. nov. [transl. nov.] (Dobignard & Chatelain 2013: 24; https://www.ipni.org/n/77097475-1)

Basionymum / Basionym:

Orobanche purpurea var. ballii [Ball ex] Maire in Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc. 21-22 [21]: n.ş 617 [12 (12)] (1930 [30 Apr 1930]) ["Ballii Maire, n. var."] (Dobignard & Chatelain 2013: 24). Ind. loc.: Morocco: "Hab. ad radices Ormenidis scariosae (Ball.) Lit. et Maire [Cladanthus scariosus (Ball) Oberpr. & Vogt] in convallibus Atlantis Majoris: in ditione ditione Reraya [Reraďa (Rhirhaďa / Ghighaya, High Atlas / Haut Atlas, Marrakesh-Tensift-El Haouz)] prope Arround; in ditionis Mesfioua monte Aouljdid [Tidili Mesfioua, High Atlas / Haut Atlas, Al Haouz Province]". Obs. "Phelipaea caerulea C. A. M. var. Ball. spicil., p. 603. A typo recedit praecipue corollae labii superioris lobis rotundatis emarginatis, labii inferioris lobis rotundatis vix nevix [vix aut ne vix] acuminatis" (Maire 1930: 12; https://www.ipni.org/n/77097470-1)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Phelypaea caerulea (Vill.) C.A. Mey. var. "[unnamed]" Ball in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16 (96-97): 603 (1878 [17 Jun 1878]), nom. illeg. Ind. loc.: Morocco: "Specimen unicum in convalle Aďt Mesan [Ait Mesan / Aďt Mizan valley (Grand Atlas / High Atlas / Haut Atlas), above Arround village, N 31° 7' 48'' W 7° 55' 12'', Marrakech-Safi)] legit J. D. H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker]" . Obs. "Ar. Geog. ... Praeter sp. nostrum ex Africa non vidi [our species has only been seen in Africa] ... Specimen Hookerianum a typo differt ... corollae labi inferioris lobis late ovatis vix aut ne vix acutis." (Ball 1878: 603)

Orobanche ballii (Maire) Domina in Pl. Biosystems 147(3): 763 f. 2a (2013 [1 Sep 2013]) [Published online: 22 Aug 2013], nom. inval. (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 11.2) [https://www.ipni.org/n/77134124-1]

Phelipanche ballii (Maire) Domina in Willdenowia 47: 93 (2017 [23 Mar 2017]), nom. inval. (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 11.2) [https://www.ipni.org/n/77162327-1]

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Heterotypic synonyms:

= Phelypaea atlantica Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 103 (1874) [Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 11: 103 (1874 [post 10 Mar 1874])] ["Phelipaea atlantica Pom. h." (in sched.)], in sched., unpublished name. Syn.: Phelipanche atlantica Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 103[-104] (1874)

= Phelipanche atlantica Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 103[-104] (1874) [Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 11: 103[-104] (1874 [post 10 Mar 1874])] (Battandier 1890: 656, sub Ph. arenaria Walpers). Syn.: Parabanche caerulea var. atlantica Pomel (1860 [24 May 1860]), in sched., nom. nud.; Phelypaea atlantica Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 103 (1874), in sched., unpublished name; ? = Orobanche arenaria f. stenosepala Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 130 (1890) (Beck 1930: 105). Ind. loc.: Algeria: "Sur Artemisia campestris: Mou-el-Gtouta [au S. de Tiaret (Tiaret Province), Hauts plateaux Oranais, Oran department (see https://dz.geoview.info/zip/20002_el_gtouta)]". Herbarium Specimens: 1. "Parabanche caerulea / var. atlantica / itima 25 mai 60 [m. Pomel]". – 2. "... Orobanche laevis L. / = Phelipanche atlantica Pomel! (Type!) / O. Itima, Mou-el-Gtouta / 25-5-1860  leg. A. Pomel [m. Maire]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu008101 - MPU 008101.jpg - herb. Pomel - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424544992; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2017, holotype of Phelypaea atlantica); "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Phelipaea hirsuta purpurea (Jacq.) Asch. arenaria  Walp. / var. atlantica n. var. / M. Grand Atlas, Ourika [Ourika Valley, High Atlas / Haut Atlas, Al Haouz Province]: pâturages / sur les gres au dessus d’ Anfegeďn [Asguine], lieux / humides, 2100-2200 m  9-7-1921 / Corolle bleue / stigma blanchâtre Dr. R. Maire" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04363437 - P 04363437.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/442649783 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/174DE444D6874265AD939722D4949792; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011)

