Accepted Name - Basionymum / Basionym - Synonyms - Ind. loc. [Indicatio locotypica (type locality)] - Lectotypus [Lectotype] - Designated by - Host - Comments - Chromosomatic number - Ic. [Images] - Distribution - Specimens Examined - References - Authors - Cite us

ISSN: 2386-9666 - Last Updated: 12 February 2024


Accepted Name:

Phelipanche ramosa (L.) Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 103 (1874) [Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 11: 103 (1874 [post 10 Mar 1874])]

Basionymum / Basionym:

Orobanche ramosa L., Sp. Pl.: 633 (1753) (Willdenow 1800: 853, sub O. ramosa)

Synonyms:

Homotypic synonyms:

Kopsia ramosa (L.) Dumort., Comment. Bot.: 16 (1822), nom. rejic. (ICNB - Tokyo Code, Index Kopsia - 6626 Angiospermae, Dicotyledones, Metachlamydeae 6165-9629, accessed Feb 2006; Vienna Code, 2006 Appendix III Nomina generica conservanda et rejicienda - E3. Dicotyledones, accessed Jun 2009). Obs. "K. ramosa Dum (3), ... (3) Orobanche ramosa, C. Mey.— Nunca vi exemplares portuguęses ..." (sec. Sampaio, Lista Esp. Herb. Portug.: 116. 1913 [of course, we think Sampaio was probably right])

Phelypaea ramosa (L.) C.A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 104 (1831)

Orobanche ramosa var. genuina Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 88 (1890) ["Variat: ... α. genuina = Orobanche ramosa L."], nom. inval. [not validly published] (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3)

Kopsia ramosa var. typica Bég., Fl. Italia 2: 471 (1902), nom. rejic. (ICNB - Tokyo Code, Index Kopsia - 6626 Angiospermae, Dicotyledones, Metachlamydeae 6165-9629, accessed Feb 2006; Vienna Code, 2006 Appendix III Nomina generica conservanda et rejicienda - E3. Dicotyledones, accessed Jun 2009)

Orobanche ramosa f. genuina (Beck) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 72 (1930), nom. inval. [not validly published] (Turland & al. 2018: Art. 24.3)

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Heterotypic synonyms:

? = Orobanche micrantha Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 315 (1822). Syn.: = Orobanche Flore Minore, Hirsuto purpurascente, Chabrey, Stirpium icones et sciagraphia: 257 f. 2 (1677), pre-Linnaean name, not validly published ["Legumen"]; = "Orobanche minor, purpureis floribus, ramosa Chabraei p. 257" (Chabrey, Stirpium icones et sciagraphia: 257. 1677)], Ruppius, Flora jenensis [3 ed.]: 238 (1745) (Wallroth 1822: 315; Skočdopolová & Chrtek 2008: 28, "have not yet been found in the herbarium PR"). Obs. see P. nana

= Orobanche du chanvre Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 67 [-69, t. 16] (1827), nom. inv. [name was not validly published] (Reichenbach 1829: 48, sub O. ramosa L.; Noulet 1837: 489, sub O. ramosa). Syn.: Orobanche cannabis Duby, Bot. Gall.: 351 (1828), pro syn.; Orobanche cannabios F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830), pro syn. Ind. loc.: "répandue dans toute l'Europe, croît sur le chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.]" (Wallroth 1822: 315, "Ad Cannabeos Sativae [Cannabis sativa L.] radicen parasiticam ubertin viget prope Wiehe, Hechendorf et alibi. Jul."; Reichenbach 1829: 48, "Omnium vulgatissima per omnem fere Europam sparsa ... in Cannabi nempe et Nicotianae")

= Orobanche cannabis [Vaucher ex] Duby, Bot. Gall.: 351 (1828), pro syn. (Rouy 1909: 159). Syn.: Orobanche du chanvre Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 67 (1827). Obs. "in agris parasitica Cannabi sativae [Cannabis sativa L.]" (Duby 1828: 351)

= Orobanche cannabios F.W. Schultz in Bot. Lit.-Blätt. 5: 500 (1830) ["29. O. Cannabios (O. ramosa Auct.)"], pro syn. Syn.: Orobanche du chanvre Vaucher, Monogr. Orobanch.: 67 (1827). Obs. "Orobanche ramosa L. auf Hanf [Cannabis sativa L.], Kartoffeln [Solanum tuberosum L.] und Tabak [Nicotiana tabacum L.]" (Schultz 1830: 504, sub O. ramosa L.)

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= Orobanche ramosa var. polyclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825) ["α polyclonos, scapo ramoso)"] (Vaucher 1827: 67; Béguinot 1902: 471). Syn.: Kopsia ramosa var. typica f. polyclonos (Wallr.) Bég., Fl. Italia 2: 471 (1902); = Orobanche Minor Purpureis Floribus, ramosa, Chabrey, Stirpium icones et sciagraphia: 257 f. 3 (1677), nom. inval. ["in agris Cannabi"]; = Orobanche ramosa L., Sp. Pl.: 633 (1753) (Wallroth 1822: 315, Wallroth 1825: 64; Reichenbach 1829: 47, "Syn. O. III. polyclonos Clus. hist. lib. II. p. 271.", sub O. ramosa L.)

= Orobanche ramosa var. monoclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825) ["β monoclonos, scapo simplicissimo)"] (Vaucher 1827: 67; Béguinot 1902: 471; Rouy 1909: 159). Syn.: Kopsia ramosa var. typica f. monoclonos (Wallr.) Bég., Fl. Italia 2: 471 (1902); Phelypaea ramosa var. monoclonos (Wallr.) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 159 (1909); = Orobanche ramosa var. genuina f. monoclonos (Wallr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 88 (1890); = Orobanche ramosa var. simplex Noulet, Fl. Bass. Sous-pyrén.: 490 (1837) (Beck 1890: 89; Rouy 1909: 159; Piwowarczyk, 2012: 54, sub O. ramosa)

= Orobanche ramosa var. simplex Noulet, Fl. Bass. Sous-pyrén.: 490 (1837) ["ε. A Tige simple. Simplex. Nob."] (Rouy 1909: 159). Syn.: = Orobanche ramosa var. monoclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825) (Beck 1890: 89; Rouy 1909: 159). Ind. loc. [Orobanche ramosa L.]: France: "H. Les champs sur les racines de chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] et de tabac [Nicotiana tabacum L.]. C. Toulouse [Midi-Pyrénées, Haute-Garonne]: dans les cultures de tabac, entre l'emboucure du Cana du Midi et le port de Blagnac" (Noulet 1837: 490, sub O. ramosa)