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= Parabanche caerulea var. atlantica Pomel (1860 [24 May 1860]) [in sched., unpublished name]. Syn.: Phelipanche atlantica Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 103[-104] (1874)

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? = Orobanche arenaria f. stenosepala Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 130 (1890). Syn.: ? = Phelypaea atlantica Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 103[-104] (1874) [Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 11: 103[-104] (1874 [post 10 Mar 1874])] (Beck 1890: 19; Beck 1930: 105)

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Misapplied names:

– Orobanche purpurea auct., non Orobanche purpurea Jacq., Enum. Stirp. Vindob.: 108, 252 (1762) (e.g., Domina & Raab-Straube 2010)

– Phelypaea arenaria auct., non Orobanche arenaria Borkh. in Neues Mag. Bot. 1: 6 (1794) (e.g., Battandier 1890: 657, sub Phelippaeae arenaria, p.p. ["Ph. atlantica Pomel"])

Phelypaea caerulea auct. div. [saltem p.p.], non Phelypaea caerulea (Vill.) C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831) (e.g., Battandier 1890: 657, sub Phelippaeae caerulea)

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Ind. loc.: Morocco, Marrakech-Safi, "Specimen unicum in convalle Aďt Mesan [Ait Mesan / Aďt Mizane / Aďt Mizan valley, Imlil (Grand Atlas / High Atlas / Haut Atlas), above Arround village, N 31° 7' 48'' W 7° 55' 12''] legit J. D. H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker]" (Ball 1878: 603).

"Protologue data: ad radices Ormenidis scariosae (Ball) Lit. et Maire in convallibus Atlantis Majoris: in ditione Reraya [Rhirhaďa / Ghighaya] prope Arround; in ditionis Mesfioua monte Aouljdid [Djebel Bou Ourioul]." (Domina & al. 2013).

Holotypus / holotype: K - "Arround! (J.D. Hooker 32)" (Ball 1878: 603, "Specimen unicum"; Beck 1930: 108, "in herb. Kew (typus)"; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 694; Carlón & al. 2008: 106).

"Lectotype (designated here): Dr R. Maire Iter Maroccanum Octavum, 1924 / “Orobanche purpurea Jacq. var. Ballii Maire / in Atlantis majoris ditione Mesfioua: in pascuis rupestr. granit. mont. Aouljdid [Djebel Bou Ourioul], 2000-2300 m / 12.7” [manu Maire] (MPU - 2116)." (Domina & al. 2013).

Designated by: Ball in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16 (96-97): 603 (1878 [17 Jun 1878], "Specimen unicum"). Lectotype designated by Domina, Greuter, P. Marino & P. Schäf. in Pl. Biosystems 147(3): 763 f. 2a (2013 [1 Sep 2013])

Host: This species has been reported in Morocco as parasitic on Cladanthus scariosus (Ball) Oberpr. & Vogt [ Santolina scariosa Ball; Ormenis scariosa (Ball) Litard. & Maire; Chamaemelum scariosum (Ball) Benedí] and even more rarely on Achillea ligustica All. [= A. sylvatica Ten.] (Maire 1930: no. 617 [12]; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 694; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed Aug 2009). In Algeria on Artemisia campestris L. (MPU 261551.jpg - hb. Maire).

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Comments:

Chorological observations: P. purpurea subsp. ballii is a Algerian-Moroccan endemic species: "Ar. Geog. ... Praeter sp. nostrum ex Africa non vidi" (Ball 1878: 603); "spécial au Maroc" (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 693).

Morphological observations: "Phelipaea caerulea C.A.M. var. Ball. spicil., p. 603. A typo recedit praecipue corollae labii superioris lobis rotundatis emarginatis, labii inferioris lobis rotundatis vix nevix [vix aut ne vix] acuminatis" (Maire 1930: no. 617 [12]). "Ph. purpurea subs. ballii (Maire), comb. et stat. nov. (taller plants with rounded not apiculated lower lip lobes) is the geographic race occurring in the Atlas Mountains (Morocco) as a parasite of Cladanthus scariosus (Compositae)." (Carlón & al. in Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 7, 104. 2008). The taxon is more variable than the type could make us think, "La existencia de lo que parecen transiciones morfológicas es precisamente una de las razones que nos han decidido a optar en estos cuatro casos por el rango subespecífico." (Carlón & al. 2008: 105).