Phelypaea ramosa var. crassipes Ldb., Fl. Ross. 3: 313 (1849) ["δ crassipes"]. Syn.: Phelypaea hohenackeri Reut. in DC., Prodr. 11: 10 (1847) (Ledebour 1849: 313; Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 63-64[59-60], sub O. hohenackeri); = Phelipanche heldreichii (Reut.) Soják (1972). Ind. loc.: "in provinciis caucasicis [in tractu Suwant provinc. Talüsch ! [Zuvand / Zouvant / Lerik, Talysh Mountains, Azerbaijan (Zuvand, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran) / Ozero Sewan / Lake Sevan / Sewanseen / Sewana litsch (Armenia) ?] (Hohenack.)" (Ledebour 1849: 313; Novopokrovsky & Tzvelev 1958: 63-64[59-60], sub O. hohenackeri). Obs. "caule basi crassissimo, bracteis bracteolis calycisciue laciniis longius acuminatis" (Ledebour 1849: 313)

Phelypaea ramosa var. grandiflora Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3: 313 (1847) ["γ. grandiflora"] (Beck 1890: 101; Boulos 2002: 91). Syn.: = Phelypaea indica (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) G. Don (1838) (Ledebour 1849: 313); = Phelipanche aegyptiaca (Pers.) Pomel in Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algérie 11: 107 (1874) [Pomel in Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 11: 107 (1874 [post 10 Mar 1874])]. Ind. loc.: "in provinciis caucassicis [provinc. Karabagh pr. Schuscha [Shusha / Shushi / Шуша, Nagorno-Karabakh, Azerbaijan! (Hohenack.)" (Ledebour 1849: 313)

= Phelypaea ramosa var. monoclonos (Wallr.) Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 159 (1909). Syn.: Orobanche ramosa var. monoclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825)

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= Orobanche ramosa var. genuina f. monoclonos (Wallr.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 88 (1890). Syn.: Orobanche ramosa var. monoclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825) (Beck 1890: 89; Béguinot 1902: 471; Rouy 1909: 159)

= Kopsia ramosa var. typica f. polyclonos (Wallr.) Bég., Fl. Italia 2: 471 (1902) ["a. polyclonos Nob."], nom. rejic. Syn.: Orobanche ramosa var. polyclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825). Obs. Béguinot (1902) did not have a clear concept of Kopsia ramosa var. typica and he confused it with similar species

= Kopsia ramosa var. typica f. monoclonos (Wallr.) Bég., Fl. Italia 2: 471 (1902) ["b. monoclonos Nob."], nom. rejic. Syn.: Orobanche ramosa var. monoclonos Wallr., Orobanches Gen. Diask.: 64 (1825)

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Misapplied names:

Orobanche mutelii var. interrupta sensu Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 80 (1930) [p.p.], non Orobanche interrupta Pers., Syn. Pl. 2(1): 181 (1806) [O. mutelii var. interrupta (Pers.) Beck in Engl., Pflanzenr. 96: 80 (1930)], nec Orobanche ramosa sensu Thunb., Fl. Cap.: 454 (1825). Ind. loc.: "...cum formae intermediae ad ultimam transeuntes in Colonia Eritrea, Abessinia et in terris nubicis adsint ... In der Kolonie Eritrea: Bogos bei Keren [Cheren / Sanhit], Habab Nafko (circ. 16° nördl. Br., Hildebrandt!) [Eritrea Nile Land Habab, Hildebrandt, 511, partly]. — Abessinien (nach Dillon et Petit n. 238). — Somaliland: an der Tajura-Bucht (nach Lord) [French Somaliland Nile Land Gulf of Tajura, Lord!], im Meid [Maydh, Sanaag] Serrut Gebirge bei 1800 m, im April 1875 angeblich auf Ficus sycomorus (Hildebrandt!)."

Orobanche ramosa var. interrupta sensu Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 89 (1890) [p.p.], non Orobanche interrupta Pers., Syn. Pl. 2(1): 181 (1806) [O. ramosa var. interrupta (Pers.) Beck in Biblioth. Bot. 19: 89 (1890)], nec Orobanche ramosa sensu Thunb., Fl. Cap.: 454 (1825). Ind. loc.: "In territorio ... et Abessynia ... Abessynia (β. in territ. Bogos pr. Keren; pr. Habab Nafka [l. Hildebrandt nr. 511], aliis locis [l. Dill, et Petit nr. 238])"

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Ind. loc.: "Habitat in Europae siccis" (Linnaeus 1753: 633).

Lectotypus / Lectotype: 1. "Orobanche ramosa floribus ... ramosa". 2. "2 // p. 321 Orobanche 2 [Europe, Netherlands. Cultivated material from the garden of George Clifford III: Hartekamp Garden, Holland (Jstor, accessed May 2018)]" (BM 000646204) (The Natural History Museum, accessed Sep 2005). "Hort. cliff. 321" (Linnaeus 1753: 633).

Designated by: M.J.Y. Foley in Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 58: 231 (2001).

Host: P. ramosa is usually parasitic on cultivated alien species of Solanaceae and Cannabaceae, more rarely on other families (Piwowarczyk 2012: 54, sub O. ramosa; Gibot-Leclerc & al. 2012; Gibot-Leclerc & al. 2013; Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 46, sub P. ramosa; Annotated Checklist of Host Plants of Orobanchaceae, accessed May 2019).

Armoracia rusticana G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb. [≡ Cochlearia armoracia L.] (Beck 1890: 90, "s. Delile et Holuby", sub O. ramosa). Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 481, sub O. ramosa), Russia (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/78373589 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/demons1312 [Шильников Дмитрий Сергеевич [Shilnikov Dmitry Sergeevich], sub P. ramosa).

Brassica napus L. [= Brassica oleracea var. napobrassica L.]. France (PE 01476162; Gibot-Leclerc & al. 2012).

Brassica oleracea L. (s.l.). Russia (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/78373589 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/demons1312 [Шильников Дмитрий Сергеевич [Shilnikov Dmitry Sergeevich], sub P. ramosa), Ukraine (MW 0514136.jpg).

Cannabis sativa L. Europe (Chabrey 1677: 257; Wallroth 1822: 315; Reichenbach 1829: 48; Schultz 1830: 504, sub O. ramosa L.; Beck 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck 1930: 67, sub O. ramosa), Austria (P 04384581.jpg - hb. E. Drake; PE 01476158), Belgium (P 04215452.jpg; PE 01476167), Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 481, sub O. ramosa), England (Rumsey & Jury 1991: 260), Estonia (TU 301921), France (Balbis 1827: 543, sub O. ramosa; Noulet 1837: 490, sub O. ramosa; P 04384579.jpg - hb. Schultz; P 04384580.jpg - hb. E. Drake; P 03944893.jpg - hb. Giraudias; P 04242430.jpg - hb. E.G. & A. Camus), Germany (Wallroth 1822: 315, sub O. ramosa L.; AMD 84203.jpg; Demuth 1992: 58, sub O. ramosa), Hungary (P 03996066.jpg), Luxembourg (L 2816913.jpg), Netherlands (WAG 1141513.jpg), Poland (Piwowarczyk 2012: 57-58, sub O. ramosa), Spain (P 04441432.jpg - hb. Vayreda; Willkomm 1870: 629, sub P. ramosa), Ukraine (MW 0514133.jpg; MW 0514135.jpg) and United States of America (Gray 1908: 740; Beck 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

Capsicum annuum L. Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 481, sub O. ramosa).