Taxonomic observations: "Note: The large rounded lobes of the lower lip of the corolla distinguish this taxon from O. purpurea Jacq., justifying its reevaluation as an independent, distinct species. Extensive field surveys can clarify the taxonomic relation of this taxon with Phelipanche purpurea subsp. millefolii (Rchb.) Carlón et al. recently revaluated (Carlón et al. 2008)" (Domina & al. 2013).

If we rise Phelipanche purpurea subsp. ballii (Orobanche purpurea var. ballii [Ball ex] Maire (1930)) to the species rank then the priority name is Phelipanche atlantica Pomel (1874) because it is the earliest available name at that rank.

Chromosomatic number:

Ic.: a, MPU 002115 - Maire (Reraya, Morocco); b, MPU 002115 - Maire (flowers; Reraya, Morocco); c, MPU 002116 (mont. Aouljdid [Djebel Bou Ourioul], Morocco, lectotype (Domina & al., 2013)); d, MPU 002116 (label and flower section; mont. Aouljdid, Morocco lectotype (Domina & al. 2013)); e, Grand Atlas / High Atlas: Ourika [Al Haouz Province, Morocco] (P 04363437 - hb. Maire); Grand Atlas / High Atlas: Imlil, Oued Rhirhaďa, Morocco (WAG 1141509).

Distribution: Mediterranean Region distribution (Algeria and Morocco); Maroccan distribution.

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Algeria / الجزائر‎ / Argelia / Algérie / Algerien (Pomel 1874: 103[-104], loc. class. of Phelipanche atlantica; Battandier 1890: 657, sub Phelippaeae arenaria, p.p. [incl. "Ph. atlantica"], Medjahdi & al. 2009: 68, "G., (O2 et AS3), R.", sub O. purpurea)

Batna Wilaya-Khenchela Wilaya: "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Phelipaea arenaria Walp. / Orobanche / sur Artemisia campestris L.? / C. Aurčs, Sgag [foręt de Sgag / Foręt du S'Gag / foręt Legag?, Djebel Chélia, Aurčs Mountains, Saharan Atlas]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu261551 - MPU 261551.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424916004 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/17AFC703F9ED43758CA27D6F16D39AC9; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2017); "Batna" (Battandier 1890: 657, sub Phelippaeae arenaria, p.p.).

Souk Ahras Wilaya: "Plantes du. Djebel Chechar et de l'Oued-el-Arab / (Aurčs oriental) / Phelipaea lavandulacea / Ksar Djelail [near Zaarouria] / Le 10 avril-mai 1872 / V. Reboud" (GRM 040227 - http://mediaphoto.mnhn.fr/media/1521475646504DKf3br0sD1swgQ7j - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/3435670579 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A4B1087822A846A2A79CD1FA4EC6BB07; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Oct 2022).

Tiaret Wilaya: 1. "Parabanche caerulea / var. atlantica / itima 25 mai 60 [m. Pomel]". – 2. "... Orobanche laevis L. / = Phelipanche atlantica Pomel! (Type!) / O. Itima, Mou-el-Gtouta [au S. de Tiaret, Hauts plateaux Oranais, Oran department] / 25-5-1860  leg. A. Pomel [m. Maire]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu008101 - MPU 008101.jpg - herb. Pomel - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424544992; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2017, holotype of Phelipanche atlantica); "Sur Artemisia campestris: Mou-el-Gtouta [au S. de Tiaret, Hauts plateaux Oranais, Oran department (see https://dz.geoview.info/zip/20002_el_gtouta)]" (Pomel 1874: 103[-104], loc. class. of Phelipanche atlantica).

No precise location given: "et peut-ętre sur les Achilloea des montagnes du Sudoranais [Atlas Mountains]" (Battandier 1890: 657, sub Phelippaeae caerulea).

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Morocco / المغرب‎, / Marruecos / Maroc / Marokko (Ball 1878: 603, loc. class. of Phelypaea caerulea var. "[unnamed]"; Battandier 1890: 657, sub Phelippaeae caerulea; Maire 1930: n.ş 617 [12 (12)], loc. class. of Orobanche purpurea var. ballii; Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea; Emberger & Maire 1941: 1129; Carlón & al. 2008: 104 6, loc. class. of P. purpurea subsp. ballii; Dobignard & Chatelain 2013: 24)

Fčs-Meknčs / Fez-Meknes [unconfirmed]

Ifrane Province [unconfirmed]: 1. "Plantae Maroccanae Exsiccatae / ... / J.J.F.E. et  P.A.W.J. de Wilde et  J. Dorgelo / Orobanche sp. / Cedrus forest SW Ain-el-Leuh [Ain Leuh], of / road Azrou-Khenifra, 110 km SSW Fez / No. 2659B Die: 29-5-1961 / Fl. light blue. Bare slopes outside / Cedrus forest near Maison forestičre de / Ouiouane". – 2. "Orobanche purpurea Jacq. ? / Det. F.M. Muller 1982 ..." (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141512 - WAG 1141512.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2515854863; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2024, cf.).

Marrakech-Safi

Al Haouz Province: "in convalle Aďt Mesan [Ait Mesan / Aďt Mizane / Aďt Mizan valley, Imlil (Grand Atlas / High Atlas / Haut Atlas), above Arround village, N 31° 7' 48'' W 7° 55' 12''] legit J. D. H. [Joseph Dalton Hooker]" (Ball 1878: 603; Battandier 1890: 657, sub Phelippaeae caerulea); «im Tale Ait-Mesan (Hooker nach Ball [1877-1878]...)» (Beck 1930: 108, sub O. purpurea); «Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / Phelipaea caerulea (Vill.) C.A.M. / Grand Atlas: Ourika [Ourika Valley, High Atlas / Haut Atlas, Al Haouz Province: pâturages sur / les gres permiens prčs d’ Anfegeďn [Asguine], lieux / humides, 2100-2150 m. - sur Achillea ligustica L. ?, 9-7-1921 / Corolle bleue / stigma blanchâtre Dr. R. Maire" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu191379 - MPU 191379.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424893432 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/EF465A1AF4E249FE9242E74EE691DFF2; rev. L. Carlón & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 2006-2007) (Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 694); "Université d'Alger / Herbier de l'Afrique du Nord / Phelipaea hirsuta purpurea (Jacq.) Asch. arenaria  Walp. / var. atlantica n. var. / M. Grand Atlas, Ourika [Ourika Valley, High Atlas / Haut Atlas, Al Haouz Province]: pâturages / sur les gres au dessus d’ Anfegeďn [Asguine], lieux / humides, 2100-2200 m  9-7-1921 / Corolle bleue / stigma blanchâtre Dr. R. Maire" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04363437 - P 04363437.jpg - hb. Maire - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/442649783 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/174DE444D6874265AD939722D4949792; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Nov 2011); "Dr. R. Maire - Iter maroccanum octavum / 1924 / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / var. Ballii Maire / In Atlantis Majoris ditione Reraya [Reraďa (Rhirhaďa / Ghighaya, High Atlas / Haut Atlas, Marrakesh-Tensift-El Haouz)]: / pr. Arround ad radices Ormenidis scariosa / 1950 m / 24-7-[1924]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu002115 - MPU 002115.jpg - hb. Maire - https://mediaphoto.mnhn.fr/media/1442344076112O5OcQvycBeSXD5n9 - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424539027; rev. L. Carlón & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 2006-2007) (Maire 1930: n.ş 617; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 694); «ditione Mesfioua: in pascuis rupestr. granit. mont. Aouljdid [Djebel Bou Ourioul / Jbel Iblouzn / Adrar Tircht], 2000-2300 m. / 12-7-[1924]» (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu002116 - MPU 002116 - http://mediaphoto.mnhn.fr/media/1442344077800air7g0sOG48R74FR - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1424539004; lectotype of O. purpurea var. ballii; rev. L. Carlón & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 2006-2007) (Maire 1930: no. 617 [12]; Jahandiez & Maire 1934: 694); "Dr. R. Maire - Iter maroccanum octavum / 1924 / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / var. Ballii Maire / In Atlantis Majoris ditione Mesfioua / in pascuis rupestr. granit. mont. Aouljdid [Djebel Bou Ourioul / Jbel Iblouzn / Adrar Tircht], 2000-2300 m / 12.7 [.1924]" (http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p02274514 - P 02274514.jpg - hb. Maire - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/1212579878; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020); "Plantae Maroccanae Exsiccatae / a Herbario Vadensi distributae / J.J.F.E. et P.A.W.J. de Wilde et J. Dorgelo collectores / Orobanche spec.  Orobanchac. / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / Imlil, 1700 m. alt. 18 km SE of / Asni. Haut Atlas. / No: 2255 Die: 10-5-1961. / Data: Fl. purple-blue. In riverbed of Oued Reraďa [Oued Rhirhaďa]. partly dry" (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141509 - WAG 1141509.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2517415076; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2017); "terrases et pâturages de l'assif Leqaq [Assif Aďt Leqaq river, Oukaďmeden, Parc national de Toubkal, on Cladanthus scariosus (Ball) Oberpr. & Vogt ?]" (Atlas bota 2016/05/orobancherameuse.pdf; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Mar 2020).