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. [≡ Solanum lycopersicum L.] (Beck 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck 1930: 67, sub O. ramosa). Chile (Kogan 1994: 599, sub O. ramosa; https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/70952148 by Benjamin Hinojosa Vilches, accessed Jan 2024), Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 481, sub O. ramosa), Egypt (U 1470941.jpg), France (P 04242769.jpg - hb. Grelet), Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 32, sub P. ramosa), Germany (Demuth 1992: 58, sub O. ramosa), Israel (U 1470931.jpg), Romania (MA 294135; PE 01476160), Sudan (BR 0000018099591.jpg; CM 294943.jpg; (Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada 2017) and United States of America (Beck 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

Nicotiana rustica L (Beck 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa). Germany (L 2816940.jpg).

Nicotiana tabacum L. [= Nicotiana latissima Mill.]. Europe (Reichenbach 1829: 48; Schultz 1830: 504, sub O. ramosa L.; Beck 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck 1930: 67, sub O. ramosa). Armenia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 47, sub P. ramosa), Bulgaria (Uhlich & al. 1995: 109, Abb. 104!, sub O. ramosa L.), Cuba (CLF 231927.jpg; Labrada 1994: 604, sub O. ramosa), Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 481, sub O. ramosa), France (Noulet 1837: 490, sub O. ramosa; P 04409222.jpg - hb. Bournérias), Georgia (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 32, sub P. ramosa), Germany (Gmelin 1791; Demuth 1992: 58, sub O. ramosa), Italy (P 04384578.jpg - hb. Drake), Netherlands (WAG 1141515.jpg), Poland (Piwowarczyk 2012: 57-58, sub O. ramosa), Spain (Oliveira 1990; Pujadas 2000: 96, sub O. ramosa L.), Ukraine (US 1629905; MW 0514133.jpg; PE 01476159) and United States of America (Gray 1908: 740; Beck 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

Solanum muricatum Aiton. Chile (Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), accessed May 2017).

Solanum tuberosum L. (Schultz 1830: 504, sub O. ramosa L.; Beck 1890: 90, "s. Kerner, Schimper", sub O. ramosa; Beck 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa), Chile (Kogan 1994: 599, sub O. ramosa), Czech Republic (Zázvorka 2000: 481, sub O. ramosa).

Xanthium spinosum L. (Beck 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck 1930: 67, sub O. ramosa).

Xanthium strumarium L. Russia (MW 0514123).

Comments:

Historical observation: species whose native status is uncertain. Archaeophyte, probably introduced with the cultivation of Cannabis sp. (Companyo 1864: 512, "en 1852 ... graines de chanvre géant apportées de la Chine par M. Itier", sub P. ramosa; Demuth 1992, Zázvorka 2000: 482, sub O. ramosa); (Piwowarczyk 2012: 53, "The species probably travelled to Central Europe from Asia with hemp crops ca. 500 BC (Kreutz, 1995; Pusch and Günther, 2009)."). It was formerly widely recorded from the Iberian Peninsula and from the rest of Europe (Reichenbach 1829: 48, "Omnium vulgatissima per omnem fere Europam sparsa ... in Cannabi nempe et Nicotianae"). Although nowadays we think that many of these records could be due to mistakes with allied species (e.g., P. nana). Today it is extinct in most parts of Iberian Peninsula, although it remains as a pestilent weed in many crops from Andalucia.

Phylogenetic observations: "The dramatic spread of root holoparasite Orobanche ramosa L. (branched broomrape) has been observed in the last few years in France in fields of Brassica napus L., Nicotiana tabacum L., and Cannabis sativa L. ... These results led to the concept of host specificity and suggestions about the existence of three different pathovars in O. ramosa. Analysis of genetic variability of the three O. ramosa populations by PCR of RAPD markers confirmed that they may be considered as three distinct pathovars." (Brault & al. 2007). "Phylogenetic relationships" (Carlón & al. 2008: 12 f. 1).

Relative taxa:

Phelipanche schweinfurthii (Beck) Soják in Čas. Nár. Muz. Přir. 140: 130 (1972). Syn.:  Orobanche schweinfurthii Beck, Biblioth. Bot. 19: 94 (1890);  Orobanche ramosa var. schweinfurthii (Beck) Hadidy in Boulos, Fl. Egypt Checklist: 138 (1995). Ind. loc.: "Aegyptus, ubi c. d. Schweinfurth prope Abu Sabel, locum versus marginem fluminis Nili Delta situm, detexit; Algier (leg. Bove in herb. Petrop. [LE])" (Beck 1890: 94). Host: "Crescit ad radices Trifolii alexandrini L. plurimum in radice primaria accreta". Herbarium Specimens: 1. "Recd. 8/80 / Phelipaea ramosa L / Nş 262 var. Trifolii alexandrini / Abu Sabel. Kleefelde [cloverfield] / im Culturlande am oestlichen Rande des Deltas / (Aegypten [Egypt]) / 1 April 1880 ges von Dr. G. Schweinfurth". 2. "Orobanche schweinfurthii Beck / type! [m. Beck]" (K 000425146 - http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000425146 - http://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/90303.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019, syntype ["Exsiccatae. Schweinfurth, Pl. exsicc. Aegypt. (1880) n. 262!" (Beck 1930: 74)]); 1. "Auf Ammi Visnaga / fl. albo vel / lilacino / Recd. 8/80 / Nş 265 Phelipaea ramosa L / Tel el Tahudieh / im Culturlande am oestlichen Rande des Deltas / (Aegypten [Egypt]) / 1 April 1880 ges von Dr. G. Schweinfurth". 2. "Orobanche schweinfurthii [m. Beck?]" (K 000425147 - http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000425147 - http://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/90304.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019 (Beck 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa)); "Orobanche schweinfurthii G. Beck / Mittelägypten, Niltal, E-Ufer des Nils / unter der Necropolis Beni Hasan, ca / 20 km S von el-Minya, Sanddünen am / Nilufer, auf Trifolium alexandrinum / 9.4.1982 / leg, det: I. Weis & P. Pilsl" (Herb Pilsl Peter 004438 - https://herbarium.univie.ac.at/database/detail.php?ID=1328408; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019 [this taxon is very close to P. ramosa]).

Chromosomatic number: n = 12, 2n = 24 (Palomeque & Sańudo 1981: 508; Schneeweiss & al. 2004: 441).

Ic.: a, BM 000646204 The George Clifford Herbarium (lectotypus) [The Natural History Museum (accessed Sep 2005)]; b, habit [on Nicotiana tabacum L.; Pedro Ruiz, Spain]; c, herb. Sánchez Pedraja P. nana 10560 vs. P. ramosa 10956B et 10955B (ib.); d, MA 114735 (on Cannabis sativa L., Palazuelos, Spain); e, MA 294135 (Oltenia, Romania); f, (sub Orobanche ramosa L. [USDA] accessed Feb 2006 [p.p., the photographs taken by Luigi Rignanese are not P. ramosa, they correspond to P. mutelii and P. nana]); g, (sub Phelypaea ramosa (L.) C.A. Meyer. HYPPA [INRA-Dijon] accessed Feb 2006).