Souss-Massa

Taroudant Province - Al Haouz Province: 1. "Flora of Morocco No. B2913 / Orobanche purpurea Jacq. / var. Ballii Maire / Tizi-n-Test! [Tizi n' Test pass, High Atlas / Haut Atlas] 6500 ft. / on Isatis tinctoria / Collector: E.K. Balls. Date: 25.6.1936". – 2. "! / 1966 rev. A. Gilli" (https://data.rbge.org.uk/herb/E01286657 - E 01286657.zip - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4420517700; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2024, cf.); Tizi-n-Test! [Tizi n' Test pass, High Atlas / Haut Atlas, Al Haouz Province] (Emberger & Maire 1941: 1129, «G[rand] A[tlas]: Tizi-n-Test! [Tizi n' Test pass] sur Isatis tinctoria (Balls)» [very doubtful host record]).

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References.

Apd - African Plants Database (version 3.4.0). Orobanchaceae. CJB - Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Villle de Genčve and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. URL: http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/ - http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/details.php?langue=an&id=227444 (accessed Jul 2013).

Ball, J. 1877-1878. Spicilegium florae Maroccanae. London (Taylor and Francis). Extr. Linn. Soc. J. Bot. 16: 281-376 (29 Nov 1877), 377-472 (10 Jan 1878), 473-568 (27 Feb 1878), 569-772 (17 Jun 1878) [J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16(93): 281-376, pl. 9-15 (29 Nov 1877); 16(94): 377-472, pl. 16-20 (10 Jan 1878); 16(95): 473-568, pl. 21-26 (27 Feb 1878); 16(96-97): 569-772, pl. 27-28 (17 Jun 1878)]. URL: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/8369.

Battandier, J.A. 1890 [Dec 1890]. Orobanchées Jussieu. In: Battandier, J.A. & Trabut, L.Ch. 1888-1897. Flore de l'Algerie. Flore de l'Algerie. Ancienne flore d'Alger transformée, contenant la description de toutes les plantes signalées jusqu'ŕ ce jour comme spontanées en Algérie par Battandier et Trabut professeurs ŕ l'École de Mčdecine et de Pharmacie d'Alger. Dicotylédones. Alger: Typographie Adolphe Jourdan; Paris: Libraire F. Savy 77, Boulevard Saint-Germain, 77 (Alger.—Typographie Adolphe Jourdan), pp. 655-664. [Fl. Algérie (Dicot.)]. URL: https://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/idurl/1/10763.

Carlón, L., Gómez Casares, G., Laínz, M., Moreno Moral, G., Sánchez Pedraja, Ó. & Schneeweiss, G.M. 2008 [17 Jul 2008]. Más, a propósito de algunas Phelipanche Pomel, Boulardia F. W. Schultz y Orobanche L. (Orobanchaceae) del oeste del Paleártico [More on some Phelipanche Pomel, Boulardia F.W. Schultz and Orobanche L. (Orobanchaceae) from the western Palearctic.]. Documentos Jard. Bot. Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 1-128 (in Spanish, plus an enlarged abstract in English).

Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. 2013 [Jun 2013]. Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du Nord 5 (Dycotyledoneae: Oleaceae - Zygophyllaceae). Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques Ville de Genčve. Publication hors-série n° 11d. ISBN: 978-2-8277-0128-5. [Orobanchaceae: 11-31]. URL: http://www.floramaroccana.fr/files/downloads/INDEX_FAN_5.pd.