Distribution [native (archaeophyte) and naturalised (neophyte)]:

Abyssinia, Afghanistan [n.v.], Albania, Algeria [n.v.], Armenia, Australia [alien / unconfirmed (see P. mutelii)], Austria, Azerbaijan, Balearic Islands [unconfirmed (see P. nana)], Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Chile, China [n.v.], Cuba [alien], Cyprus, Czech Republic, Djibouti, Egypt, England [United Kingdom], Eritrea, Estonia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Georgia, Germany, Gibraltar [unconfirmed (see P. nana)], Greece [unconfirmed], Hungary, India [unconfirmed, see P. brassicae], Israel and Palestinian territories, Italy, Krim, Lebanon [see P. aegyptiaca], Libya [n.v.], Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Macedonia [unconfirmed, see P. aegyptiaca], Oman [unconfirmed (see P. nana)], Pakistan [unconfirmed, see P. aegyptiaca], Poland, Portugal [unconfirmed (see P. nana)], Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Somalia, South Africa [unconfirmed (see P. nana)], Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Syria [n.v., see P. aegyptiaca and P. nana], Tanzania [alien], Tunisia [unconfirmed (see P. nana)], Turkey, Ukraine and United States of America [alien].

Distribution Maps (CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019) [it is often confused with similar species (e.g., P. nana or P. aegyptiaca), for this reason its distribution needs to be revised]; Parker (Figure 8 World distribution of O. ramosa and O. aegyptiaca). Distribution (Domina & Raab-Straube, 2010). Iberian Peninsula distribution.

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Specimens examined and literature records.

Abyssinia / Abisinia / Abyssinie / Abessinien / Ethiopian Empire [Eritrea, Ethiopia] - Horn of Africa [Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia] (Reuter 1847: 8, sub Phelipaea ramosa; Beck 1890: 89, sub O. ramosa var. interrupta; Beck 1890: 91, sub O. ramosa; Beck 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Beck 1930: 80, sub O. mutelii var. interrupta sensu Beck [more research is required to clarify that this is true]

"Herbarium Runau / Orobanche ramosa L. / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Abyssinie / Hiea 21 [?] 1839 / ... Dillon et Petit" [Richard Quartin-Dillon et Antoine Petit]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02970673 - P 02970673.jpg - hb. Drake - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/17/4/P02970673.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438439020 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/12A345686051453CB672F9FD1A433C83; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013 (cf., calyx-teeth longer than European (typical) calyx-teeth); "Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Orobanche ramosa L. / Phelipaea aegyptiaca Walp. / Voyage de M. Quartin-Dillon en Abyssinie. Kiea [Hiea] / 10" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02970729  - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/10/17/4/P02970729.jpg - P 02970729.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/439104438 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/20CD9FD0F18F41A08130236E6AB879B1;  rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013 (cf., calyx-teeth longer than European (typical) calyx-teeth)); "Abyssiniâ (Dillon ! in h. mus. Paris.)" (Reuter 1847: 8, sub Phelipaea ramosa); "Crescit in arvis cultis Abyssinise, in planitie montosa provincial Chire [Ch’īrē, Oromia Region, Ethiopia], et prope Hiea (Quartin Dillon)" (Lefévre & al. 1847-1851 in Tentamen Florae Abyssinicae); "Orobanche interrupta Persoon, Enchirid. II, p. 180 (1807) ... / ... In territorio ... et Abessynia ... Abessynia (β. in territ. Bogos pr. Keren [Cheren / Sanhit / Senhait, Eritrea]; pr. Habab Nafka [Nakfa, Northern Red Sea, Eritrea] [l. Hildebrandt nr. 511], aliis locis [l. Dill, et Petit nr. 238])" (Beck 1890: 89-91, sub O. ramosa var. interrupta); "Eritrea: Massaua [Massawa / Massaoua, Northern Red Sea] (Ehrenberg), Ha Masen auf dem Berge Bizen 2480 m im Jänner (A. Fiori in Herb. Levier), nicht ganz typisch. Abessinien: nach Stapf in Th. Dyer, Fl. trop. Africa IV. 2. (1906) 465, bei Hiea (Quartin-Dillon), nicht gesehen, wahrscheinlich zu interrupta gehörig" (Beck 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa); "In der Kolonie Eritrea: Bogos bei Keren [Cheren / Sanhit], Habab Nafko [Nakfa, Northern Red Sea, Eritrea] (circ. 16° nördl. Br., Hildebrandt!) [Eritrea Nile Land Habab, Hildebrandt, 511, partly]. — Abessinien (nach Dillon et Petit n. 238). — Somaliland: an der Taju ra-Bucht (nach Lord) [French Somaliland Nile Land Gulf of Tajura, Lord!], im Meid [Maydh, Sanaag] Serrut Gebirge bei 1800 m, im April 1875 angeblich auf Ficus sycomorus (Hildebrandt!)" (Beck 1930: 80, sub O. mutelii var. interrupta sensu Beck).

Note: The WAG herbarium specimens are not typical P. ramosa and they need to be revised: https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/WAG.1141517 - WAG 1141517.jpg, WAG 1141518, WAG 1141519, WAG 1141520, WAG 1141521, WAG 1141522, WAG 1141523, WAG 1141524, WAG 1141525, WAG 1141526, WAG 1141527, WAG 1141528, WAG 1141529, WAG 1141530.

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Afghanistan / Afganistán (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 6, sub O. ramosa; Parker & Wilson 1986 in CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019) [n.v.]

Kabul Province: "Afghania: E: Kabul: Farza S Istalif, 1850 m, Hdg. & Wdb. 3285!" (Schiman-Czeika 1964: 6, sub O. ramosa).

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Albania / Shqipëri / Shqipëria / Shqipnia (CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019)

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Algeria / الجزائر‎/ Argelia / Algérie / Algerien (Greuter 1989: 262, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa; Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada 2017) [n.v.]

"Orobanche ramosa is present in the east and west." (Abu-Irmaileh & Labrada 2017).

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Armenia / Hayastan / Armenien / Arménie / Әрмәнстан / Армения (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 46-47, f. 11 I, sub P. ramosa)

Aragatsotn Province / Арагацотнская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 47, sub P. ramosa).

Syunik Province / Сюникская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 47, sub P. ramosa).

Tavush Province / Тавушская область (Piwowarczyk & al. 2019: 47, sub P. ramosa).

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Australia / Australie / Australien [unconfirmed] (Carlón & al. 2005: 66, sub  P. mutelii; Barker & al. 2005, sub O. ramosa; Panetta & Lawes 2007, sub O. ramosa; APNI 657753 and O. ramosa in Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), accessed May 2018 [see P. mutelii]; O. ramosa in NSW WeedWise, accessed May 2018 [see P. mutelii]

South Australia (SA): South Australia (Panetta & Lawes 2007); "Branched broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) poses the greatest threat to Australian crops and is only known to occur as an isolated infestation in the Murray Bridge area of South Australia ... Photos WeedImages 151 6 and WeedImages 219 6 - Photographer: Anna Williams, Courtesy Department of Water, Land and Biodiversity Conservation, SA" (O. ramosa in NSW WeedWise, accessed May 2018 [see P. mutelii]); photos https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/sites/gateway/files/0846018 and DAFWA.jpg (O. ramosa in NSW WeedWise; accessed May 2018 [see P. mutelii]; "APC Dist.: SA (naturalised)" (https://id.biodiversity.org.au/tree/51752909/51240580 - https://www.gbif.org/es/occurrence/2419355110 in Australian Plant Census (APC); accessed rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Feb 2024 [see P. mutelii]).

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Austria / Österreich / Autriche (Beck 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 282, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa; Pusch 2009: 20, sub O. ramosa)

Lower Austria / Niederösterreich: "Dr. C. Baenitz, Herbarium Europaeum. N.ş .... / Orobanche ramosa L. / Austri infer.: In radicibus Cannabis sat. [Cannabis sativa L.] ad Seitenstetten / 500 m / leg. Strasser" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384581 - P 04384581.jpg - hb. E. Drake - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/28/1/P04384581.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465204627 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/A7709D8E9E7E4693A85A59DA494469CC; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); 1. "Flora Exsiccata austro-Hungarica. / 911. Orobanche ramosa. / ... / I. Austria inferior. In radicibus Cannabis sativae in cultis ad Seitenstetten / copiose; 500 mt. s. m. / Strasser. / II. Hungaria centralis. Kalocsa, in radicibus Cannabis sativae. / Haynald.". 2. "I" (PE 01476158 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=ec189d39 - http://www.cvh.ac.cn/spm/PE/01476158; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019); idem (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0786615 - https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0786615...427ed3f3-84a7-4505-a8fa-89d19cdc8868 - https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0786615/img/0.jpg?gibf; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2024).

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Azerbaijan / Azərbaycan / Азәрбајҹан / Azerbaiyán / Aserbaidschan / Azerbaďdjan (Meyer 1831: 104, sub Phelipaea ramosa mihi; Ledebour 1849: 313, sub P. ramosa var. ramosa; Ledebour 1849: 313, loc. class. of Phelypaea ramosa var. grandiflora; Ledebour 1849: 313, loc. class. of Phelypaea ramosa var. crassipes; Karjagin 1957; CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019)

Lankaran-Astara Economic Region / Lənkəran-Astara iqtisadi rayonu / Ленкорань-Астаринский экономический район: "Frequens in campis inter Sallian et Lenkoran [Lankaran / Lənkəran] (Meyer 1831: 104, sub Phelipaea ramosa mihi); "inter Sallian et Lenkoran [Lankaran / Ленкорань] (C. A. Meyer), in tractu Suwant provinc. Talüsch [Zuvand / Zouvant, Talysh Mountains, Azerbaijan (Zuvand, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran)]! (Hohenack.)" (Ledebour 1849: 313, sub Phelipaea ramosa var. ramosa); "in provinciis caucasicis [in tractu Suwant provinc. Talüsch ! [Zuvand / Zouvant, Talysh Mountains, Azerbaijan (Zuvand, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran)] (Hohenack.)" (Ledebour 1849: 313, loc. class. of Phelypaea ramosa var. crassipes).

Lerik District / Lerik rayonu / Лерикский район: "... / Plantae Caucasicae Collaboratoribus Horti / Botanici Universitatis Mosquensis Lectae / Orobanche ramosa L. / Azerbaijan, Talysh, Lerik district, between Lerik [Лерик] and Şinəband [Shinaband / Шинәбәндом] / on the road to Orant [Orand / Орант / Оранд] / М.Г. Пименов [M.G. Pimenov] et al. / 21 june 1977" https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717070 - https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717070...9cfc1c62-5b89-4aa4-82cc-e89050490d0a - MW 0717070.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2024, sub P. aegyptiaca [O. aegyptiaca var. typica f. aemula Beck] (Piwowarczyk & al. 2023: 33-34, sub P. aegyptiaca)).

Nagorno-Karabakh / Artsakh / Dağlıq Qarabağ / Нагорный Карабах: Orobanche ramosa L., Regio autonoma Karabakh, Legnt.: V.A. et I.P. Petrov (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0717071 - MW 0717071.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2018 [cf.]).

Shusha District / Şuşa rayonu / Шушинский район: "in provinciis caucassicis [provinc. Karabagh pr. Schuscha! (Hohenack.)]" (Ledebour 1849: 313, loc. class. of Phelypaea ramosa var. grandiflora).

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Belarus / Беларусь / Белоруссия / Bielorrusia / Biélorussie / Weißrussland (CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019)

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Belgique / Belgium / België / Bélgica / Belgien (Beck 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Verloove 2019, sub P. ramosa in Manual of the Alien Plants of Belgium, accessed May 2019)

Flemish Region / Vlaams Gewest / Flanders / Flandre / Flandes / Flamande

Limburg: "Herbier E. G. Camus / Herbier Alphonse Lunet / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / 1. Cortessem [Kortessem] (Belgique) / n.ş 174 exsicc. van heurck / legit van den Born. dedit B. Bailliere / ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04215450 - P 04215450.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/03/15/4/P04215450.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474681287 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/E1A5F3B0E6A84451A7E938A2849A92D5; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Oost-Vlaanderen / East Flanders / Flandre-Orientale / Ostflandern: "Nş 148   Kickxia Belgica, par A. Thielens et A. Devos.— Cent. II, 1866. / ... / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Meyer ... / ... Parasite sur le Chanvre (Cannabis sativa L.) / Environs de Termonde [Dendermonde] (Flandre Orient.). / Aoűt 1866. / Dr. Westendorp" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04215452 - P 04215452.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/03/15/4/P04215452.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474768610 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/79DB5B059059447DB9D81E573EECC103; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); idem (PE 01476167 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=ec189907 - http://www.cvh.ac.cn/spm/PE/01476167; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019); "Ex Herb. Arm. Thielens. / Tirlemont (Belgium). // Herbier Cap. Lenars / A Anvers. / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey / Grembergen L Termonde [Grembergen-lez-Termonde / Grembergen near Dendermonde] / ... 63 [1863]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04242443 - P 04242443.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/03/19/4/P04242443.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474810683 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/0947D9AD14554C14931F8AA6D0D869ED; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

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Bosnia and Herzegovina / Bosnia y Herzegovina / Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина [unconfirmed]

Bosnian Podrinje Canton: "Gorazde, Bosnai Heceqovina", 43°40′N 18°59′E (Kreutz 1995: 4, sub O. ramosa [Pujadas 2002: 361, sub O. nana!]).