Domina, G. & Raab-Straube, E. 2010. Orobanche purpurea (Phelipanche purpurea subsp. ballii) - Orobanche ballii - Phelipanche balii. Orobanchaceae. In: Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (accessed Mar 2012, Nov 2013 and Jul 2017).

Domina, G., Greuter, W., Marino, P. & Schäfer, P.A. 2013 [1 Sep 2013 (22 Aug 2013 online)]. Types of names of Orobanche taxa described from North Africa. Pl. Biosystems 147(3): 758-766.

Domina, G. 2017 [Apr 2017 (23 Mar 2017 online)]. Orobanchaceae: 92-94. In: Raab-Straube, E. & Raus, T. (ed.) 2017. Euro+Med-Checklist Notulae, 7 [Notulae ad floram euromediterraneam pertinentes No. 36]. Willdenowia 47: 89-96. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.47.47112.

Emberger L., Jahandiez, E. & Maire, R. 1932-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. Mém. H.s. Soc. Sc. Nat. Maroc, Imp. Minerva, Alger, 4 vol.

GBIF (The Global Biodiversity Information Facility). GBIF Online Resource Centre. Search. Orobanchaceae. URL: http://www.gbif.org/species/3728915 (accessed Nov 2017).

Jahandiez, É. & Maire, R. 1934 [Nat. Nov Jun 1934]. Catalogue des Plantes du Maroc 3 (Dicotylédones Gamopétales et Supplément aux volumes 1 et 2). Alger. Imprimerie Minerva. En Vente ŕ Paris, chez P. Lechevalier, libraire 12, Rue de Tournon (6ş), pp. [i], [xli]-lvii, [559]-913. [Orobanchaceae: 693-700]. URL: https://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/idurl/1/13176. (TL-2: 417 n. 3271).

Medjahdi, B., Ibn Tattou, M., Barkat, D. & Benabedli, K. 2009. La flore vasculaire des Monts des Trara (Nord Ouest Algérien). Acta Bot. Malacitana 34: 57-75. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24310/abm.v34i0.6917. URL: https://revistas.uma.es/index.php/abm/article/view/6917/6445.

Maire, R. 1929 [1930]. Contributions ŕ l’étude de la Flore de l’Afrique du Nord, fasc. 15. Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22 [21]: no. 574-650 [pp. 1-19]. URL: https://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/idurl/1/12470.

MNHN (Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle), Paris (France). Vascular plants (P). Orobanchaceae. URL: https://science.mnhn.fr/all/search - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/search - http://coldb.mnhn.fr/catalognumber/mnhn/p/p04363437 [permalink]... - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04363437 [browser link]... - http://mediaphoto.mnhn.fr/media/1441355439571h8qd1WZlciWi7p0f [image link]... (accessed Nov 2015).

MPU (Herbier Montpellier Université). Univ. Montpellier - Inst. of Botany (MPU). URL: https://collections.umontpellier.fr/ - https://collections.umontpellier.fr/collections/botanique/herbier-mpu/base-herbier-mpu - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/search - https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/um/collection/mpu/item/mpu261551 [browser link]... - http://mediaphoto.mnhn.fr/media/1480070603341FNZaWMR3rhvFIdLr [image link]... (accessed Nov 2017).

Naturalis - Nationaal Herbarium Nederlands - Botany Section (AMD - L - WAG). BioPortal. Naturalis Biodiversity Center (NL). URL: https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141509 [permalink]... - http://medialib.naturalis.nl/file/id/WAG.1141509/format/large [image link]... (accessed Jun 2017).

Pomel, A.N. 1874-1875[1876]. Nouveaux matériaux pour la flore atlantique ... Paris: Savy, libraire éditeur, rue Hautefeuille, 24; Alger: Juillet St-Lager, éditeur, rue Bab-Azoun (Alger. Imprimerie V. Aillaud et Cie., rue des Trois-Couleurs, 19). 1874-1875. [Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.]. Part. 1, pp. i-iii, 1-260 in Bull. Soc. Climatol. Alger 11 (post. Mar 1874); Part. 2, pp. [257-]261-399 in 13 (1875[1876]). [Orobanchées: 102-111. 1874]. URL: https://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/idurl/1/10313 (TL-2: 334, n. 8150).

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