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Bulgaria / България / Bulgarie / Bulgarien (Beck 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Stoyanov 2003 [2009]: 12-13, t. 5, a [photo!]).

Blagoevgrad Province / област Благоевград / oblast Blagoevgrad / Благоевградска област / Blagoevgradska oblast / Pirin Macedonia: "... (auf Nicotiana tabacum) oberhalb Sandanski, Pirin" (Uhlich & al. 1995: 109, Abb. 104!, sub O. ramosa L.).

Central Transdanubia

Fejér: "Herbarium J. Bognár / Plantae Hungariae Exsiccatae / Orobanche ramosa L. / In agris arenosis ad marginem / viam publicam pro. pag. Dinnyés / 28.09.1999      917." (hb. J. Bognár 917; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

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Chile (Kogan 1994: 599, sub O. ramosa; INIA 2016.08.23; CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019)

Santiago Metropolitan Region: "O. ramosa is more widely spread in the Metropolitan Region (32ş lat S) ... the most common host is tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. [Solanum lycopersicum L.] ... potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) ..." (Kogan 1994: 599-600, sub O. ramosa).

Cordillera Province: "Pirque [33°41'12.9"S 70°35'18.2"W -33.686917, -70.588389, near Puente Alto], 21 Mar 2019" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/70952148 by Benjamin Hinojosa Vilches in iNaturalist; accessed Jan 2024).

Coquimbo Region (INIA 2016.08.23 [it needs to be confirmed (see P. aegyptiaca)])

Note: "La presencia de Orobanche en Chile tiene amplia distribución, desde la región de Coquimbo hasta la Araucanía. En la provincia de Limarí es primera vez que se aprecia esta maleza en cultivos de pepino dulce [Solanum muricatum Aiton]. Este parásito también ataca a otros cultivos de la familia solanacea como tomate [Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (Solanum lycopersicum L.), berenjena [Solanum melongena L.], papa [Solanum tuberosum L.] y tabaco [Nicotiana tabacum L.]; y con menor intensidad aparece en apio, maravilla y lechuga" (Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA), accessed May 2017).

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China / Chine / 中华人民共和国 (Zhang & Tzvelev 1998 [unmentioned]; CABI 37747, accessed Apr 2019) [n.v.]

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region / 新疆维吾尔自治区 / Xinjiang (XUAR) / Shinjang / Xīnjiāng / Sinkiang / Chinese Turkestan (Wang 1990 [introduced] in CABI 37747).

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Cuba (Cook & Horne 1905; Bruner 1940; Labrada 1994: 604, sub O. ramosa, "the major pests on tobacco in the central provinces of Cuba ... introduced into Cuba with imported crop seeds from europe early this century (Acuńa, 1970, pers. comm.); Alfonso Hernández & Valerino Díaz 2007)

"Herbarium de Cuba / Estación Central Agronomica / No. 4518 / Orobanche / On tabacco [Nicotiana tabacum L.] / Santiago de las Vegas [Santiago de Compostela de las Vegas, Boyeros] / Col. Alearca [?] Fecha Feb. 6\05 [1905?] / Provincia de la Habana [Havana]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/clf/collection/clf/item/clf231927 - CLF 231927.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/1437961557 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/31D0920179BD4446B9BB122CEF050F06; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017); "Havana province ... Villa Clara, santi Spiritus and Ciego de Ávila" ... Holguin province" (Labrada 1994: 605, f. 1, sub O. ramosa); "estación Experimental Agronómica de Santiago de las Vegas ... una planta parásita que crecía de las raíces del tabaco en la finca del Sr. Miguel Díaz, ubicada a corta distancia de Santiago de las Vegas (Cook & Horne, 1905) ... La "yerba sosa" es una planta fanerógama, de hábitos exclusivamente parasíticos, que en algunas localidades de Cuba constituye una plaga de las vegas ... el dueńo de la finca Siguaney de Zaza del Medio [Sancti Spíritus Province], Sr. Joaquín Rodríguez Llorente remitía una planta de tabaco atacada por una planta desconocida en la zona, contestándole el Dr. Bruner que se trataba de O. ramosa" (Bruner, 1940) ... hay que destacar que si en Cuba en 1965 se seńalaba que 191.70 millones de plantas de tabaco habían sido dańadas por orobanche ... El problema abarca en nuestros días extensas áreas de tabaco negro cultivado a la sombra con destino a capa, y al sol en las provincias de Villa Clara, Sancti Spiritus, Ciego de Ávila y La Habana. En las provincias de Pinar del Río y Cienfuegos se encuentran en áreas muy localizadas y de menor cuantía" (Alfonso Hernández & Valerino Díaz 2007).

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Cyprus / Κύπρος / Kýpros / Kıbrıs / Chipre / Zypern

 Limassol District / Λεμεσός: "Herbarium Universitatis Mosquensis (MW) / Orobanche ramosa L. / ... / Cyprus, Division 3 of Meikle 1977, / Limassol, Potamos Yermasoyias [Potamos tis Germasogeias], / flower-bed of the restaurant / Кипр, Район 3 (по Meikle, 1977), / г. Лимасол, район Ермасойя, / левый берег р. Ермасойя в ее нижнем течении, / цветочная клумба у ресторана. / Coll. A. Seregin, D. Sokoloff, M. Remizova / Собр.  А. Серегин, Д. Соколов, М. Ремизова / 8.03.2004 A-100 / Atlas florae europaeae: 36-S-WD2 [Asia]" (https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0747837 - https://plant.depo.msu.ru/open/public/item/MW0747837...427ed3f3-84a7-4505-a8fa-89d19cdc8868 - MW 0747837.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jun 2018).

Paphos District / Επαρχία Πάφου / Baf kazası: "Herbarium R. D'Hose / ... / Orobanche ramosa L. / Cyprus, in frygana tussen / Pafos [Paphos / Πάφος / Baf (Paphos District)] en Limassol /  J.E. de Langhe R. d'Hose 11.4.80 / no. 108-1980" (http://www.botanicalcollections.be/specimen/BR0000006309015 - BR 0000006309015.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/4072372934; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2024 [the sheet contains three specimens, the specimen on the right side correspond to P. nana and the two on the left side correspond to O. minor]).

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Czech Republic / República Checa / Česká republika (Zázvorka 2000: 481-484, t. 78 f. 3; Pusch 2009: 20, sub O. ramosa)

Bohemia / Čechy / Čěska (Zázvorka 2000: 482, sub O. ramosa): "Nové Město [50°04'16.0"N 14°25'18.4"E 50.071109, 14.421768], Praha [Prague], Česko, 12 Jul 2017 / Host: Cannabis sativa" (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/99916879 by https://www.inaturalist.org/people/hanajos, sub P. ramosa, in iNaturalist; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jan 2024 [!]).

Moravia / Morava / Mähren (Zázvorka 2000: 482, sub O. ramosa).

Note: "In the past, the main host in Czech Republic was hemp (Cannabis sativa L.), more recently tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. [≡ Solanum lycopersicum L.]), sometimes tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) and peppers (Capsicum annuum L.). Rarerly, the species was found on potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) and horseradish (Armoracia rusticana G. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb.)..." (Zázvorka 2000: 481, sub O. ramosa).

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Djibouti / Yibuti / Dschibuti (see Abyssinia) [unconfirmed] (Plants of the World online 662640-1, accessed May 2019)

Tadjourah Region: "an der Taju ra-Bucht [Tadjoura] (nach Lord) [French Somaliland Nile Land Gulf of Tajura, Lord!]" (Beck 1930: 80, sub O. mutelii var. interrupta).

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Egypt / مصر / Egipto / Ägypten (Beck 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Beck 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa; Greuter 1989: 262, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa; Boulos 2002: 87-88, sub O. ramosa var. ramosa)

Alexandria Governorate: "Alexandria ... (Schweinfurth)" (Beck 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

Aswan Governorate: "Desert Institute Expedition / to Nubia / December 1963 - February 1964 / Orobanche ramosa L. / on Solanum lycopersicum L. / 1-4 km A Banha, Ballana / 12.1.1964 / Leg. Loutfy Boulos" (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/U.1470941 - U 1470941.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2515452086; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019).

Cairo Governorate: "Ägypten: ... Cairo ... (Schweinfurth)" (Beck 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

Gharbia Governorate: 1. "Auf Ammi Visnaga / fl. albo vel / lilacino / Recd. 8/80 / Nş 265 Phelipaea ramosa L / Tel el Tahudieh / im Culturlande am oestlichen Rande des Deltas / (Aegypten [Egypt]) / 1 April 1880 ges von Dr. G. Schweinfurth". 2. "Orobanche schweinfurthii [m. Beck?]" (K 000425147 - http://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/90304.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019 [see Phelipanche schweinfurthii]); "Ägypten: Tel el Tahudieh [Tell el Yehudiye / Tell el-Yahudiya / Leontopolis [?], southeast of Sebennytos, located on the Damietta (Sebennytic) branch of the Nile in the Delta] (Onion)..." (Beck 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

Luxor Governorate: 1. "Ex Herb. Ludovici Kralik / Phelipaea sp. n. Reut. in litt. / champs incultes, Lougsor [Luxor], Egypt sup. 26 fév. / 1848. Sur le Trigonella ramosa et Senecio verbascifolius". – 2. "... Phelipaea ramosa ..." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02970670 - P 02970670.jpg - hb. E. Cosson - E. Durand - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/438105851 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/23269760806A4CFB952795C9F8DF2D3A; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013 [cf.]).

Minya Governorate: "Orobanche schweinfurthii G. Beck / Mittelägypten, Niltal, E-Ufer des Nils / unter der Necropolis Beni Hasan, ca / 20 km S von el-Minya, Sanddünen am / Nilufer, auf Trifolium alexandrinum / 9.4.1982 / leg, det: I. Weis & P. Pilsl" (Herb Pilsl Peter 004438 - https://herbarium.univie.ac.at/database/detail.php?ID=1328408; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019 [Phelipanche schweinfurthii is very close to P. ramosa]).

Qena Governorate: "Ägypten: ... Keneh [Qena / Kaine / Caene] (Schweinfurth)" (Beck 1930: 69, sub O. ramosa).

Unknown locations: 1. "Orobanche ramosa / Voyage de M. Quartin-Dillon en Abyssinie. Egypte". 2. "Orobanche / ... / entre Suant et Quirv [?] / 29 mars 1839" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p02970678 - P 02970678.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/437440627; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2015); "Phelypaea Delilei / Egypte: Ramlé [Ramla / Ramleh] - champs de trčfle / ... / Leg. R. Maire" (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2814863 - L 2814863.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2514573268; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Jul 2021 [P. ramosa only specimens with small flowers and P. aegyptiaca specimens with big flowers]).

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Eritrea / Érythrée (see Abyssinia)

Abessynia (β. in territ. Bogos pr. Keren [Cheren / Sanhit / Senhait]; pr. Habab Nafka [Nakfa, Northern Red Sea] [l. Hildebrandt nr. 511], aliis locis [l. Dill, et Petit nr. 238])" (Beck 1890: 89-91, sub O. ramosa var. interrupta).

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Estonia / Estland / Eesti / Эстони

Tartu County / Tartu maakond: "Herbarium Musei Botanici Universitatis Tartuensis / Herbarium Generale / Orobanche ramosa L. / Tartu Botaanikaaias . Cannabis sativa L. / 6 oct. 1925 / leg.-det. K. Eichwald" (TU 301921 [Tiina Samson 482713]; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Dec 2017).

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Ethiopia / Etiopía / Éthiopie / Äthiopien (see Abyssinia)

Amhara-Tigray: "Ex herb. A. de Franqueville. Reca V.65 / Phelipaea ramosa / ... / Shirch Province, Tacazze Valley [Tekezé / Täkkäze / Takkaze River]. / Abyssinia / coll. Quartin-Dillon et Petit / 238 ... Avril 1840". 2. "ramosa / var. interrupta Beck Monogr. / p. 91 / cor. segm. ovate / subacute / * Tacazze". 3. "Orobanche ramosa var. ramosa / Det. R.A. Graham, 7.XI.1955" (K 000425145 - http://specimens.kew.org/herbarium/K000425145 - http://www.kew.org/herbcatimg/90302.jpg; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2019, sub P. ramosa var. interrupta sensu Beck 1890, p.p.).

Oromia Region: "Crescit in arvis cultis Abyssinise, in planitie montosa provincial Chire [Ch’īrē], et prope Hiea (Quartin Dillon)" (Lefévre & al. 1847-1851 in Tentamen Florae Abyssinicae).

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France / Francia / Frankreich (Lapeyrouse 1813: 359-360; Duby 1828: 351, sub O. ramosa L.; Noulet 1837: 490, sub O. ramosa L.; Companyo 1864: 512, sub P. ramosa; Beck 1890: 90, sub O. ramosa; Rouy 1909: 159, sub P. ramosa; Beck 1930: 68, sub O. ramosa; Noulet 1837; Greuter 1989: 262, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa; Aeschimann & al. 2004: 282, sub O. ramosa subsp. ramosa; Gibot-Leclerc & al. 2012, on Brassica napus L.; P. ramosa in Tela Botanica; accessed et rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013 [none of these photos seem to correspond to P. ramosa s. str., all of them are P. nana ("Thémines (46)", "Lastours (11)", "Saint-Ferriol (11) and "Signes (83)" photos by Mathieu Menand and Robert Leras) except the "Le Rozier (48) / 30 mai 2009 / Photo n° 23384 by Mathieu Menand" which corresponds to P. inexspectata, the "ŕ Haría - Las Palmas [Espagne] by Benoit Bock" which correspond to P. gratiosa and the "Alcaucín - Malaga [Espagne]" and "Águilas - Murcia [Espagne]" which correspond to P. mutelii.

Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes [Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes]

Ain (01): "ST. Dans les terres cultivées et presque toujours dans les chanvres [Cannabis sativa L.]" (Balbis 1827: 543, sub O. ramosa); "Société dauphinoise. / N.ş 906. Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Meyer /... / Crottet (Ain): champs sablonneux sur les racines / du Cannabis sativa / Aoűt-septembre 1875.  F. Lacroix." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p03944893 - P 03944893.jpg - hb. Giraudias - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/607537032 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/D699D49334354F088BA2371B76F61261; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); idem (P 04215475; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); "Phelipaea Muteli Reuter / Ain: Loyettes, cultures, sur colza [Brassica napus L. (Brassicaceae)] / Juin 1925 Miélleous [?]" (PE 01476162 - https://www.cvh.ac.cn/spms/detail.php?id=ec189c2d - http://www.cvh.ac.cn/spm/PE/01476162; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019); "Port-Galland ŕ Loyettes ... Orobanche ramosa L. est signalé dans ce secteur en 1925" (Fraysse & Granger 1997, sub O. ramosa).

Haute-Savoie (74): "Société Rochelaise, 1881. / Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Meyer. / Chenevičres [Cannabis sativa L.] humides, ŕ Domancy (Haute-Savoie). / 23 Aoűt 1881 / AE. Boullu, ŕ Lyon (Rhône)" (P 04409223; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); idem (P 03944894; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012); L. Chevallier, Précigné // Société Rochelaise, 1881. / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Meyer. / idem (P 03996070; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Isčre (38): "Herbier L. Chevallier, Précigné (Sarthe) / Phelipaea ramosa A. Mey. / Isčre: Le Touvet, sur les / tabacs [Nicotiana tabacum L.] / 7 bre 1899 ..." (P 03996068; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Herbier E.G. Camus / Phelipaea ramosa / sur tabac [N. tabacum L.] / Les Aveničres / 8 Septembre 1910   Isčre / leg. Eugčne Hautreux" (P 04242786 - hb. Camus; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Loire (42): "Phelipaea ramosa C.A. M. / Loire / Veauche in arenosis, ad radices Cannabinis [Cannabis sativa L.]. 8 . 83[1883]" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04394028 - P 04394028.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2011/12/30/5/P04394028.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464795705 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/D0F2DCB571B44886A8EB43E57575885F; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Sep 2012).

Savoie (73): "F. Schultz, herbarium normales, nov. ser. Cent. 15. / 1441. Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. ... / ... Aoűt. / Ad radices Cannabis sativi [Cannabis sativa L.]. Chambéry. Savoie. / Rec. Bonjean." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384579 - P 04384579.jpg - hb. Schultz - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/465139701 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/52063C3D2A344534B642B54CBF2211F4; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016); idem (https://data.biodiversitydata.nl/naturalis/specimen/L.2816937 - L 2816937.jpg - https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/2516611481; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja May 2019).

Bourgogne-Franche-Comté

Cote d'Or (21): "Société Dauphinoise, 2ş série, 1891 / Nş 408. Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. ... / ... / Soc. dauph. 1 sér. nş 906. Plombičres-les-Dijon [47°20'00.0"N 4°58'00.0"E 47.333333, 4.966667] (Côte-d'Or): chenevičres [chčnevičre / canebičre is a hemp field (chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.]) in the south of France] des bords de l'Ouche. / Juillet 1890. / Leg. Noël Garnier. Ad. Pellat." (MPU; rev. L. Carlón & Ó. Sánchez Pedraja 2006-2007); idem (P 04242788 - hb. Th. Delacour; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); idem (P 03996072; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr. 2013); idem (P 04242785; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Saône-et-Loire (71): "Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Montceau-les-Mines: Dans un champ de Chambre [Cannabis sativa L.] / ŕ Galuzot  13 aoűt 1906 / P. Porte" (P 04242427; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja, Sept 2012); "Phelipaea ramosa / Chenevičres [Cannabis sativa L.] ŕ Raconnay / Gergy Saône-et-Loire / 13 aoűt 1879!" (P 04242761 - hb. Th. Delacour; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Centre [Centre-Val de Loire]

Cher (18): "N.ş 20783 / Phelipaea ramosa / Parterres de Herny, sur les Ginnia [?] Cher / 1 Nov. 1875 / Mouillefarine" (P 04242760; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Indre-et-Loire (37): "Orobanche Ramosa L. / Env. de Bourgueil / Leg. J. Caquere [?]" (P 04384563 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016).

Loir-et-Cher (41): "Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / ... 17 aoűt 1872. Rounis du / chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] dans ... / (Loir-et-Cher) ..." (P 04242436; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Flore des environs de Romorantin / (Loir-et-Cher) / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Orobanche ramosa L. / 17 aoűt 1866 / Sur les racines du Cannabis sativa / au grand village, Cme de Pruniers [Pruniers-en-Sologne] / par Em. Martin" (P 04242781; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Herb. E. Martin / Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Mey / Cne des Pruniers / par les Risuloux / Sans date / ..." (P 04242763; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013); "Phelipaea albiflora / Cour Cheverny / mon jardin" (P 04384565 - hb. E. Drake; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016).

Corse / Corsica / Córcega (Jeanmonod & Habashi 2008: 95-97, "qu'il doit actuaellement considéré comme disparu", sub P. ramosa)

"signalée sur Cannabis sativa L. ... ŕ Bastia et aux environs (Salis-Marschlins (1834)" (Jeanmonod & Habashi 2008: 96, sub P. ramosa).

Grand Est [Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine]

Bas-Rhin / Unterelsŕss (67): "Flora Galliae et Germaniae exsiccata de C. Billot / 60. Orobanche ramosa L. ... / 18 septembre 1845 / Parasite sur le chambre [Cannabis sativa L.], ŕ Drusenheim (Bas-Rhin). / Rec. par E. et C. Billot." (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04384580 - P 04384580.jpg - hb. E. Drake - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/464676623 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/94F32C74D969440E896A7CD35C7580FF; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2016); "Herbier E. G. Camus / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. / Orobanche ramosa L. / ... / Sur le chanvre [Cannabis sativa L.] Soufflenheim [Sufflenheim] (Bas-Rhin) / 68-87-1-31  herb. Kralik" (https://science.mnhn.fr/institution/mnhn/collection/p/item/p04215450 - P 04215450.jpg - http://sonneratphoto.mnhn.fr/2012/03/15/4/P04215450.jpg - http://www.gbif.org/occurrence/474681287 - https://explore.recolnat.org/occurrence/E1A5F3B0E6A84451A7E938A2849A92D5; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Vosges (88): "Phelypaea ramosa C.A. Meyer / Orobanche ramosa L. / Sur des racines de Cannabis sativa / (FR-88) / Villars, prčs Neufchâteau / 28 Aoűt 1864 / ..." (P 06903013; rev. Ó. Sánchez Pedraja Apr 2013).

Île-de-France

Essonne (91): "Herbier E. G. Camus  2144 / Phelipaea ramosa C.A. Mey. /